You are on page 1of 3

PUNCH POINTS

ASME B 31.3 PROCESS PIPING
(DAY 1)
1. ASME B 31.3 piping is used for construction of new piping installation and
is applicable to all piping within the battery limits of process plants (except
power plants) and petroleum refinery.
2. Revised edition and addenda of ASME B 31.3 Code may be used from
beginning with date of issue. But they become mandatory from 6 months
after issue date.
3. Code statements with “shall” mean it is a mandatory requirement. Code
statements with “should” means it is a recommendation and Code
statements with “may” means it is a optional matter.
4. Code B31.3 classifies fluids as Category D (15 – 150 psi design Pr.)
Category M (toxic), and category K (high pressure).
5. The fluids which are not category D, M or K are called “Normal” fluids.
6. Safe stress values shall be taken from Table A – 1A (stress table).
7. The material can be normally used up to the lower temperature given in
Min. Temp. Column of Table A – 1A (stress table).
8. It can not be used for lower temperature (if double line is to the left) or
higher temperature (if double line is to the right).

4. For lower temperatures. Table A-1B of B 31. The factor can be increased for Electric Fusion welded pipes by conducting additional radiography (spot or full) as per Table 302. 323. 14. 10.5% negative tolerance. 323. The thickness calculated shall be corrected for 12. dg = gasket inside diameter 13.3. Materials can be used up to given minimum temperature in table A1 (stress table) without impact testing.Thickness tm = ------------.Req. Thickness of a permanent blank for the pipe is given by: t m  dg 3P C 16 SE Where.22). 12.2. (If below the curve – impact testing is required. go to Fig. Minimum Required Thickness (tm) for a pipe of outside diameter (D) . 11. impact testing is NOT required.2.weld point factor (E) and made from material having safe stress (S).3 Code gives weld joint quality factor for manufactured pipes.9. If temperature & thickness combination point falls on or above the material curve (Fig.) mill . Material co-efficient (Y) and subjected to internal pressure (P) is given by: PD Min.+ C 2(SE + PY) where C = corrosion allowance.

For joining unequal schedule pipe. Typically. the throat of fillet weld is calculated as throat = 0. 17. In dissimilar pipe joints higher temperature of the two is to be used for preheating. Recommendation becomes requirement if ambient temp is <0°C. The pre-heat zone shall extend at least one inch beyond the edge of the weld. For fillet weld. Table 330. 18. tapering or step-slot shall be made inside thicker pipe for weld fit-up. To know which material is represented by which curve (Fig.15. B. All welding shall be done by qualifying procedures and welders according to ASME Sec. 23.2. For impact testing. If two specimens are below required average.1. 3 specimens are required. 19. Curve A materials are Most Brittle. 21. 16. C. or one specimen is less than average but also less than minimum for one specimen — Retest. 22. go to table A-1 (stress table). 24. If the average of 3 specimens > = Required Average and value of only one specimen is less than average but more than minimum for one specimen — Accept. IX. D).1 gives required and recommended pre-heat temperature. 20.2.707 size of weld. . After retest all three must equal or exceed the average. curves A. 323.