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COVENANT UNIVERSITY

Km 10, Idiroko Road Canaan Land Ota


2016/2017 Academic Session
College:
Engineering
Department:

Chemical Engineering

Programme:

Chemical Engineering

Course Title:

Chemical Reaction engineering I

Course Code:

CHE 416

Units:

Course Lecturers:

Dr. Ayeni, O & Engr Sanni, E.S

Semester:
Time:
Location:

Alpha
MON: 9-10am, FRI: 10-12 Pm
C37 Chemical Engineering Building

Brief Overview of Course / Introduction


The underlying assumptions and reasons for the considerations of Ideal
reactors are introduced herein. The design equations of each of the ideal
reactors-batch, plug flow and continuous stirred tank reactors are derived
and used to design isothermal reactors which are then compared with the
model reactors from which they were formed. Reactor systems-a
combination of ideal reactors in series and parallel are compared with single
ideal reactors. Material and energy balance equations are combined too, in
order for the students to be able to adequately understand, proffer solutions
to design problems and assess reactors operating under non-isothermal
situations. Real and ideal reactors are compared and the reasons for their
deviations from ideal behaviours are explained. Residence time distribution
functions are introduced and used to explain the deviations from ideal

behaviour. Conversions for first order reactions are predicted in real reactors
and other parameters such as rate volume etc. of the reactors are also
accounted for. Combined reactor models are used to account for other orders
of reaction.
Course Objectives/Goals
At the end of the course, students should be able to:

Understand the assumptions for the ideal reactor models-batch,


continuous stirred tank reactors and plug flow reactors

Ability to use the design equations of the reactors to design and assess
the performance of ideal reactors in isothermal operation.

Use the energy balance equation, in combination with the design


equations to design and assess the performance of reactors in nonisothermal operations

Compare ideal with real reactors and explain deviations from ideal
behaviour

Residence time distribution functions

Predictions of conversions in real reactors for first order reactions.

Use of combined reactor models to account for conversions in real


reactors

Method of Lecture Delivery/Teaching Aids

Power point Slides


Multimedia
Interactive lecture sessions in Class rooms

Course Outlines
Module 1: Weeks 1-4

Ideal reactors assumptions and reasons for their considerations

Material balance and design equations for ideal reactors

Comparison of the performances of single ideal reactors for isothermal


reactions

Comparison of the performances of single and combined ideal reactors


for isothermal reactions

Solving the design equations for isothermal multiple reactions

Module 2: Weeks 4-7

Enthalpy, heat of reaction and equilibrium constant as a function of


temperature

Energy balance equations for reactors

Combination of energy balance and design equations to solve nonisothermal operations of reactors in steady state.

Optimum reaction temperature for single and multiple reactions

Adiabatic operations of ideal reactors

Non-adiabatic operation of ideal reactors

Inter-stage heating /cooling of reactors

Module 3: Weeks 8-10

Real reactors and deviations from ideal reactors

Measurement of Residence time distribution in vessels.

Residence time distribution functions and their relationships

Residence time distribution functions of ideal and real reactors

REVISION/FURTHER TUTORIALS: Weeks 11-12


Tutorials
30 minutes of tutorial for every two hours of interactive lectures
Structure of Programme/ method of grading
The final course grade will be weighted according to the following scheme:

Assignments & Quizzes

Mid Semester Test

Semester Exam

15%
15%
70%

Ground rules & regulations

Unexpected quizzes will be given (once each week) to reinforce


important principles and to encourage preparation for class.

Only official University/medical excuse will be tolerated for absence


from quiz.

Some quizzes will be given during tutorials

Topic for Term paper/ Assignment /Student Activiteis

Investigations of the reactions of the airbag:


How does it work and what are the limitations?

Alignment With covenant University Vison/Goals


The course is in line with producing chemical engineers (new generation
engineers) capable of facing the design and operational challenges often
faced by engineers in the industry. With the knowledge gained herein, they
can upgrade performance and alter design specifications in order boost
productivity. The course will help the students develop good decision-making
skills / risk analysis when the need arises; especially in cases of emergencies
during plant operations. The course will foster good design of equipment
(product development), fabrication, sales/commercialization (innovation) and
domestication (nation building)
Contemporary Issues/ Industry relevance
The reactor is the central feature of most chemical processes. Their
performances determine to a large extent, the cost of the overall process
.The problems discussed are a combination of theoretical and actual
problems.
Recommended books/Texts

Coker, A. K. Modeling of Chemical Kinetics and Reactor Design, Gulf


Publishing Company, Houston, Texas, 2001

Levenspiel, O., Chemical Reaction Engineering, 3rd ed., John Wiley and
Sons, New York 1999

Fogler, H. S., Elements Of Chemical Reaction Engineering,,2nd ed.,


Prentice-Hall , International,1995

Nauman, E.B., Chemical Reactor Design, Optimization, and Scale up,


McGraw-Hill, NEW York 2002