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Beldarrain, Y. (2006).

Distance education trends: Integrating new technologies to foster student
interaction and collaboration. Distance Education, 27(2), 139-153.
doi:10.1080/01587910600789498
Summary: This articles discusses the current and growing need of properly integrating
instructional technology tools in distance education to accommodate a diverse population of
technology literate learners. Further the article closely investigates various areas related to
distance education, such as emerging technology, implementing social and multimedia tools,
instructional design solutions, current trends, and quality improvements. The author suggests that
a continuous demand for distance education currently exists and the importance of offering a
flexible and good quality learning experience for learners, with integrated technology, such as
blogs, wikis, and podcasts are important in helping shape social interaction among students.
Assessment: This article is relevant to the field of online distance education and is based on
reliable research. Dr. Yoany Beldarrain, at the Florida Virtual School, conducted a thorough and
objective investigation looking at examples of technology tools used at other academic
institutions. Further, analyzing the benefits and impacts of emerging technology on pedagogical
viewpoints and theory.
Reflection: The article is helpful as it describes both the benefits and challenges of technology
integration in distance education. It outlines the educational value of integrating technology tools
to build social interaction among students in the online environment. Further, the article outlines
a set of principles for implementing technology tools without sacrificing the quality of design
and delivery. The article will be helpful in my academic studies as I learn about the benefits,
challenges, and good quality approaches to technology integration in online instruction.

Delgado, A. J., Wardlow, L., McKnight, K., & O'Malley, K. (2015). Educational technology: A
review of the integration, resources, and effectiveness of technology in K-12 classrooms.
Journal of Information Technology Education: Research, 14, 397-416. Retrieved from
http://www.jite.org/documents/Vol14/JITEv14ResearchP397416Delgado1829.pdf
Summary: This article discusses technology integration barriers and advantages, strategies, and
funding in K-12. Based on technology integration literature from 1986-2014, the study
investigates the evolution of technology in education and current needs to better prepare students
for higher education and the workforce. Further, the article analyzes various tools and their
effectiveness in education. Considering the challenges and benefits of technology integration in
various instructional environments, such as blended learning, flipped classroom, BYOD, and
online, the article provides a clear depiction of the current and future direction of emerging
technology integration demonstrating positive results.
Assessment: This article is relevant to the field of instructional technology and is based on
reliable literature research, a published report from the National Center for Education Statistics,
and a collection of data from various scholarly studies. The article proves to be objective as it
looks at a multitude of studies dating back to 1986 while examining the current challenges and
future benefits of technology integration in K-12.
Reflection: The information in this article will help me consider a variety of benefits and
challenges when approaching course design with technology in both my academic and career
field. It will provide me with a better understanding of developments in technology, current tools
used in education, the challenges of funding technology in K-12, and the multitude of approaches
currently used to integrate technology in K-12 education.

Motivational factors affecting the integration of a Learning Management System by faculty.
(2011). The Journal of Educators, 8(1), 1-25. Retrieved from http://eric.ed.gov/?
id=EJ917870
Summary: The article identifies faculty motivational issues, in a small college, for adopting the
use of a Learning Management System (LMS). Considering a variety of literature, theories, and
other researching findings, the author conducted both quantitative and qualitative research that
analyzed demographics and important factors that persuade faculty to use an LMS. The study
included 87% of the faculty population during a semester term. The article also discussed
training and resources as a critical need in supporting faculty adoption and increasing their
awareness of the many advantages and approaches to offering instruction with the use of a LMS
in a classroom or online environment.
Assessment: This article is timely, relevant, and based on reliable research conducted at a CSU.
Further, the study included a review of scholarly literature, theories, and a population of full-time
faculty that participated in the study. The author, Dr. Cynthia Gautreau, is an Instructional Design
and Technology program director at the California State University, Fullerton. She teaches in the
field of IT and investigates the use of technology in education.
Reflection: The information provided in this article is valuable to my academic and professional
career as I continue to gain a better understanding of LMS adoption by faculty in education. The
article will help me consider certain faculty motivational factors to integrating a LMS in
instruction. Further, the article will help me consider a faculties perspective when studying
technology integration in education, approaching instructional design opportunities, and
recommending technology.

Reflection
This week helped me gain a better understanding of variety of areas related to technology
integration. Through research and readings, I learned about the many challenges and benefits
institutions faces when approaching the integration of technology. Further, the resources
available via Blackboard, such as MP3 audio, pdf’s, Purdue Online Writing Lab website,
YouTube links, etc., were helpful as I worked on my annotated bibliography assignment this
week.
While I was not in class this week, I consulted with others regarding technology
integration to gain knowledge of different perspectives and experiences. This helped me expand
my learning and obtain feedback from professionals in the current field of Instructional
Technology. This week’s lesson will be beneficial to both my academic and professional career
as I have gained a deeper understanding of the needs and considerations related to instructional
technology.