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The International Energy Agency (IEA) estimates that residential, commercial, and

public buildings account for 30 to 40 percent of the world’s energy consumption.
The sector’s contribution to current world CO2 emissions is estimated by various
sources at 25 to 35 percent.

The GCC Energy Mix in a Global Context
The GCC region has the highest energy intensity in the world, and member states
are expected to post robust growth in population, energy use over the next decade.
In addition, energy efficiency options represent 40 percent of global greenhouse gas
reduction potential that can be realized at a cost of less than $80 per metric ton of
carbon dioxide.

Renewable Energy Facts and Figures
Gulf countries are as richly endowed with renewable resources as they are with
hydrocarbons. They benefit from strong regular sunshine, and the space to develop
large solar power plants.
The region also has significant wind resources, geothermal and biomass from urban
waste.
Gulf countries have rising energy demand: Gulf countries have seen rapid economic
growth and have become major energy consumers in their own right.
Regional electricity consumption is growing at almost 8% a year — meaning
generating capacity has to be doubled every decade. Gulf countries will require 100
GW of additional power over the next 10 years to meet demand.
Electricity produced from renewables means less oil and gas has to be consumed
domestically, freeing them for export.
Renewable energy offers Gulf countries a proven, home-grown path to reducing CO2
emissions: The six GCC countries are in the top 14 per capita emitters of carbon
dioxide in the world; renewables offer a financially viable way to change that.
There is also growing pressure to protect the Gulf’s fragile environment.
Renewable energy power generation is becoming more cost effective: improving
technology and growing competition have seen the cost of renewable energy drop
dramatically.
In some parts of the world, especially when compared to diesel generation, it is
already the cheapest option. Furthermore, solar power generation fits very well with
demand patterns where air conditioning dominates the electricity demand curve

particularly in GCC countries. Countries in the GCC have been undertaking renewable energy projects for more than 30 years. and investments across the entire industry value chain. . Growing a renewable energy industry in the Gulf will move the world closer to realizing the potential of renewable energy as a fuel source. These are being supported by renewable energy targets. But today a trend for increasingly ambitious projects is being witnessed across the region. innovative research and development.

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4.Measure key operating parameters and compare to design levels.Prepare a schematic layout of each of the modifications. and perform additional testing and monitoring as required to allow determination of feasibility. 3.Perform a space function analysis. 3. and maintenance. equipment. 6. 3.Breakdown of energy use for significant end-use categories. • Level I Analysis—Walk-Through Analysis 1. operating schedules. 1. • Level II Analysis—Energy Survey and Analysis 1.Meet with owner to discuss/develop recommendations.Gross conditioned area. for example.Meet with owner/operator and occupants to learn of special problems or needs of the facility. 2. 5. heating/cooling water temperature. 5. 1. 4. 2. 2. .Expand definition of all modifications requiring further analysis. supply air temperature. ventilation quantities. 5.Review mechanical and electrical system design.Review existing operating and maintenance problems.Review measurement methods.Utility bills and summarize them for at least a one-year period.Estimate the cost and savings of each modification.List all possible modifications to equipment and operations that would save energy.Obtained from the owner/operator of the building before a visit to the building. Ensure that modeling includes system interaction. • Level III Analysis—Detailed Analysis of Capital Intensive Modifications.Identify low-cost/no-cost changes to the facility that will result from these changes . preferably three years. operation. 2. and light level at the task. 4.Estimate the cost of each practical measure.Levels of Energy Audits Levels of analysis have been organized into the following categories: • Preliminary Energy Use Analysis .Perform accurate modeling of proposed modifications.Perform a brief walk-through survey of the facility to become familiar with its construction. space temperature and humidity.