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Best Practice of Science / Technology Parks

WTR 2014;3:55-61

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Southern Taiwan Science Park
Shiann-Far Kung,*Ottavia, and Yi-Chuan Lin
National Cheng Kung University, Taiwan

1. INTRODUCTION
The Southern Taiwan Science Park (STSP) is established
by the government of Taiwan in the southern part of the

country which consists of two sites: Tainan Science Park and
Kaohsiung Science Park. The geographic location of Tainan
Science Park (TSP) is between Sinshih, Shanhua, and Anding
districts of Tainan City with a total area of 1043 ha (2,578 ac),

Industrial Cluster of

Hsinchu Science Park (1980)
Industrial Cluster of

Central Taiwan Science Park (2003)
Industrial Cluster of

Southern Taiwan Science Park
1996; approximately 1,613 hectares

Fig. 1. STSP and science park sites in Taiwan

*Correspondence to : Prof. Shiann-Far Kung
Department of Urban Planning, National Cheng Kung University, Taiwan
E-mail : kungshiannfar@gmail.comasser1967@yahoo.com
World Technopolis Review
Copyright©World Technopolis Association
This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons
Attribution Non-Commercial License(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which
permits unrestricted noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

while Kaohsiung Science Park (KSP) is located between
Luzhu, Gangshan, and Yong-an districts of Kaohsiung city in
the area of 570 ha (1,409 ac). National Science Council established a management body – Southern Taiwan Science Park
Administration (STSPA), located in TSP to serve the tenant
firms in both sites. <Fig. 1> shows the location of STSP and
its two park sites, <Table 1> shows some basic development information.

2014 Copyright©World Technopolis Association

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578 ac) Kaohsiung (570 ha/1.tw 350 333 328 308 300 284 259 241 250 221 200 200 180 159 150 129 94 100 66 47 50 29 20 /0 6 13 12 20 20 11 20 10 20 20 09 08 20 07 20 06 20 05 20 04 20 20 03 02 20 01 20 00 20 99 19 19 98 0 Fig.3. Number of Tenant Firms in Southern Taiwan Science Park 1998-2013/06 Source: Southern Taiwan Science Park. www. as shown in <Fig.646) However. Indeed. and diversified ecology. and at the same time.org/10. STSPA did not satisfied with the economic-only development model along with the fast industrial growth.55 STSP is established in 1998.987 ac Tainan (1043 ha/2.876 (May 2013) Tainan Science Park (59.gov.230) Kaohsiung Science Park (5. Positioning Globally” in 2012 envision STSP aspiration to become a high-tech industrial and talent center in Asia. STSPA also put forward the importance of creating a better environment by promoting environmental protection.409 ac) Number of firms 333 companies (June 2013) Annual turnover USD20. STSP has devoted to this strand of thoughts and practice further. comfortable life.3:55-61 http://dx. MAJOR INDUSTRIAL CLUSTERS According to the high technology industry sector used by the science park official statistics in Taiwan. develop businesses and create job opportunities in Southern Taiwan. major contribu- Source: Southern Taiwan Science Park.stsipa. Table 1. culture and art “green production. green technology.gov. because the primary goal for the development of science parks in Taiwan is to enhance the growth of high technology industries.” This article will briefly review and update the ongoing development practice.doi. and it has been trying to give additional meanings to the science parks it operates.Best Practice of Science / Technology Parks WTR 2014. 2>. it has embraced very fast increase of investment in terms of tenant companies.tw 56 2014 Copyright©World Technopolis Association . and the new slogan “Cultivating Southern Taiwan.stsipa. and it is generally seen as a successful high tech industrial development project. www.7 billion (2012) Total number of employees 64.1. 2. Current Statistics of Southern Taiwan Science Park (STSP) Total area 1613 ha/3. Kung (2014) recently reviewed the development processes of STSP and the evolution of its “green development strategies”. 2.7165/wtr2014.

with the revenue of USD 267. TSMC. www. Examples of Companies in STSP High-Tech Industry Cluster High-tech industry cluster Examples of companies Integrated Circuits/IC Hitachi. MEM Dentala.gov. The leading company of the cluster .75 0. there are 11 IC manufacturers in STSP. GenMont (bio-medicine). Daifuku. TSMC. Collamatrix (regenerativemedicine).47 1. ProMD (food biotech). Foresight (Lithium cells).ChipMOS.04 Telecommunications 11 3.8 billion in 2012. INNOLUX. Epilux.61 0.28 Other technology industry 4 2. telecommunications (11 companies). Table 2. computer and peripheral (2 companies). STSP’s Revenue by Its Industry Sector (2012) Industry revenue Industry sector Number of companies USD billion % Optoelectronics 47 312. comprising 42. Synbio. Genesis (LED). UMC. UMC. and other industries (5 companies) contribute smaller portion of STSP’s revenue. Duratek.34 billion. Other industries such as biotechnology (48 companies).NITTO OPTICAL Green Energy and Energy Saving MOTECH. 50.Chi Mei Group has established 7 fabs and OLED R&D center in STSP. Integrated Circuits/IC As per 2012.98 % of STSP’s total revenue. GIGA Ziolar (solar system components).86 50.98 Precision machinery 44 26. Gigastorage (solar cells).gov. K-Star.stsipa.Shiann-Far Kung.34 42. www.00 Source: Southern Taiwan Science Park.96 4. The sector generated USD 312.33 Biotechnology 48 6.06 168 Total 621.tw Table 3. STSPA considers there are four major high-tech industry clusters formed in STSP: Optoelectronics The optoelectronics cluster has reached 47 establishments as per 2012.58 Computer & peripherals 2 1.tw 2014 Copyright©World Technopolis Association 57 . WTR3(1):55 tions of the STSP’s revenues come from the optoelectronics industry (47 companies).stsipa. Tosoh Quartz Taiwan Optoelectronics 3M.56 0. Nissan Chemical Taiwan.03% of STSP’s total revenue. followed by Integrated Circuit (11 companies). Tangeng Advanced Vehicle (electric vehicle) Biotechnology G&E Herbal Biotanico (medicine).96 100. and precision machinery (44 companies).30 Integrated circuits 11 267. Chi-Mei EL. and Yi-Chuan LIN. ALLIANCE GLOBAL (medical devices) Source: Southern Taiwan Science Park.4 0. E-One. as shown in <Table 2>.41 Other services in STSP 1 0.

The execution is in a form of national competition for start-up teams in the field of science-technology. The government allocates NTD35 million (USD1. Retention Pond 2014 Copyright©World Technopolis Association .3. and research in the field of green technology. STSP is integrating culture and creativity in its environment. Innovation and start-up platform (increase new innovative firms): The objective of this development plan is to promote innovation and entrepreneurship in STSP. academia.55 Hitachi are among the few companies which operate in STSP. Biotechnology Biothechonology industry is one of the core industries which contributes to the revenue of STSP. STSP invites more companies to fulfill the supply chain of each sector to attract more companies to join the science park. LED. STSP hosts the extension branch of the National Museum of Prehistory and Fig. mentored in science park incubation center. the application is open for the second competition. 1. E-One Moli Energy Corp which is now one of the top five largest manufacturers of lithium batteries of hybrid electric cars. for example. with the aim to select 30-40 new teams. <Fig.doi.1. shortlisted into 36 teams in the final. <Fig.7165/wtr2014.47 billion. 243 teams registered.3:55-61 http://dx. 3. a better environment for innovation. Integration of cultural and creative industries in STSP (culture and creativity): As part of STSPA’s vision to create better and healthy environment. In the first competition. This development plan is based on the research of “National Energy Technology Plan” and “Green Energy Industry Improvement Plan” which provide the research fund to STSP for developing green technology andapply it to practical products. Green Energy and Energy Saving This includes those companies specializing in solar energy. Some of the companies became major world’s supplier.17 million) from August 2013 – August 2014 for firms in STSP to collaborate in R&D with 1 academia or research institution. the STSPA has been looking into the possibility of establishing some additional contributions to the society in general and persistently finding tactics to realize these thoughts – industries and spatial planning that can contribute to the sustainability of the earth. DEVELOPMENT DIRECTION While the business investment and market force have shaped the current industrial composition in the park. 4. to finally reach the goal of STSP as a green energy cluster.04 % of STSP’s total revenue. STSPA 58 Green Energy and green spatial development (Sustainability): The development plan is to encourage firms in STSP to collaborate with industry. including 9 teams from STSP. Major tenants in each of these clusters are listed in <Table 3>.org/10. and integration of culture and technology. Fig. 7>. 3. contributed USD 6. UMC has set up its R&D Center in STSP. At the moment. 3-6>. There are 48 companies as per 2012. lithium batteries for electric hybrid cars.Best Practice of Science / Technology Parks WTR 2014.

innovation and culture. STSP Green Map (Source: STSPA) Fig. Commercial and Creative Center Fig. STSP also hosts activities in the park to promote arts and culture.Shiann-Far Kung. and Yi-Chuan LIN. <Fig. WTR3(1):55 also provides the land for public arts and cultural artifacts to create fun and surprises in the technology parks. more than one third (27) of the items can be regarded as events related to the enhancement of development with sustainability. Experience Taiwan Hakka Culture. INNOVATION AND CULTURE IN 2012 In practice. Public Art and Cultural Activity (Source: STSPA) 2014 Copyright©World Technopolis Association 59 . STSP Arts Festival. A brief review of the chronicles in the STSPA official website indicates that out of the total 76 milestone activities recorded in year 2012. 5. STSP MAJOR EVENTS FOR SUSTAINABILITY. 7. STSP hosts and participates in numerous events of various scales in accordance to the development direction described in the previous section.” and “promotion of culture and arts” in order to make the STSP an outstanding example in the promotion of a balanced development of high technology industries and green environment. 8. These development directions have been emphasized again in the 2013 STSP Administration prospect as “dedication to the development of Industrial clusters.” “commitment to sustainable development. 6. as shown in <Table 4>. such as Spring Culture and Art Festival. and STSP Creative Design Exhibition. 8> 4. Fig. TSMC Fab (Green Building) Fig.

May 25 . universities provide human capital needed by science park firms. As per May 2013. current situations include: University as the provider of human capital.September 1 .October 24 .1 of the Tainan Science Park ·Official Launch of Free Shuttle Bus Services at the Kaohsiung Science Park ·Completion of Construction Project 3 of LED Street Lamps at Phase 1 Site of the Tainan Science Park ·UMC Wins the Special Honor of 2012 Taiwan Green Classics Awards Organized by the Ministry of Economic Affairs (MOEA) ·Resource Recycling Center was awarded the “2012 Outstanding Energy Saving Award.Best Practice of Science / Technology Parks WTR 2014. 60 .November 6 . STSP’s Major Events in 2012 Green technology ·The Commencement of PV Equipment Installed on Courtyard of the STSP Administration Building ·STSP Hope Forest Tree Plantation Activity ·Seminar on the Promotion of Green Science Parks and Green Factories (at the Tainan Science Park) ·Seminar on the Promotion of Green Science Parks and Green Factories (at the Kaohsiung Science Park) ·Completion of Green 26 and Green 29 Green Land Construction and Pilot Plantation Engineering of Park No. 16 % with college degree.October 4 .876 employees in STSP: 24 % with high-school degree. 40 % with bachelor degree.November 15 However.April 12 .3.March 10 – April 28 . University serves as the supplier of human capital for the job market.September 19 .doi.November 22.July 9 .October 24 .November 19 . there are 64. they collaborate with high technology firms in research and development activities.December 7 Culture and creativity ·2012 STSP’s Late Spring Art and Culture Festival ·Mosquito Cinema in the Summer (Outdoor movie theater) in Tainan Science Park ·Mosquito Cinema in the Summer (Outdoor movie theater) in Kaohsiung Science Park ·Experience Traditional Local Life in Taiwan: Hakka Culture ·Completion of Art Work of Water Tower of Daoye Lake at Tainan Science Park ·STSP Art Festival ·STSP Creative Design Exhibition . they provide ideas to the science park management bodies.December 1 .7165/wtr2014.3:55-61 http://dx.February 21 .August 9 .September 15 .1. including STSP. are often regarded as one of the key factors to support the success of science parks.September 23 .September 18 .October 26 .6 at the Kaohsiung Science Park ·Completion of Plantation at Park No.December 18-21 Other activities ·Closing Ceremony of the 13th Neighborhood Cup and Fun Contest ·Declaration for Releasing the White Paper on Occupational Safety at the STSP 5.org/10.January 10 .May 28 .55 Table 4. the role of university seems to be not the same through the course of science park development. MOEA” ·Seminar on Low Carbon Green Energy Subsidy Program and Planning of Innovative Product Competition Contest . 18 % with master 2014 Copyright©World Technopolis Association .August 9 . with their professors and research teams. 2012 Innovation and start-up platform ·Seminar on Applications by Colleges and Universities for Talent Cultivation Subsidies ·Commencement of 2012 Professional and Technical Talent Training Project ·Result Presentation of 2011 Talent Cultivation Subsidy Program at the Science Parks ·Result Presentation of R&D Advancement of Industry-Academia Cooperation ·The 5th Biomedical Engineering Creative Design and Production Contest ·Closing Ceremony of 2012 Professional and Technical Talent Training Project ·2012 Project Conclusion of Energy and Water Conservation Consultation to Park Enterprises . In general.November 1 .March 27 . THE ROLE OF UNIVERSITY IN SCIENCE PARK Universities. In the case of STSP.

Another project aiming at improving the creative and innovative environment in STSP is also being contracted to NCKU which the author is involved. Kung and Yen (2010) reviewed the formation of medical device industrial cluster in STSP. We may find that most important among these measures since 2010 include: the construction of green environment and green energy industrial cluster. 7>. and 1 % with doctorate degree. In the early years. and NCKU is again providing consultancy services to STSPA and the teams.Shiann-Far Kung. although there is no detailed information. S. National Cheng Kung University has been invited to operate an incubation center in STSP for more than ten years. and Phillips.”in Oh. With the rise of cultural and creative industries and their mutual benefit potentials with new technologies. the recent trend is to promote the collaboration between academia and industry. and Y. Ministry of Economic Affairs (MOEA). F.. F. and the invitation of culture and creativeactivities. can be taken as one of the fruitful cases of such R&D collaborations. WTR3(1):55 degree. National Science Council. Universities as collaborator in R&D. and in 2013. Southern Taiwan Science Park is reacting to the global industrial change and global concern of sustainable development with various strategies and tactics. S. S. Kung. Yen. academia from relevant disciplines of major universities are invited as the evaluator of new investment projects. Korea. Most often. (2010) “The Innovation Platform for the Medical Device Industry in Kaohsiung Science Park.” UNESCO-WTA Workshop (3 November). Universities as consultant. F. NCKU and other universities in the region are collaborating actively with STSPA and its tenant firms in the processes of making a better future Southern Taiwan Science Park. and Ministry of Education (MOE) provides fund to partially support research projects between universities and STSP firms. a more innovative climate. the general impression is that the majority of them are from universities in the region. (eds. It is obvious that nearly 60 % of the STSP workforce are university graduates. In summary. Daejeon. C. (2014) “Green Development Strategies at Southern Taiwan Science Park. and Yi-Chuan LIN. Academia are often invited to provide expert views on the policies development and directions of science park. However. REFERENCES Kung. D. This new strategy has increased the amount of industry-academic R&D collaborations in Taiwan significantly.) Technopolis: Best Practices for Science & Technology Cites (London: Springer-Verlag) 371-386. ROC government concentrated its efforts to promote R&D activities on the high tech firms in science parks. it was invited again to assist pre-enterprise stage teams which had good ideas to develop their businesses. 2014 Copyright©World Technopolis Association 61 . STSP is going to examine the possibilities of crossing the border of “science-based industries” and to allow those potential teams to reside in the spare spaces in the commercial center Park 17 <Fig.