You are on page 1of 214

Design Consultant :

Client :

EPC Contractor :

Project:

Project No.:

Title:
Design of super structure
RCC T-Girder c/c span 22 m width 12.9m

Document No:

Notes:

Revision Details:

Rev.

Date

Details

PKR
Init.
Prepared

Sign.

PVM
Init.
Checked

Sign.

Revision:R0

VPS
Init.
Approved

Sign.

CONTENTS

Chapter No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12

Description
INTRODUCTION
DESIGN DATA
IDEALISATION OF STRUCTURE
3D MODEL IN STAAD
GIRDER PROPERTIES
LOADS CONSIDERED
ANALYSIS RESULTS
DESIGN OF GIRDERS FOR FLEXURE
DESIGN OF GIRDERS FOR SHEAR FORCE
DESIGN OF CROSS GIRDERS
TEMPERATURE STRESSES
LIMIT STATE OF SERVICIBILTY

APPENDICES
APPENDIX A
APPENDIX B

STAAD INPUT FILE


LIVE LOAD CASES

Page No.

A-1
B-1

It is proposed to construct a bridge of 22.0 m (c/c of expansion joints)

The proposed deck width of the bridge is 12.9m with carriageway of 10.5m and crash barrier with safety k
sides.

The bridge is meant for three lane traffic with two sided camber.

The superstructure shall consist of simply supported cast-in-situ (CIP) RCC T - girder with RCC deck slab, s
Elastomeric bearings under each girder .

The design note presents the design of span of 22.0m c/c of expansion joints (having 21.0 m c/c of bearing)
girders have been kept similar in geometry as well as in reinforcement detail. Overall depth of superstructure

Code of reference

IRC: 5-1997
IRC: 6-2014
IRC:
112-2011

CHAPTER - 1
Introduction

m and crash barrier with safety kerb on both

C T - girder with RCC deck slab, supported on

nts (having 21.0 m c/c of bearing). All the four


il. Overall depth of superstructure is 1.9 m.

CHA

Des
2.1 Material
Grade of concrete

superstructure
crash barrier
approach slab
kerb

M - 35
M - 40
M - 35
M - 35

Fe 500
Fe 500

Grade of flexure reinforcement


Grade of shear reinforcement
2.2 Structural Data
Type of superstructure
Type of expansion joint
Type of bearing

2.3 Dimensional Data


span c/c of expansion joints
span c/c of bearings
depth of superstructure at formation level
depth of longitudinal girder
thickness of wearing coat
c/c of bearing and expansion joint
total width of superstructure
width of carriageway
Dimension of footpath on RHS
Dimension of footpath on LHS
Dimension of crash barrier on RHS
Dimension of crash barrier on LHS
Dimension of railing on RHS
Dimension of railing on LHS
Dimension of safety kerb on LHS
Dimension of safety kerb on RHS
C/C distance between girders
Cantilever projection of slab from c/c of outer girder
Total no. of longitudnal girders
Total no. of cross girders

R.C.C.
R.C.C.
R.C.C.
R.C.C.

RCC T-beam and slab


Single stripseal type
Elastomeric bearings

(B
(B
(B
(B
(B
(B
(B
(B

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

H)
H)
H)
H)
H)
H)
H)
H)

22.00
21.00
1.90
1.675
0.065
0.500
12.90
10.50
0.000
0.000
0.450
0.450
0.000
0.000
0.750
0.750
3.000
1.950
4
2

x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x

2.4 Live load Data

For 3 lane carriageway structure, as per IRC 6-2014 following load combinations shall b
and the governing combination shall be adopted for design while all other combinations sha

i.ClassA+ ClassA+ ClassA

iii.Class 70 R(Tracked)+ ClassA

ii.Class 70 R(Wheeled)+ ClassA

2.5 Material property Data


unit weight of concrete
unit weight of wearing coat
2.6 Calculation units
m, kN-m, MPa unless otherwise specified.

iv.Class 70 R(Bogie)+ ClassA

25.000
22.000

kN/m3
kN/m3

CHAPTER - 2
Design Data

R.C.C.
R.C.C.
R.C.C.
R.C.C.

and slab
l type
earings

0.0
0
0.3
0.3

ns shall be considered
ions shall be verified:

N/m3
N/m3

Idealisation of Struc
The structure has been idealised in following way for different types of analysis:

For the longitudinal analysis (dead load, superimposed dead load and live load),grillage method
has been adopted . Section properties of longitudinal girders have been calculated and same app
STAAD.The longitudinal girders have been assigned the stiffness as calculated by considering eff
flange width of the T girder taking into account the portion of slab contributing to effective flange wi
the T girder. The crossbeams have been similarly provided the stiffness based on the section prop
calculated while all other elements have been provided minimum stiffness.The stiffness of superim
dead load has also been ignored. For live load analysis of girder, maximum number of combin
have been identified to do an analysis in STAAD (as given in STAAD input file, Annexures). Live
analysis for deck slab has also been done in the same way with the concept of effective width calcu
as given in IRC: 112-2011

Fig 3.1 Grillage Modelling

CHAPTER - 3
Idealisation of Structure

of analysis:

and live load),grillage methodology


been calculated and same applied in
s calculated by considering effective
ontributing to effective flange width of
ness based on the section properties
ffness.The stiffness of superimposed
maximum number of combinations
AAD input file, Annexures). Live load
concept of effective width calculation

3D model in ST
The mathematical model of the structure in STAAD has been shown below:

Fig 4.1 Grillage Model (Main Girder & Crossgirder View)


4.1 Detail of Longitudnal Girders
S No.
1
2
3
4

Girder No
G1
G2
G3
G4

Beam No
37 to 54
73 to 90
109 to 126
145 to 162

4.2 Detail of Cross Girders


S No.
1
2

CrossGirder No
C1
C2

Beam No
238,257,276,295,314,333
254,273,292,311,330,349

elow:

CHAPTER - 4
3D model in STAAD

y axis
x axis

z axis
Axis indicating respective directions for calculation of section properties.
These are assumed to pass through the CG of the section.
5.1 Outer girder .
5.1.1 Outer girder with cantilever on one side near support.
1.95

1.5
0.225

0.3

0.075
1.65

0.15

0.15

0.075

1.9
1.525

0.6

5.1.2 Outer girder with cantilever on one side (tapered part).


1.95

1.5

0.3

0.225
0.075

0.15

0.075

0.225

1.65
2

1.125
0.075
0.15
0.25
0.45

0.6

5.1.3 Outer girder with cantilever on one side (middle section).


1.95

1.5

0.3

0.225
0.075

0.15

0.075

0.3

1.8
1.9

1.125
0.15

0.15
0.25
0.3
0.6

5.2 Inner girder


5.2.1 Inner girder near support.
1.5

1.5

0.225
0.15
0.15
1.9
1.525

0.6

5.2.2 Inner girder tapered part.


1.5

1.5
0.225

0.225

1.9

1.125

0.075

0.15

0.25
0.45
0.6

5.2.3 Inner girder middle part.

1.5

1.5
0.225
0.3

1.9

0.15

1.125

0.15
0.15
0.25
0.3
0.6

CHAPTER - 5
Girder Properties

A
Iz
Iy
Ix

1.85
0.64
0.868
0.1233

A
Iz

1.658
0.5987

Iy

0.846

Ix

0.23

A
Iz

1.47
0.5478

Iy

0.837

Ix

0.16

A
Iz

1.7
0.6666

Iy

0.5392

Ix

0.1308

A
Iz

1.51

Iy

0.52

Ix

0.04

0.56

A
Iz

1.32

Iy

0.51

Ix

0.02

0.53

Loads Con
6.1 Dead Load
S.No

Description

b
(m)

h
(m)

Area
(m2)

Density
(kN/m3)

Load
(kN/m)
AS UDL

SIDL(w/o surfacing)
Railing

Kerb
Crash Barrier
Footpath
2

25.00
25.00
25.00
25.00

0.00
5.63
9.00
0.00

22.00

0.065

Outer Girder with deck slab


End Section
Tapered Section
Mid Section

0.00
0.00
0.30
0.23
0.80
0.36
0.00
0.00

SIDL(only surfacing)
Wearing Coat

0.00
0.75
0.45
0.00

1.9
1.7
1.5

25.0
25.0
25.0

46.3
41.5
36.7

1.7
1.5
1.3

25.0
25.0
25.0

42.5
37.8
33.0

Inner Girder with deck slab


End Section
Tapered Section
Mid Section

6.2 Live Load

For three lane carriageway structure, as per IRC 6-2014 (Table 2) following load combinations
considered and the governing combination shall be adopted for design ,while all other combination
verified:
ClassA+ ClassA+ ClassA
Class 70 R(wheeled)+ ClassA
Class 70 R(tracked)+ ClassA
Class 70 R(bogie)+ ClassA

Various cases for live load combinations depending upon the transverse position of the loads on the ca
are checked. The case producing maximum force resultants for a particular girder is the governing ca
girder.It is not necesarry that only one case will be governing for all the girders.Different case
governing for different girders .Also the case producing maximum bending moment for a particular gird
be the governing case for shear for that girder.Thus a detailed analysis shall be done and cr
resultants shall be tabulated.

6.3 Footpath Live Load

IRC:6-2014 Cl.206.3

(i) For effective span of 7.5 m or less, footway live load P = 500 kg/m2 or 400 kg/m2
as the case may be.
(ii) For effective span of over 7.5 m but not exceeding 30 m, the intensity of load

where
P' =
L=

500 or 400 kg/m2


Effective span of main
girder (m)
W = Width of Footway

S.No.
1

Description
Footpath LL (RHS)

Effective
Span(m)
21.00

P'
(kg/m2)
500

6.4 Load application in staad.

Fig 6.1

Load due to self weight of girders

Footway Width
(m)
0.75

Intensity
(kg/m2)
440.00

Fig 6.2

Load due to SIDL(w/o wearing coat)

Fig 6.3

Load due to wearing coat only

CHAPTER - 6
Loads Considered

Load
(kN/m2)

Load Type

AS
FLOOR

UDL
8 UDL
UDL
0 UDL

1.43

FLOOR

UDL
UDL
UDL

UDL
UDL
UDL

ad combinations shall be
ther combinations shall be

e loads on the carriageway


he governing case for that
ers.Different cases may be
a particular girder may not
e done and critical force

Intensity
(kg/m2)
440.00

Intensity
(kN/m2)
4.4000

Analysis results have been tabulated only for girders G1 and G2 due to symmetrical loadin
arrangement about the centre line of the cross section.
7.1 Results due to Self Weight
Self weight
Dist fr
exp
0.0
0.5
1.0
2.0
3.5
5.0
6.5
8.0
9.5
11.0

SF +ve
0.0
393.0
369.9
328.6
273.7
219.0
181.2
164.2
109.5
0.2

G1/G4
BM +ve
SF -ve
0.6
-0.6
11.6
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

BM-ve
0.0
0.0
-179.1
-528.3
-979.9
-1349.3
-1548.0
-1636.4
-1841.5
-2005.5

SF +ve
0.6
357.4
336.2
298.4
248.8
199.1
149.3
99.5
49.7
0.0

G2/G3
BM +ve
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

7.2 Results due to SIDL (without wearing coat)


SIDL (without wearing coat)
Dist fr
exp
0.0
0.5
1.0
2.0
3.5
5.0
6.5
8.0
9.5
11.0

SF +ve
0.0
137.6
130.4
116.3
96.1
74.3
52.7
31.5
10.5
0.0

G1/G4
BM +ve
SF -ve
0.0
-21.2
33.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
-10.5

BM-ve
-7.4
0.0
-36.4
-168.0
-343.0
-487.3
-598.8
-677.9
-725.2
-740.9

SF +ve
5.6
4.0
3.9
3.8
3.4
2.9
2.2
1.4
0.5
0.0

G2/G3
BM +ve
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

7.3 Results due to SIDL (only wearing coat)


SIDL (only wearing coat)
Dist fr
exp
0.0
0.5
1.0
2.0
3.5
5.0
6.5
8.0
9.5
11.0

G1/G4
BM +ve
SF -ve
0.0
-1.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

SF +ve
0.0
38.1
36.2
32.2
26.5
20.8
15.1
9.4
3.6
0.0

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

0.0
0.0
0.0
-2.1

BM-ve
-0.5
-1.7
-20.8
-56.7
-103.8
-142.4

SF +ve
0.0
42.2
40.4
35.9
29.4
23.0

-172.4
-193.9
-206.7
-211.0

16.7
10.3
4.0
0.0

G2/G3
BM +ve
0.2
1.3
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

7.4 Results due to Vehicular LL(after impact and longitudnal reduction)


Impact For Class A
Impact For Class 70R(W)

1.16
1.16

Long. reduction Factor :-

Impact For Class 70R(T)

For three lane carriageway , 10% reduction


LIVE LOAD(Vehicle)

Dist fr
exp
0.0
0.5
1.0
2.0
3.5
5.0
6.5
8.0
9.5
11.0

SF +ve
3.0
345.5
329.1
317.4
279.5
244.5
206.6
167.2
129.7
91.6

G1/G4
BM +ve
SF -ve
2.7
-81.7
46.0
-0.4
45.0
-0.4
43.0
-3.0
39.9
-15.6
36.7
-30.1
33.6
-47.8
30.4
-73.0
27.0
-102.5
23.8
-137.1

BM-ve
-3.5
-36.7
-200.2
-519.4
-933.4
-1285.6
-1560.7
-1772.2
-1903.3
-1954.1

SF +ve
1.4
453.3
434.1
412.5
363.1
313.7
264.9
216.9
170.6
123.7

7.5 Factors for Limit State Design

Type of load

Dead load
SIDL-except surfacing
SIDL-surfacing
Live load-leading

Factors for limit state design


ULS
SLS
Rare
Quasi-perm Freq
1.35
1.35
1.75
1.5

1
1
1
1

1
1
1
0

1
1
1
0.75

G2/G3
BM +ve
16.0
170.9
49.0
42.9
39.0
35.4
31.7
28.3
25.1
21.9

Live load accompanying

Node no.
SW
SIDL
Wearing

1.15

0.75

Cross Girder Reactions


40
78
116
417.90
377.50
377.50
259.40
-98.40
-98.40
41.00
47.50
47.50

154
417.90
259.40
41.00

0.2

7.6 Design forces for ULS


DESIGN FORCES
Dist fr
exp
0.0
0.5
1.0
2.0
3.5
5.0
6.5
8.0
9.5
11.0

G1/G4
SF +ve
4.5
1301.2
1232.4
1133.0
964.8
799.1
652.1
531.5
362.8
137.6

BM +ve
4.9
129.9
67.5
64.5
59.8
55.1
50.4
45.6
40.6
35.7

G2/G3
SF -ve
-153.8
-0.6
-0.6
-4.5
-23.3
-45.1
-71.7
-109.5
-153.8
-223.5

BM-ve
-16.2
-58.1
-627.7
-1818.3
-3367.7
-4657.0
-5540.9
-6121.9
-6681.7
-7008.0

SF +ve
10.4
1241.7
1181.0
1089.5
936.6
783.5
631.0
479.7
330.7
185.6

BM +ve
24.3
258.6
73.4
64.4
58.6
53.1
47.6
42.4
37.6
32.9

From the above table ,it can be seen that G1/G4 is more critical than G2/G3 in flexure as well as in

7.7 Design forces for SLS (rare combination)

Dist fr
exp
0.0
0.5
1.0
2.0
3.5
5.0
6.5
8.0
9.5
11.0

SF +ve
3.0
914.2
865.6
794.5
675.8
558.6
455.6
372.3
253.3
91.8

DESIGN FORCES FOR SLS(Rare)


G1/G4
G2/G3
BM +ve
SF -ve
BM-ve
SF +ve
BM +ve
3.3
-104.5
-11.4
7.6
16.2
91.1
-0.4
-38.4
856.9
172.2
45.0
-0.4
-436.5
814.6
49.0
43.0
-3.0
-1272.4
750.6
42.9
39.9
-15.6
-2360.1
644.7
39.0
36.7
-30.1
-3264.6
538.7
35.4
33.6
-47.8
-3879.9
433.1
31.7
30.4
-73.0
-4280.4
328.1
28.3
27.0
-102.5
-4676.7
224.8
25.1
23.8
-149.7
-4911.5
123.7
21.9

CHAPTER - 7
Analysis Results

to symmetrical loading and girder

G2/G3
SF -ve
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
-0.2

BM-ve
-0.7
-0.7
-174.2
-491.6
-902.1
-1238.2
-1499.7
-1686.6
-1798.7
-1836.1

G2/G3
SF -ve
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
-0.5

BM-ve
-4.6
-38.3
-40.4
-44.4
-50.1
-55.3
-59.8
-63.2
-65.3
-66.0

G2/G3
SF -ve
-0.9

BM-ve
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

0.0
0.0
-19.9
-60.0
-112.6
-155.6

0.0
0.0
0.0
-2.4

-188.9
-212.7
-227.0
-231.7

1.1

ass 70R(T)

G2/G3
SF -ve
-165.8
-0.3
-0.3
-4.6
-22.2
-39.3
-64.5
-94.6
-128.6
-171.7

BM-ve
-1.9
-26.9
-168.8
-577.0
-1115.6
-1551.4
-1906.8
-2147.3
-2304.7
-2342.0

G2/G3
SF -ve
-250.3
-0.5
-0.5
-6.9
-33.4
-58.9
-96.8
-141.9
-192.9
-262.8

BM-ve
-10.0
-93.1
-577.8
-1694.1
-3155.9
-4345.6
-5296.0
-5955.4
-6370.8
-6486.3

n flexure as well as in shear.

e)
G2/G3
SF -ve
-166.7
-0.3
-0.3
-4.6
-22.2
-39.3
-64.5
-94.6
-128.6
-174.8

BM-ve
-7.2
-65.9
-403.3
-1173.0
-2180.4
-3000.5
-3655.2
-4109.8
-4395.7
-4475.8

Design of Girders for


8.1 General design data
Material Property:
fck

Grade of concrete
Partial safety factor for concrete

Basic & Siesmic

Partial safety factor for steel

Basic & Siesmic

cbc
s

Grade of flexure reinforcement

fy.flex

Grade of shear reinforcement

fy.shear

Design tensile strength of flexure reinforcement

fyd

Design yield strength of shear reinforcement

fywd

Design compressive strength of concrete

fcd

Modulus of elasticity of concrete


Modulus of elasticity of reinforcement
Density of concrete
Density of wearing coat

Ec

Ultimate compressive strain in flexure

cu2

Tensile strength of concrete

fctm

Design constants:
modular ratio ( E/Ecm)

m
x/d
Q

neutral axis depth factor


moment of resistance factor
Mr = Q bf d2

moment of resistance
where

bf
d
Ast

clear cover to reinforcement


minimum area of reinforcement in beam
dia of stirrup
effective span of girder
c/c spacing between girders
web width of girder at support
bottom width of girder
effective flange width of T-girder
effective width of cross girder

flange width
effective depth
Area of tension reinforcement

co
Ast.min.beam
stir.dia
L
s
width.g.1
width.g.2
beff

dia of spacer bar

dsb

0.500

Cross-girder effective width

lo
b1
b2
beff1

0.300

3
0.500
10.3
0.4

beff2

0.6

beff

1.6

0.400

8.2 Design of Girder G1/G4 (As per ULS)


a) For Sagging Moment

Layer No
From
Bottom
1
2
3
4
5
6

Dia
32
32
32
32
32
32

Section Considered

L/8
2.625
No.
5
5
3
0
0
0

CG
73
###
###
0
0
0

Section Considered
L/4
5.25
Dia
No.
CG
32
5
73
32
5
###
32
4
###
32
0
0
32
0
0
32
0
0

L/8
2.6

L/4
5.3

L/2
10.5

10455
127
300
1773
120

11259
132
300
1768
130

12868
149
300
1751
148

225

225

225

Design Moment

-2500

-5000

-7008

Deff Req

422.1

597.0

706.8

Ast ,req

3272
816

Ast ,mm2
CG (bot)
Web thk
Eff Depth
NA Depth
Dslab

NA max

6624.3
813.08

9448
805.46

Dia
32
32
32
32
32
32

Since depth of slab is more than dep


axis,hence neutral axis lies inside the flang

Mres1

-44092

-43830

-43012

Mres2

-7837

-8395

-9458

CHECKS

1.Check for moment capacity


Mdesign

-2500

-5000

-7008

Mcapacity

-7837
OK

-8395
OK

-9458
OK

Status
2.Check for area of steel
Ast ,req

3272

6624.3

9448

Ast ,prov

10455

11259

12868

Ast ,min

775.6

773.3

766.0

Ast ,max

36675
OK

36675
OK

36675
OK

Status
3.Check for deff
deff req

422.1

597.0

706.8

deff available

1773
OK

1767.6
OK

1751.0
OK

Status
4.Check for spacing
Smin

32.0

32.0

32.0

Sprov in L1

113.5

113.5

113.5

Sprov in L2

113.5

113.5

113.5

Sprov in L3

227.0

151.3

151.3

Sprov in L4

----

----

454.0

Sprov in L5

----

----

----

Sprov in L6

----

Status
OK
5.Check for Neutral Axis depth

----

----

OK

OK

NA act

120.3

129.6

148.1

NA max

815.5
OK

813.1
OK

805.5
OK

Status

b) For Hogging Moment

Description

Units
m
kN m
mm
mm
mm

Design Moment
Web width
Overall Depth
Dia of bar
Deff available

mm

Deff Req

mm

Ast ,req

sq mm

Ast ,min

sq mm

No of bars
Ast ,prov

sq mm

Section Considered
0L
0
115.1
600
1900
25
1830.5
202.54
179

Check for Ast

deff
1.77
65
300
1900
25
1830.5
215.25
101

1602
4
1963

1963

OK

OK

801
4

8.3 Design of Girder G2/G3 (As per ULS)


a) For Sagging Moment

Layer No
From
Bottom
1
2
3
4
5
6

Dia
32
32
32
32
32
32

Section Considered
Ast ,mm2
CG (bot)
Web thk
Eff Depth
NA depth
Dslab
Design Moment

L/8
2.625
No.
5
5
3
0
0
0

L/8
2.625
10455
127
300
1773
120

73
###
###
0
0
0

L/4
5.25

Dia
32
32
32
32
32
32

L/2
10.5

11259
12868
132.43
149
300.00
300
1768
1751
129.57
148
225

-2500

CG

Section Considered
L/4
5.25
Dia
No.
CG
32
5
73
32
5
###
32
4
###
32
0
0
32
0
0
32
0
0

225.00
-5000

225
-6486

Since depth of slab is more than dep


axis,hence neutral axis lies inside the flang

Deff Req

422.1

Ast ,req

3272
816

NA max
Mres1

597.0
6624.3
813.08

-44092

Mres2

680.0

-43830

-7837

8727
805.46
-43012

-8395

-9458

CHECKS
1.Check for moment capacity
Mdesign

-2500

-5000

-6486

Mcapacity

-7837
OK

-8395
OK

-9458
OK

Status
2.Check for area of steel
Ast ,req
Ast ,prov
Ast ,min
Ast ,max
Status

3272

6624

8727

10455

11259

12868

775.6

773

766

36675
OK

36675
OK

36675
OK

597.0

680.0

1767.6
OK

1751.0
OK

32.0

32.0

32.0

113.5

113.5

113.5

3.Check for deff


deff req
deff available
Status

422.1
1773
OK

4.Check for spacing


Smin
Sprov in L1
Sprov in L2

113.5

113.5

113.5

Sprov in L3

227.0

151.3

151.3

Sprov in L4

----

----

454.0

Sprov in L5

----

----

----

Sprov in L6

----

Status
OK
5.Check for Neutral Axis depth
NA act
NA max
Status

120.3
815.5
OK

---OK

---OK

129.6

148.1

813.1
OK

805.5
OK

b) For Hogging Moment

Description
Design Moment
Web width
Overall Depth
Dia of bar
Deff available

Section Considered
Units
m
kN m
mm
mm
mm

0L
0
259
600
1900
25

mm

1831

deff
1.77
74
300
1900
25
1830.5

Deff Req

mm

Ast ,req

mm

403.2

115.19

Ast ,min

mm2

801

No of bars
Ast ,prov

1602
4

mm

Check for Ast

304

1963
OK

230

4
1963.5
OK

CHAPTER - 8

of Girders for Flexure

35
1.5
1.15
500
500
434.8
347.83
15.63
32000
2E+05
25
22
0.0035
2.80

6.25
0.46
4.68

40 mm
0.13 %
12 mm
21.00 m
3m
600 mm
600 mm
3.0 m
1.6 m

32

L/2
10.5
No.
5
5
4
2
0
0

CG
73
137
201
265
0
0

b is more than depth of neutral


is lies inside the flange

L/2
11
No.
5
5
4
2
0
0

CG
73
137
201
265
0
0

b is more than depth of neutral


is lies inside the flange

Design of Girders for Shea

9.1 General terms and notations used


Design shear resistance of the member
without shear reinforcement

VRd.c

The design value of maximum shear force


which can be sustained by the member
limited by crushing of the compression
struts

VRd.max

Design value of shear force which can


be sustained by the yielding shear
reinforcement

VRd.s

Shear Resistance of the member


with shear reinforcement

VRd

Minimum breadth of the section


over the depth

bw

Area of shear reinforcement at a


section

Asw

Concrete compressive stress at the


centroidal axis due to axial loading
or prestressing

cp

Design value of concrete strength


in compression

fcd

Minimum Shear Reinforcement

min

Lever Arm (0.9 times Effective


Depth for RCC)

Strength Reduction factor for


concrete cracked in shear

v1

Coefficient taking account of the


state of stress in the compression

cw

chord

9.2 Shear Check for girder (G1/G4)


Section Considered
Layer No
From
Bottom
1
2
3
4
5
6
Ast ,mm2

Dia
32
32
32
32
32
32

CG (bot)

Dist
Shear
Eff Depth
Web wid
K
1

0
0
No. CG
Dia
5
73
32
5
137
32
3
201
32
0
0
32
0
0
32
0
0
32

Deff

10455.2
127.2

10455.2
127.2

10455.2
127.2

11259.5
132.4

1.77
1200.00
1772.85
300
1.34

2.625

5.25

10.5

1000.00
1772.85
300
1.34

698.00
1767.57
300
1.34

138.00
1751.00
300
1.34

1301.20
1772.85
600
1.34

L/8
L/4
1.773
2.625
5.25
No. CG
Dia No. CG
Dia No. CG
Dia
5
73
32
5
73
32
5
73
32
5
137 32
5
137 32
5
137
32
3
201 32
3
201 32
4
201
32
0
0
32
0
0
32
0
0
32
0
0
32
0
0
32
0
0
32
0
0
32
0
0
32
0
0
32

10.5

12868.0
149.0

0.0098

0.0197

0.0197

0.0200

0.0200

301

151

151

150

149

509.17
320.02
CHECK
reqd.
reqd.
Type
Vertical
Vertical

90
90
Area of shear reinforcement (provided)
Spacing
175
175
dia
12
12
No. of Leg
2
2
Asw
226.19
226.19

320.02
reqd.
Vertical
90

321.00
reqd.
Vertical
90

318.37
Not reqd.
Vertical
90

cp
VRd.cmin
VRd.c

provided

0.00215
VRd.s

Calculation of
(deg)
Cot
z
VRd.s

22
2.47
1595.56

Calculation of
Tan
v1

0.40

z
Calculation of

22
2.47
1575.90
2517.75

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.6

1
1595.56

1561.08
min (

0.6

0.6

1
1575.90

1556.44

1541.85

1595.56
=

22
2.47
1590.81

0.00431

2541.58

0.6

3122.17

0.00431

2549.16

VRd

22
2.47
1595.56

226.19

2549.16

0.6

VRd.max

226.19

0.00431

22
2.47
1595.56

1595.56

175
12
2

226.19

0.00431

2549.16
VRd.max

cw

175
12
2

VRd.s

1561.08
VRd.max)
&

1590.81

VRd

2549.16

1561.08

1561.08

1556.44

1541.85

0.00085

0.00085

CHECKS
1
min

For area of shear reinforcement

provided

0.00215
0.00431
OK
OK
For spacing of shear reinforcement

Status
2
smax
sprovided
Status
3
Design SF
VRd
Status

0.00085

0.00085

442.5

0.00085

885.0

885.0

175.0
175.0
OK
OK
For capacity of shear reinforced section
1301.2
1200.0
2549.2

0.00431
OK

OK

885.0

175.0
OK

175.0

175.0
OK

698.0

1561.1
OK

0.00431
OK
885.0

OK

1000.0

1561.1

OK

0.00431
OK

138.0

1556.4
OK

1541.8
OK

9.3 Shear Check for girder (G2/G3)


Section Considered
Layer No
From
Bottom
1
2
3
4
5
6
Ast ,mm2
CG (bot)

Dist
Shear
Eff Depth
Web wid
K
1

Deff

L/8
L/4
0
1.773
2.625
5.25
10.5
Dia No. CG
Dia
No. CG
Dia No. CG
Dia No. CG
Dia
32
5
73
32
5
73 32
5
73 32
5
73
32
32
5 137
32
5 137 32
5 137 32
5 137
32
32
3 201
32
3 201 32
3 201 32
4 201
32
32
0
0
32
0
0 32
0
0 32
0
0
32
32
0
0
32
0
0 32
0
0 32
0
0
32
32
0
0
32
0
0 32
0
0 32
0
0
32
10455.2
127.2

10455.2
127.2

10455.2
127.2

11259.5
132.4

12868.0
149.0

2.625

5.25

10.5

1.77
1100.00
1772.85
300
1.34

1000.00
1772.85
300
1.34

702.00
1767.57
300
1.34

185.60
1751.00
300
1.34

0.0098

0.0197

0.0197

0.0200

0.0200

301

151

151

150

149

509.17
320.02
CHECK
REQ
REQ
Type
Vertical
Vertical

90
90
Area of shear reinforcement (provided)

320.02
REQ
Vertical
90

321.00
REQ
Vertical
90

318.37
NOT REQ
Vertical
90

cp
VRd.cmin
VRd.c

1242.00
1772.85
600
1.34

Spacing
dia
No. of Leg
Asw

175
12
2

175
12
2

226.19

provided

226.19

0.00215

Calculation of
(deg)
Cot
z
VRd.s
Calculation of
Tan
v1
cw
z
VRd.max

226.19

0.00431

175
12
2
226.19

0.00431

226.19

0.00431

0.00431

VRd.s
22
2.47
1595.56

22
2.47
1595.56

2549.16
VRd.max
0.40

22
2.47
1575.90

2541.58

2517.75

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.6
1

0.6
1

1595.56

1595.56

1561.08
=

2549.16

22
2.47
1590.81

2549.16

3122.17
VRd

22
2.47
1595.56

2549.16

0.6
1
1595.56

Calculation of
VRd

175
12
2

1561.08
VRd.max)
&

VRd.s

min (
1561.08

1561.08

0.6
1

0.6
1
1575.90

1556.44

1541.85

1590.81

1556.44

1541.85

0.00085

0.00085

CHECKS
1
min
provided
Status
2
smax

For area of shear reinforcement


0.00085

0.00215
0.00431
OK
OK
For spacing of shear reinforcement
442.5

sprovided
Status
3
Design SF
VRd
Status

0.00085

885.0

175.0

0.00431
OK
885.0

175.0

OK
OK
For capacity of shear reinforced section
1242.0
1100.0
2549.2
OK

0.00085

885.0

175.0
OK

885.0
175.0
OK

702.0

1561.1
OK

0.00431
OK

175.0
OK

1000.0

1561.1
OK

0.00431
OK

185.6

1556.4
OK

1541.8
OK

CHAPTER - 9

f Girders for Shear Force

L/2
10.5
No. CG
5
73
5
137
4
201
2
265
0
0
0
0
12868.0
149.0

10.5
138.00
1751.00
300
1.34
0.0200
0
149
318.37
Not reqd.
Vertical
90
175
12
2
226.19
0.00431
22
2.47
1575.90
2517.75
0.40
0.6
1
1575.90
1541.85

1541.85

0.00085
0.00431
OK
885.0
175.0
OK
138.0
1541.8
OK

L/2
10.5
No. CG
5
73
5 137
4 201
2 265
0
0
0
0
12868.0
149.0

10.5
185.60
1751.00
300
1.34
0.0200
0
149
318.37
NOT REQ
Vertical
90

175
12
2
226.19
0.00431

22
2.47
1575.90
2517.75
0.40
0.6
1
1575.90
1541.85
1541.85

0.00085
0.00431
OK
885.0
175.0
OK
185.6
1541.8
OK

Design of c
10.1 General Design Data
Total length of cross girder
Distance between jacks
C/C distance b/w main girders
Overall depth of cross girder
Width of cross girder

9m
6m
3m
0.95 m
0.4 m

10.2 Jacking condition

Support Conditions
Effective span of cross girder
Dia of jacks
Clear length of girder
Effective span to overall depth
Type of beam
Lever Arm, z
z = 0.2( l +2d )

1.50

=
=
=
=
=
=

Continuous
6m
0.3 m
5.7 m
6.32
Normal
1.485 m

1.5

1.50

1.5

1.75
3

Fig 1

10.2.1 Staad Modelling


The cross girder shall be designed as a continuous beam with reactions
on girders due to all loads except live load ,acting as point load along with
cross girder self weight acting as uniformly distributed load.Also the jack
locations are modelled as pinned supports in staad( as shown in Fig 2).
The resultant forces obtained after staad analysis are tabulated for which
the cross girder shall be designed
R1

R2

1.50

1.50

R3

3.00

1.50

Sno.
1
2
3

Sno.
1

Factored Reaction summary due to self weight and sidl


Load
R1
R2
R3
SW
281.61
252.315
252.315
SIDL
184.41
-67.23
-77.22
WC
40.075
49.7
50.4
Total
506.095
234.785
225.495
Self weight of cross girder
Width
Height
Area
Density
0.4
0.95
0.38
25

Loading Diagram due to DL + SIDL reactions of longitudnal girders

Loading Diagram due to self weight of cross girder


10.2.2 Results obtained after Staad analysis

Bending moment results due self weight of cross girder

R4
281.61
431.595
7
720.205
UDL
12.825

Bending moment results due to DL + SIDL reactions of longitudnal girders

Beam
1
2
3

B M(kN/m)
DL+SIDL
Total (factored)
Self Weight of Cgirder
+
+
0.00
14.40
0.00
759.10
0.00
-43.30
14.40
0.00
1080.00
-43.30
0.00
14.40
0.00
1080.00
0.00

Design Hogging moment


Design Sagging moment

=
=

1094.4 kNm
-43.3 kNm

Shear Force results due to DL + SIDL reactions of longitudnal girders

Shear Force results due to self weight of cross girder

Beam

Self Weight of Cgirder

1
2
3

+
-19.2
-38.5
0.0

Design Shear force


Maximum jacking force required =

Shear Force(kN)
SIDL+DL
Total
+
0.0
-506.1
0.0
-525.3
38.5
-281.4
178.9
-319.9
19.2
0.0
720.2
0.0
=

739.4 kN
1059.3 kN

10.2.3 Design for flexure

Description

Section Considered
Hogging
top
1094.4
400
950
32
877

Units
m
kN m
mm
mm
mm

Design Moment
Web width
Overall Depth
Dia of bar
Deff available

mm

Deff Req

mm

Ast ,req

sq mm

764.91
2869

Ast ,min

sq mm

512

No of bars

Ast ,prov

3217

sq mm

Check for Ast

OK

10.2.4 Design for shear


Bottom
1
2
Ast ,mm2

Dia
20
12

No.

CG (bot)

CG
4
0

65
0
1256.0

Shear(kN)

65.00
739.40

Eff Depth

885.00

Web wid

400.00

K
1

1.48

cp

0.00

0.00

VRd.c min

116.35

VRd.c

133.70

CHECK

Area of shear reinforcement (assumed)


Type

REQ

Vertical
90

Spacing
Shear RI dia

175
10

No. of Leg
Asw

2
157.08

provided

0.0022

Calculation of
(deg)
Cot
z

VRd.s
22.000
2.472
796.500

VRd.s

883.705
Calculation of

VRd.max

Tan

0.404

v1

0.600

cw

1.000
796.500

z
VRd.max

1039.052

Calculation of VRd = min( VRd.s & VRd.max)


VRd.s

883.71

VRd.max

1039.05

VRd

883.71
CHECKS
1

Area of shear reinforcement

min

0.00085

provided

0.00224

Status

OK
2

Spacing of shear reinforcement

smax

460.96

sprovided
Status
3
Design SF
VRd
Status

175
OK
Capacity of shear reinforced section
739.40
883.7
OK

10.3 Service Condition


Main Girder spacing
Width of bearing
Clear Span
Effective Span
Effective span
overall depth

3m
0.4 m
2.6 m
2.99 m
3.147

**Not to be designed as a deep beam

1.75
3

Fig 3
10.3.1 Staad Modelling

In case of service condition ,the crossgirder is modelled as a continuous beam spanning betwee
girder locations.The selfweight of cross girder acts as UDL and the reactions at each girder fro
different loads are applied as point load at various girder locations .Also various combinations of liv
load are transversely moved to produce maximum stress resultants
R1

R2

R3

Fig 4

Sno.
1

Reaction summary due to self weight and sidl


Load
R1
R2
R3
SW
281.61
252.315
252.315

R4
281.61

2
3
4

Sno.
1

SIDL
WC
LL
Total

184.41
-67.23
-77.22
431.595
40.075
49.7
50.4
7
70 R bogie , 2 lane class A moved transversly
506.095
234.785
225.495
720.205

Self weight of cross girder


Width
Height
0.4
0.95

Area
0.38

Density
25

Loading Diagram due to DL + SIDL reactions of longitudnal girders

Loading Diagram due to self weight of cross girder

Loading Diagram due to 2 lane Class -A for transverse analysis

Loading Diagram due to 70 R Bogie for transverse analysis

10.3.2 Results obtained after Staad analysis

UDL
12.825

Beam Self Weight of Cgirder


+
-8.8
1
-3.2
2
-8.8
3

Design Hogging moment


Design Sagging moment

B M(kN/m)
DL+SIDL+LL
+
11.2
-91.3
76.7
11.2
-69.8
76.7
11.2
-91.9
76.3

=
=

Total
-100.1
-73
-100.7

87.9 kNm
-100.7 kNm

Factored bending moment results due to 70 R Bogie

Factored bending moment results due to 2 Lane Class A


Thus it can be seen that 70 R Bogie produces more bending moment than 2 Lane Class -A

Factored bending moment results due to self weight of cross girder

Factored bending moment results due to Sidl + Dl

Beam Self Weight of Cgirder


+
-23
1
-19.2
2
-15.5
3

Design Shear force=

Shear Force(kN)
SIDL+LL+DL
+
15.5
-208
695.5
19.2
-193.6
388.8
23
-902.2
395

Total
-231
-212.8
-917.7

917.7 kN

Shear Force results due to self weight of cross girder

Shear Force results due to DL + SIDL reactions of longitudnal girders

Shear Force results due to 70 R Bogie

Shear Force results due to 2-Lane Class A


Thus it can be seen that 70 R Bogie produces more shear force than 2 Lane Class -A

10.2.3 Design for flexure

Description

Section Considered
Hogging
top
87.9
400
950

Units
m
kN m
mm
mm

Design Moment
Web width
Overall Depth
Dia of bar
Deff available

mm

32

mm

877

Deff Req

mm

216.78

Ast ,req

sq mm

230

Ast ,min

sq mm

No of bars
Ast ,prov

sq mm

512
4
3217

Check for Ast

OK

10.2.4 Design for shear


Bottom
1
2
Ast ,mm2
CG (bot)
Shear(kN)
Eff Depth

Dia
20
0

No.

CG
4
0

67
0
1256.0
67.00
917.70
883.00

Web wid
K
1

400.00
1.48
0.00

cp

0.00

VRd.c min

116.15

VRd.c

133.55
REQ

CHECK
Area of shear reinforcement (assumed)
Type

Spacing
Shear RI dia
No. of Leg
Asw

Vertical
90
175
12
2
226.19

provided

0.0032

Calculation of

VRd.s

(deg)

22.000

Cot
z

2.472
794.700

VRd.s

1269.660

Calculation of
Tan
v1

VRd.max
0.404
0.600

cw

1.000
794.700

z
VRd.max

1036.704

Calculation of VRd = min( VRd.s & VRd.max)


VRd.s

1269.66

VRd.max

1036.70

VRd

1036.70
CHECKS
1

Area of shear reinforcement

min

0.00085

provided

0.00323

Status
2
smax

OK
Spacing of shear reinforcement
663.78

sprovided
Status
3
Design SF
VRd
Status

175
OK
Capacity of shear reinforced section
917.70
1036.7
OK

CHAPTER - 10
Design of cross girders

Reference
Cl 29
IS:456:2000

0.95

1.75

R4

1.50

tal (factored)
+
773.50
1094.40
1094.40

+
0.0
217.4
739.4

idered
Sagging
bottom
43.3
400
950
20
883
152.15
113
515
4
1257
OK

0.95

1.75

eam spanning between


ons at each girder from
ous combinations of live

R4

Total

Lane Class -A

+
87.9
87.9
87.5

Class -A

Total
+
711
408
418

idered
Sagging
bottom
100.7
400
950
20
883
232.03
262
515
4
1257
OK

Design of c
10.1 General Design Data
Total length of cross girder
Distance between jacks
C/C distance b/w main girders
Overall depth of cross girder
Width of cross girder
10.2 Jacking condition

Support Conditions
Effective span of cross girder
Dia of jacks
Clear length of girder
Effective span to overall depth
Type of beam

0.75

2.25

Ref: Cl 29

1.50

IS:456:2000

1.5

2.25

0.75

1.95
3

Fig 1

10.2.1 Staad Modelling

The cross girder shall be designed as a continuous beam with reactions on girders due to all
load ,acting as point load along with cross girder self weight acting as uniformly distributed loa
locations are modelled as pinned supports in staad( as shown in Fig 2).The resultant forces obt
analysis are tabulated for which the cross girder shall be designed

R1

0.75

R2

R3

3.75

3.75

Factored Reaction summary due to self weight and sidl


Load
R1
R2
R3
SW
564.165
509.625
509.625
SIDL
350.19
-132.84
-132.84
WC
71.75
83.125
83.125
Total
986.105
459.91
459.91
Factored Self weight of cross girder
Width
Height
Area
Density
0.4
1.5
0.6
25

Sno.
1
2
3

Sno.
1

R4
564.165
350.19
71.75
986.105
UDL
20.25

10.2.2 Results obtained after Staad analysis

Beam
1
2
3
4

Max Bending Moment (kNm)


DL+SIDL
Self Weight of Cgirder
+
0.00
5.70
0.00
-18.80
30.10
-67.20
-18.80
30.10
-67.20
0.00
5.70
0.00

Total (factored)
+
739.60
0.00
739.60
-86.00
739.60
-86.00
739.60
0.00

Design Hogging moment


Design Sagging moment

Beam
1
2
3
4

Max Shear Force(kN)


SIDL+DL
Total (factored)
Self Weight of Cgirder
+
+
-15.2
0.0
-986.1
0.0
-1001
-44.5
31.5
-91.2
368.7
-135.7
-31.5
44.5
-368.7
91.2
-400.2
0.0
15.2
0.0
986.1
0.0

Design Shear force


Maximum jacking force required
10.2.3 Design for flexure

Description
Design Moment
Web width
Overall Depth
Dia of bar
Deff available

Units
m
kN m
mm
mm
mm
mm

Section Considered
Hogging
top
769.7
400
1500
20
1433

Deff Req

mm

Ast ,req

sq mm

641.48
1235

Ast ,min

sq mm

836

No of bars

Ast ,prov

2513

sq mm

Check for Ast

OK

10.2.4 Design for shear


Flexural steel provided
Bottom
layer -1
layer -2

Dia
20
20

No.
4
0

CG
67
0

Total Area of flexural steel

Ast ,mm2

c.g of steel from bottom


Design Shear force (kN)

CG (bot)
V

Effective Depth

de

Web width

bw

=
% age of flexure rft.
Constant 'K'

1+Sqrt (200/d) < = 2.0

K
1

Ast/(bw.d) <= 0.02

cp

VRd.c min

(Vmin + 0.15 cp )bw * d

VRd.c

[0.12K (80p1.fck)^0.33 + 0.15cp] bw .d

Criteria

Vrdc < Design Shear Force

Shear Reinforcement :
Type

Vertical

Spacing
90

Shear Rft. Reqd.

dia

200

legs
12

Asw
2

226.19

Shear Capacity
VRd.s
(deg)
Cot
z

VRd max
22.000
2.472
1289.700

(deg)
Tan
z
v1

VRd (min)
22.000
0.404
1289.700
0.600

cw
VRd.s

1802.939

1.000

VRd.max

1682.442

1682.4

Checks for % age steel , Max Spacing & Shear Capacity


% age steel
min

0.00085

provided
Status

Spacing
0.00283

OK

smax
sprovided
Status

OK

Shear acapcity.
663.78 Design SF
1001.30
V
200 Rd
1682.4
Status

OK

10.3 Service Condition


Main Girder spacing
Width of bearing
Clear Span
Effective Span
Effective span / overall depth

1.95
3

Fig 3
10.3.1 Staad Modelling

In case of service condition ,the crossgirder is modelled as a continuous beam spanning


locations.The selfweight of cross girder acts as UDL and the reactions at each girder from di
applied as point load at various girder locations .Also various combinations of live load are trans
produce maximum stress resultants

R1

R2

R3

Fig 4

Sno.
1
2
3
4

Reaction summary due to self weight and sidl


Load
R1
R2
R3
R4
SW
564.165
509.625
509.625
564.165
SIDL
350.19
-132.84
-132.84
350.19
WC
71.75
83.125
83.125
71.75
LL
70 R bogie , 2 lane class A moved transversly
Total
986.105
459.91
459.91
986.105

Self weight of cross girder

Sno.
1

Width
0.4

Height
1.5

Area
0.6

Density
25

UDL
20.25

10.3.2 Results obtained after Staad analysis


Max Bending Moment (kNm)
Beam Self Weight of Cgirder
+
-15.3
1
-8.4
2
3

-15.3

DL+SIDL+LL
-

Total
+

16.4
16.4

-84
-61.5

70.7
72.7

-99.3
-69.9

16.4

-88.5

72.7

-103.8

SIDL+LL+DL
+
-202.5
1128.9
-191.1
621.4
-1161.6
635.5

-238.3
-221.5
-1186.5

Design Hogging moment


Design Sagging moment
Max Shear Force(kN)
Beam Self Weight of Cgirder
+
-35.8
1
-30.4
2
-24.9
3

24.9
30.4
35.8

Total

Design Shear force


10.2.3 Design for flexure

Description
Design Moment
Web width
Overall Depth
Dia of bar
Deff available

Units
m
kN m
mm
mm
mm
mm

Deff Req

mm

Ast ,req

sq mm

Ast ,min

sq mm

No of bars
Ast ,prov

sq mm

Check for Ast

Section Considered
Hogging
top
89.1
400
1500
20
1433
218.25
143
836
4
1257
OK

10.2.4 Design for shear


Flexural steel provided
Bottom
layer -1
layer -2

Dia
20
20

No.
4
0

CG
67
0
Ast ,mm2

Total Area of flexural steel


c.g of steel from bottom
Design Shear force (kN)
Effective Depth
Web width
=
Constant 'K'
% age of flexure rft.

CG (bot)
V
de
bw
K
1

1+Sqrt (200/d) < = 2.0


Ast/(bw.d) <= 0.02

cp

VRd.c min

(Vmin + 0.15 cp )bw * d

VRd.c

=
=

[0.12K (80p1.fck)^0.33 + 0.15cp] bw .d

Criteria

Vrdc < Design Shear Force

Shear Reinforcement :
Type

Vertical

Spacing
90

Shear Reinf reqd

dia

200

legs
12

Asw
2

226.19

Shear Capacity
VRd.s
(deg)
Cot
z

VRd max
22.000
2.472
1289.700

VRd (min)

22.0

(deg)
Tan
z
v1

0.404
1289.700
0.600

cw
VRd.s

1802.939

1.000

VRd.max

1682.442

1682.4

Checks for % age steel , Max Spacing & Shear Capacity


% age steel
min

0.00085

provided
Status

Spacing
0.00283

OK

smax
sprovided
Status

OK

Shear acapcity.
663.78 Design SF
1186.50
V
200 Rd
1682.4
Status

OK

CHAPTER - 10
Design of cross girders

9m
3.75 m
3m
1.5 m
0.4 m

Continuous
3.75
0.3
3.45
2.5
Normal

1.5

1.95

on girders due to all loads except live


niformly distributed load.Also the jack
e resultant forces obtained after staad

R4

0.75

tal (factored)
+
745.30
769.70
769.70
745.30
769.7 kNm
-86 kNm

tal (factored)
+
0.0
400.2
135.7
1001.3
1001.3 kN
1401.5 kN

idered
Sagging
bottom
86
400
1500
20
1433
214.42
138
836

4
1257
OK

1257
67.00
1001.30
1433.00
400.00
1.37
0.002
0.00
169.23
171.95
Shear Rft. Reqd.

% steel
0.0028

3m
0.4 m
2.6 m
2.99 m
1.993

1.5
1.95

uous beam spanning between girder


t each girder from different loads are
of live load are transversely moved to

R4

Total
+
87.1
89.1
89.1

89.1 kNm
-103.8 kNm

Total
+
1153.8
651.8
671.3

1186.5 kN

idered
Sagging
bottom
103.8
400
1500
20
1433
235.57
167
836
4
1257
OK

1256.0
67.00
1186.50
1433.00
400.00
1.37
0.00
0.00
169.23
171.92
Shear Reinf reqd

provided
0.0028

Desig
10.1 General Design Data
Total length of cross girder
Distance between jacks
C/C distance b/w main girders
Overall depth of cross girder
Width of cross girder
10.2 Jacking condition
Reference:
Cl 29

IS:456:2000

Support Conditions
Effective span of cross girder
Dia of jacks
Clear length of girder
Effective span to overall depth
Type of beam
Lever Arm, z
z = 0.2( l +2d )

0.75

2.25

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

1.5

1.5

2.25

1.75

10.2.1 Staad Modelling

The cross girder shall be designed as a continuous beam with reactions on girders due to all loa
live load ,acting as point load along with cross girder self weight acting as uniformly distributed loa
jack locations are modelled as pinned supports in staad( as shown in Fig 2).The resultant force
after staad analysis are tabulated for which the cross girder shall be designed

R1

0.75

R2

R3

3.75

3.75

0.75

Factored Reaction summary due to self weight and sidl


Load
R1
R2
R3
SW
564.2
509.6
509.6
SIDL
350.2
-132.8
-132.8
WC
71.8
83.1
83.1
986.1
459.9
459.9
Total
Self weight of cross girder
Width
Height
Area
Density
0.4
1.5
0.6
25

Sno.
1
2
3

Sno.
1

R4
564.2
350.2
71.8
986.1
UDL
20.25

10.2.2 Results obtained after Staad analysis


B M(kN/m)
DL+SIDL
+
0.00
853.00
-118.40
853.00
-3.00
1167.40
0.00
1167.40

Total (factored
0.00
-142.90
-27.50
0.00

Shear Force(kN)
DL+SIDL
+
0.0
-1137.3
0.0
40.3
-180.2
444.0
55.9
-531.5
101.7
19.2
0.0
1556.5

Total (factored
-1156.5
-236.1
-571.8
0.0

Self Weight of X girder

Beam
1
2
3
4

0.00
-24.50
-24.50
0.00

Design Hogging moment


Design Sagging moment

Beam

+
7.20
36.30
36.30
7.20
=
=

Self Weight of X girder

1
2
3
4

+
-19.2
-55.9
-40.3
0.0

Design Shear force


Maximum jacking force required

=
=

10.2.3 Design for hogging moment


Total Depth of Cross Girder
Clear cover
Grade of concrete
Grade of reinforcement
Dia of bar for shear
Spacing b/w layers of flex bars=
As per Cl:29.3.2 IS456-2000, negative reinforcement is calculated below and
the zones as per the code are also considered.

=
=
=
=
=
=

Design Moment Mu
Lever Arm , z
Ast required ,
= Mu/(0.87 fy z)
Cl. Span/Overall Depth D

IS 456:2000 Cl-29.3.2

From top
either side of Mid depth

Zone 1= 0.2 D

Mu
z

=
=

Ast
Lc/D

=
=

Zone -1
Zone -2

=
=

Zone 2 = 0.3 D,either side of mid de


0.30

fig 1:zone-1

D/2

0.2 D

fig 2: zone-2

Area of steel reinforcement :


Description
Ast z
bar dia
No of bars reqd.
No. of bars prov.
Ast z 1 prov
Criteria
0.5 D

Zone-1

Zone-2

2075.34
20
7.00
6.00

230.59
12
3.00
8.00

1884.96

904.78

redo.
750.00

ok.
750.00

Distance from the face of support a


50% negative steel shall be curtailed

10.2.4 Design for sagging moment


Dia of bar for flexure
Dia of bar for shear
Spacing b/w layers of flex bars

=
=
=

As per Cl:29.3.1 IS456-2000, positive reinforcement is calculated below and


the zones as per the code are also considered.
Design Moment Mu
Lever Arm , z
Ast required ,
= Mu/(0.87 fy z)
No of bars reqd.
No. of Bars provided
layers
Dia
layer -1
12

Nrs

Spacing
4

95

Mu
z

=
=

Ast

=
=
=

Area Rft.
452

layer -2
Total

12

4
8

95

Depth of tensile zone for reinforcement


(adjacent to the tension face)

(0.25D-0.05l )

452
905

0.25D-0.05l

Tensile
zone

187.5

10.2.5 Side face reinforcement


As per Cl-32.5.1, IS 456:2000
Description
Area
Area of
of steel
steel required
reqd. each
face
Dia provided (< 16dia)
Spacing provided
Sv<3b & Sv < 450
mm<=450mm
Area of steel provided
Ast reqd. < Ast prov.

10.2.6 Design for shear force


Flexural steel provided
Bottom
Dia
layer -1
12
layer -2
12

units
mm

mm
mm

Vert. rft.

Horz. Rft.

0.12%bL
480
240
12
200

0.20%bL
800
400
16
200

criteria
mm2 /m
criteria

No.
4
4

Total Area of flexural steel


c.g of steel from bottom
Design Shear force (kN)
Effective Depth
Web width
=
Constant 'K'

1+Sqrt (200/d) < = 2.0

% age of flexure rft.

Ast/(bw.d) <= 0.02

OK

OK

565
ok

1005
ok

c.g
58
102
Ast ,mm2
CG (bot)
V
d
bw
K
1

cp
VRd.c min

(Vmin + 0.15 cp )bw * d

VRd.c

=
=

[0.12K (80p1.fck)^0.33 + 0.15cp] bw .d

Criteria

Vrdc < Design Shear Force

Shear Reinforcement :
Type

Vertical

90

Spacing
200

Shear Rft

dia
12

legs
2

Asw
226.1946710585

Shear Capacity
VRd.s

VRd max

22.0
2.5
1278

(deg)
Cot
z

VRd (min)

22.0
0.4
1278

(deg)
Tan
z
v1

0.6
1.0

cw
VRd.s

1786.6

VRd.max

1667.2

1667.2

Checks for % age steel , Max Spacing & Shear Capacity


% age steel
min
provided
Status

Spacing

0.0009
0.0028
OK

smax
sprovided
Status

Shear acapcity.
663.78 Design SF
200 VRd

1575.70

Status

OK

OK

1667.2

10.3 Service condition


Main Girder spacing
Width of bearing
Clear Span
Effective Span
Effective span / overall depth
Lever Arm , z

=
=
=
=
=
=

1.75
3

Fig 3
10.3.1 Staad Modelling

In case of service condition ,the crossgirder is modelled as a continuous beam spanning betw
locations.The selfweight of cross girder acts as UDL and the reactions at each girder from differen
applied as point load at various girder locations .Also various combinations of live load are tra
moved to produce maximum stress resultants
R1

R2

R3

Fig 4

Sno.
1
2
3
4

Load
SW
SIDL
WC
LL

Reaction summary due to self weight and sidl


R1
R2
R3
R4
564.165
509.625
509.625
564.165
350.19
-132.84
-132.84
350.19
71.75
83.125
83.125
71.75
70 R bogie , 2 lane class A moved transversely

Total

Sno.
1

986.105

Self weight of cross girder


Width
Height
0.4
1.5

459.91

Area
0.6

459.91

Density
25

986.105

UDL
20.25

10.3.2 Results obtained after Staad analysis

Beam Self Weight of Cgirder


+
-19.4
1
-8.1
2
-19.4
3

Design Hogging moment


Design Sagging moment

20.8
20.8
20.8

B M(kN/m)
DL+SIDL+LL
+
-94.2
-71.9
-95.8

Total
70.8
70.7
70.7

-160.7
-115.95
-163.1

=
=

Beam Self Weight of Cgirder


+
-45.4
1
-38.5
2
-31.5
3

Shear Force(kN)
SIDL+LL+DL
+
31.5
-205.8
1328.5
38.5
-193
777.5
45.4
-1740.5
799.6

Total
-273.9
-250.75
-1787.75

Design Shear force=


10.2.3 Design for hogging moment
Total Depth of Cross Girder
Clear cover

=
=

Grade of concrete
Grade of reinforcement

=
=

Dia of bar for shear

Spacing b/w layers of flex bars=

As per Cl:29.3.2 IS456-2000, negative reinforcement is calculated below and


the zones as per the code are also considered.
Design Moment Mu

Mu
z

=
=

Ast

Lc/D

From top

Zone -1

either side of Mid depth

Zone -2

Lever Arm , z
Ast required ,
= Mu/(0.87 fy z)
Cl. Span/Overall Depth D
IS 456:2000 Cl-29.3.2

Zone 1= 0.2 D

Zone 2 = 0.3 D,either side of mid de


300.00

D/2

fig 1:zone-1

fig 2: zone-2

Area of steel reinforcement :


Description
Ast z
bar dia
No of bars reqd.
No. of bars prov.
Ast z 1 prov

Zone-1

Zone-2

171.792284519
20
1.00
4.00
1256.64
ok.
750.00

Criteria
0.5 D

106.79
12
1.00
2.00

Distance from the face of support a


50% negative steel shall be curtailed

226.19
ok.
750.00

10.2.4 Design for sagging moment


Dia of bar for flexure
Dia of bar for shear

=
=

Spacing b/w layers of flex bars

As per Cl:29.3.1 IS456-2000, positive reinforcement is calculated below and


the zones as per the code are also considered.
Design Moment Mu
Lever Arm , z
Ast required ,
= Mu/(0.87 fy z)
No of bars reqd.
No. of Bars provided
layers
Dia
layer -1
12
layer -2
12
Total

Nrs

Spacing
4

95
95

4
8

Depth of tensile zone for reinforcement


(adjacent to the tension face)

(0.25D-0.05l )

225.5

Mu
z

=
=

Ast

=
=
=

Area Rft.
452
452
905
0.25D-0.05l

Tensile

(0.25D-0.05l )

225.5

zone

10.3.5 Side face reinforcement


As per Cl-32.5.1, IS 456:2000
Description

units

Area of
Area
of steel
steel required
reqd. each
face
Dia provided (< 16dia)
Spacing
Sv<3b & provided
Sv < 450
mm<=450mm

mm
each face
mm
mm
criteria

Area of steel provided

mm2 /m

Ast reqd. < Ast prov.

criteria

Vert. rft.

Horz. Rft.

0.12%bL

0.20%bL

10.3.6 Design for shear force


Flexural steel provided
Bottom
Dia
layer -1
12
layer -2
12

480
240
12
300
OK
452

800
400
16
300
OK
670

ok

ok

No.

c.g

58

102

Total Area of flexural steel


c.g of steel from bottom
Design Shear force (kN)
Effective Depth
Web width
=
Constant 'K'

1+Sqrt (200/d) < = 2.0

% age of flexure rft.

Ast/(bw.d) <= 0.02

Ast ,mm2
CG (bot)
V
d
bw
K
1
cp

VRd.c min

(Vmin + 0.15 cp )bw * d

VRd.c

=
=

[0.12K (80p1.fck)^0.33 + 0.15cp] bw .d

Criteria

Vrdc < Design Shear Force

Shear Reinforcement :
Type

Vertical

Spacing
90

Shear Rft

dia

200

legs
12

Asw
2

Shear Capacity
VRd.s
(deg)
Cot
z

VRd max
22.000
2.472
1278.00

(deg)
Tan
z
v1
cw

VRd.s

1786.58

VRd.max

VRd (min)

22.0
0.404
1278.000
0.600
1.000
1667.180

1667.18

226.19

Checks for % age steel , Max Spacing & Shear Capacity


% age steel
min
provided
Status

Spacing

0.00085
0.00283
OK

smax
sprovided
Status

Shear acapcity.
663.78 Design SF
200 VRd
OK

Status

1787.75
1667.2
Unsafe

CHAPTER - 10
Design of cross girders

9.0

m
m
m
m
m

3.75
3.0
1.5
0.4

Continuous
3.75
0.3
3.45
2.50
Normal
1.2

m
m
m
m
m

1.5
0.75
1.75

s due to all loads except


distributed load.Also the
resultant forces obtained

R4

Total (factored)
+
860.20
889.30
1203.70
1174.60
1203.7 kNm
-142.9 kNm

Total (factored)
+
0.0
484.3
157.6
1575.7
1575.7 kN
2147.6 kN

1500 mm
40 mm
M-35
Fe-500
12 mm
32 mm

1203.7 kNm
1200 mm
2305.94 mm2
2.300

0.2 D
0.3 D

side of mid depth

0.45
0.45

0.3 D

e of support after which


all be curtailed = 0.5 D

12 mm
12 mm
32 mm

-142.9 kNm
1200 mm
273.75 mm2
3
8

187.5 mm

904.32
80.00
1575.70
1420.00
400.00
1.375
0.002

0.000
168.01
168.01
Shear Rft. Reqd.

% steel
0.0028

3m
0.4 m
2.6 m
2.99 m
1.993
1048 mm

1.75

spanning between girder


r from different loads are
ve load are transversely

R4

Total
+
127
126.85
126.85

127 kNm
-163.1 kNm

Total
+
1375.75
835.25
867.7

1787.75 kN

1500 mm
40 mm
M-40
Fe-500
12 mm
32 mm

127
1048
278.58
1.733
0.2 D
0.3 D

side of mid depth

450
450

e of support after which


all be curtailed = 0.5 D

12 mm
12 mm
32 mm

-163.1 kNm
1048 mm
357.77 mm2
4
8

225.5 mm

904.3
80.00
1787.75
1420.00
400.00
1.38
0.002
0.00
168.01
168.01
Shear Rft. Reqd.

provided
0.0028

5.1 Girder without slab


a.) Section considered :

: 0.000 L=

0m

(End portion of girder)

0.800
0.15
0.064
###
1.6

1.14

0.450

0
0
0.25
0.450

Element
No.

Element
Dim

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

0.45x0.25
0x0
1.136x0.45
0.175x0.064
0.8x0.15
0.45x0
0.45x0.064
Total

Area
m2

C.G. from
bottom

A x CG

0.113
0.000
0.511
0.011
0.120
0.000
0.029

0.125
0.250
0.818
1.429
1.525
0.250
1.418

0.014
0.000
0.418
0.016
0.183
0.000
0.041

0.784

Distance of CG of T-girder from bottom


M.o.I of T-girder about its centroidal axis{AH2 + M.o.I (self )}
Distance of bottom fibre of T-girder from centroidal axis
Distance of top fibre of T-girder from centroidal axis
Section Modulus (Bottom),Zb
Section Modulus (Top),Zt

Distance (H) from


C.G of T-girder
0.733
0.608
0.040
-0.571
-0.667
0.608
-0.560

0.672

=
=
=
=
=
=

b.) Section considered :

: 0.5 L =

10.5 m

(Middle of Girder)

0.800
0.15
0.1
###
1.6

0.250

0.1
0.1
0.25
0.450

Element
No.

Element
Dim

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

0.45x0.25
0.1x0.1
1x0.25
0.275x0.1
0.8x0.15
0.25x0.1
0.25x0.1
Total

Area
m2

C.G. from
bottom

A x CG

0.113
0.010
0.250
0.028
0.120
0.025
0.025

0.125
0.283
0.850
1.417
1.525
0.300
1.400

0.014
0.003
0.213
0.039
0.183
0.008
0.035

0.570

Distance of CG of T-girder from bottom (0.672/0.784)


M.o.I of T-girder about its centroidal axis{AH2 + M.o.I (self )}
Distance of bottom fibre of T-girder from centroidal axis
Distance of top fibre of T-girder from centroidal axis
Section Modulus (Bottom),Zb
Section Modulus (Top),Zt

Distance (H) from


C.G of T-girder
0.733
0.574
0.008
-0.559
-0.667
0.558
-0.542

0.494

=
=
=
=
=
=

c.) Section considered :

(Tapered Portion of Girder)


0.800
0.15
0.15
###

1.6

0.350

0.075
0.05
0.25
0.450

Element
No.

Element
Dim

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

0.45x0.25
0.05x0.075
1x0.35
0.225x0.15
0.8x0.15
0.35x0.05
0.35x0.15
Total

Area
m2

C.G. from
bottom

A x CG

0.113
0.004
0.350
0.034
0.120
0.018
0.053

0.125
0.267
0.800
1.400
1.525
0.275
1.375

0.014
0.001
0.280
0.047
0.183
0.005
0.072

0.690

Distance of CG of T-girder from bottom (0.672/0.784)


M.o.I of T-girder about its centroidal axis{AH2 + M.o.I (self )}
Distance of bottom fibre of T-girder from centroidal axis
Distance of top fibre of T-girder from centroidal axis
Section Modulus (Bottom),Zb
Section Modulus (Top),Zt

Distance (H) from


C.G of T-girder
0.733
0.591
0.058
-0.542
-0.667
0.583
-0.517

0.602

=
=
=
=
=
=

5.2 Girder along with slab


a.) Section considered :

: 0.000 L=

0m
3
0.800

(End portion of girder)

0.06
###
1.6

0.450

0
0

0.450
Element
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

Element
Dim
0.45x 0.25
0x 0
0.45x1.136
0.175x0.064
0.8x0.15
0.45x0
0.45x0.064
3x0.225
Total

Area
m2
0.113
0.000
0.511
0.011
0.120
0.000
0.029
0.675
1.459

C.G. from
bottom

A x CG

0.125
0.250
0.818
1.429
1.525
0.250
1.418
1.713

0.014
0.000
0.418
0.016
0.183
0.000
0.041
1.156
1.828

Distance of CG of combined section from bottom (A x CG) /Area


M.o.I of combined section about its centroidal axis{AH2 + M.o.I (self )}
Distance of bottom fibre of section from centroidal axis
Distance of top fibre of slab from centroidal axis
Distance of bottom fibre of slab from centroidal axis

Distance (H) from


C.G of section
1.128
1.003
0.435
-0.175
-0.272
1.003
-0.165
-0.459

Section Modulus ( T-Bottom)

Zb

Section Modulus (T-Top)

Zt

Zst

Section Modulus (Slab Top)


First Moment of area of girder above neutral axis
First Moment of area of section above neutral axis

b.) Section considered :

: 0.5 L =

10.5 m

(Middle of Girder)

3
0.800

0.1
###
1.6

0.250

0.1
0.1

0.450
Element
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

Element
Dim
0.45x 0.25
0.1x 0.1
0.25x1
0.275x0.1
0.8x0.15
0.25x0.1
0.25x0.1
3x0.225
Total

Area
m2
0.113
0.010
0.250
0.028
0.120
0.025
0.025
0.675
1.245

C.G. from
bottom

A x CG

0.125
0.283
0.850
1.417
1.525
0.300
1.400
1.713

0.014
0.003
0.213
0.039
0.183
0.008
0.035
1.156
1.650

Distance of CG of combined section from bottom (A x CG) /Area


M.o.I of combined section about its centroidal axis{AH2 + M.o.I (self )}
Distance of bottom fibre of section from centroidal axis
Distance of top fibre of slab from centroidal axis
Distance of bottom fibre of slab from centroidal axis
Section Modulus ( T-Bottom)

Distance (H) from


C.G of section
1.200
1.042
0.475
-0.092
-0.200
1.025
-0.075
-0.387

Zb

Section Modulus (T-Top)

Zt

Section Modulus (Slab Top)


Perimetre exposed to atmosphere
First Moment of area of girder above neutral axis
First Moment of area of section above neutral axis

Zst

c.) Section considered :

(Tapered Portion of Girder)


3
0.8

0.15
###
1.6

0.350

0.075
0.05

0.450
Element
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

Element
Dim
0.45x 0.25
0.075x 0.05
0.35x1
0.225x0.15
0.8x0.15
0.35x0.05
0.35x0.15
3x0.225
Total

Area
m2
0.113
0.004
0.350
0.034
0.120
0.018
0.053
0.675
1.365

C.G. from
bottom

A x CG

0.125
0.267
0.800
1.400
1.525
0.275
1.375
1.713

0.014
0.001
0.280
0.047
0.183
0.005
0.072
1.156
1.758

Distance of CG of combined section from bottom (A x CG) /Area


M.o.I of combined section about its centroidal axis{AH2 + M.o.I (self )}
Distance of bottom fibre of section from centroidal axis
Distance of top fibre of slab from centroidal axis
Distance of bottom fibre of slab from centroidal axis

Distance (H) from


C.G of section
1.163
1.021
0.488
-0.112
-0.237
1.013
-0.087
-0.424

Section Modulus ( T-Bottom)

Zb

Section Modulus (T-Top)

Zt

Section Modulus (Slab Top)

Zst

First Moment of area of girder above neutral axis


First Moment of area of section above neutral axis

5.3 Cross Girder Properties


1.6

0.2

0.4
0.4

b
0.4
0.4
0.4
1.6
0.2

Element Dim
d
0.825
0
0
0.225
0
Total

Area
m2
0.33
0
0
0.36
0
0.69

Distance from
Bottom(Y) in m
0.4125
0.825
0.825
0.9375
0.825

AxY

m4
0.136125 0.018717
0
0
0
0
0.3375 0.001519
0
0
0.473625

Distance of CG of combined section from bottom (A x Y) /Area=


M.I of combined section about its centroidal axis{AH2 + M.I(self )} =
Distance of bottom fibre of section from centroidal axis
Distance of top fibre of slab from centroidal axis
Distance of bottom fibre of slab from centroidal axis
Section Modulus ( T-Bottom)

MI(sel

=
=
=
Zb

Section Modulus (T-Top)

Zt

Section Modulus (Slab Top)

Zst

Torsional Moment of Inertia

Ixx

Iyy

=
=
=

Weight of girder without deck


Weight of girder with deck

CHAPTER - 5
Girder Properties

of girder)

AH2
0.0604
0.0000
0.0008
0.0037
0.0535
0.0000
0.0090
0.1273

0.8576 m
0.1831 m4
0.8576 m
0.7424 m
0.2135 m3
0.2467 m3

M.o.I (self )
0.000586
0.000000
0.054975
0.000004
0.000225
0.000000
0.000010
0.05580

AH2
0.0604
0.0033
0.0000
0.0086
0.0535
0.0078
0.0074
0.1409

0.8664 m
0.1626 m4
0.8664 m
0.7336 m
0.1877 m3
0.2216 m3

M.o.I (self )
0.000586
0.000008
0.020833
0.000023
0.000225
0.000021
0.000038
0.02173

AH2
0.0604
0.0013
0.0012
0.0099
0.0535
0.0059
0.0141
0.1462

0.8729 m
0.1764 m4
0.8729 m
0.7271 m
0.2021 m3
0.2426 m3

M.o.I (self )
0.000586
0.000001
0.029167
0.000063
0.000225
0.000004
0.000127
0.03017

of girder)

0.225
0.15

1.136

0.25

AH2
0.1432
0.0000
0.0968
0.0003
0.0089
0.0000
0.0008
0.1424
0.3924

1.25 m
0.4510 m4
1.25 m
0.5718 m
0.3468 m
0.360 m3
1.300 m3

M.o.I (self )
0.000586
0.000000
0.054975
0.000003
0.000225
0.000000
0.000010
0.002848
0.05865

0.789 m3
0.043 m3
0.353 m3

0.225
0.15

0.25

AH2
0.1620
0.0109
0.0564
0.0002
0.0048
0.0263
0.0001
0.1013
0.3620

1.325 m
0.3866 m4
1.33 m
0.4999 m
0.2749 m
0.292 m3

M.o.I (self )
0.000586
0.000006
0.020833
0.000015
0.000225
0.000021
0.000021
0.002848
0.02455

1.407 m3
0.773 m3
6.32 m
0.028 m3
0.290 m3

0.225
0.15

0.25

AH2
0.1522
0.0039
0.0834
0.0004
0.0067
0.0180
0.0004
0.1216
0.3866

1.29 m
0.4196 m4
1.29 m
0.5369 m
0.3119 m

M.o.I (self )
0.000586
0.000001
0.029167
0.000042
0.000225
0.000004
0.000098
0.002848
0.03297

0.326 m3
1.345 m3
0.781 m3
0.037 m3
0.323 m3

0.225
0
0
1.05
0.825

H
MI(self) + AH2
(m)
m4
0.2739
0.0434765448
-0.1386
0
-0.1386
0
-0.2511
0.0242148275
-0.1386
0
0.0676913723

0.686 m
0.068 m4
0.686 m
0.364 m
0.139 m
0.099 m3

0.488 m3
0.186 m3
0.0812 m4
8.25 kN/m
17.25 kN/m

Design of c
10.1 General Design Data
Total length of cross girder
Distance between jacks
C/C distance b/w main girders
Overall depth of cross girder
Width of cross girder

9m
3.5 m
3m
1.65 m
0.4 m

10.2 Jacking condition

Support Conditions
Effective span of cross girder
Dia of jacks
Clear length of girder
Effective span to overall depth
Type of beam
Lever Arm, z
z = 0.2( l +2d )

1.00

=
=
=
=
=
=

Continuous
3.5 m
0.3 m
3.2 m
2.12
Deep
1.195 m

1.5

1.50

1.75
3

Fig 1

10.2.1 Staad Modelling


The cross girder shall be designed as a continuous beam with reactions
on girders due to all loads except live load ,acting as point load along with
cross girder self weight acting as uniformly distributed load.Also the jack
locations are modelled as pinned supports in staad( as shown in Fig 2).
The resultant forces obtained after staad analysis are tabulated for which
the cross girder shall be designed
R1

R2

1.00

R3

3.50

3.50

Factored Reaction summary due to self weight and sidl


Load
R1
R2
R3
SW
474.7383
475.6185
522.15705
SIDL
339.1065
-369.03195
425.93985
WC
72.422
68.76625
93.98375
Total
886.2668
175.3528 1042.08065
Self weight of cross girder
Width
Height
Area
Density
0.4
1.65
0.66
25

Sno.
1
2
3

Sno.
1

R4
522.45
416.3913
0
938.8413
UDL
22.275

10.2.2 Results obtained after Staad analysis

Beam
1
2
3
4

B M(kN/m)
DL+SIDL
Self Weight of Cgirder
+
0.00
11.10
0.00
-14.90
28.40
-37.00
-14.90
28.40
-498.90
0.00
11.10
0.00

Design Hogging moment


Design Sagging moment

Beam
1
2
3
4

=
=

Total (factored)
+
886.30
0.00
886.30
-51.90
938.80
-513.80
938.80
0.00

967.2 kNm
-513.8 kNm

Shear Force(kN)
SIDL+DL
Total
Self Weight of Cgirder
+
+
-22.3
0.0
-886.0
0.0
-908.3
-43.9
34.1
0.0
339.0
-43.9
-34.1
43.9
-725.5
316.6
-759.6
-22.3
0.0
-938.8
0.0
-961.1

Design Shear force


Maximum jacking force required =

961.1 kN
1720.6 kN

10.2.3 Design for hogging moment


Total Depth of Cross Girder
=
Clear cover
=
Grade of concrete
=
Grade of reinforcement
=
Dia of bar for flexure
=
Dia of bar for shear
=
Spacing b/w layers of flex bars=

1650 mm
40 mm
M-35
Fe-500
16 mm
12 mm
32 mm

As per Cl:29.3.2 IS456-2000, negative reinforcement is calculated below and


the zones as per the code are also considered.
Design Moment Mu
Lever Arm , z
Ast required ,

967.2 kNm
1195 mm
Mu

1860.63 mm2

(0.87 fy z)
Spanclear

Doverall

3.2

1.939

1.65

Zone 1
Since clear span to overall depth ratio is more than 1
Depth of zone , 0.2D
=
330

mm

(from Tension Face)


IS 456:2000 Cl-29.3.2

Required Ast in this zone ,Ast z 1


Total no of

16mm bars required=

1339.0870179 mm2

IS 456:2000 Cl-29.3.2

Ast z 1

Ast of 1 bar
No. of Bars provided
Layer No.T
1
2

Diametre
16
16

=
No of bar

c/c spacing bw bars


4
93.33 mm
4
93.33 mm
Total Ast provided =

Check

Criteria
Status

Zone 1 = 0.2 D
0.33 m

Ast provided

8
Ast provided
804.247719
804.247719
1608.49544
>
OK

1.65

Zone 2
Depth of zone , 0.3D on either side of mid depth
Required Ast in this zone ,Ast z 2

Dia of bar in this zone


Total no of

Ast z 2

12mm bars required=

495
521.54 mm2
12 mm
=

IS 456:2000 Cl-29.3.2
5

Ast of 1 bar
No. of Bars provided
Layer No.T
1
2

Diametre
12
12

No of bar

c/c spacing bw bars


3
140.00 mm
3
140.00 mm
Total Ast provided =

Check

Criteria
Status

Ast provided

6
Ast provided
339.292007
339.292007
678.584013
>

D/2
0.495 m
0.495 m

10.2.4 Design for sagging moment


Total Depth of Cross Girder
=
Clear cover
=
Grade of concrete
=
Grade of reinforcement
=
Dia of bar for flexure
=
Dia of bar for shear
=
Spacing b/w layers of flex bars=

1650 mm
40 mm
M-35
Fe-500
16 mm
10 mm
32 mm

As per Cl:29.3.1 IS456-2000, positive reinforcement is calculated below and


the zones as per the code are also considered.
Design Moment Mu
-513.8 kNm
Lever Arm , z
Ast required ,

1195 mm
Mu
(0.87 fy z)

Total no of

988.41 mm2

OK

16mm bars required=


No. of Bars provided=

5
8

Zone 1
Depth of tensile zone for reinforcement as per Cl:29.3.1 IS 456:2000 is given by
0.25D-0.05l
=
237.5
mm
(adjacent to the tension fac
Layer No.B
1
2

Diametre
16
16

No of bar

c/c spacing bw bars


4
93.33 mm
4
93.33 mm
Total Ast provided =

Check

(0.25D-0.05l )

Criteria
Status

Ast provided

Ast provided
804.247719
804.247719
1608.49544
>
OK

Tensile
zone

237.5

10.2.5 Side face reinforcement

Area of steel required


Dia provided
Spacing provided
Area of steel provided

Vertical Reinforcement
0.12%bL
480
16
150
1406.72

mm
mm
mm
mm2 /m
2

Horizontal Reinforcement
0.20%bL

Since width of cross beam is greater than 200 mm,the vertical and horizontal
reinforcement shall be provided in two grids one near each face as per Cl-32.5.1
IS 456:2000
Area of steel on 1 face
Thus spacing on each
face

703.36
300

mm2 /m
mm

16mm dia @300mm


on each face

Hence provide

CHECKS
Vertical Reinforcement
Max Dia of bar
Dia Provided
Status
Max Spacing
Spacing provided
Status

16
16

Horizontal Reinforcement
mm
mm

OK
Sv<3b & Sv < 450 mm<=450mm
300
mm
OK

16
16

OK
Sv<3b & Sv < 450 mm<=4
300
OK

480
1406.72

Req area of steel


Area of steel provided
Status

800
1339.733333
OK

mm2
mm2 /m
OK

10.2.6 Design for shear force


Bottom
1
2
Ast ,mm2

Dia
16
16

No.

CG
4
4

60
108
1607.7
84.00
961.10
1566.00
400.00
1.36

CG (bot)
Shear(kN)
Eff Depth
Web wid
K
1

0.00

cp

0.00

VRd.c min

181.68

VRd.c

195.60
REQ

CHECK
Area of shear reinforcement (assumed)
Type

Spacing
Shear RI dia
No. of Leg
Asw
provided

Calculation of
(deg)
Cot
z

157.08

VRd.s
22.000
2.472
1409.400

CHECKS

1368.246
Calculation of

Tan
v1
z
VRd.max

10
2
0.0020

VRd.s

cw

Vertical
90
200

VRd.max
0.404
0.600
1.000
1409.400
1838.594

1
min
provided
Status
2
smax

sprovided
Calculation of VRd = min( VRd.s & VRd.max)

Status
3

VRd.s

1368.25

VRd.max

1838.59

VRd

Max SF
VRd

1368.25

Status

10.3 Service condition


Main Girder spacing
Width of bearing
Clear Span
Effective Span
Effective span
overall depth

3m
0.4 m
2.6 m
2.99 m

Lever Arm , z

1.812

1.75
3

Fig 3
10.3.1 Staad Modelling

In case of service condition ,the crossgirder is modelled as a continuous beam spanning betwee
girder locations.The selfweight of cross girder acts as UDL and the reactions at each girder fro
different loads are applied as point load at various girder locations .Also various combinations of liv
load are transversely moved to produce maximum stress resultants
R1

R2

R3

Fig 4

Sno.

Factored reaction summary due to self weight and sidl


Load
R1
R2
R3

R4

1
2
3
4

Sno.
1

SW
SIDL
WC
LL
Total
Width
0.4

474.7383
475.6185
522.15705
522.45
339.1065
-369.03195
425.93985
416.3913
72.422
68.76625
93.98375
0
70 R bogie , 2 lane class A moved transversly
886.2668
175.3528 1042.08065
938.8413
Factored self weight of cross girder
Height
Area
Density
UDL
1.65
0.66
25
22.275

Loading Diagram due to DL + SIDL reactions of longitudnal girders

Loading Diagram due to self weight of cross girder

Loading Diagram due to 2 lane Class -A for transverse analysis

Loading Diagram due to 70 R Bogie for transverse analysis

10.3.2 Results obtained after Staad analysis

Beam Self Weight of Cgirder


+
-16.7
1
-6.6
2
-16.7
3

Design Hogging moment


Design Sagging moment

B M(kN/m)
DL+SIDL+LL
+
18.5
-93.4
72.5
18.5
-71.3
72.5
18.5
-94.8
72.2

=
=

Total
-110.1
-77.9
-111.5

91 kNm
-111.5 kNm

Bending moment results due to 70 R Bogie

Bending moment results due to 2 Lane Class A


Thus it can be seen that 70 R Bogie produces more bending moment than 2 Lane Class -A

Bending moment results due to self weight of cross girder

Beam Self Weight of Cgirder


+
-39.6
1
-33.4
2
-27.2
3

Design Shear force=

Shear Force(kN)
SIDL+LL+DL
+
27.2
-206.6
1077
33.4
-193.1
1209.3
39.6
-1122.2
1209.3

Total
-223.3
-199.7
-1138.9

1227.8 kN

Shear Force results due to 70 R Bogie

Shear Force results due to 2-Lane Class A


Thus it can be seen that 70 R Bogie produces more shear force than 2 Lane Class -A

Shear Force results due to self weight of cross girder

Shear Force results due to DL + SIDL reactions of longitudnal girders


10.3.3 Design for hogging moment
Total Depth of Cross Girder

1650 mm

Clear cover
Grade of concrete

=
=

Grade of reinforcement

40 mm
M-40

Fe-500

Dia of bar for flexure


Dia of bar for shear
=
Spacing b/w layers of flex bars

16 mm
12 mm
32 mm

As per Cl:29.3.2 IS456-2000, negative reinforcement is calculated below and


the zones as per the code are also considered.
Design Moment Mu
Ast required ,

91 kNm
Mu

191.40 mm2

(0.87 fy z)
Spanclear

Doverall

2.6

1.576

1.65

Zone 1
Since clear span to overall depth ratio is more than 1
Depth of zone , 0.2D
=
330

mm

(from Tension Face)


IS 456:2000 Cl-29.3.2

Required Ast in this zone ,Ast z 1


Total no of

16mm bars required=

102.94763899 mm2
Ast z 1
=

IS 456:2000 Cl-29.3.2

Ast of 1 bar
No. of Bars provided
Layer No.T
1
2

Diametre
16
16

=
No of bar

Check

c/c spacing bw bars


2
280.00 mm
0
- - mm
Total Ast provided =
Criteria
Status

Ast provided

2
Ast provided
402.1238597
0
402.1238597
>
OK

Zone 2
Depth of zone , 0.3D on either side of mid depth
Required Ast in this zone ,Ast z 2

Dia of bar in this zone


Total no of

12mm bars required=

Ast z 2

495
88.45 mm2
12 mm
=

IS 456:2000 Cl-29.3.2
1

Ast of 1 bar
No. of Bars provided
Layer No.T

Diametre

=
No of bar

c/c spacing bw bars

2
Ast provided

1
2

12
12

2
0

Check

280.00 mm
- - mm
Total Ast provided =
Ast provided
Criteria

226.1946711
0
226.1946711
>

Status

OK

Distance from the face of support after which 50% negative steel
shall be curtailed =
825
mm
0.5 D =
10.3.4 Design for sagging moment
As per Cl:29.3.1 IS456-2000, positive reinforcement is calculated below and
the zones as per the code are also considered.
Design Moment Mu
Lever Arm , z
Ast required ,
Total no of

-111.5 kNm
1093 mm
Mu

234.51 mm2

(0.87 fy z)
16mm bars required=
No. of Bars provided=

2
4

Zone 1
Depth of tensile zone for reinforcement as per Cl:29.3.1 IS 456:2000 is given by
0.25D-0.05l =
263
mm
(adjacent to the tension fac
Layer No.B
1
2

Diametre
16
16

No of bar

Check

(0.25D-0.05l )

263

c/c spacing bw bars


2
280.00 mm
2
280.00 mm
A
provided
=
Total st
Criteria
Status

Ast provided

Ast provided
402.1238597
402.1238597
804.2477193
>
OK

Tensile
zone

10.3.5 Side face reinforcement

Area of steel required


Dia provided
Spacing provided
Area of steel provided

Vertical Reinforcement
0.12%bL
480
16
150
1406.72

mm2
mm
mm
mm2 /m

Horizontal Reinforcement
0.20%bL

Since width of cross beam is greater than 200 mm,the vertical and horizontal reinforcement shall b
grids one near each face as per IS 456:2000 Cl-32.5.1
Area of steel on 1 face
Thus spacing on each
face

703.36
300

mm2 /m
mm

16mm dia @300mm


on each face

Hence provide

CHECKS
Vertical Reinforcement
16
16

Max Dia of bar


Dia Provided
Status
Max Spacing
Spacing provided
Status
Req area of steel
Area of steel provided
Status

Horizontal Reinforcement
mm
mm

16
16

OK
Sv<3b & Sv < 450 mm<=450mm
300
mm
OK
480
mm2
1406.72
mm2 /m
OK

10.3.6 Design for shear force


Bottom
1
2

Dia
16
16

Ast ,mm2
CG (bot)
Shear(kN)
Eff Depth
Web wid
K
1
cp

No.
2
2

CG
60
108
803.8
84.00
1227.80
1566.00
400.00
1.36
0.001
0.00

VRd.c min

181.68

VRd.c

181.68
REQ

CHECK

Area of shear reinforcement (assumed)


Type

Spacing
Shear RI dia
No. of Leg
Asw

Vertical
90
150
10
2
157.08

OK
Sv<3b & Sv < 450 mm<=4
300
OK
800
1339.733333
OK

provided

Calculation of
(deg)
Cot
z

0.0026

VRd.s
22.000
2.472
1409.400

VRd.s

CHECKS

1824.328
Calculation of

VRd.max

Tan
v1
cw
z
VRd.max

1
0.404
0.600
1.000
1409.400
1838.594

min
provided
Status
2
smax
sprovided

Calculation of VRd = min( VRd.s & VRd.max)

Status
3

VRd.s

1824.33

VRd.max

1838.59

VRd

1824.33

Design SF
VRd
Status

CHAPTER - 10
Design of cross girders

Reference
Cl 29
IS:456:2000

1.65
1.00
1.75

R4

1.00

tal (factored)
+
897.40
914.70
967.20
949.90

+
0.0
373.1
360.5
0.0

om Tension Face)

456:2000 Cl-29.3.2

456:2000 Cl-29.3.2

mm2
mm2
mm2
Ast required
OK

mm
456:2000 Cl-29.3.2

mm2
mm2
mm2
Ast required
OK

cent to the tension face)

mm2
mm2
mm2
Ast required
OK

orizontal Reinforcement
800
16
150
1339.733333

mm2
mm
mm
mm2 /m

669.8666667 mm2 /m
300
mm
16mm dia @300mm
on each face

orizontal Reinforcement
mm
mm

OK
<3b & Sv < 450 mm<=450mm
mm
OK

mm2
mm2 /m
OK

CHECKS
Area
0.00085
0.00196
OK
Spacing
460.96

200
OK
Capacity of section
961.10
1368.2
OK

1093 mm

1.65

1.75

eam spanning between


ons at each girder from
ous combinations of live

R4

Total

Lane Class -A

+
91
91
90.7

Class -A

Total
+
1095.5
1227.8
1227.8

om Tension Face)

456:2000 Cl-29.3.2

456:2000 Cl-29.3.2

mm2
mm2
mm2
Ast required
OK

mm
456:2000 Cl-29.3.2

mm2
mm2
mm2
Ast required
OK

cent to the tension face)

mm2
mm2
mm2
Ast required
OK

orizontal Reinforcement
800
16
150
1339.733333

mm2
mm
mm
mm2 /m

reinforcement shall be provided in two

669.8666667 mm2 /m
300
mm
16mm dia @300mm
on each face

orizontal Reinforcement
mm
mm

OK
<3b & Sv < 450 mm<=450mm
mm
OK
mm2
mm2 /m
OK

CHECKS
Area
0.00085
0.00262
OK
Spacing
460.96
150
OK
Capacity
Design SF

1227.80
1824.3
OK

Tempera
11.1 Temperature Stresses
a.) Thermal stresses due to temperature rise at 0.5L for girder(G1 & G4)
Temperature stress at fibre due to rise in temperature is,
+ .t.E
- F
- M * Y
A
I

An
tn
yn

E
I

F =

E ( An.tn)

M =

E ( An.tn.yn)

Area of nth zone


temperature of nth zone(at zone CG)
CG of nth zone from NA
Co-efficient of thermal Expansion
Elastic Modulus of concrete
Moment of Inertia

17.8
0.15
0.25

1.35

0.15

2.1

For positive temperature difference


h1 = 0.3h < 0.15m
=
0.15
h2 = 0.3h > 0.10m and < 0.25m
=
0.25
h3 = 0.3h < 0.15m
=

0.15

1.20E-05
32000

From Girder Property


Zone
units
Deck

b
m

D
m

An

tn

m2

3.00

0.23

0.68

7.45

5.03

0.44

0.90
0.00
0.00

0.15
0.00
0.00

0.14
0.00
0.00

1.60
0.40
0.40

0.22
0.00
0.00

0.37
0.00
0.00

0.30

1.13

0.34

0.00

0.00

0.22

0.15
0.30
0.60

0.15
0.15
0.25

0.02
0.05
0.15
1.37

0.00
0.00
0.35

0.00
0.00
0.01
5.25

0.96
0.93
1.13

An.tn

yn

Below Deck

Web

Bot Flange

total
F =

Stress
at section
from top
0.00
0.23
0.38
1.50
1.90
0.60

1477.662 kN/m2

907.90 kNm

M =

Ixx

E ( An.tn)
E ( An.tn.yn)

0.53 m4

Dist from

NA (y)
0.60
0.37
0.22
-0.90
-1.30
0.00

C
17.80
2.80
0.40
0.00
2.10
0.00

- F
A
kN/m2
-1477.66
-1477.66
-1477.66
-1477.66
-1477.66
-1477.66

-M.y
Ixx

.t.E

Temp

kN/m2
-1022.62
-637.19
-380.24
1546.91
2232.12
0.00

kN/m2
6835.20
1075.20
153.60
0.00
806.40
0.00

Stress
N/mm2
4.33
-1.04
-1.70
0.07
1.56
-1.48

b.) Thermal stresses due to temperature fall at 0.5L for girder(G1 & G4)
Temperature stress at fibre due to rise in temperature is,
where

An of nth zone
Area
tn
temperature
of nth zone(at zone CG)
y
CGn of nth zone from NA
Co-efficient
of thermal Expansion

Elastic
Modulus of concrete
E

-10.6

For reverse temperature diff

0.25
-0.7

h1 = h4 = 0.2h < 0.25m


h2 = h3 = 0.25h < 0.25m

0.25
0.9
0.25

-0.8
-6.6

Zone

0.25

b
m

D
m

An

tn

3.00

0.23

0.68

-6.15

-4.15

0.44

0.90
0.00
0.00

0.15
0.00
0.00

0.14
0.00
0.00

-0.56
-0.35
-0.35

-0.08
0.00
0.00

0.37
0.00
0.00

0.30

1.13

0.34

0.00

0.00

0.22

0.15
0.30
0.60

0.15
0.15
0.25

0.02
0.05
0.15
1.37

-3.76
-3.76
-3.70

-0.08
-0.17
-0.56
-5.03

0.96
0.93
1.13

An.tn

yn

Deck
Below Deck

Web

Bot Flange

total

=
=

Stress
at section
from top
0.00
0.23
0.38
1.50
1.90
0.60

Dist from

NA (y)
0.60
0.37
0.22
-0.90
-1.30
0.00

C
-10.60
-1.69
-0.35
-0.32
-6.60
0.00

-1415.67297 kN/m2
-1048.87 kNm

- F
A
kN/m2
1415.67
1415.67
1415.67
1415.67
1415.67
1415.67

-M.y
Ixx

.t.E

Temp

kN/m2
1181.40
736.13
439.28
-1787.10
-2578.70
0.00

kN/m2
-4070.40
-648.96
-134.40
-122.88
-2534.40
0.00

Stress
N/mm2
-1.47
1.50
1.72
-0.49
-3.70
1.42

CHAPTER - 11
Temperature Stresses

per deg C
MPa

An.tn.yn
2.23
0.08
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.06
2.36

remarks
C
T
T
C
C
T

For reverse temperature difference


0.25
0.25

An.tn.yn
-1.84
-0.03
0.00
0.00
0.00

-0.08
-0.16
-0.63
-2.73

remarks
T
C
C
T
T
C

Shri
12.1 Shrinkage Stress Calculation for outer girder (G 1)
Strain in Slab on day
Strain in Girder on day

10
28
Input data

CG of composite section from bottom


CG of insitu section from bottom
DS
Differntial Shrinkage Strain
eDS
A
Aslab
uis

Lever Arm
Area of composite section
Area of concrete in slab
Perimetre of slab in contact with env

2A/uis

Notional Size
Atmospheric Condition
(RH = 50 )

Final Creep coeffecient

Creep reduction factor


Ec
Elastic Modulus
FDS

Restraining Force

MDS

Restraining Force x Lever Arm


1. Internal Stresses:
Slab top
Restraining stresses
Slab bot
Beam bot
2. Axial Release:
Slab top
Axial stress

3.0E-04
1.9E-04

0L

Section Considered
L/4
0
5.25
1.25
1.29

L/2
10.5
1.33

1.7125

1.7125

1.7125

-0.00011

-0.00011

-0.00011

0.4593
1.4587

0.4244
1.365

0.3874
1.245

0.675

0.675

0.675

5.2

5.2

5.2

0.561038462
Dry
dry
4.6
0.215

0.525 0.478846154
dry
4.6
4.6
0.215
0.215

32000000

32000000

32000000

-510.84

-510.84

-510.84

-234.643441 -216.802929 -197.882114


-756.8
-756.8
0

-756.8
-756.8
0

-756.8
-756.8
0

350.20

374.24

410.31

Slab bot
Beam bot
3. Calculations regarding Moment Release:
Zbeam bot

350.20
350.20

374.24
374.24

410.31
410.31

0.35993

0.32571

0.29175

Zslabbottom

1.30049

1.34512

1.40652

Zslabtop

0.78878

0.78142

0.77342

Moment Release at:


MDS / Zslabtop
Slab top
Slab bot

297.4753963 277.4459353 255.8549059

MDS / Zslabbottom

180.4264068 161.1770179 140.6893641

MDS / Zbeambot

-651.921963 -665.624173 -678.2656

Beam bot
4.Shrinkage Stresses at
Top Of Slab
Bottom Of slab
Bottom Of beam

-109.12
-226.17
-301.72

-105.11
-221.38
-291.38

-90.63
-205.80
-267.95

12.2 Graphical Representation of Shrinkage Stresses for outer girder (G 1)

Section Considered
L/4
5.25

0L
0
-756.8

-756.8

-756.8

-756.8

-756.8

-756.8

RESTRAINED

RESTRAINED

350.20

374.24

350.20

374.24

374.24
350.20

AXIAL
RELEASE

AXIAL
RELEASE

297.48

277.4

180.4

161.2

-651.9

-665.6
MOMENT RELEASE

-678.27

MOMENT RELEASE

-109.1

-105.11
530.6

-226.171358

535.4
-221.4

-301.7

-291.38
SHRINKAGE STRESS

SHRINKAGE STRESS

CHAPTER - 12
Shrinkage Stresses

Units
m
m
--m
m2
m2
m
m
Table 6.9
Eq 7.5 IRC 112

kN/m

kN
kNm
kN/m2
kN/m2
kN/m2
kN/m2
kN/m2
kN/m2
m3
m3
m3

kN/m2
kN/m2
kN/m2
kN/m2
kN/m2
kN/m2

Section Considered
L/2
10.5

RESTRAINED

410.3
410.31

410.31
AXIAL
RELEASE

255.9
140.7

MOMENT RELEASE

-90.63
551.0
-205.80

-267.95
SHRINKAGE STRESS

Limit Sta
12.1 Deflection
Deflection check can be broadly classified into following two cases :i. Due to vehicular live load
ii. Due to sustained loading
a.Short term deflection
b.Deflection due to creep
c.Deflection due to shrinkage

For a simply supported beam , maximum deflection is given as 5 ML2/48EI


Where M = Design bending moment after applying suitable factors as per SLS
For deflection due to vehicular live load ,it is bending moment due to live load alone.Simila
sustained load ,this is equal to the sum of bending moments due to DL and SIDL, mult
factors
as per SLS
L=Length of the girder i.e. distance between bearings
E=Modulus of elasticity of concrete.
For calculation of deflection due to creep E = Ec,eff=Ec / (1+).

I=Moment of inertia of section


For deflection due to sustained loading cracked moment of inertia (equal to 70% of I) s
calculating moment of inertia, the section to be considered is the combined section o
half the span.
Creep coefficient
Relative humidity

Pg 47 table 6.9 IRC 112

Modulus of elasticity of steel

N/mm2

R.H
Es

Modulus of elasticity of concrete.

N/mm2

Ec

Eff Modulus of elasticity of conc


Effective modular ratio
Autogenous shrinkage strain
Drying shrinkage strain
Final drying shrinkage strain
First moment of area of the reinf
about the centroid of the section
Moment of inertia of section

N/mm2

Ec,eff

Pg 45 table 6.6 IRC 112.


Pg 46 table 6.8 IRC 112.

ca
cd'
cd
S
I
Icrack

Cracked moment of inertia


Area of crosssection
Perimetre exposed to atmosphere

Ac
mm

u
ho

Pg 45 table 6.7 IRC 112

kh,RH=50

(for simply supported)

k3 =

Notional size
Coefficient based on notional size

Deflection due
to

1.VehicleLL
2.DL
a)Short term
b)Creep
i.aicc(perm)

Icrack

kN m

N/mm2

mm4

mm

2342

21

32000

3.710E+11

9.06

2957

21

32000

3.710E+11

11.44

2957

21

13734

3.710E+11

26.66

3.710E+11

11.44

ii.ai(perm)

2957

iii.acc(perm)
c)Shrinkage

21
aicc(perm) - ai(perm)

32000

Deflection due to shrinkage is given by


Total Deflection due to sustained loads

15.22

k3 cs L2

8.64
35.30

12.2 Stress check


Permissible stresses in concrete
Permissible stresses in steel
Description

=
=

16.8 N/mm2
400 N/mm2

0.48 * fck
0.8* fy
Units

L/2

kN-m

4911.5

Available effective depth

deff

mm

1751.0

Depth of neutral axis

Xu

mm

148.1

Distance of top fibre from NA

Ytop

mm

148.1

Distance of CG of RI from NA
At top of slab

Ybottom

mm

1602.9

1.Due to design moment

slab top M

N/mm2

1.96

2.Due to temperatue rise

slab top Tr

N/mm

4.33

3.Due to temperatue fall

slab top Tf

N/mm

-1.47

4.Due to Shrinkage

slab top Sh

N/mm2

0.00

Design sagging moment

Symbol
Msls

Combination
(1+2)
Combination
(1+3)
Combination
(1+4)
Combination
( only 1)
Check
At level of extreme reinforcement

6.30
0.49
1.96
1.96
OK

1.Due to design moment

extreme reinf M

21.22

2.Due to temperatue rise

extreme reinf Tr

1.56

3.Due to temperatue fall

extreme reinf Tf

-3.70

4.Due to Shrinkage

extreme reinf Sh

0.00

Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination

(1+2)
(1+3)
(1+4)
( only 1)

22.78
17.52
21.22
21.22

Check

OK

CHAPTER - 12
Limit State of Servicibilty

ad ,it is bending moment due to live load alone.Similarly for deflection due to
sum of bending moments due to DL and SIDL, multiplied by corresponding

ing cracked moment of inertia (equal to 70% of I) shall be considered.For


ection to be considered is the combined section of girder with the slab at

1.33
50
200000
32000
13734
14.6
0.000045
0.000489
0.000355
1.43E+07
5.30E+11
3.71E+11
1320000
6995.1
377.4
0.725
0.125

Max Limit
mm

Check

26.25

OK

35.0

precamber

L/4

L/8

3500.0

1900.0

1767.6

1772.8

129.6

120.3

129.6

120.3

1638.0

1652.5

1.22

0.62

4.33

4.33

-1.47

-1.47

0.00

0.00

5.56
-0.25
1.22
1.22

4.95
-0.86
0.62
0.62

OK

OK

15.45

8.46

1.56

1.56

-3.70

-3.70

0.00

0.00

17.01
11.76
15.45
15.45

10.02
4.77
8.46
8.46

OK

OK

12.3 Crack Width

Layer No
From
Bottom

Dia

1
2
3
4
5
6

32
32
32
32
32
32

L/8
2.625
No.
5
5
3
0
0
0

CG
73.0
137.0
201.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

Section Considered
L/4
5.25
Dia
No.
32
32
32
32
32
32

5
5
4
0
0
0

CG

Dia

73.0
137.0
201.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

32
32
32
32
32
32

Ast

mm2

10455.2

11259.5

CG (bot)
bw

mm

127.2

132.4

mm
mm
mm
mm

300.0
1900.0
1772.8
120.3

300.0
1900.0
1772.8
129.6

32

32

8.46

15.45

Total D
Eff Depth
NA depth

mm
MPa
hc,eff

mm

317.88

317.88

Ac,eff

mm

190731
0.05

190731
0.06

252.24

245.15

Sr,max
fct,eff

MPa

sm -cm

2.80
0.0000

2.80
0.0000

Wk

mm

0.01

0.01

Limit W k

mm

0.30

0.30

OK

OK

Status

L/2
10.5
No.
5
5
4
2
0
0

CG
73.0
137.0
201.0
265.0
0.0
0.0
12868.0
149.0
300.0
1900.0
1772.8
148.1

32
21.22
317.88
190731
0.07
233.63
2.80
0.0001
0.01
0.30

OK

CHAPTER - 5

Interface shear check


5.1

General

The shear stress that arises between the interfaces of concrete placed at
different times is reffered to as interface shear.The interface shear is
resisted by friction at the interface and by the reinforcement placed
across the shear plane.The interface shear stress should satisfy the
following
VEDi
VEDi

VRDi

= VEd /zbi , interface shear stress

where ,
= Ratio of longitudnal force in new concrete to total
longitudnal force.
VEd = Transverse shear force
z
= Lever arm = 0.9 times effective depth for RC section as
per IRC 112-2011
bi = width of the interface = top flange width of girder
VRDi =

,Resisting capacity of the section

where ,

,where ds is depth of slab


,where As is the area of shear reinforcement crossing the joint
Aj is the interface area of the joint
= (bi) (effective length considered)

fcd

Design value of concrete strength in compression

fyd

Design tensile strength of flexure reinforcement

Angle of reinforcement to the interface


Reduction factor for concrete cracked in shear
0.6(1-fck/310) as per Eq 10.6 of IRC 112 -2011

The transverse shear force due to various loadings is also required to calculate

VSIDL + VLL
VSIDL + VLL + Vdeck + Vgirder

VSIDL-1

Factored Shear due to SIDL except wearing course

VSIDL-2

Factored Shear due to wearing course only


Factored Shear due to total SIDL=VSIDL-1+ VSIDL-2

VSIDL
VLL

Factored Shear due to live load

Vdeck

Factored Shear due to deck dead load

Vgirder

Factored Shear due to girder dead load

Leff

Effective length is considered as 1000 mm

5.2 Interface Shear Check for:


a.) For outer girder
SECTION
Input
data

Deff

L/8

L/4

L/2

0
1.77
2.625
5.250
CALCULATION OF INTERFACE SHEAR STRESS VEDi

10.500

Vdeck

kN

280

123

280

123

123

VSIDL-1

kN

116

95

116

95

95

VSIDL-2

kN

51

42

51

42

42

VLL

kN

234

442

233

444

222

VEd

kN

681

702

680

704

482

Vgirder

kN

324
442
344
53
0.40
0.51
0.39
0.77
1595.5615 1595.562 1595.562 1590.814

532
0.35
1575.9

z
bi

mm
mm

VEDi

N/mm2

900

900

900

0.189221 0.247419 0.184975

900

900

0.37739 0.120318

SECTION
Input
data

Deff

L/8

L/4

L/2

0
0.00
2.625
5.250
Calculation of Resisting capacity of the section VRdi

10.500

kN
mm
mm

0.7
681
900
225

0.7
702
900
225

0.7
680
900
225

0.7
704
900
225

0.7
482
900
225

N/mm2

3.36

3.47

3.36

3.48

2.38

Leff

mm

1000

1000

1000

1000

1000

Asw

mm2
mm

226.19
175

226.19
175

226.19
175

226.19
175

226.19
175

VEd

RI spacing

mm2
mm

min
STATUS

sin
cos
VRdi

N/mm2

1292.541 1292.541 1292.541 1292.541 1292.541


900000
900000
900000
900000
900000
0.0014
0.0014
0.0014
0.0014
0.0014
0.0015
0.0015
0.0015
0.0015
0.0015
CHECK
CHECK
CHECK
CHECK
CHECK
0.53
0.53
0.53
0.53
0.53
90
90
90
90
90
0.9999997
1
1
1
1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
2.792

2.864

2.788

2.871

2.104

VRdi

CHECK

2.792

VEDi

2.864

2.788

2.871

2.104

0.189221 0.247419 0.184975 0.37739 0.120318


OK
OK
OK
OK
OK

STATUS
b.) For inner girder

SECTION
Input
data

Deff

L/8

L/4

L/2

0
0.00
0.000
0.000
CALCULATION OF INTERFACE SHEAR STRESS VEDi

0.000

Vdeck

kN

280

123

280

123

123

VSIDL-1

kN

116

95

116

95

95

VSIDL-2

kN

51

42

51

42

42

VLL

kN

234

442

233

444

222

VEd

kN

681

702

680

704

482

Vgirder

kN

324
442
344
53
0.40
0.51
0.39
0.77
1595.5615 1595.562 1595.562 1590.814

532
0.35
1575.9

z
bi

mm
mm

VEDi

N/mm2

900

900

900

0.189221 0.247419 0.184975

900

900

0.37739 0.120318

SECTION
Input
data

Deff

L/8

L/4

L/2

0
0.00
0.000
0.000
Calculation of Resisting capacity of the section VRdi

0.000

kN
mm
mm

0.7
681
900
225

0.7
702
900
225

0.7
680
900
225

0.7
704
900
225

0.7
482
900
225

N/mm2

3.36

3.47

3.36

3.48

2.38

Leff

mm

1000

1000

1000

1000

1000

Asw

mm
mm

226.19
175

226.19
175

226.19
175

226.19
175

226.19
175

VEd

RI spacing

mm2
mm

min
STATUS

sin
cos
VRdi

N/mm2

1292.541 1292.541 1292.541 1292.541 1292.541


900000
900000
900000
900000
900000
0.0014
0.0014
0.0014
0.0014
0.0014
0.0015
0.0015
0.0015
0.0015
0.0015
CHECK
CHECK
CHECK
CHECK
CHECK
0.53
0.53
0.53
0.53
0.53
90
90
90
90
90
0.9999997
1
1
1
1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
2.792

2.864

2.788

2.871

2.104

CHECK

VRdi
VEDi
STATUS

2.792

2.864

2.788

2.871

2.104

0.189221 0.247419 0.184975 0.37739 0.120318


OK
OK
OK
OK
OK

CHAPTER - 5
Interface shear check

ing the joint

APPENDIX - A
Staad Input File
A.1 Staad Input File for dead load analysis of longitudnal girders
STAAD SPACE
START JOB INFORMATION
ENGINEER DATE 10-Jul-15
END JOB INFORMATION
INPUT WIDTH 79
UNIT METER KN
JOINT COORDINATES
1 0 0 0; 2 0.5 0 0; 3 1 0 0; 4 2 0 0; 5 3.5 0 0; 6 5 0 0; 7 6.5 0 0; 8 8 0 0;
9 9.5 0 0; 10 11 0 0; 11 12.5 0 0; 12 14 0 0; 13 15.5 0 0; 14 17 0 0;
15 18.5 0 0; 16 20 0 0; 17 21 0 0; 18 21.5 0 0; 19 22 0 0; 20 0 0 0.825;
21 0.5 0 0.825; 22 1 0 0.825; 23 2 0 0.825; 24 3.5 0 0.825; 25 5 0 0.825;
26 6.5 0 0.825; 27 8 0 0.825; 28 9.5 0 0.825; 29 11 0 0.825; 30 12.5 0 0.825;
31 14 0 0.825; 32 15.5 0 0.825; 33 17 0 0.825; 34 18.5 0 0.825; 35 20 0 0.825;
36 21 0 0.825; 37 21.5 0 0.825; 38 22 0 0.825; 39 0 0 1.95; 40 0.5 0 1.95;
41 1 0 1.95; 42 2 0 1.95; 43 3.5 0 1.95; 44 5 0 1.95; 45 6.5 0 1.95;
46 8 0 1.95; 47 9.5 0 1.95; 48 11 0 1.95; 49 12.5 0 1.95; 50 14 0 1.95;
51 15.5 0 1.95; 52 17 0 1.95; 53 18.5 0 1.95; 54 20 0 1.95; 55 21 0 1.95;
56 21.5 0 1.95; 57 22 0 1.95; 58 0 0 3.45; 59 0.5 0 3.45; 60 1 0 3.45;
61 2 0 3.45; 62 3.5 0 3.45; 63 5 0 3.45; 64 6.5 0 3.45; 65 8 0 3.45;
66 9.5 0 3.45; 67 11 0 3.45; 68 12.5 0 3.45; 69 14 0 3.45; 70 15.5 0 3.45;
71 17 0 3.45; 72 18.5 0 3.45; 73 20 0 3.45; 74 21 0 3.45; 75 21.5 0 3.45;
76 22 0 3.45; 77 0 0 4.95; 78 0.5 0 4.95; 79 1 0 4.95; 80 2 0 4.95;
81 3.5 0 4.95; 82 5 0 4.95; 83 6.5 0 4.95; 84 8 0 4.95; 85 9.5 0 4.95;
86 11 0 4.95; 87 12.5 0 4.95; 88 14 0 4.95; 89 15.5 0 4.95; 90 17 0 4.95;
91 18.5 0 4.95; 92 20 0 4.95; 93 21 0 4.95; 94 21.5 0 4.95; 95 22 0 4.95;
96 0 0 6.45; 97 0.5 0 6.45; 98 1 0 6.45; 99 2 0 6.45; 100 3.5 0 6.45;
101 5 0 6.45; 102 6.5 0 6.45; 103 8 0 6.45; 104 9.5 0 6.45; 105 11 0 6.45;
106 12.5 0 6.45; 107 14 0 6.45; 108 15.5 0 6.45; 109 17 0 6.45;
110 18.5 0 6.45; 111 20 0 6.45; 112 21 0 6.45; 113 21.5 0 6.45; 114 22 0 6.45;
115 0 0 7.95; 116 0.5 0 7.95; 117 1 0 7.95; 118 2 0 7.95; 119 3.5 0 7.95;
120 5 0 7.95; 121 6.5 0 7.95; 122 8 0 7.95; 123 9.5 0 7.95; 124 11 0 7.95;
125 12.5 0 7.95; 126 14 0 7.95; 127 15.5 0 7.95; 128 17 0 7.95;
129 18.5 0 7.95; 130 20 0 7.95; 131 21 0 7.95; 132 21.5 0 7.95; 133 22 0 7.95;
134 0 0 9.45; 135 0.5 0 9.45; 136 1 0 9.45; 137 2 0 9.45; 138 3.5 0 9.45;
139 5 0 9.45; 140 6.5 0 9.45; 141 8 0 9.45; 142 9.5 0 9.45; 143 11 0 9.45;
144 12.5 0 9.45; 145 14 0 9.45; 146 15.5 0 9.45; 147 17 0 9.45;
148 18.5 0 9.45; 149 20 0 9.45; 150 21 0 9.45; 151 21.5 0 9.45; 152 22 0 9.45;
153 0 0 10.95; 154 0.5 0 10.95; 155 1 0 10.95; 156 2 0 10.95; 157 3.5 0 10.95;
158 5 0 10.95; 159 6.5 0 10.95; 160 8 0 10.95; 161 9.5 0 10.95; 162 11 0 10.95;
163 12.5 0 10.95; 164 14 0 10.95; 165 15.5 0 10.95; 166 17 0 10.95;
167 18.5 0 10.95; 168 20 0 10.95; 169 21 0 10.95; 170 21.5 0 10.95;

171 22 0 10.95; 172 0 0 12.075; 173 0.5 0 12.075; 174 1 0 12.075;


175 2 0 12.075; 176 3.5 0 12.075; 177 5 0 12.075; 178 6.5 0 12.075;
179 8 0 12.075; 180 9.5 0 12.075; 181 11 0 12.075; 182 12.5 0 12.075;
183 14 0 12.075; 184 15.5 0 12.075; 185 17 0 12.075; 186 18.5 0 12.075;
187 20 0 12.075; 188 21 0 12.075; 189 21.5 0 12.075; 190 22 0 12.075;
191 0 0 12.9; 192 0.5 0 12.9; 193 1 0 12.9; 194 2 0 12.9; 195 3.5 0 12.9;
196 5 0 12.9; 197 6.5 0 12.9; 198 8 0 12.9; 199 9.5 0 12.9; 200 11 0 12.9;
201 12.5 0 12.9; 202 14 0 12.9; 203 15.5 0 12.9; 204 17 0 12.9;
205 18.5 0 12.9; 206 20 0 12.9; 207 21 0 12.9; 208 21.5 0 12.9; 209 22 0 12.9;
MEMBER INCIDENCES
1 1 2; 2 2 3; 3 3 4; 4 4 5; 5 5 6; 6 6 7; 7 7 8; 8 8 9; 9 9 10; 10 10 11;
11 11 12; 12 12 13; 13 13 14; 14 14 15; 15 15 16; 16 16 17; 17 17 18; 18 18 19;
19 20 21; 20 21 22; 21 22 23; 22 23 24; 23 24 25; 24 25 26; 25 26 27; 26 27 28;
27 28 29; 28 29 30; 29 30 31; 30 31 32; 31 32 33; 32 33 34; 33 34 35; 34 35 36;
35 36 37; 36 37 38; 37 39 40; 38 40 41; 39 41 42; 40 42 43; 41 43 44; 42 44 45;
43 45 46; 44 46 47; 45 47 48; 46 48 49; 47 49 50; 48 50 51; 49 51 52; 50 52 53;
51 53 54; 52 54 55; 53 55 56; 54 56 57; 55 58 59; 56 59 60; 57 60 61; 58 61 62;
59 62 63; 60 63 64; 61 64 65; 62 65 66; 63 66 67; 64 67 68; 65 68 69; 66 69 70;
67 70 71; 68 71 72; 69 72 73; 70 73 74; 71 74 75; 72 75 76; 73 77 78; 74 78 79;
75 79 80; 76 80 81; 77 81 82; 78 82 83; 79 83 84; 80 84 85; 81 85 86; 82 86 87;
83 87 88; 84 88 89; 85 89 90; 86 90 91; 87 91 92; 88 92 93; 89 93 94; 90 94 95;
91 96 97; 92 97 98; 93 98 99; 94 99 100; 95 100 101; 96 101 102; 97 102 103;
98 103 104; 99 104 105; 100 105 106; 101 106 107; 102 107 108; 103 108 109;
104 109 110; 105 110 111; 106 111 112; 107 112 113; 108 113 114; 109 115 116;
110 116 117; 111 117 118; 112 118 119; 113 119 120; 114 120 121; 115 121 122;
116 122 123; 117 123 124; 118 124 125; 119 125 126; 120 126 127; 121 127 128;
122 128 129; 123 129 130; 124 130 131; 125 131 132; 126 132 133; 127 134 135;
128 135 136; 129 136 137; 130 137 138; 131 138 139; 132 139 140; 133 140 141;
134 141 142; 135 142 143; 136 143 144; 137 144 145; 138 145 146; 139 146 147;
140 147 148; 141 148 149; 142 149 150; 143 150 151; 144 151 152; 145 153 154;
146 154 155; 147 155 156; 148 156 157; 149 157 158; 150 158 159; 151 159 160;
152 160 161; 153 161 162; 154 162 163; 155 163 164; 156 164 165; 157 165 166;
158 166 167; 159 167 168; 160 168 169; 161 169 170; 162 170 171; 163 172 173;
164 173 174; 165 174 175; 166 175 176; 167 176 177; 168 177 178; 169 178 179;
170 179 180; 171 180 181; 172 181 182; 173 182 183; 174 183 184; 175 184 185;
176 185 186; 177 186 187; 178 187 188; 179 188 189; 180 189 190; 181 191 192;
182 192 193; 183 193 194; 184 194 195; 185 195 196; 186 196 197; 187 197 198;
188 198 199; 189 199 200; 190 200 201; 191 201 202; 192 202 203; 193 203 204;
194 204 205; 195 205 206; 196 206 207; 197 207 208; 198 208 209; 199 1 20;
200 2 21; 201 3 22; 202 4 23; 203 5 24; 204 6 25; 205 7 26; 206 8 27; 207 9 28;
208 10 29; 209 11 30; 210 12 31; 211 13 32; 212 14 33; 213 15 34; 214 16 35;
215 17 36; 216 18 37; 217 19 38; 218 20 39; 219 21 40; 220 22 41; 221 23 42;
222 24 43; 223 25 44; 224 26 45; 225 27 46; 226 28 47; 227 29 48; 228 30 49;
229 31 50; 230 32 51; 231 33 52; 232 34 53; 233 35 54; 234 36 55; 235 37 56;
236 38 57; 237 39 58; 238 40 59; 239 41 60; 240 42 61; 241 43 62; 242 44 63;
243 45 64; 244 46 65; 245 47 66; 246 48 67; 247 49 68; 248 50 69; 249 51 70;
250 52 71; 251 53 72; 252 54 73; 253 55 74; 254 56 75; 255 57 76; 256 58 77;
257 59 78; 258 60 79; 259 61 80; 260 62 81; 261 63 82; 262 64 83; 263 65 84;

264 66 85; 265 67 86; 266 68 87; 267 69 88; 268 70 89; 269 71 90; 270 72 91;
271 73 92; 272 74 93; 273 75 94; 274 76 95; 275 77 96; 276 78 97; 277 79 98;
278 80 99; 279 81 100; 280 82 101; 281 83 102; 282 84 103; 283 85 104;
284 86 105; 285 87 106; 286 88 107; 287 89 108; 288 90 109; 289 91 110;
290 92 111; 291 93 112; 292 94 113; 293 95 114; 294 96 115; 295 97 116;
296 98 117; 297 99 118; 298 100 119; 299 101 120; 300 102 121; 301 103 122;
302 104 123; 303 105 124; 304 106 125; 305 107 126; 306 108 127; 307 109 128;
308 110 129; 309 111 130; 310 112 131; 311 113 132; 312 114 133; 313 115 134;
314 116 135; 315 117 136; 316 118 137; 317 119 138; 318 120 139; 319 121 140;
320 122 141; 321 123 142; 322 124 143; 323 125 144; 324 126 145; 325 127 146;
326 128 147; 327 129 148; 328 130 149; 329 131 150; 330 132 151; 331 133 152;
332 134 153; 333 135 154; 334 136 155; 335 137 156; 336 138 157; 337 139 158;
338 140 159; 339 141 160; 340 142 161; 341 143 162; 342 144 163; 343 145 164;
344 146 165; 345 147 166; 346 148 167; 347 149 168; 348 150 169; 349 151 170;
350 152 171; 351 153 172; 352 154 173; 353 155 174; 354 156 175; 355 157 176;
356 158 177; 357 159 178; 358 160 179; 359 161 180; 360 162 181; 361 163 182;
362 164 183; 363 165 184; 364 166 185; 365 167 186; 366 168 187; 367 169 188;
368 170 189; 369 171 190; 370 172 191; 371 173 192; 372 174 193; 373 175 194;
374 176 195; 375 177 196; 376 178 197; 377 179 198; 378 180 199; 379 181 200;
380 182 201; 381 183 202; 382 184 203; 383 185 204; 384 186 205; 385 187 206;
386 188 207; 387 189 208; 388 190 209;
DEFINE MATERIAL START
ISOTROPIC CONCRETE
E 2.17185e+007
POISSON 0.17
DENSITY 23.5616
ALPHA 1e-005
DAMP 0.05
TYPE CONCRETE
STRENGTH FCU 27579
END DEFINE MATERIAL
MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN
37 38 53 54 145 146 161 162 PRIS AX 1.85 AY 1.85 AZ 1.85 IX 0.123 IY 0.868 IZ 0.645
39 52 147 160 PRIS AX 1.658 AY 1.658 AZ 1.658 IX 0.231 IY 0.846 IZ 0.599
40 TO 51 148 TO 159 PRIS AX 1.467 AY 1.467 AZ 1.467 IX 0.159 IY 0.837 IZ 0.548
73 74 89 90 109 110 125 126 PRIS AX 1.7 AY 1.7 AZ 1.7 IX 0.131 IY 0.539 IZ 0.667
75 88 111 124 PRIS AX 1.51 AY 1.51 AZ 1.51 IX 0.044 IY 0.52 IZ 0.56
76 TO 87 112 TO 123 PRIS AX 1.32 AY 1.32 AZ 1.32 IX 0.023 IY 0.51 IZ 0.53
238 254 257 273 276 292 295 311 314 330 333 349 PRIS AX 0.6 AY 0.6 AZ 0.6 IX 0.027 IY 0.008 IZ 0.1125
MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN
200 216 219 235 352 368 371 387 PRIS AX 0.035 AY 0.035 AZ 0.035 IX 0.000137 IY 4.56e-005 IZ 0.000228667
201 TO 215 220 TO 234 353 TO 367 372 TO 385 386 PRIS AX 0.035 AY 0.035 AZ 0.035 IX 0.000137 IY 4.56e-005 IZ 0.000228667
199 217 218 236 237 255 256 274 275 293 294 312 313 331 332 350 351 369 370 -

388 PRIS AX 0.175 AY 0.175 AZ 0.175 IX 0.004 IY 0.004 IZ 0.00178646


MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN
1 TO 18 181 TO 197 198 PRIS AX 0.028125 AY 0.028125 AZ 0.028125 IX 0.000101 IY 3.66e-005 IZ 0.000118652
19 TO 36 55 TO 72 91 TO 108 127 TO 144 163 TO 179 180 PRIS AX 0.028125 AY 0.028125 AZ 0.028125 IX 0.000101 IY 3.66e-005 IZ 0.000118652
239 TO 253 258 TO 272 277 TO 291 296 TO 310 315 TO 329 334 TO 347 348 PRIS AX 0.028125 AY 0.028125 AZ 0.028125 IX 0.000101 IY 3.66e-005 IZ 0.000118652
CONSTANTS
MATERIAL CONCRETE ALL
SUPPORTS
40 56 78 94 116 132 154 170 PINNED
LOAD 1 LOADTYPE None TITLE SW
MEMBER LOAD
37 38 53 54 145 146 161 162 UNI GY -46.3
39 52 147 160 UNI GY -41.5
40 TO 51 148 TO 159 UNI GY -36.7
73 74 89 90 109 110 125 126 UNI GY -42.5
75 88 111 124 UNI GY -37.8
76 TO 87 112 TO 123 UNI GY -33
LOAD 2 LOADTYPE None TITLE SIDL(W/O WEARING COAT
MEMBER LOAD
19 TO 36 163 TO 180 UNI GY -5.63
1 TO 18 181 TO 198 UNI GY -9
LOAD 3 LOADTYPE None TITLE SIDL(WEARING COAT ONLY)
FLOOR LOAD
YRANGE 0 0 FLOAD -1.43 ZRANGE 0.825 12.075 GY
PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT ALL
FINISH

A.2 Staad Input File for live load analysis of longitudnal girders
STAAD SPACE
START JOB INFORMATION
ENGINEER DATE 10-Jul-15
END JOB INFORMATION
INPUT WIDTH 79
UNIT METER KN
JOINT COORDINATES
1 0 0 0; 2 0.5 0 0; 3 1 0 0; 4 2 0 0; 5 3.5 0 0; 6 5 0 0; 7 6.5 0 0; 8 8 0 0;
9 9.5 0 0; 10 11 0 0; 11 12.5 0 0; 12 14 0 0; 13 15.5 0 0; 14 17 0 0;
15 18.5 0 0; 16 20 0 0; 17 21 0 0; 18 21.5 0 0; 19 22 0 0; 20 0 0 0.825;
21 0.5 0 0.825; 22 1 0 0.825; 23 2 0 0.825; 24 3.5 0 0.825; 25 5 0 0.825;
26 6.5 0 0.825; 27 8 0 0.825; 28 9.5 0 0.825; 29 11 0 0.825; 30 12.5 0 0.825;
31 14 0 0.825; 32 15.5 0 0.825; 33 17 0 0.825; 34 18.5 0 0.825; 35 20 0 0.825;
36 21 0 0.825; 37 21.5 0 0.825; 38 22 0 0.825; 39 0 0 1.95; 40 0.5 0 1.95;
41 1 0 1.95; 42 2 0 1.95; 43 3.5 0 1.95; 44 5 0 1.95; 45 6.5 0 1.95;
46 8 0 1.95; 47 9.5 0 1.95; 48 11 0 1.95; 49 12.5 0 1.95; 50 14 0 1.95;
51 15.5 0 1.95; 52 17 0 1.95; 53 18.5 0 1.95; 54 20 0 1.95; 55 21 0 1.95;
56 21.5 0 1.95; 57 22 0 1.95; 58 0 0 3.45; 59 0.5 0 3.45; 60 1 0 3.45;
61 2 0 3.45; 62 3.5 0 3.45; 63 5 0 3.45; 64 6.5 0 3.45; 65 8 0 3.45;
66 9.5 0 3.45; 67 11 0 3.45; 68 12.5 0 3.45; 69 14 0 3.45; 70 15.5 0 3.45;
71 17 0 3.45; 72 18.5 0 3.45; 73 20 0 3.45; 74 21 0 3.45; 75 21.5 0 3.45;
76 22 0 3.45; 77 0 0 4.95; 78 0.5 0 4.95; 79 1 0 4.95; 80 2 0 4.95;
81 3.5 0 4.95; 82 5 0 4.95; 83 6.5 0 4.95; 84 8 0 4.95; 85 9.5 0 4.95;
86 11 0 4.95; 87 12.5 0 4.95; 88 14 0 4.95; 89 15.5 0 4.95; 90 17 0 4.95;
91 18.5 0 4.95; 92 20 0 4.95; 93 21 0 4.95; 94 21.5 0 4.95; 95 22 0 4.95;
96 0 0 6.45; 97 0.5 0 6.45; 98 1 0 6.45; 99 2 0 6.45; 100 3.5 0 6.45;
101 5 0 6.45; 102 6.5 0 6.45; 103 8 0 6.45; 104 9.5 0 6.45; 105 11 0 6.45;
106 12.5 0 6.45; 107 14 0 6.45; 108 15.5 0 6.45; 109 17 0 6.45;
110 18.5 0 6.45; 111 20 0 6.45; 112 21 0 6.45; 113 21.5 0 6.45; 114 22 0 6.45;
115 0 0 7.95; 116 0.5 0 7.95; 117 1 0 7.95; 118 2 0 7.95; 119 3.5 0 7.95;
120 5 0 7.95; 121 6.5 0 7.95; 122 8 0 7.95; 123 9.5 0 7.95; 124 11 0 7.95;
125 12.5 0 7.95; 126 14 0 7.95; 127 15.5 0 7.95; 128 17 0 7.95;
129 18.5 0 7.95; 130 20 0 7.95; 131 21 0 7.95; 132 21.5 0 7.95; 133 22 0 7.95;
134 0 0 9.45; 135 0.5 0 9.45; 136 1 0 9.45; 137 2 0 9.45; 138 3.5 0 9.45;
139 5 0 9.45; 140 6.5 0 9.45; 141 8 0 9.45; 142 9.5 0 9.45; 143 11 0 9.45;
144 12.5 0 9.45; 145 14 0 9.45; 146 15.5 0 9.45; 147 17 0 9.45;
148 18.5 0 9.45; 149 20 0 9.45; 150 21 0 9.45; 151 21.5 0 9.45; 152 22 0 9.45;
153 0 0 10.95; 154 0.5 0 10.95; 155 1 0 10.95; 156 2 0 10.95; 157 3.5 0 10.95;
158 5 0 10.95; 159 6.5 0 10.95; 160 8 0 10.95; 161 9.5 0 10.95; 162 11 0 10.95;
163 12.5 0 10.95; 164 14 0 10.95; 165 15.5 0 10.95; 166 17 0 10.95;

167 18.5 0 10.95; 168 20 0 10.95; 169 21 0 10.95; 170 21.5 0 10.95;
171 22 0 10.95; 172 0 0 12.075; 173 0.5 0 12.075; 174 1 0 12.075;
175 2 0 12.075; 176 3.5 0 12.075; 177 5 0 12.075; 178 6.5 0 12.075;
179 8 0 12.075; 180 9.5 0 12.075; 181 11 0 12.075; 182 12.5 0 12.075;
183 14 0 12.075; 184 15.5 0 12.075; 185 17 0 12.075; 186 18.5 0 12.075;
187 20 0 12.075; 188 21 0 12.075; 189 21.5 0 12.075; 190 22 0 12.075;
191 0 0 12.9; 192 0.5 0 12.9; 193 1 0 12.9; 194 2 0 12.9; 195 3.5 0 12.9;
196 5 0 12.9; 197 6.5 0 12.9; 198 8 0 12.9; 199 9.5 0 12.9; 200 11 0 12.9;
201 12.5 0 12.9; 202 14 0 12.9; 203 15.5 0 12.9; 204 17 0 12.9;
205 18.5 0 12.9; 206 20 0 12.9; 207 21 0 12.9; 208 21.5 0 12.9; 209 22 0 12.9;
MEMBER INCIDENCES
1 1 2; 2 2 3; 3 3 4; 4 4 5; 5 5 6; 6 6 7; 7 7 8; 8 8 9; 9 9 10; 10 10 11;
11 11 12; 12 12 13; 13 13 14; 14 14 15; 15 15 16; 16 16 17; 17 17 18; 18 18 19;
19 20 21; 20 21 22; 21 22 23; 22 23 24; 23 24 25; 24 25 26; 25 26 27; 26 27 28;
27 28 29; 28 29 30; 29 30 31; 30 31 32; 31 32 33; 32 33 34; 33 34 35; 34 35 36;
35 36 37; 36 37 38; 37 39 40; 38 40 41; 39 41 42; 40 42 43; 41 43 44; 42 44 45;
43 45 46; 44 46 47; 45 47 48; 46 48 49; 47 49 50; 48 50 51; 49 51 52; 50 52 53;
51 53 54; 52 54 55; 53 55 56; 54 56 57; 55 58 59; 56 59 60; 57 60 61; 58 61 62;
59 62 63; 60 63 64; 61 64 65; 62 65 66; 63 66 67; 64 67 68; 65 68 69; 66 69 70;
67 70 71; 68 71 72; 69 72 73; 70 73 74; 71 74 75; 72 75 76; 73 77 78; 74 78 79;
75 79 80; 76 80 81; 77 81 82; 78 82 83; 79 83 84; 80 84 85; 81 85 86; 82 86 87;
83 87 88; 84 88 89; 85 89 90; 86 90 91; 87 91 92; 88 92 93; 89 93 94; 90 94 95;
91 96 97; 92 97 98; 93 98 99; 94 99 100; 95 100 101; 96 101 102; 97 102 103;
98 103 104; 99 104 105; 100 105 106; 101 106 107; 102 107 108; 103 108 109;
104 109 110; 105 110 111; 106 111 112; 107 112 113; 108 113 114; 109 115 116;
110 116 117; 111 117 118; 112 118 119; 113 119 120; 114 120 121; 115 121 122;
116 122 123; 117 123 124; 118 124 125; 119 125 126; 120 126 127; 121 127 128;
122 128 129; 123 129 130; 124 130 131; 125 131 132; 126 132 133; 127 134 135;
128 135 136; 129 136 137; 130 137 138; 131 138 139; 132 139 140; 133 140 141;
134 141 142; 135 142 143; 136 143 144; 137 144 145; 138 145 146; 139 146 147;
140 147 148; 141 148 149; 142 149 150; 143 150 151; 144 151 152; 145 153 154;
146 154 155; 147 155 156; 148 156 157; 149 157 158; 150 158 159; 151 159 160;
152 160 161; 153 161 162; 154 162 163; 155 163 164; 156 164 165; 157 165 166;
158 166 167; 159 167 168; 160 168 169; 161 169 170; 162 170 171; 163 172 173;
164 173 174; 165 174 175; 166 175 176; 167 176 177; 168 177 178; 169 178 179;
170 179 180; 171 180 181; 172 181 182; 173 182 183; 174 183 184; 175 184 185;
176 185 186; 177 186 187; 178 187 188; 179 188 189; 180 189 190; 181 191 192;
182 192 193; 183 193 194; 184 194 195; 185 195 196; 186 196 197; 187 197 198;
188 198 199; 189 199 200; 190 200 201; 191 201 202; 192 202 203; 193 203 204;
194 204 205; 195 205 206; 196 206 207; 197 207 208; 198 208 209; 199 1 20;
200 2 21; 201 3 22; 202 4 23; 203 5 24; 204 6 25; 205 7 26; 206 8 27; 207 9 28;
208 10 29; 209 11 30; 210 12 31; 211 13 32; 212 14 33; 213 15 34; 214 16 35;
215 17 36; 216 18 37; 217 19 38; 218 20 39; 219 21 40; 220 22 41; 221 23 42;
222 24 43; 223 25 44; 224 26 45; 225 27 46; 226 28 47; 227 29 48; 228 30 49;
229 31 50; 230 32 51; 231 33 52; 232 34 53; 233 35 54; 234 36 55; 235 37 56;
236 38 57; 237 39 58; 238 40 59; 239 41 60; 240 42 61; 241 43 62; 242 44 63;
243 45 64; 244 46 65; 245 47 66; 246 48 67; 247 49 68; 248 50 69; 249 51 70;
250 52 71; 251 53 72; 252 54 73; 253 55 74; 254 56 75; 255 57 76; 256 58 77;

257 59 78; 258 60 79; 259 61 80; 260 62 81; 261 63 82; 262 64 83; 263 65 84;
264 66 85; 265 67 86; 266 68 87; 267 69 88; 268 70 89; 269 71 90; 270 72 91;
271 73 92; 272 74 93; 273 75 94; 274 76 95; 275 77 96; 276 78 97; 277 79 98;
278 80 99; 279 81 100; 280 82 101; 281 83 102; 282 84 103; 283 85 104;
284 86 105; 285 87 106; 286 88 107; 287 89 108; 288 90 109; 289 91 110;
290 92 111; 291 93 112; 292 94 113; 293 95 114; 294 96 115; 295 97 116;
296 98 117; 297 99 118; 298 100 119; 299 101 120; 300 102 121; 301 103 122;
302 104 123; 303 105 124; 304 106 125; 305 107 126; 306 108 127; 307 109 128;
308 110 129; 309 111 130; 310 112 131; 311 113 132; 312 114 133; 313 115 134;
314 116 135; 315 117 136; 316 118 137; 317 119 138; 318 120 139; 319 121 140;
320 122 141; 321 123 142; 322 124 143; 323 125 144; 324 126 145; 325 127 146;
326 128 147; 327 129 148; 328 130 149; 329 131 150; 330 132 151; 331 133 152;
332 134 153; 333 135 154; 334 136 155; 335 137 156; 336 138 157; 337 139 158;
338 140 159; 339 141 160; 340 142 161; 341 143 162; 342 144 163; 343 145 164;
344 146 165; 345 147 166; 346 148 167; 347 149 168; 348 150 169; 349 151 170;
350 152 171; 351 153 172; 352 154 173; 353 155 174; 354 156 175; 355 157 176;
356 158 177; 357 159 178; 358 160 179; 359 161 180; 360 162 181; 361 163 182;
362 164 183; 363 165 184; 364 166 185; 365 167 186; 366 168 187; 367 169 188;
368 170 189; 369 171 190; 370 172 191; 371 173 192; 372 174 193; 373 175 194;
374 176 195; 375 177 196; 376 178 197; 377 179 198; 378 180 199; 379 181 200;
380 182 201; 381 183 202; 382 184 203; 383 185 204; 384 186 205; 385 187 206;
386 188 207; 387 189 208; 388 190 209;
DEFINE MATERIAL START
ISOTROPIC CONCRETE
E 2.17185e+007
POISSON 0.17
DENSITY 23.5616
ALPHA 1e-005
DAMP 0.05
TYPE CONCRETE
STRENGTH FCU 27579
END DEFINE MATERIAL
MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN
37 38 53 54 145 146 161 162 PRIS AX 1.85 AY 1.85 AZ 1.85 IX 0.123 IY 0.868 IZ 0.645
39 52 147 160 PRIS AX 1.658 AY 1.658 AZ 1.658 IX 0.231 IY 0.846 IZ 0.599
40 TO 51 148 TO 159 PRIS AX 1.467 AY 1.467 AZ 1.467 IX 0.159 IY 0.837 IZ 0.548
73 74 89 90 109 110 125 126 PRIS AX 1.7 AY 1.7 AZ 1.7 IX 0.131 IY 0.539 IZ 0.667
75 88 111 124 PRIS AX 1.51 AY 1.51 AZ 1.51 IX 0.044 IY 0.52 IZ 0.56
76 TO 87 112 TO 123 PRIS AX 1.32 AY 1.32 AZ 1.32 IX 0.023 IY 0.51 IZ 0.53
238 254 257 273 276 292 295 311 314 330 333 349 PRIS AX 0.6 AY 0.6 AZ 0.6 IX 0.027 IY 0.008 IZ 0.1125
MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN
200 216 219 235 352 368 371 387 PRIS AX 0.035 AY 0.035 AZ 0.035 IX 0.000137 IY 4.56e-005 IZ 0.000228667
201 TO 215 220 TO 234 353 TO 367 372 TO 385 386 PRIS AX 0.035 AY 0.035 AZ 0.035 IX 0.000137 IY 4.56e-005 IZ 0.000228667

199 217 218 236 237 255 256 274 275 293 294 312 313 331 332 350 351 369 370 388 PRIS AX 0.175 AY 0.175 AZ 0.175 IX 0.004 IY 0.004 IZ 0.00178646
MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN
1 TO 18 181 TO 197 198 PRIS AX 0.028125 AY 0.028125 AZ 0.028125 IX 0.000101 IY 3.66e-005 IZ 0.000118652
19 TO 36 55 TO 72 91 TO 108 127 TO 144 163 TO 179 180 PRIS AX 0.028125 AY 0.028125 AZ 0.028125 IX 0.000101 IY 3.66e-005 IZ 0.000118652
239 TO 253 258 TO 272 277 TO 291 296 TO 310 315 TO 329 334 TO 347 348 PRIS AX 0.028125 AY 0.028125 AZ 0.028125 IX 0.000101 IY 3.66e-005 IZ 0.000118652
CONSTANTS
MATERIAL CONCRETE ALL
SUPPORTS
40 56 78 94 116 132 154 170 PINNED
DEFINE MOVING LOAD
*Class A
TYPE 1 LOAD 13.5 13.5 57 57 34 34 34 34
DIST 1.1 3.2 1.2 4.3 3 3 3 WID 1.8
*70R(T)
TYPE 2 LOAD 17.5 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 17.5
DIST 0.457 0.457 0.457 0.457 0.457 0.457 0.457 0.457 0.457 0.457 WID 2.06
*70R(W,l type)
TYPE 3 LOAD 20 30 30 42.5 42.5 42.5 42.5
DIST 3.96 1.52 2.13 1.37 3.05 1.37 WID 0.45
**********************LIVE LOAD CASES*************************************
*Case-1 3 Lane Class A most eccentric
LOAD GENERATION 90
TYPE 1 -18.8 0 10.4 XINC 0.5
LOAD GENERATION 90
TYPE 1 -18.8 0 6.9 XINC 0.5
LOAD GENERATION 90
TYPE 1 -18.8 0 3.4 XINC 0.5
*Case-2 1 Lane 70 R(W,l) +Class A most eccentric
LOAD GENERATION 90
TYPE 3 -13.4 0 2.645 XINC 0.5
TYPE 3 -13.4 0 4.575 XINC 0.5
LOAD GENERATION 90
TYPE 1 -18.8 0 8.030 XINC 0.5
*Case-3 70 R(T) +1 Lane Class A most eccentric
LOAD GENERATION 90
TYPE 1 -18.8 0 8.55 XINC 0.5
LOAD GENERATION 60
TYPE 2 -4.57 0 4.88 XINC 0.5
*Case-4 1 Lane Class A +70 R(T) most eccentric
LOAD GENERATION 88
TYPE 1 -18.8 0 3.4 XINC 0.5

LOAD GENERATION 88
TYPE 2 -4.57 0 7.33 XINC 0.5
*Case-5 1 Lane Class A + 70R(W) with min eccentricity
LOAD GENERATION 90
TYPE 1 -18.8 0 3.4 XINC 0.5
LOAD GENERATION 90
TYPE 3 -13.4 0 7.435 XINC 0.5
TYPE 3 -13.4 0 5.505 XINC 0.5
*Case-6 1 Lane Class A + 70 R(W,l) with class A left wheel on G1
LOAD GENERATION 90
TYPE 1 -18.8 0 3.75 XINC 0.5
LOAD GENERATION 90
TYPE 3 -13.4 0 5.855 XINC 0.5
TYPE 3 -13.4 0 7.785 XINC 0.5
PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT ALL
FINISH
A.3 Staad Input File for cross girder analysis (jacking condition)
STAAD PLANE
START JOB INFORMATION
ENGINEER DATE 10-Jul-15
END JOB INFORMATION
INPUT WIDTH 79
UNIT METER KN
JOINT COORDINATES
1 0 0 0; 2 0.75 0 0; 3 4.5 0 0; 4 8.25 0 0; 5 9 0 0;
MEMBER INCIDENCES
1 1 2; 2 2 3; 3 3 4; 4 4 5;
DEFINE MATERIAL START
ISOTROPIC CONCRETE
E 2.17185e+007
POISSON 0.17
DENSITY 23.5616
ALPHA 1e-005
DAMP 0.05
TYPE CONCRETE
STRENGTH FCU 27579
END DEFINE MATERIAL
MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN
1 TO 4 PRIS YD 1.5 ZD 0.4
CONSTANTS
MATERIAL CONCRETE ALL
SUPPORTS
2 TO 4 PINNED
LOAD 1 LOADTYPE None TITLE RXN FROM SW N SIDL
MEMBER LOAD
1 CON GY -986.105 0

2 CON GY -459.91 2.25


3 CON GY -459.91 1.5
4 CON GY -986.105 0.75
LOAD 2 LOADTYPE None TITLE CG SELF WEIGHT
MEMBER LOAD
1 TO 4 UNI GY -20.25
LOAD COMB 3 COMBINATION LOAD CASE 3
1 1.0 2 1.0
PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT ALL
FINISH

A.4 Staad Input File for cross girder analysis (service condition)
STAAD PLANE
START JOB INFORMATION
ENGINEER DATE 10-Jul-15
END JOB INFORMATION
INPUT WIDTH 79
UNIT METER KN
JOINT COORDINATES
1 0 0 0; 2 3 0 0; 3 6 0 0; 4 9 0 0;
MEMBER INCIDENCES
1 1 2; 2 2 3; 3 3 4;
DEFINE MATERIAL START
ISOTROPIC CONCRETE
E 2.17185e+007
POISSON 0.17
DENSITY 25
ALPHA 1e-005
DAMP 0.05
TYPE CONCRETE
STRENGTH FCU 27579
END DEFINE MATERIAL
MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN
1 TO 3 PRIS YD 1.9 ZD 0.4
CONSTANTS
MATERIAL CONCRETE ALL
SUPPORTS
1 TO 4 PINNED
DEFINE MOVING LOAD
TYPE 1 LOAD 85.5 85.5 85.5 85.5 85.5 85.5
DIST 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.8

TYPE 2 LOAD 150 150 85.5 85.5


DIST 1.93 1.86 1.8
LOAD 1 LOADTYPE None TITLE RXN FROM SW N SIDL
MEMBER LOAD
1 CON GY -986.105 0
2 CON GY -459.91 0
3 CON GY -459.91 0
3 CON GY -986.105 3
LOAD 2 LOADTYPE None TITLE CG SELF WEIGHT
MEMBER LOAD
1 TO 3 UNI GY -20.25
LOAD GENERATION 40
TYPE 1 -8.8 0 0 XINC 0.5
LOAD GENERATION 40
TYPE 2 -5.59 0 0 XINC 0.5
PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT ALL
FINISH

APPENDIX - A

Staad Input File

Impact For Class A


:
Impact For Class 70R(W) :

BEAM
NO
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
BEAM

37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46

SF +
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
3
5
5
4
4
3
2
2
1
0

Class A
BM +
SF 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

1.16
1.16

BM 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
-1

-1
-4
-4
-4
-4
-4
-3
-3
-3
-3
-4
-32
-34
-39
-45
-51
-56
-59
-62
-62

Total (impact + long Reduction)


SF +
BM +
SF BM 4
5
-83
-7
260
65
-1
-54
254
27
-1
-161
231
25
-2
-410
200
23
-6
-715
168
22
-13
-966
138
20
-21
-1148
110
18
-32
-1261
84
16
-43
-1320
61
14
-64
-1301

Impact For Class 70R(T)


Longitudnal Reduction Factor
CASE 1
3 Lane Class A most eccentric from Left
Class A
SF +
BM +
SF BM 4
0
0
-5
9
1
0
-44
9
1
0
-48
8
1
0
-57
7
1
0
-69
6
2
0
-79
4
2
0
-88
3
2
0
-95
1
2
0
-99
0
2
-1
-100
0
8
-68
0
199
71
0
-2
195
20
0
-62
178
19
-2
-247
155
17
-5
-470
131
15
-12
-652
108
13
-18
-785
88
12
-27
-866
69
10
-36
-907
53
9
-52
-892
BEAM

73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82

:
:

Class
SF +
0
241
235
213
185
155
128
103
80
58
1
81
79
72
62
52
43
33
25
17

Total (impact + lo
SF +
4
297
291
266
231
194
160
129
99
73

BEAM
NO
SF +

Class 70R(W)
BM +
SF -

BM -

CASE 2
1 Lane 70 R(W,l) +Class A most eccentric
Class A
SF +
BM +
SF BM -

37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46

1
329
314
303
267
233
197
160
124
88

3
44
43
41
38
34
31
28
25
22

-78
0
0
-3
-15
-29
-46
-70
-98
-131

0
-8
-165
-469
-864
###
###
###
###
###

2
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
0
0

0
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

-3
-27
-27
-28
-30
-31
-32
-33
-34
-34

73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82

0
313
303
270
254
204
171
137
104
71

10
87
38
36
33
30
26
23
20
17

-73
0
0
-3
-17
-29
-50
-71
-97
-129

0
-5
-102
-392
-766
###
###
###
###
###

0
97
95
87
75
63
52
41
31
21

2
12
10
10
9
8
7
7
6
5

-25
0
0
0
-2
-4
-7
-11
-16
-24

0
-7
-53
-147
-266
-366
-437
-481
-504
-498

BEAM
NO
SF +

Class 70R(T)
BM +
SF -

BM -

CASE 3
70 R(T) +1 Lane Class A most eccentric
Class A
SF +
BM +
SF BM -

37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46

2
220
215
201
184
165
145
125
104
83

1
13
13
12
11
11
10
9
8
7

-22
-1
-1
-1
-10
-25
-42
-61
-81
-101

-3
-23
-131
-345
-629
-865
###
###
###
###

2
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
1
1

0
0
0
-1
-1
0
0
0
0
0

-3
-21
-21
-21
-20
-20
-19
-19
-19
-20

73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80

0
359
349
318
299
254
225
198

12
100
18
17
15
13
12
10

-35
-1
-1
-3
-23
-54
-87
-117

0
0
-131
-464
-892
###
###
###

1
68
68
61
53
44
36
28

1
7
6
6
6
6
5
5

-11
0
0
0
-1
-2
-4
-7

-2
-22
-50
-117
-201
-273
-330
-361

Total (impact + lo
SF +
3
345
329
317
279
245
207
167
130
92
0
427
416
373
344
279
233
185
140
96

Total (impact + lo
SF +
4
218
213
200
182
163
144
123
103
82
1
427
416
378
351
298
261
225

81
82

172
145

BEAM
NO
SF +

9
8

-146
-173

Class A
BM +
SF -

###
###

BM -

21
14

4
4

-10
-16

-377
-372

CASE 4
1 Lane Class A +70 R(T) most eccentric
Class 70R(T)
SF +
BM +
SF BM -

37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46

0
241
235
213
185
155
128
103
80
58

4
61
24
23
21
19
17
15
13
12

-80
0
0
-1
-5
-12
-20
-31
-41
-60

-1
-4
-102
-332
-612
-843
###
###
###
###

6
14
14
13
12
10
7
5
2
0

0
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
-2

-8
-69
-76
-89
-108
-124
-138
-148
-155
-157

73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82

1
81
79
72
62
52
43
33
25
17

1
8
8
8
8
7
7
6
5
5

-16
0
0
0
-2
-3
-5
-9
-12
-19

-2
-22
-58
-137
-236
-319
-383
-418
-438
-430

0
316
306
289
261
233
207
182
158
134

10
80
16
15
14
12
11
10
8
7

-32
-1
-1
-3
-19
-44
-72
-98
-124
-148

0
0
-121
-414
-789
-1093
-1324
-1486
-1583
-1613

BEAM
NO
SF +

Class A
BM +
SF -

BM -

CASE 5
Class A + 70R(W) with min eccentricity
Class 70R(W)
SF +
BM +
SF BM -

37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46

0
241
235
213
185
155
128
103
80
58

4
61
24
23
21
19
17
15
13
12

-80
0
0
-1
-5
-12
-20
-31
-41
-60

-1
-4
-102
-332
-612
-843
###
###
###
###

8
17
17
16
14
12
9
6
2
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
-2

-10
-86
-94
-111
-134
-155
-172
-185
-193
-196

73
74
75
76
77
78

1
81
79
72
62
52

2
45
44
41
37
33

-85
0
0
0
-2
-3

-2
-22
-58
-137
-236
-319

0
353
337
323
286
249

13
119
3
0
0
1

-74
0
0
-4
-20
-35

0
-4
-104
-416
-833
-1167

192
158

Total (impact + lo
SF +
6
265
259
235
204
171
141
112
85
61
1
398
385
362
323
285
250
215
183
150

Total (impact + lo
SF +
8
269
262
239
207
174
143
113
86
61
0
1
453
434
412
363
314

79
80
81
82

43
33
25
17

30
26
23
19

-5
-9
-12
-19

-383
-418
-438
-430

211
174
138
101

1
1
2
2

-56
-82
-111
-145

-1443
-1638
-1770
-1813

265
217
171
124

37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46

0
216
213
200
173
147
121
97
74
55

4
51
22
21
19
17
16
14
12
11

-12
0
0
-1
-5
-11
-18
-28
-38
-55

CASE 6
Class A + 70 R(W,l) with class A left wheel on G1
Class 70R(W)
Total (impact + lo
BM SF +
BM +
SF BM SF +
0
7
0
0
-9
7
-3
12
2
0
-74 238
-97
12
2
0
-80 235
-304
11
2
0
-91 220
-563
10
3
0
-107 190
-767
8
3
0
-122 162
-917
6
3
0
-133 132
###
4
3
0
-142 105
###
1
3
0
-148
79
###
0
3
-1
-149
57

73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82

0
103
99
91
79
66
55
43
32
22

2
13
11
10
9
9
8
7
6
6

-28
0
0
0
-2
-4
-7
-12
-17
-25

0
-9
-57
-157
-279
-386
-461
-505
-529
-522

BEAM
NO
SF +

Class A
BM +
SF -

0
287
275
260
230
200
169
138
107
77

8
75
37
34
31
28
25
22
20
17

-68
0
0
-2
-14
-26
-44
-65
-89
-118

0
-5
-99
-362
-705
-987
-1216
-1383
-1491
-1531

0
407
390
366
323
278
233
189
146
103

APPENDIX - B
Live Load Cases
:

1.1
0.9

Class A
BM +
SF 4
-80
61
0
24
0
23
-1
21
-5
19
-12
17
-20
15
-31
13
-41
12
-60
1
-16
8
0
8
0
8
0
8
-2
7
-3
7
-5
6
-9
5
-12
5
-19

BM -1
-4
-102
-332
-612
-843
-1009
-1110
-1163
-1143
-2
-22
-58
-137
-236
-319
-383
-418
-438
-430

tal (impact + long Reduction)


BM +
SF BM 10
-88
-6
83
0
-58
30
0
-161
29
-2
-441
26
-7
-784
24
-16
-1067
22
-24
-1277
19
-37
-1403
17
-50
-1468
15
-75
-1445

tal (impact + long Reduction)


BM +
SF BM 3
-82
-4
46
0
-37
45
0
-200
43
-3
-519
40
-16
-933
37
-30
-1286
34
-48
-1561
30
-73
-1772
27
-103
-1903
24
-137
-1954
12
104
51
48
43
39
35
31
27
24

-102
0
0
-3
-19
-34
-58
-86
-118
-160

0
-12
-162
-562
-1078
-1500
-1828
-2065
-2225
-2260

tal (impact + long Reduction)


BM +
SF BM 1
-21
-5
13
-1
-45
13
-1
-151
12
-1
-363
12
-11
-643
11
-25
-877
10
-42
-1061
9
-61
-1200
8
-80
-1278
7
-100
-1305
14
106
24
23
21
19
17
15

-46
-1
-1
-3
-24
-56
-91
-123

-2
-23
-181
-581
-1093
-1504
-1819
-2028

13

-155
12
-187

-2154
-2181

tal (impact + long Reduction)


BM +
SF BM 5
-83
-9
64
0
-72
26
0
-181
25
-1
-435
23
-6
-746
21
-13
-1003
19
-20
-1190
17
-32
-1306
15
-43
-1367
13
-65
-1349
11
87
24
23
21
19
17
16
14
12

-48
-1
-1
-3
-20
-47
-77
-106
-135
-167

-2
-23
-180
-552
-1026
-1415
-1711
-1908
-2024
-2046

tal (impact + long Reduction)


BM +
SF BM 5
-83
-12
64
0
-93
26
0
-205
24
-1
-462
22
-5
-779
20
-13
-1042
18
-20
-1233
16
-32
-1352
14
-43
-1415
13
-65
-1398
0
0
0
16
-166
-2
171
0
-27
49
0
-169
43
-5
-577
39
-22
-1116
35
-39
-1551

32

-65
28
25
22

-95
-129
-172

-1907
-2147
-2305
-2342

tal (impact + long Reduction)


BM +
SF BM 5
-13
-10
54
-1
-81
25
-1
-185
24
-2
-413
23
-5
-700
21
-12
-928
20
-19
-1097
18
-29
-1202
16
-39
-1258
14
-58
-1242
11
92
49
47
42
38
34
31
27
23

-101
0
0
-3
-17
-32
-53
-80
-110
-149

0
-15
-163
-541
-1027
-1433
-1751
-1971
-2109
-2143