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Test Prep GRE

with Vince Kotchian

Chapter 6: Arithmetic Practice Worksheet


Please complete the following problems. The answers are at the end of the worksheet.

1. Integers: factors, multiples, and remainders


1. List all the positive factors of 80.
2. List five multiples of 9.
3. What is the remainder when 8 is divided by 3?

2. Integers: even and odd and primes


1. Is 0 even? True or false
2. Is -2 even? True or false
3. Is 1 a prime number? True or false
4. Is 9 a prime number? True or false
5. What are the prime factors of 100?

3. Order of operations
1. Evaluate 2 3 + 3.
2. Evaluate 2 + 3 * 3.
3. Evaluate 2(3 + 3)2.

4. Number properties
1. True or false: (3 + 7) + 3 = 3 + (7 + 3)?
2. True or false: 4 * 5 * 6 = 6 * 5 * 4?
3. Evaluate 4(x + y + z).
4. Evaluate |-5 + 2|.
5. True or false: 09 =0?

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5. Adding and subtracting fractions


1. What is 37 + 27 ?
2. What is 56 - 26?

3. What is 14 + 12 ?
4. What is 78 - 34 ?

5. Write 2 34 as an improper fraction.

6. Write 173 as a mixed number.


6. Multiplying and dividing fractions
1. What is 23 45 ?

2. What is 79 49 ?
7. Decimals

1. In the number 489.37, the 7 is in which decimal place?


2. In the number 891.72, the 1 is in which decimal place?

8. Mental percents
Do the following exercises in your head for practice.
1. What is 100% of 100?
2. What is 10% of 73?
3. What is 1% of 101?
4. What is .1% of 1,000?
5. What is 20% of 85?
6. Write 40% as a fraction and as a decimal.

9. Taking percents and increasing by percents


1. What is 35% of 70?
2. What is 5% of 1,100?
3. Increase 200 by 50%.
4. Decrease 250 by 40%.

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10. Percent change


1. Yesterdays high temperature was 45 degrees and todays high temperature was 40
degrees. What is the percent decrease from yesterdays to todays high temperature?
2. I weigh 175 pounds and my friend weighs 145 pounds. My weight is what percent
greater than her weight?
3. Her weight is what percent less than my weight?
4. I have a coupon for 20% off any item at a store. When I get to the store, a sign tells me
everything at the store that day is 10% off. If, before any discounts are applied, an item
at the store costs $20, then how much would the item cost me to buy? (Assume the
10% off is calculated first.)

11. Ratios and proportions


1. Write the ratio of x to y as a fraction.
2. 5 out of 8 people surveyed owned more than one television. If 200 people were
surveyed, how many people surveyed owned only one television?
3. A certain zoo has 7 zebras for every 2 elephants. If there are 81 animals at the zoo that
are either elephants or zebras, how many elephants are at the zoo?

12. Direct proportion and inverse variation


1. If 256 ounces of food feeds 8 people, how many ounces of food are needed to feed
20 people?
2. If 128 ounces of food will last 8 people 2 days, how long will the same amount of
food last 2 people?

13. Exponents
1. 81 is the square of what integer?
2. True or false: 64 * 65 = 69?
39

3. Evaluate 3 .
3

4. Evaluate 30.

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14. More exponents


1. Evaluate 27 * 57.
2. Evaluate ( 73 )2.
3. Simplify (x3)3.

4. Rewrite x -3 as a fraction.
5. Rewrite x 34 as a root.
16. Scientific notation
1. Evaluate 4.5 106+3.2 106.
2. Evaluate

6.6 1010
2.2 104

3. Evaluate 7.9 107+1.2 105.

17. Square roots


1. Evaluate (7 ) 2.
2. Evaluate 23+43.
3. Simplify

35
2

18. Cube and fourth roots


1. Evaluate 3216.
2. Evaluate 4625.
3. Evaluate 2 34 .

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Chapter 6 Answers
1. Integers: factors, multiples, and remainders
1. 1, 2, 4, 5, 8, 10, 16, 20, 40, and 80
2. 18, 27, 36, 45, 54, etc.
3. 2

2. Integers: even and odd and primes


1. True
2. True
3. False
4. False
5. 2 * 2 * 5 * 5
3. Order of operations
1. 2
2. 11
3. 72

4. Number properties
1. True
2. True
3. 4x + 4y + 4z
4. 3
5. False

5. Adding and subtracting fractions


1. 57
2. 12
3. 34

4. 18

5.

11

6. 5 23

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6. Multiplying and dividing fractions


1. 815
2. 74

7. Decimals
1. Hundredths
2. Units (ones)

8. Mental percents
1. 100
2. 7.3
3. 1.01
4. 1
5. 17
6. 410 and .4
9. Taking percents and increasing by percents
1. 24.5
2. 55
3. 300
4. 150

10. Percent change


1. 11.1%
2. ~21%
3. ~17%
4. $14.40

11. Ratios and proportions


1. XY

2. 75
3. 18

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12. Direct proportion and inverse variation


1. 640
2. 8

13. Exponents
1. 9
2. True
3. 36
4. 1

14. More exponents


1. 107
2. 499

3. x9

4. 1X3

5. 4 x3

16. Scientific notation


1. 7.7 106
2. 3 106
3. 79,120,000

17. Square roots


1. 14
2. 63
3. 310
2

18. Cube and fourth roots


1. 6
2. 5
3. 48

Test Prep: GRE Vince Kotchian


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