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WORKSHEET

INVESTIGATING THE

DENSITY OF WATER AND ICE

EXPERIMENT:

INTRODUCTION

There are a number of important properties that assist in identifying elements and pure compounds.

These include density, melting point and boiling point.

The density of a substance is the measure of its compactness and is calculated from the ratio:

density

mass (g)

volume (mL)

a

b

measure the mass of several different volumes of water and use these to calculate the density of water

use a similar procedure to calculate the density of ice.

EQUIPMENT

100 mL beaker

wide diameter measuring cylinder

electronic balance

distilled water

ice cubes (made with distilled water and small enough to fit into the measuring cylinder)

10 mL pipette

forceps or glass rod

thermometer

PROCEDURE

1

Accurately measure the mass of the empty beaker. Record this in the table below.

Add a known volume of distilled water (use the pipette) to the beaker and reweigh. Record this in

the table.

Repeat this procedure until you have at least 5 measurements (use 10 mL increments from the

starting volume). Record all measurements in the table.

CONQUERINGCHEMISTRY PRELIM

MODULE 3 WS 1

RESULTS

1

DENSITY OF WATER AT __________________C

TRIAL 1

TRIAL 2

TRIAL 3

TRIAL 4

TRIAL 5

cylinder (g)

Mass of measuring cylinder

+ water (g)

Mass of water (g)

Volume of water (mL)

On the grid paper below plot the experimental values for volume in mL (horizontal axis) and mass

in g (vertical axis).

Use a ruler to draw the line of best fit which goes through the origin.

The slope of the line is a measure of density. From the graph calculate the slope and hence the

density of water.

density _______________

CONQUERINGCHEMISTRY PRELIM

MODULE 3 WS 1

QUESTIONS

1

How did your value compare with those of the rest of the class?

Design an investigation to calculate the density of ice.

HINT: The volume of solids is often measured using a known mass and submerging it in water (use

forceps or a glass rod to keep your ice cube submerged). The rise in the water level is equal to the

volume of the solid.

PROCEDURE

1

RESULTS

DENSITY OF ICE (g/cm3)

TRIAL 1

TRIAL 2

TRIAL 3

TRIAL 4

TRIAL 5

Density (g/mL)

CONQUERINGCHEMISTRY PRELIM

MODULE 3 WS 1

QUESTIONS

1

Did you expect the density of ice to be less than or greater than that of water? How did your

experimental results compare with your expectation?

How did your value compare with those of other groups in the class?

Discuss any difficulties you encountered with this investigation. What errors may have occurred?

How could you improve on this investigation?

CONQUERINGCHEMISTRY PRELIM

MODULE 3 WS 1

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