SEKOLAH MENENGAH

KEBANGSAAN SIMPANG RENGAM
MID-YEAR EXAMINATION 2010
CHEMISTRY PAPER 2 FORM FOUR
TWO HOURS AND THIRTY MINUTES

Section

A

NAME ...............
……………………...........

B
C

FORM : 4…….

Questi
on
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

Full mark

mark

10
10
10
10
11
9
20
20
Total

SECTION A
[60 marks]
Answer all questions in this section.
1. Graph 1 shows the temperature against time of solid substance X when heated. Substance X
is an organic compound and flammable.

Graph 1

a) (i) State the melting point of substance X
........................................................................................................................................
[ 1 mark]
(ii) What is the state of matter of substance X at :
PQ : ...............................................................................................................................
RS : ...............................................................................................................................
[ 2 marks]
(iii) Explain why the temperature remains constant from Q to R?
........................................................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................................
[ 2 marks]
(iv) State how the movement of substance X particles changes between R and S
during heating.
………………………………………………………………………………………..................
[ 1 mark]
b) If substance X cooled to the room temperature, draw the graph of
temperature against time obtained.

[ 2 marks]

c) Draw the arrangement of particles for substance X at 90oC

[ 2 marks]
2. Table 2 shows the number of proton, electrons and neutrons for atom P, Q and R
Atom
P
Q
R

Proton Number
11
17
17

Nucleon Number
35
37
Table 2

(a) What is meant by nucleon number?
......................................................................................................................................................
......................................................................................................................................................
[ 1 mark]
(b) State the nucleon number of P if the number of neutron is
12
............................................................................................................................................
.........
A
[ 1 mark]
(c) Write the symbol of atom P in the form of

Z

Y

......................................................................................................................................................
[ 1 mark]
(d) Write the electron arrangement of atom Q
......................................................................................................................................................
[ 1 mark]
(ii) What is the number of valance electrons in atom Q.
......................................................................................................................................................
[ 1 mark]
(e) Which atoms are isotopes? Explain why.
......................................................................................................................................................
[ 2 marks]
(f) Table 3 shows four substances and their respective formulae.
Substances
Chemical formula
Iodine
I2
Copper
Cu
Naphthalene
C10H8
Copper (II) Sulphate
CuSO4
Use information from table 3 to answer the following questions.
(i) State one substance which exist as a molecule.
......................................................................................................................................................
[ 1 mark]
(ii) Which substance can conduct electricity in the solid or molten state?
......................................................................................................................................................
[ 1 mark]
(iii) What type of particle presents in copper(II) sulphate?
......................................................................................................................................................

[ 1 mark]
3. Table 4 shows formula of four ions.
Name of ions
Sodium ion
Magnesium ion

Formula of ions

Na

+

Mg

2+

Sulphate ion

SO4

chloride ion

2-

Cl-

(a) Write the formulae for each compound below :
(i) Sodium sulphate : ................................................................................................................
(ii) Magnesium chloride : .......................................................................................................
(iii) Sodium chloride : ...........................................................................................................
(iv) Magnesium sulphate : .........................................................................................................
[4 marks]
(b) When Sodium metal is added to water, metal hydroxide solution and hydrogen gas are formed.
(i) Identify the reactants and products of the reaction.
Reactants : ................................................................................................................
Products : ..................................................................................................................
[2 marks]
(ii) Write the chemical equation for the reaction occurs in (b).
..................................................................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
(c) The following equation shows the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide,H2O2
2H2O2(l)

2H2O(l)
+
O2(g)
Calculate the volume of oxygen gas, O2 measured at STP that can be obtained from the
decomposition of 34 g of hydrogen peroxide,H2O2
[Relative atomic mass, O= 16, H=1, molar volume of gas at STP 22.4 dm3 ]

[3 marks]

4. In an experiment to determine empirical formula for substance R, The percentages
composition by mass for each of element has been obtained as follows;
Mg = 20.0%

S = 26.7%

O= 53.3%

[Relative atomic mass, Mg=24, S=32, O=16, C=12]
a) What is meant by empirical formula ?
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………...................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
b) Based on the result of the experiment, determine the empirical formula for R.

[3 marks]
c) Draw set up apparatus to determine the empirical formula of Magnesium Oxide in laboratory

[2 marks]
d) Substance L, has the empirical formula CH2O.
i) If the relative molecular mass for L is 120, determine the molecular formula for this
substance.

[2 marks]
ii) Calculate the percentage by mass of carbon element in the substance L.

[2 marks]

5. Diagram 5 shows part of the periodic table of elements P, Q, R, S, T, U and V do not represent
the actual symbol of the elements.

P
Q

R

T

S

U
V

Using the letters in the periodic table of elements in diagram 2, answer the following questions.
a) How is the elements arranged in periodic table
………………………………………………………………………………..........................................
[1 mark]
b) Write the electron arrangement of atom T
………………………………………………………………………………..........................................
[1 mark]
c) Arrange the element P, Q,R, and T according to the atomic size in ascending order.
………………………………………………………………………………..........................................
[1 mark]
d) Which Element exists as a monoatomic gas. Explain why.
………………………………………………………………………………..........................................
………………………………………………………………………………..........................................
[2 marks]
e) Q and T have same chemical properties
i) Which element is more reactive
………………………………………………………………………………..........................................
[1 mark]
ii. Explain your answer in d)i)
………………………………………………………………………………..........................................
[1 mark]
f)

State the position of element S in the periodic table

………………………………………………………………………………..........................................
[2 marks]
g) Which element is the transition element. State one special characteristic of transition element

………………………………………………………………………………..........................................
[2 marks]

6. Period 3 consists of the elements as shown below

Na, Mg, Al, Si, P,S,Cl,Ar
a) Pick an element that conducts electricity.
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
[1 mark]
b) How does the atomic radius change as we go across the Period from left to right. Explain your
answer
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
[2 marks]
c) Pick an element that exists as a monoatomic.
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
[1 mark]
d) Which element formed amphoteric oxide when react with oxygen.Write the formula of the
oxide form
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
[2 marks]
e) Pick an oxide which is basic and can dissolve in water.
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
[1 mark]
f)

Write an equation for the reaction when this oxide dissolves in water.

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
[2 marks]

SECTION B
[20marks]
Answer the question from this section.
7) Figure shows the standard representation for four element, Carbon, Oxygen, Sodium and
Chlorine.
12
6

C

23
O

16
8

Cl

11

35
Na
17

a) Construct a table to compare the four elements, with respect to the following
•The number of protons.
• The number of neutrons
• The electron arrangements
• The number of valence electrons.

[8 marks]
Element M has 19 of proton number. State the Group and The Period of element M in
Periodic Table. Explain your answer

b)

[4 marks]
c) Compare the matter in solid, liquid and gas formed in terms of ;
i) Arrangement of particles.
ii) The movement of particles.
iii) The force of attraction between particles.
iv) The energy content.
[8 marks]
SECTION C
[20 marks]
Answer the question from this section.
8) Empirical formula for magnesium oxide can be determine by combustion magnesium metal with
excess oxygen gas.
(i) Describe the experiment conducted to determine the empirical formula of magnesium oxide.
Your experiment should include
 Diagram of set up apparatus.
 Procedure.
 Tabulation of data
 Calculation
 Precaution.
[15 marks]
(ii) Write the balance chemical equation for the reaction between magnesium metal with oxygen
gas to produce white magnesium oxide
[2 marks]
(iii)
this

Calculate The mass of magnesium oxide produce if 0.1 mol of oxygen gas is use in
experiment.
[3 marks]

Prepared by,

Certified by,

………………………..

…………………………

(Sensrazazli B Baharim)

(Pn Chua Hwee Kian)

Marking Scheme Form 4 Chemistry Paper 2
Section A
1.

a)i) 800C
ii)PQ : Solid

iii)
iv)

1m
RS : Liquid

2m

Energy is absorbed by particle to overcome the force of attraction between particle. 2m
Move faster.
1m
b) Room temperature, oC
-label axis with unit-1
- smooth curve -1
2m
Time,s
TOTAL 10M
c) .

2m
2.

a) The total number of proton and neutron in a nucleus of an atom.
b) 23
c) P
d) i) 2.8.7
ii) 7
e) Q and R,
Have the same proton number but different nucleon number //
Have the same number of protons but different number of neutrons..
f) I) Iodine / naphthalene
ii) Copper / Copper(II) sulphate.
iii) Ion.
3.

a) (i) NaNO3
(ii) MgCl2
(iii)NaCl

1m
1m
1m
1m
1m
1m
1m
1m
1m
1m
TOTAL 10
1m
1m
1m

(iv)
Mg(NO3)2
b) i) Reactant : Sodium and Water// Na and H2O
Product : Sodium hydroxide and hydrogen gas // NaOH and H2
ii) 2Na +
2H2O  2NaOH
+
H2

1m
1m
1m

c) Mol of H2O2 = 34/34 = 1 mol

1m

Mol of O2 = ½ X 1
Volume of O2

1m

= 0.5 mol

1m

= 0.5 x 22.4 = 11.2 dm3

1m
TOTAL 10M

4.

a) Empirical formula is formula that show simplest whole number ratio of each atom in the
compound.
1M

mol
ratio of
mol

Mg
20
24
0.83
0.83
1

Empirical
formula

S
26.7
32
0.83
0.83
1

O
53.3
16
3.33
0.83
4

b) .

1M

MgSO4
1M
1M

c) .
Functional diagram – 1
Labeled – 1

2M
d) (CH2O)n

= 120

12 n+ 2n + 16n = 120
30n

= 120
n

=4

molecular formula = C4H8O4

1m
1m

e)

Mass of carbon in substance L = 2 X 12 = 24
1m
% of carbon in substance L
= 48/ 120 X120
= 40%
5.

a) in order of increasing proton number.
b) 2.8 .1
c) P, R, Q, and T
d) P
Because atom P Atom P has stable / duplet electron arrangement
e) i) T
ii) Larger size easy to release electron/ more electropositive.

1m
TOTAL 10m
1m
1m
1m
1m
1m
1m
1m

f)



Group 17
Period 2
g) V,
Show different oxidation number.
Form coloured compound.
Use as catalyst.
[any one]
6.

1m
1m
1m

1m

a) Na /Mg /Al
b) Decrease,
Because the force of attraction between nucleus and electron is stronger.
c) Ar
d) Al
Al2O3
e) Oxide of Na / Mg
f) Na2O
+ H2O  2 NaOH // MgO
+ H2O  Mg(OH)2

TOTAL 11
1m
1m
1m
1m
1m
1m
1m
1m
TOTAL 9m

SECTION B

C
No. of protons
No. of neutrons
Electron
arrangement
No. of valence
electron

O

6
6
2.4

8
8
2.6

Na
11
12
2.8.1

4

6

1

Cl
17
18
2.8.7
7

7. a)

[2 mark given to any correct row or column]

8m

b) – Atom M has 19 electron.
- Electron arrangement of atom M is 2.8.8.1
- Atom M located at Group 1 because has 1 valence electron.
- Atom M located at period 4 because has 4 shell filled by electron

1m
1m
1m
1m
4m

c)
Arrangement of
particle
The movement
of particle

Solid
The particles are
packed closely
together in orderly
manner
Vibrate and rotate
on their fixed
position

liquid
The particles are
packed closely
together but not in
orderly manner
The particles move
freely, they collide
against each other.

The force of
Very strong
Less strong
attraction
between
particles
The energy
low
medium
content
[2 marks given to any correct row or column]

Gas
The particles are
very far apart from
each other.
The particle move
freely, the rate of
collision is greater
than the rate of
collision in a liquid.
Weak

higher
TOTAL 20m

8. (i)

1m
Procedure:
1. Clean magnesium ribbon with sand paper

1m

2. Weigh crucible and its lid

1m

Element

Mg
y-x
y −x
24
a

Mass (g)
Number of moles
Simplest ratio of moles

O
z-y
z −y
16
b

3. Put magnesium ribbon into the crucible
and weigh the crucible with its lid
1m
4. Heat strongly the crucible without its lid
1m

5. Cover the crucible when the magnesium starts to burn and lift/raise the lid a little at intervals 1m
6. Remove the lid when the magnesium burnt completely

1m

7. Heat strongly the crucible for a few minutes

1m

8. Cool and weigh the crucible with its lid and the content

1m

9. Record all the mass

1m

Tabulation of data
Crucible + lid
Crucible + lid + magnesium
Crucible + lid + magnesium
oxide

Mass/g
x
y
z
1m

Calculation :

Empirical formula: MgaOb / MgO

2m
1m

Precaution
Repeat the processes of heating, cooling and weighing until a constant mass is obtained

1m

ii ) 2 Mg

2m

+

O2

 2MgO

iii) Mol of MgO = 2 X 0.1
Mass of MgO

= 0.2 mol.
= 0.2 X 40
=8g

1m
1m
1m
TOTAL 20M

END OF MARKING SCHEME

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