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.. 2555-2556
ISBN 978 - 616 - 372 - 287 - 4
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2/9 31 -
10800
0-2587-3137 0-2587-3295


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29 2555 09.30 11.30 . (2 )

1.
() 7
2. 30 100 2
1 25 3

1 10 2 20

2 10 4 40

3 5 6 30
2


5 2 10
3. 1 -
/
4.
5.
6. 1

7.



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1
1 10 1 10 2
1 A(-5,2), B(3,2) C(1,k) k > 0 ABC
12 k
2. 5 x 5 x 5 6

3 x 3

3. A 555 11% B 5,555 1%


% a a
4.

5. 3 3x2 + bx + 3 = 0 b
6.


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11

8. 283, 427 715


9. x2555 + 2555 x + 1
10. N

N N

2 10 11 20 4
11. 4 6 9
3
12. 100 7.45

5
a

6
7

7
b

8
43

10
21

a + 3b

13. x

(x - 7) (y - 7) = 29 x + y

14. a b b < a a
2x (ax - 6) + 4x 2 + b = 0 a


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15. 444 1

16. 60

17. 3 1 6

18. ABCD AB CD CD
AB E BD ABCD
18 ADE
19. x, y, z
(x + y) (x + y + z) = 128
(y + z) (x + y + z) = 224
(x + z) (x + y + z) = 160
2y + z - x
20. 4 6
AB F AB (
2 3 = 1.73, 2 = 1.41, 5 = 2.24)
B
F


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3 5 21 25 6
21.

22. ABC AB = 2011 , BC = 2012


CA = 2013 0 ABC A BC D
AB AC E F EF
23. ABC B AB = 40 BC = 30
M AC N AN = CN = 65
BMN
24. a, b, c, d, f
n abcabc
m dffd
f = 0 (m,n) m + n
25. x, y z 3

= 36 x2 + y2 + z2


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2
5 2 10
26. In a class of 50 students each student donated 200 Baht to help 2 of their
classmates, who were victims of a flood disaster. How much money did each
victim receive? (The donator exclude the victims, both victims received equal
amount of money)
27. Which of the following expressions is equivalent to 3x 2 ?
a. 18 5(x 1) 10x + 11
b. 15x + 22 12(x 2)
c. 6(x 1) 9(x 2) 10
d. 5(1 x) 8(1 x) + 1
28. A father is four times as old as his son, and the difference between their
ages is 36 years. How old is his father ?
29. In the figure given below, If AB // CD,
BAG = 20, GED = 22, FED = 58, EAG = y, EGA = x
then x + y = ?
F
E

58
22
x

20

G
B


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30. ABCD is a quadrilateral and BD is one of the diagonals perpendicular to


DC as shown in figure.
If AB = CD = 5 cm, AD = BC = 13 cm, BD = 12 cm and the area of
ABCD = a cm2 then a = ?
D

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(

)

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29 2555 09.30 11.30 . (2 )

1.
()
2. 30 100 2
1 25 3

1 10 2 20

2 10 4 40

3 5 6 30
2


5 2 10
3. 1 -
/
4.
5.
6. 1

7.



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1
1 10 1 10 2
1. A(-5,2), B(3,2) C(1,k) k > 0 ABC
12 k

1 x
2


5

2. 5 x 5 x 5 6

3 x 3


(3 x 3 x 5) + 4(3 x 3 x 1) = 81
81


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3. A 555 11% B 5,555 1%


% a a

555 x 100

A
= 500
111
5555 x 100

B
= 5500
101

110 x 100 = 11 %
6000
6

a = 11

11

4.




x2 + x2 = (9 2) 2
x
= 9

4x = 36
36


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5. 3 3x2 + bx + 3 = 0 b
3x2 + bx + 3 = (x - 3)(3x - 1)

b = - 10
-10

6.

7.


26 64

= 2

22


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8. 283, 427 715



283 = ax + r ______________(1)
427 = ay + r ______________(2)
715 = az + r ______________(3)
(2) - (1) 144 = a(y - x)
(3) - (2) 288 = a(z - y)
(3) - (1) 432 = a(z - x)
144, 288 432 144
144

9. x2555 + 2555 x + 1

x2555 + 2555 = x2555 + 1 + 2554 = (x + 1)P(x) + 2554
2554

10. N


N =

N N
+ 1 = 333... 3 + 1 = 333 ... 34

669
669
(3 x 668) + 4 = 2008

2008


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2 10 11 20 4
11. 4 6 9
3






6, 9 2 x 2 = 4

2 1, 2, 4, 5, 7, 8 6 x 6 = 36

4 4 x 36 = 144
144
12. 100 7.45

5
a

6
7

7
b

8
43

10
21

a + 3b

6 7 8 10
a
7 b 43 21
5a 42 7b 344 210

5a+7b = 7.45 100 - 596 = 149

a+b
= 100 - 71 = 29
-4a - 4b = -116

a+3b = 33
33


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13. x y (x - 7)(y - 7) = 29 x + y



(x - 7)(y - 7) = 29
x - 7 = 1 y - 7 = 29
x = 8, y = 36
x + y = 44
44

14. a b b < a a
2x (ax - 6) + 4x 2 + b = 0 a


(2a + 4)x2 - 12x + b = 0

144 - 8ab - 16b = 0

18 - ab - 2b = 0

b(a + 2) = 18

18 = 1 x 18 = 2 x 9 = 3 x 6
1 2 3
a + 2 18 9 6
a
16 7 4
a 4
b


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15. 444 1


1 - 9
9
10 - 99 (99 - 10 + 1) (2)

= 90 x 2 = 180



444 - 9 - 180 = 255

= 85

99 + 85 = 184

184

16. 60




1, 2, 3,

1+2+3+10 = 16

16

=10


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17. 3 1 6

111,

112, 121, 211

113, 131, 311

122, 212, 221

123, 132, 213, 231, 312, 321

222

114, 141, 411
20

18. ABCD AB CD CD
AB E BD ABCD
18 ADE


ADE =

= 3


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19. x, y, z
(x + y)(x + y + z) = 128
(y + z)(x + y + z) = 224
(x + z)(x + y + z) = 160
2y + z - x

2(x + y + z)(x + y + z) = 512

x + y + z = 16

x + y = 8

y + z = 14

x + z = 10

z = 8, x = 2, y = 6
2y + z - x = 12 + 8 - 2 = 18

18

28


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20. 4 6
AB F AB (
2 3 = 1.73, 2 = 1.41, 5 = 2.24)
B
F



E

O

AB 2x
OD y
ADO ~ AFE

y=3

AD2 = 62 - 32 = (9)(3)
AD = 3 3
AB = 6 3
= 6 x 1.73 = 10.38

10.38


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3 5 21 25 6
21.


99 2
12
+ 2
=2
2
1 !100+5000 99 !9900+5000
982
22
+ 2
=2
2
2 !200+5000 98 !9800+5000

12
22
32
!2
+ 2
+ 2
+...+
1 "100+5000 2 +200+5000 3 "300+5000
99 2
= 99
99 2 !9900+5000

99


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22. ABC AB = 2011 , BC = 2012


CA = 2013 0 ABC A BC D
AB AC E F EF

AB
AD BD
BAC EF // BC
=
AB
AC CD= BD
AC
2011
BDCD
BD
2011 = =
2013
2012!
BD
2013
2012 - BD
2011"2012
BD = = 2011 x 2012
BD
4024 4024
2011
= = 2011
2
2
2
BD
BA x BA
BD2 = BE= "BE

2

# 2011 &2
x 2011
%
( = BEBE"2011
$ 2 '
(3)2011
2011 AE = 3(2011)
BE =
= 2011
)
BE
AE
=
44
44
*AEF
AEF~~*ABC
ABC
3(2012)
)EF
EF== (3)2012
44
= 1509
=1509

1509


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23. ABC B AB = 40 BC = 30
M AC N AN = CN = 65
BMN

MN2 = 652 - 252
= 40 x 90
MN = 60
AMS ABC
AM MS SA

=
=
AB BC CA
25 MS SA

=
=
40 30 50
MS 34 (25)


5 (25)
SA
4

BS 40 54 (25)
BTS AMS
BS
BT
AM
AS
BT
7
BMN 12 7 60
210

210


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24. a, b, c, d, f
n abcabc
m dffd
f = 0 (m, n) m + n

m+n = abc abc + dood

= 1,001 abc + 1,001 d

= 1,001 (abc + d)

abc + d = 1,001

a = 9, b = 9 c + d = 11

(c, d) = (2, 9), (3, 8), (4, 7), (5, 6), (6, 5), (7, 4), (8, 3), (9, 2)

(m, n) 8
8


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25. x, y z 3


x + 2 = y + z -2
y + 4 = z + x - 4
z + 6 = x + y - 6

x + y + z = 24
2x = 20
2y = 16
2z = 12
x = 10
y = 8
z = 6
x2 + y2 + z2 = 200
200

= 36 x2 + y2 + z2


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2
5 2 10
26. In a class of 50 students each student donated 200 Baht to help 2 of their
classmates, who were victims of a flood disaster. How much money did each
victim receive? (The donator exclude the victims, both victims received equal
amount of money)
Solution

Ans. 4800 Baht
27. Which of the following expressions is equivalent to 3x 2 ?
Solution a. 18 5(x 1) 10x + 11 = - 15x + 34

b. 15x + 22 12(x 2)
= 3x + 46

c. 6(x 1) 9(x 2) 10 = 3x + 2

d. 5(1 x) 8(1 x) + 1 = 3x 2

Ans. d
28. A father is four times as old as his son, and the difference between their
ages is 36 years. How old is his father ?
Solution 4x - x = 36, x = 12

His father is 48 years old.
Ans. 48 years old


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29. In the figure given below, If AB // CD,


BAG = 20, GED = 22, FED = 58, EAG = y, EGA = x
then x + y = ?
F
E

58
22
x

20

G
B

Solution 1 AB G x = 42 , y = 38

x + y = 80
Solution 2
AGE
FEG
= EGA + EAG
58 + 22 = x + y
x + y = 80

Ans. 80 degrees

30. ABCD is a quadrilateral and BD is one of the diagonals perpendicular to


DC as shown in figure.
If AB = CD = 5 cm, AD = BC = 13 cm, BD = 12 cm and the area of
ABCD = a cm2 then a = ?
D
C

Solution a = 12 x 5 = 60
Ans. 60 cm2


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)

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4 2555 09.30 11.30 . (2 )

1.
()
2. 30 100 2
1 25 3

1 1 5 2 10

2 6 20 3 45

3 21 25 6 30
2 5 3

1 26 27 2 4

2 28 29 3 6

3 30
5 5
3. 1 -
/
4.
5.
6. 1

7.



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1
1 5 1 5 2
1.

AD = DC, ED = BD BDC = 40
ABE

2. 2 3

3.




2 1
3 2
4 3
5 4
8 7

4. a, b, c a + b + c = 7

()

5. x, y

x2 - y2

= 45 (x, y)


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2 15 6 20 3
6. a, b, c (x + 8)2 (x + 9)2 + (x + 8)2 = 8 (x +9)2
a2 + b2 + c2
7.


ABC AD BAC BC D O
ABC H
ABC AD = AC AC OH ABC

8. a b

9. ABC D BC E AD
F BE AB CF
M AM : BM = a : b a b
2
2
a + b
10. 3
4 4 4 4

11. 5


23041

23058

23103

23157
23225

23270

23350


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12. O ABC O BC AB = 12
BC = 25 CA = 18 CO
13.

14. 5 3
a 2 2
1
15. 3 x 3
x + y + z a2 + b2 + c2
y

11

16.
2,000 2,400 3,200
2 1

17.

3-x = x

3+x ( 3 x+1)3

18. ABCD ABD = ADB = 20 CAD = 35


ACD = 30 ACB
19. A(a, b) B(c, d)
y = 3x2 + 2012x - 3 O(0, 0) AB
A(a, b) (quadrant) 1 a + b
20. p 12 1, 4 7
12 144 p


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3 5 21 25 6
21.

22. ABC AB = 80 BC = 19 AC = 91
P Q AC PC = 11 AQ = 72 Q
A P PBQ
23. p, bn, n an p = nbn + an 0 < an < n
n 84, 120, 126, 450 n - an = 2 p
24. x y
x2 + y2 = (12 + 22)(22 + 32)(32 + 42)(42 + 52)
(x,y)
25.


BC = 18 PQ = 9
CQR 90
AP


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2
1 2 26 27 2
26. Find the area of the shaded region in the diagram, in square units.

27. Of the numbers from 1 to 1000 inclusive, how many are divisible by 5 or 9
but not both ?

2 2 28 29 3
28. In quadrilateral ABCD it is given that AB =

CDA = 130 , Find the length of BD.

BC

= 3,

ABC

= 100 , and

29. ABC is an acute-angled triangle. AD is an altitude, BE is a median and CF


is an angle bisector. CF meets AD at M and DE at N MN = 1, FM = 2, CN = 3
If the area of ABC is a square units and b is prime number then a + b = ?

3 1 30 5
30. Find the sum of all integers n with the property that
is also an integer.

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)

( )


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4 2555 09.30 11.30 . (2 )

1.
()
2. 30 100 2
1 25 3

1 1 5 2 10

2 6 20 3 45

3 21 25 6 30
2 5 3

1 26 27 2 4

2 28 29 3 6

3 30
5 5
3. 1 -
/
4.
5.
6. 1

7.



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1
1 5 1 5 2
1.

AD = DC, ED = BD BDC = 40
ABE

x
y

40

ADC
2x + y + 40 = 180
2x + y = 140
BED ;

BED = EBD
ABE + EBD +140 - x
ABE +

= 90 -

= 180

- x = 40
ABE

= -50 + x +
= -50 + 70 = 20

20


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2. 2 3

0 , 1 , 4 , 5 , 6 , 7 , 8 , 9

2 3 ___
8

3 2 ___
8

2 ___ 3
8

3 ___ 2
8

___ 2 3
7

___ 3 2
7

2 2 3
3

3 3 2
3

32 + 14 + 6 = 52
52
3.
2 1
3 2
4 3
5 4
8 7
1 N

N = 2a + 1 a

N = 3b + 2 b

N = 4c + 3 c

N = 5d + 4 d

N = 8e + 7 e

N + 1 = 2a + 2 = 2(a+1)

N + 1 = 3b + 3 = 3(b+1)

N + 1 = 4c + 4 = 4(c+1)


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N + 1 = 5d + 5 = 5(d+1)

N + 1 = 8e + 8 = 8(e+1)
N + 1 2, 3, 4, 5, 8

... 2, 3, 4, 5, 8 23 x 3 x 5 = 120

N + 1 = 120P P

N = 120P - 1
P = 1, N = 119
PP == 2,2,NN ==239
239
PP == 3,3,NN ==359
359
!
959
PP == 8,8,NN ==959
P = 9, N = 1079 3 8
2 ... 2, 3, 4, 5 8 23 x 3 x 5 = 120

120 - 1 = 119
120 - 1, 1, 240 - 1, 360 - 1,..., 960 - 1

8
4. a, b, c a + b + c = 7

()
a + b + c = 7 a = 7 - (b + c)


1.9


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5. x, y x2 - y2 = 45 (x, y)



x2 - y2 = 45 ; (x - y)(x + y) = 45
1
x - y = 1

x + y = 45
2x = 46

x = 23

y = 22
(23, 22)
2
x - y = 3

x + y = 15
2x = 18

x = 9

y = 6
(9, 6)
3
x - y = 5

x + y = 9
2x = 14

x = 7

y = 2
(7, 2)

3
3


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2 15 6 20 3
6. a, b, c (x + 8)2 (x + 9)2 + (x + 8)2 = 8 (x + 9)2
a2 + b2 + c2
(x + 8)2 (x + 9)2 + (x + 8)2 = 8 (x + 9)2

(x + 9)2

(x2 + 17x + 72)2 + x2 + 16x + 64 + x2 + 18x + 81 = 9(x + 9)2

(x2 + 17x + 72)2 + 2(x2 + 17x + 72) + 1 = (3x + 27)2

(x2 + 17x + 72 + 1)2 - (3x + 27)2 = 0
(x2 + 17x + 73 - 3x - 27)(x2 + 17x + 73 + 3x + 27) = 0

(x2 + 14x + 46)(x2 + 20x + 100) = 0

x2 + 14x + 46 = 0 (x + 10)2 = 0

x = -10

a + b = - 14

ab = 46
2

a + b2 = (a + b)2 - 2ab
= (-14)2 - 2(46)
= 196 - 92
= 104

a2 + b2 + c2 = 204
204


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7. ABC AD BAC BC D O
ABC H
ABC AD = AC AC OH ABC

BH AC B, O H
OAT OAT OAT OAT





ABC

36
8. a b

-4


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9. ABC D BC E AD F
BE AB CF M AM : BM = a : b a b
a2 + b2

ET DN CM
BDN BCM
BN BD
BN MN
BM BC
BMF BTE
BM MF
BM TM
BT TE
ATE AND
AT AE
AT NT
AN AD
AM : BM

29


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10. 3
4 4 4 4

(a - 2)2 + a 2 + (a + 2)2 3 2 a

(a - 2)2 + a2 + (a + 2)2 = 5555
5555
11. 5



23041


23058


23103


23157

23225


23270


23350




23103 - 23058 = 45


23157 - 23103 = 54


23225 - 23157 = 68


23275 - 23225 = 50


23350 - 23275 = 75
(45 + 54 + 68 + 50 + 75) 5 = 58.4
58.4


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12. O ABC O BC AB = 12
BC = 25 CA = 18 CO

AMO ANO


AO BAC
AB BO
AC CO
CO
CO
CO
CO

CO
15



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13.

1 x 0 32 + 42 = 52

27


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14. 5 3
a 2 2
1
5 = 3 x 3 x 3 x 3 x 3 = 35

2 (y) 2 (n)

1 (o)

yynno





81

= 30
5


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15. 3 x 3
x + y + z a2 + b2 + c2
y

11

x + y + z a2 + b2 + c2 = 395 - 25 = 370

370


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16.
2,000 2,400 3,200
2 1



x y

2 1

= 3,200

2x + y = 3,200

y = 3,200 - 2x

2,000 2,400
2000 < x + y < 2400

2000 < x + 3200 - 2x < 2400

2000 < 3200 - x < 2400

2000 - 3200 < - x < 2400 - 3200

- 1200 < - x < -800
800 < x < 1200

1,199
1,199


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17.

61

3 + x ( 3 x + 1)3

3-x=x

10
18. ABCD ABD = ADB = 20 CAD = 35
ACD = 30 ACB

AC
D
ABT ADT
BTC BTC
BT CT
BCT
ACB

ADC

ATC

25


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19. A (a , b ) B (c , d )
y = 3x2 + 2012x - 3 O(0, 0) AB
A(a, b) (quadrant) 1 a + b


O(0, 0) AB
a+c b+d

2 , 2 = (0, 0) c = a d = b

A(a, b) B(c, d) y = 3x2 + 2012x - 3

b = 3a2 + 2012a - 3 . (1)


-b = 3a2 - 2012a - 3 . (2)
(1) + (2) ; 0 = 6a2 - 6

a = 1 b = 2012

A(a, b) (quadrant) 1 a = 1 b = 2012
a + b = 2013
2013
20. p 12 1,4 7
12 144 p


n(s) = 312

n(E) = 310
1

p(E) =
9
144 p = 16

16


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3 5 21 25 6

21.

20


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22. ABC AB = 80 BC = 19 AC = 91
P Q AC PC = 11 AQ = 72 Q
A P PBQ

ABC
CT
CT

ABC
PBQ

30
23. p,bn, n an p = nbn + an 0 < an < n
n 84, 120, 126, 450 n - an = 2 p

p = 84b84 + a84 = 84b84+ 82
p = 120b120 + a120= 120b120+ 118
p = 126b126 + a126 = 126b126+ 124
p = 450b450 + a450= 450b450 + 448
p+2 = 84(b84 + 1)
p+2 = 120(b120 + 1)
p+2 = 126(b126 + 1)
p+2 = 450(b450 + 1)
(p+2) = (... 84, 120, 126 450)
p = 12600 - 2 = 12598
12598


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24. x y
x2 + y2 = (12 + 22)(22 + 32)(32 + 42)(42 + 52)
(x,y)
(a2 + b2)(c2 + d2) = a2 c2 + a2 d2 + b2 c2 + b2 d2

=
a2 c2 + 2abcd + b2 d2 + a2 d2 - 2abcd + b2 c2

= (ac + bd)2 + (ad - bc)2

(12 + 22)(22 + 32) =

(42 + 72)(32 + 42) =

(12 + 82)(32 + 42) =

42 + 7 2
12 + 8 2
52 + 402
162 + 372
202 + 352
292 + 282


(x, y) 8 x 2 = 16
(24, 257), (33, 256), (40, 255), (68, 249), (95, 240), (121, 228), (135, 220),
(180,185),(257, 24), (256, 33), (255, 40), (249, 68), (240, 95), (228, 121), (220, 135),
(185, 180)
16


.. 2555
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25.


BC = 18 PQ = 9
CQR 90
AP

RPQ ~ QBC

BQ = 2 PR

RP = t
BQ = 2t

AP = x APR ~ ABC

66

t
x
=
x + 2t + 9
18

18x = xt + 2t2 + 9t - - - (1)


90
=
9(x + 2t + 9) - 18t - 1 (x+9)t
2
180
=
18x + 36t + 162 - 36 t - xt - 9t
180
=
18x + 162 - xt - 9t
18x = xt + 9t + 18 - - - (2)
t = 3 (1)
18x = 3x + 18 + 27
15x = 45 x = 3
3


.. 2555
( )

67

2
1 2 26 27 2
26. Find the area of the shaded region in the diagram, in square units.

Solution

= ABC - ADE
1

= 1 x 24 x 10 - 2 x 12 x 5
2

= 120 - 30 = 90

Ans. 90 square units


.. 2555
( )

68

27. Of the numbers from 1 to 1000 inclusive, how many are divisible by 5 or 9 but
not both ?
Solution


1 1000 45 22

1 1000 5 200

1 1000 9 111

1 1000 5 9
45 178 + 89 = 267

Ans. 267


.. 2555
( )

69

2 2 28 29 3
28. IIn quadrilateral ABCD it is given that AB = BC = 3,

CDA = 130 , Find the length of BD.

ABC

= 100 , and

Solution

AB E AB = BE = BC CE
BEC = 50 ADC + AEC = 180
B A, D, C, E
BD = 3

Ans. 3
29. ABC is an acute-angled triangle. AD is an altitude, BE is a median and CF
is an angle bisector. CF meets AD at M and DE at N MN = 1, FM = 2, CN = 3
If the area of ABC is a square units and b is prime number then a + b = ?
Solution
CM : FM = 2 : 1

M

AF = BF BC = CA

BD = CD AB = CA

ABC

ABC =
Ans. 15



a + b = 12 + 3 = 15


.. 2555
( )

3 1 30 5
30. Find the sum of all integers n with the property that
is also an integer.
Solution

Ans. 259
************************

70


..
2555

.. 2555

..
2556
(

)
(

)

( )


.. 2556

( )
20 2556 09.30 11.30 . (2 )

1.
() 10
200 2
2. 3 38
1 25 100 3

1 1 10 5 10 3 30

2 11 20 5 10 4 40

3 21 25
5 6 30
2 8 60 2

1 26 29
4 5 20

2 30 33
4 10 40
3 5 40


34 38
5 8 40
3. 2 -

4.
5.
6.
7.


.. 2556
( )

74

1
1 1 10 5 10
3 30
1. 20100 + (-1)2 + |- 2012|
. 2012
. 1
. 2012

. 2013

. 2014

2. ABCD ACE BCE



. 15
. 20
. 25
. 30
.
3. 50

.

.
.

.
.
4. EFGH, KLMN PQRS ABCD
1, 9 4

N
K
D
C
. 3
P
E
H
S
. 4
F
G
. 5
Q
. 6
R
A
B
L
M
. 7


.. 2556
( )

75

5. 10
10
. 2
. 3
. 4
. 5
. 6
6.

. 0
. 1
. 2
. 3
.
7.



48 1

.
. .
. .

8.




5 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
3
1
2 5
4 210 + 38

. 3, 4 5
. 1, 4 5
. 2 4

. 2, 4 5
. 1, 3 5


.. 2556
( )

9.



76


3 1 1
9 1 500
1,368
. 7
. 8
. 9
. 10
. 11

10.

1

2 2
14

54
3 5

. 210

3 3

. 260

4 4
132

4 6
. 288

5
?

5 7
. 308

6
. 330

2 11 20 5
10 4 40
11.
A1 A4 A3
.
.
.
.
.

8
10
12
15
20


.. 2556
( )

77

12. 80 13 24
15

. 945
. 875
. 865
. 775
. 765
13. 3 4 5
6 16
. 6
. 7
. 8
. 9
. 10
14. 3 A,B C
3 x 3 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 6 C
1 B 2
6
B
. 2
. 6
. 7
. 9
. 10
15. 54 2
13 4
. 54
. 14
. 15
. 16
. 17
16. 5n + 7n 100 n
0
. 4
. 6
. 8
. 10
. 15


.. 2556
( )

78

17. a, b
a b
5 12 = 12 5 = 2 (19 x) 19 = 5 x
. 12
. 26
. 33
. 39
. 45
18. 3


. 36
. 60
. 72
. 90
. 108
19. 7
3 1, 2 3
4 4

. 4

. 5

. 6

. 7

. 8

20.
4 x 4

.
.
.
.
.

2
3
4
5
6


.. 2556
( )

79

3 21 25 5
6 30
21. 100 n 8
8 18 83 88 n = 3
8, 8 84 n = 5 2 3
2

22. a, b, c d 10 x
ax3 - bx2 - cx - d = 0 x
23. a, b c a + b + c = 0 abc = - 15
a2(b + c) + b2 (c + a) + c2 (a+b)
24. AB, BC, CD DA
E BA A
N ANC

ABC = 24

ADC = 42

DAE

BCD

25. 6 7 8 9 = A
+, -, x, ()
( ) A
A 3 A


.. 2556
( )

80

2
1 26 29 4
5 20
26. ABCDEF ACE = 35 AEC = 55 AFE


27. a b b < 200
a2 + b3

28. (b - a)2 - 4(b - c)(c - a) = 0

29. 11111

2 30 33 4
10 40
30. ABC A = 90 B = 20 E F AC
AB ABE = 10 ACF = 30 CFE
31. x y
3x + y


.. 2556
( )

81

32. x y 5x7 = 11y13


x x = ab x cd a, c b, d
a + b + c + d
33. 99 1 123 1
1 2 2 , 4 , 6,...,122
3 3 ,6 , 9,...,123
m m
3


.. 2556
( )

82

3
34 38 5 8 40
34. x, y, z are real numbers which x, y, z > 0. If x2 + y2 = 64, y2 + z2 = 529
and (x + z - y)2 + x2 = 289, then (x + z)2 = ?
35. If x1, x2 are real solutions of x2 + 6ax = a, then find the minimum value of

36. Let a be real number.


If

,then a = ?

37. AB = 28 unitsand CD = 29 units are chords of circle O which radius 19 units.


If AB CD at point P ,then AP2 + BP2 + CP2 + DP2 = ?
38. How many ways to put 29 similar balls into the 4 boxes. If each boxes has
different capacities each box contains 3, 7, 10 and 13 balls.
************************

..
2555

.. 2555

..
2556
(

)
(

)

( )


.. 2556

( )
20 2556 09.30 11.30 . (2 )

1.
() 10
200 2
2. 3 38
1 25 100 3

1 1 10 5 10 3 30

2 11 20 5 10 4 40

3 21 25
5 6 30
2 8 60 2

1 26 29
4 5 20

2 30 33
4 10 40
3 5 40


34 38
5 8 40
3. 2 -

4.
5.
6.
7.


.. 2556
( )

86

1
1 1 10 5 10
3 30
1. 20100 + (-1)2 + |- 2012|
. 2012
. 1
. 2012
. 2013


20100 + (-1)2 + |- 2012| = 1 + 1 + 2012 = 2014

. 2014

2. ABCD ACE BCE



. 15
. 20
. 25
. 30
.

ABCD ACE
ACB = 45 ACE = 60 BCE = 60 - 45 = 15

.


.. 2556
( )

87

3. 50

.

.
.

.
.


50

180 - 50 -50 = 80

50, 60, 70

4. EFGH, KLMN PQRS ABCD


1, 9 4

N
K
D
. 3
C
P
E
H
S
. 4
F
G
. 5
. 6
Q
R
A
. 7
B
L
M



1 , 3 , 2

AB 1 + 3 + 2 = 6


ABCD 6 x 3 = 18


18 - (1 + 9 + 4) = 4


.. 2556
( )

88

5. 10
10
. 2
. 3
. 4
. 5
. 6



2


2, 4, 4 3, 3, 4

6.

. 0
. 1
. 2
. 3
.


.. 2556
( )

7.












89


48 1

.
. .
. .




5 48 = 5 x 9 + 3

48
.


.. 2556
( )

8.




90

5 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
3
1
2 5
4 210 + 38

. 3, 4 5
. 2, 4 5
. 1, 4 5
. 1, 3 5
. 2 4



1, 3, 5, . . .


2, 4, 6, . . .
210 + 38 210 + 38


.. 2556
( )

91

9.
3 1 1
9 1 500
1,368
. 7
. 8
. 9
. 10
. 11

1


x 500 - x


3(500 - x) - 9x = 1368

1500 - 3x - 9x = 1368

1500 - 1368 = 12x
132

x = = 11
12


11

2


500 3 X 500 = 1500
1,368


1500 1368 132


1 3


9 12


132 12 11


.. 2556
( )

92

10.

1

2 2
14

54

3 5

4 4
132

4 6

. 260

. 210

3 3

. 288

?
5 7

. 308

-2

-1

(-1) x (-2) x [(-3) + (-4)] = - 14

-14

-4

-3

-2

-3


(-2) x (-3) x [(-4) + (-5)] = - 54

-54

-4

-5

-3

(-3) x (-4) x [(-5) + (-6)] = - 132

-6

-5

-4

-5

(-4) x (-5) x [(-6) + (-7)] = - 260

-260

-7

.

-4
-132

-6

6
. 330


.. 2556
( )

93

2 11 20 5
10 4 40
11.
A1 A4 A3
. 8
. 10
. 12
. 15
. 20

1

A1 A4

A1 A4 A3

A1 A4 A3 20 12 = 8


2

A1 A4 A3
A - B1 - B2- B3- B5- B6- A4
1
A - B1 - B2- B4- B5- B6- A4
1
A - B1 - B2- B4- B5- B6- A4
1
A - C1 - A2- B4- B5- B6- A4
1
A - B1 - A2- C4- C5- C6- A4
1
A - C1 -A2- C4- C5- C6- A4
1
A - C1 -C2- C4- C5- C6- A4
1
A - C1 -C2- C3- C5- C6- A4
1


.. 2556
( )

94

12. 80 13 24
15

. 945
. 875
. 865
. 775
. 765



13 24 24 13 + 1 = 12


80 80 x 12 = 960


15


960 15 = 945

13. 3 4 5
6 16
. 6
. 7
. 8
. 9
. 10



20 15


20 24


15 24


10


.. 2556
( )

95

14. 3 A,B C
3 x 3 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 6 C
1 B 2
6
B
. 2
. 6
. 7
. 9
. 10

1. C 1
2. B 2
3. A 3
4. C 4
5. A 5
6. B 6


B



B 6

.




15. 54 2
13 4
. 14
. 15
. 16
. 17
. 54




3 4

1 14 15 4
.


.. 2556
( )

96

16. 5n + 7n 100 n
0
. 4
. 6
. 8
. 10
. 15


n
5n + 7 n
n=0
1+1=2
n=1
5 + 7 = 12
n=2
25 + 49 = 74 ***
n=3
125 + 343 = x 68
n=4
x25 + xx01 = xx26
n=5
xx25 + xxx07 = 32
n=6
xxx25 + xxxx49 = xxxx74 ***

17. a, b
a b
5 12 = 12 5 = 2 (19 x) 19 = 5 x
. 12
. 26
. 33
. 39
. 45


x = 12 (19 12) 19 = 7 19 = 5

x = 26 (19 26) 19 = 7 19 = 5

x = 33 (19 33) 19 = 14 19 = 5
x = 39 (19 39) 19 = 1 19 = 0
x = 45 (19 45) 19 = 7 19 = 5

.


.. 2556
( )

97

18. 3


. 36
. 60
. 72
. 90
. 108



0


9 x 8 = 72

19. 7
3 1, 2 3
4 4

. 4

. 5

. 6

. 7

. 8


.. 2556
( )

98

ABC EAD (...)


AC = DE = 6

ABC; a2 + b2 = 1
..........(1)


b2 + c2 = 2
..........(2)

c2 + d2 = 3
..........(3)
2
2

(1) + (2) + (3) a + b + c2 + d2 + b2 + c2 = 1 + 2 + 3

a2 + b2 + c2 + d2 = 6 - (b2 + c2)

= 4

.

20.
4 x 4

2
3
4
5
6

.
.
.
.
.


.. 2556
( )

99

3 21 25 5
6 30
21. 100 n 8
8 18 83 88 n = 3
8, 8 84 n = 5 2 3
2



8, 8 3
100 8 8 = 84
3 28


18, 28, 38 8, 8, 18, 28 38


28 + 38 = 66

66

22. a, b, c d 10 x
ax3 - bx2 - cx - d = 0 x



x 10
x3 10x2 (b + 1) x2 = bx2 + x2 bx2 + 10x
bx2 + (c + 1)x bx2 + cx + 10 > bx2 + cx + d


x < 10 a = 1, b = c = 8, d = 9, x = 9
x 9

9


.. 2556
( )

23. a,b c a + b + c = 0 abc = - 15


a2(b + c)+ b2 (c + a) + c2 (a+b)

45

100


.. 2556
( )

101

24. AB, BC, CD DA ABC = 24 ADC = 42


E BA A DAE BCD
N ANC

BOD = BCD + CDO = BCD + 42


BAD = BOD - ABO = BCD + 18
EAD = 180 - BAD = 162 - BCD
DAN = EAD = 81 - BCD

NCD =

BCD

AN CD F
ANC = NCF + NFC = NCD + DAN + ADC


123

= 123

BCD + 81 -

BCD + 42


.. 2556
( )

102

25. 6 7 8 9 = A
+, -, x, ()
( ) A
A 3 A


(6 + 7 ) x 8 x 9 = 13 x 72 = 936

936


.. 2556
( )

103

2
1 26 29 4
5 20
26. ABCDEF ACE = 35 AEC = 55 AFE

ABCD
AFE + AEC = 180
AFE = 180 - 35 = 145


145

27. a b b < 200



a2 + b3 = 25 + 2197 = 2222

a2 + b3

2222


.. 2556
( )

28. (b - a)2 - 4(b - c)(c - a) = 0




12

104


.. 2556
( )

105

29. 11111



N = 105 (a + b) a b 5


N 45 9 | N


99999 | N (105 - 1) | N
N = (105 - 1)a + (a+b)


99999 | (a + b) a + b = 99999

9 x 8 x 6 x 4 x 2 = 3456

3456

2 30 33 4
10 40
30. ABC A = 90 B = 20 E F AC
AB ABE = 10 ACF = 30 CFE

FT BE BC T
BFT = 80 = BTF
CFT = 40 = FCT
FT = CT

20

T CT
AC M
FTM
BM BMF
BMT
M E
CFE = 20


.. 2556
( )

106

31. x y
3x + y

2
2
2
13a + 7b + 6c = a + b + c
26a + 14b + 12c = a2 + b2 + c2 + 254

0 = (a - 13)2 + (b - 7)2 + (c - 6)2
a = 13 b = 7 c = 6
x = 85
y = 84
3x + y = 255 + 84

= 339

339
32. x y 5x7 = 11y13
x x = ab x cd a, c b, d
a + b + c + d



x = 5m x 11n


57m + 1 x 117n - 1 = y13
7m + 1 = 13t 7n - 1 = 13s
7m = 14t - (t + 1)
7n = 14s - (s - 1)
tmn = 6 m = 11
smn = 1 n = 2
11
2
xmn = 5 x 11
a + b + c + d = 5 + 11 + 11 + 2

= 29

29


.. 2556
( )

107

33. 99 1 123 1
1 2 2 , 4 , 6,...,122
3 3 ,6 , 9,...,123
m m
3



1 99

1, 22, 32, 52, 62, 72, 24, 34, 26




100 < t < 123


101, 103, 107, 109, 113
14

14


.. 2556
( )

108

3
34 38 5 8 40
34. x, y, z are real numbers which x, y, z > 0. If x2 + y2 = 64, y2 + z2 = 529
and (x + z - y)2 + x2 = 289, then (x + z)2 = ?

Solution












Ans. 593

AE = x, AB = y, EF = z, AF = AG
BG = x + z - y

ABC x2 + y2 = 64
EFC y2 + z2 = 529
BCG (x + z - y)2 - x2 = 289
ACF (x + z)2 = 82 + 232 = 593


.. 2556
( )

109

35. If x1, x2 are real solutions of x2 + 6ax = a, then find the minimum value of
.



Solution

(x - x1)(x - x2) = 0 = x2 + 6ax - a


x = -1 :
( - 1 - x1)( - 1 - x2) = 1 - 6a - a = 1 - 7a = (1 + x1)(1 + x2)


x = 1 - 6a :
(1 - 6a - x1)(1 - 6a - x2) = 1 - 7a

Ans.

x2 + 6ax = a


.. 2556
( )

36. Let a be real number. If


Solution



Ans. 57

110

,then a = ?


.. 2556
( )

111

37. AB = 28 unitsand CD = 29 units are chords of circle O which radius 19 units.


If AB CD at point P ,then AP2 + BP2 + CP2 + DP2 = ?

Solution
OT AB OS CD
OT
PD
AOT OA AT OT

COS
OA
OC
OA
OA

CO

CS OS

AP BP

CP DP

CP DP

AP BP

AP BP CP DP
AP BP CP DP

AP BP CP DP
Ans. 1444


.. 2556
( )

112


38. How many ways to put 29 similar balls into the 4 boxes. If each boxes has
different capacities each box contains 3, 7, 10 and 13 balls.

Solution

4 3
7 10 13
3 7 10 13


3 1 0 0
0 1 0 3
0 0 1
2 2 0 0 6
1 1 0
1 3 0 0
2 1 0 10
1 1 1
0 4 0 0
0 2 2 15
3 1 0
2 1 1

Ans. 34 ways
************************


..
2555

.. 2555

..
2556
((

)

( )


.. 2556

( )
9 2556 09.00 11.30 . (2 30 )

1.

200 2 30
2. 2 28
1 15
100 3
1 1 5 5 5 4 20
2 6 13
8 5 40
3 14 15
2 20 40
2 13
100 3
1 16 19 4 6 24
2 20 23 4 9 36
3 24 28 5 8 40
3. 2 -

4.
5.
6.
7.


.. 2556
( )

116

1
1 1 5 5 5
4 20
1.


1 7
1 9 1

. 32
. 36
. 39
. 40
. 63

2.

y
. 1
. 16

. 251.5

. 503

. 2012

3. 3 4
60
. 4
. 5
. 6
. 7
. 8
4. 30 3 2 ACB
3 4 AM = GM AC 1

. 7.5

. 10.5

. 13.5

. 14.5

. 16.5


.. 2556
( )

5.




117

a, b, c

3
3
3
. a + b + c = a + b + c

2
2
2
2
. (a + b + c) = a + b + c
. (a + b + 2c)2 = a2 + b2 + 4c2

. (a + b + c)3 = a3 + b3 + c3
. (a + b + c)(a2 + b2 +c2) = a3 + b3 + c3+ abc

2 6 - 13 8
5 40
6. ABC AB = AC D AC AD = DB = BC
BAC
7.


3
O1
O2 12

8. a b 3a = 2013 671b = 2013


.. 2556
( )

118

9. ABCD AD//BC E CD
BE = 20 AB = AD + BC ABCD

10. a, b c 20ab13c 7
792 c(a + b)
11. 4 6
7
12. 130
10 20

13. a b 100 a - 2b
2ab a + b


.. 2556
( )

119

3 14 15 2
20 40
14. k
x4 + 2x3 + (3 + k)x2 + (2 + k)x + 2k = 0 -2012

15. 9 x 9
3
( 1 x 1 )


.. 2556
( )

120

2
1 16 19 4
6 24
16. 15
21
17. (x + 2013)(x + 2556)(2x2 + 13)(x3 + 6x + 16)2 (x + 9) (x + 2012)3 (x + 8)

18. a, b, c p(x) = x3 - ax2 + bx - c
(x - a)(x - b)(x - c) p(2)
19. ABCD AB = 47 BC = 19 CD = 42
AD = 59 AC BD P
ADP BCP

2 20 23 4
9 36
20. 1065 - 925 - 585 + 445 = a x 10n 1 a < 10 n
10an
21. a, b c x2 + ax + b = 0,
x2 + bx + c = 0 x2 + cx + a = 0
1 a3 + b3 + c3


.. 2556
( )

121

22. ABC AB = 75 BC = 81 D
BAD = BCD BDC = 90 M AC DM2
23. ABC O ABC AC D O
M BDC AB E CE O P

ACB Q PQ = CM ABC

3 24 28 5
8 40
24. Determine the largest prime factorization of 320 + 319 - 12.
25. If

, then find the value of x2 + 9x.

26. Let P = n2556 + (n + 1)2556 + (n + 2)2556 + ... + (n + 99)2556. Find the remainder of P when
P is divided by 100 .
27. Let a and b be integers. If

then find the value of a + b.

28. Given the triangle ABC with A = 45, P is the point on side BC and PB = 3,
PC = 5 . O is the center of the circumcircle of the triangle ABC. If OP = ,
then find the value of a.
****************************

..
2555

.. 2555

..
2556
((

)

( )


.. 2556

( )
9 2556 09.00 11.30 . (2 30 )

1.

200 2 30
2. 2 28
1 15
100 3
1 1 5 5 5 4 20

2 6 13
8 5 40

3 14 15
2 20 40
2 13
100 3
1 16 19 4 6 24

2 20 23 4 9 36

3 24 28 5 8 40
3. 2 -

4.
5.
6.
7.


.. 2556
( )

126

1
1 1 5 5 5
4 20
1. 1 7
1 9 1

. 32
. 36
. 39
. 40
. 63



4 4 7 = 28

1 4 4 8


1 32 + 7 = 39

39


.. 2556
( )

2.



y
. 1
. 16

127

. 251.5

. 503

. 2012




, 4, 8, 12 , ... , 2012 503
x y 503


.. 2556
( )

128

3. 3 4
60
. 4
. 5
. 6
. 7
. 8



60


x



y

3x + 4y = 60 0 < 3x < 60

0 < 4y < 60


0 < x < 20
0 < y < 15

4y = 60 - 3x




x 4
x = 4 , 8, 12, 16
y = 12 , 9, 6, 3


.. 2556
( )

129

4. 30 3 2 ACB
3 4 AM = GM AC 1

. 7.5

. 10.5

. 13.5

. 14.5

. 16.5


AM1 = GM2

CM1 = FM2 = 3

AC = FG

AC = - 3 - = 10.5 .


.. 2556
( )

5.




a, b, c

. a + b + c = a3 + b3 + c3

2
2
2
2
. (a + b + c) = a + b + c
. (a + b + 2c)2 = a2 + b2 - 4c2

. (a + b + c)3 = a3 + b3 + c3
. (a + b + c)2(a2 + b2 +c2) = a3 + b3 + c3+ abc


c =
ca + cb = - ab
ca + cb + ab = 0





(a + b + c)2 = a2 + b2 + c2 + 2ab + 2bc + 2ca
=
a2 + b2 + c2 + 2(0)


.

130


.. 2556
( )

131

2 6 - 13 8
5 40
6. ABC AB = AC D AC AD = DB = BC
BAC



ABC ABC = ACB = 2a

ABC ABD = BAD = a


ABC , a + 2a + 2a = 180

5a = 180

a = 36

36


.. 2556
( )

7.


3
O1
O2 12


O1A
MO1A = AO1C = 120


MO1A = NO1C
MO1A NO1C (...)


O1MBCN = O1ABC

=
=


132

=
=


.. 2556
( )

8. a b 3a = 2013 671b = 2013


133



1
9. ABCD AD//BC E CD
BE = 20 AB = AD + BC ABCD

A Xx

CT
CS

BS
x+y

ES

y


400

BS = ES
EBS
C

ABCD


.. 2556
( )

134

10. a, b c 20ab13c 7
792 c(a + b)



792 = 8 9 11
20ab13c 8, 9, 11

8
13c = 130 + c 8


c = 6

9

2+0+a+b+1+3+6


a + b = 6 a + b = 15

11

2-0+a-b+1-3+6


a + b = 5 a - b = -6

1 a + b = 15
a - b = 5
2a = 20

a = 10, b = 5

2 a + b = 6

a - b = -6

2a = 0 a = 0, b = 6, c = 6

c(a + b) = 36

36


.. 2556
( )

135

11. 4 6
7

6x = 3x



2



4x

6x = 2x



2 3




= 4x
3
7
4x + 3x - 4x = 7

3
4x - 3x = 21

x = 21

21


.. 2556
( )

136

12. 130
10 20



10, 11, 12, , 20

10 + 11 + 12 + + 20 = 165
165 - 130 = 35


10, 11, 14

10, 12, 13

20, 15

19, 16

18, 17


.. 2556
( )

137

13. a b 100 a - 2b
2ab a + b




a - 2b = p
p



a = 2b + p

2ab = 4t2

ab = 2t2

b(2b + p) = 2t2
p = 2; b(2b + 2) = 2t2

b(b + 1) = t2
b = 2 ; 2(4 + p) = 2t2

p = 5



a = 9, a + b = 11
b = 32; 64(64 + p) = 4t2

p = 17

a - 2(32) = 17

a = 81 b = 32
a + b 113

113


.. 2556
( )

3 14 15 2
20 40
14. k
x4 + 2x3 + (3 + k)x2 + (2 + k)x + 2k = 0 -2012



x4 + 2x3 + (3 + k)x2 + (2 + k)x + 2k = (x2 + x + 2)(x2 + x + k) = 0

x2 + x + 2 = 0 x2 + x + k = 0


x2 + x +2 = 0

x2 + x + k = 0

+ = -1

= k = - 2012
2 + 2 + 2 = 1
2 + 2 - 2(2012) = 1
2

+ 2 = 4025

4025

138


.. 2556
( )

139

15. 9 x 9
3
( 1 x 1 )


.. 2556
( )

140


m 3


n 4


5


5


m + n 5 x 5 = 25
.




3m + 4n = 81

4n = 81 - 3m
x 4 ;
4m + 4n 100

4n = 81 - 3m

4m + 81 3m 100

m 19
3 19


.. 2556
( )

141

19


.. 2556
( )

142

2
1 16 19 4
6 24
16. 15
21

1, 2, 3, . . . , 15
1 6, 15 28 = 256
2 7, 14 26 = 64
3 8, 13 24 = 16
4 9, 12 22 = 4
5 10, 11 20 = 1

341

17. (x + 2013)(x + 2556)(2x2 + 13)(x3 + 6x + 16)2(x + 9)(x + 2012)3(x + 8)




(x + 2556)(x3 + 6x + 16)2(x + 2012)3(x + 8) = x11 + 2p(x)
(x + 2013)(2x2 + 13)(x + 9) = (x2 + 2022x + 18117)(2x2 + 13)

= 2q(x) + x2 + 1
(x + 2013)(x + 2556)(2x2 + 13)(x3 + 6x + 16)2(x + 9)(x + 2012)3(x + 8)

= (x11 + 2p(x))(2q(x) + x2 + 1)

= 2q(x) x11 + x13 + x11 + 2p(x)(2q(x) + x2 + 1)
2


.. 2556
( )

143

18. a, b, c p(x) = x3 - ax2 + bx - c


(x - a)(x - b)(x - c) p(2)

(x - a)(x - b)(x - c) = x3 - (a + b + c)x2 + (ab + bc + ca)x - abc




abc = c, a + b + c = a
ab + bc + ca = b


b + c = 0, bc = b, ab = 1


(a, b, c) = (-1, - 1, 1)


p(x) = x3 + x2 - x - 1


p(2) = 8 + 4 - 2 - 1 = 9


.. 2556
( )

144

19. ABCD AB = 47 BC = 19 CD = 42
AD = 59 AC BD P
ADP BCP



AB DC T BTC = , TB = x TC = y


ADP - BCP
=
TAD + TBC - TBD - TCA
1 (x + 47)(y + 42) sin + 1 xy sin + 1 x(y + 42) sin - 1 y(x + 47) sin
=
2
2
2
2
ADP - BCP = 987 sin
ADP - BCP sin = 1
(ADP - BCP)max = 987

987


.. 2556
( )

145

2 20 23 4
9 36
20. 1065 - 925 - 585 + 445 = a x 10n 1 a < 10 n
10an


[a + (b + c)] 5 + [ a - (b + c)]5 = 2[a5 + 10a3((b + c)2 + 5a (b + c)4)]
[-a + (b - c)] 5 + [ -a - (b - c)]5 = 2[-a5 - 10a3((b - c)2 - 5a (b - c)4)]

(a + b + c)5 + (a - b - c)5 + (b - c - a)5 + (c - a - b)5 = 20a3[(b + c)2 - (b - c)2] +
100 [(b + c)4 - (b - c)4]

= 80a3 bc + 80abc (b2 + c2)

= 80abc (a2 + b2 + c2)


a + b + c = 106

a - b - c = -92

b - c - a = -58

c - a - b = 44


a = 7, b = 24 c = 75
1065 - 925 - 585 + 445 = 80 x 7 x 24 x 75 x (49 + 576 + 5625)
=
6.3 x 109

a
= 6.3, n = 9

10an = 567

567


.. 2556
( )

146

21. a, b c x2 + ax + b = 0,
x2 + bx + c = 0 x2 + cx + a = 0
1 a3 + b3 + c3

x2 + ax + b = 0 _________________(1)
x2 + bx + c = 0 _________________(2)
x2 + cx + a = 0 _________________(3)

(1) - (2) x = ac -- bb

(2) - (3) x = ab -- cc

(3) - (1) x = bc -- aa


(1) a = ac -- ab + b - c b = c - b b - a = bc -- ac _______(4)
a-b
a-b c-a
b + 1 = bc -- aa

(2) b = ba -- cb + a - b c = c - b a - c = ac -- ab _______(5)
b-c
a-b b-c
c-b

c + 1 =
a-b

(3) c = bc -- ac + a - b a = a - c b - a = ab -- bc _______(6)
c-a
b-c c-a
a-c

a + 1 =
b-c

a + b + c = -2
(a + b + c)3 = a3 + b3 + c3 -3(a + b)(b + c)(c + a)

-8 = a3 + b3 + c3 -3(a + 2)(b + 2)(c + 2)
= a3 + b3 + c3 + 3
a3 + b3 + c3 = -11


-11


.. 2556
( )

147

22. ABC AB = 75 BC = 81 D
BAD = BCD BDC = 90 M AC DM 2

2x



DM = x


C BD T AT = 2DM

BDT BDC
ADBT


O BT
4AO2 = 2AT 2 + 2AB2 - BT2
812 = 8x2 + 2 x 752 - 812
8x2 = 2(812 - 752)
= 2 x 6 x 156

x2 = 3 x 78
= 234

234


.. 2556
( )

148

23. ABC O ABC AC D O


M BDC AB E CE O P

PMC Q PQ = CM ABC



MPC = MBC = MBA = MCA = CMQ =
PMB = PAB= PCB = DMQ = , BAC = BMC = +
AP


DCE = DBE =
Q CMP


CM = AM = AP CPM = ACM = ACP =
PAC = 2

2 + 3 = 180
9 = 360

= 40
ABC = 80


80


.. 2556
( )

149

3 24 28 5
8 40
24. Determine the largest prime factorization of 320 + 319 - 12.

Solution

320 + 319 - 12 = 12(318 - 1)

= 12(39 - 1)(39 + 1)

= 12(33 - 1)(36 + 33 + 1)(33 + 1)(36 - 33 + 1)
36 + 33 + 1
= 757

Ans. 757

25. If

, then find the value of x2 + 9x.


Solution




(x2 - 3x + 2)2 + 4(x2 + 3x + 2)2 - 4(x4 - 5x2 + 4) = 0


x2 + 2 = a


x4 - 5x2 + 4 = (x2 + 2)2 -9x2

= (x2 + 2 - 3x)(x2 + 2 + 3x)

(a - 3x) 2 + 4(a + 3x)2 - 4(a - 3x)(a + 3x) = 0
[(a - 3x) - 2 (a + 3x)]2 = 0

(a - 3x) = 2(a + 3x)

(a - 3x) = 2a + 6x

-a = 9x

- x2 - 2 = 9x

x2 + 9x = -2

Ans. -2


.. 2556
( )

150

26. Let P = n2556 + (n + 1)2556 + (n + 2)2556 + ... + (n + 99)2556 . Find the remainder of P when
P is divided by 100 .

Solution


12556 + 22556 + 32556 +... + 92556

112556 + 122556 + 132556 + ... + 19 2556
10 3

212556 + 222556 + 232556 + ... + 292556
.
(3,10) = 1
.
.

912556 + 922556 + 932556 + ... + 992556



12556 + 22556 + 32556 + ... + 992556 100 30
n2556 +(n + 1)2556 + (n + 2)2556 + ... + (n + 99)2556 100 30

Ans. 30

27. Let a and b be integers. If



then find the value of a + b.


Solution

a+b=

Ans. 60

4 + 64 = 60


.. 2556
( )

151

28. Given the triangle ABC with A = 45, P is the point on side BC and PB = 3
PC = 5 . O is the center of the circumcircle of the triangle ABC. If OP = ,
then find the value of a.

Solution


r2 + r2 = 82
2r2 = 64
r2 = 32

r =
OE2 =
- (4)2
= 32 - 16 = 16
OE = 4
OP2 = 42 + 12
OP =
a = 17

Ans. 17
****************************

1.
2.
3.


1.
2.

3.


39 ()
4. 1 ()
5.



1 ()
6.


1 ()
7. ..


1 ()
8.



9 ()
9. ( )


2 ()
10.



39 ()
11.



1 ()
12.

13.

14.

15.

16.
17.

/
1.
2.
3.


4.


5.


6.


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/







39 ()

9 ()

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