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Safety and power availability of LV

Assemblies

Buildings and large sites

Guarantee to our customers


safe switchboards  Why ?
In all buildings, the electrical
installation is one of the most
sensitive element in term of
risks for people and goods
Fires
Electrocutions
Blasts,

Schneider Electric

- LoB LV Nov 2010

Guarantee to our customers


Power availability  Why ?
Some examples across the world
France
Electrical origin fire in a tools manufacturer
 losses = $ 1,2 M
 1 fire on 5  electrical origin
 55,000 lost working days


USA
$ 10 B of losses in industry commerce
per year

 Germany

Dusseldorf airport fire  3 days of


complete closing full recovery of
exploitation after 2 months

 China


Schneider Electric

- LoB LV Nov 2010

45 000 fires of electrical origin in 2008

To ensure your customer peace of mind


You need to provide him

Safety

Schneider Electric

- LoB LV Nov 2010

and

Power
availability
4

Through

Compliance with
IEC61439
standard
Go

Schneider Electric

- LoB LV Nov 2010

Schneider
Electric expertise
Go

Compliance with

IEC61439 Standard

Schneider
Electric expertise

Power
availability

Standards

Schneider
Electric LV
offer

Safety
Schneider Electric

- LoB LV Nov 2010

IEC61439 Standard

IEC Standards:
international references

LV electrical
Installations:
IEC 60364
& local
standards
Switchboard:
Old: IEC 60439-1
New: IEC 614391&2

Busbar
trunking:
IEC 60439-2

Switchgear &
controlgear:
IEC 60947-x

Schneider Electric

- LoB LV Nov 2010

IEC61439-1&2 Standard

Why an ASSEMBLY standard IEC61439?


Regarding ASSEMBLIES,

safety of persons and property, and availability of electrical power depends on:
Designing the overall system according to the relevant standards

Controlling various interactions


Protecting persons against any hazards
due to the ASSEMBLIES themselves

Providing operating, maintenance


and modification capabilities

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- LoB LV Nov 2010

Evolutions of the ASSEMBLY Standard

From IEC 60439-1 to IEC 61439-1&2

Schneider Electric

- LoB LV Nov 2010

IEC61439 Standard

The International ASSEMBLY standards


From IEC 60439-1 to IEC 61439-1&2
NEW IEC 61439-X
LV switchgear
& controlgear
Assemblies
(ASSEMBLIES)

General rules
61439-1 (2009)

ASS. for
ASSEMBLIES
Power switchgear
Distribution
construction
for public
and controlgear
Boards for
networks
assemblies
Ordinary pers. sites
61439-4
61439-5
61439-3
61439-2 (2009)
OLD IEC 60439-X Power switchgear and controlgear assemblies
TTA and PTTA (Also used as a general rules standard) 60439-1
LV switchgear
& controlgear
Distribution
ASS. for
ASSEMBLIES
Assemblies
Boards for
construction
for public
(ASSEMBLIES)
unskilled pers. sites
networks
60439-3
60439-4
60439-5

Busbar
Trunkings
Systems
61439-6

Busbar
Trunkings
Systems
60439-2

Compared to the old IEC 60439-X, the new IEC 61439-X standards aim at:
Better covering all ASSEMBLIES, especially the ASSEMBLIES based on ASSEMBLY Systems
Improving safety by clarifying or increasing many requirements
IEC 61439-2 is to be read in conjunction with IEC 61439-1, instead of IEC 60439-1 alone
Tests identical to those in IEC 60439-1 do not need to be repeated
Transitional periods may apply when implemented as regional, e.g. European (*), or national standards
Schneider Electric

- LoB LV Nov 2010

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IEC61439 Standard

Time schedule in the European Union

(in other countries, the transition period depends on national rules)

2010

2011

2012

2013

2009 -11

2014

2015

2016

2017

2014-11

EN 60439-1

5 years

2009 -11

2014-11

PSC-ASSEMBLY
EN 60439-1
EN 61439-2 / 61439-1 (Ed1)

5 years

?
BTS
EN 60439-2 / 60439-1
EN 61439-6 (Ed1) / EN 61439-1 (Ed1)
3 years?
?
Distribution boards
EN 60439-3 / 60439-1
EN 61439-3 (Ed1) / EN 61439-1 (Ed1)
3 years?
Schneider Electric

- LoB LV Nov 2010

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IEC61439-1&2 Standard

Why a new standard ?

80% of the ASSEMBLIES worldwide do not comply with the


standard
Requirements not always clear
Role of Switchboard System manufacturer and Panel Builder not clear enough

A Partially Type Tested ASSEMBLY (PTTA)

concept abused and

misused

Schneider Electric

- LoB LV Nov 2010

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IEC61439-1&2 Standard

Main Changes
Recognition of Original

Manufacturer (Switchboard
System manufacturer) and ASSEMBLY Manufacturer
(Panel Builder)

PTTA/TTA concepts replaced with (tested)

ASSEMBLY

Many clarified & reinforced requirements

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- LoB LV Nov 2010

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IEC61439-1&2 Standard

Clear definitions of roles


ASSEMBLY Manufacturer (Panel Builder)
Takes the responsibility for the final Assembly
Carries out routine verifications

Original Manufacturer (System


manufacturer)
Carries out the original design
Carries out the design verifications that can be
certified through a certification body (ASEFA,
ASTA, KEMA,)

Specifier
Certification
body

Original
Manufacturer

Project Specification

Assembly

system

Assembly
Manufacturer
(Panel Builder)

ASSEMBLY System
Full range of mechanical & electrical components
(functional units, switching devices, enclosures)
designed by the Original Manufacturer to be
assembled according to his instructions

Specifier (design office, End user,)

Tested assembly

User

Specifies or selects the ASSEMBLY


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- LoB LV Nov 2010

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IEC61439-1&2 Standard

Elimination of TTA and PTTA concepts


Type Tested Assemblies

Tested
ASSEMBLIES

Partially Type Tested Assemblies

TTA:

Design verifications

7 type tests on the design


3 routine tests on the
realization of each panel

PTTA
Calculations not clearly
defined to justify not to do
some type-tests
3 same routine tests
Schneider Electric

- LoB LV Nov 2010

Mainly type-tests
Or possibility for only some of the
verifications under clear and strict
conditions to do
Comparison with a tested reference
design (Design Rules)
Calculations including safety margins

Routine verifications
Same as TTA in 10 items instead of 3
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Elimination of TTA and PTTA concepts


Verification options available
Characteristic to be verified

By testing

By calculation

By design rules

Strength of materials and parts

YES

NO

NO

Degree of protection of enclosures

YES

NO

YES

Clearances and creepage distances

YES

YES

YES

Protection against electric shock & Integrity of


protective circuits

YES

NO

NO

Incorporation of switching devices and


components

NO

NO

YES

Internal electrical circuits and connections

NO

NO

YES

Terminals for external conductors

NO

NO

YES

Dielectric properties

YES

NO

NO

Temperature rise

YES

YES

YES

Short-circuit withstand strength

YES

YES

YES

Electromagnetic compatibility

YES

NO

YES

Mechanical operation

YES

NO

NO

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- LoB LV Nov 2010

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Clarified & reinforced requirements:


Strength of materials and parts
Following tests are compulsory:
This looks at the suitability of plastic and metal parts to prove the
long term capabilities of the equipment.
Resistance to corrosion
Properties of insulating materials
Thermal stability
Resistance of insulating materials to normal heat
Resistance to abnormal heat and fire due to internal electric effects
Resistance to ultra-violet (UV) radiation
Lifting
Mechanical impact (IK)
Marking
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Clarified & reinforced requirements:


Current carrying
All the tests (also short circuit) have to be made with the devices
inside the assembly
No more possibility to make a temperature rise with a heating resistance
No device substitution

The tests have to be made for each circuit alone and the
complete assembly (including diversity factor)
The verification by calculation is limited
maximum 1600A and all components de-rated to 80%
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- LoB LV Nov 2010

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Details of the IEC 61439-1&2 Standard

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- LoB LV Nov 2010

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IEC61439-1&2 Standard

Type of requirements of the IEC61439-1&2


Rated characteristics definitions and other information to be stated by the
ASSEMBLY Manufacturer to ensure compatibility with the Users needs and constraints

Design
Like creapage distance, IP definitions, etc

Design verification
Basically by inspecting the constructional requirements and by testing precisely
defined representative samples

Routine verification i.e. verification of each manufactured ASSEMBLY


To confirm that the proofs of design verification are available and detect faults in
materials and workmanship
Schneider Electric

- LoB LV Nov 2010

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IEC61439-1&2 Standard

Breakdown of IEC61439-1&2 into 10 users


Functions
Capability to operate the electrical installation
Voltage stresses withstand capability
Current carrying capability
Short-circuit withstand capability
Electro-Magnetic Compatibility
Protection against electric shock
Maintenance and modifying capabilities
Ability to be installed on site
Protection against risk of fire
Protection against environmental conditions

Schneider Electric

- LoB LV Nov 2010

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IEC61439-1&2 Standard

Capability to operate the electrical installation


IEC 61439-1&2 requirements

Schneider Electric offer

Properly function, according to:

Low Voltage complete Systems


Functional units: Inst. Plate /
Device / Front plate
Full and transparent doors /
shutting
Human / switchboard interface

The electrical diagram and the


specifications by selecting, installing and
wiring the appropriate switching devices.
The specified operating facilities through
accessibility and identification.

Design Verification
By inspection
Impulse withstand voltage test of isolating
distance for optional withdrawable units

Routine verification
Visual inspection
Effectiveness of mechanical actuating
elements and function test

Schneider Electric

- LoB LV Nov 2010

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IEC61439-1&2 Standard

Voltage stresses withstand capability


IEC 61439-1&2 requirements

Schneider Electric offer

Insulation

High performance materials

to withstand long-term voltages, transient


and temporary overvoltages
guaranteed through clearances, creepage
distances and solid insulation

Design Verification
Measurement of clearances and creepage
distances
Power frequency dielectric test
Impulse withstand voltage test, when
clearances are greater than specified
values

Routine verification

Polyfast interface

Busbar supports

Visual inspection of clearances


Power frequency dielectric test

Schneider Electric

- LoB LV Nov 2010

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IEC61439-1&2 Standard

Current carrying capability


IEC 61439-1&2 requirements

Schneider Electric offer

Protect against burns by limiting


excessive temperatures:

A complete range of main and distribution


busbars (linergy)
Prefabricated connections
and distribution blocks
Thermal rules and data

when any single circuit is continuously


loaded to its rated current
and when any circuit is continuously
loaded to its rated current multiplied by its
rated diversity factor.

Design Verification
Temperature rise tests
Or comparison with a tested reference
design, under restrictive conditions
Or, under very restrictive conditions,
calculations with safety margins

Prefabricated
connections

Busbars

Routine verification
Visual inspection
Random verification of tightness
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- LoB LV Nov 2010

Distribution blocks

Thermal rules in catalogue

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IEC61439-1&2 Standard

Short circuit withstand capability


IEC 61439-1&2 requirements

Schneider Electric offer

Withstand short-circuit thanks to

Current limiting Circuit Breakers


Coordination between Circuit-Breakers
and busbars
Busbar support

short-circuit protective devices, shortcircuit coordination


and capability to withstand the stresses
resulting from short-circuit currents in all
conductors

Design Verification
Short-circuit tests of the main circuit,
including the neutral conductor, and of the
protective circuit
Or comparison with a tested reference
design under restrictive conditions

Isc

Assumed transient peak Isc


Assumed steady peak Isc

Limited peak Isc

Routine verification

50 kA successful short-circuit
withstand test on vertical busbars

Visual inspection

t
Tcc

Schneider Electric

- LoB LV Nov 2010

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IEC61439-1&2 Standard

Electromagnetic compatibility
IEC 61439-1&2 requirements

Schneider Electric offer

Properly function and avoid generation of


EMC disturbances

Schneider Electric implementation rules


Low electromagnetic fields radiating
busbar trunking.

through incorporation of electronic devices


complying with the relevant EMC standard
and their correct installation

Design Verification
EMC tests according to product standards
or generic EMC standards

Routine verification
None

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- LoB LV Nov 2010

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IEC61439-1&2 Standard

Protection against electric shock


IEC 61439-1&2 requirements

Schneider Electric offer

Clear specification of

IPxxB and formxB (no direct access to


Basic insulation: hazardous live parts accessibility hazardous live parts)
Fault protection: accessible conductive parts not
Doors with locks
hazardous, continuity of protective equipotential
Front plates with cut-out
bonding
to operate the devices
Design Verification
Use of high performance materials.
IPXXB test & verif. of insulating material
Mechanical operation tests
Verification of dielectric properties
Measurement of resistance between conductive
parts and PE terminal
Short-circuit strength of protective circuit

Routine Verification

Busbar supports

Visual inspection
Random verification of tightness of the protective
circuit connections
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- LoB LV Nov 2010

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IEC61439-1&2 Standard

Maintenance and modifying capabilities


IEC 61439-1&2 requirements

Schneider Electric offer

Clear specification of capability or not to


preserve continuity of supply

Removable or hinged front faces and plates


IP2x and IPxxB compartments
Insulated devices, distribution blocks and
conductors
Fixed, disconnectable and withdrawable
Functional Units
Insertion of FUs in any available space

without impairing safety


during maintenance or modification
through basic and fault protection and
optional removable parts

Design Verification
IP tests
Mechanical operation tests (especially for
removable parts)

Design Verification
Effectiveness of mechanical actuating
elements
Check protection of persons against
electric shocks
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- LoB LV Nov 2010

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IEC61439-1&2 Standard

Capability to be installed on site


IEC 61439-1&2 requirements

Schneider Electric offer

Withstand handling, transport, storage


and installation constraints
Be capable to be erected and connected

Cable compartments
Terminals for external conductors
Busbar trunking feed units for switchboards
Fishplates on main busbars
Packing, transport and handling
recommendations

Design Verification
By inspection
Lifting test, taken from IEC 62208

Routine Verification
Number, type and identification of
terminals for external conductors

Fish plates

Cable compartment

Feed unit
Terminals

Handling and transportation


recommendations
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- LoB LV Nov 2010

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IEC61439-1&2 Standard

Protection against risk of fire or explosion


IEC 61439-1&2 requirements

Schneider Electric offer

Protect persons against the fire hazard:

Busbar supports compliant to glow-wire test


Internal arc prevention and containment (no
IEC61439 requirement) for Blokset and
Okken

resistance to internal glowing faulty


elements through selection of materials
and various design

Design Verification
Glow wire test
Special test according to IEC TR 61641,
where specified

Routine Verification
None

Successful internal arc containment


Schneider Electric

- LoB LV Nov 2010

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IEC61439-1&2 Standard

Protection against environmental conditions


IEC 61439-1&2 requirements

Schneider Electric offer

Protect the Assembly against mechanical


and atmospheric conditions

IP30 to IP55 switchboards


Anti-corrosive treatment of enclosures
IK07/8/10 switchboards
Seismic risk and Marine compliant Okken
switchboards (no 61439 requirements)

through selection of materials and various


design provisions

Design Verification
IP test
IK test
Corrosion test
UV test (outdoor only)

Switchboard
IK10 door test

Routine Verification
None
Okken
switchboard
seismic test

Schneider Electric

- LoB LV Nov 2010

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IEC61439-1&2 Standard

Using the IEC 61439-1&2 Standard


As a Specifier (final User, or Users rep.)
Specify ASSEMBLIES compliant to IEC
61439-2
Ask for complete certifications from a
recognized certification body
One single test certificate is not enough
Select an ASSEMBLY Manufacturer able to:
Comply with IEC 61439-1&2
Help you to specify your needs
Deliver routine verification reports

Schneider Electric

- LoB LV Nov 2010

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IEC61439-1&2 Standard

Using the IEC 61439-1&2 Standard


AS an ASSEMBLY Manufacturer (Panel
Builder)
Help your customer to specify his needs
Select truly certified ASSEMBLY systems
Ask your supplier to train you with
Design software
Assembly and installation guides
Mounting leaflets
Quality inspection guide
Maintenance and end user guides
Design, manufacture and verify
each ASSEMBLY in compliance with:
The project specification
The ASSEMBLY manufacturers
instructions
Schneider Electric

- LoB LV Nov 2010

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IEC61439-1&2 Standard

Using the IEC 61439-1&2 Standard


Routine verifications to be provided by the
ASSEMBLY Manufacturer (Panel Builder)
for EACH Assembly
degree of protection of enclosures;
clearances and creepage distances;
protection against electric shock and integrity of
protective circuits;
incorporation of built-in components;
internal electrical circuits and connections;
terminals for external conductors;
mechanical operation.
dielectric properties;
wiring, operational performance and function

Schneider Electric

- LoB LV Nov 2010

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Specifying an ASSEMBLY
ASSEMBLIES and the Standard IEC61439 are complex
End Users and Specifiers as well as ASSEMBLY Manufacturer need to
have clear specifications of the Assemblies

Tools to specify according to IEC61439


Annex BB of IEC 61439-2
summarise the information that should be included in an assembly
specification
Schneider Electric Specifiers guide
Covers the Annex BB of the standard
Helps additionally Specifiers and Panel Builders to have a clear
common understanding of the specified values
Schneider Electric

- LoB LV Nov 2010

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Schneider Electric worldwide expertise


for safety and higher power availability

Compliance with
Standards

Power
availability

Expertise

Standards

Schneider
Electric LV
offer

Safety
Schneider Electric

- LoB LV Nov 2010

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Expertise

Schneider Electric LV Assembly expertise


throughout the Assembly life cycle
Anticipation and pre-design:

Anticipation and pre-design


To measure the influence of the important
technical parameters
Precisely define materials characteristics

Definition
Design

Technical support
To capitalize on experience
to enlarge the product range.
To determine the technical data
of our products

Customer support

End of life

Technical
support

Manufacturing

Operation

Installation

To achieve a specific customer


requirement based on our existing products
To Support a specific design
for a dedicated customer business.
Customer support
Schneider Electric

- LoB LV Nov 2010

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Expertise

Schneider Electric LV Assembly expertise:


method and tools
Method:

Tools:

simulations based on tested configuration


Many years of experience
Extrapolation by simulation
for other configurations

In-depth knowledge of the behavior


of components
Design calculation software

Tested and modeled


Configuration

Extrapolation
by simulation
for other
requirements

Schneider Electric

- LoB LV Nov 2010

Extrapolation
by simulation
for other
boundaries

Finite elements software


Schneider Electric Power
Laboratories
Schneider Electric Development
centres

38

Expertise

Schneider Electric LV Assembly expertise:


an answer to customer requests
Expertise fields:
Mechanical
Electrodynamics
Thermal
Internal arc
Electromagnetic
compatibility
Seismic
Insulation

Schneider Electric

- LoB LV Nov 2010

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Expertise

Schneider Electric device expertise:

1,500 R&D team members in 5 countries

Skill

Materials

Connectics

Software

Industrialisation

Mechanisms

Measurement

Mechatronics

Breaking-switching
Schneider Electric

- LoB LV Nov 2010

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Expertise

Example of Schneider Electric expertise:


Thermal Software Softher
The aim of this tool:
To meet standard requirements or specific
end-user demands, in ensuring safe and
reliable configurations

Functions:
To calculate heating and check busbar sizing
of Schneider Electric switchboards and busbar
trunking tap-off units
To offer cooling solutions when
the calculated temperature is too high
To generate a report according
to calculation results.

Schneider Electric

- LoB LV Nov 2010

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Expertise

The Schneider Electric LV System for safety


and more power availability
The Schneider Electric LV system is a complete
system
Each element is designed to operate
with the others
Total coordination

Lifetime operation and performance


Solutions are tested in the worst conditions
High performance materials

Customer needs can change and evolve


Evolution is ensured from the design stage
Schneider experts can test
and validate solutions.

Schneider Electric

- LoB LV Nov 2010

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Expertise

The Schneider Electric LV System for safety


and more power availability
Schneider Electric has dozens of years of experience which is invested in all

of our products
Over 500 million devoted to research and development
6500

R&D specialists across 25 countries

Experience in the most demanding fields


Including oil & gas, marine, hospitals, chemical and nuclear etc.

Schneider Electric

- LoB LV Nov 2010

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Expertise

Schneider Electric
partnership
support

Guides:
-Switchboard assembly
guide
-Installation manuals and
user guides for circuitbreakers
-Mounting leaflets
-Catalogue
Quality:
-Quality inspection guide

Training

Training

Operation:
-Customer guide
-Maintenance and
diagnostic guides
Recycling:
-Product environmental
profile

Commissioning

Operation and
recycling

Assembly
Advice, orders:
-Catalogue
-BOM Software
On-Line support:
-Customer care center

Design and
implementation

Orders

Specifications
and tendering

Schneider Electric

- LoB LV Nov 2010

Guides:
-Switchboard
assembly &
installation guide
-Mounting leaflets
Quality:
-Quality inspection
guide

-type test files


-specification forms
-Pre-design software
-catalogues
-technical
publications

Design, orders:
-Catalogue
Software:
-Thermal Software
-Design software
Technical information:
-AutoCad library
-Bar drawings library
-Electrical installation guide
-Technical booklets
-Coordination tables
On-Line support:
-Customer care center

Training

Training

Training

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Expertise

Schneider Electric has the right services to


support customers anywhere in the world
1700 dedicated people in 68 national call centres

1600 sales outlets


50 customer training centres

Schneider Electric

- LoB LV Nov 2010

45

Working with Schneider Electric is your insurance


for safety and more power availability
LV Assemblies

compliant to

IEC61439 1&2 standard

Power
availability

Expertise to support our system and our

Expertise

customers

A complete

LV System
We are

Schneider Electric

- LoB LV Nov 2010

worldwide

Standards

Schneider
Electric LV
offer

Safety

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