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System Manual

Closed Cooling Water System

Owner:
TRUenergy Tallawarra Pty Ltd

Contractor:
ALSTOM Power Limited

TALLAWARRA Combined Cycle Power Plant

Revision History
Rev.

Revision Date

Created by

Checked by

Approved by

Description

Description latest Revision:

Replaces

ALSTOM Document Code

TWA/00/M/PG--------/DM/001
Responsible dept.

Created by

Checked by

Approved by

Format

PEE3

Schultz A.

Koerner J.

Koerner J.

A4

Originator

Document Type

Document Status

abcd

Technical Specification (TS)

Electronically released

Title, Subtitle

Identification number

Turbo-Systems /
Power Environment

System Manual
Closed Cooling Water System

1AHA054179
Rev.

Date

Lang.

Sheet

21.11.2006

en

1/1

Template No.: GGG/00/-/EQA---/FT/302E (released with Work Instruction GGG/00/-/EQA---/WI/306)


ALSTOM 2006. All rights reserved.

Copyright
All rights reserved
Copyright 2006 ALSTOM (Switzerland) Ltd.
CH-5401 Baden, Brown Boveri Strasse 7
Printed in Switzerland
We reserve all rights in this document and in the information contained herein. Reproduction, use or
disclosure to third parties without express authority is strictly forbidden.
This work, including all parts thereof, is protected by copyright. Any use of it beyond the narrow
restrictions of the copyright law without prior approval of ALSTOM (Switzerland) Ltd., CH-5401 Baden is
prohibited and subject to punishment under the applicable law.
The above pertains in particular to reproduction, translation, microfilming, and electronic data processing.

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Table of Contents
1.

2.

3.

4.

Introduction .........................................................................................................................................................15
1.1.

Purpose............................................................................................................................................................15

1.2.

System Overview ............................................................................................................................................15

1.2.1.

Main Components ...................................................................................................................15

1.2.2.

Heat Sources ..........................................................................................................................16

Safety Instructions .............................................................................................................................................18


2.1.

General Safety Instructions ............................................................................................................................18

2.2.

System-specific Safety Instructions................................................................................................................18

System Description............................................................................................................................................21
3.1.

Overview..........................................................................................................................................................21

3.2.

Components ....................................................................................................................................................21

3.3.

Normal Operation............................................................................................................................................21

Operation .............................................................................................................................................................24
4.1.

General Information ........................................................................................................................................24

4.1.1.

Specific Safety Instructions .....................................................................................................24

4.1.2.

Component Operating Instructions .........................................................................................24

4.2.

Conditions Prior to Start-up.............................................................................................................................24

4.2.1.

Cleaning ..................................................................................................................................25

4.2.2.

CCWS Initial Filling Procedure................................................................................................25

4.2.3.

Corrosion inhibitor ...................................................................................................................26

4.2.4.

Component Condition prior to Start-Up...................................................................................27

4.3.

Start-up ............................................................................................................................................................31

4.3.1.

System Start-Up......................................................................................................................31

4.3.2.

Check up Actions after System Start-Up ................................................................................31

4.4.

Shut-down........................................................................................................................................................32

4.4.1.

Normal Shut-down ..................................................................................................................32

4.4.2.

Immediate Shut-down .............................................................................................................32

4.5.

Proper Operation.............................................................................................................................................32

4.5.1.

Hydraulic Balance ...................................................................................................................32

4.5.2.

Water Chemistry .....................................................................................................................32

4.5.3.

Freeze Protection....................................................................................................................33

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Table of Contents

4.5.4.

Temperature ........................................................................................................................... 33

4.5.5.

Pressure ................................................................................................................................. 33

4.5.6.

Water Levels in CCW head tank ............................................................................................ 34

4.5.7.

Pressurised expansion device..................................................Error! Bookmark not defined.

4.5.8.

CCW Pumps........................................................................................................................... 34

4.5.9.

CCW Intercooler Water/Water................................................................................................ 34

4.5.10.

CCW Intercooler water/air fans PGD11 to 16AC001/AN001 ...Error! Bookmark not defined.

4.5.11.

H2 Gas Separation.................................................................................................................. 35

4.5.12.

Fuel Gas Separation N/A..........................................................Error! Bookmark not defined.

4.5.13.

Pressure control before ST Generator H2 Coolers...................Error! Bookmark not defined.

4.5.14.

CCW Intercooler water/air and where applicable peak cooling air humidification
system with local control and remote signal exchange to DCSError! Bookmark not defined.

4.6.

Inadmissible Operation ...................................................................................................................................35

4.7.

Other Operation Modes ..................................................................................................................................35

4.7.1.

Failure of Component ............................................................................................................. 35

4.7.2.

Long-term Shut-downs ........................................................................................................... 35

4.7.3.

Standby .................................................................................................................................. 35

4.7.4.

Measures during Outages ...................................................................................................... 36

4.7.5.

Isolated Heat Source .............................................................................................................. 36

4.7.6.

Methods of Preservation for Isolated CCW Intercoolers ........................................................ 36

4.8.

5.

Major Component Data...................................................................................................................................37

4.8.1.

General ................................................................................................................................... 37

4.8.2.

CCW Pump............................................................................................................................. 37

4.8.3.

Tube & shell type CCW Intercooler Water/Water................................................................... 37

4.8.4.

CCW Intercooler Water/Air .......................................................Error! Bookmark not defined.

4.8.5.

CCW Head Tank .................................................................................................................... 37

4.8.6.

H2 Gas Separator ................................................................................................................... 37

4.8.7.

Fuel Gas Separator ..................................................................Error! Bookmark not defined.

Maintenance ........................................................................................................................................................39
5.1.

Specific Safety Precautions ............................................................................................................................39

5.2.

System-related Maintenance..........................................................................................................................39

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5.2.1.

System Drainage .................................................................................................................... 39

5.2.2.

CCW medium side refilling procedure.................................................................................... 39

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Table of Contents

6.

Appendices..........................................................................................................................................................40
6.1.

Hydraulic Head/Flow Chart of CCW Pump ...................................................................................................40

6.2.

Performance curve of CCW intercooler water/air......................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.

6.3.

Alarm List.........................................................................................................................................................42

6.4.

CCW Chemical Conditioning Sluice...............................................................................................................43

6.5.

Heat Sources Design and Operating Data ....................................................................................................44

6.6.

Related Documents and Diagrams................................................................................................................45

6.7.

Documents and Diagrams from connected Systems ...................................................................................45

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List of Tables
Table 1

Brief Description of Manual Contents .................................................................................11

Table 2

Abbreviations and Acronyms ..............................................................................................13

Table 4

Alarm List ............................................................................................................................42

Table 5

Heat Sources Design and Operating Data .........................................................................44

Table 6

Related Documents and Diagrams .....................................................................................45

Table 7

Documents and Diagrams from connected Systems..........................................................45

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List of Tables

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List of Figures
Figure 1

Head/Flow Chart CCW Pump .............................................................................................41

Figure 2

{Performance curve of CCW intercooler water/air}.............. Error! Bookmark not defined.

Figure 3

Chemical Conditioning Sluice .............................................................................................43

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List of Figures

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System Manual
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About this Manual


Purpose
This manual contains the essential information needed for safe and efficient handling and
maintenance of the described systems.
The information in this manual is compulsory reading matter for anyone
working with or at the systems and components. This means that every one
must understand what safety means. ALSTOM Power declines all
responsibility for personal injuries or material damages occurring as a result of
non-observance of the instructions and warnings in this manual!
Target Audience
This manual is written for everyone working on or with the described systems. It conveys
information for different user audiences to understand and fulfill their work and duties.
Manual Contents
Chapter

Title

Contents

Introduction

Provides an overview of the system and its components.

Safety Instructions

Describes the safety rules and general residual risks.

System Description

Describes the system and its components on a functional


level.

Operation

Describes the operation sequences required for routine


operational tasks and the standard operational phases.

Maintenance

Contains basic maintenance schedules and describes


various maintenance procedures.

Appendices

Contains miscellaneous additional information.

Table 1

Brief Description of Manual Contents

How to Use this Manual


This manual is a reference book. It requires application knowledge acquired in training
courses delivered by ALSTOM.
There are several features that will help you find specific information quickly:

Table of Contents at the beginning of the book


Lists of figures and tables at the beginning of the book

Alphabetical Index at the end of the book


A manual is also a notebook, feel free to write your own notes, ideas,
questions, indices, glossary items, etc. into this manual.

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Preface

Symbols used in this manual


DANGER indicates an imminently hazardous situation which, if not avoided, will result in
death or serious injury. This signal word is to be limited to the most extreme situations.

DANGER
Type/Source of Hazard
Hazard consequences
Steps to avoid the hazard.
WARNING indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in
death or serious injury.

WARNING
Type/Source of Hazard
Hazard consequences
Steps to avoid the hazard.
CAUTION indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, may result in
minor or moderate injury. It may also be used to alert against unsafe practices.

CAUTION
Type/Source of hazard
Hazard consequences
Steps to avoid the hazard.
DAMAGE information not relevant for the safety of personnel but pointing out possible
damage to the machine is depicted as shown below.
CAUTION
Information pointing out possible damages to the Machine.

A General Note contains supplementary information of general interest for the reader.
Note
This is supplementary information for the reader.

READ INSTRUCTIONS means that it is mandatory to read the specific instructions contained
in this manual or in external reference documents.
Read instructions!

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Preface

MANDATORY ACTION symbols are used to point out instructions and information that must
be strictly followed to prevent any risk for personal safety or to avoid machine damage.
General requirement sign

General Block Identification


Note
This manual is valid for Unit 1.
The KKS identification is shown in this manual for Unit 1.with
KKS prefix number 1.

Abbreviations and Acronyms


Item

Explanation

MCWS

Main Cooling Water System

SCWS

Secondary Cooling Water System

CCWS

Closed Cooling Water System

DCS

Distributed Control System

GT

Gas Turbine

ST

Steam Turbine

H2

Hydrogen Gas cooled GT/ST Generator

Air

Air cooled (GT/ST) Generator

MCR

Main Control Room

KKS

Power Plant Identification System (Kraftwerks Kennzeichnungssystem)

PFUP

Process Function Plans

P & ID

Piping and Instrumentation Diagram

Table 2

Abbreviations and Acronyms

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Preface

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1.

Introduction

1.1.

Purpose
The closed cooling water (CCWS) fulfils the following tasks:

1.2.

Transferring waste heat from various heat sources to the once trough Main (MCWS) &
Secondary (SCWS) cooling water system via the CCW Intercooler water/water.

Keeping the CCW pressure below the GT/ST generator H2 coolers operational gas
pressure.

System Overview
The CCWS is a closed circuit protected with inhibitor against corrosion. The water of the
CCWS is circulated by the CCW pumps (PGC10/20AP001) to the various heat sources. The
heated water is returned to the CCW Intercooler water/water (PGD10/20 AC001) for cooling
down by the MCWS.
Note
For an overview of the CCWS, refer to P & ID 1AHA050085_A

1.2.1.

Main Components
The system consists of the following main components:

CCW pumps PGC10AP001 and PGC20AP001

CCW head tank (PGF10BB001)

CCW chemical dosing sluice PUN90BR002

CCW filling valve PGF01AA003

H2 gas separator tank PGM25AT001

CCW flushing filter PGA09AT001

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1
1.2

Introduction
System Overview

1.2.2.

Heat Sources
The CCWS provides cooling to the following heat sources:

GT generator air coolers and lubrication oil coolers MKP10AC100

KA26 GT/ST generator H2 coolers MKA13AC100, MKA13AC200, MKA13AC300,


MKA13AC400

ST/GT Generator H2 seal oil coolers MKW25AC001, MKW26AC001

H2 Generator brush gear cooler units MKB40AC001

Sampling coolers for the HRSG boilers and water steam cycle QUL01

HP feed water pumps coolers LAC50AC001, LAC60AC001

Condenser water box evacuation system coolers MAJ61/62AC001


For design and operating data refer to Table 4 Heat Sources Design and Operating Data on
page 44.

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Introduction
System Overview

1
1.2

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2.

Safety Instructions

2.1.

General Safety Instructions


All personnel working with or at the systems and components must have read
and understood the safety instructions in ALSTOM technical manual
TN04/0297, which is part of the overall customer documentation set.

2.2.

System-specific Safety Instructions


CAUTION
CCWS Main water is chemically conditioned with:
Strictly follow the Operating Instruction Water Chemistry and
Supervision .
Observe Material Safety Data Sheet
It is not allowed to drain the chemically conditioned CCWS water
direct to the waste water system.
All drains from chemically conditioned CCWS must be collected for
external disposal. Disposal rules and regulations must be observed.

CAUTION
Sodium hydroxide (NaOH)
R35: Causes severe burns
Inappropriate handling can cause serious injuries. Is harmful to the
environment.
S26: In case of contact with eyes rinse immediately with plenty of
water and seek medical advice.
S28: After contact with skin wash immediately with plenty of water.
S36/37/39: Wear suitable protective clothing, gloves and eye/face
protection.
S45: In case of accident or if you feel unwell seek medical advice
immediately (show the label where possible).

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Safety Instructions
System-specific Safety Instructions

2
2.2

WARNING
High voltage/Electrical shock
Electric motors and actuators powered with high voltage, inappropriate
handling can cause serious injuries or death.
Keep away from live parts.
Do not remove guards.
Avoid wet surfaces.
Prior to maintenance:

Isolate component from power supply.

Take effective measures to prevent reconnection.

Connect all parts to protective earth and short the circuits.


Do not modify systems or components.
The instructions of the component suppliers must be adhered to.

WARNING
Rotating or moving parts
Inappropriate handling can cause serious injuries or death.
Keep away from rotating or moving parts.
Do not remove guards.
Prior to maintenance, take effective measures to prevent rotating or
moving.
Do not modify systems or components.
The instructions of the component suppliers must be adhered to.

The CCWS and its components must be operated and maintained by


trained and authorized personnel only!
All applicable safety rules and regulations are strictly to be followed. For
component-relevant instructions refer to the separate operation and
maintenance manuals for the individual subsystems and components.
For maintenance work it is mandatory to have all required work permits.
All applicable local rules and regulations as well as national and
international directives must be strictly followed.

Read the component safety instructions before operation!

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2
2.2

Safety Instructions
System-specific Safety Instructions

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3.

System Description

3.1.

Overview
The CCWS is a closed water circuit. The system is protected with an inhibitor against
corrosion. The CCW pumps to the various heat sources circulate the water of the CCWS.
The heated water is returned to the tube & shell type CCW water/water Intercooler. The hot
water is cooled down by the MCWS&SCWS.

3.2.

Components
CCW pumps (PGC10AP001 and PGC20AP001)
The CCW pumps circulate the cooling water within the CCWS to the various heat sources.
CCW head tank (PGF10BB001):
The CCW head tank provides the necessary buffer volume for thermal expansion and
maintains a constant pressure in the CCWS.
CCWS chemical dosing sluice (PUN90BR002)
The CCWS chemical dosing sluice provides dosing facility for CCWS chemical conditioning.
CCW filling valve (PGF01AA003)
The CCW filling valve controls the water supply from the demineralised water supply system
in order to replenish possible water losses in the CCWS.
H2 gas separator tank (18PGM25AT001)
This tank provides the necessary separating volume if H2 is leaking into the CCWS form the
ST/GT generator H2 coolers. The H2 gas separator tank is vented via an open pipe over the
roof.
CCW flushing filter (19PGA09AT001)
The filter provides filtering facility for the CCWS initial cleaning procedures.
Tube & shell type CCW Intercoolers PGD10AC001 and PGD20AC001
The tube & shell water/water CCW Intercoolers transfer the heat from the CCWS to the
MCWS&SCWS.

3.3.

Normal Operation
During normal operation, the following main components are in service:

CCWS with CCW head tank filled and chemically conditioned.

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3
3.3

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System Description
Normal Operation

One 100% tube & shell type CCW Intercoolers PGD10AC001 or PGD20AC001

One 100% CCW pump PGC10AP001 or PGC20AP001 in operation at design flow.

All heat source coolers valve open, at design flow, operating at design heat load.

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System Description
Normal Operation

3
3.3

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4.

Operation

4.1.

General Information

4.1.1.

Specific Safety Instructions


CAUTION
sodium hydroxide (NaOH)
R35: Causes severe burns
Inappropriate handling can cause serious injuries. Is harmful to the
environment.
S26: In case of contact with eyes rinse immediately with plenty of
water and seek medical advice.
S28: After contact with skin wash immediately with plenty of water.
S36/37/39: Wear suitable protective clothing, gloves and eye/face
protection.
S45: In case of accident or if you feel unwell seek medical advice
immediately (show the label where possible).

WARNING
High voltage/Electrical shock and Rotating or moving parts
For applicable Instruction, see chapter 2.2.

4.1.2.

Component Operating Instructions


To ensure operational reliability of the individual system components, the relevant operation
instructions must be observed.
Read the component operating instructions before operation!

4.2.

Conditions Prior to Start-up


The initially empty or drained piping of CCWS has to be cleaned, filled,
and chemically conditioned before the start of CCWS.

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Operation
Conditions Prior to Start-up

4.2.1.

4
4.2

Cleaning
Prior to filling of the CCWS the cleaning procedure has to be applied. Observe CCWS
Cleaning Procedure for the cleaning procedure. It is recommended, that the cleaning
procedure is repeated each time after major repair or maintenance activities in the CCWS.

4.2.2.

CCWS Initial Filling Procedure


Since the water flow required for initial CCWS filling is unique and rare event a separate initial
filling nozzle PGB90AA201 is provided. The initial filling of the CCWS is done as follows:
1. All vent valves and all source isolating valves must be opened
2. All drain valves must be closed
3. Install temporary pipe or hose connection from demineralised water system to CCWS
initial filling nozzle PGB90BR201
4. Make sure that demineralised water is available.
5. Open CCWS initial filling nozzle PGB90AA201 and/or the pneumatic CCW filling valve
PGF01AA003 and fill the CCWS completely, until water level in the CCW head tank
PGF10CL002 is greater than MIN1
6. During filling check the CCWS for leakage
7. Close all the vents of the CCWS as soon as water leaves them
Once cleaning and initial filling procedures are terminated, the CCWS
can finally be filled for normal operation and conditioned for corrosion
as required. The herein specified filling and chemical conditioning must
be adjusted by the operator in accordance with local available chemicals
and concentration.
Once conditioned filling for operation is terminated, the CCWS and the components remain
filled. During normal CCWS operation no losses must be expected. Where losses from
CCWS occur (e.g. from sectional maintenance drains or cooler isolation) replenishing of lost
water is made via the CCW filling valve PGF01AA003.

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4
4.2

Operation
Conditions Prior to Start-up

4.2.3.

Corrosion inhibitor
Observe Operating Instruction Water Chemistry and Supervision for
applied chemicals, required concentration, periodic checks, sampling
requirements, sampling valve locations, handling, safety, drainage
instructions, and discharge limitations.
Inhibitor dosing is only required when the periodic sample analysis taken at sample rack and
analyzed in the laboratory show low CCWS chemical concentration or after the CCWS has
been drained partly or completely.
The following manually applied procedure shall be used to fill small amounts of or top up
chemicals into the CCWS via the dosing sluice:
8. One of the CCW pump PGC10AP001 or PGC20AP001 must be in operation.
9. Close the isolating valves PUN90AA001 and PUN90AA002
10. Open the dosing valve PUN90AA010
11. Open the drain valve PUN90AA202 for draining the sluice content into a bucket or barrel.
12. Close the drain valve PUN90AA202.
13. Open vent valve PUN90AA201.
14. Fill the chemical in the vessel PUN90BB010.
15. Close the dosing valve PUN90AA010
16. Open the isolating valves PUN90AA001 and PUN90AA002 for conditioning the CCWS.
Trapped air is to be released via vent valve PUN90AA201.
17. Close the isolating valves PUN90AA001 and PUN90AA002
18. Analyse the CCWS Inhibitor concentration levels and repeat aforementioned procedure
until target chemical concentration is achieved.

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Operation
Conditions Prior to Start-up

4.2.4.

4
4.2

Component Condition prior to Start-Up

Before start-up, prepare the systems, components, valves, and


instrumentations to be ready for operation according to Table 3

System/Component

Status

KKS number

CCWS

Cleaned, filled, and water


chemistry as required

PG

CCW pumps

Filled and vented, ready for


operation according to
components operation &
maintenance documentation

PGC10AP001
PGC20AP001

CCW pump strainers

Removed after CCWS


cleaning and replaced by pipe
sections

PGB91AT001
PGB91BR002
PGB92AT001
PGB92BR002

Tube & shell type CCW Intercoolers

Ready for operation

PGD10AC001
PGD20AC001

Safety valves

Ready for operation

PGM11AA011
PGM12AA011
PGL51AA011
PGL61AA011

Safety valves

Ready for operation

PGM11AA010
PGM12AA010
PGM21AA010
PGM22AA010
PGM23AA010
PGM24AA010

Make-up valve

Ready for operation

PGF01AA003

Instrumentations

Ready for operation

various

Demineralised water supply

Ready for operation

GH

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4
4.2

Operation
Conditions Prior to Start-up

Valves

Position

KKS number

Heat sources coolers isolation valves

open

PGL51AA001
PGL51AA002
PGL61AA001
PGL61AA002

Heat sources coolers isolation valves

open

PGM11AA001
PGM11AA002
PGM12AA001
PGM12AA002

Heat sources coolers isolation valves

open

PGM21AA001
PGM21AA002
PGM22AA001
PGM22AA002
PGM23AA001
PGM23AA002
PGM24AA001
PGM24AA002

Heat sources coolers isolation valves

open

PGQ31AA001
PGQ31AA002

Heat sources coolers isolation valves

open

PGM50AA001
PGM50AA002

Heat sources coolers isolation valves

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PGM11AA001
PGM12AA001
PGM11AA002
PGM12AA002

Demineralized water isolation valve

open

PGF01AA001

Demineralized water throttling valve

Throttled as verified during


commissioning

PGF01AA004

CCW pump isolation valves

open

PGB91AA001
PGA01AA002
PGB92AA001
PGA02AA002

CCW flushing bypass filter valves

closed

PGA09AA001
PGB90AA201

CCWS chemical dosing sluice isolation


valves, dosing valve, drain valve, and
vent valve

closed

PUN90AA001
PUN90AA002
PUN90AA010
PUN90AA202
PUN90AA201

Isolation valves

open

PGF50AA050
PGM40AA250

Drain valves

closed

PGA01AA201
PGA02AA201

Vent valve

closed

PGA10AA201

Drain valves

closed

PGA11AA202
PGA12AA202

Vent valves

closed

PGA11AA201
PGA12AA201

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Operation
Conditions Prior to Start-up

Valves

Position

KKS number

Vent valve

closed

PGA20AA201

Drain valve

closed

PGA20AA202
PGB90AA202

Drain valves

closed

PGL51AA201
PGL61AA201

Drain valves

closed

PGM11AA202
PGM12AA202

Vent valves

closed

PGM20AA201
PGM20AA202
PGM21AA209
PGM21AA210
PGM22AA209
PGM22AA210
PGM23AA209
PGM23AA210
PGM24AA209
PGM24AA210

Drain valves

closed

PGM20AA220
PGM25AA220
PGM25AA202
PGM25AA206
PGM21AA201
PGM22AA201
PGM23AA201
PGM24AA201
PGM21AA205
PGM22AA205
PGM23AA205
PGM24AA205

Drain valves

closed

PGQ31AA201
PGQ31AA203

Vent valve

closed

PGM30AA201
PGM39AA201

Drain valves

closed

PGM50AA203
PGM50AA204

Drrain valves

closed

PGM11AA821
PGM12AA821

Instrument root valves for all


permanent instruments

open

various

Instrument root valves for all temporary


instruments

closed

various

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4.2

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4
4.2

Operation
Conditions Prior to Start-up

Tube &shell type CCW Intercooler PGD10AC001 in operation


(CCW Intercooler 19PGD20AC001 in stand-by):
Valve

Position

KKS number

MCWS&SCWS side isolation valves

Open
Open

PCB21AA001
PCB23AA001

MCWS&SCWS side vent /drain valve

Closed

PCB21AA201

CCWS side inlet valve

Open

PGA11AA001

CCWS side outlet valve

Open

PGA11AA002

CCWS side vent /drain valves

Closed
Closed

PGD11AA201
PGD11AA202

MCWS&SCWS side isolation valves

Closed
Closed

PCB22AA001
PCB24AA001

MCWS&SCWS side vent /drain valve

Open

PGD22AA201

CCWS side inlet valve

Open

PGA12AA001

CCWS side outlet valve

Closed

PGA12AA002

CCWS vent /drain valve

Closed
Closed

PGD12AA201
PGD12AA202

Tube &shell type CCW Intercooler PGD20AC001 in operation


(CCW Intercooler 19PGD10AC001 in stand-by):

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Valve

Position

KKS number

MCWS&SCWS side isolation valves

Closed
Closed

PCB21AA001
PCB23AA001

MCWS&SCWS side vent /drain valve

Open

PCB21AA201

CCWS side inlet valve

Open

PGA11AA001

CCWS side outlet valve

Closed

PGA11AA002

CCWS side vent /drain valves

Closed
Closed

PGD11AA201
PGD11AA202

MCWS&SCWS side isolation valves

Open
Open

PCB22AA001
PCB24AA001

MCWS&SCWS side vent /drain valve

Closed

PGD22AA201

CCWS side inlet valve

Open

PGA12AA001

CCWS side outlet valve

Open

PGA12AA002

CCWS vent /drain valve

Closed
Closed

PGD12AA201
PGD12AA202

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Operation
Start-up

4.3.

Start-up

4.3.1.

System Start-Up

4
4.3

Start up can only be released after the CCWS and the components are
ready for operation as described in section 4.2 Conditions Prior to Startup on page 24.
The components of the CCWS must bear the following major characteristics:

CCWS filled with water and conditioned with chemicals for corrosion, properly vented,
and all valves in their required position.

Check lubrication of the CCW pumps.

CCW pumps, CCW Intercooler water/water ready for operation.

Start the CCW pump (PGC10AP001 or PGC20AP001). The CCW pumps should be in
operation before the heat source systems are started/apply heat to the CCWS.
The CCW pumps are controlled by the DCS and started or stopped by the "ON/OFF"
command in the MCR. The pumps are function loop controlled. The CCW pumps must be
operated alternately.
Before start-up of the H2 generator coolers the following
venting/drainage procedure must be applied:

4.3.2.

Close valves PGM21AA201, PGM21AA205 and PGM21AA209.


Open valve PGM21AA210.
Close valves PGM22AA201, PGM22AA205 and PGM22AA209.
Open valve PGM22AA210.
Close valves PGM23AA201, PGM23AA205 and PGM23AA209.
Open valve PGM23AA210.
Close valves PGM24AA201, PGM24AA205 and PGM24AA209.
Open valve PGM24AA210.

Check up Actions after System Start-Up

Close CCWS vents, as required.

Check CCWS operation and functions periodically by local walkabouts according to the
requirements in plant supporting documents and suppliers manuals.

Check differential pressure across the CCW pump, which is indicated on local pressure
gauges PGC10CP001, PGC10CP002, PGC20CP001 and PGC20CP002.

CCW Intercoolers
If the CCWS cold temperature (19PGA20CT001) is greater than 40 C to 45 C an alarm
will be given. The operator to check locally and take corrective action as required.

If the CCWS cold temperature (19PGA20CT001) is lower than 5 C to 10C an alarm will
be given. The operator to check locally and take corrective action as required.
It is of major importance, that after start-up of the H2 generator coolers,
when proper venting has been achieved, the following procedure must
be applied:

Close valves PGM21AA201, PGM21AA205 andPGM21AA210.

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4
4.4

Operation
Shut-down

Open valve PGM21AA209.


Close valves PGM22AA201, PGM22AA205 and PGM22AA210.
Open valve PGM22AA209.
Close valves PGM23AA201, PGM23AA205, and PGM23AA210.
Open valve PGM23AA209.
Close valves PGM24AA201, PGM24AA205 and PGM24AA210.
Open valve PGM24AA209.

4.4.

Shut-down

4.4.1.

Normal Shut-down
After the heat load has been taken away from the CCW Intercooler, the following procedure
can be applied:
Shut down the CCW pump in operation as soon as there is no residual heat or continuous
cooling requirement from the CCWS (e.g., from GT/ST generator, oil system/turning gear,
etc.).
In those cases where residual heat and/or early shut down of the CWS / CCW pumps causes
too high CCWS temperature (19PGA20CT001), then periodic manual start/stop of either
MCWS&SCWS pumps and or CCW pumps may be considered as required.

4.4.2.

Immediate Shut-down
In case of immediate shut down, all components can be shut down immediately. For
restrictions see in referenced documents specified elsewhere. For other criteria refer to
section 4.4.1 Normal Shut-down on page 32.

4.5.

Proper Operation

4.5.1.

Hydraulic Balance
The pump head/flow chart in section 6.1 Hydraulic Head/Flow Chart of CCW Pump on page
40 shows the CCW pump curves and the CCWS gradient. The pump head/flow chart
represents the total generated head of the CCW pump at various flows.
The normal operating case applies when one CCW pump is in operation. The head/flow chart
shows the pressure loss in the system against flow. Normal operating condition applies when
the level of the CCW head tank is full one CCW pump operating against one CCW Intercooler
and all the heat source coolers/valves are open.
All values and set points stated in this document are related to the turbine house finish floor
level or to the head tank bottom level. Therefore all level and pressure set points, instruments
and transmitters settings shall be corrected and compensated to the chosen reference level.

4.5.2.

Water Chemistry
The CCWS chemical balance, applied chemicals, required concentration, periodic checks,
sampling requirements, sampling valve locations, handling, safety, drainage instructions, and
discharge limitations are described in the Operating Instruction Water Chemistry and
Supervision and must be observed.

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Operation
Proper Operation

4.5.3.

4
4.5

Freeze Protection
NA

4.5.4.

Temperature
The operational supervision of CCWS temperature is done by DCS. The Operator must take
corrective actions, based on criteria, restrictions, limitations specified elsewhere.
Operation of the CCWS is possible between the following temperature:

Ambient air temperature/moisture:

-1C to 40C / 20% to 70% RH

CCWS design water temperature:

60 C

CCWS minimum continuous


cold water temperature:

greater than 12 C

CCWS maximum continuous


cold water temperature:

less than 45 (47 C for Thermo shock)

CCWS maximum continuous


hot water temperature:

less than 60 C

Remark:
The MCWS&SCWS side is Thermo shock treated for biocide control every two weeks for ca.
o
1 hour. During this period, the cold SCWS is increased /maintained up to 42 C respectively
o
the cold CCWS is increased /maintained up to 47 C
High CCWS Water Temperature limits for CCW Intercooler water /water
Where extended periods with high above normal heat input, high MCWS&SCWS water
temperatures, or high ambient air temperatures during either start up, normal plant operation,
shut down, cooling down, thermo shock operation or stand still periods exist, then the
operator must visually supervise and assure by manual action, that the CCWS cold water
temperatures TCCW of less than 40C is maintained.
If TCCW (19PGA20CT001) after CCW Intercooler exceeds 47 C, a hot water alarm will be
given.
The operator personnel must do the following checks or actions:

Check if the heat input from source coolers is too high and take measures.

Check if the MCWS&SCWS flow is too low and if possible throttled condenser outlet
valves.

Check if the CCW pump flow is too low and take measures.

Low CCWS Water Temperature limits for CCW Intercooler water /water
Where extended periods with low heat input and/or low MCWS&SCWS water temperatures
during either start up, normal plant operation, shut down or stand still exist, then the operator
must visually supervise and assure by manual action, that a CCWS cold water temperatures
TCCW of more than 12C is maintained. For MCWS&SCWS water temperature control see
referenced MCWS&SCWS documentation.

4.5.5.

Pressure
Operation of the CCWS is possible up to the following pressure:

Design pressure

6.0 barg

Set point of pressure relief valves

5.5 barg

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4
4.5

Operation
Proper Operation

For the reference of pressure and level set points refer to section 4.5.1 Hydraulic Balance on
page 32.

4.5.6.

Water Levels in CCW head tank


Operation of the CCWS is possible without restriction when level in CCW head tank is greater
than MIN1 and lower than MAX1. When required, the CCW head tank level is restored by
operating the pneumatic CCW filling valve PGF01AA003. When the level in CCW head tank
falls below MIN1, the CCW filling valve PGF01AA003 is opened automatically via DCS
control and closed after certain time delay. The CCW filling valve PGF01AA003 must be in
closed position before the level in CCW head tank reaches MAX1. Should for some reasons
the CCW head tank rise above MAX1, an alarm will be given.
Final setting of the CCW filling valve closing time delay shall be defined and tested finally by
the commissioning engineer. It must be noted that the CCW filling valve closing time delay is
strongly influenced by the effective available demineralised water flow and pressure at the
CCW head tank interface.

4.5.7.

CCW Pumps
The CCW pumps PGC10AP001 and PGC20AP001 are used to circulate water through the
CCWS, heat source coolers, and the CCW Intercooler. During normal operation only one of
the two CCW pumps shall be in operation. For more detailed information of this components,
consult the Operation & Maintenance Manual of the supplier.

Read the component operating instructions before operation!

For limited rare and short term events (10 to 20 times of ca. 15 minutes), manually initiated,
supervised, and terminated parallel operation of both CCW pumps is possible for CCWS
cleaning process and flushing.
The CCW pumps are controlled by the plant DCS.
During CCW pump operation, it must be assured that the CCW pump is continuously running
within acceptable pressure and flow ranges without exceeding the operating limits as
indicated in section 6.1 Hydraulic Head/Flow Chart of CCW Pump on page 40.

4.5.8.

An alarm will be given if the level in the CCW head tank measured with PGF10CL003
reaches MIN2.

The CCW pumps are switched off for protection if the level in the CCW head tank
measured with PGF10CL002 reaches MIN1 and the level measured with PGF10CL003
reaches MIN2.

An alarm will be given if both CCW pumps are operated parallel for more than 5 minutes.

CCW Intercooler Water/Water


The tube & shell type CCW water/water Intercoolers PGD10AC001 and PGD20AC001 are
used to cool down the Closed Cooling Water. During normal operation only one of the two
cooler units is in operation. The CCW Intercoolers are not controlled by the DCS.
For more detailed information of this components, consult the Operation & Maintenance
Manual of the supplier.
Read the component operating instructions before operation!

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Operation
Inadmissible Operation

4.5.9.

4
4.6

H2 Gas Separation
In order to prevent dangerous concentration of H2 gas in CCWS a H2 gas separator is
installed. The H2 gas separator is fitted with a vent pipe routed over the building roof.

4.6.

Inadmissible Operation
The following operation modes are not permitted:

Any CCW pump operation against too many closed valves or continuous operation
outside pump acceptable operating range as indicated in section 6.1 Hydraulic
Head/Flow Chart of CCW Pump on page 40

Any CCW pump operation against not open suction or discharge valve

Both CCW pumps in continuous parallel operation

One CCW pump against both CCW Intercoolers water/water

CCW cold water temperatures above 47 C

CCW cold water temperatures below 5C

CCW pressure at the GT/ST Generator H2 gas cooler above 4 barg


CAUTION
Operating the CCWS in an inadmissible operation mode will cause damage of
the system and components.

4.7.

Other Operation Modes


The operation modes described in sections 4.3, 4.4, and 4.5 are the normal operation modes.
Apart from normal operation mode, there are other operation modes, which are considered
as acceptable, short term, time limited operation modes. The following operation modes are
admissible.

4.7.1.

Failure of Component
Failure and alarms of component controlled by the local control system will be indicated in the
MCR via DCS. For component failures and trouble shooting, refer to the relevant sections of
the suppliers instructions. Local checks, repairs, resetting, etc. are required within time frame
according to the relevant sections of the suppliers instructions.

4.7.2.

Long-term Shut-downs
For long term outages the instructions and the measures for long-term shutdowns of the
subsystem and the individual components must be observed. Refer to the relevant sections
of the suppliers instructions.

4.7.3.

Standby
The standby of individual components is defined in the referenced subsystem and component
operating instructions. This is an essential condition for operational standby of the system.
The standby CCW Intercooler water/water is isolated by its inlet/outlet valve and drained on
MCWS&SCWS side as mentioned in section 4.7.6 Methods of Preservation for Isolated CCW

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4
4.7

Operation
Other Operation Modes

Intercoolers on page 36.The CCW medium side remains filled and only the CCW Intercooler
outlet valve is closed.

4.7.4.

Measures during Outages


In order to prevent malfunction and damage due to corrosion of the subsystem and the
individual components, the measures during outages must be observed. Refer to the relevant
sections of the referred instructions/suppliers instructions.

4.7.5.

Isolated Heat Source


Each individual heat source cooler may be isolated as required by its outlet isolation valve on
CCW medium side only. When this occurs it must be made sure by the operator that the
number of isolated coolers and consequently the remaining CCW flow or the CCW
temperature is kept within acceptable limits. Refer to section 4.5 Proper Operation on page
32. This operating mode is considered as short term (say less than 8 h per year) limited
period operation mode only.
For criteria regarding drainage, refer to section 5.2.1 System Drainage on page 39.
For criteria regarding refilling the CCWS after complete or partial drainage, refer to section
5.2.2 CCW medium side refilling procedure on page 39.

4.7.6.

Methods of Preservation for Isolated CCW Intercoolers


As a rule the following possibilities should be applied during standstills:
Tube and Shell Type CCW Intercooler (PGD10/20AC001)
For CCW Intercooler water/water where an impressed current cathodic protection system is
installed on MCWS&SCWS side, it must be assured that the protections system is started
immediately after CCWS/equipment has been filled and that the protection system is never
switched off.

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Operation
Major Component Data

4.8.

Major Component Data

4.8.1.

General

4.8.2.

4.8.3.

Absolute CCWS design/test pressure:

700

kPa

CCWS design temperature:

60

Total CCWS volume:

30 to 80

m3

CCW Pump

Configuration/duty:

2 x 100

Design flow, each:

620

m3/h

Design total generated head at pump discharge:

29

mWC

Adsorbed/rated power (per pump):

approx. 100

4.8.5.

kW

Tube & shell type CCW Intercooler Water/Water

Configuration/duty:

2 x 100

Design CCWS flow, each:

620

m3/h

Design MCWS&SCWS flow, each:

1002

m3/h

Design heat load, each:

7.5

MW

Design CCWS cold water temperature:

33

Design MCWS&SCWS cold water temperature:

28

CCWS differential pressure loss


(at design flow):

0.49

bar

MCWS&SCWS differential pressure loss


(at design flow):

0.27

kPa

4.8.4.

4
4.8

CCW Head Tank

Configuration:

1 x 100

Net volume:

m3

H2 Gas Separator

Configuration:

1 x 100

Net volume:

2.5

m3

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4
4.8

Operation
Major Component Data

Blank page

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5.

Maintenance

5.1.

Specific Safety Precautions


Operation as well as maintenance and repair work of the system has to
be done by qualified personnel and under observation of general rules
and regulation and the special safety rules and regulations for pressure
equipment.

Prior to executing any maintenance work you must have read and
understood the safety instructions in chapter 2 of this manual.
Operational readiness of the system components is to be maintained by adhering to the
relevant operation & maintenance documentation supplied by the supplier, and must be
consulted before operation or maintenance begins.

5.2.

5.2.1.

System-related Maintenance

Carry out a visual inspection of the entire system every day.

Component specific maintenance instructions must be observed.

System Drainage
If inspection, maintenance, repair, or replacement require a partial or complete CCWS source
coolers or CCW Intercoolers drainage, then opening of the CCWS pipe section or component
drain and vent valves can do this.
It is not allowed to drain the chemically conditioned CCWS direct to the
waste water system. All drains from chemically conditioned CCWS must
be collected for external disposal. Disposal rules and regulations must
be observed. Follow Operating Instruction Water Chemistry and
Supervision.

5.2.2.

CCW medium side refilling procedure


In those rare events, where inspection, maintenance, repair, or replacement dictates a
complete CCW medium side drainage, great care must be taken that before CCWS
operation, the CCW medium side refilling process is terminated.
CCWS refilling and opening of the CCW Intercooler isolation valves must
be done very slowly, so that the CCWS filling valve is able to replenish
the refill volume slowly and does not cause rapid level losses in the
CCW head tank For water chemistry requirements, refer to section 4.2.3
Corrosion inhibitor on page 26.

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6
6.1

Appendices
Hydraulic Head/Flow Chart of CCW Pump

Blank page

6.

Appendices

6.1.

Hydraulic Head/Flow Chart of CCW Pump

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Figure 1

Head/Flow Chart CCW Pump

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Index

6.2.

Alarm List

KKS

Code

Description

Actions

PGF10CL001

>MAX1

L HEAD TK CCW

Level in head tank is too high. Check


demineralised water supply and function of
CCW filling valve. Refer to section 4.5.6.

PGF10CL002

<MIN1

L HEAD TK CCW

Level in head tank is too low. Check


demineralised water supply and function of
CCW filling valve. Refer to section 4.5.6.

PGF10CL003

<MIN2

L HEAD TK CCW

Level in head tank is too low. Check


demineralised water supply and function of
CCW filling valve. Refer to section 4.5.6.

PGA20CT001

>MAX1

T AFT CCW INCLR

CCWS cold water temperature is too high.


Take measure to decrease cold water
temperature. Refer to section 4.5.6.

PGA20CT001

<MIN1

T AFT CCW INCLR

CCWS cold water temperature is too low.


Conduct measure to increase cold water
temperature. Refer to section 4.5.6.}

Table 3

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Index

6.3.

CCW Chemical Conditioning Sluice


KKS number:

19PUN90BR002

Operating Data:
Medium:

Sodium hydroxide (NaOH)

Max. allowable pressure:


Max. allowable temperature:

700 kPa
60 C

Figure 2

Chemical Conditioning Sluice

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Index

6.4.

Heat Sources Design and Operating Data


Summarizes data per heat source

Source cooler

KKS no.

ST Generator H2 coolers
ST H2 cooled Generator
brush gear cooler
ST Generator H2 seal oil coolers
GT Generator Air coolers and
lubrication oil cooler
Sample coolers W/S cycle
HP Feedwater Pump coolers
Condenser water box
evacuation system coolers

Cooler
configuration
(*)

Coolers in
@
operation

Total
Flow (*)

No x %

(*)

MKA13AC100 to AC400
MKB40AC001

4 x 25
1 x 100

4 x 25
1 x 100

MKW25/26AC001
MKP10

2 x 100
1 x 100
1 x100
3 x 50
2 x 100%

QUL01
LAC50/60/70AC001
{MAJ61/62AC001}

Total heat
load (*)

Differential
Pressure at
@ flow

m3/h

kW

kPa

379.08
20.16

4550
85

900
50

1 x 100
1 x 100

26
108

75
2010

50
210

1 x100
2 x50
1 x 100%

15.9
36
2.16

196
150
8

50
100
500

588.74

7079

+ appr.
5%

+ appr.
6%

618.18

7503.74

Total calculated
summarised CCWS flow
Approx. surplus margin
CCWS/Equipment
Design Parameters

(*) Note: All the above mentioned 3 x 50% coolers, have constant parallel flow, while heat load is applied to 2 x50% cooler only.
All the above mentioned 2 x 100% coolers, have constant parallel flow, while heat load is applied to 1 x 100% cooler only.

Table 4

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Index

6.5.

Related Documents and Diagrams


The following related documents and diagrams with additional system details are referenced
throughout this manual.
Document No.

Title

1AHA050085

P & ID CCWS PG

1AHA050297

Legend to P & ID CCWS PG

1AHA054184_A

Signal Exchange List CCWS PG

1AHA

Process Function Plan CCWS PG

1AHA

Set Point List CCWS PG

1AHA

Orifice list PG

1AHA

Internal Cleaning Procedures of the CCWS

1AHA050587

CCWS Operating Instruction Water Chemistry and Supervision

various

Components Operation & Maintenance Documentation

Table 5

6.6.

Related Documents and Diagrams

Documents and Diagrams from connected Systems


The following documents and diagrams with details about connected Systems are referenced
throughout this manual.
Document No.

Title

1AHA054180

System Manual MCWS&SCWS PAC

1AHA049957

P & ID MCWS&SCWS PAC}

1AHA

System Manual Demineralised Water Supply System GHC

1AHA 050360

P & ID Demineralised Water Supply System GHC

1AHA

System Manual Waste Water System GMM

1AHA 050364

P & ID Waste Water System GMM

Table 6

Documents and Diagrams from connected Systems

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Index

6.7.

Safety Datasheet Sodium Hydroxide

Material Safety Data Sheet


Sodium hydroxide, 50 wt% solution in water
Section 1 - Chemical Product and Company Identification
MSDS Name:

Sodium hydroxide, 50 wt% solution in water

Catalog
Numbers:

25986-0000, 25986-0025, 25986-0050, 38021-0000, 38021-0025,


38021-5000

Synonyms:

Caustic soda

Company Identification:

Acros Organics BVBA


Janssen Pharmaceuticalaan 3a
2440 Geel, Belgium

Company Identification: (USA)

Acros Organics
One Reagent Lane
Fair Lawn, NJ 07410

For information in the US, call:

800-ACROS-01

For information in Europe, call:

+32 14 57 52 11

Emergency Number, Europe:

+32 14 57 52 99

Emergency Number US:

201-796-7100

CHEMTREC Phone Number, US:

800-424-9300

CHEMTREC Phone Number, Europe:

703-527-3887

Section 2 - Composition, Information on Ingredients


CAS#

Chemical Name: % EINECS# Hazard Symbols: Risk Phrases:

1310-73-2 Sodium hydroxide 50 215-185-5


7732-18-5

Water

35

50 231-791-2

Text for R-phrases: see Section 16


Hazard Symbols:
C

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Risk Phrases:

35
Section 3 - Hazards Identification
EMERGENCY OVERVIEW
Causes severe burns.

Potential Health Effects


Eye:

Causes severe eye burns.

Skin:

Causes skin burns. May cause deep, penetrating ulcers of the skin.

Ingestion: Causes gastrointestinal tract burns. Causes severe pain, nausea, vomiting,
diarrhea, and shock. May cause corrosion and permanent tissue destruction
of the esophagus and digestive tract.
Inhalation: Irritation may lead to chemical pneumonitis and pulmonary edema. Causes
severe irritation of upper respiratory tract with coughing, burns, breathing
difficulty, and possible coma. Causes chemical burns to the respiratory
tract.
Chronic:

Prolonged or repeated skin contact may cause dermatitis.


Section 4 - First Aid Measures

Eyes:

Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes,


occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid
immediately.

Skin:

Get medical aid immediately. Immediately flush skin with plenty of water
for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.
Discard contaminated clothing in a manner which limits further
exposure.

Ingestion:

Do not induce vomiting. Get medical aid immediately.

Inhalation:

Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure and move to fresh
air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing
is difficult, give oxygen.

Notes to
Physician:

Treat symptomatically and supportively.

Section 5 - Fire Fighting Measures


General
Information:

As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressuredemand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective
gear. May react with metals and lead to the formation of flammable
hydrogen gas.

Extinguishing
Media:

Use foam, dry chemical, or carbon dioxide.

Section 6 - Accidental Release Measures


General

Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in Section 8.

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Index

Information:
Spills/Leaks:

Absorb spill with inert material (e.g. vermiculite, sand or earth),


then place in suitable container.
Section 7 - Handling and Storage

Handling: Wash thoroughly after handling. Use with adequate ventilation. Do not allow
water to get into the container because of violent reaction. Do not breathe
dust, vapor, mist, or gas. Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing. Use
only in a chemical fume hood.
Storage:

Store in a cool, dry place. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool,
dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Corrosives
area. Store under an inert atmosphere.
Section 8 - Exposure Controls, Personal Protection

Engineering Controls:
Facilities storing or utilizing this material should be equipped with an eyewash
facility and a safety shower. Use adequate ventilation to keep airborne
concentrations low. Use adequate general or local exhaust ventilation to keep
airborne concentrations below the permissible exposure limits.
Exposure Limits
CAS# 1310-73-2:
United Kingdom, WEL - STEL: 2 mg/m3 STEL
United States OSHA: 2 mg/m3 TWA
Belgium - TWA: 2 mg/m3 VLE
France - VME: 2 mg/m3 VME
Germany: 2 mg/m3 TWA (inhalable fraction)
Japan: 2 mg/m3 Ceiling
Malaysia: 2 mg/m3 Ceiling
Spain: 2 mg/m3 VLA-EC
CAS# 7732-18-5:

Personal Protective Equipment


Eyes:

Wear chemical splash goggles.

Skin:

Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure.

Clothing:

Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.

Respirators: Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29 CFR 1910.134 or


European Standard EN 149. Use a NIOSH/MSHA or European Standard EN
149 approved respirator if exposure limits are exceeded or if irritation or
other symptoms are experienced.
Section 9 - Physical and Chemical Properties

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Physical State: Viscous liquid


Color: clear colorless
Odor: Not available
pH: >13
Vapor Pressure: Not available
Viscosity: Not available
Boiling Point: 145 deg C ( 293.00F)
Freezing/Melting Point: 12 deg C ( 53.60F)
Autoignition Temperature: Not available
Flash Point: Not available
Explosion Limits: Lower: Not available
Explosion Limits: Upper: Not available
Decomposition Temperature: Not available
Solubility in water: Soluble
Specific Gravity/Density: 1.525
Molecular Formula: HNaO
Molecular Weight: 40
Section 10 - Stability and Reactivity
Chemical Stability:

Stable at room temperature in closed containers under


normal storage and handling conditions. Absorbs carbon
dioxide from the air.

Conditions to Avoid:

Incompatible materials, exposure to air.

Incompatibilities with
Other Materials

Water, acids, aluminum, chlorinated solvents, copper,


copper alloys, magnesium, phosphorus, zinc, tin, organic
materials.

Hazardous
Decomposition Products

Sodium oxide.

Hazardous
Polymerization

Will not occur.

Section 11 - Toxicological Information


RTECS#:

CAS# 1310-73-2: WB4900000


CAS# 7732-18-5: ZC0110000

LD50/LC50:

RTECS:
CAS# 1310-73-2: Draize test, rabbit, eye: 400 ug Mild;
Draize test, rabbit, eye: 1% Severe;
Draize test, rabbit, eye: 50 ug/24H Severe;
Draize test, rabbit, eye: 1 mg/24H Severe;
Draize test, rabbit, skin: 500 mg/24H Severe;
.
RTECS:
CAS# 7732-18-5: Oral, rat: LD50 = >90 mL/kg;

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Index

.
Other:
Carcinogenicity: Sodium hydroxide - Not listed as a carcinogen by ACGIH, IARC, NTP,
or CA Prop 65.
Water - Not listed as a carcinogen by ACGIH, IARC, NTP, or CA Prop
65.
Other:

See actual entry in RTECS for complete information.


Section 12 - Ecological Information

Not available
Section 13 - Disposal Considerations
Dispose of in a manner consistent with federal, state, and local regulations.
Section 14 - Transport Information

Shipping
Name:
Hazard
Class:
UN Number:
Packing
Group:

IATA
SODIUM HYDROXIDE
SOLUTION
8

IMO
SODIUM HYDROXIDE
SOLUTION
8

RID/ADR
SODIUM HYDROXIDE
SOLUTION
8

1824
II

1824
II

1824
II

USA RQ: CAS# 1310-73-2: 1000 lb final RQ; 454 kg final RQ

Section 15 - Regulatory Information


European/International Regulations

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European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives


Hazard Symbols: C
Risk Phrases:
R 35 Causes severe burns.
Safety Phrases:
S 26 In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek
medical advice.
S 37/39 Wear suitable gloves and eye/face protection.
S 45 In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek medical advice immediately (show
the label where possible).
WGK (Water Danger/Protection)
CAS# 1310-73-2: 1
CAS# 7732-18-5: Not available
Canada
CAS# 1310-73-2 is listed on Canada's DSL List
CAS# 7732-18-5 is listed on Canada's DSL List
US Federal
TSCA
CAS# 1310-73-2 is listed on the TSCA Inventory.
CAS# 7732-18-5 is listed on the TSCA Inventory.

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Index

Section 16 - Other Information


Text for R-phrases from Section 2
R 35 Causes severe burns.
MSDS Creation Date: 7/16/1996
Revision #1 Date 5/05/2004
Revisions were made in Sections: General revision.

The information above is believed to be accurate and represents the best


information currently available to us. However, we make no warranty of
merchantibility or any other warranty, express or implied, with respect to such
information, and we assume no liability resulting from its use. Users should make
their own investigations to determine the suitability of the information for their
particular purposes. In no event shall the company be liable for any claims, losses,
or damages of any third party or for lost profits or any special, indirect, incidental,
consequential, or exemplary damages howsoever arising, even if the company has
been advised of the possibility of such damages.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

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Index
A
abbreviations and acronyms, 13
alarm list, 42
B
block identification, 13
C
CAUTION
explanation, 12
CCW heat exchangers
proper operation, 35
standby, 36
CCW pumps
parallel operation, 34
proper operation, 34
CCW SYS
check up actions after start-up, 31
chemical conditioning, 26
cleaning procedure, 25
conditions prior to start-up, 31
conditions prior to start-up, 31
functions of main components, 21
initial filling, 25
long-term shutdowns, 36
normal operation, 21
normal shut-down, 32
chemical balance, 32
component failures, 35
compulsory reading, 11
copyright, 2
D
DAMAGE
explanation, 12
DANGER
explanation, 12
documents and diagrams from connected
systems, 45
drainage, 39
F

H
heat sources
connected to CCW SYS, 16
design and operating data, 44
high cold water temperatures, 33
hot water alarm, 33
hydraulic balance, 32
I
immediate shut down, 32
inadmissible operation, 35
isolated heat source coolers, 36
K
KKS prefix number, 13
M
main components, 15
MANDATORY ACTION
explanation, 13
manual preparation prior to start-up, 27
O
operational readiness, 39
outages, 36
R
read instructions
explanation, 13
refilling procedure, 39
related documents and diagrams, 45
S
safety instructions, 18
standby of components, 36
system pressure, 34
system tasks, 15
T

filling procedure for chemicals, 26

target audience, 11
TN04/0297, 18

general note
explanation, 12

user audience, 11

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V
visual inspection, 39
W

explanation, 12
water chemistry, 32
water level, 34
water temperature, 33

WARNING

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