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CONTENTS:

1. DESIGN REPORTS OF OPEN R.C.C. LINED DRAIN OF OVERALL WIDTH 4.50 M AND
CLEAR HEIGHT 1.00 M, 1.50 M, 2.00 M, 2.50 M, 3.00 M, 3.50 M AND 4.00 MOF R.C

2. DRAWINGS

SHOWING
TYPICAL
REINFORCEMENT DETAILINGS.

CROSS-SECTION

FOR

DIMENSIONS

AND

3. SCHEDULES OF REINFORCEMENTS FOR OPEN R.C.C. LINED DRAINS.


4. QUANTITY COMPUTATION OF R.C.C., P.C.C., REINFORCEMENTS ETC. FOR R.C.C.
OPEN LINED DRAINS.

5. QUANTITY COMPUTATIONS OF EARTHWORK IN CUTTING AND BACKFILLINGS FOR


R.C.C. OPEN LINED DRAINS.

6. CROSS-SECTION AND QUANTITY COMPUTATION FOR OPEN C.C. MASONARY DRAIN..

OVERALL WIDTH 4.50 M AND


, 3.50 M AND 4.00 MOF R.C
FOR

DIMENSIONS

AND

NED DRAINS.

RCEMENTS ETC. FOR R.C.C.

NG AND BACKFILLINGS FOR

PEN C.C. MASONARY DRAIN..

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT:

DESIGN OF OPEN R.C.C. LINED DRAIN OF OVERALL WIDTH 4.50 M AND CLEAR HEIGHT
M, 1.50 M, 2.00 M, 2.50 M, 3.00 M, 3.50 M AND 4.00 M

NAME OF WORK:

MAINTENANCE OF GUWAHATI BYPASS ON NH-37 FROM JALUKBA


TO KOINADHARA (K.M. 146.000 TO K.M. 163.895) BY P.W.D. (N.
ASSAM.

NAME OF DIVISION:

P.W.D., GUWAHATI N.H. DIVISION

Designed By:
Bilal Ahmed Barbhuiya
Assistant Engineer, P.W.D.
Guwahati N.H. Division.

(AFZAL KARIM)
Executive Engineer, P.W.D
Guwahati N.H. Division

0 M AND CLEAR HEIGHT 1.00


ND 4.00 M

N NH-37 FROM JALUKBARI


163.895) BY P.W.D. (N.H),

(AFZAL KARIM)
cutive Engineer, P.W.D
uwahati N.H. Division

SCHEDULE OF REINFORCEMENT
DRAIN TYPE
BAR
MARK

TYPE-1 (3.60 x 4.00)


BAR DIA
in mm

SPACING
in mm

M1 in mm

M2 in mm

LENGTH
in mm

NO. OF
BARS per
rm

TOTAL
LENGTH
in 'm'

20

150 & 300

250

4350

4850

12

58.2

20

190

250

4400

4900

34.3

12

300

250

4350

4850

10

48.5

M1

12

300

250

4400

4900

24.5

M1

10

150 & 300

250

1000

1500

82

123

M1

10

190

250

1000

1500

48

72

300

200

1275

1675

10

16.75

BAR SHAPE
M1

M2

(1)

M1

(2)

M1
M1

M2

(3)

M1

M2

(4)

M1

(5)

M1

(6)

M1

M2

M2

M1

(7)
M1

TOTAL QTY. STEEL REQD. PER METER LENGTH OF DRAIN (kgs.)=

SCHEDULE OF REINFORCEME
DRAIN TYPE
WEIGHT
in kgs.

REMARKS

BAR
MARK

TYPE-2 (3.75 x 3.50)

BAR SHAPE

BAR DIA
in mm

SPACING
in mm

M1 in mm

M2 in mm

16

150 & 300

200

3775

20

200

200

4400

10

300

200

3775

10

300

200

4400

150 & 300

200

1000

10

200

200

1000

300

200

1100

M1

vert. bar on earth face


(curtailed above half the
height)

(1)

M2

144.000

M1

85.000

bottom bar in slab

(2)

M1
M1

vert. bar water face

M2

43.000

(3)

M1

M2

22.000

top bar in slab

(4)

M1

76.000

dist. Bar in walls @ B/F

(5)

M1

44.000

dist. Bar in slab @ B/F

(6)

M1

M1
M2
M1
M2
M1

M1

7.000

haunch bar at bottom corner

(7)
M1

421.000

TOTAL QTY. STEEL REQD. PER METER LEN

EINFORCEMENT

SCH

E-2 (3.75 x 3.50)


LENGTH
in mm

DRAIN TYPE
NO. OF
BARS per
rm

TOTAL
LENGTH
in 'm'

WEIGHT
in kgs.

REMARKS

BAR
MARK

BAR DIA
in mm

BAR SHAPE
M1

12

50.1

79.000

vert. bar on earth face


(curtailed above half the
height)

(1)

16

M2

4175

M1

4800

28.8

71.000

bottom bar in slab

(2)

M1

16
M1

10

41.75

26.000

vert. bar water face

M2

4175

(3)

10

M1

M2

4800

24

15.000

top bar in slab

(4)

M1

1400

72

100.8

40.000

dist. Bar in walls @ B/F

(5)

M1

1400

46

64.4

40.000

dist. Bar in slab @ B/F

(6)

M1

M1
M2

10

M1

M1

M2

M1

1500

10

15

6.000

haunch bar at bottom corner

(7)

8
M1

PER METER LENGTH OF DRAIN (kgs.)= 277.000

TOTAL Q

SCHEDULE OF REINFORCEMENT
TYPE-3 (3.80 x 3.00)
BAR
MARK

SPACING
in mm

M1 in mm

M2 in mm

LENGTH
in mm

NO. OF
BARS per
rm

TOTAL
LENGTH
in 'm'

WEIGHT
in kgs.

150 & 300

175

3250

3600

12

43.2

68.000

vert. bar on earth face


(curtailed above half the
height)

(1)

190

175

4400

4750

33.25

53.000

bottom bar in slab

(2)

300

175

3250

3600

10

36

22.000

vert. bar water face

(3)

300

175

4400

4750

23.75

15.000

top bar in slab

(4)

150 & 300

175

1000

1350

72

97.2

38.000

dist. Bar in walls @ B/F

(5)

190

175

1000

1350

48

64.8

26.000

dist. Bar in slab @ B/F

(6)

300

200

1000

1400

10

14

6.000

haunch bar at bottom corner

(7)

TOTAL QTY. STEEL REQD. PER METER LENGTH OF DRAIN (kgs.)= 228.000

REMARKS

SCHEDULE OF REINFORCEMENT
DRAIN TYPE

TYPE-4 (3.90 x 2.50)


BAR DIA
in mm

SPACING
in mm

M1 in mm

M2 in mm

LENGTH
in mm

NO. OF
BARS per
rm

TOTAL
LENGTH
in 'm'

WEIGHT
in kgs.

12

150 & 300

150

2700

3000

12

36

32.000

16

225

150

4400

4700

28.2

45.000

10

300

150

2700

3000

10

30

19.000

10

300

150

4400

4700

23.5

15.000

M1

150 & 300

150

1000

1300

72

93.6

37.000

M1

225

150

1000

1300

41

53.3

21.000

300

200

900

1300

10

13

5.000

BAR SHAPE
M1

M2
M1

M1
M1

M2
M1

M2
M1

M1
M2
M1
M2
M1

M1

M1

TOTAL QTY. STEEL REQD. PER METER LENGTH OF DRAIN (kgs.)= 174.000

SCHEDULE OF REINFORCEMENT
DRAIN TYPE
REMARKS

BAR
MARK

TYPE-5 (4.00 x 2.00)


BAR DIA
in mm

SPACING
in mm

M1 in mm

M2 in mm

LENGTH
in mm

10

150 & 300

125

2150

2400

12

175

125

4400

4650

300

125

2150

2400

M1

300

125

4400

4650

M1

300

125

1000

1250

M1

300

125

1000

1250

BAR SHAPE
M1

(1)

M2

vert. bar on earth face


(curtailed above half the
height)

M1

bottom bar in slab

(2)

M1
M1

M2

vert. bar water face

(3)

M1

M2

top bar in slab

(4)

M1

dist. Bar in walls @ B/F

(5)

M1

dist. Bar in slab @ B/F

(6)

M1

haunch bar at bottom corner

(7)

M2

M2

TOTAL QTY. STEEL REQD. PER METER LENGTH OF DR

EMENT

SCHEDULE O

2.00)

DRAIN TYPE
NO. OF
BARS per
rm

TOTAL
LENGTH
in 'm'

WEIGHT
in kgs.

REMARKS

BAR
MARK

BAR DIA
in mm

SPACING
in mm

10

150 & 300

12

250

300

M1

300

M1

300

M1

300

BAR SHAPE
M1

28.8

18.000

vert. bar on earth face


(curtailed above half the
height)

(1)

M2

12

M1

32.55

29.000

bottom bar in slab

(2)

M1
M1

24

9.000

vert. bar water face

M2

10

(3)

M1

23.25

9.000

96

120

31

38.75

M2

top bar in slab

(4)

M1

47.000

dist. Bar in walls @ B/F

(5)

M1

15.000

dist. Bar in slab @ B/F

(6)

M1

R LENGTH OF DRAIN (kgs.)= 127.000

M2

M2

(7)

TOTAL QTY. STEEL

SCHEDULE OF REINFORCEMENT
TYPE-6 (4.10 x 1.50)
M1 in mm

M2 in mm

LENGTH
in mm

NO. OF
BARS per
rm

TOTAL
LENGTH
in 'm'

WEIGHT
in kgs.

125

1600

1850

12

22.2

14.000

vert. bar on earth face


(curtailed above half the
height)

125

4400

4650

23.25

21.000

bottom bar in slab

80

1600

1760

10

17.6

7.000

vert. bar water face

80

4400

4560

22.8

9.000

top bar in slab

80

1000

1160

96

111.36

44.000

dist. Bar in walls @ B/F

80

1000

1160

31

35.96

14.000

dist. Bar in slab @ B/F

TAL QTY. STEEL REQD. PER METER LENGTH OF DRAIN (kgs.)= 109.000

REMARKS

Design dimensions and reinforcments of R.C.C. Open Drain :


1. R.C.C Drain Clear Span= 3.60m, Clear Height= 4.00m

Clear
Opening
3.60 x 4.00

Reinforcemnt

thick. in
mm

earth face

water face

wall

450

T20 @ 150 & 300 c/c

T12 @300 c/c

T10 @ 150 & 300

base-slab

450

T20 @ 190 c/c

T12 @ 300 c/c

T10 @190 c/c

Member

distribution bar. b

2. R.C.C Drain Clear Span= 3.75m, Clear Height= 3.50 m

Clear
Opening
3.75 x 3.5

Reinforcemnt

thick. in
mm

earth face

water face

distribution bar. b

wall

375

T16 @ 150 & 300 c/c

T10 @ 300 c/c

T8 @ 150 & 300 c

base-slab

375

T20 @ 200 c/c

T10 @ 300 c/c

Member

T10 @ 200 c/c

3. R.C.C Drain Clear Span= 3.80m, Clear Height= 3.00 m

Clear
Opening
3.80 x 3.0

Reinforcemnt

thick. in
mm

earth face

water face

distribution bar. b

wall

350

T16 @ 150 & 300 c/c

T10 @ 300 c/c

T8 @ 150 & 300 c

base-slab

350

T16 @ 190 c/c

T10 @ 300 c/c

Member

T 8 @ 190 c/c

4. R.C.C Drain Clear Span= 3.90m, Clear Height= 2.50 m

Clear
Opening
3.90 x 2.5

Reinforcemnt

thick. in
mm

earth face

water face

distribution bar. b

wall

300

T12 @ 150 & 300 c/c

T10 @ 300 c/c

T8 @ 150 & 300 c

base-slab

300

T16 @ 225c/c

T10 @ 300 c/c

Member

T8 @ 225 c/c

5. R.C.C Drain Clear Span= 4.00m, Clear Height= 2.00 m

Clear
Opening
4.00 x 2.0

Reinforcemnt

thick. in
mm

earth face

water face

wall

250

T10 @ 150 & 300 c/c

T8 @ 300 c/c

T8 @ 300 c/c

base-slab

250

T12 @ 175 c/c

T8@ 300 c/c

T8 @ 300 c/c

Member

distribution bar. b

6. R.C.C Drain Clear Span= 4.10m, Clear Height= 1.50 m

Clear
Opening
4.10 x 1.50

Member
wall

Reinforcemnt

thick. in
mm

earth face

water face

200

T10 @ 150 & 300 c/c

T8 @ 300 c/c

distribution bar. b
T8 @ 300 c/c

4.10 x 1.50

base-slab

200

T12 @ 250 c/c

T8 @ 300 c/c

T8 @ 300 c/c

7. R.C.C Drain Clear Span= 4.10m, Clear Height= 1.50 m

Clear
Opening
4.15 x 1.00

Reinforcemnt

thick. in
mm

earth face

water face

wall

175

T10 @ 250 c/c

T8 @ 300 c/c

T8 @ 300 c/c

base-slab

175

T10 @ 250 c/c

T8 @ 300 c/c

T8 @ 300 c/c

Member

distribution bar. b

distribution bar. b/f


T10 @ 150 & 300 c/c
T10 @190 c/c

distribution bar. b/f


T8 @ 150 & 300 c/c
T10 @ 200 c/c

distribution bar. b/f


T8 @ 150 & 300 c/c
T 8 @ 190 c/c

distribution bar. b/f


T8 @ 150 & 300 c/c
T8 @ 225 c/c

distribution bar. b/f


T8 @ 300 c/c
T8 @ 300 c/c

distribution bar. b/f


T8 @ 300 c/c

T8 @ 300 c/c

distribution bar. b/f


T8 @ 300 c/c
T8 @ 300 c/c

DESIGN OF R.C.C. OPEN DRAIN ( clear height= 4.00 m, overall width=4.50m)

TYPICAL CROSS-SECTION
1.0

Design Data

1.1

Preliminary Dimensions :

1.2

1.3

Clear Span

'b'

3.70

Clear Height

'a'

4.00

Wall Thickness

'f'

0.400

Base Thickness

'e'

0.400

Overall height

'H'

4.40

Overall width

'W'

4.50

Material Properties
Density of backfill soil

20

Density of Concrete

25

S.B.C. of Soil

qs

100

Angle of Internal friction for back fill

30

friction angle between wall & backfill

20

Angle of Inclination of back of wall

Slope of backfill with horizontal

Permissible Settlement

40.00

Height of surcharge

1.20

Design Parameters

Grade of Concrete

M25

Grade of Steel

Fe500

Clear Cover for earth face structural component

50

Clear Cover for inside face structural component

50

Clear Cover for bottom slab

50

Permissible direct comp. strength of Concrete (scc)

6.25

Permissible flexural comp. strength of Concrete (scb)

8.33

Permissible tensile strength of Concrete ( sct )

0.61

Permissible tensile strength of Steel ( sst )

240

Design Costants:
Modular Ratio

10

Netral axis depth factor

0.258

Lever arm factor

0.914

moment of resistance factor

0.981

U.D.L on vertical wall

40

U.D.L on base slab

10

0.3

2.0

Load Calculation

2.10

Dead Load of the Structure 'DL'

2.20

Dead Load on Bottom Slab due to Soil Silting


Thickness of earth fill due to silting
Load (UDL) on bottom slab =

2.30

0.3 * 20

Horizontal Earth Pressure


Critical loading condition will be the situation when box will be subjected to earth pressure
due to saturated backfill and there will be no water inside the box.
Co-efficient of Active Earth Pressure=

(Ka)stat ic

cos2 ( )

cos2cos( ) 1

sin( )sin( i
cos( )cos(

= 0.297
Earth-pressure at a depth 'h' from the top of vertical wall=Ka. s.h kN/sq.m
Horizontal force on wall due to Earth pressure at variuos level is shown in the load diagram below.
2.40

Live Load Surcharge


Equivalent height

1.20

Uniform Intensity of loading =

3.0

7.13

Structural Analysis

The structure is analysed for variuos load acting on it using structural-design software ''STAAD
modelling it along the center lines of walls and slab. Spring type supports are adopted which a
various nodes along bottom slab. Stiffness of the support are calculated based on modulus of subgra

40

40
4.10

16
23.76
24.95

7.13

7.13
LOAD DIAGRAM
3

8
1

10

11

12

13

14

Figure: STADD Discretisation of BOX Geometry.

Spring Constant=

2500 kN/m2 per m width

7
2

Nos. of springs provided=

10

Spring constant at end supports 1,2=

250 kN/m per m width

Spring constant at penultimate supports 5,6=

910.714 kN/m per m width

Spring constant atintermediate supports 9 to 14=

1321.43 kN/m per m width

4. Design of Drain
a) Design of Vertical wall
Design for flexure due to (EP+DL) combination :
Max. Moment at the face of bott. Slab

120.4 kN-m

Required Effective Depth

350 mm

Overall depth proposed

400 mm

Clear Cover

50 mm

Effective cover

60 mm

Hence Effective depth

340 mm < required

Effective depth provided

390 mm

Hence overall depth

450 mm

Tension reinforcement on outer/ earth face


Area of Steel required

1407.36 mm2

min. area of steel=0.12% of bD

540.00 mm2

Main Bar dia provided

20 mm

Spacing required

223.10 mm

Spacing upto half the ht. from base

150.00 mm

Spacing for remaining ht.

300.00 mm

Actual Area of Steel provided

2093.33 mm2

Curtailed area of steel

1570 mm2

Provide TOR 20 @ 150 c/c for bottom half and 300 c/c for remaning half
Vertical Reinforcement: inner face
min. area of steel=0.12% of bD

540.00 mm2

Area of steel provided

270.00 mm2

Dia of bar considerd

12 mm

Spacing required

419 mm

Spacing provided

300 mm

Actual Area of Steel provided

377 mm2

Provide TOR 12 @ 300 c/c


Distribution reinforcement :
Moment

0.20*DL Moment

24.00 kN-m

Area of Steel required

280.54 mm2

Min. area of Steel both face

540.00 mm2

0.25 of provided main reinf.

523.33 mm2

Area of steel provided on each face

523.33 mm2

Bar dia provided

10 mm

Spacing required

150 mm

Spacing upto half the ht. from base

150 mm

Spacing for remaining ht.

300 mm

Cuttailed Area of Steel provided

393 mm2

Provide TOR 10 @ 150 c/c for bottom half and 300 c/c for remaning half on each face
Shear Check:
S.F. at a dist. deff. from face of bott. Slab

Shear Stress

% of Steel provided

permissible shear stress

(Refer IRC:21-2000, Table-12B)

66 kN
0.169 Mpa
0.54

0.322 Mpa > Actual, hence O.K


(no shear reinf. reqd.)

b) Design of base-slab
Design for flexure due to (EP+DL) combination :
Max. Moment at wall face

136 kN-m

Effective Depth required

372 mm

Overall depth proposed

400 mm

Clear Cover

50 mm

Effective cover

60 mm

Hence Effective depth

340 mm < required.

Effective depth provided

390 mm

Hence Overall depth

450 mm

Tension reinforcement at bottom face


Area of Steel required

1589.71 mm2

min. area of stell=0.12% of bD

540.00 mm2

Main Bar dia provided

20 mm

Spacing required

197.52 mm

Spacing provided

190.00 mm

Area of Steel provided

1652.6 mm2

min. area of steel=0.12% of bD

540.00 mm2

Area of steel provided

270.00 mm2

Dia of bar considerd

Provide TOR 20 @ 190 c/c


Reinforcement: top face

12 mm

Spacing required

419 mm

Spacing provided

300 mm

Actual Area of Steel provided

376.8 mm2

0.20*DL Moment

27.00 kN-m

Provide TOR 12 @ 300 c/c


Distribution reinforcement :
Moment
Area of Steel required

315.60 mm2

Min. area of Steel both face

540.00 mm2

0.25 of provided main reinf.

413.16

Area of Steel provided

413.16 mm2

Bar dia provided

10 mm

Spacing required

190.00 mm

Spacing provided

190.00 mm

Provide TOR 10 @ 190 c/c on each face


Shear Check:
S.F. at a dist. deff. from face of bott. Slab

Shear Stress

% of Steel provided

permissible shear stress

37 kN
0.095 Mpa
0.42

0.286 Mpa > Actual, hence O.K

(Refer IRC:21-2000, Table-12B)

(no shear reinf. reqd.)

Design dimensions and reinforcments :

Clear (span
x height)
3.60 x 4.00

Reinforcemnt

thick. in
mm

earth face

water face

wall

450

T20 @ 150 & 300 c/c

T12 @300 c/c

base-slab

450

T20 @ 190 c/c

T12 @ 300 c/c

Member

Curtailment of wall Reinforcement:

50% vertical bars of earth face & distribution bars on both face is curtailed due to reducing moment a
below.

0.00

3600

09

00

22.18

.0 0

4000

1800

3600

B.M.D. of Wall

8 5 .0 9

1 3 6 .0 0

4000
2000

22.18

120.4

1800

B.M.D. BASE-SLAB

erall width=4.50m)

m
m
m
m
m
m

kN/m3
kN/m3
kN/m2
degree
degree
degree
degree
mm
m

mm
mm
mm
N/mm2
N/mm2
N/mm2
N/mm2

N/mm2

kN/m
kN/m

m
KN/m

rth pressure

os2 ( )

sin( )sin( i)

cos( )cos( i)

oad diagram below.

KN/m2

4.2

esign software ''STAAD.ProV8i " by


are adopted which are applied at
on modulus of subgrade reaction.

23.76
24.95

N/m per m width

N/m per m width

N/m per m width

(from analysis output)

mm < required

alf on each face

(from analysis output)

pa > Actual, hence O.K.

no shear reinf. reqd.)

(from analysis output)

mm < required.

(from analysis output)

pa > Actual, hence O.K.

no shear reinf. reqd.)

cemnt
distribution bar. b/f
T10 @ 150 & 300 c/c
T10 @190 c/c

.0 0

e to reducing moment as shown

SE-SLAB

1 3 6 .0 0

DESIGN OF R.C.C. OPEN DRAIN ( clear height= 3.50 m, overall width=4.50m)

TYPICAL CROSS-SECTION
1.0

Design Data

1.1

Preliminary Dimension Detail

1.2

1.3

Clear Span

'b'

3.75

Clear Height

'a'

3.50

Wall Thickness

'f'

0.375

Base Thickness

'e'

0.425

Overall height

'H'

3.925

Overall width

'W'

4.50

Material Properties
Density of backfill soil

20

Density of Concrete

25

S.B.C. of Soil

qs

100

Angle of Internal friction for back fill

30

friction angle between wall & backfill

20

Angle of Inclination of back of wall

Slope of backfill with horizontal

Permissible Settlement

40.00

Height of surcharge

1.20

Design Parameters

Grade of Concrete

M25

Grade of Steel

Fe500

Clear Cover for earth face structural component

50

Clear Cover for inside face structural component

50

Clear Cover for bottom slab

50

Permissible direct comp. strength of Concrete (scc)

6.25

Permissible flexural comp. strength of Concrete (scb)

8.33

Permissible tensile strength of Concrete ( sct )

0.61

Permissible tensile strength of Steel ( sst )

240

Design Costants:
Modular Ratio

10

Netral axis depth factor

0.258

Lever arm factor

0.914

moment of resistance factor

0.981

U.D.L on vertical wall

32.813

U.D.L on base slab

10.625

0.3

2.0

Load Calculation

2.10

Dead Load of the Structure 'DL'

2.20

Dead Load on Bottom Slab due to Soil Silting


Thickness of earth fill due to silting
Load (UDL) on bottom slab =

2.30

0.3 * 20

Horizontal Earth Pressure


Critical loading condition will be the situation when box will be subjected to earth pressure
due to saturated backfill and there will be no water inside the box.
Co-efficient of Active Earth Pressure=

(Ka)static

cos2 ( )

cos2cos( ) 1

sin( )sin( i
cos( )cos(

= 0.297
Earth-pressure at a depth 'h' from the top of vertical wall=Ka. s.h kN/sq.m
Horizontal force on wall due to Earth pressure at variuos level is shown in the load diagram below.
2.40

Live Load Surcharge


Equivalent height

1.20

Uniform Intensity of loading =

3.0

7.13

Structural Analysis

The structure is analysed for variuos load acting on it using structural-design software ''STAAD
modelling it along the center lines of walls and slab. Spring type supports are adopted which a
various nodes along bottom slab. Stiffness of the support are calculated based on modulus of subgra

32.813

32.813
4.125

16.625
20.79
22.05

7.13

7.13
LOAD DIAGRAM
3

8
1

10

11

12

13

14

Figure: STADD Discretisation of BOX Geometry.

Spring Constant=

2500 kN/m2 per m width

7
2

Nos. of springs provided=

10

Spring constant at end supports 1,2=

234.38 kN/m per m width

Spring constant at penultimate supports 5,6=

904.0 kN/m per m width

Spring constant atintermediate supports 9 to 14=

1339.29 kN/m per m width

4. Design of Drain
a) Design of Vertical wall
Design for flexure due to (EP+DL) combination :
Max. Moment at the face of bott. Slab

88 kN-m

Required Effective Depth

300 mm

Overall depth proposed

375 mm

Clear Cover

50 mm

Effective cover

58 mm

Hence Effective depth

317 mm > required

Effective depth provided

317 mm

Tension reinforcement on outer/ earth face


Area of Steel required

1265.51 mm2

min. area of steel=0.12% of bD

450.00 mm2

Main Bar dia provided

16 mm

Spacing required

158.80 mm

Spacing upto half height from base

150.00 mm

Spacing for remaining ht.

300.00 mm

Actual Area of Steel provided

1339.73 mm2

Curtailed area of steel

1004.8 mm2

Provide TOR 16 @ 150 c/c for bottom half and 300 c/c forupper half
Vertical reinforcement: inner face/water face
min. area of steel=0.12% of bD

450.00 mm2

Area of steel provided

225.00 mm2

Dia of bar considerd

10 mm

Spacing required

348.90 mm

Spacing provided

300.00 mm

Actual Area of Steel provided

261.667 mm2

0.20*DL Moment

18.00 kN-m

Provide TOR 10 @ 300 c/c


Distribution reinforcement :
Moment
Area of Steel required

258.85 mm2

Min. area of Steel both face

450.00 mm2

0.25 of provided main reinf.

334.93 mm2

Bar dia provided

8 mm

Spacing required

150 mm

Spacing upto half the ht. from base

150 mm

Spacing for remaining ht.

300 mm

Cuttailed Area of Steel provided

251 mm2

Provide TOR 8 @ 150 c/c for bottom half and 300 c/c for remaning half on each face
Shear Check:
S.F. at a dist. deff. from face of bott. Slab

Shear Stress

% of Steel provided

permissible shear stress

(Refer IRC:21-2000, Table-12B)

53 kN
0.167 Mpa
0.42

0.285 Mpa > Actual, hence O.K


(no shear reinf. reqd.)

b) Design of base-slab
Design for flexure due to (EP+DL) combination :
Max. Moment at wall face

100 kN-m

Effective Depth required

319 mm

Overall depth considered

425 mm

Clear Cover

50 mm

Effective cover

60 mm

Effective depth

365 mm > required.

Effective depth considered

325 mm

Revise overall depth

375 mm

Tension reinforcement at bottom face


Area of Steel required

1402.68 mm2

min. area of steel=0.12% of bD

450.00 mm2

Main Bar dia provided

20 mm

Spacing required

223.86 mm

Spacing provided

200.00 mm

Area of Steel provided

1570 mm2

min. area of steel=0.12% of bD

450.00 mm2

Area of steel provided

225.00 mm2

Dia of bar considerd

10 mm

Spacing required

349 mm

Spacing provided

300 mm

Provide TOR 20 @ 200 c/c


Reinforcement: top face

Actual Area of Steel provided

261.667 mm2

0.20*DL Moment

20.00 kN-m

Provide TOR 10 @ 300 c/c


Distribution reinforcement :
Moment
Area of Steel required

280.54 mm2

Min. area of Steel both face

450.00 mm2

0.25 of provided main reinf.

392.50 mm2

Area of Steel provided

392.50 mm2

Bar dia provided

10 mm

Spacing required

200.00 mm

Spacing provided

200.00 mm

Provide TOR 10 @ 200 c/c on each face


Shear Check:
S.F. at a dist. deff. from face of bott. Slab

Shear Stress

% of Steel provided

permissible shear stress

21.263 kN
0.065 Mpa
0.48

0.305 Mpa > Actual, hence O.K

(Refer IRC:21-2000, Table-12B)

(no shear reinf. reqd.)

Design dimensions and reinforcments :

Clear (span
x height)
3.75 x 3.5

Reinforcemnt

thick. in
mm

earth face

water face

wall

375

T16 @ 150 & 300 c/c

T10 @ 300 c/c

base-slab

375

T20 @ 200 c/c

T10 @ 300 c/c

Member

Curtailment of wall Reinforcement:


50% vertical bars of earth face & distribution bars on both face is curtailed due to reducing moment.

0.00
3750

7 1 .0 0

1750

17.00

1 0 0 .0 0

3500

1875

B.M.D. BASE-SLAB

7 1 .0 0

1 0 0 .0 0

3500
1750

17.00

B.M.D. BASE-SLAB

88.00
B.M.D. of Wall

erall width=4.50m)

m
m
m
m
m
m

kN/m3
kN/m3
kN/m2
degree
degree
degree
degree
mm
m

mm
mm
mm
N/mm2
N/mm2
N/mm2
N/mm2

N/mm2

kN/m
kN/m

m
KN/m

rth pressure

os2 ( )

sin( )sin( i)

cos( )cos( i)

oad diagram below.

KN/m2

3.713

esign software ''STAAD.ProV8i " by


are adopted which are applied at
on modulus of subgrade reaction.

20.79
22.05

N/m per m width

N/m per m width

N/m per m width

(from analysis output)

mm > required

lf on each face

(from analysis output)

pa > Actual, hence O.K.

no shear reinf. reqd.)

(from analysis output)

mm > required.

(from analysis output)

pa > Actual, hence O.K.

no shear reinf. reqd.)

cemnt
distribution bar. b/f
T8 @ 150 & 300 c/c
T10 @ 200 c/c

e to reducing moment.

SE-SLAB

1 0 0 .0 0

SE-SLAB

1 0 0 .0 0

DESIGN OF R.C.C. OPEN DRAIN ( clear height= 3.00 m, overall width=4.50m)

TYPICAL CROSS-SECTION
1.0

Design Data

1.1

Preliminary Dimensions :

1.2

1.3

Clear Span

'b'

3.80

Clear Height

'a'

3.00

Wall Thickness

'f'

0.350

Base Thickness

'e'

0.350

Overall height

'H'

3.350

Overall width

'W'

4.50

Material Properties
Density of backfill soil

20

Density of Concrete

25

S.B.C. of Soil

qs

100

Angle of Internal friction for back fill

30

friction angle between wall & backfill

20

Angle of Inclination of back of wall

Slope of backfill with horizontal

Permissible Settlement

40.00

Height of surcharge

1.20

Design Parameters

Grade of Concrete

M25

Grade of Steel

Fe500

Clear Cover for earth face structural component

50

Clear Cover for inside face structural component

50

Clear Cover for bottom slab

50

Permissible direct comp. strength of Concrete (scc)

6.25

Permissible flexural comp. strength of Concrete (scb)

8.33

Permissible tensile strength of Concrete ( sct )

0.61

Permissible tensile strength of Steel ( sst )

240

Design Costants:
Modular Ratio

10

Netral axis depth factor

0.258

Lever arm factor

0.914

moment of resistance factor

0.981

U.D.L on vertical wall

27.781

U.D.L on base slab

8.75

0.3

2.0

Load Calculation

2.10

Dead Load of the Structure 'DL'

2.20

Dead Load on Bottom Slab due to Soil Silting


Thickness of earth fill due to silting
Load (UDL) on bottom slab =

2.30

0.3 * 20

Horizontal Earth Pressure


Critical loading condition will be the situation when box will be subjected to earth pressure
due to saturated backfill and there will be no water inside the box.
Co-efficient of Active Earth Pressure=

(Ka)static

cos2 ( )

cos2cos( ) 1

sin( )sin( i
cos( )cos(

= 0.297
Earth-pressure at a depth 'h' from the top of vertical wall=Ka. s.h kN/sq.m
Horizontal force on wall due to Earth pressure at variuos level is shown in the load diagram below.
2.40

Live Load Surcharge


Equivalent height

1.20

Uniform Intensity of loading =

3.0

7.13

Structural Analysis

The structure is analysed for variuos load acting on it using structural-design software ''STAAD
modelling it along the center lines of walls and slab. Spring type supports are adopted which a
various nodes along bottom slab. Stiffness of the support are calculated based on modulus of subgra

27.781

27.781
4.150

14.75
17.82
18.86

7.13

7.13
LOAD DIAGRAM

8
1

10

11

12

13

14

Figure: STADD Discretisation of BOX Geometry.

Spring Constant=

2500 kN/m2 per m width

7
2

Nos. of springs provided=

10

Spring constant at end supports 1,2=

218.75 kN/m per m width

Spring constant at penultimate supports 5,6=

897.3 kN/m per m width

Spring constant atintermediate supports 9 to 14=

1357.1 kN/m per m width

4. Design of Drain
a) Design of Vertical wall
Design for flexure due to (EP+DL) combination :
Max. Moment at the face of bott. Slab

58.82 kN-m

Required Effective Depth

245 mm

Overall depth proposed

350 mm

Clear Cover

50 mm

Effective cover

58 mm

Hence Effective depth

292 mm > required

Effective depth provided

292 mm

Area of Steel required

918.3 mm2

min. area of steel=0.12% of bD

420.00 mm2

Main Bar dia provided

16 mm

Spacing required

218.80 mm

Spacing upto half height from base

150.00 mm

Spacing for remaining ht.

300.00 mm

Actual Area of Steel provided

1339.73 mm2

Curtailed area of steel

1004.8 mm2

Tension reinforcement on outer/ earth face

Provide TOR 16 @ 150 c/c for bottom half and @ 300 c/c for upper half
Vertical reinforcement: inner face/water face
min. area of steel=0.12% of bD

420.00 mm2

Area of steel provided

210.00 mm2

Dia of bar considerd

10 mm

Spacing required

373.80 mm

Spacing provided

300.00 mm

Actual Area of Steel provided

261.667 mm2

0.20*DL Moment

12.00 kN-m

Provide TOR 10 @ 300 c/c


Distribution reinforcement :
Moment
Area of Steel required

187.34 mm2

Min. area of Steel both face

420.00 mm2

0.25 of provided main reinf.

334.93 mm2

Bar dia provided

8 mm

Spacing required

150 mm

Spacing upto half the ht. from base

150 mm

Spacing for remaining ht.

300 mm

Cuttailed Area of Steel provided

251 mm2

Provide TOR 8 @ 150 c/c for bottom half and 300 c/c for remaning half on each face
Shear Check:
S.F. at a dist. deff. from face of bott. Slab

Shear Stress

% of Steel provided

permissible shear stress

(Refer IRC:21-2000, Table-12B)

41 kN
0.140 Mpa
0.46

0.297 Mpa > Actual, hence O.K


(no shear reinf. reqd.)

b) Design of base-slab
Design for flexure due to (EP+DL) combination :
Max. Moment at face of wall

67.62 kN-m

Effective Depth required

263 mm

Overall depth considered

350 mm

Clear Cover

50 mm

Effective cover

58 mm

Hence Effective depth

292 mm > required.

Effective depth provided

292 mm

Overall depth provided

350 mm

Tension reinforcement at bottom face


Area of Steel required

1055.69 mm2

min. area of stell=0.12% of bD

420.00 mm2

Main Bar dia provided

16 mm

Spacing required

190.36 mm

Spacingprovided

190.00 mm

Area of Steel provided

1057.68 mm2

min. area of steel=0.12% of bD

420.00 mm2

Area of steel provided

210.00 mm2

Dia of bar considerd

10 mm

Spacing required

374 mm

Spacing provided

300 mm

Actual Area of Steel provided

Provide TOR 16 @ 190 c/c


Reinforcement: top face

261.667 mm2

Provide TOR 10 @ 300 c/c


Distribution reinforcement :
Moment

0.20*DL Moment

14.00 kN-m

Area of Steel required

218.57 mm2

Min. area of Steel both face

420.00 mm2

0.25 of provided main reinf.

264.42 mm2

Area of Steel provided

264.42 mm2

Bar dia provided

8 mm

Spacing required

190.00 mm

Spacing provided

190.00 mm

Provide TOR 8 @ 190 c/c on each face


Shear Check:
S.F. at a dist. deff. from face of bott. Slab

22.11 kN

Shear Stress

0.076 Mpa

% of Steel provided

permissible shear stress

0.36

0.266 Mpa > Actual, hence O.K

(Refer IRC:21-2000, Table-12B)

(no shear reinf. reqd.)

Final design dimensions and reinforcment of the drain:

Clear (span
x height)
3.80 x 3.0

Reinforcemnt

thick. in
mm

earth face

water face

wall

350

T16 @ 150 & 300 c/c

T10 @ 300 c/c

base-slab

350

T16 @ 190 c/c

T10 @ 300 c/c

Member

Curtailment of wall Reinforcement:


50% vertical bars of earth face & distribution bars on both face is curtailed due to reducing moment.

0.00

3800

59.00

3 9 .0 0

1500

12.00

6 7 .6 2

3000

1900

B.M.D. BASE-SLAB

59.00
B.M.D. of Wall

3 9 .0 0

6 7 .6 2

1500

30

12.00

B.M.D. BASE-SLAB

erall width=4.50m)

m
m
m
m
m
m

kN/m3
kN/m3
kN/m2
degree
degree
degree
degree
mm
m

mm
mm
mm
N/mm2
N/mm2
N/mm2
N/mm2

N/mm2

kN/m
kN/m

m
KN/m

rth pressure

os2 ( )

sin( )sin( i)

cos( )cos( i)

oad diagram below.

KN/m2

3.175

esign software ''STAAD.ProV8i " by


are adopted which are applied at
on modulus of subgrade reaction.

17.82
18.86

etry.

7
2

N/m per m width

N/m per m width

N/m per m width

(from analysis output)

mm > required

lf on each face

(from analysis output)

pa > Actual, hence O.K.

no shear reinf. reqd.)

(from analysis output)

mm > required.

(from analysis output)

pa > Actual, hence O.K.

no shear reinf. reqd.)

cemnt
distribution bar. b/f
T8 @ 150 & 300 c/c
T 8 @ 190 c/c

e to reducing moment.

ASE-SLAB

6 7 .6 2

00

ASE-SLAB

6 7 .6 2

DESIGN OF R.C.C. OPEN DRAIN ( clear height= 2.50 m, overall width=4.50m)

TYPICAL CROSS-SECTION
1.0

Design Data

1.1

Preliminary Dimensions :

1.2

1.3

Clear Span

'b'

3.90

Clear Height

'a'

2.50

Wall Thickness

'f'

0.300

Base Thickness

'e'

0.300

Overall height

'H'

2.800

Overall width

'W'

4.50

Material Properties
Density of backfill soil

20

Density of Concrete

25

S.B.C. of Soil

qs

100

Angle of Internal friction for back fill

30

friction angle between wall & backfill

20

Angle of Inclination of back of wall

Slope of backfill with horizontal

Permissible Settlement

40.00

Height of surcharge

1.20

Design Parameters

Grade of Concrete

M25

Grade of Steel

Fe500

Clear Cover for earth face structural component

50

Clear Cover for inside face structural component

50

Clear Cover for bottom slab

50

Permissible direct comp. strength of Concrete (scc)

6.25

Permissible flexural comp. strength of Concrete (scb)

8.33

Permissible tensile strength of Concrete ( sct )

0.61

Permissible tensile strength of Steel ( sst )

240

Design Costants:
Modular Ratio

10

Netral axis depth factor

0.258

Lever arm factor

0.914

moment of resistance factor

0.981

U.D.L on vertical wall

19.875

U.D.L on base slab

7.5

0.3

2.0

Load Calculation

2.10

Dead Load of the Structure 'DL'

2.20

Dead Load on Bottom Slab due to Soil Silting


Thickness of earth fill due to silting
Load (UDL) on bottom slab =

2.30

0.3 * 20

Horizontal Earth Pressure


Critical loading condition will be the situation when box will be subjected to earth pressure
due to saturated backfill and there will be no water inside the box.
Co-efficient of Active Earth Pressure=

(Ka)static

cos2 ( )

cos2cos( ) 1

sin( )sin( i
cos( )cos(

= 0.297
Earth-pressure at a depth 'h' from the top of vertical wall=Ka. s.h kN/sq.m
Horizontal force on wall due to Earth pressure at variuos level is shown in the load diagram below.
2.40

Live Load Surcharge


Equivalent height

1.20

Uniform Intensity of loading =

3.0

7.13

Structural Analysis

The structure is analysed for variuos load acting on it using structural-design software ''STAAD
modelling it along the center lines of walls and slab. Spring type supports are adopted which a
various nodes along bottom slab. Stiffness of the support are calculated based on modulus of subgra

19.875

19.875
4.200

13.5
14.85
15.74

7.13

7.13
LOAD DIAGRAM

8
1

10

11

12

13

14

Figure: STADD Discretisation of BOX Geometry.

Spring Constant=

2500 kN/m2 per m width

7
2

Nos. of springs provided=

10

Spring constant at end supports 1,2=

187.50 kN/m per m width

Spring constant at penultimate supports 5,6=

883.9 kN/m per m width

Spring constant atintermediate supports 9 to 14=

1392.9 kN/m per m width

4. Design of Drain
a) Design of Vertical wall
Design for flexure due to (EP+DL) combination :
Max. Moment at the face of bott. Slab

37.756 kN-m

Required Effective Depth

196 mm

Overall depth proposed

300 mm

Clear Cover

50 mm

Effective cover

56 mm

Hence Effective depth

244 mm > required

Effective depth considerd

244 mm > required

Tension reinforcement on outer/ earth face


Area of Steel required

705.405 mm2

min. area of steel=0.12% of bD

360.00 mm2

Main Bar dia provided

12 mm

Spacing required

160.20 mm

Spacing upto half height from base

150.00 mm

Spacing for remaining ht.

300.00 mm

Actual Area of Steel provided

753.6 mm2

Curtailed area of steel

565.2 mm2

Provide TOR 12 @ 150 c/c for bottom half and @ 300 c/c for upper half
Reinforcement: inner face/water face
min. area of steel=0.12% of bD

360.00 mm2

Area of steel provided

180.00 mm2

Dia of bar considerd

10 mm

Spacing required

436.10 mm

Spacing provided

300.00 mm

Actual Area of Steel provided

261.667 mm2

0.20*DL Moment

Provide TOR 10 @ 300 c/c


Distribution reinforcement :
Moment

=
Area of Steel required

8.00 kN-m
149.47 mm2

Min. area of Steel both face

360.00 mm2

0.25 of provided main reinf.

188.40 mm2

Area of Steel provided

188.40 mm2

Bar dia provided

8 mm

Spacing required

267 mm

Spacing upto half the ht. from base

150 mm

Spacing for remaining ht.

300 mm

Cuttailed Area of Steel provided

251 mm2

Provide TOR 8 @ 150 c/c for bottom half and 300 c/c for remaning half on each face
Shear Check:
S.F. at a dist. deff. from face of bott. Slab

32.11 kN

Shear Stress

0.132 Mpa

% of Steel provided

permissible shear stress

(Refer IRC:21-2000, Table-12B)

0.23

0.224 Mpa > Actual, hence O.K


(no shear reinf. reqd.)

b) Design of base-slab
Design for flexure due to (EP+DL) combination :
Max. Moment at face of wall

43.46 kN-m

Effective Depth required

210 mm

Overall depth proposed

300 mm

Clear Cover

50 mm

Effective cover

58 mm

Effective depth

242 mm > required.

Effective depth considered

242 mm

Overall depth provided

300 mm

Tension reinforcement at bottom face


Area of Steel required

818.685 mm2

min. area of stell=0.12% of bD

360.00 mm2

Main Bar dia provided

16 mm

Spacing required

245.47 mm

Spacing provided

225.00 mm

Area of Steel provided

893.156 mm2

min. area of steel=0.12% of bD

360.00 mm2

Area of steel provided

180.00 mm2

Dia of bar considerd

10 mm

Spacing required

436 mm

Spacing provided

300 mm

Provide TOR 16 @ 225 c/c


Reinforcement: top face

Actual Area of Steel provided

261.667 mm2

0.20*DL Moment

Provide TOR 10 @ 300 c/c


Distribution reinforcement :
Moment

9.00 kN-m

Area of Steel required

169.54 mm2

Min. area of Steel both face

360.00 mm2

0.25 of provided main reinf.

223.29 mm2

Area of Steel provided

223.29 mm2

Bar dia provided

8 mm

Spacing required

225.00 mm

Spacing provided

225.00 mm

Provide TOR 8 @ 225 c/c on each face


Shear Check:
S.F. at a dist. deff. from face of bott. Slab

16.4 kN

Shear Stress

0.068 Mpa

% of Steel provided

permissible shear stress

0.37

0.268 Mpa > Actual, hence O.K

(Refer IRC:21-2000, Table-12B)

(no shear reinf. reqd.)

Final design dimensions and reinforcment of the drain:

Clear (span
x height)
3.90 x 2.5

Reinforcemnt

thick. in
mm

earth face

water face

wall

300

T12 @ 150 & 300 c/c

T10 @ 300 c/c

base-slab

300

T16 @ 225c/c

T10 @ 300 c/c

Member

0.00

3900

2 2 .5 0

1250

8.00

4 3 .4 6

2500

1950

38.00
B.M.D. of Wall

2 2 .5 0

4 3 .4 6

2500
1250

8.00

B.M.D. BASE-SLAB

erall width=4.50m)

m
m
m
m
m
m

kN/m3
kN/m3
kN/m2
degree
degree
degree
degree
mm
m

mm
mm
mm
N/mm2
N/mm2
N/mm2
N/mm2

N/mm2

kN/m
kN/m

m
KN/m

rth pressure

os2 ( )

sin( )sin( i)

cos( )cos( i)

oad diagram below.

KN/m2

2.650

esign software ''STAAD.ProV8i " by


are adopted which are applied at
on modulus of subgrade reaction.

14.85
15.74

etry.

7
2

N/m per m width

N/m per m width

N/m per m width

(from analysis output)

mm > required

mm > required

lf on each face
(from analysis output)

pa > Actual, hence O.K.

no shear reinf. reqd.)

(from analysis output)

mm > required.

(from analysis output)

pa > Actual, hence O.K.

no shear reinf. reqd.)

cemnt
distribution bar. b/f
T8 @ 150 & 300 c/c
T8 @ 225 c/c

4 3 .4 6

SE-SLAB

4 3 .4 6

DESIGN OF R.C.C. OPEN DRAIN ( clear height= 2.00 m, overall width=4.50m)

TYPICAL CROSS-SECTION
1.0

Design Data

1.1

Preliminary Dimensions :

1.2

1.3

Clear Span

'b'

4.05

Clear Height

'a'

2.00

Wall Thickness

'f'

0.225

Base Thickness

'e'

0.250

Overall height

'H'

2.250

Overall width

'W'

4.50

Material Properties
Density of backfill soil

20

Density of Concrete

25

S.B.C. of Soil

qs

100

Angle of Internal friction for back fill

30

friction angle between wall & backfill

20

Angle of Inclination of back of wall

Slope of backfill with horizontal

Permissible Settlement

40.00

Height of surcharge

1.20

Design Parameters

Grade of Concrete

M25

Grade of Steel

Fe500

Clear Cover for earth face structural component

50

Clear Cover for inside face structural component

50

Clear Cover for bottom slab

50

Permissible direct comp. strength of Concrete (scc)

6.25

Permissible flexural comp. strength of Concrete (scb)

8.33

Permissible tensile strength of Concrete ( sct )

0.61

Permissible tensile strength of Steel ( sst )

240

Design Costants:
Modular Ratio

10

Netral axis depth factor

0.258

Lever arm factor

0.914

moment of resistance factor

0.981

U.D.L on vertical wall

11.953

U.D.L on base slab

6.25

0.3

2.0

Load Calculation

2.10

Dead Load of the Structure 'DL'

2.20

Dead Load on Bottom Slab due to Soil Silting


Thickness of earth fill due to silting
Load (UDL) on bottom slab =

2.30

0.3 * 20

Horizontal Earth Pressure


Critical loading condition will be the situation when box will be subjected to earth pressure
due to saturated backfill and there will be no water inside the box.
Co-efficient of Active Earth Pressure=

(Ka)static

cos2 ( )

cos2cos( ) 1

sin( )sin( i
cos( )cos(

= 0.297
Earth-pressure at a depth 'h' from the top of vertical wall=Ka. s.h kN/sq.m
Horizontal force on wall due to Earth pressure at variuos level is shown in the load diagram below.
2.40

Live Load Surcharge

3.0

Equivalent height

1.20

Uniform Intensity of loading =

7.13

Structural Analysis

The structure is analysed for variuos load acting on it using structural-design software ''STAAD
modelling it along the center lines of walls and slab. Spring type supports are adopted which a
various nodes along bottom slab. Stiffness of the support are calculated based on modulus of subgra

11.953

11.953
4.275

12.25
11.88
12.62

7.13

7.13
LOAD DIAGRAM

8
1

10

11

12

13

14

Figure: STADD Discretisation of BOX Geometry.

7
2

Spring Constant=

2500 kN/m2 per m width

Nos. of springs provided=

10

Spring constant at end supports 1,2=

140.63 kN/m per m width

Spring constant at penultimate supports 5,6=

863.8 kN/m per m width

Spring constant atintermediate supports 9 to 14=

1446.4 kN/m per m width

4. Design of Drain
a) Design of Vertical wall
Design for flexure due to (EP+DL) combination :
Max. Moment at the face of bott. Slab

22.18 kN-m

Required Effective Depth

150 mm

Overall depth proposed

225 mm

Clear Cover

50 mm

Effective cover

56 mm

Hence Effective depth

169 mm

Effective depth considerd

194 mm > required

Overall depth considered

250 mm

Tension reinforcement on outer/ earth face


Area of Steel required

521.198 mm2

min. area of steel=0.12% of bD

300.00 mm2

Main Bar dia provided

10 mm

Spacing required

150.60 mm

Spacing upto half height from base

150.00 mm

Spacing for remaining ht.

300.00 mm

Actual Area of Steel provided

523.333 mm2

Curtailed area of steel

392.5 mm2

Provide TOR 10 @ 150 c/c for bottom half and @ 300 c/c for upper half
Reinforcement: inner face/water face
min. area of steel=0.12% of bD

300.00 mm2

Area of steel provided

150.00 mm2

Dia of bar considerd

8 mm

Spacing required

334.90 mm

Spacing provided

300.00 mm

Actual Area of Steel provided

167.467 mm2

0.20*DL Moment

Provide TOR 8 @ 300 c/c


Distribution reinforcement :
Moment

4.00 kN-m

Area of Steel required

93.99 mm2

Min. area of Steel both face

300.00 mm2

0.25 of provided main reinf.

130.83 mm2

Area of Steel considered

150.00 mm2

Bar dia provided

8 mm

Spacing required

335 mm

spacing provided

300 mm

Actual Area of Steel provided

167 mm2 > required

Provide TOR 8 @ 300 c/c


Shear Check:
S.F. at a dist. deff. from face of bott. Slab

Shear Stress

% of Steel provided

permissible shear stress

(Refer IRC:21-2000, Table-12B)

22 kN
0.113 Mpa
0.27

0.236 Mpa > Actual, hence O.K


(no shear reinf. reqd.)

b) Design of base-slab
Design for flexure due to (EP+DL) combination :
Max. Moment at face of wall

25.6 kN-m

Effective Depth required

162 mm

Overall depth proposed

250 mm

Clear Cover

50 mm

Effective cover

56 mm

Effective depth

194 mm > required.

Effective depth considered

194 mm

Overall depth provided

250 mm

Tension reinforcement at bottom face


Area of Steel required

601.563 mm2

min. area of stell=0.12% of bD

300.00 mm2

Main Bar dia provided

12 mm

Spacing

187.91 mm

Spacing provided

175.00 mm

Area of Steel provided

645.943 mm2

min. area of steel=0.12% of bD

300.00 mm2

Area of steel provided

150.00 mm2

Dia of bar considerd

Provide TOR 12 @ 175 c/c


Reinforcement: top face

8 mm

Spacing required

335 mm

Spacing provided

300 mm

Actual Area of Steel provided

167.467 mm2

0.20*DL Moment

Provide TOR 8 @ 300 c/c


Distribution reinforcement :
Moment

5.00 kN-m

Area of Steel required

117.49 mm2

Min. area of Steel both face

300.00 mm2

0.25 of provided main reinf.

161.49 mm2

Area of Steel provided

161.49 mm2

Bar dia provided

8 mm

Spacing required

311.00 mm

Spacing provided

300.00 mm

Provide TOR 8 @ 300 c/c on each face


Shear Check:
S.F. at a dist. deff. from face of bott. Slab

Shear Stress

% of Steel provided

permissible shear stress

10.775 kN
0.056 Mpa
0.33

0.257 Mpa > Actual, hence O.K

(Refer IRC:21-2000, Table-12B)

(no shear reinf. reqd.)

Final design dimensions and reinforcment of the drain:

Clear (span
x height)
4.00 x 2.0

Reinforcemnt

thick. in
mm

earth face

water face

wall

250

T10 @ 150 & 300 c/c

T8 @ 300 c/c

base-slab

250

T12 @ 175 c/c

T8@ 300 c/c

Member

0.00

4000

22.00
B.M.D. of Wall

1 2 .5 5

1000

5.00

2 5 .6

2000

2000

B.M.D. BASE-SLAB

B.M.D. of Wall

1 2 .5 5

2 5 .6

1000
22.00

B.M.D. BASE-SLAB

erall width=4.50m)

m
m
m
m
m
m

kN/m3
kN/m3
kN/m2
degree
degree
degree
degree
mm
m

mm
mm
mm
N/mm2
N/mm2
N/mm2
N/mm2

N/mm2

kN/m
kN/m

m
KN/m

rth pressure

os2 ( )

sin( )sin( i)

cos( )cos( i)

oad diagram below.

m
KN/m2

2.125

esign software ''STAAD.ProV8i " by


are adopted which are applied at
on modulus of subgrade reaction.

11.88
12.62

etry.

7
2

N/m per m width

N/m per m width

N/m per m width

(from analysis output)

mm > required

mm2 > required

(from analysis output)

pa > Actual, hence O.K.

no shear reinf. reqd.)

(from analysis output)

mm > required.

(from analysis output)

pa > Actual, hence O.K.

no shear reinf. reqd.)

cemnt

E-SLAB

distribution bar. b/f


T8 @ 300 c/c

2 5 .6

T8 @ 300 c/c

E-SLAB

2 5 .6

DESIGN OF R.C.C. OPEN DRAIN ( clear height= 2.00 m, overall width=4.50m)

TYPICAL CROSS-SECTION
1.0

Design Data

1.1

Preliminary Dimensions :

1.2

1.3

Clear Span

'b'

4.10

Clear Height

'a'

1.50

Wall Thickness

'f'

0.200

Base Thickness

'e'

0.200

Overall height

'H'

1.700

Overall width

'W'

4.50

Material Properties
Density of backfill soil

20

Density of Concrete

25

S.B.C. of Soil

qs

100

Angle of Internal friction for back fill

30

friction angle between wall & backfill

20

Angle of Inclination of back of wall

Slope of backfill with horizontal

Permissible Settlement

40.00

Height of surcharge

1.20

Design Parameters

Grade of Concrete

M25

Grade of Steel

Fe500

Clear Cover for earth face structural component

50

Clear Cover for inside face structural component

50

Clear Cover for bottom slab

50

Permissible direct comp. strength of Concrete (scc)

6.25

Permissible flexural comp. strength of Concrete (scb)

8.33

Permissible tensile strength of Concrete ( sct )

0.61

Permissible tensile strength of Steel ( sst )

240

Design Costants:
Modular Ratio

10

Netral axis depth factor

0.258

Lever arm factor

0.914

moment of resistance factor

0.981

U.D.L on vertical wall

8.000

U.D.L on base slab

0.3

2.0

Load Calculation

2.10

Dead Load of the Structure 'DL'

2.20

Dead Load on Bottom Slab due to Soil Silting


Thickness of earth fill due to silting
Load (UDL) on bottom slab =

2.30

0.3 * 20

Horizontal Earth Pressure


Critical loading condition will be the situation when box will be subjected to earth pressure
due to saturated backfill and there will be no water inside the box.
Co-efficient of Active Earth Pressure=

(Ka)static

cos2 ( )

cos2cos( ) 1

sin( )sin( i
cos( )cos(

= 0.297
Earth-pressure at a depth 'h' from the top of vertical wall=Ka. s.h kN/sq.m
Horizontal force on wall due to Earth pressure at variuos level is shown in the load diagram below.
2.40

Live Load Surcharge


Equivalent height

1.20

Uniform Intensity of loading =

3.0

7.13

Structural Analysis

The structure is analysed for variuos load acting on it using structural-design software ''STAAD
modelling it along the center lines of walls and slab. Spring type supports are adopted which a
various nodes along bottom slab. Stiffness of the support are calculated based on modulus of subgra

8.000

8.000
4.300

11.00
8.91
9.50

7.13

7.13
LOAD DIAGRAM

8
1

10

11

12

13

14

Figure: STADD Discretisation of BOX Geometry.

Spring Constant=

2500 kN/m2 per m width

7
2

Nos. of springs provided=

10

Spring constant at end supports 1,2=

125.00 kN/m per m width

Spring constant at penultimate supports 5,6=

857.1 kN/m per m width

Spring constant atintermediate supports 9 to 14=

1464.3 kN/m per m width

4. Design of Drain
a) Design of Vertical wall
Moment Max. at the face of bott. Slab

11.36 kN-m

Required Effective Depth

108 mm

Overall depth proposed

200 mm

Clear Cover

50 mm

Effective cover

55 mm

Effective depth

145 mm

Effective depth considerd

145 mm > required

Overall depth considered

200 mm

Tension reinforcement on outer/ earth face


Area of Steel required

357.152 mm2

min. area of steel=0.12% of bD

240.00 mm2

Main Bar dia provided

10 mm

Spacing required

219.80 mm

Spacing upto half height from base

150.00 mm

Spacing for remaining ht.

300.00 mm

Actual Area of Steel provided

523.333 mm2

Curtailed area of steel

392.5 mm2

Provide TOR 10 @ 150 c/c for bottom half and @ 300 c/c for upper half
Reinforcement: inner face/water face
min. area of steel=0.12% of bD

240.00 mm2

Area of steel provided

120.00 mm2

Dia of bar considerd

8 mm

Spacing required

418.70 mm

Spacing provided

300.00 mm

Actual Area of Steel provided

167.467 mm2

0.20*DL Moment

Provide TOR 8 @ 300 c/c


Distribution reinforcement :
Moment

=
Area of Steel required

2.00 kN-m
62.88 mm2

Min. area of Steel both face

240.00 mm2

0.25 of provided main reinf.

130.83 mm2

Area of Steel considered

130.83 mm2

Bar dia provided

8 mm

Spacing required

384 mm

spacing provided

300 mm

Actual Area of Steel provided

167 mm2 > required

Provide TOR 8 @ 300 c/c


Shear Check:
S.F. at a dist. deff. from face of bott. Slab

Shear Stress

% of Steel provided

permissible shear stress

(Refer IRC:21-2000, Table-12B)

15.129 kN
0.104 Mpa
0.36

0.265 Mpa > Actual, hence O.K


(no shear reinf. reqd.)

b) Design of base-slab
Design for flexure due to (EP+DL) combination :
Max. Moment at face of wall

13.18 kN-m

Effective Depth required

116 mm

Overall depth proposed

200 mm

Clear Cover

50 mm

Effective cover

56 mm

Hence Effective depth

144 mm > required.

Effective depth considered

144 mm

Overall depth provided

200 mm

Tension reinforcement at bottom face


Area of Steel required

417.249 mm2

min. area of stell=0.12% of bD

240.00 mm2

Main Bar dia provided

12 mm

Spacing

270.92 mm

Spacing provided

250.00 mm

Area of Steel provided

452.16 mm2

min. area of steel=0.12% of bD

240.00 mm2

Area of steel provided

120.00 mm2

Dia of bar considerd

8 mm

Spacing required

419 mm

Provide TOR 12 @ 250 c/c


Reinforcement: top face

Spacing provided

300 mm

Actual Area of Steel provided

167.467 mm2

0.20*DL Moment

Provide TOR 8 @ 300 c/c


Distribution reinforcement :
Moment

3.00 kN-m

Area of Steel required

94.97 mm2

Min. area of Steel both face

240.00 mm2

0.25 of provided main reinf.

113.04 mm2

Area of Steel provided

120.00 mm2

Bar dia provided

8 mm

Spacing required

419.00 mm

Spacing provided

300.00 mm

Provide TOR 8 @ 300 c/c on each face


Shear Check:
S.F. at a dist. deff. from face of bott. Slab

8.638 kN

Shear Stress

0.060 Mpa

% of Steel provided

permissible shear stress

0.31

0.250 Mpa > Actual, hence O.K

(Refer IRC:21-2000, Table-12B)

(no shear reinf. reqd.)

Final design dimensions and reinforcment of the drain:

Clear (span
x height)
4.10 x 1.50

Reinforcemnt

thick. in
mm

earth face

water face

wall

200

T10 @ 150 & 300 c/c

T8 @ 300 c/c

base-slab

200

T12 @ 250 c/c

T8 @ 300 c/c

Member

0.00

4100

750

2.4

11.36
B.M.D. of Wall

7 .5 0

1500

2050

B.M.D. BASE-SLAB

B.M.D. of Wall

7 .5 0

1
750
11.36

B.M.D. BASE-SLAB

erall width=4.50m)

m
m
m
m
m
m

kN/m3
kN/m3
kN/m2
degree
degree
degree
degree
mm
m

mm
mm
mm
N/mm2
N/mm2
N/mm2
N/mm2

N/mm2

kN/m
kN/m

m
KN/m

rth pressure

os2 ( )

sin( )sin( i)

cos( )cos( i)

oad diagram below.

KN/m2

1.600

esign software ''STAAD.ProV8i " by


are adopted which are applied at
on modulus of subgrade reaction.

8.91
9.50

etry.

7
2

N/m per m width

N/m per m width

N/m per m width

(from analysis output)

mm > required

mm2 > required

(from analysis output)

pa > Actual, hence O.K.

no shear reinf. reqd.)

(from analysis output)

mm > required.

(from analysis output)

pa > Actual, hence O.K.

no shear reinf. reqd.)

cemnt
distribution bar. b/f
T8 @ 300 c/c
T8 @ 300 c/c

SE-SLAB

1 3 .1 8

SE-SLAB

1 3 .1 8

DESIGN OF R.C.C. OPEN DRAIN ( clear height= 1.00 m, overall width=4.50m)

TYPICAL CROSS-SECTION
1.0

Design Data

1.1

Dimensions :

1.2

Clear Span

'b'

4.15

Clear Height

'a'

1.00

Wall Thickness

'f'

0.175

Base Thickness

'e'

0.175

Overall height

'H'

1.175

Overall width

'W'

4.50

Material Properties
Density of backfill soil

20

Density of Concrete

25

S.B.C. of Soil

qs

100

Angle of Internal friction for back fill

30

friction angle between wall & backfill

20

Angle of Inclination of back of wall

Slope of backfill with horizontal

Grade of Concrete

M25

Grade of Steel

Fe500

Clear Cover for earth face structural component

50

Clear Cover for inside face structural component

50

Clear Cover for bottom slab

50

4. Design of Drain
a) Design of Vertical wall & Slab:
Tension reinforcement on outer/ earth face
Nominal reinf. @ 0.12 % gross-concrete Area is provided to cater bending reinforcement
Overall depth proposed

175 mm

Clear Cover

50 mm

Effective cover

55 mm

Effective depth

120 mm

min. area of steel=0.12% of bD

Main Bar dia provided

10 mm

Spacing required

373.80 mm

Spacing provided

250.00 mm

Actual Area of Steel provided

210.00 mm2

314 mm2

Provide TOR 10 @ 250 c/c for base slab and walls outer face (tension face)
Provide TOR 8 @ 300 c/c as secondary reinforcemnts.
Design dimensions and reinforcment of the drain:

Clear
Opening
4.15 x 1.00

Reinforcemnt

thick. in
mm

earth face

water face

wall

175

T10 @ 250 c/c

T8 @ 300 c/c

base-slab

175

T10 @ 250 c/c

T8 @ 300 c/c

Member

erall width=4.50m)

m
m
m
m
m
m

kN/m3
kN/m3
kN/m2
degree
degree
degree
degree

mm
mm
mm

cemnt
distribution bar. b/f
T8 @ 300 c/c
T8 @ 300 c/c