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SI UNITS

The 1998 Edition of the Boiler and Pressure Vessel
Code is based on U.S. Customary (ft-lb) units of
measurement which are to be regarded as the standard.
This supplement is provided as a convenience to the
Code user and contains SI conversion factors for units
contained in the Code.

159

For temperature interval.LIST OF SI UNITS FOR USE WITH ASME BOILER AND PRESSURE VESSEL CODE1 Quantity Space and Time plane angle length area volume time Periodic and Related Phenomena frequency rotational frequency Mechanics mass density moment of inertia force moment of force (torque) pressure and stress energy. day (d). mL) minute (min). 1 K p 1°C exactly. hour (h). ‘‘ASME Orientation and Guide for Use of SI (Metric) Units. (2) Preferred use for temperature and temperature interval is degrees Celsius (°C). and year revolutions per second (r/s) revolutions per minute (r/m) (pascal p newton per square meter) kilowatt-hour (kW · h) Pa · √m kelvin K degree Celsius (°C) degree Celsius °C kelvin (K) meter per meter-kelvin joule watt watt per meter-kelvin square meter per second joule per kilogram-kelvin K−1 J W W/(m · K) m2 /s J/(kg · K) °C−1 ampere volt ampere per meter2 ampere per meter A V A/m2 A/m W/(m · °C) J/(kg · °C) NOTES: (1) Conversion factors between SI units and U. week. except for thermodynamic and cryogenic work where kelvins may be more suitable. 160 .’’ and ASTM E 380. customary are given in SI-1.S. work power impact strength section modulus moment of section (second moment of area) fracture toughness Heat temperature — thermodynamic [Note (2)] temperature — other than thermodynamic linear expansion coefficient quantity of heat heat flow rate thermal conductivity thermal diffusivity specific heat capacity Electricity and Magnetism electric current electric potential current density magnetic field strength Unit Other Units or Limitations Symbol radian meter square meter cubic meter rad m m2 m3 second s hertz revolutions per second Hz s−1 kilogram kilogram per cubic meter kilogram · meter2 newton newton-meter pascal joule watt joule meter3 meter4 kg kg/m3 kg · m2 N N·m Pa J W J m3 m4 degree (decimalized) liter (L) for liquid only (use without prefix other than in milliliter.

785 4.523 907 × 10−2 or 0.055 056 1.144* E−02 E−01 E−01 area in2 ft2 yd2 m2 m2 m2 6. For example: 3.COMMONLY USED CONVERSION FACTORS (For Others See ASTM E 380)1 Quantity To Convert From Multiply by [Note (2)] To plane angle degree rad 1.523 907 E−02 is 3.129 848 1.0* 65* 026 757 757 E+00 E+01 E+03 E+06 E+05 energy.555 555 E+00 E−01 NOTES: (1) Care should be taken when converting formulas or equations that contain constant terms or factors.546 1.8 tC p (tF − 32)/1.535 924 1. work Btu (IT) [Note (3)] ft · lbf J J 1. (3) International Table 161 .048* 9.355 818 E+00 E−01 E+00 pressure.806 65* 4. torque kgf · m lbf · in lbf · ft N·m N·m N·m 9.456 999 E+02 fracture toughness ksi √in Pa · √m 1.0* 706 685 412 09 E−05 E−02 E−03 E−03 E−03 mass lbm ton (metric) (mass) ton (short 2000 lbm) kg kg kg 4.8 temperature interval °C °F K K or °C 1.035 239 07.15 tK p (tF + 459. The number is followed by the letter E (for exponent).071 847 E−01 E+03 E+02 force kgf lbf N N 9.098 843 E+06 temperature °C °F °F K K °C tK p tC + 273.894 6. a plus or minus symbol.894 1.67)/1. (2)(a) Relationships that are exact in terms of the base units are followed by a single asterisk. (b) The factors are written as a number greater than 1 and less than 10 with 6 or less decimal places.745 329 E−02 length in ft yd m m m 2. The value of these terms must be understood and may also require conversion.290 304* 8. stress kgf/m2 lbf/ft2 lbf/in2 (psi) kips/in2 bar Pa Pa Pa Pa Pa 9.451 6* 9.54* 3.806 4.448 222 E+00 E+00 bending.831 3.806 65* 1.0* 5. and two digits which indicate the power of 10 by which the number must be multiplied to obtain the correct value.638 2.361 274 E−04 E−02 E−01 volume in3 ft3 US gallon Imperial gallon liter m3 m3 m3 m3 m3 1.355 818 E+03 E+00 power hp (550 ft · lbf/s) W 7.000 00* 9.788 6.