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# COVENANT UNIVERSITY

## Km 10, Idiroko Road Canaan Land Ota

College:
Engineering
Department:

Chemical Engineering

Programme:

Chemical Engineering

Course Title:

## Chemical Reaction engineering I

Course Code:

CHE 416

Units:

Course Lecturers:

## Dr. Ayeni, O & Engr Sanni, E.S

Semester:
Time:
Location:

Alpha
MON: 9-10am, FRI: 10-12 Pm
C37 Chemical Engineering Building

## Brief Overview of Course / Introduction

The underlying assumptions and reasons for the considerations of Ideal
reactors are introduced herein. The design equations of each of the ideal
reactors-batch, plug flow and continuous stirred tank reactors are derived
and used to design isothermal reactors which are then compared with the
model reactors from which they were formed. Reactor systems-a
combination of ideal reactors in series and parallel are compared with single
ideal reactors. Material and energy balance equations are combined too, in
order for the students to be able to adequately understand, proffer solutions
to design problems and assess reactors operating under non-isothermal
situations. Real and ideal reactors are compared and the reasons for their
deviations from ideal behaviours are explained. Residence time distribution
functions are introduced and used to explain the deviations from ideal

behaviour. Conversions for first order reactions are predicted in real reactors
and other parameters such as rate volume etc. of the reactors are also
accounted for. Combined reactor models are used to account for other orders
of reaction.
Course Objectives/Goals
At the end of the course, students should be able to:

## Understand the assumptions for the ideal reactor models-batch,

continuous stirred tank reactors and plug flow reactors

Ability to use the design equations of the reactors to design and assess
the performance of ideal reactors in isothermal operation.

## Use the energy balance equation, in combination with the design

equations to design and assess the performance of reactors in nonisothermal operations

Compare ideal with real reactors and explain deviations from ideal
behaviour

reactors

## Power point Slides

Multimedia
Interactive lecture sessions in Class rooms

Course Outlines
Module 1: Weeks 1-4

reactions

## Comparison of the performances of single and combined ideal reactors

for isothermal reactions

temperature

## Energy balance equations for reactors

Combination of energy balance and design equations to solve nonisothermal operations of reactors in steady state.

## REVISION/FURTHER TUTORIALS: Weeks 11-12

Tutorials
30 minutes of tutorial for every two hours of interactive lectures
Structure of Programme/ method of grading
The final course grade will be weighted according to the following scheme:

Semester Exam

15%
15%
70%

## Unexpected quizzes will be given (once each week) to reinforce

important principles and to encourage preparation for class.

from quiz.

## Investigations of the reactions of the airbag:

How does it work and what are the limitations?

## Alignment With covenant University Vison/Goals

The course is in line with producing chemical engineers (new generation
engineers) capable of facing the design and operational challenges often
faced by engineers in the industry. With the knowledge gained herein, they
can upgrade performance and alter design specifications in order boost
productivity. The course will help the students develop good decision-making
skills / risk analysis when the need arises; especially in cases of emergencies
during plant operations. The course will foster good design of equipment
(product development), fabrication, sales/commercialization (innovation) and
domestication (nation building)
Contemporary Issues/ Industry relevance
The reactor is the central feature of most chemical processes. Their
performances determine to a large extent, the cost of the overall process
.The problems discussed are a combination of theoretical and actual
problems.
Recommended books/Texts

## Coker, A. K. Modeling of Chemical Kinetics and Reactor Design, Gulf

Publishing Company, Houston, Texas, 2001

Levenspiel, O., Chemical Reaction Engineering, 3rd ed., John Wiley and
Sons, New York 1999

## Fogler, H. S., Elements Of Chemical Reaction Engineering,,2nd ed.,

Prentice-Hall , International,1995

## Nauman, E.B., Chemical Reactor Design, Optimization, and Scale up,

McGraw-Hill, NEW York 2002