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1750 MW ARABELLE STEAM TURBINE for FLAMANVILLE 3

TM

Setting a new world record for the power generated by a single engine
Key features

EDF Energy
22/30 Avenue de Wagram
75008 Paris, France
Tel: +33 (0)1 40 42 46 37
www.edf.com

ALSTOM Power
Brown Boveri Strasse 7
5401 Baden, Switzerland
Tel: +41 (0)56 205 77 75
www.power.alstom.com

Main data for turbine island

IP section. Alone among large nuclear steam turbines, the ARABELLE architecture
employs single flow HP and IP cylinders, contained in a combined HP/IP (HIP) casing
for compactness. The incoming main steam expands in the single flow HP cylinder and
is then fed to the vertical moisture separator reheaters (MSRs), where it is superheated
in two stages, and then sent to the single flow IP cylinder of the turbine. This IP section
is unique to ARABELLE .
TM

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Maximal use of single flow expansion. ARABELLE s maximal use of single flow
expansion, accounting for 60% of the total expansion, is a major contributor to its overall high efficiency.
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Large LP exhaust and biggest LSB. Flamanville 3 has an LP exhaust area of 155 m ,
with Alstoms longest last stage blades to date another contributor to high efficiency.
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Two stage vertical MSR. The two-stage moisture separator reheaters contribute to
improved performance. The vertical MSRs at Flamanville 3 are a first for French PWRs.
Ease of maintenance. The LP inner casings are independent of the LP exhaust
hoods, allowing LP turbine assembly to be independent of the condenser and the shaftline to be aligned without exhaust hood dismantling. Having the IP/LP pipework below
the turbine table improves access for LP module maintenance.
Welded rotors. Use of welded rotors, a well established feature of Alstom turbines,
reduces the risk of stress corrosion cracking and also has supply chain advantages
because the forgings required are relatively small.

Installed capacity, gross (MWe) 1750


Type of turbine
ARABELLE

TM

Turbine architecture
Combined HP/IP casing +

3 double-flow LP
Turbine blading technology
Impulse
Turbine rotor technology
Welded
Rotating speed (rpm)
1500
Last stage blade length (mm)
1750
LP exhaust area (m)
155
Main steam pressure (bar)
75
Main steam temperature (C)
290
Reheat steam pressure (bar)
11
Reheat steam temperature (C) 275
Condenser pressure (mbar)
46
Moisture separator reheaters
2 x vertical 2-stage
Generator type and rating (MVA) GIGATOP 4-pole, 2000
Generator cooling
Hydrogen and water
Generator voltage (kV)
23
Generator power factor
0.9
Circulating water pumps
2 x 50% concrete volute
Circulating water flow (m /s)
61

Unit 3 turbine hall and reactor illustration courtesy EDF

Photograph of Flamanville site, with artists impression of unit 3 illustration courtesy EDF

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Key components
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3
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Main steam pipes


Main stop and control valves
HP/IP module
MSR (moisture separator reheater)
MSR condensate recovery tanks
Heating steam inlets to MSR
Reheat stop and intercept valves
LP inner casing
LP exhaust hood
Generator
Exciter
Condenser

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Circulating water pipe


Condensate extraction
pumps
Turbine bypass
IP/LP crossover pipes
Condenser water boxes
Deaerator
Feedwater pumps
Lube oil tank
Isolated phase bus
HP heaters
LP heaters

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20

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HP

LP

IP

(1 of 3)

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MSR

CONDENSER
CR TANK
CIRCULATING WATER SYSTEM
(OPEN CIRCUIT)

from HP
exhaust DEAERATOR

MSR CR
PUMP

TANK

Progressive House, 2 Maidstone Road,


Foots Cray,, Kent, DA14 5HZ,
United Kingdom.
Tel: +44 (0)20 8269 7766
www.modernpowersystems.com

Location map

Designed and illustrated by Clive Baker


email: images@clive-baker.co.uk

NUCLEAR
STEAM
SUPPLY
SYSTEM

from IP
from IP exhaust

HP HEATERS FEEDWATER
PUMP

Simplified schematic diagram

LP HEATERS

CONDENSATE
EXTRACTION PUMP

Steam
Extraction steam for feedwater heating
Condensate and feedwater
Cooling water
Note:
MSR = Moisture separator reheater
CR = Condensate recovery

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