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You are on page 1of 3

ENGINEERING MANAGEMENT

Test I. IDENTIFICATION. Choose the correct answer from the list below. Write your answer

(letters only) on the space provided on the right.

1

The process of identifying a difference between the actual and the desired

state of affairs and then taking action to resolve the difference.

determining the criteria, evaluating the alternatives, and choosing an

alternative.

A problem in which the objective is to find the best solution with respect

to just one criterion.

A problem that involves more than one criterion; the objective is to find

the best solution, taking into account all the criteria.

10

11

decision maker.

12

13

14

A model in which all uncontrollable inputs are known and cannot vary.

15

to variation.

16

output for the model.

17

constraints.

18

19

The portion of the total cost that does not depend on the volume; this cost

remains the same no matter how much is produced.

20

The portion of the total cost that is dependent on and varies with the

volume.

A.

B.

C.

D.

E.

F.

G.

Constraints

Decision

Decision making

Iconic model

Mathematical model

Model

Multicriteria decision

problem

H. Objective function

I. Problem solving

J. Single-criterion decision

problem

K.

L.

M.

N.

O.

P.

Q.

Fixed cost

Stochastic (probabilistic) model

Controllable inputs

Infeasible solution

Feasible solution

Optimal solution

Deterministic model

R.

S.

T.

Variable cost

Uncontrollable inputs

Decision variable

1. <20 points> Reiser Sports Products wants to determine the number of All-Pro (A) and

College (C) footballs to produce in order to maximize profit over the next four-week

planning horizon.

Constraints affecting the production quantities are the production capacities in three

departments: cutting and dyeing; sewing; and inspection and packaging.

For the four-week planning period, 340 hours of cutting and dyeing time, 420 hours of

sewing time, and 200 hours of inspection and packaging time are available.

All-Pro footballs provide a profit of $5 per unit and College footballs provide a profit of

$4 per unit. The linear programming model with production times expressed in

minutes is as follows:

Maximize: 5A + 4C

s.t.

Constraint 1:

Dyeing

Constraint 2:

Constraint 3:

Packaging

Constraint 4:

12A + 6C 20400

9A + 15C 25200

6A + 6C 12000

Cutting &

Sewing

Inspection &

A, C 0

b) Determine the coordinates of each extreme point and the corresponding profit. Which

extreme point generates the highest profit?

c) Draw the profit line corresponding to a profit of $4000. Move the profit line as far from

the origin as you can in order to determine which extreme point will provide the

optimal solution. Compare your answer with the approach you used in part (b).

d) Which constraints are binding? Explain.

e) Suppose that the values of the objective function coefficients are $4 for each All-Pro

model produced and $5 for each College model. Use the graphical solution procedure

to determine the new optimal solution and the corresponding value of profit.

2. <10 points> For the linear program

Max

4 A +1 B

s.t.:

10 A +2 B 30

3 A +2 B 12

2 A+ 2 B 10

A ,B0

a

b

c

Solve the problem using the graphical solution procedure.

What are the values of the three slack variables at the optimal solution?

ANSWER

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

actual and the desired state of affairs and then taking

action to resolve the difference.

The process of defining the problem, identifying the

alternatives, determining the criteria, evaluating the

alternatives, and choosing an alternative.

A problem in which the objective is to find the best

solution with respect to just one criterion.

A problem that involves more than one criterion; the

objective is to find the best solution, taking into

account all the criteria.

The alternative selected.

A representation of a real object or situation.

A physical replica, or representation, of a real object.

Mathematical symbols and expressions used to

represent a real situation.

Restrictions or limitations imposed on a problem.

A mathematical expression that describes the

problems objective.

The environmental factors or inputs that cannot be

controlled by the decision maker.

The inputs that are controlled or determined by the

decision maker.

Another term for controllable input.

A model in which all uncontrollable inputs are known

and cannot vary.

A model in which at least one uncontrollable input is

uncertain and subject to variation; stochastic models

are also referred to as probabilistic models

The specific decision-variable value or values that

provide the best output for the model.

A decision alternative or solution that does not satisfy

one or more constraints.

A decision alternative or solution that satisfies all

constraints.

The portion of the total cost that does not depend on

the volume; this cost remains the same no matter how

much is produced.

The portion of the total cost that is dependent on and

varies with the volume.

Problem solving

Decision making

Single-criterion decision

problem

Multicriteria decision

problem

Decision

Model

Iconic model

Mathematical model

Constraints

Objective function

Uncontrollable inputs

Controllable inputs

Decision variable

Deterministic model

Stochastic (probabilistic)

model

Optimal solution

Infeasible solution

Feasible solution

Fixed cost

Variable cost

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