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1. Personal Pronouns.

Yo (I)
Tú (You)
Él /Ella/ Ello (He/ she/ it)
Nosotros (We)
Vosotros (You)
Ellos/Ellas (They)

2. Possessive Pronouns.
We can see 2 types of possesive pronouns:

This is my house.
Ésta es mi casa.

tu(s), de ti / su(s), de usted

This is your book.
Éste es tu libro. / Éste es su libro.

su(s), de él

This is his bicycle.
Ésta es su bicicleta.

su(s), de ella

This is her dress.
Éste es su vestido.


This is its (the cat´s) home.
Ésta es su casa (la casa del gato).

nuestro(s), de nosotros

These are our suitcases.
Éstas son nuestras maletas.

vuestro(s) / su(s), de

These are your seats.
Éstos son vuestros asientos. / Éstos son sus

Las maletas son nuestras. La casa es suya (del gato). Éstos son sus libros.ustedes asientos. Este lápiz es de ellos. yours vuestro(s) / suyo(s) These seats are yours. de ellos These are their books. / Estos asientos son suyos. Demonstrative Pronouns. hers suyo(s) The dress is hers. Esta bicicleta es de él. theirs suyo(s) This pencil is theirs. 3. Estos asientos son vuestros. its su(s) The house is its (the cat´s). their su(s). El vestido es de ella. . yours tuyo(s) / suyo(s) Is this book yours? ¿Este libro es tuyo? / ¿Este libro es suyo? his suyo(s) This bicycle is his. And the second type is: mine mío(s) This book is mine. Este libro es mío. ours nuestro(s) The suitcases are ours.

5. ustedes mismos Did you paint the house yourselves? ¿Pintasteis la casa vosotros mismos? / ¿Pintaron la casa ustedes mismos? themselves ellos mismos They were speaking to themselves. aquél. Yo mismo lo vi. a mí I saw it myself. Sentence structure. ourselves nosotros mismos We made it ourselves. aquello/a) these (estos/as) those (esos/as.this (este/a/o) that (ese/a/o. a sí mismo The cat scratched itself. El gato se rascó. Lo hizo ella misma. a sí misma She did it herself. myself yo mismo. Lo hemos hecho nosotros mismos. . Reflexive Pronouns. usted mismo (a usted) Don’t burn yourself! ¡No te quemes! / ¡No se queme! himself él mismo a sí mismo He hurt himself. yourselves vosotros mismos. itself él mismo. Se hizo daño. yourself tú mismo (a tí). herself ella misma. Ellos hablaban consigo mismos. aquellos/as) 4.

Example: Melvin no quiere jugar (Melvin doesnt want to play) Our no is like your dont/doesnt . (I think you can look it better in spanish because we have differents ends for every person and every tense of the verbs)  Negative Sentences (Oraciones Negativas) The formation is: In Spanish. animal or thing that performs the action of the verb or who says something and the predicate is the rest of the sentence since the verb. (The dog has a ball) “El perro” = Subject “tiene” = Verb “una pelota” = Complement *Sometimes the verb appear before than the subject. (first basically things) Example: En ese momento entraron los invitados (In that moment entered the guests) *Another times the subject doesnt appear in the sentence. (El sujeto y el predicado) The subject is the the person. that its a pasive sentence.  Afirmative sentences (Oraciones afirmativas) The formation is: Subject + Verb + Complement (Sujeto + Verbo + Complemento) Example: El perro tiene una pelota. In spanish we have like in english different types of sentences.the subject in this sentence is “They” First person of plural. Example: Compraron un coche nuevo la semana pasada (Bought a new car last week) Who bought the car? .In spain the formation of a sentence always have 2 important parts that always appear in every sentence: The subject and the predicate. In syntax. a predicate is the constituent of the sentence that provides information about the subject. the negative form is obtained writing” no” before the conjugated verb. but we wont learn that yet. and you have to find it looking the tense of the verb and choosing the correct person of plurar or singular.

* When we want to put more force when we express negation we sometimes use 2 times the adverb “no”. because the translation is positive (“algo” in spanish) Therefore in english doesnt exist the double negation like in spanish. (I will never go to this country.. * We have to the double negation in spanish formed:  no .. (There is nothing nicer. (I dont see anyone on the street..... tampoco Ejemplo: Yo no lo sé tampoco. 6.)  no .. nunca/jamás Ejemplo: No voy a ir nunca a ese país. (I do not know any good dentist. ni Ejemplo: Eso no tiene ni pies ni cabeza.. (I do not know either.)  no .)  no . nada Ejemplo: No hay nada más bonito. (a) nadie Ejemplo: No veo a nadie en la calle.) *But in englisg for example the word “anything” (nada) is not consider negative. The formation of this sentences its the same than the afirmative clauses but writed between “¿?”. questions are usually between two question marks (?). In Spanish... Example: ... (It has neither head nor tail. ningún Ejemplo: No conozco ningún buen dentista. Interrogative Sentences.)  no ... ni . They can be classified in total questions (yes-no) or partial and direct or indirect.)  no .

An action movie. Example: What are you going to see? .) For the last type of interrogative sentences you need to use the interrogative pronoums: WHO (Quien/ Quienes) WHAT (Qué) WHICH (Cual/Cuales) WHOSE (De quien / de quienes) WHEN (Cuando) WHERE (Donde) HOW (Cómo) Examples: Who was the creator of our flag? ¿Quién fue el creador de nuestra bandera? What did he say before leaving? ¿Qué dijo antes de irse? Which South American country do you want to visit? ¿Cuál país sudamericano quiere visitar? Whose house is this? ¿De quién es esta casa? Whose books have you finally bought? ¿Los libros de quién has comprado finalmente? . Another types of interrogative sentence in spanish are questions can not be answered with a yes or no. if you need more information has been provided. (¿Qué vas a ver? – Una película de acción.Do you like to go to the cinema? → ¿Te gusta ir al cine? Can i go with you? → ¿Puedo ir contigo? Do you like to buy popcorn? → ¿Quieres comprar palomitas? *The normal answer for these sentences is usually yes (si) or not (no).

When is your birthday? ¿Cuándo es tu cumpleaños? Where are you going tomorrow? ¿Adónde vas mañana? How are you today? ¿Cómo estás hoy? .