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INTRODUCTION

The given

Type of required writing


Figure

The supplied

Data

The presented

Bar chart

The shown

Pie chart

The provided

Line graph

Verb

data
information

Show
about
Give

data
information

on

Table

Providethat

Map

(Re)Presentabout

Diagram

Describe
Depict: show an image
Illustrate that
Compare and/with/to
Figure
Exhibit
Indicate that

Comparing word
Noun

Preposition

Detail information
Noun
Adverb

Phrase

Comparison with

Fromto

Field

Namely

In term of

Comparison of

Between

Term

Respectiv

In the field

and/with/to

and

ely

of

Comparison between
and
Difference in
Difference between
and
Number of

Information on/about/of
Data on
Proportion ofto
rates/ levels of....

Verb
Make up
Count for
Compare to/with
Relative to

I/ Indicating upward movement


Verbs
Transitive verb
(to) increase
(to) raise
(to) push/put/set

Nouns
Intransitive verb
(to) increase
(to) rise [rose,risen]
(to) go/be up

(an) increase
(a) raise/ rise
(an) upswing

(to) grow
(to) extend/expand

(a) growth
(an) extension/

(to) progress
(to)

expansion
(a) progression
(a) boom

boom/soar/climb
(to) jump/

(a) jump

(sky)rocket
(to) reach a peak/

(a) peak

Adjective

up
(to) extend/expand

peak
(to) reach an alltime high
Upward
(to) leap

(to) leap [ leapt,

(a) leap

leapt]

II/ Indicating downward movement


Verbs
Transitive verb
(to) decrease
(to) cut/ reduce

Nouns
Intransitive verb
(to) decrease
(to) fall off [fell,

(a) decrease
(a) cut/reduction

fallen]
(to)

(a) plunge

plunge/plummet
(to) drop off
(to) go down
(to) decline
(to) collapse

(a) drop
(a) downswing
(a) decline
(a)

Adjective

collapse{dramatic

(to) dip

(to)
(to)
(to)
(to)
(to)

slump/ go bust
bottom out
surge
dip
dive * use only

fall}
(a) slump
(a) upsurge
(a) dip

for prices
(to) sink
[sank,sunk]
(to) slip
Upward

III/ Indicating no movement


Verbs
Transitive verb
(to) keepstable
(to) holdconstant
(to) stabilize

Nouns
Intransitive verb
(to) remain stable
(to) stay constant
(to) stabilize

[period of]

Phrases

stability
(a) plateau: no

(to) reach a

change after a

plateau

period of growth
(to) remain
static/
unchanged

IV/ Indicating a change of direction


Verbs
Transitive verb
(to) level off

(to) stand at

(to) fluctuate
(to) vary

Nouns
Intransitive verb
(to) level off/ out
(to)
(to)
(to)
(to)

flatten out
stop falling/rising
remain steady
stop falling/rising

and star rising/falling


(to) fluctuate
(to) vary with/ from

(a) levelling-off
(a) change

(a) fluctuation
(a) variation in/of

to

V/ Strength & Weakness & Neutral degree

Strength

Adjective
Sharp
Sudden
Rapid
Abrupt
Dramatic
Significant
Considerable
Wild
Extreme
Steep
Spectacular
Substantial

Adverb
Sharply
Suddenly
Rapidly
Abruptly
Dramatically
Significantly
Considerably
Wildly
Extremely
Steeply
Spectacularly
Substantially

Neutral

Steady
Consistent

Steadily
Consistently

Weakness

Slight
Gradual
Modest
Marginal

Slightly
Gradually
Modestly
Marginally

BAR CHART
I/ Structure
+ Introduction: thay i t ng trong cu, ch trong mt cu, units are
meansured in
+ Body paragraph:
Paragraph 1:
-

1 Cu nh gi chung
1 cu ci j cao nht, ci j thp nht ( ko a ra s liu)
1 cu c bit ( nu so snh 2 subject)
Paragraph 2:

Ci cao ca subject 1
Paragraph 3:

Ci cao ca subject 2
STRUCTURE

is the ( superlative highest item 1), compared to ( suparlative lowest


item 1)