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Nano Marinus
Nano-style sea water aquaria

Simply fascinating
- fascinatingly simple

Easy-care mini-reefs for the home

Experience nature

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Nano sea water aquaria

Discover the fascinating new world of nano sea water aquaria – bringing the
magic of tropical coral reefs into your living room!
An aquarium with coral reef dwellers need not be a big, complicated and
expensive affair. If you just observe a few basic principles regarding set-up,
stocking and care and keep to the Dennerle Nano Marinus system, everything is very simple.
The following pages explain what you need to know in order to get your
aquarium off to a successful start. In next to no time, you will be able to sit
back and enjoy your very own little piece of marine paradise.


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An old rule states that the larger a sea water aquarium is, the greater its ability
to cope with stress and to maintain biological stability.
This does not mean that small aquaria are necessarily unstable, however. On
the contrary – with the right equipment and a well balanced stock of creatures, nano aquaria with a water volume of 30 to 60 litres can be run with longterm biological stability today.
While many creatures only feel at home in a large sea water aquarium, some
tiny reef dwellers will thrive substantially better in a small aquarium. Most of
these nano reef dwellers are fascinating in appearance and behaviour. In
nature they lead extremely stationary lives, e.g. in or on a tiny den, and
remain within a highly restricted terrain. In large aquaria they are barely visible
and may well be eaten quickly by the fish. A Nano Cube is ideal for such
The Dennerle Nano Marinus system opens up a totally new world - even for
experienced sea water aquarium enthusiasts.

What do I need for a nano sea water aquarium?
Basic requirements

Nano Marinus Cube
Base support
■ Heater
Flow pump
■ Bed material
■ Sea salt
Densimeter (Aräometer)
Trace elements
schwarze Rückwandfolie
Feed for the various reef dwellers

The Dennerle Nano Cube Complete Plus set provides a perfectly coordinated system covering all these basic requirements.


Time switch
Long tweezers (preferably made of plastic)
Glass cleaner (magnetic or blade-type cleaner)
1-2 litre measuring beaker with scale
Clean bucket
Starter bacteria


05. Dennerle has developed a whole new approach to the topic of nano-scale seascapes. Dennerle has consistently followed nature's model in developing this new system. perfectly coordinated system combining ■ reliable operation ■ minimal care needs and ■ a low entry-level price. requiring complicated equipment and stocked with over-sensitive creatures.2011 15:18 Seite 4 What is special about the new Dennerle Nano Marinus system? To date. They have been considered too complex and expensive. It now offers a simple.Prospekt_Nano_Marinus_962_GB:Layout 1 16. What do sea water organisms need? ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ 4 An ideal flow of water Suitable light for photosynthesis Limy settlement substrate Stable water values in a range corresponding to the natural maritime habitat Vital minerals and trace elements Fellow Cube dwellers which will integrate well Appropriate nutrition for moving creatures and filter feeders . sea water aquaria have been regarded with marked scepticism.

2 Nano Marinus Reef Salt Special sea salt for nano sea water aquaria with a precise balance of trace elements for healthy growth and magnificent colours. Depleted trace elements are replenished with Nano Marinus Reef Elements. Just keep to these rules. 6 Regular water care Replacing 10-15% of the water each week removes undesired waste substances and adds fresh minerals. surface extraction. A perfect habitat for filtering bacteria and all creatures from the sand zone. 7 Living rocks and a carefully chosen stock of marine creatures Healthy living rocks from the sea and a stock of creatures tailored to nano aquaria provide long-term stability for a biosystem in which corals are able to flourish. 1 Nano Marinus Reef Sand Natural. 3 Nano Marinus Bio-Circulator 4in1 The core element of the Easy Care system: Water flow. 5 Nano ThermoConstant 25° The electronically controlled fully automatic mini-heater for an ideal feel-good temperature of 25 °C.Prospekt_Nano_Marinus_962_GB:Layout 1 16.2011 15:18 Seite 5 The Dennerle Easy Care system for effectively functioning nano sea water aquaria consists of seven modules designed for optimum combination on the basis of extensive practical trials. 4 Nano Marinus Reef Light Sunshine for the nano reef in your home: Powerful light and an ideal colour spectrum for light-loving corals. and it's sure to work! 5 . filtration and 24-hour feed unit for filter feeders. limy bed mixture with an ideal grain size of 0.2 mm.7 – 1.05.

Total weight of the filled aquarium: approx. Set-up and start-up This is all there is to it! The quick-start method – just 60 minutes! This method enables immediate. complete set-up of the Nano Cube. Direct sunlight should be avoided as it may lead to algae formation and overheating. 4 kg (Cube 30) / 8 kg (Cube 60) ■ Fit base support. rinse the aquarium with warm tap water (without cleaning agents). You need the following from an up-and-running coral reef aquarium: Biologically mature aquarium water and bed material ■ Living rocks: approx. Place the aquarium with the safety underlay on a smooth. Before you begin. so as to avoid swirling up the bed.2011 15:19 Seite 6 The right location Choose a relatively dark spot – in a corner.Prospekt_Nano_Marinus_962_GB:Layout 1 16. The black decorative foil provided can be stuck onto the back of the Nano Cube. Experience shows that biological stability is ensured from the outset. horizontal surface of adequate load-bearing capacity. 40 kg (Cube 30) / 75 kg (Cube 60). uncleaned bed material up to a height of 2-3 cm. Pour the mature sea water into the aquarium carefully over a plate. Fill aquarium with matured. for example. 6 . Initially fill Cube only 2/3 full.05.

After a week.2011 15:20 Seite 7 Install heater and flow pump (do not switch on yet). Pour in water up to Max. Wasser bis zur Max. will ensure that the desired biological balance is swiftly attained. Sediments may cloud the aquarium water slightly at first. Install lamp and cover panel and start up the system. such as hermit crabs or shrimps. Place living rocks and macro-algae in the aquarium. the bed mix should be rinsed only very carefully (if at all) in a little aquarium water before pouring it into the aquarium. The water will clear in a matter of days. Apply water level indicator. however. 7 .05. After the second week you can add other sea creatures. The living bed. In the following days you will be able to observe which small creatures have already found their way into your Nano Cube® aquarium with the rocks. place the first small and robust soft corals in the aquarium. marking. which is permeated with filtering bacteria and sediments and contains countless small marine creatures such as crabs and worms.Prospekt_Nano_Marinus_962_GB:Layout 1 16.-Markierung auffüllen. In order to avoid removing these important small organisms. Lighting time: 1st week 8 h/day From 2nd week 10 h/day That's it.

16 weeks at the earliest. . Day 1 Install and start up flow pump and heater.05. After a week. with no more than two such fish to be kept in a Cube 30. Switch on the lighting as follows: 1st–2nd week 6 h/day 3rd–4th week 8 h/day From 5th week 10 h/day Day 7 Day 42 Day 56 8 Fit base support. when the water and bed are biologically active and the brown diatoms with oxygen bubbles have disappeared. ideally the green wire algae Chaetomorpha linum. a handful of living bed material from an up-and-running reef aquarium. Other sea creatures such as shrimps or hermit crabs can be added after 8-10 weeks. Add the prepared sea water from a separate container. Robust soft corals can be added after the six-week running-in phase.Prospekt_Nano_Marinus_962_GB:Layout 1 16.2011 15:21 Seite 8 The running-in method Biological running-in of the Nano Cube® takes place in several stages. More sensitive sea creatures can be added after 8-10 weeks. a little patience is now required. 4 kg (Cube 30) / 8 kg (Cube 60) of living rocks and. add approx. As freshly mixed salt water is initially too chemically aggressive for many small organisms. if possible. You should now also add a bundle of macro-algae. Wash Marinus Reef Sand and pour in to a height of 2-3 cm. Nano fish which remain small and are to spend all their lives in the nano environment should be introduced into the aquarium after 14 .

As soon as the supply of this substance is exhausted. the prevailing conditions are highly unfavourable for corals and other invertebrates. numerous algae will fight for predominance in your aquarium.05. you can use Nano Marinus FB7 BactoClean ClearWater filtering bacteria. A brown covering to which tiny oxygen bubbles are attached appears over the bed and living rocks. however.2011 15:21 Seite 9 TIP: For a more reliable running-in phase. generally become established particularly quickly. 9 . This is a normal process and no cause for concern. The running-in phase In the running-in phase.Prospekt_Nano_Marinus_962_GB:Layout 1 16. the aquarium will acquire a quite unsightly appearance during this period. and would actually perish for the most part. they will diminish of their own accord. If the algae coverings become too extreme. competing with the undesired micro-algae. Diatoms are normal in the running-in phase. During this phase. They would fail to acclimatise. which produce slimy brown coverings. spreading abundantly. The macro-algae which you have added are of assistance here. Diatoms. These algae need a great deal of silicic acid in order to grow. A little patience is required until a biological balance is established. they should be extracted with a thin hose during the weekly water change or removed by mechanical means. As a result.

The water should not be too cold when mixing. phosphate. nitrate.023 (at 25 °C) . If the density is too low. rock and soft corals.2011 15:21 Seite 10 A few tips Preparing sea water The starting water which you use when preparing the sea water should be as pure as possible. The densimeter must float freely.023 (at 25 °C). however. add a little salt. The density should always be checked with the densimeter beforehand. Marine creatures react highly sensitively to lower or higher salt levels and brief fluctuations in density. Around room temperature is ideal.05.022 1. There must be no air bubbles on the densimeter.022 to 1. You should use tap water only if it is guaranteed free of harmful substances (copper. etc. add a little starting water. Read the value from the scale at the level of the water surface (not at the level of the water which is "climbing" up the densimeter above the surface level). 40 g =1 slightly heaped dosagespoon of Nano Marinus Reef Salt per litre produce sea water with a density of 1. in order to prevent subsequent lime deposits on the inside of the bucket. Water from a reverse osmosis system or distilled water are best. Measurement procedure: Grip the tip of the dry and clean densimeter with dry fingers and submerge in the water until it floats on its own. shrimps and all other creatures which inhabit coral reefs ■ Tailored to the sensitive nutrient situation in nano aquaria Measuring the density of the sea water The density is a measure of the correct salt content and is thus the most important water value in the sea water. Never pour sea salt directly into the aquarium! Nano Marinus Reef Salt Special sea salt for small sea water aquaria ■ Natural mix of all the main and trace elements contained in tropical sea water ■ Premium quality. If the density is too high.024 (at 25 °C) Ideal value: 1. as these will falsify the reading.023 1. 10 The right way to read the density: 1. pharmaceutically pure salts ■ Ideal basis for coral fish.024 Recommended density: 1. The water can be used as soon as all salt constituents have dissolved and it is clear.).Prospekt_Nano_Marinus_962_GB:Layout 1 16.

so as to ensure that there are no dying organisms such as sponges on its surface. Good reef rock does not look grey and "dead". Every piece of living rock is a veritable microcosmos in its own right. supplies valuable carbonate hardness What are living rocks? Rocks themselves are not alive. snails and diverse microfauna ■ Free of harmful substances. This soft.05. As such. it will soon be possible to observe how the most diverse organisms develop on the rock.e.Prospekt_Nano_Marinus_962_GB:Layout 1 16. green or red macro-algae. sea anemones. porous rock is inhabited by countless marine creatures and contains the most diverse range of useful bacteria. in a Nano Cube. These may take the form of corals.7 . No release of nitrate or phosphate ■ Stabilises the pH value. a piece of living rock from a coral reef is a never-ending source of unique surprises. sea squirts or magnificent decorative algae – and no-one knows beforehand what will grow there. Nano Marinus Reef Sand Special bed mix for small sea water aquaria ■ Natural high-purity calcium/magnesium carbonate ■ Ideal grain size of 0. Always place the rocks in the aquarium with the side covered in such organisms facing upwards. gobies.1. but is covered in diverse organisms. Do not build up the bed to a height of more than 2 – 3 cm.2 mm ■ Ideal for shrimps. crabs. Any initial slight clouding of the aquarium water will quickly disappear. tube worms. tube worms or small corals. It is important for the rock to have been stored in healthy sea water for several weeks at the retail outlet. Choose attractively shaped and porous pieces of rock. 11 . in order to avoid subsequent oxygen deficiencies in the lower area. pink-coloured lime red algae. But in a coral reef rock-like lime substance is continually produced from the skeletons of dead rock corals and the shells of mussels and other creatures which are bound together by sponges and calcareous algae. e. After placing such a rock in an aquarium without epibacteria-eating fish – i.2011 15:22 Seite 11 Wash and pour in bed compound Rinse the Nano Marinus bed compound thoroughly in a bucket under flowing tap water to remove fine waste.g.

This world first has been developed especially for the Nano Cubes. 500 l/h. algae and other micro-organisms which impairs gas exchange will otherwise form on the surface of the water). With the Dennerle Nano Marinus system. providing a source of basic nutrition for all filter-feeding reef dwellers. crabs and shrimps. which are among the creatures for which the Nano Cube was developed. fish. For Cube 30 with throttled nozzle: 250 l/h The skimmer provides for a crystal-clear water surface (a greasy-looking layer of bacteria. TIP: We recommend running aquaria with large numbers of filterfeeding reef dwellers (corals. The powerful. so that these creatures benefit from the available plankton in full. a skimmer entails a number of disadvantages: it takes up space. In addition to this. mussels. Filter feeders. care and technical equipment to a minimum.2011 15:23 Seite 12 The Bio-Circulator The Nano Marinus Bio-Circulator 4in1 is the core element of the Nano Marinus system. benefit especially from this plankton-friendly system. With small bio foam for 30 l With large bio foam for 60 l Without bio foam Continuously distributes micro-organisms extracted from the surface as natural plankton food in the aquarium. tube worms. Pump delivery rate: max. sponges. etc. it also removes valuable matter such as plankton and vital trace elements. . quiet pump ensures ideal flow conditions. The flow direction can be controlled with the aid of the flow diffusor. colourful corals. is noisy and requires regular maintenance. In nano aquaria. has an unsightly appearance.05. waste matter is removed in the course of the weekly replacement of part of the water and is also processed by reef organisms. With angled bio foam for compact fitting in corners Why do Dennerle Nano Marinus Cubes not require a skimmer? The aim was to develop a system which can be run with long-term biological stability while keeping the required energy.) without a bio foam. without filtering out any of this source of nutrition. A skimmer is essentially necessary in order to remove waste matter in large aquaria containing large stocks of fish. 12 A fine bio foam ensures swift clarification of the water after cleaning the glass.Prospekt_Nano_Marinus_962_GB:Layout 1 16. for example. Its combination of four functions provides for a biologically stable habitat and simple care of healthy and fascinating acquascapes featuring active.

vivid 10. These live entirely or predominantly from light. This is what the generally brown-coloured symbiotic algae (zooxanthelles) look like under the microscope.150 lumen Many corals are inhabited by symbiotic algae. The Nano Marinus Reef Light creates light conditions akin to those in a natural coral reef. The Nano Marinus Reef Light bathes your aquarium in glorious sunshine Daily illumination with the attachable Nano Marinus Reef Light is thus of vital importance to corals.2011 15:24 Seite 13 Reef Light Lighting is required for your Nano Cube not solely to enable you to observe the creatures in the aquarium. We recommend fitting the light with a timer to switch it on and off on a regular basis.Prospekt_Nano_Marinus_962_GB:Layout 1 16. 13 . but also and above all to ensure proper nutrition of the corals. Almost all corals incorporate single-cell algae in their body tissue which cover the major portion of their nutrition needs. fluorescent colours for corals and other sea creatures ■ outstanding growing light for corals Reef Light 24 W for Cube 30: Light output 1. With the specially developed Nano Marinus Blue/White 1:3 compact fluorescent tube it guarantees ■ fresh. The deeper one ventures into the sea.000 kelvin light plus actinic blue light ■ brilliant. These so-called symbiotic algae (zooxanthelles) require ten (recommended) to twelve hours of light of a suitable strength and in an appropriate spectral composition each day for the purposes of photosynthesis.05.200 lumen Reef Light 36 W for Cube 60: Light output 2. red gives way increasingly to the blue range of the spectrum. All the organisms are adapted to this light.

which have a reduced air bladder and are not very active swimmers. A small coral requires little space. a colony of mushroom polyps or tube worms. tube worms ■ Moving invertebrates e. for example . Protect marine creatures! Dennerle would urge you to buy marine creatures responsibly. of the Gobiodon.g. Wherever possible. Other suitable creatures include tiny gobies. Rhodactis indosinensis . Please only stock your Nano Cube® with creatures which are suitable for such a habitat because they require only minimal space in their natural environment. which lead very stationary lives in their natural habitat and are not active swimmers Rock corals are relatively demanding in terms of care and are thus not recommendable for inexperienced sea water aquarium owners.Prospekt_Nano_Marinus_962_GB:Layout 1 16. Suitable varieties include the beautifully coloured Ricordea florida as well as Discosoma and Rhodactis. too. tube corals. Recommendable creatures for a Nano Cube® ■ Sessile invertebratese e. they require nothing but light and gentle water movement. small snails or echinoderms such as serpent stars or starfish.and the same goes for a living sponge.5 cm long gobies. tiny shrimps and other crustaceans.g. Some varieties have adapted to life with little light and thus also colonise darker areas of the reef. cabbage corals and sea fans.2. soft corals. Due to their symbiotic algae.2011 15:24 Seite 14 What creatures are suitable for the Nano Cube®? A small Nano Cube® should only be home to creatures for which such an aquarium offers a viable long-term habitat. snails ■ Tiny nano fish e. shrimps and hermit crabs. Elacatinus.g. mushroom polyps. 14 Ricordea florida Discosoma sp. buy specially bred creatures! Mushroom polyps Mushroom polyps are among the least demanding creatures suitable for the Nano Cube habitat. tiny starfish and serpent stars. Trimma or Eviota varieties.05.

although many varieties will accept feed and will grow more quickly as a result. Litophyton arboreum Flower corals of the Litophyton. i. swaying gracefully in the water flow. Handling these varieties without adequate protection may result in serious injury. Button polyps are highly robust and undemanding creatures which are fond of a somewhat stronger water flow.When disturbed. Thanks to their symbiotic algae they are not reliant on any additional feed. They often occur in two different colours and look like a colourful "carpet of flowers" – as illustrated by the particularly recommendable example from the Zoanthus variety. they are able to retract their polyps entirely. Zoanthus sociatus Caution: Button polyps should always be handled with the greatest of care. Sinularia sp. They possess symbiotic algae and are easy to breed. They have been kept in sea water aquaria for decades and enjoy great popularity to this day. as is the Sinularia variety. Sinularia dura Cabbage corals The umbrella-shaped toadstool corals of the Sarcophyton variety are very robust and undemanding.2011 15:24 Seite 15 Button polyps Button polyps form extensive colonies. Nephthea and Capnella varieties are among the most interesting corals for the Nano Cube®. Some varieties contain a highly toxic bodily secretion – palytoxin (first and foremost the Palythoa and Protopalythoa varieties). Soft corals are always eye-catchers.e. whose tentacles perform a rhythmic closing motion. They have been firmly established as standard stock for sea water aquaria for many decades. Capnella imbricata Sarcophyton sp. Soft corals Soft corals of the Xenia variety are very popular. particularly the types whose polyps "pump". 15 .05. Xenia sp.Prospekt_Nano_Marinus_962_GB:Layout 1 16.

05. Knopia octocontacanalis Pseudopterogorgia americanum Briareum asbestinum Caution: "Trojan horse"! Despite their attractive appearance. which possess symbiotic algae. They grow upright and with thin branches. Close relatives of the sea fans.2011 15:24 Seite 16 Tube corals Tube corals take their name from the tube-like latticework from which the flower-like polyps spring up. is one of the prettiest corals at home in a Nano Cube by dint of its flower-like appearance. as they can spread so abundantly that they may cause harm to other invertebrates. Their flower-like appearance makes them a must in every Nano Cube®.Prospekt_Nano_Marinus_962_GB:Layout 1 16. the star polyps (variety Briareum) embellish the rock substrate with a pretty cushion covering. 16 . as illustrated by Pseudopterogorgia americanum. They are extremely hardy and undemanding. The daisy polyp of the Knopia variety. Similarly to the tube corals of the Clavularia variety. named after the German aquarium expert and author Daniel Knop. are ideal for Nano Cubes. they are ideal for all sizes of Nano Cube. Sea fans Sea fans are also known as sea whips or Gorgonians. Some Gorgonians. for example. Aiptasia should be kept out of aquaria. They are also simple to breed.

17 . Starfish The Asterina burtoni starfish measuring 10-20 mm in size are interesting candidates for the Nano Cube®. While their appearance may not be to everyone's taste. Missing arms subsequently grow on the next generation . They filter plankton out of the water with their garland of feeding tentacles.2011 15:24 Seite 17 Bispira viola Mikroprotula ovicellata Bristle worms Tube worms Tiny feather duster worms such as Bispira viola (approx. The photograph shows a blue sponge of the Haliclona variety.Prospekt_Nano_Marinus_962_GB:Layout 1 16.05. sometimes forming dense groups. They should be kept in check to prevent them from breeding too abundantly. together with the living rock. Some varieties also clean up algae from the glass sides. As grazers they eat epibacteria from rocks and the glass sides of aquaria. however. They reproduce asexually there. on which they breed abundantly. Asterina burtoni Serpent star Haliclona sp. which lends them a flower-like appearance. Bristle worms Bristle worms are related to earthworms. they are extremely useful in aquaria as they eat feed residues and other waste. Serpent stars Little serpent stars also easily find their way into Nano Cubes together with living rock. 35 mm) often find their way into Nano Cubes unnoticed. Sponges Sponges come in a great variety of shapes and colours. Serpent stars are omnivores. Calcareous tube worms such as this Microprotula ovicellata (approx. They are fond of sitting in narrow gaps. Caution: Do not touch with your bare hands – the bristles can cause "burns". 3050 mm) may also enter the Nano Cube® together with living rock. from which just 1 or 2 arms stretch out in search of food. Asterina burtoni starfish reproduce by division.a fascinating spectacle. also devouring residual feed and waste. They live by filtering fine suspended matter out of the water. The Amphipholis squamata measuring only around 10 mm in diameter actually reproduce sexually. They reproduce by division.

The tubular shell is closed by a lid. Nerita snails (variety Nerita) grow to around 25 mm in size and are among the best algae-eaters.2011 15:25 Seite 18 Snails Algae-eating snails are an absolute must in every Nano Cube®. Nerita sp. They also grow to a length of up to 40 mm. with just 2 small antennae protruding out. Turbo petholatus Algae are also the preferred source of nourishment for trochus snails of the Trochus (picture shows Trochus conus) and Tectus varieties.05. Worm snail 18 . It is fascinating to watch baby dove snails (Euplica sp. Their shells often feature pretty markings. allowing the snails to "graze" over these surfaces.Prospekt_Nano_Marinus_962_GB:Layout 1 16. Euplica versicolor Euplica with spawn Young Euplica snails Some varieties may even reproduce in the aquarium. slimy net which they produce themselves and duly devour together with the suspended matter which forms their catch – a fascinating spectacle to behold. They capture their food with the aid of a sticky. but this never becomes a problem. They help to limit algae growth and are self-sufficient.) grow in the spawn on the glass sides of the aquarium. The adult snails measure around 40 mm in length. Trochus conus TIP: For some varieties of snail it is helpful to refrain from cleaning the rear pane or areas of the side panes on a regular basis. Worm snails of the Vermetidae family spend all their lives in a stationary position inside a tubular shell which they produce themselves. Turban snails of the Turbo and Astraea varieties (Turbo petholatis is shown here) are also excellent algae-eaters.

The Cube should only contain one variety. earning it the alternative name "sexy shrimp". Thor amboinensis Thor amboinensis (20 mm) is a comical character – it wiggles its rear whenever it is excited. a sea anemone or a mushroom polyp. peaceful creatures which integrate very well into existing habitats. as the crab drags the anemones through nutritious bed sediments. Urocaridella) Commensal shrimps are sometimes transparent and have a fairy-like air. Creatures belonging to the Periclimenes and Urocaridella genuses live together with a sessile invertebrate. Lybia tessellata Boxer crab (Lybia tessellata) The boxer crab holds two tiny sea anemones in its pincers. boggessi. Thor amboinensis Lysmata amboinensis Lysmata boggessi Northern cleaner shrimp (Lysmata amboinensis) This is probably the best-known type of shrimp in sea water aquaria. Cleaner shrimps are agile. Fiery red Paguristes cadenati or blue-legged Clibanarius tricolor are an ideal choice. They should be kept in pairs. Related varieties include the pretty peppermint shrimp. so that they can move into a new home the next time they moult. and will even take food directly from your hand. It is delightful to watch them climbing around the decorative rocks. and L. Urocaridella antonbruunii 19 . In case of danger it uses these to defend itself like a boxer using his fists. e.g. however. a coral or a mushroom polyp. A Nano Cube® is the perfect aquarium for these shrimps. They are not discerning eaters. eating some of the particles which become attached to the anemones itself. Lysmata wurdemanni.2011 15:25 Seite 19 Ein sie dl e bs re rk Crabs & shrimps Hermit crabs (Paguristes and Clibanarius) Small hermit crabs help to keep the Nano Cube free of algae. It lives in small groups on a coral. Ensure that there are always a few larger snail shells – Nano Marinus Reef Shells – in the Cube.Prospekt_Nano_Marinus_962_GB:Layout 1 16.05. Commensal shrimps (Periclimenes. The sea anemones derive food from this symbiotic relationship.

are active swimmers and thus not suitable for keeping in a Nano Cube®. such as a skimmer. you should run your Nano Cube for the first few months without any fish. including those that remain small. All the creatures in the aquarium. Who's taboo? No creatures which are unable to survive in the long term under the prevailing conditions in a Nano Cube® should ever be kept in such an aquarium. spending most of their time observing their surroundings from a coral or rock. This means that a more extensive range of technical equipment. Species with specialised nutritional needs or which require extremely constant conditions will also fail to thrive in nano aquaria in the long term. which rose to prominence in the film "Find Nemo" is a typical example. such as shrimps or crabs. should be as peaceable as possible to ensure their easy integration. The popular clownfish. The smallest gobies measure barely more than 20 mm in length. 20 .05. is necessary in order to maintain the water quality. They swim only extremely short stretches. an invertebrate aquarium containing corals and shrimps is biologically much less complicated than an aquarium with fish – but no less fascinating. The radius within which they move in their natural environment is also barely any larger than the base area of a Nano Cube with a volume of 30 l. It is important to heed the needs of the creatures in your Cube at all times. With this in mind. The Nano Cubes have not been developed primarily as a habitat for fish. Fish with a high metabolic rate require larger amounts of feed. however. but rather for corals and other invertebrates . It requires more space than a small aquarium is able to offer – at least 100 litres.Prospekt_Nano_Marinus_962_GB:Layout 1 16. The aim is to bring a small cross-section of life from a natural reef into your living room in the form of a small-scale habitat which will retain its biological stability in the long term with a minimum of care. Wait until it has become biologically stable before adding fish – two members of a nano fish variety with the Cube 30. As a rule. This means that the Nano Cube® is not suitable for particularly active swimmers or for young fish which will be too large for these aquaria when they reach adulthood.2011 15:25 Seite 20 Fish The overwhelming majority of coral fish. Gobies are a different story. for example.creatures which require little care and technical support.

2011 15:25 Seite 21 TIP: Possible stocks of fish for a Nano Marinus Cube 60 A couple of fish of a small variety which are not particularly active swimmers (up to 6 cm).g. too.g. or ■ 2 bluestripe pipefish .g. Stonogobiops nematodes or Stonogobiops yasha with Alpheus randalli. e. The genus Elacatinus (formerly Gobiosoma) comprises numerous varieties which attain a maximum length of just 40 mm. The spikefin goby (Discordipinna griessingeri) is surely one of the most attractive gobies imaginable. e. The photograph opposite shows Eviota bifasciata. 21 . making them suitable for a Nano Cube. Always keep this variety in pairs. Ecsenius bimaculatus. It only attains a length of around 30 mm and is much too small for a normal-sized aquarium. Numerous other Gobiodon varieties are ideal for keeping in a Nano Cube. Gobies of the genus Eviota usually grow to between 25 and 30 mm in length and enjoy sitting on a coral. The photograph shows Elacatinus multifasciatus.05. In a Nano Cube it is in its element.: ■ 2 small blennies. e. The Trimma genus comprises a wealth of magnificently coloured tiny fishes. Ecsenius stigmatura or Emblemaria pandionis or ■ 2 coral gobies of the Gobiodon variety or ■ 2 small partner gobies with Alpheidae. which grows to just 30 mm in length.Prospekt_Nano_Marinus_962_GB:Layout 1 16. The photograph opposite shows the pretty red-stripped goby (Trimma cana). e. none of which are very active swimmers. ■ 3-5 candycane gobies (Trimma cana) ■ 3-5 Trimma rubromaculatus ■ 3–5 Eviota bifasciata or Eviota pellucida The white-lined coral goby (Gobiodon albofasciatus) grows to a length of only 25 mm and requires little space. It spends most of its time sitting on a coral or a mushroom polyp. observing their surroundings.g.Doryrhamphus excisus (for experienced sea water aquarium enthusiasts only) or a group of 3-5 fish of a very small variety which displays very little swimming activity and which forms small "harems" in nature.

Knopia octocontacanalis) "Sexy shrimp" (Thor amboinensis) Mushroom polyp (Discosama sp. biologically stable nano sea water aquarium. The stock is dominated by various types of soft corals and a group of 10 Thor amboinensis. Only very minimal care is required. Toadstool leather (Sarcophyton sp.) Mushroom .Prospekt_Nano_Marinus_962_GB:Layout 1 16.05.) Daisy polyp (tube coral.2011 15:25 Seite 22 Nano Marinus Cube 30 – Example 1 Here is an example of a well balanced. These pretty shrimps do not like to be alone and only feel at home in a group. Seaweed (Caulerpa prolifera) 22 The aquarium had been running without any problems for a year at Dennerle's research laboratory when this photograph was taken. Button polyp (Zoanthus sp.

) Mushroom polyp (Discosoma sp.Prospekt_Nano_Marinus_962_GB:Layout 1 16.) Wire algae (Chaetomorpha sp.) hroom polyp (Discosoma sp.) ma sp.05.) 23 .) Finger leather coral (Sinularia sp.2011 15:25 Seite 23 Toadstool leather coral (Sarcophyton sp.) Button polyp (Zoanthus sp.

These highly attractive and agile shrimps are very tame and will even eat their feed – CrustaGran Marinus – directly out of your hand.) Wire algae (Chaetomorpha sp. Knop octocontacanalis) Fan coral (Gorgonie.Prospekt_Nano_Marinus_962_GB:Layout 1 16. Pinnigorgia sp.2011 15:26 Seite 24 Nano Marinus Cube 30 – Example 2 The stars of this beautiful nano reef aquarium are two northern cleaner shrimps (Lysmata amboinensis).) Florida mushroom polyp (Riccordea florida) This aquarium had also been running with full biological stability for over a year at the Dennerle research laboratory when the photograph was taken. Daisy polyp (tube coral. 24 .05.

05.) Button polyp (Zoanthus sp.) Northern cleaner shrimp (Lysmata amboinensis) Seaweed (Caulerpa racemosa) Cactus algae (Halimeda opuntia) Mushroom polyp (Discosoma sp.2011 15:26 Seite 25 Seaweed (Caulerpa prolifera) Knopia nalis) Toadstool leather coral (Sarcophyton sp.) 25 .Prospekt_Nano_Marinus_962_GB:Layout 1 16.

05. minerals and light for maximum growth. because it grows very fast without becoming firmly attached and is easily removable from the aquarium at a later juncture. This is particularly important during the running-in phase. numerous varieties of marine algae begin to fight for predominance. Each variety reproduces up to the limits of its "ecological niche". The green wire algae Chaetomorpha is most effective here. in order to exploit nutrients. 26 Cactus algae Halimeda sp. Lime red algae Mesophyllum sp. the algae behave in this way in order to counter the ravages of frenzied feeding by the creatures to which they are exposed. Red algae Halymenia sp. In nature. These macro-algae are also able to check the growth of troublesome micro-algae by providing them with competition for nutrients. The same goes for the highly desirable lime red algae.Prospekt_Nano_Marinus_962_GB:Layout 1 16. . These help to suppress micro-algae while also producing vital oxygen. which are referred to as macro-algae or decorative algae. While algae are essentially always unwelcome in fresh water aquaria. If you would like to have macro-algae in your aquarium after this phase. which cover rock surfaces to produce a lichen-like appearance.2011 15:26 Seite 26 Continual change As soon as your Nano Cube® is set up and illuminated. attractive decorative algae such as red algae of the genus Halymenia or green calcareous algae such as Halimeda are available from your specialist outlet for sea water aquaria. in sea water aquaria apart from the troublesome micro-algae there are also very pretty and useful leaf algae.

Would you have imagined that such small creatures could be such assiduous cleaners? They immediately form sludge which drops into the tubes in which they live into small balls which they subsequently dispose of outside of the tubes. Every species of creature will reproduce up to the limits of its "ecological niche".2011 15:26 Seite 27 The creatures in your Nano Cube® also influence each others' behaviour. And the spectrum of species and the population continue to change .05. thereby affecting other species – either by competing for nutrients or through predatory activity. each Nano Cube® is quite unique – no two Cubes in the world are the same. As day-out. 27 . That's what makes a Nano Cube so exciting! Take a close look at your Cube and try to discover and follow these changes for yourself. If several different species of creature eat the same micro-algae. also observing the micro-organisms. they will each attempt to expand their population more quickly than the others. In this way. The beauty is in the tiny details! Gammaridea are only around 5 mm long and normally enter the aquarium together with living rock. and one of them soon wins out as a rule. for example.Prospekt_Nano_Marinus_962_GB:Layout 1 16. These behaviour patterns are readily recognisable if you take a close look at your Nano Cube. each individual Nano Cube® develops its very own fauna population.

then pour into aquarium (do not pour powder directly into the aquarium). 28 . Basic rules for feeding: Shrimps and other crustaceans ■ ■ Basic feeding with CrustaGran Marinus: 1-2 feed pearls per day per creature. sponges.g. should be used in place of CrustaGran as a feed supplement at least two or three times a week. Mysis (suspended shrimps). Some are predators which hunt other creatures. The Dennerle Nano Marinus system covers three diet categories. etc. e.Prospekt_Nano_Marinus_962_GB:Layout 1 16. while plankton eaters such as sessile coral polyps or tube worms wait for their food to be washed their way by the flow of the water.2011 15:27 Seite 28 Feeding The diets of the creatures which inhabit reefs are as varied as their anatomy and behaviour. according to density of stock in aquarium ■ Freshly hatched Artemia nauplien as a feed supplement once a week Stir CoralActiv briefly with sea water in a small container until all constituents have "dissolved".) ■ Basic feeding with Nano Marinus CoralActiv: 1/2 – 1 flat measuring spoon to 30 l of aquarium water every 2-3 days. mussels. Filter feeders and small creatures (corals. Artemia (brine shrimps) or krill. depending on the size and activity of the creatures Frozen feed.05. tube worms. Remove the bio foam of the Bio-Circulator or raise by several cm as appropriate in order to prevent the feed from being filtered out.

g. Frozen feed (e. Cyclops. A break for food Use an adapter with a switch for the Bio-Circulator. You can then simply switch off the water flow while feeding your creatures. But don't forget to switch the BioCirculator on again! 29 . Artemia. Feed moderately.05.Prospekt_Nano_Marinus_962_GB:Layout 1 16. Mysis) twice a day Do not overfeed! TIP: Too much feed imposes an unnecessary strain on the water and may lead to poor water quality and excessive algae formation. Remember that in an established aquarium the creatures will also find a fair amount of natural food.2011 15:27 Seite 29 Fish ■ ■ ■ Basic feeding with NanoGran Marinus (provided that the fish accept dry feed): One pinch two to three times a day. Mysis. Artemia) as a feed supplement in place of NanoGran at least two to three times a week If the variety of fish in your aquarium does not accept dry feed: A tiny amount of frozen feed (Cyclops. lobster eggs. Overfeeding is the most common cause of problems with sea water aquaria. lobster eggs. but regularly. Creatures which do not go directly to the food can be fed using tweezers or a pipette.

in order to avoid stressing the filtering bacteria. distilled water or pollutant-free tap water) ■ Take a look at the creatures in your Cube: Do they look normal? Are they behaving normally? ■ Feed the creatures in your aquarium Weekly ■ Replace 10-20 % of the water with sea water at the appropriate temperature. heater. ideally pressing it out in a container filled with the sea water removed during water-changing. Recommended value: 1.2011 15:28 Seite 30 Aquarium care A few simple measures are all it takes to ensure the well-being of the creatures in your Nano Marinus Cube.g. ■ The cover panel should also be kept clean at all times.05.023 Monthly or as necessary ■ Trim or thin out macro-algae ■ Thin out corals 30 . observing the recommended dosage. for example. skimmer. The "round corners" can be cleaned using Dennerle Filter Wool. Daily ■ Carry out a visual check of the technical equipment (pump. by drawing it off with a pipette) or filter it out with the Bio-Circulator. lamp. remove it from the aquarium by manual means (e. ideally with a blade-type cleaner. ■ Clean Bio-Circulator bio foam. timer) ■ Is the temperature correct? (25° C) ■ Replenish evaporated water up to the marking on the water level indicator (reverse osmosis water. Important: Use special Nano Marinus Reef Salt! ■ Clean the panes of the Cube. Never overdose trace elements! ■ Check the density. to ensure that the full light output enters the aquarium at all times.Prospekt_Nano_Marinus_962_GB:Layout 1 16. ■ Replenish vital trace elements with Nano Marinus Reef Elements. If a substantial amount of biomass is scraped off the surfaces.

10 % of the total water content. The replacement water must have the same temperature and density as the aquarium water. you should introduce the new creature under water. without removing it from the water. while 4 l corresponds to approx.05. Introduce the new creature as follows: Place the newly acquired creature in a clean plastic container together with part of the water from the transport bag. A water replacement volume of 2 l corresponds to approx. density. magnesium) and trace elements. Always avoid sudden changes to the water values (temperature. Introducing creatures into the Cube Before introducing a newly purchased creature into the Nano Cube. 22 l of water. The new addition can now be introduced into the aquarium. or add small quantities of aquarium water every couple of minutes. etc. If possible. 20 %. The practical Dennerle water level indicator facilitates water changing. Then slowly drip aquarium water into this container using a thin hose with hose clip. Never replace more than 25 % at any one time. After approx. you must adapt the transport water to the aquarium water over a period of around 45 minutes.g. calcium. 45 minutes around three quarters of the water in the plastic container should consist of aquarium water and only one quarter of transport water.Prospekt_Nano_Marinus_962_GB:Layout 1 16. to avoid any shock resulting from divergent water values.). 31 .2011 15:28 Seite 31 Why is it necessary to replace part of the water? Replacing part of the water removes waste matter and supplies the aquarium with vital minerals (e. as these cause major stress to the creatures in the aquarium. A fully set-up Nano Marinus Cube 30 has a net water content of approx.

g. you should remove the culprits from the aquarium. as they will then heal more quickly and effectively. in order to contend with the ravages of predators. which is very dangerous for humans. Corals and other sessile cnidarians grow at varying rates. 32 . Nettle poisons released by creatures may cause unpleasant burns on sensitive areas of skin (e. as any attempt to remove these organisms by mechanical means may actually further their propagation in the aquarium. When such large-scale assaults by predators are absent in an aquarium. so as to avoid releasing too many bodily secretions into the aquarium water. troublesome organisms which are harmful to other creatures (e. You need to intervene here with a spot of "gardening" to make up for the lack of predators.05. TIP: If you intend to breed corals by cutting off pieces of living coral. Some species have developed an extremely fast mode of reproduction in nature. Aiptasia). they may cause skin irritations in sensitive people.g. Many cabbage corals and soft corals can be bred by taking cut-off pieces and allowing them to grow on new substrate rocks.e. While these are usually not poisonous for humans. When much sought-after corals are involved..2011 15:28 Seite 32 When things get out of hand.. you should remove these pieces from the aquarium quickly. you may be able to cut off parts of the species concerned and pass them on to other aquarium enthusiasts. the level of propagation may suppress the development of other creatures. This is best done by taking the piece of living rock concerned out of the aquarium and replacing it with another piece of rock. on the insides of the lower arms). You should also try to minimise harm to the corals' tissue. In addition.Prospekt_Nano_Marinus_962_GB:Layout 1 16. We recommend wearing clean latex gloves to protect yourself from the cnidarians' bodily secretions when working in the aquarium. Gloves recommended Many corals and sessile invertebrates protect themselves by means of stomach poisons. some varieties of button polyp (Zoanthiniaria) contain the toxic substance palytoxin. i. In the case of so-called "trojan horses".

The water is then toxic for aquarium dwellers.022 – 1.Prospekt_Nano_Marinus_962_GB:Layout 1 16. 25 %) regularly – twice a week. such as red slimy algae or green thread algae. Undesired algae In the first few months there is always a danger of one or more undesired varieties of micro-algae spreading excessively. nitrate or phosphate). others only when problems arise (e. Brown diatom coverings generally recede of their own accord after a short while.2011 15:29 Seite 33 Special aspects of the running-in phase Nitrite The running-in phase sees a propagation of filtering bacteria which convert ammonium into nitrite and nitrite into nitrate. Countermeasures: ■ Do not overstock your aquarium ■ Avoid overfeeding. If you follow our recommendations for running in your Cube. can be very persistent. density). but other algae.g. temporarily reduce amount of feed if appropriate ■ Change part of the water (max. replace part of the water on a regular basis and if the creatures in the aquarium look healthy and are thriving. Simple test kits are available from specialist retailers for this purpose. there is a risk that while the first step is completed the second step is still in progress. temperature. For a time. experience shows that many water chemistry factors do not require to be measured. 33 . because it contains too much nitrite. Some should be measured regularly (e.g. if appropriate ■ Keep density in the normal range (1. using a standard test solution. If you set up and maintain your Nano Marinus Cube in accordance with the Dennerle Easy Care system. experience shows that you will not encounter raised nitrite levels. however. You can check the nitrite level quite simply.024) ■ Extract micro-algae or remove by mechanical means Slimy algae Thread algae Diatoms Optimum sea water Many water quality parameters are measurable.05. nitrite.

0–8. provided that you use the supplied cover panel.. however! Aquarium fans are commercially available which enable the temperature to be lowered by 2-4 °C by means of evaporative cooling (evaporated water should be replaced at regular intervals!). you can place the Nano Cube in a cooler spot during hot periods. When things get too hot. and that the temperature in the room containing the aquarium does not rise above 26 °C during the day.3 Carbonate hardness 6–12 °d Calcium 400–450 mg/l Magnesium Nitrite Nitrate Phosphate 1300-1350 0 < 20 < 0. Welcome to a whole new world! 34 . biologically stable Cube. The ideal temperature for keeping tropical marine creatures is approx.. Alternatively. Discover the fantastic world of tropical coral reefs. The water temperature should not rise above 28 °C.Prospekt_Nano_Marinus_962_GB:Layout 1 16. display poor growth or even die. 3-4 days without feeding are no problem for an up-and-running.1 mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l What about holiday times? You need to leave your Nano Marinus Cube unattended for a week? No problem. During hot summer periods.2011 15:29 Seite 34 Accurate measurements of individual water values are only necessary when corals appear unhealthy. 25 °C. several days involving a higher temperature of 26-27 °C do not pose a problem for most of the creatures. If you are planning to go on holiday for a longer period.023 Temperature 25°C pH value 8. which drastically reduces water evaporation. With the new Dennerle Nano Marinus system: Fascinatingly simple – simple fascinating. Recommended water values Density 1. it is best to instruct friends or neighbours on feeding and water changing and to prepare the sea water in advance.05.

No guarantee can be provided for this information. Dennerle GmbH holds all the rights to this work. All the information provided in this guide has been checked thoroughly and corresponds to current knowledge and findings. The same shall apply in particular to duplication. D-66957 Vinningen. The authors and Dennerle GmbH shall not be liable for any cases of injury. Any exploitation beyond the limits defined by copyright law shall be inadmissible without the consent of Dennerle GmbH and shall constitute a punishable offence. Chris Lukhaup Computer graphics and composition: Timo Fledie (Dennerle GmbH) © 2010 Dennerle GmbH. damage to property or financial loss. The entire work is protected by copyright. however. Dennerle GmbH Photographs: Nautilus picture archive Daniel Knop.Prospekt_Nano_Marinus_962_GB:Layout 1 16. Carsten Gretenkord. 35 .2011 15:29 Seite 35 Publisher's details Concept and text (responsible): Dr. microfilming. Germany. Martin Grund (Dennerle GmbH). storage and processing in electronic systems and translations.05.

dennerle.2011 15:29 Seite 36 Discover the beauty of marine aquascapes with Nano Marinus Dennerle GmbH D-66957 Vinningen 2392-0111 Experience nature .Prospekt_Nano_Marinus_962_GB:Layout 1 16.05.