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# MACHINE DESIGN/SHOP PRACTICE PROBLEMS

MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS
Select the best answer from each of the following questions. On the answer sheet provided, shade the box that corresponds to
your choice. Strictly no erasures allowed.
1.

A helical gear of 10 inches pitch diameter has a helix angle of 30 o, and there are 30 teeth. Find the value of the normal
circular pitch.
a) 0.9069 inch/tooth
b) 0.6909 inch/tooth
c) 0.6096 inch/tooth
d) 0.9906 inch/tooth

D 10

T
30

Solution: Pc

## Pcn Pc cos 1.0472 cos 30o 0.9069 inch / tooth

2.

A parallel helical gear set was a 17-tooth pinion driving a 34-tooth gear. The pinion has a right-hand helix angle of 30 o, a
normal pressure angle of 20o, and a normal diametral pitch of 5 teeth/in. Find the axial circular pitches.
a) 1.2566 inches/tooth
b) 1.6625 inches/tooth
c) 1.6526 inches/tooth
d) 1.6256 inches/tooth

Pcn
0.62832

cos cos 30o

Solution: Pc

Pa
3.

Pc
0.72552

## 1.2566 inches / tooth

tan tan 30o

A parallel helical gear-set of 19-tooth pinion is driving a 57-tooth gear. The pinion has a left-hand helix of 20 o, a normal
pressure angle of 14.5o, and a normal diametral pitch of 10 teeth/inch. If the pinion is rotating at 1800 rpm and transmitting
50 Hp, determine the tangential load acting on the gear tooth..
a) 1690.33 lb
b) 1960.33 lb
c) 1906.33 lb
d) 1933.06 lb

63000Hp
2
63000 50
2
1960.33 lb

N p D p
1800 1.7854

Solution: Ft
4.

How do you call the circle on a gear that corresponds to the contact surface of the friction wheel?
b) Root circle
c) Pitch circle
d) Base circle
c) Pitch circle
5. These are gears with teeth formed on conical surfaces and are used mostly for transmitting motion between intersecting
shafts. How do you call these gears?
a) Spur gears
b) Helical gears
c) Bevel gears
d) Worm gearings
c) Bevel gears
6. A bearing that primarily guides the motion of a machine member without specific regard to the direction of load application.
a) Journal bearing
b) Clearance bearing
c) Guide bearing
d) Thrust bearing
c) Guide bearing
7. A double-threaded right-handed worm gear transmits 15 Hp at 1150 rpm. The pitch of the worm is 0.75 inch and the pitch
diameter of 3 inches. The pressure angle is 14.5 o and the coefficient of friction is 0.12. Determine the tangential force on
gear.
a) 1987.69 lb
b) 1897.96 lb
c) 1967.89 lb
d) 1796.97 lb
b) 1897.96 lb
Solution: Solving for the worm transmitted or tangential load

2 63000 Hp
2 63000 15
547.83 lb

nw
1150
3
D w

Ftw

2 0.75
1 2P a
L

1
o
9.04
tan
tan

3

w

tan 1

## cos n cos f sin

cos14.33o cos 9.04o 0.12sin 9.04o
547.83
o
o
o
cos14.33 sin 9.04 0.12 cos 9.04
cos n sin f cos

Ftg Ftw

Ftg = 1897.96 lb
8.

A double-threaded worm has a pitch diameter of 3 inches. The wheel has 20 teeth and a pitch diameter of 5 inches. Find the
value of helix angle.
a) 85.04 oC
b) 84.50 oC
o
c) 80.54 C
d) 85.40 oC
c) 80.54 oC

Tg

Tw

Dg
D w tan

Tw Dg
2 5
tan 1 9.4623o

Tg D w
20 3

tan 1

## For the helix angle, = 90 - = 90o 9.4623o = 80.54o

A triple-threaded worm has a lead angle of 17 o and a pitch diameter of 2.25 inches. Find the center distance when the worm
is mated with a wheel of 48 teeth.
a) 6.63 inches
b) 3.66 inches
c) 6.36 inches
d) 7.63 inches
a) 6.63 inches
Solution: Solving for the gear pitch diameter,
9.

Tg

48
11.01 inches
3

o
2.25 tan17

Dg D w tan

Tw

## For the center distance, C

Dw Dg
2

2.25 11.01
6.63 inches
2

10. A load of 10000 lb is carried by a 2.5-inch, single-thread, ACME screw of standard proportions. The pitch is 1/3 inch and
the pitch diameter is 2-1/3 inches. The outside diameter of the collar is equal to 4 inches and the inside diameter is equal to
1.25 inches. For fs = fc = 0.15, find the total torque required if the weight is to be raised at the speed of 10 fpm.
a) 4 323.51 in-lb
b) 4 233.15 in-lb
c) 4 332.51 in-lb
d) 4 523.13 in-lb
a) 4 323.51 in-lb

1
1 p
L

1
3 2.604o

tan

tan

D
2
m

m
3

tan 1

Dc

D co D ci 4 1.25

2.625 inches
2
2

Ts

## 10000 2 1 cos 14.5o tan 2.604o 0.15

WD m cos tan f
3

o
o
2 cos f tan
2
cos 14.5 0.15 tan 2.604
Ts = 2 354.76 in-lb

Tc

1 968.75 in lb
2
2

## Total torque, T = 2354.76 + 1968.75 = 4 323.51 in-lb

11. The root diameter of a double square thread is 0.55 inch. The screw has a pitch of 0.2 inch. Find the outside diameter.
a) 0.75 inch
b) 1.00 inch
c) 0.50 inch
d) 0.25 inch
a) 0.75 inch
Solution: Solving for the outside or major diameter,
Do = Di + p = 0.55 + 0.2 = 0.75 inch

12. When a hot part is cooled suddenly by quenching, there is momentarily a high temperature gradient that induces a stress
gradient. Some metal parts under certain conditions crack as a result. How do you call this phenomenon?
a) Thermal-shock failure
b) Thermal fatigue
c) Honing
d) Quenching
a) Thermal-shock failure
13. How do you call the diameter of the imaginary cylinder that bounds the crest of an external thread and the roots of an
a) Mean diameter
b) Stress diameter
c) Minor diameter
d) Major diameter
d) Major diameter
14. Which of the following screw types is recommended for general use?
a) UNC
b) UNEF
c) UNF
d) NC
a) UNC
15. How do you call a large wood screw that is used to fasten machinery and equipment to a wooden base?
a) Lag screw
b) Wood screw
c) Log screw
d) Square screw
a) Lag screw
16. Which of the following is the criterion for the limiting torsional deflection for machinery shaft?
a) 0.08o to 1o per foot length
b) 0.08o to 3o per foot length
c) 0.08o to 2o per foot length
d) 0.08o to 4o per foot length
o
o
a) 0.08 to 1 per foot length
17. Which of the following is a range for typical hub length, where D is the shaft diameter?
a) 1.25D to 2.4D
b) 1.25D to 5D
c) 1.3D to 3.4D
d) D to 7D
a) 1.25D to 2.4D
18. What do you call the property of a material, which is the resistance to penetration by other materials?
a) Ductility
b) Hardness
c) Brittleness
d) Malleability
b) Hardness
19. It is the property of a metal to harden uniformly and completely to its center. What is this property?
a) Brittleness
b) Ductility
c) Harden ability
d) Malleability
c) Harden ability
20. How do you call the metal property, which enables metals, when in its liquid state, to join easily with another liquid metal?
a) Elasticity
c) Plasticity
c) Fusibility
d) Malleability
c) Fusibility
21. It is an attempt to duplicate how the human mind works in computer processed. How do you call this?
a) Concurrent Engineering
b) Artificial intelligence
c) Computer-Aided Design
d) Mechatronics
b) Artificial intelligence
22. How do you call an application of computer technology to planning, performing, and implementing the design process?
a) Concurrent Engineering
b) Artificial intelligence
c) Computer-Aided Design
d) Mechatronics
c) Computer-Aided Design
23. It a design approach wherein all disciplines involved with products is in the development process from beginning to end.
How do you call this?
a) Concurrent Engineering
b) Artificial intelligence
c) Computer-Aided Design
d) Mechatronics
a) Concurrent Engineering
24. How do you call the transformation of concepts and ideas into useful machinery?
a) Invention
b) Innovation
c) Design
d) Synthesis
c) Design
25. It is a system of units where force is measured in pounds force (lb f), length in inches (in.), and time in seconds (s), mass in
pounds mass (lbm), and temperature in degrees Rankine (oR). How do you call this system of units?
a) SI system of units
b) English System of units
c) Mks system of units
d) ft-lb-s system of units
b) English System of units
26. It is a design approach where no catastrophic loss can occur as a result of a component failure. What is this design approach?
a) Fail-safe design approach
b) Fault free analysis approach
c) Manifest danger approach
d) Redundancy approach
a) Fail-safe design approach
27. It is the condition of a machine element when it is completely inoperable, cannot perform its intended function adequately,
or is unreliable for continued safe use. What do you call this condition?
a) Fail-safe condition
b) Failure condition
c) Critical condition
d) Salvage condition
b) Failure condition
28. How do you call a statistical data used to identify the most likely failure modes?
a) Finite element analysis
b) Fault free analysis
c) Failure analysis
d) Random analysis
b) Fault free analysis
29. It is a computational method used for solving complex shapes, such as those found in machinery; replaces the complex
shape with a set of simple elements interconnected at a finite set of a specific purpose. What is this computational method?
a) Finite element analysis
b) Numerical method of analysis
c) Fault free analysis
d) Synthesis
a) Finite element analysis

30. It is a combination of mechanisms and other components that transform, transmit, or use energy, load, or motion for a
specific purpose. What is this?
a) Mechanism
b) Machine
c) Engine
d) Equipment
b) Machine
31. It is a design approach where needed service is made apparent before catastrophic failure. How do you call this?
a) Manifest danger design approach
b) Machine element function approach
c) Failure analysis
d) Random analysis
a) Manifest danger design approach
32. How do you call a synergetic collection of machine elements?
a) Mechanical system
c) Equipment system
d) Machine components system
a) Mechanical system
33. What is the ratio of allowable stress to a design stress?
a) Dryness factor
b) Safety factor
c) Effectiveness factor
d) Design factor
b) Safety factor
34. How do you call a system of units where force is measured in Newton (N), length in meters, time in seconds (s), mass in
kilograms (kg), and temperature in degree Kelvin (K)?
a) SI system of units
b) English System of units
c) Mks system of units
d) ft-lb-s system of units
a) SI system of units
35. How do you call a structural member designed to support loads perpendicular to its longitudinal axis?
a) Cantilever beam
b) Beam
c) Overhanging beam
d) Column
b) Beam
36. It is a load applied transversely to longitudinal axis of member. How do you call this load?
37. What is a load distributed over an entire area?
38. How do you call a combination of two or more previously defined loads?
39. It is a sketch of parts showing all acting forces. How do you call this?
a) Free-body diagram
b) Lay out
c) Location map
d) Skeletal diagram
a) Free-body diagram
40. It is a beam where one end is fixed and other end is free. How do you call this beam?
a) Cantilever beam
b) Continues beam
c) Overhanging beam
d) Long beam
a) Cantilever beam
41. It is a method used to graphically visualize state of stress acting in different planes passing through a given point. What is
this?
a) Mohrs circle
b) Soderberg Criterion
c) Goodmanns method
d) Gerbers line criterion
a) Mohrs circle
42. It is a load passing through centroid of resisting section. What do you call this load?
43. It is a section of a machine parts where largest internal stress occurs. What is this section?
a) Normal section
b) Critical section
c) Cross section
d) Transverse section
b) Critical section
44. It is a plane that cuts across corner of principal element so that eight planes form octahedron. How do you call this plane?
a) Normal plane
b) Octahedral plane
c) Transverse plane
d) Space plane
b) Octahedral plane
45. How do you call a combination of applied normal and shear stresses that produces maximum principal normal stress or
minimum principal normal stress, with a third principal stress between or equivalent to the extremes?
a) Principal normal stress
b) Principal shear stress
c) Maximum shear stress
d) Octahedral shear stress
a) Principal normal stress
46. How do you call the combination of applied and shear stresses that produces maximum principal shear stress or minimum
principal shear stress?
a) Principal normal stress
b) Principal shear stress
c) Maximum shear stress
d) Octahedral shear stress
a) Principal normal stress
47. What do you call a load collinear with transverse shear force?
48. It is the measure of angular distortion in which shear stress is applied. How do you call this?

a) Shear strain
b) Modulus of elasticity
c) Deformation
d) Modulus of rigidity
a) Shear strain
49. How do you call the characteristic that causes a metal to fracture (break) under a repeated load that is well below the tensile
strength of the metal?
a) Fracture
b) Fatigue
c) Brittleness
d) Failure
b) Fatigue
50. Three extension springs are hooked in series that support a single weight of 100 kg. The first spring is rated at 4 kN/m and
the other two springs are rated 6 kN/m each. Determine the equivalent stiffness of the three springs.
a) 1.71 kN/m
b) 5 kN/m
c) 2.71 kN/m
d) 3.71 kN/m
Solution:

1
1
1
1
1 1 1 1 1 3 4 7

k e k1 k 2 k 3 4 6 6 4 3
12
12

ke

12
1.71 kN / m
7

51. Three extension springs are hooked in parallel that support a single weight of 100 kg. The springs are rated 4 kN/m, 5 kN/m,
and 6 kN/m, respectively. Determine the equivalent spring constant of the three springs.
a) 10 kN/m
b) 15 kN/m
c) 9 kN/m
d) 11 kN/m
Solution: k e k 1 k 2 k 3 4 5 6 15 kN / m
52. A 36-tooth pinion turning at 300 rpm drives 120-tooth gear of 14.5o involute full depth pressure angle. Determine the rpm of
the driven gear.
a) 60 rpm
b) 45 rpm
c) 75 rpm
d) 90 rpm

p
300 36 90 rpm
Solution: n g n p
Tg
120

53. If two parallel shafts are connected by cylinders in pure rolling contact and turning in the same direction, and having a speed
ratio of 2.75, what is the Center distance of the two shafts assuming that the diameter of the smaller cylinder is 22 cm?
a) 18.25 cm
b) 19.25 cm
c) 20.25 cm
d) 17.25 cm
Solution: Diameter of the bigger cylinder,

Center distance,

D 2 SR D 1 2.75 22 60.5 cm

D 2 D 1 60.5 22

19.25 cm
2
2

54. A triple-thread worm has a lead angle of 17o and a pitch diameter of 2.2802 inches. Find the center distance when the worm
is mated with a wheel of 48 teeth.
a) 6.72 inches
b) 7.26 inches
c) 6.27 inches
d) 7.62 inches

Tg

48
o
2.2802 tan 17 11.154 inches
3

Solution: D g
T D w tan
w

Dw Dg

2.2802 11.154
6.72 inches
2

55. A double-thread worm has a pitch diameter of 3 inches. The wheel has 20 teeth and a pitch diameter of 5 inches. Find the
gear helix angle.
a) 4.69o
b) 9.46o
c) 6.49o
d) 6.94o

Solution:

T
tan 1 w
Tg

Dg
1 2 5
o

D tan 20 3 9.46

56. A 20o straight-tooth bevel pinion having 14 teeth and a diametral pitch of 6 teeth/inch drives a 42-tooth gear. The two shafts
are at right angles and in the same plane. Find the pitch angle of the pinion.
a) 18.4o
b) 20o
c) 14.5o
d) 20.5o
Solution: tan

Tp

tan 1 14 18.4 o
42

Tg

57. A parallel helical gear-set consists of a 19-tooth pinion driving a 57-teeth gear. The pinion has a left-hand helix angle of 20 o,
a normal pressure angle of 14o, and a normal diametal pitch of 10 teeth/inch. If the pinion is to transmit 50 Hp at a speed of
1750 rpm. Determine the center distance of the two gears.
a) 2.02 inches
b) 6.06 inches
c) 4.04 inches
d) 2.06 inches
Solution: Pdn

Tp
Tg
Pd

## Pitch diameter of the pinion, D p

Tp
Pdn cos

19
10 cos 20 o

2.02 inches

Tg
2.02 57 6.06 inches
Pitch Diameter of the gear, D g D p
Tp
19

Center-to-center distance, C

D p Dg
2

2.02 6.06
4.04 inches
2

58. What modulus of elasticity in tension is required to obtain a unit deformation of 0.00105 from a load producing a unit tensile
stress of 3163.27 kg/cm2?
a) 40 x 106 psi
b) 43 x 106 psi
c) 45 x 106 psi
d) 46 x 106 psi
Solution:

F
3163.27 kg / cm 2 2.205 lb / kg 2.54 cm / in 2
Stress
A
E

## 42 857 142.86 psi 43 x 10 6 psi

Strain
0.00105
L
59. A disc clutch has 6 pairs of contacting friction surfaces with an outside diameter of 200 mm and an inside diameter of 100
mm. The coefficient of friction of the clutch materials is 0.4 and the axial force is 1500 N. The shaft speed is 1200 rpm.
Determine the Hp that can be transmitted by the clutch assuming uniform pressure.
a) 35.2 Hp
b) 23.5 Hp
c) 47.2 Hp
d) 27.4 Hp
Solution:

3
3
2 ro ri
3 ro2 ri2

3
3

2 100 50 77.78 mm
3 100 2 50 2

## Friction Power or Transmitted Power or Power Capacity,

n Tf
n
Ff rf n f n f Fa rf n f 1200 0.41.5 0.07778 6

30
30
30
30
P = 35.19 kW = 47.2 Hp

Where,

P = power capacity, kW
Ff = friction force, kN
Tf = torque capacity, kN-m
Rf = friction radius or mean radius, m nf = no. of pairs of contacting friction surfaces

60. Determine the power capacity of a cone clutch under uniform pressure and assuming the following conditions: major
diameter = 250 mm; minor diameter = 200 mm; length of conical elements in contact = 125 mm; rotational speed = 870
rpm; coefficient of friction = 0.30; and allowable pressure = 70 kPa.
a) 19.2 kW
b) 21.9 kW
c) 29.1 kW
d) 12.9 kW

3
3
2 ro ri
3 ro2 ri2

3
3

3 125 2 100 2

## Surface Area of contact, A f 2rf b 2 0.11296 0.125 0.0887 m 2

Force normal to the surface of contact,

Fn pA f 70 0.0887 6.209 kN

Power Capacity,

n Tf
n
f Fn rf 870 0.30 6.209 0.11296 19.2 kW
P

30
30
30
61. A flywheel has a mean diameter of 4 ft and is required to handle 2250 ft-lb of kinetic energy. It has a width of 8 inches,
mean operating speed is 300 rpm and the coefficient of fluctuation is to be 0.05. Find the weight of rim, assuming that the
arms and hub are equivalent to 10 % of the total rim weight. The flywheel is made up of cast iron with specific weight of
0.26 lb per cubic inch.
a) 333.7 lb
b) 373.3 lb
c) 337.3 lb
d) 733.3 lb
Solution: KE

1.10 W
Cf V 2
g

g KE

1.10 C f V

32.2 2250

333.7 lb

## Where, V mean velocity

Dn 4 300

62.83 fps
60
60

Cf = coefficient of fluctuation

KE = Kinetic Energy

## g = acceleration due to gravity = 32.2 fps 2

62. A 20o involute spur gear has a tooth whole depth of 16.95 mm, a tooth thickness of 13.2 mm, and a pitch of 3. Determine the
circular pitch of the gear.
a) 26.6 mm
b) 16.6 mm
c) 25.6 mm
d) 24.6 mm
Solution:

Pc

## 1.0472 inches 26.6 mm

Pd
3

63. A vertical steel cylinder water tank is 30 m in diameter and 45 m high. The allowable stress of the steel plate is 1224 kg/cm 2.
Without reinforcing angle bars and rods, what is the thickness of the steel plate?
a) 55.15 mm
b) 51.55 mm
c) 65.15 mm
d) 61.55 mm
Solution: t

Where,

441 297 N / m 2 30 m
pD

0.05515 m 55.15 mm
2s t
2 1224 kg / cm 2 9.8066 N / kg 100 cm / m 2

## st = hoop stress of the tank, Pa

64. What the bursting steam pressure of a hemispherical steel shell with a diameter of 100 inches and made of 0.0635-m thick
steel plate, if the joint efficiency is 70 % and the tensile strength is 60 000 psi?
a) 4 020 psi
b) 4 200 psi
c) 2 400 psi
d) 2 040 psi

Solution:

4 t sl E j
D

Where,

63.5

4
in 60 000 lb / in 2 0.70
25
.
4

4 200 psi
100 in.

## p = bursting pressure, psi

t = shell thickness, inches
Ej = joint efficiency

## sl = shell stress, psi

D = shell diameter, inches

65. A cylinder having an internal diameter if 508 mm and external diameter if 914.4 mm is subjected to an internal pressure of
69 MPa and an external pressure of 14 MPa. Determine the hoop stress at the inner surface of the cylinder.
a) 90.11 MPa
b) 91.10 MPa
c) 911.0 MPa
d) 19.10 Mpa
Solution:

s ti

ro2

ri2

914.4

MPa
mm
2

69

508

mm
2

914.4

mm

914.4

mm
2

214 MPa

508

mm
2

Where,

## sti = maximum tangential or hoop stress at the inside

pi = internal pressure, Mpa
po = external pressure, Mpa

s to

## 2p i ri2 p o ro2 ri2

ro2

ri2

66. The root diameter of a double square thread is 0.55 inch. The screw has a pitch of 0.2 inch. Find the outside diameter and the
a) 0.75 inch and 5 threads/inch
b) 0.50 inch and 5 threads/inch
c) 0.75 inch and 4 threads/inch
d) 0.50 inch and 4 threads/inch
a) 0.75 inch and 5 threads/inch
1
Solution: For the number of threads per inch, p

## Number of threads per inch

Where, p = the pitch

1
1

5
p
0.2

p
D i p 0.55 0.2 0.75 inch
2

## h height or depth of thread

Where,

p
2

67. Two shafts 3.6 m between centers carry pulleys 1.2 m in diameter and 0.91 m in diameter respectively, connected by a
crossed belt. It is desired to put the belt on as an open belt. How long a piece must be cut of it?
a) 303.3 mm
b) 330 mm
c) 333.0 mm
d) 330.3 mm
a) 303.3 mm
Solution: For the length of an open belt connection,

Lo

2
D D 2

2
4C
4 3600
2

Lc

2
D D 2

2
4C
4 3600
2

## Solving for the difference of lengths, L L c L o 10 823.55 10 520.22 303.33 mm

68. A flat belt is 6 inches wide and 1/3 inch thick and transmits 15 Hp. The center distance is 8 ft. The driving pulley is 6 inches
in diameter and rotates at 2 000 rpm such that the loose side of the belt is on top. The driven pulley is 18 inches in diameter.
The belt material is 0.035 lb/in3 and the coefficient of friction is 0.30. Determine the belt net tension.
a) 175.5 lb
b) 157.5 lb
c) 155.7 lb
d) 165.7 lb
Solution: F F1 F2

2T
2 63 000 Hp
2 63 00015

157.5 lb
D
D
n
2 000
6

6
2 000 3141.59 fpm
12

Other Solution: Vm D n

F F1 F2

33 000 Hp 33 00015

157.56 lb
Vm
3141.59

69. Two pulleys, 80 cm apart, carry a belt in an open connection. If the diameters of the pulleys are 40 cm and 15 cm, what is
the length of the belt needed?
a) 248.35 cm
b) 238.45 cm
c) 284.35 cm
d) 254.38 cm
Solution: L o

2
D D 2

D1 D 2 2C 2 1 15 40 2 80 40 15 248.35 cm
2
4C
4 80
2

70. A pulley 600 mm in diameter transmits 40 kW at 500 rpm. The arc of contact between the belt and pulley is 144 o, the
coefficient of friction between belt and pulley is 0.35 and the safe working stress of the belt is 2.1 MPa. Determine the belt
tensions ratio, neglecting the effect of centrifugal force.
a) 2.41
b) 2.14
c) 1.24
d) 4.12

Solution:

F1
e f e 0.35144
F2

180

2.41

71. A roller chain and sprocket is to drive vertical centrifugal discharge bucket elevator. The pitch of chain connecting sprockets
is 1.75. The driving sprocket is rotating at 120 rpm and has 11 teeth while the driven sprocket is rotating at 38 rpm.
Determine the number of teeth of driven sprocket.
a) 33 teeth
b) 35 teeth
c) 30 teeth
d) 34 teeth

Solution:

n1
n2

T2 T1

120
34.74 35 teeth
38

11

72. Determine the Hp lost when a collar is loaded with 2000 lb, rotates at 50 rpm, and has a coefficient of friction of 0.15. The
outside diameter of the collar is 4 inches and the inside diameter is 2 inches.
a) 0.7314 Hp
b) 0.3714 Hp
c) 0.4713 Hp
d) 0.4371 Hp

Solution:

fHp

Where,

Tf n
f W rf n 0.15 2000 lb 1.56 inches 50 rpm

0.3714
63000
63000
63000

rf

3
3
2 ro ri
3 ro2 ri2

3
3

2 2 1 1.56 inches
3 3 2 1 2

73. If a sleeve bearing has an outside diameter of 38.1 mm and a length of 50.8 mm, the wall thickness is 3/16 inch. The bearing
is subjected to a radial load of 500 kg. What is the bearing pressure, in psi?
a) 904 psi
b) 409 psi
c) 490 psi
d) 940 psi

Bearing pressure, p

50.8
38.1

in.
in. 2 3
in 2.25 in 2
16
25.4
25.4

AB L D

## Solution: For bearing or projected area,

500 kg 2.205 lb / kg
W

490 psi
AB
2.25 in 2

74. A 1.75-inch-diameter shaft is supported by two sleeve bearings. The total load on the two bearings is 2800 lb. Find the
friction power loss, in Hp, if the coefficient of friction between shaft and bearing is 0.10 and the shaft rotates 200 rpm.
a) 0.88 Hp
b) 0.78 Hp
c) 0.98 Hp
d) 0.68 Hp

Solution:

Tf n
f Fr n
fHp

63 000 63 000

Where,

1.75
200
2
0.78
63 000

0.10 2 800

## Tf = frictional torque, in-lb

n = rpm

r = bearing diameter, inches

75. A 1200 mm cast iron pulley is fastened to 112.5 mm shaft by means of a 28.13 mm square key 175 mm long. The key and
shaft have a shearing stress of 14 000 psi. Determine the force acting at the pulley that will shear the key.
a) 10 015 lb
b) 11 005 lb
c) 11 050 lb
d) 10 501 lb
Solution:

s bLD
2 s

D
2
2T

Fp

s s bL
Dp
Dp
Dp
25.4 25.4

Where,

s s bLD
2

112 .5

10 014.74 lb
1 200

## Torque based on shear, in lb

76. A 75-mm diameter shaft is transmitting 300 kW at 600 rpm. A flange coupling is used and has 6 bolts, each 18 mm in
diameter. Find the required diameter of the bolts circle based on an average shearing stress of 27.5 MPa.
a) 227.4 mm
b) 477.2 mm
c) 274.7 mm
d) 247.7 mm
Solution:

DB

8T
2

ssd n B

8 30 P
2

d ssn n B

8 30 300

## 0.018 2 27 500 600 6

2

0.2274 m 227.4 mm

ssd 2DBn n B
30 P

8
n

## Where, T = transmitted torque, kN-m

d = bolt diameter, m
n = rpm
P = power transmitted, kW

## DB = Bolts circle diameter, m

ss = bolts shearing stress, kPa
nB = number of bolts

77. A heavy-duty shaft coupling is to be secured with 25-mm bolts at a distance of 150 mm from the shaft center. The shaft
transmits 4 330 kW of power at a speed of 1 200 rpm. If the allowable shearing stress for the bolts is 100 MPa, how many
bolts are required?
a) 3 bolts
b) 6 bolts
c) 5 bolts
d) 4 bolts

Solution:

nB

8T
2

ssd DB

8 30 P
2

d ssn DB

8 30 4 330

## 0.025 2 100 000 1 200 0.3

2

4.7 5 bolts

78. A main transmitting shaft transmits 350 kW to drive a generator at 2500 rpm, what is the required diameter of the shaft?
a) 26.7 mm
b) 62.7 mm
c) 67.2 mm
d) 76.2 mm

80 P
N

## Solution: For main transmitting shaft, D 3

80 350
25.4 62.66 mm
2500 0.746

79. A round steel shaft rotates at 200 rpm and is subjected to a torque of 275 N-m and a bending moment of 415 N-m.
Determine the equivalent twisting moment.
a) 597.84 N-m
b) 456.42 N-m
c) 546.43 N-m
d) 497.85 N-m
Solution: M E

M2 T2

415 2 275 2

497.85 N m

80. A 101.6 mm shaft using a flat key, whose width is 25.4 mm, is transmitting a torque of 63 000 in-lb. If the design shearing
stress is 5000 psi, determine the safe length of key.
a) 6.3 inches
b) 3.6 inches
c) 5.3 inches
d) 4.3 inches
Solution:

2T

ss b D

5 000 lb / in
2

2 63 000 in lb

## 25.4 mm 1 inch 101.6 mm 1 inch

25.4 mm
25.4 mm

81. A line shaft is to transmit 200 Hp at 900 rpm. Find the diameter of the shaft.
a) 2.18 inches
b) 2.28 inches
c) 3.18 inches
Solution: D 3

53.5 P
N

6.3 inches

53.5 200
900

d) 3.28 inches

2.28 inches

Note:

D3N
53.5

## For Small, Short Shaft:

D3N
38

Where,

P = transmitted power, Hp
D = shaft diameter, in inches

D3N
80

N = shaft rpm

82. A thrust washer has an inside diameter of 12.7 mm and an outside diameter of 76.2 mm. For an allowable bearing pressure
of 90 psi, determine the axial load that the washer can sustain.
a) 618.5 lb
b) 537.2 lb
c) 702.2 lb
d) 871.2 lb

76.2

2
2
D o D i 90

Solution: F pA p
4 25.4
4

12.7

25.4

618.5 lb

83. An air cylinder has a bore of 25 mm and is operated with shop air at a pressure of 6.327 kg/cm 2. Find the push force exerted
by the piston rod, in N.
a) 127.57
b) 70.42
c) 402.75
d) 304.57

2

2
2
D 6.327 kg / cm 9.8066 N / kg
2.5 cm 304.57 N
4
4

Solution: F pA p

84. If the angular deformation of a solid shaft should not to exceed 1 o in a length of 1.8 m and the allowable shearing stress is 83
Mpa, what is the diameter of the shaft? Assume that the shaft material has G = 77 x 10 6 kPa.
a) 222.34 mm
b) 234.22 mm
c) 23.42 cm
d) 24.22 cm

D 3 s s
32

16
Solution:
TL 32T L

JG D 4 G
D4G

2 ss L

2 ss L
DG

2 83 000 1.8

77 x 10

180 o

222.34 mm

85. If a solid shaft has a diameter of 4 inches. Determine the polar section modulus.
a) 25.13 in3
b) 12.57 in4
c) 12.57 in3
Solution: Z j

J
2J
3

D
4 3 12.57 in 4
c
D 16
16

d) 25.13 in4

86. The transmitted torque of a hollow shaft is 3400 N-m at a shearing stress of 55 MPa. If the outside diameter is 1.25 times
that of the inside diameter, what is the inside diameter, in mm?
a) 64.87
b) 46.87
c) 84.67
d) 74.64
Solution: s s

16T
3

D 1

D3

where,

16 T

ss 1
Di

Di
1

0.8
D o 1.25
16 3.4

55 000 1 0.8 4

81.092 mm

Do
81.092

64.87 mm
1.25
1.25

87. Two extension coil springs are hooked in series that support a single weight of 100 kg. The first spring is rated at 4 kN/m
and the other spring is rated at 6 kN/m. Determine the total deflection of the springs.
a) 408.6 mm
b) 486.0 mm
c) 480.6 mm
d) 460.8 mm

Solution:

t 1 2

k k2
F
F

F 1
k1 k 2
k 1k 2

4 6
408.6 mm
4 6

100 kg 9.8066 N / kg

88. If the ultimate shear strength of a steel plates is 42 000 psi, what force is necessary to punch a 0.75 inch diameter hole in a
0.625 inch thick plate?
a) 61 850 lb
b) 65 810 lb
c) 61 580 lb
d) 60 185 lb
Solution:

## F s u A s s u d t 42000 lb / in 2 0.75 in 0.625 in 61 850.1 lb

89. A single square thread power screw is to raise a load of 70 kN. The screw has a major diameter of 36 mm and a pitch of 6
mm. The coefficient of thread friction and collar friction are 0.13 and 0.10 respectively. If the collar mean diameter is 90
mm and the screw turns at 60 rpm, find the axial linear speed of the screw.
a) 5 mm/s
b) 6 mm/s
c) 7 mm/s
d) 5.5 mm/s
Solution: For the linear speed of the screw,
Vn = n (L) = (60 rpm)(6 mm/rev) = 360 mm/min = 6 mm/s
90. A double thread ACME screw driven by a motor at 400 rpm raises the attached load of 900 kg at a speed of 10 m/min. The
screw has a pitch diameter of 36 mm; the coefficient of friction on threads is 0.15. The friction torque on the thrust bearing
of the motor is taken as 20 % of the total input. Determine the lead angle.
a) 12.465o
b) 14.265o
c) 15.462o
d) 16.452o

V 10

0.025 m 25 mm
n 400

L
tan 1
D m

25
o
12.465
36

tan 1

91. It is a Grashof four-bar mechanism in which the shortest link is the frame or fixed link and the other two cranks completely
rotate with their axes. How do you call this Grashof four-bar mechanism?
b) Crank-rocker mechanism
c) Double-rocker mechanism
d) Triple-rocker mechanism
92. It is a mechanism that includes an oscillating link or reciprocating slider that moves forward slowly and returns quickly, with
constant speed input. What is this mechanism commonly called?
a) Slider-crank mechanism
b) Crank-rocker mechanism
c) Quick-return mechanism
c) Quick-return mechanism
93. What is the intensity and direction of internal force acting at given point on particular plane?
b) Strain
c) Stress
c) Stress
94. It is the capacity of a material to absorb energy when it is deformed elastically and then, upon unloading, to increase this
energy. What is this capacity of a material?
a) Resilience
b) Toughness
c) Rigidity
d) Ductility
a) Resilience
95. How do you call the strain energy per unit volume required to stress a material from an unloaded state to the point of
yielding?
a) Modulus of roughness
b) Modulus of elasticity
c) Modulus of rigidity
d) Modulus of resilience
d) Modulus of resilience
96. What is the ability of the material to absorb energy up to fracture?
a) Toughness
b) Rigidity
c) Resilience
a) Toughness

d) Stiffness

97. What is the other term for the Maximum-Shear-Stress Theory, as a failure prediction theory?
a) von Mises criterion
b) Tresca yield criterion
c) Coulomb-Mohr theory
d) Modified Mohr theory
b) Tresca yield criterion
98. It is a failure prediction theory, which states that a part subjected to any combination of loads will fail (by yielding or
fracturing) whenever the maximum shear stress exceeds a critical value. How do you call this failure prediction theory?
a) Distortion-energy theory
b) Maximum-shear-stress theory
c) Internal friction theory
d) Modified Mohr theory
b) Maximum-shear-stress theory
99. This is a theory in cyclic and impact loading, which states that damage at any stress level, is proportional to number of
cycles. What is this theory commonly called?
a) Miners Rule
b) Paris Power Lawc) Goodman Rule d) Manson-Coffin Relationship
a) Miners Rule
100. It is journal bearing where the radius of the journal is less than the radius of the bushing or bearing. What is this journal
bearing?
a) Fitted journal bearing
b) Clearance journal bearing
c) Partial journal bearing
d) Full journal bearing
b) Clearance journal bearing
101. This is lubrication where the load-carrying surfaces of the bearing are separated by a relatively thick film of lubricant, so as
to prevent metal-to-metal contact; and where the stability of the film can be explained by the laws of fluid mechanics. How
do you call this type of lubrication?
a) Hydrostatic lubrication
b) Hydrodynamic lubrication
c) Elastohydrodynamic lubrication
d) Boundary lubrication
b) Hydrodynamic lubrication
102. This is a lubrication condition where non-conformal surfaces are completely separated by lubricant film and no asperities
are in contact. How do you call this lubrication condition?
a) Elastohydrodynamic lubrication
b) Boundary lubrication
c) Hydrodynamic lubrication
d) Hydrostatic lubrication
a) Elastohydrodynamic lubrication
103. How do call the speed at which a rotating shaft becomes dynamically unstable?
a) Normal speed
b) Variable speed
c) Critical speed
d) Average speed
c) Critical speed
104. How do you call a ball bearing with race containing pronounced groove for rolling elements?
a) Crown bearing
c) Angular-contact bearing
d) Cylindrical bearing
105. This is a machining process for producing internal straight cylindrical surface or profiles, with process characteristics and
tooling similar to those for turning operations. What is this machining process?
a) Boring
b) Drilling
c) Reaming
d) Milling
a) Boring
106. This is a machining operation for all types of metallic and nonmetallic materials and is capable of producing circular parts
with straight or various profiles. How do you call this machining operation?
a) Boring
b) Turning
c) Drilling
d) Milling
b) Turning
107. What is a set of specification for parts, materials, or processes intended to achieve uniformity, efficiency, and a specified
quality?
a) Code
b) Standard
c) Law
d) Theorem
b) Standard
108. This is a set of specifications for the analysis, design, manufacture, and construction of something; the purpose of which is
to achieve a specified degree of safety, efficiency, and performance or quality. How do you call this set of specifications?
a) Code
b) Standard
c) Law
d) Theorem
a) Code
109. It is an American nonprofit society, founded in 1921, whose objectives are to improve and advance the use of fabricated
structural steel. What is this society?
a) American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI)
b) American Institute of Steel Construction (AISC)
c) American Society for Metals (ASM)
d) American Society of Testing and materials (ASTM)
b) American Institute of Steel Construction (AISC)
110. This is a sketch of a machine, a machine element, or part of a machine element that shows all acting forces, such as applied
loads and gravity forces, and all reactive forces. How do you call this?
a) Schematic diagram
b) Free body diagram
c) Moment diagram
d) Skeletal diagram
b) Free body diagram
111. How do call the size to which limits or deviations is assigned and is the same for both members of the fit; it is the exact
theoretical size?
a) Nominal size
b) Basic size
c) Maximum size d) Minimum size
b) Basic size
112. What is the algebraic difference between a size and the corresponding basic size?
a) Tolerance
b) Allowance
c) Deviation
d) Limit
c) Deviation
113. What is the algebraic difference between the maximum limit and the corresponding basic size?
a) Fundamental deviation
b) Upper deviation
c) Lower deviation
d) Tolerance
b) Upper deviation
114. What is the algebraic difference between the minimum limit and the corresponding basic size?

a) Fundamental deviation
b) Upper deviation c) Lower deviation d) Tolerance
c) Lower deviation
115. This is either the upper or the lower deviation, depending on which is closer to the basic size. How do you call this
deviation?
a) Fundamental deviation
b) Upper deviation c) Lower deviation d) Tolerance
a) Fundamental deviation
116. What is the difference between the maximum and minimum size limits of a part?
a) Allowance
b) Tolerance
c) Deviation
d) Basic size
b) Tolerance
117. What are the stated maximum and minimum dimensions?
a) Tolerances
b) Limits
c) Nominal sizes d) Basic sizes
b) Limits
118. This is a general term that refers to the mating of cylindrical parts such as bolt or a hole; it is used only when the internal
member is smaller that the external member. How do you call this?
a) Clearance
b) Interference
c) Allowance
d) Tolerance
a) Clearance
119. What is the opposite of clearance, for mating cylindrical parts in which the internal member is larger than the external
member?
a) Clearance
b) Allowance
c) Tolerance
d) Interference
d) Interference
120. What is the minimum stated clearance or the maximum stated interference for mating parts?
a) Clearance
b) Allowance
c) Tolerance
d) Interference
b) Allowance
121. How do you call the property of a material that measures the degree of plastic deformation sustained at fracture?
a) Toughness
b) Stiffness
c) Ductility
d) Brittleness
c) Ductility
122. These are compounds of metallic elements, most frequently oxides, nitrides, and carbides.
a) Plastics
b) Polymers
c) Ceramics
d) Alloy
c) Ceramics
123. What do you call a material having different properties in all directions at point in solid?
a) Isotropic material
b) Anisotropic material
c) Orthotropic material
d) Ceramic material
b) Anisotropic material
124. This is a material having different properties in three mutually perpendicular directions at point in solid and having three
mutually perpendicular planes of material symmetry. What is this material?
a) Orthotropic material
b) Isotropic material
c) Anisotropic material
d) Thermoplastic material
a) Orthotropic material
125. What are the combinations of two or more materials, usually consisting of fiber and thermosetting polymer?
a) Brittle materials b) Composite materials
c) Polymers
d) Ceramics
b) Composite materials
126. A theorem stating that when a body is elastically deformed by a system of loads, the deflection at any point p in any
direction a is a equal to the partial derivative of the strain energy (with the system of loads acting) with respect to a load at p
in the direction a. What is this theorem?
a) Poissons Theorem
b) Newtons Theorem
c) Castiglianos Theorem
d) Mohrs Theorem
c) Castiglianos Theorem
127. This is a principle or method that a deflection at any point in bar is equal to sum of deflections caused by each load acting
separately. How do you call this method or principle?
a) Summation Method
b) Method of balancing
c) Method of superposition
d) Shear and Moment diagram method
c) Method of superposition
128. What is a failure prediction theory in which failure is caused by the elastic energy associated with shear deformation?
a) Maximum-shear-stress theory
b) Distortion-energy theory
c) Maximum-normal-stress theory
d) Internal friction theory
b) Distortion-energy theory
129. How do call a wire rope in which the wires and strands are twisted in same direction?
a) Long lay
b) Lang lay
c) Mild plow steel wire rope
d) Copper wire rope
b) Lang lay
130. What is a form of correction that develops on highly localized areas on a metal surface?
a) Crevice
b) Erosion
c) Galvanic
d) Apitting
d) Apitting
131. How do you call the corrosion of iron-base-alloys?
a) Rusting
b) Crazing
c) Chalking
d) Fritting
a) Rusting
132. This is an iron in which most of the carbon is chemically combined with the iron. What is this iron commonly called?
a) Cast iron
b) Gray iron
c) White iron
d) Malleable iron
c) White iron
133. This is a machining operation whereby the tools rotate while the feed is stationary. What do you call this machining
operation?
a) Shaping
b) Milling
c) Turning
d) Reaming
b) Milling
134. Which of the following metals is easy to chisel?
a) Alloy steel
b) Stainless steel c) Manganese steel d) Cast iron
c) Manganese steel
135. Which of the following contains a relatively large amount in ferrous metals?

a) Carbon
b) Manganese
c) Phosphorous
d) Sulfur
a) Carbon
136. Which of the following is not a strength property of metals?
a) Tensile strength
b) Rocking strength
c) Fatigue strength
d) Torsional strength
b) Rocking strength
137. A round steel shaft transmits 0.75 Hp at 1750 rpm. The shaft is subjected to torsion only and the design stress is 7000 psi.
Determine the diameter.
a) 0.37 inch
b) 0.27 inch
c) 0.72 inch
d) 0.57 inch
Solution: D

16 63000 Hp
16 63000 0.75
T
3
3
0.27 inch
ss
n ss
1750 7000

138. What diameter of a steel shaft is required to transmit 2 200 Hp at 2 000 rpm with a maximum fiber stress in the shaft of 15
000 psi? Use the standard commercial size.
a) 2.75 inches
b) 3 inches
c) 2.95 inches
d) 3.125 inches
Solution:

## 63000 Hp 63000 2200

69 300 in lb 5775 ft lb
n
2000

16 T

s
s

1
3

16 69 300

1 5000

1
3

2.87"

## Use, 3 inches, shaft

139. The shaft has a diameter of 1.58 inches and carrying a pulley with a bending load of 800 lb.The shaft is supported by two
bearings which are 5 inches and 15 inches from the pulley respectively. Assuming that the modulus of elasticity is 30 x 10 6
psi. Determine the lowest critical speed of the shaft, neglecting the shaft weight
a) 2038 rpm
b) 3028 rpm
c) 2308 rpm
d) 3208 rpm
a) 2038 rpm

D 4 1

0.0491 in.4
64
64
4

Solution:

## Rectangular moment of inertia, I

576 E I g
Lowest Critical Speed, cr

W L3

N cr

## 576 30 x 106 0.0491 32.2

3
75 20

30 cr 30 213.39

2 037.68 rpm

140. Which of the following is the allowable stress that is generally used in practice for main transmitting shafts?
a) 8 500 psi
b) 4 000 psi
c) 6 000 psi
d) 6 500 psi
b) 4 000 psi
141. What is an equation used to determine the first critical speed of the shaft that overestimates frequency?
a) Soderberg Equation
b) Rayleigh Equation
c) Dunkerly Equation
d) Euler Equation
b) Rayleigh Equation
142. Maximum Principal Stress theory is a theory of failure accredited to:
a) W. J. M. Rankine
b) J. J. Guest
c) S. Carnot
d) J. Coulomb
a) W. J. M. Rankine
143. A single square thread power screw is to raise a load of 70 kN. The screw has a major diameter of 36 mm and a pitch of 6
mm. The coefficient of thread friction and collar friction are 0.13 and 0.10 respectively. If the collar mean diameter is 90
mm and the screw turns at 60 rpm, find the axial linear speed of the screw.
a) 5 mm/s
b) 6 mm/s
c) 7 mm/s
d) 5.5 mm/s
Solution: For the linear speed of the screw,
Vn = n (L) = (60 rpm)(6 mm/rev) = 360 mm/min = 6 mm/s
144. A double thread ACME screw driven by a motor at 400 rpm raises the attached load of 900 kg at a speed of 10 m/min. The
screw has a pitch diameter of 36 mm; the coefficient of friction on threads is 0.15. The friction torque on the thrust bearing
of the motor is taken as 20 % of the total input. Determine the lead angle.
a) 12.465o
b) 14.265o
c) 15.462o
d) 16.452o

V 10

0.025 m 25 mm
n 400

L
25
1
1
o
tan
tan 0.22105 12.465

D
36

tan 1

145. A vise is equipped with a 1-inch single square thread, with 4 threads/inch. The frictional radius of the collar is 0.5 inch. The
coefficient of friction for both the collar and threads is 0.2. How much external torque must be applied to produce a force of
200 lb against the jaws of the vise?
a) 45.9 in-lb
b) 49.5 in-lb
c) 54.9 in-lb
d) 59.4 in-lb
a) 45.9 in-lb
Solution:

## For the minor diameter,

1
1
0.25 inch
Number of Threads per Inch 4
Di = Do p = 1 0.25 = 0.75 inch

## For the mean or pitch diameter of the screw,

Dm

D o Di 1 0.75

0.875 inch
2
2

1 p
L
0.25
1
tan 1 0.09095 5.197o
tan
tan

0.875
D m
D m

tan 1

Tc

20 in lb
2
2

Ts

FD m
2

200 0.875
tan f
1 f tan
2

0.09095 0.2

25.93 in lb
1 0.2 0.9095

## Solving for the total torque, T = Ts + Tc = 25.93 + 20 = 45.93 in-lb

146. This key allows the hub to move along the shaft but prevents the rotation of the shaft. How do you call this key?
a) Woodruff key
b) Feather key
c) Gibs key
d) Square key
b) Feather key
113. These machine parts are used for permanent fits, and are similar to involute splines except for the pressure angles of 14.5 o.
a) Spline keys
b) Spline pins
c) Spline shafts
d) Involute serrations
d) Involute serrations
114. This is a coupling that transmits power by the use of frictional forces induced by pulling the flanges each over slotted
tapered sleeves. What do you call this coupling?
a) Flange coupling
b) Ribbed compression coupling
c) Rigid Coupling
d) Flanged compression coupling
d) Flanged compression coupling
115. This coupling is used for absorbing some shock and vibration that may appear on one shaft and preventing the occurrence of
reversed stresses caused of the shaft deflecting at the coupling. What do you call this type of coupling?
a) Rigid Coupling
b) Flexible Coupling
c) Flange Coupling
d) Universal joint
b) Flexible Coupling
116. Which of the following are the principal parts of journal bearing?
a) Bearing and journal
b) Clearance and fitted
c) Shaft and Babbit
d) Shaft and Cylinder
a) Bearing and journal
117. This bearing is a type of bearing wherein the line of action of the load bisects the arc of partial bearing. How do you call this
bearing?
118. What is the difference of the radii of the bearings and the journal?
a) Even Clearance
b) Clearance ration
c) Fit Clearance
119. This bearing is the one in which the radii of the journal and the bearings are the same. What is the type of this bearing?
a) Fitted Bearing
b) Partial Bearing
c) Full Bearing
d) Clearance Bearing
a) Fitted Bearing
120. What is a line that passes through the centers of the bearing and the journal?
a) Line of Action
b) Line of Centers

c) Under cut
d)) Line of tangent
b) Line of Centers
121. What is this type of roller bearing in which the balls are assembled by the eccentric displacement of the inner ring?
a) Shallow-groove ball bearing
b) Self-aligning ball bearing
c) Filling-slot ball bearing
d) Deep-groove ball bearing
d) Deep-groove ball bearing
122. Which if the following is not a type of ball bearing?
a) Shallow-groove ball bearing
b) Self-aligning ball bearing
c) Filling-lot ball bearing
d) Deep-groove ball bearing
a) Shallow-groove ball bearing
123. Which of the following ranges of belt speed suggests the most economical designs?
a) 4000 to 4500 fpm
b) 2000 to 3000 fpm
c) 3000 to 4000 fpm
d) 4000 to 5000 fpm
a) 4000 to 4500 fpm
124. What do you a wire rope in which the wires and strands are twisted in opposite directions?
a) Long lay
b) Lang lay
c) Regular lay
d) Performed
c) Regular lay
125. What do you call a wire rope in which the wires and strands are twisted in same direction?
a) Long lay
b) Lang lay
c) Performed
d) Non-performed
b) Lang lay
126. What is the product of the length and diameter of a bearing?
a) Projected area
b) Shearing area
c) Compressive area
d) Cross-sectional area
a) Projected area
127. Which gauge is used to check internal threads?
a) Plug gauge
b) Ring gauge
128. When outside diameter of a job is turned in relation to the internal hole, the job should be held:
a) In three-jaw chuck
b) On the lathe mandrel
c) On face plate
d) Between centers
b) On the lathe mandrel
129. Which of the following is the measure of modulus of elasticity?
a) Accuracy
b) Quality
c) Stiffness
d) Rigidity
c) Stiffness
130. How do you call the ratio of moment and stress?
a) Strain
b) Contraction
c) Proportional constant
d) Section Modulus
d) Section Modulus
131. For a symmetrical cross-sectional beam, what is the value of flexural stress when the vertical shear stress is at maximum?
a) Infinity
b) Maximum
c) Zero
d) Minimum
c) Zero
132. In a pressure vessel, how do you call the ratio of minimum strength of joint to the strength of the solid joint?
a) Efficiency
b) Performance Factor
c) Joint Efficiency d) Relative Strength
d) Relative Strength
133. What is the usual factor of safety in a pressure vessel?
a) 2
b) 4
c) 3
d) 5
d) 5
134. In a lathe machine, how do you call the diameter of the largest workpiece that can be rotated in a chuck or between centers
without hitting the bed?
a) Chuck diameter b) Swing c) Distance between centers d) Spindle diameter
b) Swing
135. It is a kind of mandrel made of soft metals or hard wood that is used to prevent the workpiece to be meshed, especially soft
metals for thin cylinders. How do you call this mandrel?
b) Taper mandrel
d) Gang mandrel
136. It is called as any internal stress that exists in a part at uniform temperature and not acted upon by an external load. What is
this type of stress?
a) Residual stress
b) Superposed stress
c) Form stress
d) Control stress
a) Residual stress
137. How do you call a phenomenon when two touching surfaces have a high contact pressure and when these surfaces have
minute relative motion?
a) Pre-stressing
b) Friction
c) Carving
d) Fretting
d) Fretting
138. What is this part of headstock of a lathe machine used to transmit power from the spindle?
a) Motor
b) Back gear
d) Switch
b) Back gear
139. When a hot part is cooled suddenly by quenching, there is momentarily a high temperature gradient that induces a stress
gradient. Some metal parts under certain conditions crack as a result. What is this phenomenon?
a) Thermal-shock failure
b) Thermal fatigue c) Honing
d) Quenching
a) Thermal-shock failure
140. Fatigue strength is increased by repeated loads just below the normal fatigue limit and followed by small step-by-step
a) Mixing
b) Coaxing
c) Axing
d) Relieving
b) Coaxing
141. How do you call an axial distance that a screw advances in one turn or revolution?

b) Circular pitch c) Pitch
d) Axial pitch
142. What is a screw fastener with a nut on it?
a) Bolt
b) Rivet
c) Fastener
d) Square screw
a) Bolt
143. It is a type of bolt distinguished by a short portion of shank underneath the head, being square or finned or ribbed. What is
this bolt?
a) Coupling bolt b) Machine bolt
c) Stud bolt
d) Carriage bolt
d) Carriage bolt
144. How do you call a large wood screw that is used to fasten machinery and equipment to a wooden base?
a) Lag screw
b) Wood screw
c) Log screw
d) Square screw
a) Lag screw
145. How do you call the ratio of mean diameter of coil and the coil diameter of a spring?
a) Wahl number
b) Diameter ratio c) Spring index
c) Spring index
146. It is a low cost spring material, suitable where service is not severe and dimensional precision is not needed. How do you
call this spring material?
a) Hard drawn wire
b) helical spring wire
c) Stainless steel
d) helical tension spring wire
a) Hard drawn wire
147. How do you call a spring material that is hard drawn (80 % reduction) but made up of high-grade steel?
a) Music wire
b) Oil tempered wire
c) Song wire
d) Chromium-silicon wire
a) Music wire
148. It is a spring wire with good quality for impact loads and moderately high temperatures. What is this spring material?
a) Hard drawn spring wire
b) helical spring wire
c) Chromium-silicon
d) Helical tension wire
c) Chromium-silicon
149. It is a type of coil spring where the helical coil is wrapped into a circle forming an annular ring. How do you call this spring?
a) Volute spring
b) Motor spring
c) Hair spring
d) Garter spring
d) Garter spring
150. It is a type of spring where thin flat strip wound up on itself as a plane spiral, usually anchored at the inside end. What do
you call this spring?
a) Volute spring
b) Motor spring
c) Hair spring
d) Garter spring
b) Motor spring
151. What do you call a ratio of the length of the column and the radius of gyration of the cross-sectional area about the
centroidal axis?
a) Power factor
b) Contact ratio
d) Constant ratio d) Slenderness ratio
d) Slenderness ratio
152. A screw that requires a positive torque to lower the load, or to loosen the screw if it has been turned tight against a
resistance. How do you call this screw?
a) Power screw
b) Self screw
c) Lock screw
d) Self-locking screw
d) Self-locking screw
153. What is the other term used for Kennedy key?
a) Tangential key b) Normal key
d) Rollpin key
a) Tangential key
154. Which of the following device used to measure the speed accurately?
a) Dial gage
b) Dial indicator c) Speedometer
d) Tachometer
d) Tachometer
155. When the hole is smaller than the shaft, it will take pressure to put the parts together. The allowance is said to be negative
and is termed as:
a) Interference of metal
b) Negative allowance
c) Negative tolerance
d) Negative fits
a) Interference of metal
156. When two elastic bodies collide, which of the following laws can be used to solve for the resulting velocity?
b) Conservation of momentum and conservation of energy
c) Daltons law of partial pressure
c) Conservation of energy
b) Conservation of momentum and conservation of energy
157. What is the ability of metal to be deformed considerably without rupture?
a) Toughness
b) Stiffness
c) Plasticity
d) Ductility
c) Plasticity
158. It is a science of motion that can be solved in terms of scalar or vector algebra. How do you cal this science?
a) Kinematics
b) Dynamics of machine
c) Engineering mechanics
d) Strength of materials
a) Kinematics
159. A system of forces in space is in equilibrium. If two equal and opposite collinear forces are added, which of the following if
any is true?
a) Forces are in opposite directions
b) Equilibrium is destroyed
c) Equilibrium is maintained
d) An unbalanced of moment exist
c) Equilibrium is maintained
160. It is a metal that assists lubrication or lubricant in itself. What is this metal?
b) Babbit
c) Zinc
d) Antimony
b) Babbit
161. What do you call a mechanism that usually does the indexing in a machine tool?
a) Indexing machine
c) Universal chuck

162. The machine element equalizes the energy exerted and the work done thus preventing excessive or sudden changes of speed.
What is this machine element?
a) Pulley
b) Gear
b) Flywheel
d) Shaft
b) Flywheel
163. How do you call the product of the resultant of all forces acting on a body and the time that the resultant acts?
a) Linear momentum
b) Linear impulse
c) Angular momentum
c) Angular impulse
b) Linear impulse
164. Which of the following is not a structure class of steel?
a) High strength low alloy steel
b) High chrome alloy steel
c) Tool and die steel
d) Low carbon steel
c) Tool and die steel
165. Poison ratio is defined as the ratio of which of the following?
a) Lateral strain and longitudinal strain b) Shear strain and compressive strain
c) Elastic limit and proportional limit
d) Elastic limit and compressive strain
a) Lateral strain and longitudinal strain
166. How do you call a property of material that relates the lateral strain to the longitudinal strain?
a) Stress b) Poisons ratio c) Modulus of resilience
d) Strain
b) Poisons ratio
167. This is a maximum stress to which a material may be subjected before failure occurs. What do you call this maximum
stress?
a) Ultimate stress b) Endurance limit c) Yield stress
c) Ultimate strength
a) Ultimate stress
168. It deals only with the motion of bodies without reference to the forces that cause them. What is this?
a) Dynamics
b) Kinetics
c) Kinematics
d) Static
c) Kinematics
169. It is the circle on gear that corresponds to the contact surface of the friction wheel. How do you call this circle?
a) Pitch circle
d) Dedendum circle
a) Pitch circle
170. It is the circle drawn through the top of the gear tooth; its center is at the gear center. What is this circle?
a) Pitch circle
c) Base circle
d) Dedendum circle
171. Whar is the radial distance from the pitch circle to the addendum circle of a spur gear?
b) Dedendum
c) Clearance
d) Space width
172. This circle is drawn through the bottom of the gear tooth; its center is at the gear center. What do you call this circle?
a) Pitch circle
d) Dedendum circle
d) Dedendum circle
173. The largest circle centered at the gear center, which is not penetrated by the teeth of the mating gear. It is a circle
tangent to the addendum circle of the mating gear. What is this circle?
a) Pitch circle
c) Clearance circle
d) Dedendum circle
c) Clearance circle
174. This radial distance of a gear is measured from the clearance circle to the root circle, and is the difference between the
dedendum of one gear and addendum of the mating gear. What is this radial distance?
b) Dedendum
c) Clearance
d) Space width
c) Clearance
175. This radial distance in a gear is measured between the addendum and dedendum circle, snd is the sum of the addendum
and the dedendum? How do you call this distance?
b) Whole depth
c) Working depth
d) Space width
b) Whole depth
176. This minimum distance is measured between the non-driving side of a tooth and the adjacent side of the mating tooth.
It is the amount by which the width of a tooth space exceeds the thickness of the engaging tooth measured on the pitch
circle. What is this distance?
a) Circular pitch
b) Whole depth
c) Backlash
d) Space width
c) Backlash
177. It is an arc of the pitch circle of a spur gear through which a tooth travels from the first point of contact with the mating
tooth to the point where the contact ceases. What is this arc?
a) Arc of action
b) Arc of approach
c) Tooth profile
d) Involute curve
a) Arc of action
178. It is an arc of the pitch circle of a spur gear through which a tooth travels from the point of contact with the mating
tooth to the pitch point. What is this arc?
a) Arc of action
b) Arc of approach c) Arc of recess
d) Involute curve
b) Arc of approach
179. What is an arc of the pitch circle of a spur gear through which a tooth travels from its contact with the mating tooth at
the pitch point where the contact ceases?
a) Arc of action
b) Arc of approach c) Arc of recess
d) Involute curve
c) Arc of recess
180. What is the angle between the line drawn from the pitch point perpendicular to the line of centers and the line drawn
from the pitch point to the point where a pair of teeth of gears is in contact?

a) Pressure angle
b) Helix angle
d) Angle of approach
a) Pressure angle
181. How do you call the circle from which an involute tooth of a spur gear is generated or developed?
a) Pitch circle
c) Base circle
d) Dedendum circle
c) Base circle
182. What do you call an angle in the base cylinder of an involute spur gear that the tooth makes with the gear axis?
a) Pressure angle
b) Base helix angle
d) Angle of approach
b) Base helix angle
183. What is the pitch on the base circle or along the line of action of an involute spur gear?.
a) Axial base pitch of an involute gear
b) Normal pitch of an involute gear
c) Angle of approach of an involute gear
d) Base pitch of an involute gear
d) Base pitch of an involute gear
184. This is the distance between the parallel axes of spur gears or parallel helical gears, or the distance between the crossed
axes of helical gears and worm gears. It can be defined also as the distance between the centers of pitch circles. What is this
distance?
b) Center distance c) Clearance
d) Space width
b) Center distance
185. This is the width of the tooth measured along the pitch circle. How do you call this tooth width of a gear?
a) Circular thickness
b) Chordal thickness
c) Tooth space
d) Face width
a) Circular thickness
186. The tooth width measured along the chord at the pitch circle is known as:
a) Circular thickness
b) Chordal thickness
c) Tooth space
d) Face width
b) Chordal thickness
187. The space between teeth measured along the pitch circle is called:
a) Circular thickness
b) Chordal thickness
c) Tooth space
d) Face width
c) Tooth space
188. The length of teeth in an axial direction is called as:
a) Circular thickness
b) Chordal thickness
c) Tooth space
d) Face width
d) Face width
189. The surface of the tooth between the pitch cylinder and the addendum cylinder is said to be:
a) Tooth face
b) Chordal thickness
c) Tooth space
d) Face width
a) Tooth face
190. The surface of the tooth between the pitch and root cylinders is said to be:
a) Circular thickness
b) Tooth flank
c) Tooth space
d) Face width
b) Tooth flank
191. The surface of the top of the tooth of a gear is known as:
a) Tooth top land
b) Tooth bottom land
c) Tooth space
d) Face width
b) Tooth bottom land

192.

## The surface of the bottom of the tooth space is said to be:

a) Circular thickness
b) Chordal thickness
c) Tooth space
d) Tooth bottom land
d) Tooth bottom land
193. Circular Pitch is the distance measured along the pitch circle from a point on one tooth to the corresponding point on
the adjacent tooth of the gear.
a) Circular thickness
b) Diametral pitch
c) Circular pitch
d) Tooth bottom land

194.

It is the number of teeth per inch of the pitch diameter. This is also a number or parameter used to determine the sizes
of gears in the English system.
a) Circular thickness
b) Diametral pitch c) Circular pitch d) Module
c) Circular pitch
195. The ratio of the pitch diameter to the number of teeth; it is a number used to determine and specify gear sizes in the
metric system.
a) Circular thickness
b) Diametral pitch c) Circular pitch d) Module
d) Module
196. The shape (profile) of the tooth of a gear must be such that the common normal at the point of contact between two
teeth always passes through a fixed point on the line of centers of the gears. The preceding statement is known as:
a) Grashofs law
b) Coriollis law
c) Kleins law
d) Fundamental law of gearing
d) Fundamental law of gearing
197. A curve described by a point on a circle that rolls internally or externally on another circle is said to be:
a) Arc of action
b) Arc of approach c) Involute curve d) Cycloid curve
d) Cycloid curve
198. the path generated by a tracing point on a cord as the chord is unwrapped from a cylinder called the base cylinder
a) Arc of action
b) Arc of approach c) Involute curve d) Cycloid curve
c) Involute curve

199.

## For two externally meshing gears, which of the following is incorrect?

a) The same direction of rotation
b) The same diametral pitch
c) The same circular pitch
a) The same direction of rotation
200. For two internally mashing gears, which of the following is incorrect?
a) Opposite directions of rotation
b) The same diametral pitch
c) The same circular pitch
a) Opposite directions of rotation
201. A rotating or stationary member, usually of circular cross section much smaller in diameter than its length, used to
transmit motion or power; having mounted on it such power-transmitting elements as gears, pulleys, belts, chains, cam,
flywheels, cranks, sprockets, and rolling-element bearings.
a) Gear
b) Flywheel
c) Shaft
d) Cam
c) Shaft
202. A non-rotating member that carries no torque and is used to support rotating wheels, pulleys, and the like.
a) Spindle
b) Axle
c) Line shaft
d) Counter shaft
b) Axle
203. A 20o straight-tooth bevel pinion having 14 teeth and a diametral pitch of 6 teeth/inch drives a 32-tooth gear. The two
shafts are at right angles and in the same plane. The pinion is to transmit 1800 rpm and transmitting 50 hp. Determine the
pitch diameters of the gears.
a) 2.33 inches and 5.36 inches
b) 3.23 inches and 3.56 inches
c) 5.36 inches and 6.36 inches
d) 2.33 inches and 2.33 inches
Solution: D1

T1 14

2.33 inches
Pd
6

T2
32
2.33 5.36 inches
T
14
1

D 2 D1

204.

A 20o straight-tooth bevel pinion having 14 teeth and a diametral pitch of 6 teeth/inch drives a 32-tooth gear. The two
shafts are at right angles and in the same plane. The pinion is to transmit 1800 rpm and transmitting 50 hp. Determine the
tangential load on the pinion tooth.
a) 1502.75 lb
b) 1205.75 lb
c) 1702.55 lb
d) 1575.02 lb
Solution: D1

T1 14

2.33 inches
Pd
6
2.33
Vm D1 N1
1800 1097.99 fpm
12
Ft

33000Hp 33000 50

1502.75 lb
Vm
1097.99

205.

In a standard bevel gear, the pinion rotates at 150 rpm, its number of teeth is 14 while the the gear has 42 teeth,
determine the pitch angles of the pinion and the gear.
a) 21.43o and 71.57o
b) 18.43o and 71.57o
o
o
c) 18.43 and 75.71
d) 21.43o and 75.71o

T1
1 14
o
tan 18.43
42
T2

1
Solution: tan

## 90o 90o 18.43 71.57 o

206.

A triple threaded worm has a pitch diameter of 3 inches. The wheel has 25 teeth and a pitch diameter of 5 inches.
Material for both the wheel and the wheel is phosphor bronze. Determine the helix angle of the gear.
a) 11.31o
b) 13.11o
c) 11.13o
d) 10.13o
a) 11.31o
Solution: Circular pitch of the worm gear, Pc

Dg
Tg

5
25

0.6283 inch

## Where, Pc = Pa = pitch of the worm

Solving for the lead, L = Nt Pa = 3(0.6283) = 1.8849 inches

L
1 1.8849
o
tan
11.31

D
3

1
Solving for the lead angle of the worm, tan

For the helix angle, and considering that the shafts angle is 90 o,
g = = 11.31o

ans.

207. The geometric shape of bevel gears based on equivalent rolling contact is known as:
a) Pitch cone
b) Cone distance c) Face cone

d) Root cone

a) Pitch cone
208. The intersection of the elements making up the pitch cone is called as:
a) Pitch cone
b) Cone distance c) Apex of pitch cone
d) Root cone
c) Apex of pitch cone
209. A slant height of the pitch cone. It is the length of a pitch cone element.
a) Pitch cone
b) Cone distance c) Apex of pitch cone
d) Root cone
b) Cone distance
210. The cone formed by the elements passing through the top of the teeth and the apex is known as:
a) Pitch cone
b) Cone distance c) Face cone
d) Root cone
c) Face cone
211. The cone formed by the elements passing through the bottom of the teeth and the apex is said to be:
a) Pitch cone
b) Cone distance c) Apex of pitch cone
d) Root cone
d) Root cone
212. The angle between an element of the face cone and the axis of the gear is known as:
a) Face angle
b) Pitch angle
c) Pitch angle
d) Root angle
a) Face angle
213. The angle between an element of the pitch cone and the axis of the gear is called as:
a) Face angle
b) Pitch angle
c) Pitch angle
d) Root angle
b) Pitch angle
214. It is the angle between an element of the root cone and the axis of the gear.
a) Face angle
b) Pitch angle
c) Pitch angle
d) Root angle
d) Root angle
215. It is the width of a tooth of a bevel gear. How do you call this?
a) Face width
c) Apex
d) Dedendum
a) Face width
216. It is the distance from an element on the pitch cone to an element on the face cone, measured on the outside of the tooth.
What is this distance?
a) Face width
c) Apex
d) Dedendum
217. It is the distance from an element on the pitch cone to an element on the root cone, measured on the outside of the gear. How
do you call this distance?
a) Face width
c) Apex
d) Dedendum
d) Dedendum
218. It the angle between an element on the pitch cone and an element on the face cone.
a) Addendum angle b) Dedendum angle c) Pitch angle
d) Root angle
219. The angle between an element on the pitch cone and an element on the root cone is known as:
a) Addendum angle b) Dedendum angle c) Pitch angle
d) Root angle
b) Dedendum angle
220. The pitch diameter measured on the inside of the tooth is said to be:
a) Inside pitch diameter
b) Outside pitch diameter
c) Back cone diameter
d) Root cone diameter
a) Inside pitch diameter
221. It is the pitch diameter measured on the outside of the tooth.
a) Inside pitch diameter
b) Outside pitch diameter
c) Back cone diameter
d) Root cone diameter
b) Outside pitch diameter
222. Fatigue strength is increased by repeated loads just below the normal fatigue limit, followed by small step by step increases
a) Mixing
b) Coaxing
c) Axing
d) Relieving
b) Coaxing
223. It is the diameter of the imaginary cylinder that bounds the crest of an external thread and the roots of an internal thread.
a) Mean diameter b) Stress diameter c) Minor diameter d) Major diameter
d) Major diameter
224. It is a type of bolt distinguished by a short portion of shank underneath the head being square or finned or ribbed.
a) Coupling bolt b) Machine bolt
c) Stud bolt
d) Carriage bolt
d) Carriage bolt
225. A type of bolt threaded on both ends and can be used where a through bolt is impossible.
a) Coupling bolt b) Machine bolt
c) Stud bolt
d) Carriage bolt
c) Stud bolt
226. If the band wraps partly around the brake wheel or drum, and braking action is obtained by pulling the band tight onto the
wheel.
a) Block brake
b) Band brake
c) Clutch
d) Centrifugal brake
b) Band brake
227. A clutch has a disadvantage of heavier rotating masses.
a) Multiple disc clutch
b) Disc clutch
c) Cone clutch
d) None of these
a) Multiple disc clutch