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DRAFT

NORM

EN 14752
Edition: 2014-07-15

Railway applications Bodyside Entrance Systems


for rolling stock

Bahnanwendungen Seiteneinstiegsysteme fr Schienenfahrzeuge


Applications ferroviaires Systmes d'accs latraux pour matriel roulant

Note:
Because of possible comments, the final version of this NORM can
differ from the present Draft.
Please send your comments (in writing) by 2014-08-31 to Austrian
Standards Institute.

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sterreichisches Normungsinstitut
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ICS
Identical (IDT) with

45.060.20
prEN 14752:2014-05

Supersedes

NORM EN 14752:2006-02

responsible

Committee 213
Railway applications

DRAFT NORM EN 14752:2014

Explanations concerning Draft


The present Draft European Standard EN 14752 has been submitted to CEN members for voting. In case of a
positive result of the voting as required by CEN/CENELEC regulations, this Draft will be published as EN.
Like all member organizations of CEN, Austrian Standards Institute is basically obliged to implement European Standards in Austria and to withdraw conflicting standards.
Austrian Standards Institute herewith submits this Draft of a European Standard as Draft NORM to
public enquiry and information.

Comments on this Draft


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Aspects concerning patent law

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EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPENNE

FINAL DRAFT
FprEN 14752

EUROPISCHE NORM
May 2014
ICS 45.060.20

Will supersede EN 14752:2005

English Version

Railway applications - Bodyside Entrance Systems for rolling


stock

This draft European Standard is submitted to CEN members for unique acceptance procedure. It has been drawn up by the Technical
Committee CEN/TC 256.
If this draft becomes a European Standard, CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which
stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.
This draft European Standard was established by CEN in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language
made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management
Centre has the same status as the official versions.
CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,
Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,
Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United
Kingdom.
Recipients of this draft are invited to submit, with their comments, notification of any relevant patent rights of which they are aware and to
provide supporting documentation.

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Warning : This document is not a European Standard. It is distributed for review and comments. It is subject to change without notice and
shall not be referred to as a European Standard.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION


COMIT EUROPEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPISCHES KOMITEE FR NORMUNG

CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

2014 CEN

All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved


worldwide for CEN national Members.

Ref. No. FprEN 14752:2014 E

FprEN 14752:2014 (E)

Contents

NORM DRAFT

Page

Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................5

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Introduction .........................................................................................................................................................6
1

Scope ......................................................................................................................................................7

Normative references ............................................................................................................................7

Terms and definitions ...........................................................................................................................8

4
4.1
4.1.1
4.1.2
4.1.3
4.1.4
4.1.5
4.1.6
4.1.7
4.1.8
4.2
4.2.1
4.2.2
4.3
4.3.1
4.3.2
4.3.3
4.4
4.5
4.5.1
4.5.2
4.6
4.6.1
4.6.2
4.7
4.7.1
4.7.2
4.8
4.9
4.10
4.10.1
4.10.2
4.10.3
4.11

Constructional requirements............................................................................................................. 11
Door design ......................................................................................................................................... 11
Door throughway design ................................................................................................................... 11
Steps .................................................................................................................................................... 12
Track level access .............................................................................................................................. 14
Gaps between vehicles and platforms ............................................................................................. 15
Train surfing ........................................................................................................................................ 15
Door windows ..................................................................................................................................... 15
Design of body side entrance doors used for accessing drivers cabs ........................................ 15
Water drainage .................................................................................................................................... 15
Mechanical strength ........................................................................................................................... 15
Door mechanical strength ................................................................................................................. 15
Step(s) mechanical strength .............................................................................................................. 17
Local door control devices ................................................................................................................ 18
Door buttons ....................................................................................................................................... 18
Emergency egress device .................................................................................................................. 20
Access device ..................................................................................................................................... 21
Labels/warning signs ......................................................................................................................... 21
Interfaces with the vehicle ................................................................................................................. 21
Electric and pneumatic power supplies ........................................................................................... 21
Mechanical interface with the vehicle .............................................................................................. 21
Other requirements............................................................................................................................. 22
Fire protection ..................................................................................................................................... 22
Insulation ............................................................................................................................................. 22
Electronic equipment ......................................................................................................................... 22
Hardware .............................................................................................................................................. 22
Software for electronic door control systems ................................................................................. 22
Reliability, availability, maintainability, safety (RAMS) .................................................................. 22
Protection against electrical hazards ............................................................................................... 23
Environmental conditions .................................................................................................................. 23
Weather ................................................................................................................................................ 23
Water tightness ................................................................................................................................... 24
Air pressure tightness ........................................................................................................................ 24
Manual and semi-automatic ramps, bridge plates .......................................................................... 24

5
5.1
5.1.1
5.1.2
5.1.3
5.1.4
5.1.5
5.1.6

Operational requirements .................................................................................................................. 24


Door control ........................................................................................................................................ 24
General ................................................................................................................................................. 24
Release doors and steps ................................................................................................................... 25
Interlocking of released doors .......................................................................................................... 25
Single point failure.............................................................................................................................. 25
Mechanical locking ............................................................................................................................. 25
Out of service devices ........................................................................................................................ 25

NORM DRAFT

FprEN 14752:2014 (E)

5.1.7
5.2
5.2.1
5.2.2
5.3
5.3.1
5.3.2
5.4
5.4.1
5.4.2
5.4.3
5.5
5.5.1
5.5.2
5.5.3
5.5.4
5.6
5.6.1
5.6.2

Isolation for maintenance purposes .................................................................................................. 27


Closing conditions .............................................................................................................................. 27
Safety during closing .......................................................................................................................... 27
Entrance system closed proving ....................................................................................................... 37
Opening conditions ............................................................................................................................. 38
Safety during opening ......................................................................................................................... 38
Limitation of opening .......................................................................................................................... 38
Moveable step obstacle detection ..................................................................................................... 38
General ................................................................................................................................................. 38
Steps outside the vehicle ................................................................................................................... 38
Steps inside the vehicles .................................................................................................................... 38
Emergency operation .......................................................................................................................... 39
Emergency egress ............................................................................................................................... 39
Emergency windows in access doors ............................................................................................... 41
Access device ...................................................................................................................................... 41
Powering up ......................................................................................................................................... 42
Other requirements ............................................................................................................................. 42
Passenger acces door area illumination........................................................................................... 42
Status indication .................................................................................................................................. 42

6
6.1
6.2
6.3
6.4

Categories of tests .............................................................................................................................. 43


General ................................................................................................................................................. 43
Type tests ............................................................................................................................................. 43
Routine tests ........................................................................................................................................ 43
Functional test on the fully assembled vehicle ................................................................................ 43

Documentation .................................................................................................................................... 44

Annex A (normative) Passenger Interface devices ....................................................................................... 45


A.1
Purpose ................................................................................................................................................ 45
A.2
Design of door buttons ....................................................................................................................... 45
A.3
Labels on or near door buttons ......................................................................................................... 46
A.4
Recommended emergency egress device ........................................................................................ 48
A.5
Sample of labels .................................................................................................................................. 48
Annex B (normative) Water test procedure.................................................................................................... 49
B.1
Purpose ................................................................................................................................................ 49
B.2
Test arrangement ................................................................................................................................ 49
B.3
Test decision ........................................................................................................................................ 49

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Annex C (normative) Specification and testing of the air tightness of door systems............................... 51
C.1
Purpose ................................................................................................................................................ 51
C.2
Calculation Flowchart ...................................................................................................................... 51
C.3
Example of air tightness requirements specification ...................................................................... 51
C.4
Air tightness testing ............................................................................................................................ 52
C.4.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 52
C.4.2 Variable pressure measurement method .......................................................................................... 52
C.4.3 Variant: Constant pressure method of measurement ..................................................................... 54
Annex D (normative) Requirements for measuring the closing forces of power-operated doors ........... 56
D.1
General ................................................................................................................................................. 56
D.2
Terms and definitions ......................................................................................................................... 56
D.3
Measurements ..................................................................................................................................... 57
D.3.1 Conditions of measurement ............................................................................................................... 57
D.3.2 Measurement points............................................................................................................................ 57
D.3.3 Measuring method............................................................................................................................... 57
Annex E (normative) Test plan ........................................................................................................................ 59
Annex F (normative) Load requirements for door systems due to aerodynamic loads on
passenger trains .................................................................................................................................. 61

FprEN 14752:2014 (E)

NORM DRAFT

Annex G (informative) Clauses in this European Standard requiring clarification in the technical
specification ........................................................................................................................................ 62
Annex H (normative) RIC-KEY ........................................................................................................................ 64
Annex I (informative) Calculation of kinetic energy...................................................................................... 65
Annex J (informative) Non-contact obstacle detection ................................................................................ 71
J.1
General ................................................................................................................................................. 71
J.2
Light barrier ......................................................................................................................................... 71
J.3
Step sensors for external steps ........................................................................................................ 71
J.4
Area monitoring systems ................................................................................................................... 71
J.4.1 Arrangement of area monitoring system ......................................................................................... 71
J.4.2 Testing of area monitoring system ................................................................................................... 75
Annex K (informative) Migration rule for this European Standard .............................................................. 77

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Bibliography ..................................................................................................................................................... 80

NORM DRAFT

FprEN 14752:2014 (E)

Foreword
This document (FprEN 14752:2014) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 256 Railway
applications, the secretariat of which is held by DIN.
This document is currently submitted to the Unique Acceptance Procedure.
This document will supersede EN 14752:2005.
This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the
European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive 2008/57/EC.

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For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this document.

FprEN 14752:2014 (E)

NORM DRAFT

Introduction
This European Standard specifies the minimum requirements for construction and operation of railway
passenger access systems to ensure:
safe access and egress from passenger trains through body side doors and steps;

usability for persons with reduced mobility

a minimum risk of injury to persons as a result of door and step operation;

that the doors and moveable steps, ramps, bridge plates remain closed when the vehicle is in motion; and

safe maintenance of the entrance systems.

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NORM DRAFT

FprEN 14752:2014 (E)

Scope

This European Standard is applicable to passenger body side entrance systems of all newly designed railway
vehicles such as tram, metro, suburban, mainline and high-speed trains that carry passengers. The
requirements of this European Standard also apply to existing vehicles undergoing refurbishment of the door
equipment, as far as it is reasonably practicable.
This European Standard also specifies the requirements for testing of entrance systems.
This European Standard makes reference to manual and power operated entrance systems. For manual
doors, clauses referring to power operation are not applicable.
This European Standard does not apply to the following:

entrance systems for equipment access, inspection or maintenance purposes and for crew only use;

doors on freight wagons; and

doors or hatches specifically provided for escape under emergency conditions.

Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are
indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references,
the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.
DIN 5032-7, Photometry; classification of illuminance meters and luminance meters
DIN 6164-1:1980-02, DIN colour chart; system based on the 2 standard colorimetric observer
DIN 6164-2:1980-02, DIN colour chart; specification of colour samples
EN 12663-1, Railway applications Structural requirements of railway vehicle bodies Part 1: Locomotives
and passenger rolling stock (and alternative method for freight wagons)
EN 13032 (all parts), Light and lighting Measurement and presentation of photometric data of lamps and
luminaires
EN 13272, Railway applications Electrical lighting for rolling stock in public transport systems
EN 14067 (all parts), Railway applications Aerodynamics
EN 16116-1, Railway applications Design requirements for steps, handrails and associated access for
staff Part 1: Passenger vehicles, luggage vans and locomotives

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prEN 16186-1, Railway applications Driver's cab Part 1: Visibility, layout, access
prEN 16251, Railway application Environmental conditions Design and test of rolling stock under severe
conditions
EN 45545-2, Railway applications Fire protection on railway vehicles Part 2: Requirements for fire
behavior of materials and components
EN 50121-3-2, Railway applications Electromagnetic compatibility Part 3-2: Rolling stock Apparatus