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Quant

65

CHAPT ER 13

(Time and Distance)

1.

2.

The fundamental relationship between distance (s), time (t) and speed (v) is given by s = v x t.

Let v1 and v2 be the speeds of the two vehicles and let v1 > v2.

T IPS

If both the vehicles are moving in the same direction, then their

Conversions:

Relative speed = RV = v1 v2

5

1 km/h =

m/s and

If both the vehicles are moving in the opposite directions, then their

18

Relative speed = RV = v1 + v2

3.

Average speed =

Total time taken

1 m/s =

18

km/h

5

If x1 and x2 are distances covered at velocities v1 and v2 respectively, then the average speed over the

entire distance (x1 + x2) is given by

4.

x1 + x 2

.

x1 x 2

+

v1 v 2

If a man travels the first half of the distance at a speed v1 and the second

2v 1v 2

half of the distance at a speed v2, then average speed =

v1 + v 2

5.

If the distance is covered in three equal parts with different speeds v1, v2

3v 1v 2 v 3

and v3, then average speed =

v 1v 2 + v 2 v 3 + v 3 v 1

6.

7.

Do you Know?

If the speed of the

bodies is changed in

the ratio x : y, then

the ratio of the time

taken changes in the

For the same distance, the time is inversely proportional to the speed of

ratio y : x.

the object. These types of problems can be solved as the problems of

percentage.

When time is constant, the ratio of speeds of the object is equal to the ratio of the distance covered by

them, i.e.

v1

d

= 1

v2

d2

Illustrative Examples:

Ex.1 A car is moving at the speed of 54 km per hour. Find its speed in metre per second.

Sol. 1 km/ hr = (5/18) m/s, Thus, 54 km/hr = 54 x (5 /18) = 15 m/s.

Ex.2 A covers a distance of 200 metres at a speed of 72 km/hr. Find the time taken by A to cover

that distance.

Sol. Speed in m/s = 72 x (5/18) = 20 m/s which means he covers 20 metres every second.

Thus, time taken by A to cover 200 metres = 200/20 = 10 seconds.

Ex.3 A and B start moving simultaneously from P towards Q and their respective speeds are 36 km/h

and 15 m/s respectively. What is the distance between them 2 minutes after starting from the

point P?

Sol.

Speed of A = 36 km/h =

5

36 = 10 m/s.

18

Speed of B = 15 m/s

Quant

66

So, in 1 second, B covers 5 m extra than A, so the distance between them will be 5 m.

In 2 minutes, i.e. 120 seconds, the distance between them will be 120 5 m = 600 m.

Ex.4 Ravi and Ram start from a particular point at 10 kmph and 15 kmph respectively. Find the

distance between them after 5 hours if they walk

(i) in the same direction

(ii) in the opposite directions

Sol. (i)

If they walk in the same direction, then distance between the two after one hour = 15 10 = 5

km.

Thus, after 5 hours, they will be (5 x 5) = 25 km apart.

(ii)

If they walk in the opposite directions, then distance between the two after one hour = 15 + 10 =

25 km. Thus, after 5 hours, they will be (25 x 5) = 125 km apart.

Ex.5 Sonu rides his bicycle at the rate of 10 kmph but stops for 10 minutes to take rest at the end of

every 15 km. How many hours will he take to cover 100 km?

(1) 10 hours

Sol.

(2) 11 hours

(3) 12 hours

(4) 11

1

hours

6

(5) 11

Now, time taken for 100 km journey =

100

= 10 hours

10km / hr

He will take 10 + 1 = 11 hours to complete the journey.

Answer: (2)

1

hours

9

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