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cfd tutorial t3

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- Heat Conduction
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You are on page 1of 6

National Mission of Education Through ICT

(MHRD, Govt. of India)

Unsteady State Heat Conduction

Rate of change of Internal Energy = Heat Gained by

(Conduction + Heat Generation)

qr r r r

qcond

cp

(q ) (q )

lim

0

r

(qr ) r r r r (qr ) r r

lim

r r

r 0

q r

q r

qr r

T

1 q rqr

kT

T

r

qgen

qgen

2

t

r

r

r r

r r

2

6/7/2012

Unsteady State Heat Conduction

T n1 TPn

VP c p P

Qcond P QgenP

t

I Level of Approximation: Surface Averaging to

qn x

calculate heat flux at CV Faces

n

Conduction Heat Transfer Gain

Qcond P

f w ,s

q f S f

f e , n

w

q

q f S f w y

State Heat Conduction

II Level of Approximation: piecewise linear

approximation

N

e qe y

s q x

s

qex

T T

T T

qe k E P ; qw k P W

rPe

rPw

qn k

qw y

T T

TN TP

; qs k P S

rn

rs

n

P e qey

w s

qsx

VP c p

cp

T T

T T

T

k

rP

rs P

t

rs

rP w

n

n

n

n

TE TP

TN TP

k

rP

rn P q VP

rn

rP e

n 1

P

n

P

n

P

n

W

n

P

n

S

T n TWn

T n TSn rs

TPn 1 TPn

k 2 P

P

t

rP rs rP

rP P w

T n TPn

T n TPn rn

k 2E

rP N

q

rP rn rP

rP P e

Physical

i

Domain

1,imax

jmax

j

Boundary CVs:

i=1 & imax;

j=2 to jmax-1

j=1 & jmax;

i=2 to imax-1

Interior CVs:

i=2 to imax-2;

j=2 to jmax-2

6/7/2012

Heat Fluxes and Temperature

Computational Domain

jmax

A Pseudo Code:

2-D Unsteady State Conduction

Calculate Heat Flux in r-Direction

For j=1,jmax-1

For i=2,imax-1

deltar_f(j,i)=rcell(j+1,i)=rcell(j,i)

qr(j,i)=-k (T(j+1,i) T(j,i))

/deltar_f(j,i)

end; end

qr(j,i)

N

W

qt(j,i)

T(j,i)

S

1

imax

Qcond(j,i)=(qt(j,i-1))-qt(j,i))*deltar + (qr(j-1,i) )*r(j-1,i )-qr(j,i)*r(j,i))*deltatheta

T(j,i)=T(j,i)+(dt/(rho*cp*dV)) * Qcond(j,i)

Constant Temperature on the Boundary

L1 Tb4

1: COPPER

2: IRON

Tb1

Tb3

4:STAINLESS

STEEL

AISI 304

L2

3:ALUMINUM

Tb2

6/7/2012

jmax

L2

N

W

1

S

1

imax

Boundary CVs:

i=1 & imax;

j=2 to jmax-1

j=1 & jmax;

i=2 to imax-1

Border CVs:

i=2 & imax-1;

j=2 to jmax-1

j=2 & jmax-1;

i=2 to imax-1

Interior CVs:

i=2 to imax-1;

j=2 to jmax-1

Interface Treatment

Harmonic Mean of the Properties at the Interface

T T

ke1 ke 2

qe ke E P

E

P e

W

xe

TE TP

x e / 2 k e1 x e / 2 k e 2

2 1

1

k e k e1 k e 2

Tb1=1000C, Tb2=2000C,

Tb3=3000C, Tb4=4000C

Tb1=1000C, Tb2=2000C,

Tb3=3000C, Tb4=4000C

400

400

360

350 350

25

0

310

34 0

21

15 0

310

0 20

0.6

360

0

35

34 35

0 0

0.8

400

400

390

30

22

300

300

0

26

25

210

200

0.5

TEMP

400

350

300

250

200

150

100

300

0200

0

290

300

0.2

280

300

2 50

0.4

200

Steady State

Temperature (Line

and Flooded)

Contours

1250

20

150

Unsteady State

Temperature (Line

and Flooded)

Contours

xe / 2

150

L1

250

6/7/2012

Thermal BCs

h,T

L1

COPPER

Tb1=1000C,

h=100W/m2.K, T=300C

k=63.9W/m.K,

qW=10KW/m2

qW

IRON

L2

TW

STAINLESS

STEEL

AISI 304

Unsteady State

Temperature (Line

and Flooded)

Contours

ALUMINUM

Insulated

Example: Steel Plate

Tb1=1000C,

h=100W/m2.K, T=300C

k=63.9W/m.K,

qW=10KW/m2

12

0.9

140

11

100

0.7

12

150

0.6

14

110

0.4

130

0.5

120

0.3

0.2

110

0.1

130

Steady State

Temperature (Line

and Flooded)

Contours

13

0.8

0.5

98510

TEMP

150

140

130

120

110

100

90

80

70

60

50

40

30

Non-Linear

Heat Conduction

6/7/2012

Transfer

L

T1

T2

i=1 2

3 w4

5

6 7

e

W

P

E

Governing Equation:

Exact Solution:

T T1

Heat Transfer

Pure Iron (T<1000K): k0 135.7778; b 0.000794

b T 2 T12

2

Thermal Conductivity:

b T22 T12 x

T2 T1

2

L

T n TWn

T n1 TPn

T n TPn

VP c p P

ken E

Se kwn P

S w

t

xe

xw

of temperature and then use the updated value of k to

calculate temperature for new time level.

Thus, calculation of k is lagged by one time step.

Heat Transfer

Thermal Conductivity:

T1 0 C ; T2 100 C ;

0

k0 1W / m.K

K

Tx=0.5

(T1-T2)

1 1-101 70.4

0

1

50

-0.01 1-0

29.3

100

k=k0(1+bT)

b=1.0

b=0

b=-0.01

80

60

40

20

0

0

0.25

0.5

x

0.75

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