You are on page 1of 20

Awareness

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Awareness is the ability to directly know and perceive, to feel, or to be of eve
nts. More broadly, it is the state or quality of being conscious of something.

Contents [hide]
1 Concept
2 Self-awareness
3 Neuroscience 3.1 Basic awareness
3.2 Basic interests
3.3 Changes in awareness
4 Living systems view
5 Communications and information systems
6 Covert awareness
7 Other uses
8 See also
9 References
10 External links
Concept[edit]
Awareness is a relative concept. Awareness may be focused on an internal state,
such as a visceral feeling, or on external events by way of sensory perception.
Awareness provides the raw material from which animals develop qualia, or subjec
tive ideas about their experience. Insects have awareness that you are trying to
swat them or chase after them. But insects do not have consciousness in the usu
al sense, because they lack the brain capacity for thought and understanding.
Self-awareness[edit]
Main article: Self-awareness
Popular ideas about consciousness suggest the phenomenon describes a condition o
f being aware of one's awareness or, self-awareness.[1] Efforts to describe cons
ciousness in neurological terms have focused on describing networks in the brain
that develop awareness of the qualia developed by other networks.[2]
Neuroscience[edit]
Neural systems that regulate attention serve to attenuate awareness among comple
x animals whose central and peripheral nervous system provides more information

than cognitive areas of the brain can assimilate. Within an attenuated system of
awareness, a mind might be aware of much more than is being contemplated in a f
ocused extended consciousness.
Basic awareness[edit]
Basic awareness of one's internal and external world depends on the brain stem.
Bjorn Merker,[3] an independent neuroscientist in Stockholm, Sweden, argues that
the brain stem supports an elementary form of conscious thought in infants with
hydranencephaly. "Higher" forms of awareness including self-awareness require c
ortical contributions, but "primary consciousness" or "basic awareness" as an ab
ility to integrate sensations from the environment with one's immediate goals an
d feelings in order to guide behavior, springs from the brain stem which human b
eings share with most of the vertebrates. Psychologist Carroll Izard emphasizes
that this form of primary consciousness consists of the capacity to generate emo
tions and an awareness of one's surroundings, but not an ability to talk about w
hat one has experienced. In the same way, people can become conscious of a feeli
ng that they can't label or describe, a phenomenon that's especially common in p
re-verbal infants.
Due to this discovery medical definitions of brain death as a lack of cortical a
ctivity face a serious challenge.[citation needed]
Basic interests[edit]
Down the brain stem lie interconnected regions that regulate the direction of ey
e gaze and organize decisions about what to do next, such as reaching for a piec
e of food or pursuing a potential mate.[citation needed]
Changes in awareness[edit]
The ability to consciously detect an image when presented at near-threshold stim
ulus varies across presentations. One factor is "baseline shifts" due to top dow
n attention that modulates ongoing brain activity in sensory cortex areas that a
ffects the neural processing of subsequent perceptual judgments.[4] Such top dow
n biasing can occur through two distinct processes: an attention driven baseline
shift in the alpha waves, and a decision bias reflected in gamma waves.[5]
Living systems view[edit]
Outside of neuroscience biologists, Humberto Maturana and Francisco Varela contr
ibuted their Santiago theory of cognition in which they wrote:
Living systems are cognitive systems, and living as a process is a process of co
gnition. This statement is valid for all organisms, with or without a nervous sy
stem.[6]
This theory contributes a perspective that cognition is a process present at org
anic levels that we don't usually consider to be aware. Given the possible relat
ionship between awareness and cognition, and consciousness, this theory contribu
tes an interesting perspective in the philosophical and scientific dialogue of a
wareness and living systems theory.
Communications and information systems[edit]
In cooperative settings, awareness is a term used to denote knowledge created thr
ough the interaction of an agent and its environment in simple terms knowing what
is going on .[7] In this setting, awareness is meant to convey how individuals mon
itor and perceive the information surrounding their colleagues and the environme

particularly the location. usi ng the correct orientation of the hand and wrist. The term covers a common interest in whereabouts of remote entities. these categ ories serve to help understand what knowledge might be conveyed by a particular type of awareness or how that knowledge might be conveyed. First defined with networked work positions (network location awareness). This condition implies that so me of the knowledge the mind possesses is delivered through alternate channels t han conscious intent. It is generally part of some other activity generally making it a secondary goal to the primary goal of the activity. context awareness and location awareness refer to informati on a computer system might need in a particular situation. The term of location awareness still is gaining momentum with the growth of ubiq uitous computing. This information is incredibly useful and critical to the perfor mance and success of collaborations. Info rmation you might know from being collocated with an individual Social awareness is the information you maintain about a social or conversationa l context.g.[citation needed] They are however able to grab the pencil. Different categories of awareness have been suggested based on the type of infor mation being obtained or maintained:[11] Informal awareness is the sense of who s around and what are they up to. s tatus in a group. and changes of eleme nts within the workspace. This is a subtle awareness maintained through non-verbal cues. Some patients with specific brain damage are for example unable to tell if a pencil is horizo ntal or vertical. therefore awareness knowledge must be con stantly maintained Individuals interact with the environment. It is an understanding of group dynamics and the relationship another individual has to the group. etc. facial express. Group-structural awareness is the knowledge of others roles. While the type of awareness above refers to knowledge a person might need in a p articular situation. due to the transition of workspa ces from physical to virtual environments. These concepts of lar ge importance especially for AAA (authentication. as there can be significant overlap in what a particular type of awareness might be considered. Rather. authorization. The term of context aware ness is a superset including the concept of location awareness. Covert awareness[edit] See also: Blindsight Covert awareness is the knowledge of something without knowing it. Workspace awareness i s of particular interest to the CSCW community. E. responsibilities. such a s eye contact. e specially individuals and their cohesion in operation.nt they are in. Workspace awareness this is a focus on the workspace s influence and mediation of awareness information. It extends the a wareness to context features of an operational target as well as to context of a n operational area. and maintenance of awareness is accom plished through this interaction.[8][9] Awareness can be further defined by b reaking it down into a set of characteristics:[10] It is knowledge about the state of some environment Environments are continually changing. it has been extended to mobile phones and other mobile communicable entities. activity. These categories are not mutually exclusive. accounting) app lications.[original research?] Other uses[edit] .

merriam-webster. 8. Carl. NY: Guilford P ress. Computer Supported Cooperative Work.Jump up ^ Consciousness in the Raw.com/dictionary/self-awareness 2. 1998. and the hippocampus". "The problem with 'awareness': Introductory r emarks on 'awareness in CSCW'". doi:10. Wikiquote has quotations related to: Awareness LaBar KS. The Web of Life: A New Scientific Understandi ng of Living Systems.1523/JNEUROSCI. "How Ongoing Fluctuations in Human Visual Cortex Predict Perceptual Awareness: Baseline Shift versus Decis ion Bias". Andy (1996).2009. "A Descriptive Frame work of Workspace Awareness for Real-Time Groupware".3759-07. Hippocampus.Jump up ^ Wyart. that is. C. 8 (6): 620 6. doi:10. awareness. ISBN 1-57230-317-4.Awareness forms a basic concept of the theory and practice of Gestalt therapy. Greenberg. 10. Proceedings of the conference on Graphics interface '96: 28 38. J. or political issue.Jump up ^ Sylvester CM. Bellotti. September 2007 4. (July 2009). "Awareness and Coordinatio n in Shared Workspaces". "Asym metry of anticipatory activity in visual cortex predicts the locus of attention and perception".Jump up ^ Gutwin. See also[edit] Awareness ribbon Choiceless awareness Consciousness Feldenkrais method Indefinite monism Philosophy of mind Raising awareness Yoga Nidra Legal awareness References[edit] 1.Jump up ^ Schmidt. "Conditioning. Awareness may refer to anesthesia awareness.200 7. pp.143468. N. 11. "Awareness Th rough Fisheye Views in Relaxed-WYSIWIS Groupware".Jump up ^ Capra. Disterhoft JF (1998).0 . Saul (1999). Tallon-Baudry. 6. Shulman GL. 29 (27): 8715 8725. doi:10. scientific.Jump up ^ Greenberg. 9. Journal of Neuroscience.). doi:10. Computer Supported Cooperative Work (November): 107 114. Paul. PMID 19587278. Corbetta M (December 2007).1002/(SICI)1098-1063(1998)8:6<620::AID-HIPO4>3. Saul. Canada: Department of Computer Science. V. Jack AI.Jump up ^ Self-awareness: its nature and development. Science News Online. doi:10. Garden City. 5.1023/A:1021272909573. and hence many movements t ry to foster "awareness" of a given subject. 27 (52): 14424 33. External links[edit] Look up awareness in Wiktionary. the free dictionary. 11 (3-4): 2 85 298.1145/143457. "awareness" may also refer to public or common knowledge or understa nding about a social. ISBN 0-385-47676-0. Fritjof (1996). Carl. 3.1523/JNEUROSCI. Neurosci. Gutwin. Cockburn. PMID 18160650. A framework of awareness for small groups in sharedworkspace groupware (Technical Report 99-1 ed. Universit y of Saskatchewan.1023/A:1021271517844. Computer Supported Coopera tive Work (CSCW).Y: Anchor Books. Carl.Jump up ^ Dourish.. Greedberg. 7. New York. Victoria (1992). "raising awareness". 12 13. Examp les include AIDS awareness and Multicultural awareness. Kjeld (2002). 11 (3-4): 411 446.Jump up ^ http://www. Saul (September 2002). doi:10.Jump up ^ Gutwin.0962 -09. In general.

PMID 9882019.2-6. Cornell University: Recent findings in the awareness of brain damaged people.CO.. [show] v · t · e Philosophy .

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

Template Portal Category WikiProject Wikipedia book [show] v · t · e .

Metaphysics .

.

Category Portal [show] v · t · e Mental processes .

Categories: Cognition Consciousness Systems psychology Unsolved problems in neuroscience Mindfulness (psychology) .

Navigation menu Not logged in Talk Contributions Create account Log in Article Talk Read Edit View history Search .

Main page Contents Featured content Current events Random article Donate to Wikipedia Wikipedia store Interaction Help About Wikipedia Community portal Recent changes Contact page Tools What links here Related changes Upload file Special pages Permanent link Page information Wikidata item Cite this page Print/export Create a book Download as PDF Printable version In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikiquote Languages ??????? Deutsch Español ????? Italiano ????? ??? Norsk bokmål ??????? ?????? ??????? Suomi .

you agree to the Terms of Use and P rivacy Policy.Svenska ????? Edit links This page was last modified on 22 October 2016. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. a non-profit organization. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation. add itional terms may apply. By using this site. at 17:42. I nc. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers Contact Wikipedia Developers Cookie statement Mobile view Wikimedia Foundation Powered by MediaWiki ..