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CALCULATE LOADS OF FRANCIS TURBINE

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- DSG-SE-02 Tank Found Concrete Ring Wall

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form

Fsv

Fsu

Fsh

Fh

Fa

Fzv

Fzh

SR

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

SR

description

VERTICAL FORCE ON FOUNDATION

Min VERTICAL FORCE ON FOUNDATION

Horizontal FORCE ON FOUNDATION

axial force

anchor force

vertical force on cylinder bracket

horizontal force on cylinder bracket

causes

KN

FORCE

`1598

FORCE

`+500

FORCE

`+751

valve closure

prestressing force

cylinder opening force

cylinder force

`+987

INPUT DATA

SYMBOL

RHO_W

E

g

Mast

Masfg

Hd

DN

Dup

EARTHQUAKE

Mh

description

WATER DENSITY

ELASTIC MODULUS

EARTH GAVITY

ROTOR MASS

COUNTERWEIGHT MASS

DESIGN HEAD

NOMINAL DIAMETER BFV

NOMINAL DIAMETER U/S PIPE

EARTHQUAKE COEFFICIENT

(max value)

1

2

3

description

horizontal POSITION max uplift:

horizontal distance between servo & MIV

radius of counterweight

reaction force at MIV foundation

4

5

Mass force

SR

description

KN

`+575

`+ 270

40051 `+ 3055

250

2101 `+ 133

`+ 62

VALUE

1000

206000

9.807

35000

16000

208

4.2

5

0.36

4775

SYMBOL

VALUE

Rkol

Rfg

Fup_cw

=

Mmiv

Fmiv

=

SAFE

1200

2824

Rkol)/Rkol

212.35424

80000

Mmiv*g

784.56

SAFE

SYMBOL

VALUE

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

THRUST RING & MIV

MIV centre to joint flange distance

Penstock dia

Penstock wall thickness

Max HYDRAULIC torque on pipe rupture

mass of water in miv

Lel

Lth

Ljf

Dp

Sp

Mh (max value)

Mw_miv

8

9

Area Moment of inertia

k

Ip

10

formulaes

max deflection=

UNITS

KG/M3

Mpa

m/s2

KG

KG

M

m

m

KN-M

11

MH (upwards)

Fup_MH

12

here

delta=5qL^4/(E*I*384)

q=Fup_MH-(Mw_miv+Mmiv)

Page 1

FOR ASTM A36

FOR STKHEP 450MW

FOR STKHEP 450MW

FOR STKHEP 450MW

FOR STKHEP 450MW

FOR STKHEP 450MW

STK CALC AHPL?

UNITS

mm

mm

KN

KN

kg

KN

UNSAFE

LEVER ACTION

UNITS

40 m

11 m

0.87

m

5

m

0.025 m

4775 KN

h+Ljt)*RHO_W

164473.3314 kg

0.5 2*DN

Dp^4]

nt

0.6182096165 M^4

delta=5qL^4/(E*I*384)

E=modulus of elasticity

REMARKS

on base plates

on base plates

on base plates

thrust rings

per anchor

on base plates

on base plates

Max stress

y=

q=

L=

I=

max(Mh)*3/(k*DN)

6821.4285714286 KN

-355.7524009363

-237651.90282857

section=Ix=(pi*d^4)/64

sigma=(y*q*L^2)/(8I)

axis

force or uniform load

length of beam

area moment of inertia

MIV

SR

calculation of FORCEs

SYMBOL

1

2

description

Horizontal thrust force acting on cone

Max Horizontal thrust normal operation

Mass of water from MIV to first elbow

Additional Earthquake forces

VERTICAL FORCE ON FOUNDATION

Maximum at normal operation

Additional Earthquake forces

max at normal operation Fzu

Fsu

1

2

foundation(both plates)

Maximum at normal operation

Additional Earthquake forces

Fsh

Fsh_eq

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

Length of counterweight

Lever of servomotor

Servo Diameter

Max servo pressure

Force Servo max

Max at normal operation Fzv

Additional Earthquake forces Fzv_eq

rfg

rkol

Dservo

Pservo_max

Fservo

Fzv

Fzv_eq

1

2

Max at normal operation Fzh

Additional Earthquake forces Fzh_eq

Fzh

Fzh_eq

A

1

2

3

B

VALUE

UNITS

Fh

Mw_el

Fh_eq

40052.4788998816 KN

785398.163397448 KG

3055.305523838 KN

Hd*RHO_W*g*pi*D^2/4

(pi()*DP^2*g*Lel*RHO_w)/4

Mw_el*g*MCE+Mmiv*g*MCE

Fsv

Fsv_eq

1598.3666406932 KN

575.4119906496 KN

2/3(Mmiv+Mw_miv)*g

2/3(Mmiv+Mw_miv)*g*MCE

500.157 KN

Mu_ss=Poisson ratio

Fsv*Mu_ss

Fsv_eq*Mu_ss

751.2323211258

270.4436356053

2.824

1.2

0.35

180

1731.8029502914

2101.0691902914

132.9358464

M

M

M

bar

KN

KN

KN

987.5025194369 KN

62.479847808 KN

Page 2

Weight of Valve

1bar=100kN/sq.m

Pressure *Area

masg*g*rfg/rkol+Fservo

MCE*masg*g*rfg/rkol

Fzv*Mu_ss

Fzv_eq*Mu_ss

FRANCIS

sr

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

31

32

33

34

35

36

37

38

39

40

41

42

43

44

45

46

47

48

49

50

51

symbol

A Spin

A DTin

A DTout

A DThor

A DTlong

A Dtcross

A PS

A Piston

A piston_annular

A SPMM

BL DT

B max

B 45

D STz

D STi

D STa

D PS

D IT

E

F AxraT

F AxnomT

F AxlrT

g

G PN

GR

GS

G SP

G H2O,SP

G SP,AV

G ST

G H2O,ST

G ST,AV

G DT

G DR

G BR

G H2O,DT

G IT

G H2O,IT

h Conmax

h Conmax_DT

HWL

h DR

H 45

l IT

IT fixing

L con_diff

L con_diff_DT

M Tnom

description

value

units

area of entrance spiral case

13.8

m2

area of entrance draft tube

12.34

m2

area of exit draft tube

29.12

m2

projected concrete surface horizontal

50.09

m2

projected concrete surface lateral

11.07

m2

projected concrete surface vertical

12.53

m2

area penstock

13.85

m2

servomotor piston area

1385.4 mm2

servomotor piston annular area

1208.7 mm2

area spiral case mid of turbine

88.27

m2

temp. ext. Coefficient steel

0.000012 1/K

angle of draft tube

90

bottom level draft tube m

1789.3

maximal width draft tube mm

8350

width draft tube at 45 mm

7376

diameter of supports stayring mm

6440

inner diameter of stayring mm

5642.2

outer diameter of stayring mm

6714.2

diameter penstock mm

4200

diameter inlet tube 4200 mm

4200

temperature difference K

-20

elasticity steel N/mm2

210000

axial thrust (runaway T) 0 N

0

axial thrust (nominal T) 0 N

0

axial thrust (load rejection T) 0 N

0

acceleration due to gravity m/s2

9.781

weight of pier nose - kg

0

weight of runner kg

44000

weight of shaft kg

85619.5

weight of spiral case kg

61600

weight of waterfilling in spiral case kg

245800

weight of bulkhead kg

6800

weight of stayring with support kg

85619.5

weight of waterfilling in stayring kg

9300

weight of inner pressure test ring/ring gate kg

20050

weight of draft tube kg

31000

weight draft tube cone (not embedded)

25000 kg

weight of bottom ring kg

21800

weight of waterfilling in draft tube kg

373000

weight of inlet tube kg

20224

weight of waterfilling in inlet tube kg

90081

height of green concrete spiral case mm

1500

height of green concrete draft tube

1500 mmHWL

headwater level max. m

1956

turbine setting level (WG centre line) m

1802.9

height draft tube at 45 mm

4213

length inlet tube mm

6500

outer fixing inlet pipe SUPPORTS

max. different concreting levels mm

250

max. different concreting levels 250 mm

250

torque of turbine Nm

10035

Page 3

remarks

FRANCIS

52

53

54

55

56

57

58

59

60

61

62

63

64

65

66

67

68

69

70

71

72

73

74

75

76

77

p max

p cl

p op

p SPcon

Q Tnom

Q Tlr

Q Tra

Con

H2O

Steel

SP fixing

s IT

s PS

T2

TWL

WH

YR max

z DThorcross

z DThorlong

z DTvert

z f_SP

z SP

z ST

z IT

z f_IT

z PN

closing oil pressure bar

opening oil pressure bar

pressure in spiral case during concreting

discharge (nominal) turbine m3/s

discharge (load rejection) turbine m3/s

discharge (runaway) turbine m3/s

density of concrete kg/m3

density of water kg/m3

density of steel kg/m3

outer fixing spiral thickness inlet tube mm

thickness penstock 30 mm

tang. force brake activated 0 kN

tailwater level min. m

Waterhammer %

coordinate of hydr. shape draft tube mm

number of supports draft tube horizontal _

number of supports draft tube horizontal _

number of supports draft tube vertical _

number of foundations spiral _

number of supports/cables spiral case _

number of supports stayring _

number of supports/cables inlet tube _

number of foundations inlet pipe _

number of supports piernose 0 _2.

4.1 Vertical forces

4.1.1 Vertical forces on supports of stayring V1A

The load on each support of the stayring during erection amounts:

V 1A =

(G SP + G ST)*g/(z SP + z f_SP + z ST)

V 1A

32.7262256705 KN

4.1.2 Vertical forces on supports of spiral case V3A, V4A

The load on each steel-support V3A and on each concrete-support V4A of the spiral case during

erection amounts:

V 3A =

(G SP + G ST)*g/(z SP + z f_SP + z ST)

V 3A

32.7262256705

V 4A =

n. e

V 4A

32.7262256705

4.1.3 Vertical forces on supports of inlet tube V6A, V7A

The load on each steel cable V6A and on each concrete-support V7A of the inlet tube during

erection is calculated as follows:

V 6A =

G ITg/(z IT + z f_IT)

V 6A

21.98 KN

V 7A =

G ITg/(z IT + z f_IT)

V 7A

21.98 KN

4.1.4 Vertical forces on supports of draft tube V9A

The load on each support of the draft tube during erection is calculated as follows:

V 9A =

G DTg/z Dtvert

V 9A

17.8359411765 KN

4.1.5 Vertical forces on inlet of draft tube V11A

During erection, the weight of runner and shaft will be set down on the top of the draft tube cone

Page 4

64

41

41

7.5 bar

150.83

50

113

2500

1000.3

7860

SUPPORTS

30

30

0

1810.31

23.007157

7383

14

6

17

8

16

20

6

3

0

FRANCIS

(first section). This load is calculated as follows:

V 11A = g (G R + G S)

V 11A

1267.8083295 117TONNES SHAFT FOE 1583

V11A will be distributed over the already concrete embedded draft tube entrance circular section,

but is only acting during erection or later revision works.

4.1.6 Vertical forces on supports of piernose V12A

The load on each support of the piernose during erection is calculated as follows:

V 12A =

g G PN/z PN

#DIV/0!

-n.e.- : This draft tube is designed without steel lined draft tube piernose.

4.1.7Vertical forces on supports of inlet valve servo V13A

The load on the support of the inlet valve servo during erection amounts:

V 13A

-n.e.-n.e.-: Separate calculation

4.1.8 Vertical forces on supports of inlet valve V14A

The load on the supports of the inlet valve during erection is calculated as follows:

V 14A = g (G IV,TOT G H2O,IV )

V 14A

-n.e.-n.e.-: Separate calculation

4.2

Horizontal forces

4.2.1Horizontal forces on supports of draft tube H2A

The load on each horizontal support of the draft tube during erection is a tractive/pressure force

and approximately calculated as follows:

H 2Across = H 2Along = 25% V 9A

+ 4.4589852941

KN

5

The following forces only exist in case of pressure test of spiral case. These loads are acting

before final concreting with waterfilling.

5.1 Vertical forces

5.1.1

Vertical forces on supports of stayring V1B

The load on each support of the stayring during pressure test amounts:

V 1B =

(G SP + G H2O,SP + G ST + G H2O,ST + G STAV)g/(z SP + z f_SP + z ST)

V 1B

93.8908199886 KN

5.1.2

Vertical forces on supports of spiral case V3B, V4B

The load on each steel-support V3B and on each concrete-support V4B of the spiral case during

pressure test amounts:

V 3B =

(G SP + G H2O,SP + G ST + G H2O,ST + G STAV)g/(z SP + z f_SP + z ST)

V 3B

93.8908199886

V 4B =

(G SP + G H2O,SP + G ST + G H2O,ST + G STAV)g/(z SP + z f_SP + z ST)

V 4B

93.8908199886

5.1.3 Vertical forces on supports of inlet tube V6B, V7B

The load on each steel-support V6B and on each concrete-support V7B of the inlet tube during

pressure test is calculated as follows:

V 6B =

(G IT + G H2OIT + G SPAV)g/(z IT + z f_IT)

V 6B

127.2671116667 KN

V 7B =

(G IT + G H2OIT + G SPAV)g/(z IT + z f_IT)

V 7B

127.2671116667

6.1

Vertical forces

The loads on the supports during concreting are calculated as the weight of the corresponding part

Page 5

FRANCIS

(with or without water, which depends on a pressure test) minus the uplift of the corresponding

part. The maximal volume which causes the uplift is approximately the product of the projected

area of the corresponding part and the vertical height calculated with the max. concreting velocity

x solidification time.

6.1.1

Vertical forces on supports of stayring V1C

The load on each support of the stayring during concreting amounts:

V 1C =

(F con,uplift,SPST + (G SP + G H2O,SP + G ST + G H2O,ST + G STAV ) g)/ (z SP + z f_SP + z

V 1C

1.0000018068 KN

Fcon,uplift,spst

-4087196

4131196

44

6.1.2 Vertical forces on supports of spiral case V3C, V4C

The load on each steel-support V3C and on each concrete-support V4C of the spiral case during

concreting amounts:

V 3C =(F con,uplift,SPST +( G SP + G H2O,SP + G ST + G H2O,ST + G STAV) g)/ (z SP + z f_SP + z ST)

V 3C

1.0000018068 KN

V 4C=(F con,uplift,SPST +( G SP + G H2O,SP + G ST + G H2O,ST + G STAV) g)/ (z SP + z f_SP + z ST)

V 4C

1.0000018068 KN

6.1.3

Vertical forces on supports of inlet tube V6C, V7C

The load on each steel-support V6C and on each concrete-support V7C of the inlet tube during

concreting is calculated as follows:

V 6C =

(F con,uplift,IT + (G IT + G H2O,IT + G SPAV ) g)/(z IT + z f_IT)

V 6C

1145404

9 -1001401

16.0003338889 KN

V 7C =

(F con,uplift,IT + (G IT + G H2OIT + G SPAV ) g)/(z IT + z f_IT)

V 7C

16.0003338889 KN

6.1.4 Vertical forces on supports of draft tube V9C

The load on each support of the draft tube during concreting is calculated as follows:

V 9C = V 9A/B (g con A DThor h conmax)/ z Dtvert

-90.2369169118 KN

6.2 Horizontal forces

6.2.1

Horizontal forces on supports of draft tube H2C

The load on each horizontal support (cross) of the draft tube during concreting is a tractive /

pressure force due to unequal concreting:

H 2crossC =A Dtcross/z Dthorcross g con L CONdiff_DT

5.471246875 KN

The load on each horizontal support (longitudinal) of the draft tube during concreting due to

unbalanced concrete area:

H 2longC =

A Dtlong/z Dthorlong p con

4.6125 KN

Loads during standstill (D)

7.1

Vertical forces

7.1.1

Vertical forces on stayring V2D

The load during standstill acting on the concrete around the stayring amounts:

V 2D = F BR F HC + G ST + G H2O,ST +(G SP + G H2O,SP)/3

If V2 is positive, this force will press on the concrete (bottom of stayring). If V2 is negative, this

force is divided into two forces

This force is divided into a traction force on the anchors (down 80%) and a pressure force on the

concrete (up 20%)

V 2Dup = 215 kN

V 2Down = - 858 kN

7.1.2 Vertical forces on spiral case V5D

The load during standstill acting on the concrete around the spiral case is calculated as follows:

V 5D = g (G SP + G H2O,SP)

Page 6

FRANCIS

3006.6794 KN

7.1.3 Vertical forces on inlet tube V8D

The load during standstill acting on the concrete around the inlet tube is calculated as follows:

V 8D = g ( G IT + G H2O,IT)

1078.893205 KN

7.1.4 Vertical forces on draft tube V10D

The load during standstill acting on the concrete around the draft tube is calculated as follows:

V 10D = g (G DT + G H2O,DT)

3951.524 KN

7.1.5 Vertical forces on inlet of draft tube V11D

The load during standstill acting on the concrete around the inlet of the draft tube amounts:

V 11D = G DR g +1/3 (F BR + G BR g)

7.1.6 Vertical forces on supports of inlet valve servomotor V13D

The loads on each support of the inlet valve servomotor during standstill amounts:

V 13D

-n.e.-n.e.-: Separate calculation

7.1.7 Vertical forces on supports of inlet valve V14D

The load on the supports of the inlet valve during standstill is calculated as follows:

V 14D = g G IV,TOT

see MIV calc

7.1.8 Vertical forces on supports of upper guide bearing V15D

The load on each support of the bearing support in standstill amounts:

V 15D

generator calculation

7.2

Horizontal forces

7.2.1

Horizontal forces on guidevane-servomotor H4Dop/H4Dcl

The load caused from the hydraulic torque on guidevanes is calculated as follows:

Opening force:

Pop in N/mm2

Area in m2

H 4Dop = p op A Piston

4.1

1385.4

5.68014 KN

Closing force

H 4Dcl = p cl A Piston_annular

4.1

0.0012087

4.95567 KN

7.2.2

Horizontal forces on spiral case and inlet H5D

The load caused from pressure in the penstock and inlet impulse is calculated as follows:

H 5D = (HWL h DR) A SPin H 2 O g

H 5D

20671.300710354 KN

7.2.3

Horizontal forces on penstock H7D

The load caused from thermal elongation and pressure in the penstock and outlet impulse is

calculated as follows:

H 7D = (HWL h DR) A PS H 2 O g

H 7D

20746.1967274205 KN

7.2.4

Horizontal forces on foundation inlet valve H8D

The load on the supports of the inlet valve during standstill amounts:

H 8D

-n.e.-n.e.-: Separate calculation

7.3

Pressure

7.3.1

Pressure on concrete around the spiral case P1D

Due to the pressure in the spiral case the pressure on the concrete is approximately calculated as

follows:

P 1D =

(1/2)*((HWL h DR ) H2O g p Spcon)

373960.170665

373.960170665 kPa

7.3.2

Pressure on concrete around the draft tube P2D

Page 7

FRANCIS

P 2D = (TWL BL DT) H2O g

205.560459643 kPa

Loads during normal operation turbine (E)

8.1

Vertical forces

8.1.1

Vertical forces on stayring V2E

The load during operation acting on the concrete around the stayring amounts:

V 2E = (F BR F HC) + G ST + G H2O,ST +(G ST + G H2O,SP)/3

=

If V2 is positive, this force will press on the concrete (bottom of stayring). If V2 is negative, this

force is divided into two forces

This force is divided into a traction force on the anchors (down 80%) and a pressure force on the

concrete (up 20%)

V 2Eup = 1143 kN

V 2Edown = - 4570 kN

8.1.2 Vertical forces on spiral case V5E

The load during operation acting on the concrete around the spiral case is calculated as follows:

V 5E = g ( G SP + G H2O,SP)

3006.6794 KN

8.1.3

Vertical forces on inlet tube V8E

The load during operation acting on the concrete around the inlet tube is calculated as follows:

V 8E = g (G IT + G H2O,IT)

1078.893205 KN

8.1.4 Vertical forces on draft tube V10E

The load during operation acting on the concrete around the draft tube is calculated as follows:

V 10E = H2O Q Tnom^2*(1/A Dtin-cos/A Dtout)+g (G DT + G H2O,DT)

5795.6499162618 KN

Cos90=0

8.1.5 Vertical forces on inlet of draft tube V11E

The load during operation acting on the concrete around the inlet of the draft tube amounts:

V 11E = G DR g + 1/3 (F BR +G BR g)

8.1.6

Vertical forces on supports of inlet valve servo V13E

The load during operation acting on each support of the inlet valve servomotor amounts:

V 13E

-n.e.8.1.7

Vertical forces on inlet valve V14E

The load on the supports of the inlet valve during operation is calculated as follows:

V 14E = g G IV,TOT

-n.e.-n.e.-: Separate calculation

8.1.8

Vertical forces on supports of upper guide bearing V15E

The load on each support of the bearing support during operation amounts:

V 15E

-n.e.- Will be defined by the generator supplier

8.2

Horizontal forces

8.2.1

Radial force on spiral case H1E

The load caused from the radial hydraulic thrust, acting stochastically around the lower part of the

pit liner is determined to be:

H 1E

573 KN

8.2.2

Horizontal forces on draft tube H3E

The load caused from the outlet impulse acting distributed on the draft tube is calculated as

follows:

H 3E = H2O Q Tnom^2/A Dtout sin

781.4736884159 KN

Sin90=1

8.2.3

Horizontal forces on guidevane-servomotor H4Eop/H4Ecl

The load caused from the hydraulic torque on guidevanes is calculated as follows:

Opening force:

Page 8

FRANCIS

H 4Eop = p op A Piston

5.68014 KN

Closing force

H 4Ecl = p cl A Piston_annular

4.95567 KN

8.2.4 Horizontal forces on spiral case and inlet H5E

The load caused from pressure in the penstock and inlet impulse is calculated as follows:

H 5E = H 5D +

H2O Q Tnom^2/A spin

22320.3234499678 KN

The value H5 is distributed between inlet flange (1/3) and spiral casing (2/3)

8.2.5 Horizontal forces on supports of upper guide bearing H6E

This value depends on the magnetic pull and will be given by the manufacturer of the generator.

H 6E

8.2.6

Horizontal forces on penstock H7E

The load caused from thermal elongation and pressure in the penstock and outlet impulse is

calculated as follows:

H 7E = H 7D +

H2O Q Tnom^2/A ps

22389.2663163497 KN

8.2.7 Horizontal forces on foundation inlet valve H8E

The load on the supports of the inlet valve during operation amounts:

H 8E

supplied separately

8.3

Tangential forces

'8.3.1 Tangential forces on stayring T1E

The tangential force caused by the hydraulic torque of pump turbine will be carried over from the

embedded spiral case/stayring into the concrete and is calculated as follows: (T1 acts per support

under stayring)

T 1E =

2 Mtnom/(z ST D Stz)

155.8229813665 KN

8.3.2 Tangential forces on supports of upper guide bearing T2E

The load is acting on the foundation of the generator brake. This value will be given from the

generator supplier.

8.4

Pressure

8.4.1

Pressure on concrete around the spiral case P1E

Due to the pressure in the spiral case the pressure on the concrete is approximately calculated as

follows:

P 1E =

1/2*((HWL h DR) H2O g p SPcon) WH

459.971009918 kPa

8.4.2 Pressure on concrete around the draft tube P2E

The pressure in the draft tube is calculated as follows:

P 2E = 150% P 2D

308.3406894645 kPa

(transient)

Turbine: Loads during operation and worst conditions (F)

The following forces are under worst conditions including load rejection.

9.1

Vertical forces

9.1.1

Vertical forces on stayring V2F

The load acting on the concrete under the stayring amounts:

V 2F = F BR F HC + G ST + G H2O,ST +(G ST + G H2O,SP)/3

If V2 is positive, this force will press on the concrete (bottom of stayring). If V2 is negative, this

force is divided into two forces

This force is divided into a traction force on the anchors (down 80%) and a pressure force on the

concrete (up 20%)

V 2Fup = 1722 kN

Page 9

FRANCIS

V 2Fdown = - 6886 kN

9.1.2 Vertical forces on spiral case V5F

The load acting on the concrete under the spiral case is calculated as follows:

V 5F = g (G SP + G H2O,SP)

3006.6794 KN

9.1.3

Vertical forces on inlet tube V8F

The load acting on the concrete under the inlet tube is calculated as follows:

V 8F = g (G IT + G H2O,IT)

1078.893205 KN

9.1.4 Vertical forces on draft tube V10F

The load acting on the concrete under the draft tube is calculated as follows:

V 10F = H2O Q Tlr^2*(1/A Dtin-cos/A Dtout)+g (G DT + G H2O,DT)

4154.1779708266 Cos90=0

9.1.5

Vertical forces on inlet of draft tube V11F

The load acting on the concrete around the inlet of the draft tube amounts:

V 11F = G DR g +1/3 (F BR +G BR g)

#VALUE! KN

9.1.6 Vertical forces on supports of inlet valve servo V13F

The load acting on each support of the inlet valve servomotor amounts:

V 13F

MIV calc

9.1.7

Vertical forces on inlet valve V14F

The load on the supports of the inlet valve amounts:

V 14F

MIV calc

9.1.8

Vertical forces on supports of upper guide bearing V15F

The load on each support of the bearing support amounts:

V 15F

generator calculation

9.2 Horizontal forces

9.2.1 Radial force on spiral case H1F

The load caused from the radial hydraulic thrust, acting stochastically around the lower part of the

pit liner is determined to be:

H 1F

9.2.2 Horizontal forces on draft tube H3F

The load caused from the outlet impulse acting distributed on the draft tube is calculated as

follows:

H 3F = H2O Q Tlr^2 sin /A Dtout

85.8774038462 KN

'9.2.3 Horizontal forces on guidevane-servomotor H4Fop/H4Fcl

The load caused from the hydraulic torque on guidevanes is calculated as follows:

Opening force:

H 4Fop = p max A Piston

8.86656 KN

Closing force

H 4Fcl = p max A Piston_annular

7.73568 KN

9.2.4

Horizontal forces on spiral case and inlet H5F

The load caused from pressure in the penstock and inlet impulse is calculated as follows:

H 5F = H 5D + H2O Q Tlr^2/A SPin

20852.5144784699 KN

The value H5 is distributed between inlet flange (1/3) and spiral casing (2/3)

9.2.5 Horizontal forces on supports of upper guide bearing H6F

This value depends on the magnetic pull and will be given by the manufacturer of the generator.

H 6F

generator calculation

9.2.6

Horizontal forces on penstock H7F

Page 10

FRANCIS

The load caused from thermal elongation and pressure in the penstock and outlet impulse is

calculated as follows:

H 7F = H 7D + H2O Q Tlr^2/A PS

20926.7562942075 KN

9.2.7 Horizontal forces on foundation inlet valve H8F

The load on the supports of the inlet valve amounts:

H 8F

9.3

Tangential forces

9.3.1 Tangential forces on stayring T1F

The tangential force caused by the hydraulic torque of pump turbine will be carried over from the

embedded spiral case/stayring into the concrete and is calculated as follows: (T1 acts per support

under stayring)

T 1F =

2 M Tnom Q Tlr^2/(z ST D Stz*Q Tnom^2)

17.1236387068 KN

9.4

Pressure

9.4.1

Pressure on concrete around the spiral case P1F

Due to the pressure in the spiral case the pressure on the concrete is approximately calculated as

follows:

P 1F =

1/2*((HWL h DR) H2O g p Spcon) WH

0.4599710099 MPa

9.4.2

Pressure on concrete around the draft tube P2F

The pressure in the draft tube is calculated as follows:

P 2F = 200% P 2D

411.120919286 kPa

(transient)

10 Turbine: Loads in case of runaway and emergency (G)

Following forces are calculated in case of runaway of the turbine or in case of emergency shut off

of the inlet valve.

10.1

Vertical forces

10.1.1

Vertical forces on stayring V2G

The load in case of runaway acting on the concrete around the stayring amounts:

V 2G = F BR F HC + G ST + G H2O,ST +(G ST + G H2O,SP)/3

KN

If V2 is positive, this force will press on the concrete (bottom of stayring). If V2 is negative, this

force is divided into two forces

This force is divided into a traction force on the anchors (down 80%) and a pressure force on the

concrete (up 20%)

V 2Gup = 1418 kN

V 2Gdown = - 5673 kN

10.1.2 Vertical forces on spiral case V5G

The load in case of runaway acting on the concrete around the spiral case is calculated as follows:

V 5G = g (G SP + G H2O,SP)

3006.6794 KN

10.1.3

Vertical forces on inlet tube V8G

The load in case of runaway acting on the concrete around the inlet tube is calculated as follows:

V 8G = g (G IT + G H2O,IT)

1078.893205 KN

10.1.4 Vertical forces on draft tube V10G

The load in case of runaway acting on the concrete around the draft tube is calculated as follows:

V 10G = H2O Q Tra^2*(1/A Dtin-cos/A Dtout)+g (G DT + G H2O,DT)

4986.5994213938 KN

10.1.5

Vertical forces on inlet of draft tube V11G

Page 11

FRANCIS

The load in case of runaway acting on the concrete around the inlet of the draft tube amounts:

V 11G = G DR g +1/3 (F BR + G BR g)

#VALUE! KN

10.1.6

Vertical forces on supports of inlet valve servo V13G

The load on each support of the inlet valve servomotor in case of emergency shutoff with the inlet

valve amounts:

V 13G

MIV calc

10.1.7

Vertical forces on supports of inlet valve V14G

The load on the supports of the inlet valve in case of emergency shutoff with the inlet valve

amounts:

V 14G

MIV calc

10.1.8

Vertical forces on supports of upper guide bearing V15G

The load on each support of the bearing support amounts:

V 15G

generator calculation

10.2

Horizontal forces

10.2.1 Radial force on spiral case H1G

The load caused from the radial hydraulic thrust, acting stochastically around the lower part of the

pit liner is determined to be:

H 1G

725 KN

10.2.2

Horizontal forces on draft tube H3G

The load caused from the outlet impulse acting distributed on the draft tube is calculated as

follows:

H 3G = H2O Q Tra^2 sin /A Dtout

438.6274278846 KN

10.2.3

Horizontal forces on guideline-servomotor H4Gop/H4Gcl

The load caused from the hydraulic torque on guide vanes is calculated as follows:

Opening force:

H 4Gop = p max A Piston

8.86656 KN

Closing force

H 4Gcl = p max A Piston_annular

7.73568 KN

10.2.4

Horizontal forces on spiral case and inlet H5G

The load caused from pressure in the penstock and inlet impulse is calculated as follows:

H 5G = H 5D + H2O Q Tra^2/A Spin

21596.868152383 KN

The value H5 is distributed between inlet flange (1/3) and spiral casing (2/3)

10.2.5 Horizontal forces on supports of upper guide bearing H6G

This value depends on the magnetic pull and will be given by the manufacturer of the generator.

H 6G

generator calculation

10.2.6 Horizontal forces on penstock H7G

The load caused from thermal elongation and pressure in the penstock and outlet impulse is

calculated as follows:

H 7G = H 7D + H2O Q Tra^2/A PS

21668.4227707418 KN

10.2.7 Horizontal forces on foundation inlet valve H8G

The load on the supports of the inlet valve in case of emergency shutoff with the inlet valve

amounts:

MIV calc

H 8G

10.3 Tangential forces

10.3.1

Tangential forces on stayring T1G

The tangential force caused by the hydraulic torque of pump turbine will be carried over from the

embedded spiral case/stayring into the concrete and is calculated as follows: (T1 acts per support

Page 12

FRANCIS

under stayring)

T 1G

87.460697059 KN

10.4

Pressure

10.4.1

Pressure on concrete around the spiral case P1G

Due to the pressure in the spiral case the pressure on the concrete is approximately calculated as

follows:

P 1G =

1/2( (HWL h DR ) H2O g p Spcon)

373.960170665 kPa

10.4.2 Pressure on concrete around the draft tube P2G

The pressure in the draft tube is calculated as follows:

P 2G = 200% P 2D

411.120919286 kPa

transient

11 Additional Loads

11.1 additional Vertical forces VADD

NIL

11.2 additional horizontal forces HADD

NIL

11.3 Additional Tangential forces TADD

NIL

11.4 additional pressure forces PADD

NIL

12 Forces during normal operation with earthquake

Additional acceleration of the non-concreted machine parts

12.1 Vertical forces

The vertical earthquake factor V is given by:

V=

0.18*g

1.76058 KN

The forces during an earthquake can be found in the results table in Chapter 3. These forces

include the additional vertical force amplitude FVA:

F VA = m V

12.2 Horizontal forces

The horizontal seismic factor H is given by:

H =0,36

g

The forces generated during an earthquake can be found in the results table in Chapter 3. These

forces include the additional horizontal force amplitude FHA:

F HA = m H

Page 13

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