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PROBLEM 3.

1
Determine the torque T that causes a maximum shearing stress of 70 MPa in the steel
cylindrical shaft shown.

SOLUTION
=
max
T =
=

Tc
4
=
; J
c
J
2

c3 max

(0.018 m)3 (70 106 Pa)


2
= 641.26 N m
=
T 641 N m

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. Copyright 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. This is proprietary material solely for authorized instructor use.
Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted
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261

PROBLEM 3.2
For the cylindrical shaft shown, determine the maximum shearing stress caused by
a torque of magnitude T = 800 N m.

SOLUTION
=
max

max

Tc
4
=
; J
c
J
2
2T
=
c3
2(800 N m)
=
(0.018 m)3

= 87.328 106 Pa

max = 87.3 MPa

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. Copyright 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. This is proprietary material solely for authorized instructor use.
Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted
on a website, in whole or part.
262

PROBLEM 3.3
(a) Determine the torque T that causes a maximum shearing stress of
45 MPa in the hollow cylindrical steel shaft shown. (b) Determine the
maximum shearing stress caused by the same torque T in a solid cylindrical
shaft of the same cross-sectional area.

SOLUTION
(a)

Given shaft:

=
J

(c

4
2

c14

(454 304 )= 5.1689 106 mm 4 = 5.1689 106 m 4


2
Tc
J
=

=
T
J
c
J=

T =

(5.1689 106 )(45 106 )


= 5.1689 103 N m
45 103
=
T 5.17 kN m

(b)

Solid shaft of same area:

A = c22 c12 = (452 302 ) = 3.5343 103 mm 2

=
c 2 A or=
c
=
J
=

A
= 33.541 mm

Tc
2T

=
c4, =
2
J
c3

(2)(5.1689 103 )
= 87.2 106 Pa
(0.033541)3

= 87.2 MPa

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. Copyright 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. This is proprietary material solely for authorized instructor use.
Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted
on a website, in whole or part.
263

PROBLEM 3.4
(a) Determine the maximum shearing stress caused by a 40-kip in. torque T in
the 3-in.-diameter solid aluminum shaft shown. (b) Solve part a, assuming that
the solid shaft has been replaced by a hollow shaft of the same outer diameter
and of 1-in. inner diameter.

SOLUTION
(a)

Tc
J
(40 kip in.)(1.5 in.)
=
p
4
(1.5 in.)
2

= 7.5451 ksi

= 7.55 ksi
(b)

=
=

Tc
J
(40 kip in.)(1.5 in.)

[(1.5 in.) 4 (0.5 in.) 4 ]


2
= 7.6394 ksi

= 7.64 ksi

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. Copyright 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. This is proprietary material solely for authorized instructor use.
Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted
on a website, in whole or part.
264

PROBLEM 3.5
(a) For the 3-in.-diameter solid cylinder and loading shown, determine the
maximum shearing stress. (b) Determine the inner diameter of the 4-in.diameter hollow cylinder shown, for which the maximum stress is the
same as in part a.

SOLUTION
(a)

1
=
d
2

=
c

Solid shaft:

J =

max

1
= 1.5 in.
(3.0 in.)
2

c4
2
Tc
=
J
2T
=
p c3
2(40 kip in.)
=
p (1.5 in.)3
= 7.5451 ksi

max = 7.55 ksi


(b)

Hollow shaft:

co
=

J
=
co

1
d
=
2

1
(4.0 in.)
= 2.0 in.
2

(c c )
=

4
o

4
c=
co4
i

4
i

co

max

2Tco

p max

= (2.0 in.) 4

2(40 kip in.)(2.0 in.)


p (7.5451 ksi)

= 9.2500 in 4 =
ci 1.74395 in.
and =
di 2=
ci 3.4879 in.
di = 3.49 in.

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. Copyright 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. This is proprietary material solely for authorized instructor use.
Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted
on a website, in whole or part.
265

PROBLEM 3.6
A torque=
T 3 kN m is applied to the solid bronze cylinder shown.
Determine (a) the maximum shearing stress, (b) the shearing stress at point D
which lies on a 15-mm-radius circle drawn on the end of the cylinder, (c) the
percent of the torque carried by the portion of the cylinder within the 15-mm
radius.

SOLUTION
(a)

=
c

1
=
= 30 103 m
d 30 mm
2

J = c 4 = (30 103 )4 =1.27235 106 m 4


2
2
T= 3 kN= 3 103 N

=
m

Tc
=
J

(3 103 )(30 103 )


= 70.736 106 Pa
1.27235 106

m = 70.7 MPa
(b)

D= 15 mm
= 15 103 m
=
D

(c) =
D
TD =

TD D
JD

(15 103 )(70.736 106 )


(30 103 )

=
TD

D = 35.4 MPa

J D D
3
=
D D
2
D

(15 103 )3 (35.368 106 ) = 187.5 N m

TD
187.5
100%
(100%) 6.25%
=
=
T
3 103

6.25%

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. Copyright 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. This is proprietary material solely for authorized instructor use.
Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted
on a website, in whole or part.
266