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ICS 27.

140
F 22

NATIONAL STANDARD OF
THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
中华人民共和国国家标准
GB/T 8564-2003
Replace GB/T 8564-1988

Specification for Installation of
Hydraulic Turbine Generator Units

水轮发电机组安装技术规范

Issued on September 15, 2003

Implemented on March 1, 2004

Issued by General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and
Quarantine of the People's Republic of China and Standardization
Administration of the People's Republic of China

NATIONAL STANDARD OF
THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
中华人民共和国国家标准
Specification for Installation of
Hydraulic Turbine Generator Units

水轮发电机组安装技术规范
GB 8564-2003

Chief Development Department: China Gezhouba (Group) Corporation,
Sinohydro Corporation, China Three Gorges Project Corporation and Harbin
Electric Machinery Co., Ltd.
Implementation date: March 1, 2004

Standards Press of China
中国标准出版社
Beijing 2004

Contents
1 Scope............................................................................................................................................. 7
2 Normative standards................................................................................................................... 7
3 General principles....................................................................................................................... 8
4 General regulations..................................................................................................................... 9
5 Installation of vertical type reaction turbine .......................................................................... 12
5.1 Installation of built-in fitting......................................................................................... 12
5.2 Runner installation ........................................................................................................ 21
5.3 Preassembling of the guide apparatus.......................................................................... 24
5.4 Emplacement and installation of rotatable parts ........................................................ 26
5.5 Installation and adjustment of guide blade and/or servomotor................................. 27
5.6 Installation of water conduit and main shaft seal ....................................................... 29
5.7 Installation of fittings..................................................................................................... 30
6 Installation of tubular turbine ................................................................................................. 31
6.1 Installation of built-in fitting......................................................................................... 31
6.2 Installation of principal axes ......................................................................................... 34
6.3 Installation of guide apparatus ..................................................................................... 34
6.4 Installation of guide apparatus ..................................................................................... 34
6.5 Installation of the principal axes, runner and runner chamber ................................ 35
7 Installation of impulse turbine................................................................................................. 35
7.1 Installation of diversion conduit ................................................................................... 35
7.2 Installation of case.......................................................................................................... 36
7.3 Installation of the bearing of turbine shaft .................................................................. 36
7.4 Installation of turbine shaft........................................................................................... 36
7.5 Installation of sprayer and servomotor........................................................................ 37
7.6 Installation of runner..................................................................................................... 37
7.7 Installation and adjustment of control mechanism..................................................... 37
8 Installation and debugging of speed regulating system ......................................................... 37
8.1 Installation and debugging of oil pressure devices...................................................... 37
8.2 Installation of speed governor....................................................................................... 39
8.3 Oil filling adjustment test of speed regulating system ................................................ 41
8.4 Simulation test of speed regulating system .................................................................. 42
9 Installation of vertical type hydrogenerator........................................................................... 42
9.1 Combination of framework........................................................................................... 42
9.2 Grounding and scraping of bearing shell..................................................................... 43
9.3 Stator installation........................................................................................................... 44
9.4 Rotor installation............................................................................................................ 50
9.5 Overall installation......................................................................................................... 56
9.6 Installation of excitation system and devices ............................................................... 64
10 Installation of horizontal hydraulic generator ..................................................................... 65
10.1 Grounding and scraping of bearing bush .................................................................. 65
10.2 Installation of bearing pedestal................................................................................... 66
10.3 Installation of stator, rotor and/or fitment ................................................................ 66

.2 Water filling test of assembling unit................................. 67 11 Installation of bulb-type hydraulic generator ............................................ 78 15 Trial run of water-turbine generator set........................................................................................................... 94 Annex D................................ 73 12.................................... 70 12...................................... 82 15.............................................................................2 Installation of ball valve....................................................................... 68 11................................................................................. 101 Annex G ................................................................. 72 12...............1 Fabrication of pipe fittings and fitments of pipeline ......1 General specifications ...........4 Test over paralleling in of unit and under load ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................5 Installation of operating mechanism ......4 Checking of each part of the bearing and clearance adjustment.....3 Installation of principal axes and composition bearing .........3 Installation of flexible connector..................................................................... 77 14 Electrical test of water-turbine generator set ............... 68 11......1 Installation of stator.........................4 Treatment of the inner wall of pipeline.......... 75 13.............. 70 12. 77 13.... 69 12 Installation of pipelineand and fitments..................................................................................1 Installation of butterfly valve.......................................................................... 75 13.......................................4 The installation of hydraulic control valve and air valve ........................................................................... 68 11.......................................2 Installation of rotor.......3 Installation of pipeline . 75 12.......... 82 15......................................................5 Test of the conduit and pipe fittings .......................................................................................... 104 ........................................................................................................................................... 90 Annex B.......................................................................................................................... 96 Annex E........................................................................................................2 Pipeline welding................ 68 11....................................................................................................................4 Generator installation............................................... 77 13....................................................................................................................................... 75 13 Installation of butterfly valve and ball valve ....................................................................................................................................... 83 15.......... 83 15......................................3 Zero load trial run of unit ............10...... 98 Annex F ........................................................................................................................................ 76 13..................................................... 86 Annex A.................................................................................................

Therefore. debugging and testing of hydraulic turbine generator units and relevant auxiliary facilities and main content for unit acceptance and examination. This standard is applicable to the installation of all types of hydraulic turbine generator units and relevant auxiliary facilities.The standard is clearly classified to be a piece of recommended standard. this standard contains supplements. -.Partial contents of installation of speed regulator. assembly of welded generator engine frame. -. The original standard summarizes technologies for installation of hydraulic turbine generator units and relevant auxiliary facilities in and before 1988.Foreword This standard provides basis for the installation. welding of disc-type rotor. and makes references of some relevant content in foreign standards. -. assembly of generator stator base and iron core. E and F attached hereto are informative. On the basis of the original standard. installation of excitation system and commissioning of reversible pump-storage unit. aqueduct installation and bearing assembly of action turbine. Although stator windings of internal water cooling and evaporative cooling have already been adopted in some units in China. D. Annexes B.Application scope of original standard is changed and "Scope" and "Normative References" are stated separately herein.Indices and limit values of some articles are partially adjusted and increased. This standard is the revision of GB 8564-1998 Specification for Installation of Hydraulic Turbine Generator Units (hereinafter referred to as "the original standard"). -. experiences in design and construction of these cooling types are immature and these cooling types may not be promoted in the future. and installation of mechanical hydraulic speed regulator and drying of stator winding are stated in annex. these two cooling types are not covered herein. This standard is proposed by and under the jurisdiction of China Electricity Council Standardization Center. Annexes A. Compared with GB 864-1988. This standard will replace GB 8564-1988 from the implementation date of this standard. adjustment test of oil charging for speed regulating system. China Gorges Project Corporation and Harbin Electric .Installations of mechanical hydraulic speed regulator. deletions and amendments to specifications for installation of large and medium hydraulic turbine generator units and relevant auxiliary facilities including those imported since 1989. Chief Development Department: China Gezhouba (Group) Corporation. initiator and permanently-magnetic machine are deleted from the text of original standard. Sinohydro Corporation. the following changes are made herein: -. such as installation of cylindrical valve. -. technical requirements of pipeline welding and quality inspection. C and G attached hereto are normative.The following contents are supplemented.

Zhao Guishan. China Electricity Council Standardization Center is responsible for interpretation of this standard. Liu Canxue and Tang Wanbin. Liu Yongdong.Machinery Co. Yin Longsheng. . Gong Deping. Zhang Chengping.. Zhao Shiru. Yang Xiyin. Huang Hongyong. Wang Quanlong. Qin Xixiang. Li Zheng'an. Zhang Lianbin. Wang Tian. Zhang Hua. Du Qichen. Chief Drafting Staff: Fu Yuanchu. Jiang Xiaobing. Xu Guangtao. Zhang Yaozhong. Ltd. Liu Yanhua.

constitute provisions of this national standard.2 Test acceptance codes of governors and pressure oil supply units for hydro-turbines. and d).5m and/or above c) Radial-axial flow turbine with its nominal diameter of runner at 2.0 m and/or above d) Axial flow.1 Specifications of governors and Pressure oil supply units for hydraulic turbines. For undated reference. through reference in this text. mixed flow variable pitch turbine. GB/T9652. 2 Normative standards The following normative documents contain provisions. GB/T9652. GB/T7894 Fundamental technical requirements for hydraulic turbine generators. GB11345 Method for manual ultrasonic testing and classification of testing results for ferritic steel welds. . It is applicable to the installation and/or acceptance of hydraulic turbine generator units in compliance with the following conditions: a) Unit capacity of 15MW and/or higher b) Impulse hydraulic turbine with its nominal diameter of runner at 1. GB/T10969 Specifications for water passage components of hydraulic turbines. subsequent amendments to. which.3 Excitation system for synchronous electrical machines-Technical requirements of excitation system for large and medium synchronousgenerators. GB3323 Methods for radiographic inspection and classification of radiographs for fusion welded butt joints in steel GB/T7409. This national standard is applicable to the installation and/or acceptance of reversible pump storage unit. For dated reference. and tubular turbine. Hydraulic turbine generator units with unit capacity smaller than 15MW and units with nominal diameter of turbine runner smaller than that specified in b). GB/T11120L-TSA Turbine Oil.Specification for Installation of Hydraulic Turbine Generator Units 1 Scope This national standard regulates the installation. with nominal diameter of runner at 3. the latest edition of the normative document referred to applies. debugging of hydraulic turbine generator units and the requirements of test. However. or revisions of.0m and/or above. it is recommended parties reaching agreement according to this national standard carry out a study on if the most updated version of these documents may be applied or not . c). any of these publications do not apply.

inspection and test records. GB50171 Acceptance of switchboard outfit complete cubicle and secondary Circuit Electric Machine. a) Equipment installation. JB/T4709 Welding specification for steel pressure vessels.2 Other than this national standard. operation. GB50150 Emending explanation of Standard for hand-over test of electric equipment electric equipment. DL/T827 Start-up test code for bulb tubular hydraulic-turbine and generator units. fire control. d) Material quality and performance certificate of vital parts. JB/T8439Technical requirements on suppress corona of high-tension machines used in high altitude areas JB/T8660 Standard for hydroelectric set packing. checking the supply list and random packing list. DL/T679 Code for welder technical qualification. and then operate according to JB/T8660. generally. the requirements of the manufacturer shall proceed. . JB/T6204 Specification for withstand voltage test on stator coil and winding insulation of high voltage AC machines. 3. consult with the manufacturer for a settlement.GB/T18482 Start . and so on issued by the state or related authorities. GB50168 Code for construction and acceptance of cable levels electric equipment installation engineering. installation of unit and its auxiliary facilities shall also comply with current related specifications on safety.up test code for reversible pump . b) All random drawing materials (including equipment installation drawing and structure drawing of spare parts).1 Installation of water-turbine generator set shall proceed according to this national standard in compliance with the installation drawing approved by design organization and manufacturer as well as related technical documents. the installation party may participate in unpacking.3 Equipment for water-turbine generator units shall be in accordance with the regulations of current national standard and purchase contract. In case of a conflict between the technical requirements from the manufacturer and this standard. environmental protection. DL/T507 Start-up test code for hydraulic-turbine and generator units. Special requirements raised by the manufacturer shall be satisfied according to related technical documents. c) Certificate of analysis. transportation and preservation 3 General principles 3. Otherwise. The following documents shall be taken as important evidence for acceptance of both unit and it auxiliary equipment as well as quality acceptance. instruction on operation and maintenance and technical documentation. 3. counting. After the equipment arrives at the acceptance spot. Supplementary provisions for requirements not listed in this standard and technical documents of manufacturer shall be specified additionally.storage units.

deviation of the elevation of entombment of equipment foundation bedplate shall not exceed . The following requirements shall be met: a) Installation field shall be windproof. the installation must be carried out after treatment. the temperature shall not be lower than 5°C. lifting jack. proceed the test run according to this national standard and DL/T507. construction tools and materials shall be placed in order. read design drawing. proceed the acceptance of the unloading phase of this unit.3 After fitting entombment part. d) Safety facilities for construction in compliance with requirements must be equipped on site. 4. fabrication and installation. and then make out a logical construction design in compliance with the actual conditions. 3. 4.3. c) Enough illumination shall be provided on the construction field. Packed equipment under warranty may not have to be dis-integrated.1 Before installation.5 Before the installation. 3. wedge. Foundation bolt. humidity and other special conditions. Hand over related materials according to the requirements of Annex A. For places with flaws. Installation equipment.6 All materials used in the installation of water-turbine generator unit shall be in accordance with design requirements. 3. The built-in fitting and the concrete binding surface shall be free of oil sludge and serious rustiness. high explosive items must have corresponding safety provisions. Horizontal deviation is no greater than 1mm/m.8 After the completion of the installation of water-turbine generator set. factory inspection record and related technical documents carefully and be familiar with them.5mm ~ 0mm. Primary materials must possess inspection certificate and certificate of analysis. Comprehensively check the quality of design. Equipment inspection and flaw treatment shall have records and licenses. the installations shall be implemented according to the design specifications. read related civil design drawing and participate in the acceptance of the delivered civil construction parts.2 Generally. 4 General regulations 4. and floor plate shall all be spot-welded and fixed. fastener. reinforce it. For other equipments and parts that have requirements over temperature. rainproof and dustproof. e) Civilize production.4 Before the installation. Relative humidity of air shall not be higher than 85%.7 Plan the installation field integrated. The construction site shall keep clean. 4. Passage remains to be smooth. After the test run is proved qualified. Unit installation must proceed after the completion of the factory building roofs of this unit and adjacent units are sealed. Clear the site on the completion of work. clear and inspect the equipment overall.4 Installation of the anchor bolt shall comply with the following requirements: . Deviation of the center and azimuth distribution shall not be greater than 10mm. Check the main dimensions and/or tolerance of primary parts according to the drawing requirements as well as ex-factory records. 3. Places to put flammable. b) Generally.

measure with 0.05mm feeler gauge and the gauge shall not pass through. each machine shall be assembled with the part marked with the same series design. the weld length shall not be smaller than 10 times the diameter of anchor bolt. for rotating installation. others are all numbered clockwise. squareness deviation of bolt hole wall shall not be greater than L/200 (L refers to the length of anchor bolt mm.7 The coupling surfaces of equipment shall be smooth and burr free. Generally. b) Centre of second phase concrete direct burial and casing flush type anchor bolt shall comply with design requirement. Squareness deviation shall be smaller than L/450. the elevation and depth of the bolt shall be in compliance with the design requirement. the same for the following context) and shall be smaller than 10mm.5 Use wedge plate pairs and the overlapping length shall be 2/3 upwards. For joint close clearance.1 polar of rotor. the weld length shall not be smaller than 5 times the diameter of the anchor bolt. . The discrepancy in elevation shall not be greater than 0mm ~ +3mm.a) Check if the anchor bolt hole is in the right position. The total length shall not exceed 20% of the perimeter. When single side welding is adopted. The serial numbering in the installation record of same kind of installation or survey points for fixed parts shall begin from +Y and be numbered clockwise (begin from generator end.8 Match marks shall be considered during component installation. Attention shall be paid to the above numbering regulations of the manufacturer. and the embedded bar shall be upright. Second term concrete on the floor plate shall be poured and compacted. 4. 3) When the bolt and embedded bar adopts double side welding. 4. 2) Cross-sectional area of embedded bar shall be greater than that of bolt.05mm feeler gauge. fitting surface at the combination slot staggering shall not exceed 0.10mm feeler gauge and the depth shall not exceed 1/3 the width of plane of composition. 4. The inner wall of the hole shall be roughened and cleaned. No clearance shall exist around the assembling bolt and pin bolt. Partial clearance is allowed. Check with 0. begin from the position of No. Welding of screw on it shall conform to the following requirement: 1) Material quality of embedded bar shall agree with the material quality of anchor bolt basically. 4. c) Anchor bolt adopts embedded bar. The deviation of center shall not be greater than 2mm. Except that the survey point on the jigger is numbered counterclockwise. Deviation of the screw center line and base center line shall not be greater than 10mm.6 Install the equipment after the substructure concrete intensity reaches 70% of the design value. inspect the contact situation with 0.10 mm. same for the following context). For the wedge plate that bears important parts. The contact length of each side shall be greater than 70%. When a lot of machines are installed together.

Lock and fasten the bolt. no leakage or crackles. the test pressure shall be twice the working pressure. Carry out the waterproof test of single cooler according to design requirement. f) No matter which method to take in measuring the center or roundness of the unit. b) Deviation of X. but the minimal pressure shall not be smaller than 0. Sustain for 30 minutes.10 Universality measurement of the unit shall conform to the following requirements: a) Check and adjust all measuring tools in the qualified metrological examination departments. The parallelism shall meet the design requirements. 4. c) Measuring error of the height deviation of each part shall not exceed±0. drill hinge pin tack hole and fit pin bolt according to design requirement. g) Pay attention to the impact on the surveying accuracy by temperature fluctuation. Sustain for 10 minutes. the pre-tightening force deviation shall not exceed the 10% of the set value. 4.05mm. the screw thread shall be applied with lubricant. 4. Keystrokes in-pair shall be checked in pair.11 In the intensity waterproof test for field manufactured bearing equipment and bridge pieces.25 times the actual working pressure.4MPa.5mm.3mm ~ 0. and pin bolt according to design requirements.14 Welding of assembling unit and its auxiliary facilities shall comply with the following requirements: . Its tension stress shall not be smaller than 1200MPa.9 For connecting bolt with pre-tightening force requirement.4mm. During the leakage test. 4. The tolerance shall comply with design specification. Sustain for 30min. no leakage phenomena. do not dismantle the vessel after finishing the leakage test. Connecting bolt shall be fastened evenly by many times. the test pressure is actual working pressure. Y datum line and height point used in the installation of unit against the data mark of factory building shall not exceed±1mm.4. After each part is installed. If not regulated. sustain at least 4h.12 In the kerosene leakage test of vessel. spot check the pretension of around 20% bolt. preliminary tension shall not be smaller than twice the design work stress and shall not exceed 3/4 of the yield strength of materials. the measuring error shall not be greater than 0. If no leakage phenomena. Amend the measured number according to the changes of temperature during the measuring. sustain for 8 hours. d) Horizontal survey deviation shall not exceed 0. and so on.13 Single keystroke shall coordinate with keystroke for the examination. bolt cap. diameter of the steel wire used by the center is 0. the test pressure is 1. the test pressure is 1. During the installation of closely-pitched connecting bolt. After fastening. no leakage phenomena. e) Generally.4Mpa. If not specified by the manufacturer. but no lower than 0. During the tightness compression test of equipment and its bridge pieces. Adopt thermal state screwed bolt. no leakage phenomena. 4.5 times the nominal operating pressure.02mm/m.

bubble free. 4. 4. except for the tube color. See Annex F. After the installation of assembling unit. clean and check carefully both inside and outside the unit.1. If the color and factory building ornament do not agree. d) Coating of the site operation shall be homogeneous.1 Installation of built-in fitting 5. b) Range deviation from the nose steel liner side to Y-axis of assembling unit±15mm. 5. c) Discrepancy in elevation from the top of the nose steel liner (or bottom) ±10mm.a) Welders of assembling unit and its auxiliary facilities shall attend special item training and examination regularly as required by the manufacturer. 4.15 Trademark of turbine lubricating used by assembling unit and speed-regulating system shall comply with the design regulations. No impurities or nastiness shall exist. wrinkle free and with the same color.1 Installation of the steel liner on the nose of the splitter wall of draft pipe shall comply with the following requirements: a) Range deviation from the top of nose steel liner to the X-axis of assembling unit ±30mm. d) Squareness deviation of the nose steel liner 10mm. Welding quality shall be checked as required by the design drawing. if the finish coat is damaged partially. fix it according to the requirements of original coating. colors of other parts are changeable.2 Permissible deviation of installation of draft tube liner shall conform to the requirements of Table 1. welding shall proceed according to the welding process or welding procedure specification specified by the manufacturer after the qualification of welding procedure.1. They must hold certificate to take the position after they pass examinations and are licensed.18 Antisepsis painting of each part of the water-turbine generator set shall satisfy the following requirements: a) Each part of the assembling unit shall be pre-treated and painted in the manufacturing factory according to the design drawing. b) All the length and height of the welding seams shall meet the drawing requirements. e) Installation that needs to be varnished on site according to contract or required specially shall comply with regulations. b) Installation (including site-welding seams) needs to be painted with final coating on site shall proceed according to the design requirements. c) For important components. 5 Installation of vertical type reaction turbine 5.16 All monitoring equipment and automation components of the assembling unit shall be check and qualified according to the ex-factory specifications. .17 Assembling and general installation of the water-turbine generator as well as installation shall all be kept clean. 4. c) During the installation process.

B –section length. r – arc radius of section ±0. 1 2 3 4 5 Item Dimension of section of elbow tube Lower tube mouth of elbow Elbow pipe. D<3000 3000≤D<6000 6000≤D<8000 D≥10.0015D 10 0~+18 12 Distance from X.000 000 ±0. equally divided into 8~24 points .0015H (B.001H (B. r) Smooth transition of the down tube mouth of elbow pipe and concrete pipe mouth 4 0~+8 6 0~+12 8 0~+15 ±0. Y reference line of unit 0~+20 Evenly divided into 8~24 points for the measurement D – Design value of tube diameter. Y marks of the measured tube mouth to X. top tube mouth of conical tube and/or azimuth Elevation of the top tube mouth of shaft tube and conical tube Diameter of the pipe orifice of conical Table 1 Permissible deviation for Installation of Draft Tube Liner Unit: in millimeter Runner diameter D 8000≤D<10.Serial No. r) Description H – Section height.

001 L Perimeter of pipe orifice 25 Measurement or examination with plumbing bobs. smooth transition with the concrete pipe mouth 30 .0015 L 10 15 20 0.6 7 tube Perimeter difference of the neighboring pipe orifice inwalls of conical tube Center of the down tube mouth of conical tube without elbow pipe liner 0.

5. and the stand ring installation Unit: in millimeter. 0. 300 0 ≤D < 600 0 Item D < 3000 1 Center and azimuth 2 Elevation 3 4 Flatne ss of flange face to install coping and base ring Radial survey 2 3 Notes 600 0≤D < 800 0 4 8000≤ D< 10000 5 D≥10 000 6 Measure the distance between X and Y marks on the built-in fitting and X. measure upper spigot and lower spigot with mixed flow . Special requirement of design shall be met. foundation ring.05 mm/m.60 Site 0.1. and stand ring shall comply with the requirements of Table 2.25 machinework No 0. Y datum line of unit ±3 No machinework at the site 0.35 machinework Difference between each radius and the average radius shall not Roundness of runner exceed ±10% of the design chamber average clearance of the paddle and runner chamber Elevation difference of the highest point and the lowest point Measure the three upper. foundation ring. 0. Table 2 Permissible deviation for Runner chamber.3 Permissible variation of the installation of throating ring. maximal no greater than 0.6 machinework 3 Circumferential 40 0 at the site 0 survey Site 0. middle and lower sections with axial flow. Runner diameter D No .

foundation ring. the maximum value is ±9 D ± 0. socket ring plane of composition of screw-in structure shall be applied with sealant. the lower fixed sealing ring hub is taken as the reference.5 During the installation of the upper ring of pillar socket ring and fixed guide vane.1. unit as millimeter Permissible No.1. runner chamber hub is taken as the reference 5. For mixed flow unit. To guarantee end clearance of the guide blade is in accordance with the design requirements. and the combination slot clearance shall be in compliance with the requirements of Article 4.6 Permissible deviation for spiral casing erecting shall conform to the requirements of Table 3.5 Foundation ring. Item Notes deviation G +2~+6 K1~ K2 ± 10 e1 ~ e2 ± 0.5 2. To prevent leakage. and for axial flow unit. socket ring shall have reliable reinforcement measures. foundation ring and socket ring of group weld shall meet the design requirements.0 2.7. as well as the decreasing value of the end surface clearance caused by the tectorial distortion in service. To reduce the distortion in the process of concreting. 1 2 3 4 5 Table 3 Permissible deviation of spiral casing erecting. deviation of measuring tool.5 3.4 Split runner chamber.001 L.002 D . Combination if throating ring. socket ring roundness and/or its right alignment with runner chamber 1. 5. Weld surface shall be burnished and polished. 5. The distortion of socket ring caused by concrete pouring.002 e L ± 0. evenly divide it into 8 ~ 64 measuring points Evenly divides it into 8 ~ 32 measuring points. height from the foundation ring surface to the socket ring surface shall be controlled critically. combination slot of waterway surface may be sealed and welded.1.0 1. direction of the azimuth deviation of socket ring and foundation ring shall be identical.0 variable pitch turbine.

If the straight the unit steel pipe is well pipe assembled. clearance between internodes.14.004 R R . Item Notes deviation Center Distance to 0. 5.003 D D . then the Elevation ±5 steel pipe is taken as the reference and the deviation shall not be greater than 15% of the spiral case thickness Elevation of the ±15 furthest point Inclination of the 5 orientation pipe joint mouth Deviation of ±5 orientation pipe joint mouth and data line Ultima thule radius ±0. b) Generally.7 Permissible deviation for spiral casing assemble shall conform to the requirements of Table 4.Design value of ultima thule radius Pipe orifice knot ±0.Pipe orifice knot height high (section diameter). spiral cases and butt welds connected to the socket ring is 2mm ~ 4mm.1.8 The following requirements shall be met for spiral casing weld: a) Weld shall conform to the regulations of Article 4. unit as millimeter Permissible No.Inlet diameter of of the Y axle of spiral case.1.6 Pipe flatness orifice 3 Combination on the steel platform or guy wire inspection tube mouth shall be on the same surface (belonging to the inspection project). (belonging to inspection project) 5.002 H H . Unevenness of the waterway surface shall not be greater than 10% . 1 2 3 4 5 6 Table 4 Permissible deviation of spiral casing installation.

If not regulated by the manufacturer. it is 10%. for longitudinal seam and butt weld connecting . ∆h=0~5. Table 5 Appearance inspection unit of spiral welding seam No. δ-thickness of the steel plate 0~4 Cover 2~4 of the width of the groove of each side and the transition is smooth Cover 2~7 of the width of the groove of each side and the transition is smooth Clear up Not allowable b) Non-destructive test of welding seam Non-destructive test of welding seam adopts radiographic inspection. accumulated total length of the undercut on both sides not greater than 10% of the overall length of welding seam Not allowable Not allowable 12<δ≤25. 25<δ<80. Item 1 2 3 Crack Surface slag Undercut 4 5 6 Not fully welded Surface porosity Weld Bead Manual welding Remaining-height ∆h Submerged arc welding 7 Width of the Manual welding butt-joint welding Submerged arc welding 8 9 Splash Welding beading Unit: in millimeter Allowable defects dimension Not allowable Not allowable Depth not greater than 0. its length shall not exceed 10% of the weld length.5. ∆h=0~2. It is permitted to make overlay welding treatment at the groove. continuous length not greater than 100.5.of the slab thickness. but the maximal unevenness of longitudinal seam shall not be greater than 2mm and the maximal unevenness of circumferential seam shall not be greater than 3mm. the following requirements shall be met: a) Weld appearance inspection shall conform to the regulations of Table 5. c) If local clearance of groove is over 5mm. 5.1. the inspection length is: For circumferential seam.9 Spiral case welding seam shall accept visual examination and non-destructive examination.

During the pouring course.1.14 Permissible variation for the installation of pit liner shall comply with the requirements of Table 6.13 Roughness of waterway surface of built-in fitting shall comply with the regulations of GB/T10969. 5. Table 6 Permissible variation of the installation of pit liner Unit: in millimeter Runner Diameter No.10 Hydraulic site test of spiral case or pressure maintaining pouring spiral casing floor concrete shall proceed according to the design requirement. the height of each layer is 1m ~ 2m. for the inspection of weld quality. c) Generally. clean the angle iron and pressure plate from spiral case surface. and spiral case (or spiral case underboarding) shall be planished. runner chamber. it shall be welded up and planished. 5. Generally. it is 20%. for the inspection of weld quality. it is 100%. adjust the concrete pouring order according to the practical situation. the stay ring distortion shall be monitored. For skeptical parts. longitudinal seam and butt weld connecting spiral case and socket ring. circumferential seam shall reach Grade III. Waterway surface of built-in fitting and concrete shall transite smoothly.1. 5. if supersonic flaw detecting is adopted.11 Before concrete pouring.1. according to the GB3323 standard. radiographic inspection shall be applied for double check. If the base material is injured.000 20 Notes Measure the distance between undercoat flange and flange bore mouth at the upper . stratified and partitional. welding and/or concrete pouring shall have measures to prevent distortion of socket ring. liquid concrete height is controlled at around 0.spiral case and socket ring.6m. Burr shall be planished. the inspection length is: For circumferential seam.12 Spiral case installation. 5. 1 Item Center D 3000 5 < 3000 ≤D 6000 < 6 000 D 8000 10 15 ≤ 8000≤D < < 10 000 D ≥10. while the longitudinal seam and butt weld connecting spiral case and socket ring shall reach the requirements of Grade BI.1. During non-destructive test. Ascending velocity of concrete pouring shall not be greater than 300mm/h. according to the GB11345 standard. while the longitudinal seam and butt weld connecting spiral case and socket ring shall reach the requirements of Grade II. circumferential seam shall reach Grade BII. 5. Generally. steel liner of concrete spiral casing shall have kerosene permeability examination and welding seam shall be free from penetrability defects. The pouring shall be symmetric.1. According to the actual conditions. and magnetic particle inspection shall be taken. Waterway surface welding seam of throat liner.

evenly divide it into 8~16 points 2 3 4 Diameter of upper port Elevation of upper port Level upper port ±5 ±8 ±10 ±12 Evenly divide it into 8~16 points Evenly divide it into 8~16 points ±3 of 6 5.25 ±1. 1 2 3 Item D<3000 Squareness 0.15 Permissible variation for the installation of servomotor foundation shall be in accordance with the requirements of Table 7. Table 7 Permissible variation for the installation of servomotor foundation Runner Diameter (mm) No.0 ±2.000 D < < 10 8000 000 0.0 elevation (mm) Degree of 1.part of holder.5 2.1.0 1.5 ±3.30 mm/m Center and ±1.5 ±2.0 Notes Measure from the flange face of the stay ring .0 2.5 3.0 parallelization to the co-ordinate data line of unit 3000≤D <6000 6000≤ 8000≤D D≥10.

2. c) Runner crown flange inferior fovea value shall not be greater than 0. e) After the erection welding of differentiate paddle and/or paddle fillet.28. seal ring shall be closely jointed and the weld quality shall be in compliance with the design requirements.3 When the split runner seal ring is rounded. The welding shall be solid. Deviation shall not be greater than 0. static balancing test shall be carried out on the split runner according to requirements of Article 5. Roughness of waterway surface of built-in fitting shall comply with the regulations of GB/T10969. no convexity is allowed. b) Runner crown combination slot clearance shall comply with requirements of Article of 4.2. For principal axes. sensitivity of static balance instrument shall be in compliance with the requirements of Table 8. 5.25. welded and thermally treated according to special group welding process and shall be in accordance with the following requirements: a) Welding seam of throating ring disallow undercut phenomena.2 Runner installation 5.2. and spiral case (or spiral case underboarding) shall be planished. runner roundness at the part to install seal ring shall be in compliance with requirements of 5.8. 5. 5. Defect detecting test shall proceed as required by the manufacturer and shall be in compliance with the following requirements.07mm/m.2. Horizontal deviation of bearing base shall not be greater than 0.7. b) When iron shot or rotating plate balanced method is adopted.07mm.5 Runner static balancing test shall be in compliance with the following requirements: a) Static balance instrument shall be concentric to runner. d) Undercut of welding seam at the lower ring shall not be greater than 0. If hot jacket is required for the seal ring. Clump weight shall be welded on the runner crown superface under the diversion board. Waterway surface welding seam of throat liner.0 co-ordinate data line of unit (mm) 5. Waterway surface of built-in fitting and concrete shall transite smoothly. the measuring points shall be at 32 points and the dimension shall be in compliance with the design requirements.1Split runner of radial-axial flow turbine shall be assembled.2 Before the site welding of seal ring. runner chamber.4 After the rounding. Diversion board shall be fitted during the test.4 Distance to the ±3. The maximum shall not be greater than 0. it shall be in compliance with the design requirements. friction carry-over moment structure shall be adopted.5mm. Epirelief value shall not be greater than 0. Generally. Table 8 Distance from spherical surface center to the gravity center of runner . The roundness shall conform to the requirements of 5. After the welding.06mm.02mm/m.2. blade profile shall be in compliance with the design requirements.03mm/m.2. 5.

oil leakage limit for each single paddle package under or without test pressure shall not exceed the limit regulated in Table 10.t (Kg) t<5000 5000≤t<10000 10000≤t<50000 50000≤t<100000 100000≤t<200000 t≥200000 Maximal distance (mm) Minimal distance (mm) 40 50 60 80 100 120 20 30 40 50 70 90 c) . switch on and off the paddle two or three times per hour.During the adoption of surveying rod strain method or static pressure ball-bearing method. c) During the test. d) No leakage phenomena are allowed for each combination seam.6 Operational test of runner blade of Kaplan turbine and tightness compression test shall meet the following requirements: a) Oiliness of test purpose oil shall be qualified and the oil temperature shall not be lower than 5 °C. and be no greater than fuel oil leakage quantity during the ex-factory test. d) Residual unbalanced moment shall be in compliance with the design requirements.Quality of the runner . b) Maintain 16h under the maximum test pressure.2. If no requirements are raised. Table 10 Oil leakage limit of each single paddle package per hour Runner diameter D (mm) D<3000 3000≤D<6000 6000≤D<8000 8000≤D<10000 D≥10000 . during the test. proceed according to the requirements and process as required by manufacturer. requirements of Table 9 shall be met: Table 9 Allowable imbalance value of the unit mass of runner eper Maximal running rotation speed r/min Allowable imbalance value of the unit mass of runner eper (g·mm/kg) 125 150 200 250 300 400 550 450 330 270 220 170 5.

b) Drop pit of screw bolt of flange shield shall be filled and leveled up.2.7 Joint of principal axes and runner shall be in compliance with the following requirements: a) Flange plane of composition shall be free of clearance.8 Right alignment and/or roundness of each part of the runner shall be examined with principal axes as the center. and 3) Tip of blade when the quantity flow is 0 Nominal head < 1 4) Wearing ring ±15% design 200 m of diversion clearance board 5) Flange protection cover also serves as sealing cover during overhaul Nominal 1) Exterior ±5% design Corresponding 2 head≥200 m margin of upper clearance fixed parts are . Check with 0. f) Plot the relation curve of runner servomotor stroke and paddle rotor angle. 5. Generally. c) Runner boss screw bolt shall be spot welded and fastened.03mm clearance gage and it shall not fill in. The difference between each radius and average radius shall meet the requirements of Table 11. minimal oil pressure to turn on and turn off shall not be greater than 15% of the nominal operating pressure. 5.2. Welding seam shall be planished.Oil leakage limit of the each single paddle package per hour mL/h 5 7 10 12 15 e) Runner servomotor shall move steadily. Frame cover weld shall adopt measures to prevent distortion. Table 11 Permissible variation of right alignment and/or roundness of each part of the runner Permissible No. Item Notes deviation 1) Seal ring ±10% design Tip of blade is 2) Fitting clearance measured only surface of seal when it is ring necessary.

10 mm upper claw tooth 4) Runner band seal coping and/or base ring 5.7.canopy 2) Exterior margin of lower ring 3) Seal ring of ±0. Article 5. 5.2 Spread sealant on the plane of compositions of leaf type base ring. Determine the surface elevation and level of stay ring and foundation ring. measure the unit pit and determine the roundness of bore opening at of socket ring to determine the unit center. When the workface height of seal ring exceeds 200mm.25 0.3. Examine the right alignment and roundness of each fixed sealing ring according to fiducial center of unit.75 1. design requirements shall be met.1 Before the preassembling of guide apparatus.50 0.3 Preassembling of the guide apparatus 5.1.3. the upper and lower circles shall be checked. The center of lower stay column seal ring shall be taken as the fiducial center of the unit. .00 Evenly e variation distribut e 8~24 points c) Upper spigot centre of deriaz turbine and runner chamber shall be taken as the unit fiducial center. the cylindrical valve shall attend the preassembling of guide apparatus. If shrinking or mechanism driving-in is needed for seal ring. Table 12 permissible variation for the right alignment of sealing socket and flange spigot of bearing block Unit: in millimeter Runner D<300 3000≤D<600 6000≤D<800 8000≤D<1000 D Notes 0 0 0 ≥1000 diameter D 0 0 Permissibl 0. top cover. inner top cover and so on and the clearance on the plane of composition shall be in compliance with the requirements of Article 4. The permissible variation shall meet the requirements of Table 12.3 Preassembling of guide apparatus shall meet the following requirements: a) Lower stay column seal ring shall be installed on the radial-axial flow turbine according to the centering measuring point given after the determination of unit pit.3. The difference between each radius and the average radius shall meet the requirements of permissible variation of corresponding parts listed in Table 11. 5.3 and the drawing requirements shall be met. Calculate height difference. If the design includes water turbine with cylindrical valve. b) Centre of axial wheel and runner chamber shall be taken as the unit fiducial center. Check the right alignment of sealing socket and bearing block flange spigot according to the unit fiducial center line.

5.60 D ≥10000 Notes Evenly distribute 8~24 measuring points Evenly distribute 8~24 measuring points The number of circumferential measuring points shall not be less than the number of guide vanes.15 Check the 0.3.3. Clearance left on both sides of the header and end of each guide blade shall identical. The maximal total clearance shall not exceed the design clearance. .20 0.d) Preassembling quantity of guide blade shall not be less than 1/3 of total. Table 13 Permissible variation of base ring and top cover Unit: in millimeter Runner diameter D Project 3000≤D 6000≤D 8000≤D <6000 <8000 <10000 Roundness of 5% design clearance of runner sealing ring the wearing ring Concentricity of seal ring D<3000 0.1 ~ 5. roundness of tunnel body under free condition shall meet the design requirements. e) After the adjustment of base ring and top cover. No regular inclinations are permitted. screwed fitting-up bolts shall not be less than 50% and shall meet the requirements of Table 13. Deformation value of the bearing rear head cover shall be taken into account.4 Guide apparatus without preassembling but directly installed formally shall also meet related requirements of 5. the quantity of symmetric.45 0.5 Installation of cylindrical valve shall meet the following requirements: a) After the group welding of tunnel body.3.35 surface level of base ring 0. Adopt the difference of elevation between the culmination and nadir point Right In compliance with the design requirements alignment of wicket gate housing 5. Check the clearance of guide blade sections.3.3.

Measure the inside clearance 8 0 between paddle and runner d flow chamber varia ble pitch turbi ne Clearance Nom Difference between each clearance Measure the three parts at the .05mm/m. c) Welding of tunnel body shall meet the provisions of JB/T4709 and 4.02mm/m. 5.1 Placement elevation of the principal axes and runner after being suspended into unit pit shall be slightly lower than the design elevation. Squareness deviation of principal axes shall not be greater than 0. 5. Between the flange face on the upper part of principal axes and the subface of lower flange spigot of the generator shaft.4.14. Table 14 Permissible variation of runner level and/or clearance Unit as millimeter Runner diameter D D<30 3000 6000 8000≤ D Notes Item ≤D ≤D D ≥10 00 <600 <800 <1000 000 0 0 0 Elevation Mixe ±1. When the water turbine or generator are centered according to objective. Movement during the total excursion shall be stable. d) Installation of synchronizing mechanism and stroke indicator shall meet the design requirements.2.4 Emplacement and installation of rotatable parts 5. the placement elevation after the principal axes and runner are suspended into unit pit shall be slightly higher than the design elevation to leave a 2mm ~ 5mm clearance between the bearing collar and rotating plate after the installation of bearing collar.5 ±2 ±2.4.2 Permissible variation for the ultimate elevation of the installation of runner. adjust the centre and/or principal axes plumbness of runner to make the wearing ring clearance in compliance with the requirements of Article 5. For unit with bearing collar installed on the water turbine.4. Consistency of the actuation time of each servomotor shall be guaranteed. Deviation of the principal axes squareness shall not be greater than 0. 2mm ~ 6mm clearance shall be left. 0~+1.5 ±3 Measure the high and low d undercuts of fixed and rotation flow seal ring type Axia 0~+2 0~+3 0~ 0~+5 Measure the distance from base l +4 ring to the top surface of runner flow hub Mixe 0~+0.b) Installation and adjustment of servomotor and pipeline shall meet the design requirements. each wearing ring clearance or clearance between paddle and runner chamber shall meet the requirements of Table 14 if no requirements are given by the manufacturer.

5. Screwing oil supply line shall have locking measures. it shall not be greater than 0.4. 5.1 End clearance of guide blade shall meet the design requirements. b) Generally. 5 mm ~ 10 mm shall be left. d) Oil deflector ring clearance between the rotating sump and oil receiver holder shall be even and shall not be smaller than 70% of the design value. for floating tile structure.20mm. . 2 At the maximum opening position. a) Oil supply line shall be rinsed critically.5. e) Grounding insulation resistance of oil receiver shall not be smaller than 0. for fixed tile structure. water outlet and middle 20% of the average clearance at their complete shutdown position a1 a2 Difference between each clearance and the actual average clearance shall not exceed ±10% of the design clearance value b1 Difference between each b2 clearance and the actual average clearance shall not exceed± 10% of the design clearance value Note: Runner elevation listed in the table has taken into account the actual elevation value due to the runner subsidence resulted by hydraulic thrust 5. Deviation of the circle of gate closure shall meet the design requirements.5 Installation and adjustment of guide blade and/or servomotor 5. Axial clearance of guide blade thrust ring shall not be greater than 50% of the gap width on the upper part of the guide blade.5MW during the measuring when draft pipe is anhydrous.3 Zero clearance between the combination seams of two flanges after the coupling of the unit. Measure and record the distance between the two axial holes.05mm/m if measured on the surface of oil receiver holder. and the gage shall not fill in.03mm clearance gage. Joints shall be secure. The guide blade shall be able to rotate flexibly. 5. The link rod shall be leveling off and the difference of height of both ends shall not be greater than 1mm. c) Horizontal deviation of oil-supply head shall not be greater than 0. swing of oil supply line shall not be greater than 0. Check with 0. Vertical plane clearance inspection of guide blade shall proceed under complete shutdown position. the distance between the guide blade and bearing plate shall meet the design requirements. When there is no regulation.4. Link rod shall be linked and adjusted on occasions that the guide blade and control loop are located in a small opening position.30mm.inal head <200 m Nom inal head ≥200 m and actual clearance shall not exceed± influent. with no leakage.4 Installation of oil supply line and oil-supply head shall meet the following requirements. 5. The connection of link rods shall proceed when the guide blades are fastened by steel wires or control loop is completely shut down.

Partial clearance shall not exceed the limit required by Table 15. During the test of wobble servomotor. When the design has a special requirement. b) Servomotor shall have tightness compression test as required by Article 4. The clearance between each plane of composition shall meet the requirements of Article 4.5.10 0. rinsing. c) When the plunger is in complete shutdown.5.10mm/m. each fit clearance shall meet the design requirements.20 plane of blade with guide stamping blade.15 0.05mm clearance gage when it is tightened by rope coil and the gage shall not pass through. middle or fully open position.5.4 Installation of servomotor shall meet the following requirements: a) After the decomposition. ribbon check the vertical Guide 0.15 0. determine according to Table 16. When no requirement is raised by the manufacturer.20 After the blade filling in of stamping without stamping steel steel ribbon.11.05 0. ribbon check the . checking and assembling of the servomotor at the site.7. the sleeve shaft or actuator rod level shall not be greater than 0. zero steel clearance ribbon 5. d) Clamping stroke of servomotor shall meet the design requirements of manufacturer. oil separator sheath shall rotate back and forth 3~5 times. Total length of its clearance shall not exceed 25% of the height of guide blade.13 0.3 The clearance of vertical plane of guide blade shall be checked with 0. as for the horizontal deviation of the installation of servomotor. it shall meet the design requirements. Table 16 Clamping stroke value of the servomotor Unit as millimeter Runner diameter D Notes Item D<30 3000≤D<6 6000≤h<8 8000≤h<10 D≥100 00 000 000 000 00 Direct-cyli Guide 4~7 6~8 7~10 8~13 10~15 After the nder blade filling in with of stampi stamping ng steel steel ribbon. Table 15 Allowable vertical clearance of guide blade Unit as millimeter Height of the guide blade h Notes Item h<600 600 1200 2000 h≥4000 ≤h<1200 ≤h<2000 ≤h<4000 Guide 0.

The piston stroke shall meet the design requirements.1 Bearing shell shall meet the following requirements: a) Rubber bearing shell surface shall be leveling off. servomotor movement shall be flexible. Tiling roughness shall be smaller than 0. Deviation of the two piston strokes of linear type servomotor shall not be greater than 1mm. f) Servomotor piston shift shall be calm and flexible.6 Installation of water conduit and main shaft seal 5. its plunger shift value is the clamping stroke. flawless and/or no peel-back. .6. it can also be determine d according to the requireme nts of linear type servomot or.Guide blade withou t stampi ng steel ribbon Wobble servomotor 3~6 5~7 6~9 7~12 9~14 When the guide blade is in complete shutdown position. zero clearance If the caging device adjustmen t is convenien t. servomotor ascend to 50% of the loading oil pressure from non pressure. hardpoint and/or peel-back. e) Position of orifice set and opening dimension shall meet the design requirements. vertical plane of guide blade. Total clearance shall meet the design requirements. crackle. Babbitt metal bushing shall be free of flaws like concentrated porosity. The difference between the maximal and minimal total clearance at each side and the difference of the total clearance of the upper and lower ends in the same azimuth shall both be no greater than 10% of the average total clearance according to the actual survey. b) Try the assembling of rubber tile and spool tile with axle.8mm. 5. g) Behind the oil separator tubing of wobble servomotor.

The sum shall not be greater than 15% of the total area of bearing shell. Generally kerosene leakage test is required in accordance with Article 4.02mm. Permissible variation shall not exceed±20% of the actual average gap width.4 The overhauling and installation of principal axes shall meet the following requirements: a) Before the assembling of the air lashing strip. gap adjustment shall be made according to the spindle center. b) After the installation. the deviation shall not exceed± 10mm.11. At least one contact point shall be set on per square centimeter.6. 5.7 Installation of fittings . Measure and record related data. In the air leakage test in the water. To facilitate the countercheck of the central position of rotor shaft. The oil level shall meet the design requirements. 5. d) After the grounding and scraping of bearing shell.5 The working.c) When spool tile conforms to the two requirements of a) and b). c) Permissible variation of sectional type guide-block clearance shall not exceed± 0.5 times working pressure. under 1. Tiling surface shall be kept vertical. The contact with swivel sealing surface shall be good. 5. during the installation of guide-block. Generally. Generally. c) After the installation. permissible variation of sausage type guide-block clearance shall not be greater than±20% of the assigned clearance value. b) The sealing element shall be able to shift up and down freely. establish central measuring point at proper parts of the fixed section of bearing. the swing. 5. direction and dimension of jigger shall be taken into account. The pressure drop should not exceed 10% of the nominal working pressure. 5. each of the partial non-contact area of each piece of tile shall not be greater than 5%. b) Generally. The deviation shall not exceed 20% of the design gap width. swing may be neglected during the gap adjustment.6. diametral clearance shall meet the design requirements. pressurizing and installation of principal axes shall meet the following requirements: a) Axial and radial clearance of the working pressurized installation shall meet the design requirements. The pressure drop shall meet requirements. c) Oil quality shall be eligible. The total installation clearance shall meet the design requirements. air charging test. The grounding and scraping of sectional type tile shall be determined according to design requirement.2 Installation of guide-block shall conform to the following requirements: a) Guide-block shall be installed under the conditions that the unit axial line and stress over thrust pad is adjusted to be eligible and the wearing ring clearance of water turbine and air interstice of generator meet the requirements.3 Bearing installation shall meet the following requirements: a) Oil leakage is not permitted for thin oil bearing tank.05MPa compressed air shall be filled in. no air leakage phenomena shall exist. air discharge test and pressure maintaining test shall be carried out. For units with only two guide bearings. Drainage system shall go smoothly. also. b) Bearing cooler shall have tightness compression test as required by Article 4. the pressure shall be maintained for 1h.12. the tiling osculation shall be even. it does not have to be grounded and scraped any more.6. 0.6.

horizontal deviation shall not be greater than 0. Table 17 Permissible variation for the installation of tubular turbine draft pipe Unit as millimeter Runner diameter D No.1.5MW.7.4 Device installation for the admission of air of spindle center hole shall meet the design requirements.5 the pipe elevation orifice level and its vertical label Distance (1) If stay between the ring is 3 ±2.1For the installation of draft pipe of tubular turbine. Item Notes D< 3000 3000≤D<6000 6000≤D<8000 Difference Structure between the with maximal and foundation 1 the minimal 3. 5. After the installation of disk valve. The actuation of valve box shall be flexible and the pressurizing of valve stem shall be secure. Connecting bolt shall be secured. 6 Installation of tubular turbine 6.1 Vacuum breaking valve and gulp valve shall have actuation test and leakage test and its initial actuating pressure and maximum opening shall meet the design requirements.5.2 Spiral case and drainage gate valve of draft pipe or servomotor of disk valve shall all have tightness compression test as required by Article 4.30mm.5 ±3.0 4. which shall be free of clearance. 5. it shall not be smaller than 0. After the installation of fulcrum bearing.7. The swing value shall not exceed 20% of the actual average value of sealing clearance.3 For installation of the valve base of disk valve.0 ±2. 5. Generally. grounding insulation resistance shall be measured.1 Installation of built-in fitting 6.0 flange face installed and runner first. the permissible variation shall meet the requirements of Table 17. check the sealing surface.20mm/m.5 ±1.7. then its .5 ±2. the spindle center aeration pipe shall attend the jigger checking. The maximal value shall not exceed 0.0 ring refers to diameters at the flange on the pipe foundation orifice ring Left-right deviation of elevation at Centre and 2 ±1.0 5. Exposed pipeline shall have moisture condensation resistant facilities.11. If required by the design.7.

Distance flange shall be from flange taken as 2 face to ±2. the permissible variation shall meet the requirements of Table 18. (2) runner Measure the centerline four points up and down. right and left Maximum Plumbness and 3 0.0 ±4.0 (2) Distance elevation between X and Y marks on the installation and corresponding datalines (1) If the draught tube is installed first.0 reference.centerline 4 Vertical plane of flange face 0.8 1.0 ±3.1. right and left Measure the squareness of flange face to the unit center line 6.0 ±2. Item D< 3000 3000≤D<6000 6000≤D<8000 (1) Marked elevation of the upper lower stream flange level Azimuth and 1 ±2.2 For the installation of tubular turbine stay ring. Table 18 Permissible variation for the installation of tubular turbine stay ring Unit: in millimeter Runner diameter D Notes No.2 size for plane of other .0 1.8 1.0 1.2 downstream side flange is taken as reference. (2) Measure four points: up and down.5 ±3.

8 6.5 2.vertical plane of flange face 4 5 Roundness Distance between the inner and outward flange faces at the downstream side flange faces shall be converted based on this deviation 1.1.0 1.3 For the installation of cover board of flow channel.0 1.0 0. Table 19 Permissible variation for the installation of cover board of tubular turbine flow channel Unit as millimeter Runner diameter D No.0 Deviation of frame center line and design center line .0 5. Item Notes D< 3000 3000≤D<6000 6000≤D<8000 1 2 3 4 Centre and position of flow channel cover board shaft hole Elevation of the foundation frame Height difference of the four corners of foundation frame Level degree of the flange of flow ±2 ±3 ±4 ±5 4.2 6.6 1. permissible variation shall meet the requirements of Table 19.0 0.

The combination seam shall conform to the requirements of Article 4. 6.channel cover board shaft mm/m 6.2 Installation of principal axes 6.4.4 Installation of guide apparatus . 6. 6. 6.7.4.2. Fitting of stamping steel ribbon shall leave 1mm ~ 2mm space on both sides.6 For bearing with grounding insulation requirements. Return oil shall go smoothly.5mm. the bearing shell clearance shall comply with the design requirements.5mm/m.3.1. 6. distance between the inner and outer flange shall meet the design requirements.7.6. supporting ring and hub cap shall conform to the requirements of Article 4.25mm and the length shall not exceed 25% of the gate height. Clearance of the plane of composition between the shell bearing.5 Installation of main guide bearing shall consider the variance generated by the deflection of rotation parts. No oil leakage.1 Split of outer and inner cone and control loop composition plane shall be spread with sealant or fitted with stamping steel ribbon according to the design requirements. The rotation shall be flexible. c) Adjustment of guide blade end clearance shall be measured in a closed position. When it is fitted into the principal axes. and it shall not be lower than 1MW. The deviation shall not be greater than 0. Adjust the degree of level.2.3 The examination of water guide-block before its installation shall comply with the requirements of Article 5.2.1. 6.3 Installation of guide apparatus 6.1. Clearance distribution of inside end surface and outer end surface shall meet the design requirements.2. Place the principal axes on the bracing frame used for installation.12.6.2 Oil supply line shall be rinsed rigorously.1. Sealing on both ends of the bearing shell shall be in good condition.11 and 5. check its insulation with 1000V megohm meter. End clearance at both the head and end of guide blade shall be basically the same.1.1 Generally. before oil charge. the permissible variation shall meet the requirements of Table 7.3.4mm. 6. The deviation shall not be greater than 0. Make sure the exactitude sliding of inner oil supply line inside the outer oil supply line.4 Coupling of water guide-block and shell bearing shall comply with requirements of Article 10.5 After the installation and acceptance of stay ring. pour the concrete according to Article 5. d) Maximal allowable partial vertical plane clearance of guide blade shall not be greater than 0.2Installation of guide apparatus shall meet the following requirements: a) Right alignment of outer and inner cone shall be adjusted. 6. Generally.4 For the installation of tubular turbine servomotor. 6. b) On the upper stream. it shall not be greater than 0.2.2. installation of principal axes shall be carried out in the clipping room.

6. which shall not pass through.1.6 Waterway surface and plane of composition shall be fitted with sealing element and spread with sealant according to the design requirements. Right alignment of tilting fillet of oil receiver and the operational oil tube shall not be greater than 0.2 After the control loop and outer cone are suspended into unit pit. outer cone and gate vane are entirely suspended into unit pit.4.4 and 5. horizontal distance relative to unit coordinate line of each flange and muzzle shank base. 6.2.1.20mm. the angular position of holes. 6. The deviation shall not be greater than± 3mm.5. 7. 6. for floating tile. after completing the installation of water turbine and formation of operating system of guide apparatus. squareness of flange. runner and runner chamber 6.6. as well as the actual inclination value of stay ring flange face.10mm.3 After the welding of spiral distributor. and no leakage is permitted. 6.7 After the installation of telescopic joint.6. 7.5.4 Oil supply line of oil receiver shall take the jigger examination. Welding seam of spiral distributor and breeches pipe shall be free of leakage phenomena.3 After the connection of runner and principal axes.4. measure or adjust the clearance between control loop and outer cone to make it meet the design requirements.5.1. which shall meet the design requirements.1 After the installation of runner. which shall meet the requirements of 5. adjust the right alignment of inner cone and hub cap as well as stay ring to no greater than 0.6 Installation of main shaftseal shall meet the requirements of Article 5.7 For guide apparatus with heavy punch.1 Range deviation of inlet center line of diversion conduit and the unit coordinate line shall not be greater than ±2 x 10 -3 of inlet diameter. flange distortion shall be controlled and checked.1 Installation of diversion conduit 7. Tightness examination shall be carried out.2 During the axial line adjustment. Test pressure shall be carried out according to the manufacturer's regulations.5. check the elevation.5.2During the flange welding of spiral distributor. clearance left in advance for collapsing shall meet the design requirements. check the plane of composition with 0. . to make the deviation meet the design requirements.5.6.15mm for fixed tile. No injurious deformation shall be generated.5 Installation of the principal axes. The runner chamber value and impeller clearance value shall meet the design requirements. distance between each two flanges. it shall not be greater than 0.5. Record the closing time. 6.1 When inner cone.03mm clearance gage.4 Carry out the water test on spiral distributor and breeches pipe. 7. carry out the heavy punch turnoff test under anhydrous or still water conditions. carry out the tightness compression test and actuation test.1.5mm. 7 Installation of impulse turbine 7.5 Adjust and install runner chamber centering runner. 6. 6. Injurious deformation shall not happen to Y-pipe flange.6. 6. 6.5. Its swing value shall not be greater than 0. axial variance generated by operation shall be taken into account.

b) Preassemble the main guide bearing and its bracket.2 For vertical type unit. For vertical type unit. For plane of composition without sealing or without padding. a) If horizontal type main guide bearing needs grounding and scraping on site.1. horizontal deviation of flange face on the case shall not be greater than 0.7. requirements in Articles 10.2.1.2. sealant shall be spread.2. relative height difference of the two cases shall not be greater than 1mm. c) Install main guide bearing after unit axial line is qualified by passing examination. the hydraulic pressure inside spiral distributor shall be controlled according to design requirement. 7. check the planeness and fineness of combined flange.4.3 For double wheels horizontal type unit laid on two terminals of generator.11.40mm. the deviation shall not exceed 0mm ~ +1mm.1 Distinguished built-up case shall conform to the requirements of Article 4. the center distance shall be based on the thrust disc position. 7. 3) Oil quality shall be eligible.1 Before installation of turbine shaft.1 Installation of the vertical turbine bearing shall meet the following requirements: a) Examine the elevation and level of bearing flange and the discrepancy in elevation shall not be greater than 2mm.2. Fit up assembling pin.2 Installation of the horizontal water turbine bearing shall meet the following requirements. installation of upper flange face on the turbine shaft shall be 20mm ~ 25mm lower than the design elevation. drill locating hole on the case.4. the deviation shall not exceed±6mm. Generally.3 Installation of the bearing of turbine shaft 7. Generally.1. Carry out the kerosene test according to requirements of Article 14. 2) Compression test on bearing cooler shall be carried out as required by Article 4.2 shall be met.2 Installation of case 7. 7. 7. the elevation of each nozzle flange on the case shall be in accordance with each other. The following requirements shall be met: 1) No oil leakage is permitted for thin oil bearing tank. align the right alignment and parallelism of generator rotor . For the turbine shaft structure directly connected with generator armature.04mm/m.30mm/m.4.3. Deviation of the bearing support centre and unit centre shall not be greater than 0. deviation of it from unit X. b) Bearing clearance adjustment shall be in compliance with the requirements of Article 10.5 IF spiral distributor and Y-pipe are used in pressure pouring concrete. the length of generator armature and actually measured length of the axial plus thermal expansion protraction of generator armature. horizontal deviation shall not be greater than 0.1 and 10. 7. Y datum line shall not be greater than 1mm. 7.3. discrepancy in elevation shall not exceed ±2mm.04mm/m.4 Installation of turbine shaft 7. 7. Their height difference shall not be greater than 1mm. squareness of each flange shall not be greater than 0. The oil level shall meet the design requirements.7.2 During the installation of case. After the preassembling and localization. Distance from the flange to co-ordinate data line of unit shall meet the design requirements.

1 Installation of runner shall conform to the following requirements. Level or vertical deviation shall not be greater than 0.2 Main shaft seal shall be in compliance with regulations of Article 5. a) Plane of rotation of the water diversion edge of runner bucket shall pass through the flange centre fitted with nozzle on the case and the deviation shall not be greater than±0.5%W.3 Installation of sprayer shall conform to the following requirements: a) Sprayer center line shall be tangential with the runner.4. 7.7. under the action of 16% nominal pressure. Radial deviation shall not be greater than ±0.5% W (W refers to the maximum breadth of the inside of bucket). actuating mechanism of nozzle needle and servomotor shall be flexible. 7. Its axial direction deviation with bucket water diversion edge shall not be greater than±0.02mm/m. 8 Installation and debugging of speed regulating system 8.1 Installation and debugging of oil pressure devices .5mm. 7. d) Synchronism deviation of the nozzle needle stroke of each sprayer shall not be greater than 2% of the design stroke.2 Flow deflector opening shall be 3mm greater than jet stream radius.7 Installation and adjustment of control mechanism 7. After installation.1 Deviation of the center of each component of control mechanism shall not be greater than 2mm.5. the unit axial shall be examined and be in compliance with the design requirements.2 After the installation of sprayer and servomotor.5 Installation of sprayer and servomotor 7. Actuating mechanism of each flow deflector shall be synchronized. but no greater than 6mm. 7.3 Principal axes level or vertical deviation shall not be greater than 0. e) Axial and radial deviation of the center line of reverse braking sprayer shall not be greater than ±5mm. the actuation shall be agile. 7. 7. 7.1 Before the installation.6. Let nominal pressure oil come into the turnoff chamber. deviation between flow deflector centre and sprayer centre shall not be greater than 4mm. 7. b) Ending beat magnitude of runner shall not be greater than 0.6 Installation of runner 7. 7. check the blowdown chamber of mixed sewage of oil and water to make sure it is free from oil leakage and water leakage.05mm/m.4 Before the installation of guide bearing.5.6. b) Generally. c) Deviation of compression length of buffer spring from the design value shall not be greater than ±1mm.flange and turbine shaft as well as elevation of generator armature flange relative to nozzle-axis. If the nozzle needle servomotor is built-in servomotor.6.5. Zero clearance shall exist between the needle head and jet hole. Discrepancy in elevation shall not be greater than±1. The deviation shall not be greater than 2% of the design value.7.5.2% d1 (which refers to the runner pitch circle diameter). c) Clearance between the runner and dash plate shall meet the design requirements.4.10mm/m. the sprayer and servomotor shall take tightness compression test as required by manufacturer.

coupling joints may be allowed to rotate slightly.15. no abnormal phenomena shall exist.1. the measured oil delivery rate of oil pump shall not be smaller than design value. c) During the operation.3 Before the application of overhead tank.05mm.6 Test run of oil pump and electromotor shall meet the following requirements: a) Examination and test of electromotor shall be in compliance with the related requirements of GB 50150. 8. The oil temperature application scope is 10°C~ 50° C. and equipment shall be in compliance with the requirements of Table 20.2 Brand and quality of the oil used in speed regulating system shall be in compliance with the regulations of Article 4. they shall take tightness compression test as required by Article 4. oil pipeline and bearing components.1. 50%. basic parts of overhead tank.1.7 The adjustment of each component of oil pressure installation shall be in compliance with the following requirements: . d) Under nominal pressure.1.8.11 using qualified turbine oil. Item Notes deviation Distance from the marks on measuring 1 Center (mm) 5 equipment to X and Y fiducial point 2 Elevation (mm) ±5 Measure the elevations of four 3 Planeness (mm/m) 1 corners of scavenge box (speed governor oil tank) Plumbness of Drainage thread 4 overhead tank 1 measurement in X (mm/m) and Y directions 8. The body of oil pump chamber shall be infused with qualified turbine oil.5 Each oil level of oil pressure installation shall meet the design requirements. After all plugs are filled in.1. Table 20 Permissible variation for the installation of scavenge box (oil tank of speed governor) and overhead tank Permissible No. 75% and 100% of the nominal pressures. oil pump operate with no load for 1h and operate for 15min respectively under 25%.1.1. If axial movement of oil pump shaft towards motor side is zero. Temperature of bearing shell shall not be greater than 60°C. 1mm ~ 3mm clearance shall exist between coupling joints.08mm. 8.1 Permissible variation for the installation of scavenge box.4 Decentralization and inclination for the installation and centering of horizontal type oil pump and electromotor elastic coupling shall not be greater than 0. 8. b) Generally. vibration of oil pump case shall not be greater than 0. 8. 8.

signal indicator of working pressure of oil pump and annunciator of emergency bearing oil pump shall be in compliance with requirements in Table 21 if no design requirements are given. 8.70~3. Its characteristics shall be in compliance with the design requirements. c) For oil pump under continuous operation.30 5. output voltage (electric current) of fuel level gauge and oil pressure.85~5. shut down all communicating valve gate and sustain for 8h. The return value shall not exceed the design requirements. regulator cubicle.15 2.55~3. regulator cubicle. if the actuating pressure of overflow cock has no design requirements.80 4. and accident regulation valve shall meet the following requirements: a) Deviation for the installation of electro-hydraulic governor cabinet.a) Examine the relation curve of pressure.80 3.10 6. accident regulation valve shall meet the requirements of Table 22: Table 22 Permissible deviation for the installation of electro-hydraulic governor cabinet.00 3. as well as oil level.20~2.30 ≥6. Table 21 Setting value of the safety valve and signal indicator of oil pump Unit: in megapascal Setting value Emergency bearing Nominal Safety valve Working oil bump oil pump oil Initial oil Full Full Starting Reverter Starting Reverter pressure drainage opening shutoff pressure pressure pressure pressure pressure pressure pressure 2.50 ≥2. e) Setting value of slip low oil pressure shall meet the design requirements.2.95 6.00~6.08 ≤4. The actuating mechanism deviation of pressure signal shall not go beyond ±1% of the setting value.30 2. when the oil level is in normal position. 8.8 Under the work pressure of overhead tank. Item Permissible Notes .50 4.30 ≥6.50 2.30 d) Actuating mechanism of safety valve shall yield no fierce vibration and noise.65 4. it shall be linear.00 ≥4. requirements on the setting value of working oil pump in Table 21 shall be met.10 6.43 ≤7.2 Installation of speed governor 8.00 6. g) Start-up and closedown action of pressure oil pump and oil leakage pump shall be accurate and secure.90 ≥2.1 Installation of engine tank of speed governor.55 ≤2.1. f) Self-acting air supply device of overhead tank and actuating mechanism of oil level dispatching device of scavenge box shall be accurate and secure.30 2. The drop-out value of oil pressure shall not be greater than 4% of the nominal operating pressure.05~2. Within the variable scope. b) Adjustment of safety valve. The actuating mechanism deviation shall not be greater than ±2% of the setting value. regulator cubicle and accident regulation valve No.64 ≥3. No reversal phenomenon shall exist. Record the drop-out value of oil level.

Carry out the load test according to the design requirements.3 Indicator and lever inside the cabinet of speed governor shall be adjusted according to the drawing dimension. 8. 8. position of each oscillating arm and link rod of reversion mechanism shall meet the design requirements.2.2. The plumbness or horizontal deviation shall not be greater than 1mm/m.6 Output voltage of the regulated power supply device in electric part shall meet the design requirements. incremental gain Kd (or temporary droop bt. Determination of its insulation resistance and voltage withstand test shall proceed according to related requirements on commissioning test of electric installation in GB50150. and all shall meet the design requirements.4 When guide blade and runner blade servomotor are in the middle position (equivalent to 50% opening).7 Examine the characteristic and adjustable parameter of each return circuit of electric part: regulating range including steady state speed droop bp (slip ratio ep). joint of reversion mechanism shall be secure.5 Examine the return circuit connection of each system of electric part. . frequency setting.2. the rinsing.2 As for mechanic hydraulic pressure pieces that must be disorganized.2. damping time constant Td. shall meet the design requirements. the position deviation of each mechanism shall not be greater than 1mm.15 4 Plumbness or level of accident regulation valve 0. proportional gain Kp.2. c) See Annex C for the installation of mechanic hydraulic pressure speed governor. acceleration time constant Tn) etc. Generally. 8. 8.15 5 Plumbness of electronic cabinet 1 Measure the distance from the marks on the equipment to X and Y datum line of unit Measure the base of electrohydraulic conversion device Measure the sub-frame of accident regulation valve Drainage thread measurement in X and Y direction b) Installation of combined type electro-hydraulic governor shall take the speed regulation axle mechanism bracket as reference and its deviation shall meet the design requirements. packing and adjustment of the component shall meet the drawing requirement of manufacturer. 8. integral gain Ki. horsepower assignment. 8. The output voltage variance shall not exceed ±1% of the design value.2. all of which shall meet the design requirements.8 Check the adjustment range of opening assignment.2. 8.deviation 1 Center (mm) 5 2 Elevation (mm) ±5 3 Cabinet level (mm/m) 0.

3. which shall meet the design requirements. Within the scope of ±10% nominal speed. 8. Oil pipeline and bearing components shall take proof test as required by 4.3. electric pressure). 8. static characteristic curve shall be rounded as straight line and its speed dead band shall meet the design set value.1 Switch on oscillating current.3.3 Oil filling adjustment test of speed regulating system 8. Operation switching of speed governor between manually.2% of the entire stroke of servomotor.3. within the working oil pressure scope. Within the scope of ±2% of nominal speed. the value shall not be greater than 0. The actuating mechanism shall be normal.5 The first oil charge of speed regulating system shall proceed slowly. it shall be linear and its characteristics shall meet the design requirements. No abnormal phenomena shall exist. the deviation shall not exceed ±2% of the design value. 8. Deviation shall not be greater than 1% of the entire stroke of plunger for the former and for the latter the deviation shall not be greater than 0. Generally. The indicated value shall be in compliance with the stroke of wicket gate servomotor and servomotor of runner blade. 8.5°.7 Time for emergency shutdown and opening of guide blade and runner blade as well as step closure stroke.8 Deviation of time and design value of the shutdown of guide blade by accident regulation valve shall not exceed ±5% of the design value. Generally. Servomotor has no evident swing.3. its zero deflection shall not be greater than 5% of nominal value of output quantity (electric current.10 Plot the relation curve of wicket gate servomotor stroke and guide vane opening from starting and closing directions. 8. Generally. Measure 4~8 guide vane openings for each point. Dead volume and amplification coefficient shall meet the design requirements.11. time of shutdown and starting shall adopt twice the needed time for 75% ~ 25% opening.9 Examine the dead-stroke of reversion mechanism.6 Manually operate the opening restriction of wicket gate servomotor. Generally.9 Record relation curve of input and output signals (electric current and electric pressure) of speed detector. 8. Within the total excursion range of servomotor. automatically or different kinds of control modes shall be tested.2. When the guide blade is wide open.3. 8. . the pressure null shift shall not create overt shift of servomotor.3.3. 8. but ultimately it shall satisfy the requirements of calculation of guaranteed regulation.8. time and design value of guide blade shall not exceed±5% of the design value. measure the opening of all the guide blades.machine conversion device output.3 Record the relationship transfer curve of incoming frequency and the electricity-liquid or electricity. Generally. 8. 8.3. Examine the oscillating quantity of electrohydraulic conversion device. Adopt the average value.3. Servomotor actuates several times the entire stroke. but ultimately it shall satisfy the requirements of calculation of guaranteed regulation.4 Determine the relation curve between the output voltage (electric current) of feedback transducer and servomotor stroke. deviation of the measured amplification coefficient shall not be greater than ±5% of design value.2 Examine the zero deflection and null shift of pressure of electrohydraulic conversion device. check the indicated value on the indicator of mechanic cabinet. oil charge pressure shall not exceed 50% of the nominal pressure.

8. which shall meet the requirements of Article 4.1After the combination of bracket arms of combined type framework.3. Alarm signal shall be correct. check the joint close clearance. adjust the level. For speed regulating system of Kaplan turbine. Set amplification coefficient and lever ratio as the maximum design value. Partial discontiguous length shall not exceed 10% of the total length of the top.4. 8. which shall not be greater than 0.05mm clearance gage.13 Record the static characteristic curve of speed regulating system when permanent speed droop bp = 6%.5%. it shall not be greater than 16% of the nominal oil pressure. Speed dead band is no greater than 0. measure the planeness on plane of composition. 9. The actuating mechanism of speed regulating system shall be normal.3. inaccuracy of its runner blade servosystem shall not be greater than 1.12 Setting of the practical open-loop gain of servosystem: time for the switch-on and closure of servomotor has been adjusted and meet the design requirements. Top of bearing framework and combination slots of bracket arms shall be checked with 0. check if the following items. record the pressure of overhead tank of low oil pressure closedown and drop-out value of oil level.8.4. 8.11 Plot the relation curve and switch rule of wicket gate servomotor stroke and runner blade servomotor stroke under different water head on-cam relationship from the starting and closing directions. Generally. 8.3.14 When the spiral case is anhydrous.7. 8. b) After bracket arm is coupled with the central body.4 Simulation test of speed regulating system 8.15 When the spiral case is anhydrous.3.04%.2 Combination of welded type framework shall meet the following requirements: a) After the fastness of the bearing of central body. It shall meet the design requirements. and emergency stop simulation test by manually operation and in automatic mode.16 Speed regulating system of impulse turbine shall take oil charge adjusting test according to related test items and standards in Article 8. which shall all meet the design requirements. static characteristic curve shall be approximated as straight line.1. the maximal amplification coefficient and lever ratio that can keep the servosystem stable and not over control are the practical open-loop gain.1. The inaccuracy of its runner blade servosystem shall be smaller than 1. Input step-function signal into servosystem equivalent to 10% of the entire stroke of servomotor. 9 Installation of vertical type hydrogenerator 9.2 Carry out the starting. shutting down.3. 3) Height difference between interface of each bracket arm sub-frame and plane of composition of central body. 8.1 Simulate all kinds of malfunctions of speed regulating system. The actuating mechanism and alarm signals are correct. Observe the movement of servomotor. Protective devices shall be secure. 1) Undercut of the joint face of each bracket arm and central body 2) Skew of each bracket arm (namely squareness).3. measure the minimal operation oil pressure of guide blade and runner blade operating mechanism.5% of the entire stroke.04mm/m.1 Combination of framework 9. . 8.3.

2 and 9.3 Thrust bearing pad grounded and scraped on site as required by manufacturer shall meet the following requirements after the grounding and scraping: a) On the tiling surface.2 Working face of rotating plate shall be free of scars and rustiness. 2) When supersonic flaw detecting is adopted. If necessary. within each 1cm2.1 Thrust bearing pad shall be free of flaws including cracks. 9. after reaching the requirements of a) and b).2.3 After the combination of support abutment of leaf typethrust bearing.1. assess according to GB11345 standard. d) As for bearing shell of strut bolt thrust bearing without filler plate shall. scrape the middle part of tiling lower. The total area of partial peel-back area of tiling materials of bearing shell and metal base billet shall not be greater than 5% of the tiling surface.2. slag inclusion and concentrated porosity.4) Middle ordinate of the exterior margin of each bracket arm. examine over weld appearance according to Table 5 and assess the non-destructive test according to the following standards: 1) When radiographic inspection is adopted. 9. The total shall not be greater than 5% of the bearing shell area.4 As for leaf type bearing framework. each part shall not be greater than 2% area of bearing shell. ratio of radiographic inspection welding seam is 50%. group welding of its central body and bracket arm may proceed according to requirements of Article 9. If no definite requirements are raised by the manufacturer.2 Grounding and scraping of bearing shell 9.1. ratio of supersonic flaw detecting is 100%.7.2mm. 9. the central body maintains level condition of below 0.04mm/m. 9. Try the bearing shell thermometer. Ratio of supersonic flaw detecting is 50%. e) After the weld of bracket arm. Its roughness and rigidity shall meet the requirements. Clearance of the joint close surfaces shall conform to the requirements of Article 4. but the maximal shall not be greater than 16cm2. generally butt weld shall not be lower than Grade III. assess according to GB3323 standard.2. examine the parallelism of two planes and planeness of working face according to the drawing.14 shall be met. 1~3 contact points shall exist: b) Partial non-contact area on the surface. Around the strut bolt. and the deviation shall not be greater than 0.1. If the weighted butt weld is no lower than Grade II. check the planeness of bearing installation plane. If necessary. ultrasonic or other methods may be used in the examination. If no definite requirements are raised out by manufacturer. Examine the height difference of middle ordinate of exterior margin key groove of each bracket arm as well as sub-frame interface of each bracket arm and the upper plane of central body. on . If the weighted butt weld is no lower than Grade II. c) Weld as required by the manufacturer. 9. Ratio of radiographic inspection welding seam is 25%. high-pressure oil jacking conduit with bearing shell and examine. c) Fuel inlet side shall be scraped as required by manufacturer.1. d) Carry out the appearance examination and non-destructive inspection over the butt-welded seam as required by drawing or technological documents provided by manufacturer. regulations of 4.3. which shall meet the requirements of design drawing. generally butt weld shall not be lower than Grade BI.

along the stacking height direction.2 The roundness of stator of lamination built-up by leaf inside the manufacturer.02mm/m. 9. The squareness of central axis of cyclometer shall not be greater than 0.1. f) Jacking oil container by high-pressure oil shall be examined or grounded and scraped according to design requirements.3 Combination of magnet yoke of lamination on site shall proceed according to the regulations of manufacturer. d) Trunking width of commissure shall meet the design requirements.2. e) Combination of magnet yoke and sub-frame shall meet the requirements of Article 4. Generally.3. The maximal inclination within the measuring range shall not be greater than 0. .3. draw out thrust pad to examine osculation conditions. Each section of each flap shall have least 3 points. Commissure shall have measuring points. Scrape for one round. contact surface of thin tile and pillow shall be over 70% and the contact surface shall distribute evenly. g) As for the thrust bearing with double tile structure. Around the strut bolt. adjust and pack the buttress and wedge plate according to the indexing azimuth and radius of extent. When thrust pad is under strained condition. b) Installation of central cyclometer shall be secure. c) Radial undercuts at the slot bottom of iron core commissure shall not be greater than 0. the following requirements shall be met. If no definite requirements are raised on design. Packing buttress shall be fastened temporarily. on the round part with 1/3 length of tile as diameter.4 guide-blocks need to be grounded and scraped on site shall be in compliance with related requirements of Article 5. After padding. scrap for the second time in 90° direction with the previous scraping. a) Arrange. If no definite regulations are raised. b) Pad the iron core commissures as required. difference between each actually measured radius and average radius shall not be greater than ± 4% of the design air interstice value. the following requirements shall be met: a) Check the clearance of combination seam of sub-frame with 0.6. select one surveyed cross-section every 1m and each section shall have at least measuring points. various exogenous influences shall be avoided. iron core commissure shall have no clearance at the commissure of iron core.3 Stator installation 9. 9. contact surface between thin tile and pillow shall meet the design requirements. examine the gaps between thin tile and pillow with 0. which shall meet the requirements of a) and b). and the gage shall not pass through at around the screw bolt and/or assembling pin.05mm.05mm clearance gage.the round parts with 2/3 the tile length as diameter. Roundness of the iron core of one-piece stator shall also meet the aforesaid requirements. clear away the contact points (feather contact points may be sustained). 9.7. and height difference of top surface of wedge plate shall be within 2mm. there shall be zero clearance. When measuring the circle.02mm clearance gage. 9. e) After the unit jigger. and then minimize the scope.1 After the combination of split stator of laminations inside the manufacturer.3mm.3.

Generally it is recommended: See Table 23 for the butt weld structure.0 +2.5~+1. As for sub-frames with the localization ribs welded in the manufacturer. 2) Deviation for the average value of the absolute radius of the inner circle of each circumferential lamellae and the design value shall conform to the requirement of manufacturer. If necessary. See Table 24 for the lap weld structure.5 +1. fill in the filler pieces as required by the manufacturer. calculate the shrinkage of welding seam according to the structure of sub-frame. It is generally recommended: 2.Actual diameter and the static balance of the feeler arm of the cyclometer central axis shall be examined. 1mm for lap weld.5 +3.0~+3. difference between the inner circle radius of localization rib and the design radius shall not be greater than±1% of the air interstice.5 +2. Generally.0~+4. thickness of the filler piece is 2mm ~ 3mm when the circumferential lamellae are butt welded.0~+2.5~+2. the following requirements shall be met: 1) The difference between the radius of screw centre (for sub-frame with core hole for screw. Table 23 Deviation for the average value of absolute radius of inner circle of each circumferential lamellae of butt welded structure sub-frame and the design value Unit: in millimeter Number of the paddles of 3 4 5 6 8 sub-frame Deviation for the absolute radius of each +1.5mm.0 circumferential lamellae Table 24 Deviation for the average value of absolute radius of each circumferential lamellae inner circle on butt welded structure sub-frame and the design value Unit: in millimeter Number of the paddles of ≤5 ≥6 sub-frame Deviation for the absolute radius of each +0. carry out the synthetic welding test and make process assessments to determine the padding thickness at the commissure. c) In the process joint close of the sub-frame combination. d) After the combination and adjustment of stator frame.0 +1. . the thickness of filler piece is 1mm.0~+2. before the welding.5~+3.0 circumferential lamellae 3) Welding of the sub-frame of localization rib inside manufacturer.5mm for butt weld. When the circumferential lamellae are lap welded. it refers to the core through screw center) to secure the lower tooth press plate on the lower ring plate circle of sub-frame and the design radius shall not be greater than±1.

Those that go beyond the standards shall be disposed. The absolute size dimension of each radius shall not be greater than ±2mm.4mm. zero clearance shall exist between cradle and field ring plate of the localization rib.3.8% of the design air interstice. examine with leveling rule no shorter than the length of the localization rib. examine and adjust the sub-frame. structure and articulation of lower tooth press plate.6 The installation of lower tooth press plate shall meet the following requirements: a) Height difference of each finger plate shall not be greater than 2mm. 9.15mm. Adjust the deviation of pressure finger centre and the punching tooth centre. g) Even the localization rib has been welded in the manufacturer.5mm of the design value.4 After the welding.3. After the sub-frame of the localization rib welded in the manufacturer is group welded on site. the higher the inside of lower tooth press plate is compared with its outer side.5m. c) After the entire welding of the localization ribs.3. Maximum deviation shall not exceed ± 0. Generally.5m long. b) Take the shallow tooth punching as the template. For the same localization rib at the same height.6% of the design air interstice.5mm of the design value no greater than 0. a) Align the localization rib before installation.5 Installation of the localization rib shall conform to the following requirements. . Deviation of radius of the two neighboring localization ribs at the same height shall not be greater than 0.9. upper value shall be adopted. e) Vergence direction of the installed localization rib in peripheral direction and inclination value shall meet the design requirements. it shall still take an examination on site according to the above requirements. Height difference between the pressure fingers of each two neighboring finger plates shall not be greater than 1mm. The deviation shall not be greater than 2mm. f) Generally. Examine with leveling rule at least 1. but the cumulative departure shall not be greater than 0. When the stacking height is over 2. the deviation of its radius and design value shall be within±0.25mm. For the structure of denticle press plate.1mm.3d (1) (2) shall be met. d) Deviation for the middle ordinate of localization rib at the same height and the average value shall not be greater than±0. 9. Linearity of the localization rib in both radial and peripheral direction shall not be greater than 0. difference of radius resulted by surface skew shall not be greater than 0. higher than the ex-circle.5m.3. b) After localization (or lap welding) of the reference rib of localization rib.10mm. which depends on the piling height of iron core. Peripheral and radial inclination maximum deviation shall not exceed ±0..5mm of the design value. the higher the stator core is. But the maximum allowable offset shall not go beyond ±0. requirements of 9. pressure finger of each finger plate and the inner circle of cross section are 1mm ~ 3. deviation of the localization rib radius and the design value shall be within ±2% of the design air interstice. If the localization rib is smaller than 1. Radial distance of finger plate teeth end and punching teeth end shall meet the drawing requirements. deviation of the radius of localization rib measured at each circumferential lamellae and the design value shall be within ±2% of the air interstice.5mm.

If clearance is left.9 After the completion of lamination and subsectional impaction.3. Impact according to the requirements of c) and d).8 Impaction of stator core shall meet the following requirements: a) Pressure bolt outside the iron core shall be installed according to the design requirements. e) According to the deviation of stacking height and waveness measured after the compaction of lamination by section. the amount of reduction of thermal pressure should be considered according to 0. leveling off. d) During the lamination of iron core.7 Stator-core lamination shall meet the following requirements: a) Core stamping shall be clean. nondestructive. examine the grounding insulation of core through screw and the insulating value shall meet the requirements of manufacturer. In each lamination. secure. subsectional crush height shall be determined by the structure of iron core. If not specified by the manufacturer. Generally. The number of screws measured on the entire circle shall not be fewer than 10. g) During the stacking of iron core. Generally. Make altitude compensation as specified by the manufacturer. Cool down to ambient temperature naturally. lamination shall abut against the localization rib or radial clearance is left. d) Packing force over iron core shall be built up in sequence by times until it reaches the specified numerical value of the manufacturer. Heat up according to the requirements of the manufacturer. e) For stator core required to be thermally impacted. 9. b) The iron core shall be segmented and impacted entirely. f) impact and examine according to requirements of d) of this article after the core flux test. b) Stack up stator core punching according to the procedure required by the manufacturer. Core-through pressure bolt shall maintain insulated and nondestructive. f) Stacking height of iron core shall consider the amount of reduction of entire impaction and thermal pressure. The subsectional crush height and times shall meet the requirements of manufacturer. After the complete installation and emplacement of . c) As required by the manufacturer. and shall be evenly distributed into each lamination segment. each segment should not exceed 600mm.2%~0. Check the impacted average pressure with the method of measuring the elongation of evenly distributed impacted impaction screw. and the belleville spring gasket shall be in good condition.3. 9. proceeds the installation of upper press plate.3. then the left clearance shall be even. check frequently and adjust the roundness. the thermal impaction shall proceed after the entire impaction of iron core and before the core flux test. each punching shall be fitted with at 2 slot rods and slot-wedge slot rods to locate as required by the manufacturer and shall be reshaped with dressing stick. c) Packing force of the segmentional impaction of iron core and entire compaction should meet the requirements of manufacturer. and with perfect lacquer film. Paint bonding agent between the punchings of upper and lower ends of lamination according to the manufacturer. Over 2mm spacing shall be maintained between it and iron core. Control different punching segments and stack-up height of each subsection. amount of deviation shall not be greater than 0mm ~ +1mm.3% of the stacking height.9. g) Before and after the core test.

Generally positive deviation shall be adopted.0 25 30 40 45 50 . which shall not be greater than 2mm.impaction screws.5 13. Each section shall have at least 16 measuring points. Table 26 Allowable value for the waveness of the upper end of iron core Unit: in millimeter Length of the 1000 < l < 1500 ≤ l < l < 1000 2000≤ l <2500 l≥2500 iron core l 1500 2000 Deviation 6 7 9 10 11 d) Examination over the iron-cored flute profiles with continuous manger rod shall all pass through.75 18. Radial distance of pressure finger teeth end and punching teeth end shall meet the requirements of drawing. Deviation of the measured value of each point and design value shall not exceed regulations in Table 25. measuring points of each cross section shall be increased accordingly.3. Table 25 Permissible deviation for the height of each measuring point of the stator core Unit: in millimeter Height of the 1000 < h < 1500 ≤h< h < 1000 h≥2500 2000≤A<2500 iron core h 1500 2000 Deviation -2~+4 -2~+5 -2 ~ |6 -2~+7 -2~+8 c) Waveness of the rabbet tooth tip at the upper end of iron core shall not be greater than the value regulated in Table 26.3.3 10. The difference between each radius and the design radius shall not be greater than±4% of the design air interstice of generator. Generally. Joint weld of metal supporting ring shall adopt non-magnetic material. 9.10 After the installation of stator iron core. Table 27 Insulation wrapping lap length of the supporting ring Nominal voltage of generator Lap length mm 6. adjust the deviation of pressure finger centre of upper press plate and punching teeth centre. The lap joints between the original insulation and new insulation shall be machined into slope. b) Measure stacking height on at the bottom of iron core slot and at least 16 measuring points evenly distributed on the back. Connection of insulated supporting ring shall meet the requirements of manufacturer. 9. The insulation wrapping shall be tight. the lap length shall not be smaller than that specified in Table 27. the following requirements shall be met: a) Roundness measuring of iron core: measure along the stacking height direction around every other 1m and in many sections. When the diameter of stator core is large.11 Installation of supporting ring shall proceed. Groove depth and slot width match the design value.8 15.

c) After the straight line portion of coil is embedded into the winding slot. . 9.15 Weld of coil joint shall meet the following requirements: a) Operating personnel of braze welding must accept professional training and take their job after they pass the examination. b) Carry out the electrical test on coil according to requirements of 14. b) Deviation of longitudinal separation shall be within the length scope of joint sleeve. semiconductor packing strip may be used in filling. c) Use the soldered fitting of tin soldering size bridge casing structure. 9. size bridges sheath. the following examination shall be made: a) Check the width of straight line portion of each single stator coil in cold state. b) Before braze welding. copper wedge and current-carrying part of copper wire shall be tightly bonded and shall not be clamped by force.1.3. the clearance between copper wire and size bridges sheath is no greater than 0.5mm. Allowable interstitial length of each slot wedge shall not exceed 1/3 of the slot wedge length. The unilateral clearance shall meet the requirements of manufacturer. 9.13 setting-in of stator coil shall meet the following requirements: a) Coil and iron core as well as supporting ring shall be secured. d) After the setting-in of upper coil and inner coil. The hypotenuse gap is in compliance with the design requirements.12 Before the setting-in of loop. Allowable partial clearance is 0.3mm generally. the lap length of divided conductor shall not be smaller than 5 times the thickness of divided conductor. The length protruding out the iron core slot opening and its fixing form shall meet the design requirements.1. Size bridges sheath.5kV or higher. if the unilateral clearance is over 0. generally.14 Slot wedge. f) Joint brazing shall proceed according to the heating method and processes specified by manufacturer.3. Adopt stator coil of semiconductor slot liner structure.9. joint copper wire. Generally padding clearance after joint fit-up is smaller than 0. The elevation of upper and lower end coils shall be identical. surface gutter potential or cell resistance shall be determined after the setting-in of coil. which shall meet the design regulations. coil and iron core gullet shall couple tightly. For unit with voltage grade at 10.25mm. ventilation opening of slot wedge shall align with the center of core ventilation channel. the coil bar joints and the brazed parts shall be cleaned up as required by manufacturer and metallic luster shall come out. e) Use brazed joint of phosphorus silver-bearing copper brazing filler metal buttstrap. The deviation shall not be greater than 3mm.3. Examine the slot wedge tightness according to the specified method of manufacturer after the hammering-in of slot wedge. copper wedge and so on to meet the tin dipping. e) Grounding insulation of coil adopts epoxy-based mica.3mm and the continuous length is greater than 100mm. d) Use brazed joint of bonded construction phosphorus copper brazing filler metal braided wire.3. Slot wedge shall not project iron core. The filling-in depth shall be identical to the insert depth of coil as much as possible. carry out the voltage withstand test according to the regulations of Article 14. under the nominal phase-to-phase voltage and the gutter potential shall be lower than 10V or the cell resistance shall meet the requirements of manufacturer. The coils shall be fixed and secured.

Generally.17 Installation of bus rod shall conform to the following requirements: a) Bolting joint shall be tin dipped or silver plated.Nominal capacity of hydraulic generator. SN . gap width for technological requirements of emboitement adopts . it shall not be lower than the value calculated according to the following equation.3.05mm clearance gage. before the wrapping. 9. b) For insulation adopting epoxy to cast.Nominal line voltage of hydraulic generator.1 Hot jacket of wheel hub shall meet the following requirements: a) Except for the shrink range. The contact surface of joint shall level off. b) When the temperature is under 40°C. The wrapped insulation layers shall be coated with glue. MW. Straightness of the contact surface of joint shall not exceed 0. Rt = R × 1. Use moment spanner to screw down the connecting bolt with the designed pretightening force of screw bolt.6(100-t)/1G Where R . Shrink range takes the value measured and examined before the shrinkage fit and refers to the value provided by manufacturer. 9.4.3.16 Requirements on the coil splices insulation: a) For insulation wrapped with mica ribbon. Generally. The solder shall be replete.6 or its polarization index R10min/1min is no smaller than 2. its lap length shall meet the requirements of Table 27. the mixture ratio of epoxy shall meet the design requirements. Clearance around the joints and insulation case shall be even.4 Rotor installation 9. R= UN ( MΩ) 1000 + S N / 100 Where: UN . The wrapping shall be dense and the number of wrapping layers shall meet the design requirements. The casting shall be saturated without penetrability pore and crackle. swelling capacity of wheel hub shall also add the gap width of ensembling technological requirements. scrape the original insulation into slope.3. insulation resistance Rt (MW) of stator winding at room temperature t (°C) may be amended according to the following equation. The lap length of coil terminal insulation and case shall meet the design requirements. absorption ratio of insulation of epoxy reconstituted mica R60/R15 is no smaller than 1.03mm or contact surface of joint shall meet the requirements when checking with 0. 9. as well as the systolic value generated by the cooling of wheel hub during the process of sheating. unit in V.18 Measurement of insulation over the ground and that between windings of stator winding a) When insulation value of each phase of stator winding is converted into 100°C. slag inclusion and the surface shall be polished. unit in kVA For dry and clean hydraulic generator.Calculated value of hot insulation resistance when of winding the corresponding temperature is 100°C.0. b) Soldered joint shall be free of pores.9.

5mm. During the warming up. During the cooling procedure.03mm/m. 9. 9. 3) Squareness of vertical supporting plate shall not be greater than 0. b) Difference of elevation of each hookup at the lower end of wheel arm shall not be greater than 1mm when the overall diameter of wheel arm is smaller than 8m. chord length of the upper and lower ends of each key groove.7. when the overall diameter of wheel arm is 8m or longer.2 Before the assembling of wheel arm.05mm/m. then add proper planing and milling allowance. On the .0mm. 4) Dimension of the flexible chord length of wheel arm before welding shall consider the welding shrinkage. squareness of the principal axes and levelness of wheel hub in lift and strained condition shall be adjusted and controlled within 0.4. generally temperature difference of the upper and lower side of the wheel hub is not higher than 40°C. rotor field spider and central body.5mm ~ 1.4.25mm/m and the maximal value shall not be greater than 0. The value must satisfy the calculation requirements of a) in this article. the difference of elevation shall not be greater than 1. After the heating up.1/1000 of the axial diameter. c) Roundness and squareness of the exterior margin of wheel arm. b) Before heating up of the wheel hub. monitor and control the temperature to make it evenly inflate. b) After the combination of the symmetric scallop lobes of the rotor field spider.15mm/m.5mm. adjust the level of central body. 9. Generally it is 2mm ~ 5mm larger than the design value. check the swelling capacity of wheel hub carefully.3 Examine after the combination of wheel arm. lug boss of principal axes shall be cooled first. Adjust the level of central body and its levelness shall not be greater than 0.5mm. 2) Radius of vertical supporting plates shall be decided by the shrinkage of welding seam. 9.4 Assembling of the rotor field spider of disc type structure shall meet the following requirements: a) Rotor central body shall support firmly. as well as depth and width of key groove shall all meet the design requirements: d) Tangential and radial inclination pitch of the wheel arm key groove shall not be greater than 0. examination and adjustment over the central body shall be carried out as follows: a) Examine the dimension of each part as required by drawing. after considering the shrinkage of welding seam. If the external surface of vertical supporting plate needs planing and milling.03mm/m. c) After the shrinkage fit of wheel hub. Levelness measured of the top of the flange face shall not be greater than 0.4.4. b) Rotor central body shall support firmly. Measures to correct deviations shall be adopted. the dimensional variance of bracket shall be monitored.5 During the welding process of rotor disc bracket. which shall meet the following requirements: a) The clearance of combination seam shall meet the requirements of Article 4. Planar height difference between two neighboring hookups shall not be greater than 1mm. The systolic value generated by the cooling of wheel hub is adopted between 0. the following requirements shall be met: 1) Elevation difference of the upper plane of the wheel arm is 1.

4. when the central body level meets the requirements of Article 9. count and list for the counterweight of yoke stack. 9. but the elevation difference of two neighboring hookups shall not be greater than 1mm. and disposed. the qualitative assessment of butt weld welding seam shall meet the requirements of Article 9. Draw out 3~5 pieces from each group and measure the thickness. thinned.5mm.2mm/m. If yoke punching is not grouped according to quality in the manufacturer.1.2d). The positive side and the opposite side of each sheet shall be in accordance with each other when they are piled up. it shall be weighed and grouped according to Table 28.2 0. Table 28 Quality grouping of yoke punching Unit: in kilogram Rotation speed n t/min Mass of each yoke punching t Kg t < 20 n < 100 100≤n<300 n≥300 0. For rotor field spider used to form vertical supporting plate or sub-vertical supporting plate. d) Height and position of wind deflecting belt and line seam ring of vent spacer shall meet the design requirements. be free of oil sludge. during the process of refacing and milling after the welding.6 Examination over the yoke punching and vent spacer shall meet the following requirements: a) Surface of yoke punching and vent spacer shall level off. Vent spacer also participate in the counterweight. radius of its vertical supporting plate shall meet this requirement after it is welded.5% of the air interstice. On the completion of the welding.4. b) Vertical degree of vertical supporting plate shall not exceed 0. If the manufacturer does not put forward definite requirements. which shall meet the following requirements.3 0. e) Planeness of the brake hoop plate joint face shall not be greater than 2.1 . c) According to the weighing. After the welding. thickness record and yoke installation drawing of the punching. the deviation of radius after the processing and the design value shall not exceed ±1% of the air interstice. a) Deviation between the outerplanar radius of vertical supporting plate that influence the rotor roundness and design value shall not exceed ±1. d) Discrepancy in elevation of the vertical supporting plate hookup shall not be greater than 2mm.completion of welding. grouping. examination shall be made over the appearance and non-destructive test according to the requirements of drawing and technological documents provided by the manufacturer. Examine the dimension of disc bracket. b) Yoke punching shall be weighed and grouped in the manufacturer. rustiness and burrs.4a). c) Chord length at the top and bottom of wheel arm exterior margin shall meet the design requirements.

the crush height shall be lowered. Subsectional crush height shall meet the requirements of manufacturer. and each punching shall have at least 3 screw stems. 2) Seam crossing shall have clearances above 2mm. Waveness around the entire circumference shall not be greater than 2mm.4. and each punching shall have at least 3 yokes.4. No downbulge is permitted for longitudinal ream and the allowable fovea superior value shall not be greater than 0.7 Installation of brake hoop plate shall conform to the following requirements: a) Brake hoop plate shall be assembled according to serial number.20 ≤t < 40 t ≥ 40 0. Examine and make sure dimension of each part meets the requirements. and then formally stack up. 3) Screw bolt at the circumferential lamellae part shall yield to the friction surface by over 2mm. Front and back side of punching shall be identical.4 0. Assemble according to symmetric mass principle. d) During the lamination procedure. 9.5 0. punching shall be located by yoke key and dowel. c) Brake hoop plate of fabricated structure: 1) Radial direction of the circumferential lamellae shall be horizontal and the deviation shall be within 0. e) Impaction of the yoke shall be made by moment spanner symmetrically and orderly.4. . b) For brake hoop plate with welded structure. adjustment of its radial level and waveness shall proceed at the same time of impaction. and shall meet the requirements of 9. f) After the compaction of yoke. Examine the flashboard juncture along the rotation direction of unit.3 0.5mm. But for punching of inferior quality or yoke subsection with greater stacking pressure. clearance between the punching and stud excircle of rotor field spider shall be even. g) During the procedure of yoke stack-up. Stress and prolongation value of permanent screw stem shall meet the regulations of manufacturer. At least 10 screw stems should be spot tested in the peripheral direction for the prolongation value to check the pretightening force. b) Generally. generally. Proceed the installation of guidance key as regulated by the manufacturer. Yoke without localization structure can be evenly penetrated by over 20% permanent screws in the localization. planeness of brake surface of brake hoop plate shall be smaller than 2.5mm.99.2 0. Increase the packing force bit by bit until it reaches the required pretightening force.5mm. check and adjust the roundness frequently. the subsectional crush height shall not be greater than 800mm.3 9. Yoke without localization structure can be evenly penetrated by over 20% permanent screw stems in the localization. If there are no definite requirements raised by manufacturer. c) Temporary guidance key will serve as a structure for tangential grinder and radial location. Lamination mode and stacking height shall meet the design requirements.4 0. The piece after shall not bulge out of the previous piece. stacking factor of yoke calculated according to weight method shall not be less than 0.7c). h) As for brake plate laying at the lower part of yoke.8 Stack-up of yoke punching shall meet the following requirements: a) Try stacking 100mm of yoke punching first.

5mm. c) During the warming up of the key stroke (or hot tray) of the yoke. d) Pressing magnitude of the hot key stroke of (or hot tray) shall meet the design requirements. Measures shall be taken to sustain a temperature difference between yoke and bracket arm. dovetail slot. Deviation in height at the same longitudinal section shall not be greater than 5mm. the length uncased on the top of the yoke key must satisfy the requirements of hot key stroke. l) Press plate of yoke shall be weighed and shall be disposed with symmetric mass. The lower part of yoke key shall be cut flat and evenly according to hookup of wheel arm. 9. very few higher spots shall be planished. k) Dimension of air chute. g) Installation of manifold key combination with yoke cross key. secondary positioning key and lamination key shall proceed according to the requirements of manufacturer. distortion at the upper and lower spigots of rotor center part shall be checked. zero clearance between yoke and the hookup of wheel arm. If no definite provisions are given by the manufacturer. Relative displacement incurred in the radial direction between the rotor spider and yoke during the cold key stroke shall meet the commendatory value of manufacturer. generally. Deviation of the height along circumferential direction and the design height shall not go beyond the limit regulated in Table 29.9 Installation of radial yoke key shall meet the following requirements: a) Compact the yoke key under cold state. the average height of yoke shall not be lower than the design height. which shall be straight. average value of relative displacement in the radial direction may be controlled at 0. . but an adequate distance shall be maintained between it and upper framework or breastplate.25mm according to the dimension of residual distortion of the rotor yoke. after the heating of key stroke (or tray heating). 150mm ~ 200mm shall be kept on the upper end. Check the yoke roundness to make sure it is eligible.08mm ~ 0. spring gutter and so on shall meet the design requirements.i) After the yoke is fully impacted. peripheral positioning key. b) For yoke with key stroke heating requirements. f) For rotor of non-shaft construction.4. e) Cool the hot key stroke of yoke down to room temperature. yoke shall have good insulation. Very few that have clearance shall not be greater than 0. Table 25 Permissible deviation for the height of each measuring point along the peripheral direction of the yoke Unit: in millimeter 1500 ≤A < 2000 ≤A < 1000 ≤A < Yoke height h≥2500 h < 1000 1500 2000 2500 Permissible -1~+5 -1 ~ +7 -1~+8 0~+10 0~+11 deviation j) Generally. m) Contact surface of yoke and polar shall be examined with leveling rule no shorter than 1m. n) Stack-up of subsectional yoke shall also meet the aforesaid regulations and the requirements of drawing.

b) Before and after the suspension and installation of magnetic pole. apply lubricant on the inclined plane.0 ±1. It shall meet the requirement that the imbalance mass in the symmetric direction shall not go beyond the requirements of Table 30 after the magnetic pole is fitted within the scope of 22.0 ±2. check and test according to regulations of Article 14.0 b) For rotor with nominal speed at 300r/min or above. the elevation difference of magnetic pole installation at symmetric directions shall not be greater than 1. Table 31 Elevation deviation of the installation of magnetic poles center Length of the magnetic pole iron core m Permissible deviation of elevation mm ≤ 1. the osculation shall be tightly closed. After the hammering in.11 Before the installation of magnetic poles. the difference shall not go beyond the range of -1mm ~ 0mm.10 measure the yoke roundness.5 >2.4. Table 30 Permissible deviation for the mass imbalance of magnetic pole installation Unit: in kilogram Permissible deviation for the mass imbalance in the installation Total mass of yoke of magnetic poles under different rotation speed (r/min) and magnetic poles t ≥200~< 500 ≥500 < 200 t<200 6 3 2 200≤t<400 8 4 2 400≤t<600 10 5 3 600≤t<800 12 6 4 t ≥800 14 7 4 9.4. c) Examine the polarity and installation mass according to magnetic pole number.4. . the following examination shall be taken: a) When the pole coil is impacted. But still.5°~45° angles. d) Bearing plate of magnetic pole shall abut against the dovetail bottom of magnetic pole and shall be anchor-held by welding.5% of the design air interstice. the height difference of press plate and iron core shall meet the design requirements. 9.9. Generally mass balance takes into account the mass of leading wires and attachments.5 ±1 1. When no regulation is given. Fit the magnetic poles in order according to the manufacturer’s serial number. About 200mm is given over on the upper end. it shall maintain adequate distance from the upper framework or breastplate.5mm. The difference between each radius and the design radius shall not be greater than±3. lower part shall be cut flat and even referring to the dovetail slot bottom.4.12 Installation of magnetic pole shall meet the following requirements: a) The elevation deviation in the installation of pole center shall meet the requirements of Table 31. When no regulation is given by manufacturer.5~2. For magnetic pole key that has passed examination. c) Before the hammering in of the magnetic pole key.

9.5% of the design air interstice.4. c) Wrapping of splice insulation shall meet the design requirements. but the maximal shall not be greater than 1. 9. Osculation and joints of bolting shall be rigorous and the connection shall be in compliance with requirements of 9.10 Check the rotor roundness after the installation of magnetic pole. Current density of contact surface shall meet the design requirements: b) Welding of soldered joint shall be replete. distance between its metal parts and magnetic poles as well as coils is no smaller than 10mm. A safety distance no smaller than 8 mm shall be kept between the joints and grounding conductor.40 0.15 The blower fan shall be free of flaws like cracks/ The installation shall be solid. It is strictly forbidden to adopt gas cutting or electric welding over the blower fan. the excircle of oil deflector should be centered. locked and reliable. Integrate offset value of rotor shall satisfy requirements of Table 32.4.17 a). 9. with luminescent and clean appearance and shall possess certain elasticity. The bolts shall be locked and reliable.4. locked and reliable.50 0.4.14 Connection of magnetic pole joint and installation of excitation leading wire shall meet the following requirements: a) Joint dislocation shall not exceed 10% of the joint width. After the tightening of the insulation clamping plate. Generally.3. The difference between each radius and the design radius shall not be greater than±4% of the design air interstice. The joints of the bolt connection shall be tin-coated or silver coated.17 Before the rotor is suspended into the unit pit.5 item by item.15 9. The inserting depth shall not be greater than 5mm.30 decentralization 300 ≤n<500 0.16 Check the counterface of the damping ring joints with 0. 1mm~2mm clearance at both ends of the two clamping plates.e) Interelectrode support block shall be installed in the right way. The . test according to Article 14. The coated layer shall be neat and clean and shall be made as required by 9. Connecting bolts of damping ring shall be tightened according to the moment regulated by the manufacturer.5. with fastening support and shall be locked reliably.5 Overall installation 9.05mm clearance gauge. For units with rotation speed higher than 200r/min. d) Ranging of the Excitation Leading Wire of rotor shall be tight and the fastening shall be secure.17a).3. Table 32 Entire allowable eccentricity of the rotor Rotation rate of n<100 100 ≤n<200 200 ≤n<300 unit (n) r/min Allowable 0. 9.4. The joints at the terminals shall be connected according to design requirements.1 Installation of framework shall meet the following requirements: a) Central deviation of the machine frame shall not be greater than 1mm. 9.

5mm generally. b) During the alignment of stator according to the actual central line of water turbine.15% of the effective length of the stator iron core. b) Deviation for the installation elevation of the actuator top surface shall be within ±1mm. the pressure drop shall be within 3%. b) Central deviation of thrust bearing base of the machine frame shall not be greater than 1. c) Pipeline of the braking system shall take tightness compression test strictly according to the design requirements. difference of each radius and the average radius shall not be greater than ±4% of the design air clearance. c) Elevation deviation of the machine frame installation shall not exceed ±1.5. for measurement at the same section during installation. Difference between each clearance and the average clearance shall not be greater than ±8% of the average clearance.02mm/m. Piston of the spring-return actuator shall be able to reset automatically after the pressure is removed. d) Jack of the machine frame in radial direction should be flat and stress it bears shall be even. Average central elevation of the stator iron core and average central elevation of the rotor magnetic pole shall be made identical and the deviation shall not exceed ±0.5mm and its horizontal deviation shall not be greater than 0. For elastic oil tank thrust bearing without support bolts and multi-spring support structure thrust bearing. d) when the rotor is in the center of the unit.2 Installation of the actuator shall meet the following requirements: a) Tightness compression test on the actuator shall be carried out strictly according to the design requirements. d) Actuator shall take lowering and lifting test by having compressed in to check the flexibility of the actuator’s mechanism and if the stroke of the actuator meet the requirements. Roundness of the oil deflector shall be in compliance with the design requirements.3 Stator installation shall meet the following requirements: a) Stator installation azimuth shall be in compliance with the position of the lead-out of generator and ensure the normal connection of the generator lead-out. horizontal deviation of the machine frame shall not be greater than 0. b) For axleless umbrella type or half umbrella type hydraulic generator. Sustain for 30min.04mm/m. its installation elevation deviation shall not be beyond the range of ±5mm. and the maximum shall not exceed ±4mm. and during the 30 minutes. check the air clearance between the upper and lower ends of rotor. Generally. Gap deviation between actuator and rotor braking ring plate shall be within ±20% of the design value. 9.central deviation value shall meet the manufacturer’s requirements.5. The alignment of stator according to rotor shall meet the requirements of d) of this article. 9.5. adjustment of surface elevation of its actuator only needs to consider the shaft coupling clearance between . 9. c) Check the installation elevation of stator according to the elevation of main axle flange of the water turbine and actually measured dimension of each part.4 Rotor installation shall meet the following requirements: a) Adjust the elevation of the top surface of the actuator before the installation of stator in suspension-type unit and sustain 4mm~8mm clearance between the stator and the carrier plate during the coupling of thrust collar after the rotor is suspended.

02mm gage.03mm gage. Measure the deflection of the rotor at the lower part of yoke. the variance in the . e) If the stator center of generator has been aligned according to the fixed part of water turbine. check the clearance between the upper and lower stressed surface of the clasp with 0. During the hot coupling of transitional fitting thrust collar. which shall not pass through.6 Adjustment of thrust bearing pad shall meet the following requirements: a) Adjust the stress of thrust bearing pads when the shaft is upright.water turbine and generator. the heating temperature of thrust collar should be better within 100°C. The hammering impact shall make the main shaft to have an 0. b) Generally.03mm. adjust the elevation and level of the carrier plate. c) After the heating up of thrust collar. and the rotor and runners are in the central position. Otherwise. Check the uprightness of generator shaft or the flange surface level on the central body of rotor. then the rotor shall be aligned according to qualified water turbine shaft. c) When the method of hammering load bearing bolt is adopted to adjust the stress on rigid support thrust bearing. drop the rotor directly onto the thrust bearing through guide part. Check with 0. After clasp is stressed. monitor the main shaft with a percentage meter at the water turbine bearing. Measuring with no lubricant applied on the surface of thrust bearing pads. During the suspension of rotor. d) During the coupling of thrust collar and axial bolts.5.5 Installation of thrust collar shall meet the following requirements: a) Before the coupling of thrust collar. adjust its level under lifting and lowering state.05mm~0. which shall not be able to pass through.9. Its elevation shall consider the deflection value of bearing generator frame and compression value of the elastic thrust bearing. Lifting and lowering the rotor. 9. 9. d) When the stator of generator is aligned according to rotor. clear the lower part of the rotor completely.10mm inclination on average. b) Before the hot coupling of thrust collar. No clearance shall exist between the coupling interfaces.02mm/m. c) During the suspension of rotor. Under equal hammering impact.02mm. the difference between each clearance and the average clearance shall not exceed ±8% of the average clearance value. its horizontal deviation shall be within 0. then adjust the center according to the air clearance after the rotor is suspended and check and measure the air clearance between stator and the upper and lower ends of the rotor. the installation of clasp shall only proceed after its temperature falls to ambient temperature. and the elevation and level of carrier plate meet the requirements. Central deviation between the two flange surfaces shall be smaller than 0. Central deviation of thrust collar with guide spindle journal neck shall not exceed 0. pretightening load to connect the bolts shall meet the requirements of 4. it shall be drawn out and disposed and shall not be padded.04mm and the parallelism between the flange surfaces shall be smaller than 0.5. the difference between the distortion value of each block plate and the average distortion value shall not exceed ±10% of the average distortion value. adjust the stress of rigid support thrust bearing with the method of measuring the distortion of bearing bush.

which shall not be greater than 0.inclination of main shaft and the average inclination value shall not exceed ±10% of the average inclination value.05mm. adjust the level of carrier plate. When there is no design requirement. lift and lower the rotor. after carrier plate is suspended onto thrust bearing pads. On the completion of adjustment of axle line. i) After the final adjustment and location of thrust bearing pad. which shall meet the following requirements: a) Generally. Level of carrier plate shall meet the requirements of 9.5. under the condition that the balance weight is fixed. the deviation for the quantity of compression of each elastic oil tank shall not be greater than 0. f) For balance weight thrust bearing. the quantity of compression of each elastic oil tank shall meet the design requirements. b) If pressurized oil jack is adopted in jiggering.7Check and adjust the axial line of the machine frame.02mm/m. it is required to measure the distance from the upper surface of thrust bearing base to carrier plate according to the crossing line direction and then record it. and axial clearance between steel casing of hydraulic bearing and oil tank chassis shall all meet the design requirements: j) To facilitate the checking that if the elastic oil tank has leakage or not. h) Installation of multi-spring support structure thrust bearing shall proceed according to the requirements of manufacturer. . Before the jiggering. axial clearance. Difference between two angles of oil inlet sides of each tile and the average clearance of carrier plate shall not be greater than ±20%. the swing value of each part of the generator unit shall not exceed requirements of Table 33. when the thrust bearing has been adjusted to be qualified and rotating part of the unit falls on the thrust bearing. g) For thrust bearing of elastic-girder double support-point structure. lift and lower the rotor. measure the distortion of pillow or upper balance weight. when the upper and lower parts of guide bearing pads are cling to each other near the thrust bearing.2mm. c) For rigid jiggering of thrust bearing. thrust bearing pads and pressurized oil jack system shall be cleaned up. and radial relative position of thrust bearing pads and carrier plate. Check each side of oil outlet of thrust bearing pads and carrier plate. When lowering rotor and releasing the guide bearing pad. surface of thrust bearing pads shall be coated with uncontaminated cleaned lubricating granules.5a).5. jiggering method is used to check and adjust the axle line. Adjust the single side clearance of the guide bearing pad near thrust collar or temporary guide bearing pad. When pressurized oil jack jigger is not adopted in jiggering. the rotating part of generator unit is in central position and the main shaft is in natural state and upright. 9. stress over each tile shall be adjusted to be even. tangential clearance of the press plate as well as the deflector of the thrust bearing pads and the tiles. which is generally 0. between which there shall be no clearance. the distortion value of each pillow or upper balance weight and the average distortion value shall not exceed ±10% of the average distortion value. The distortion value shall meet the design requirements. e) For hydraulic thrust bearing without support bolt. d) For hydraulic support thrust bearing.03mm~0.

35mm. axial swing at the margin of carrier plate shall not go beyond the requirements of Table 34. Air clearance between the upper and lower part of the guide bearing pad close to the thrust bearing shall be adjusted to 0.03 0.5.05 0. 4. 2. Absolute swing refers to the actual swing value measured at the measuring point. The aforesaid all refers to the jiggering swing of the unit. not the operation swing.03mm~0. d) Elastic jiggering of hydraulic prop thrust bearing shall proceed after the stress over the toroidal membrane is adjusted to be qualified. After the axial line is checked and adjusted to be qualified. 3. For unit with the rotation rate lower than 250 ~ 600 r / min.02 0.03 0.40 0. Table 34 Allowable axle swing for carrier plate (End face run-out) Diameter of the carrier plate (m) Axial Swing (mm) . it is 0..10 shaft swing mm Notes: 1.If permitted by conditions.02 guide shaft swing mm/m bearing point Generator Absolute slip ring 0.30 0.20 mm. stress over the toroidal membrane shall be counterchecked.03 0.02 0.6 d). Table 33 Allowable swing for the axle line of generator Unit: in double-amplitude Name of measuring swing Rotation speed of the axle nr/min the axle point classification n<150 150≤n<300 300≤n<500 500≤n<750 n≥750 shaft neck between the upper Generator and lower Relative 0.20 0.04 0. which shall meet the requirements of 9. swing in every squater of the unit axial line shall also be checked according to rigid method jiggering. carry out elastic jiggering as required by Clause d of this article. it is 0. In no case shall absolute swing at the turbine guide bearing point exceed the following values: For unit with the rotation rate lower than 250r / min. it is 0. For unit with rotation rate at 600r / min or above.05 0. Relative swing: ratio of the distances from the absolute swing (mm) and measuring point to carrier plate space (M).50 0. At the same time. During the jiggering. Check the axial swing of the carrier plate’s exterior margin.05mm.02 shaft bearing of swing mm/m generator shaft and flange Shaft neck at the Turbine Relative 0.25mm. for elastic thrust bearing.

rotor roundness. 0. the deviation shall not be greater than 0.10 ≤0. 1. Pump oil into the oil system continuously with oil pump until the oil quality reaches the standard. thrust bearing resistance MΩ meter (V) Measure after Base and the installation 1 bracket of thrust 5 500 of base and bearing bracket . Check the in-plant operation record of axial line and the clearance variations between the upper and lower shafts and the rotor after the thermal keying (thermal padding) to check the axial changes during jiggering. Table 35 Insulation resistance of each part of thrust bearing of the suspensory unit Electric voltage Parts of the Insulation of megohm Notes No.0 and 1.5. h) Suspending steel wire at the cross direction or suspending steel wire in the center if axle hole or other methods should be used in checking the folding and verticality of the axials. b) Cracking pressure of overflow cock shall meet the design requirements. Each non-return valve shall take tightness & oil-pressure resistance test when bearing reversed compression. c) Adjust the oil mass of flow regulating valve of each tile under the working pressure to make the grading tolerance of each tile's oil film thickness no greater than 0. air interstice monitoring plant should be used to adapt to the jiggering method and check the stator roundness.9 Insulation resistance of each part of thrust bearing of the suspensory unit shall not be smaller than the values regulated in Table 35.8 Installation of the high pressure oil lift device and external cycle cooling unit of thrust bearing shall meet the following requirements: a) Oil pipeline of the system shall be cleared clean.3 d). No leakage shall happen under the aforesaid pressure conditions. Carry out the oil pressure test according to the design requirements. 9. checking shall be made over the bending conditions of each segment during the jiggering.13 respectively.10 a) and 9. check the air interstice for every 90° rotation with jiggering method and the value shall meet requirements of 9.3.<2. g) When the rotor is central position.5.15 ≤0. Sustain for 10min under 0.0~3.75.4.0 2.04mm / m.02mm. f) When the rotor is in central position.5 ≤0. Generally.5. which shall meet the requirements of 9.20 e) For multi-sectional axle construction unit.5 >3.5.25 times of the working pressure. d) External cycle cooling unit and pipeline of thrust bearing shall be cleared clean and water-pressure resistance test shall be carried out according to the design requirements. 9.

jack up the rotor.02 500 6 Embedded temperature detector 50 250 Before connecting with the joint of thrust bearing pads. The rotation part and all connectors on the fixed parts shall be dismantled temporarily. measure the insulation resistance of each thermometer core wire to thrust bearing . the temperature shall be 10 ~ 30°C. The rotor falls on the thrust bearing.2 High pressure oil injecting oil pipeline 10 500 3 Entire body of the thrust bearing 1 500 4 Entire body of the thrust bearing 0. Before infusing lubricating oil. test each single one On the completion of the bearing installation. the temperature shall be 10 ~ 30°C. After infusing lubricating oil. On the completion of the bearing installation. Before infusing in lubricant oil.5 500 5 Entire body of the thrust bearing 0. jack up the rotor.

g) When the electric welding operation proceeds on the rotatable parts.10 Installation of guide bearing shall meet the following requirements: a) Axial line of the generator unit and stress over thrust bearing pads shall be adjusted to be qualified. the tiles shall be secured and locked. c) Axial clearance between the rotation part and fixed parts inside the oil groove shall meet the requirements of crest rotor. at the same time. The pressurized blanket and the rotor shaft shall not closely contact. and the deviation of the radial distance and average distance between the oil baffle excircle and the shaft neck inner circle shall not exceed ±10%.pad Note: 3.12 Installation of cover board. the insulation resistance shall be generally above 50MW. The centricity deviation shall not be greater than 1. After the adjustment of the clearance. And security protection measures shall be adopted to ensure that electric welding slag will not splash into oil groove and bearing. 9. generally. one item of which may be adopted to measure. f) Fuel head of oil groove shall meet the design requirements. After the installation.12. ground wire of welding machine shall be connected to the parts that need to be welded directly. carry out the proof test according to the requirement of 4. 9.11. Check the oil quality before infusing oil. Trademark of the lubricant oil shall meet the design requirements. air damper and fire pipe . b) Wearing ring clearance of water turbine and generator air interstice shall be qualified. Its diametral clearance shall meet the requirements of design drawing. e) Excircle of oil baffle shall be concentric with the unit. f) When the main shaft is in central position. d) Oil groove shall be clean inside and the oil circulation line shall be ensured to be smooth according to the design requirements. b) Water-pressure resistance test shall be carried out before the installation of oil tank cooler according to the design requirement . adjust the gap according to the swing direction and the size of the jigger.5. c) During the final installation of sectional type guide bearing pad that have a insulation requirement.02mm. the deviation shall not exceed ±5mm.0mm. d) Bearing bush shall be installed according to the position of spindle center. Groove-style pressurized blanket is put into the gutter and the amount of compression shall be about 1mm.5.5.02mm. and the clearance deviation of two neighboring tiles and the required value shall not be greater than 0. 4 and 5.11 Installation of oil slot shall meet the following requirements: a) Oil slot shall take koresene tightness leakage test according to requirements of 4. which shall be in compliance with regulations of GB/T11120. 9. The total clearance shall meet the design requirements: e) Permissible deviation for the clearance of sectional type guide bearing pad shall not be greater than ±0. measure the distance from shaft neck and machined surface of tile base in the crossing direction of X and Y and then make records.

5. d) Labeling of the thermometer and temperature measuring on-off shall be in accordance with the tile number. bolt shall be secure and the latchdown shall be solid. b) For set swinging of the air cooler. b) For terminal board of the temperature measuring equipment of stator coil.4. Moreover. c) Sliding of the slip ring brush inside the brush carrier shall be flexible and free of blockings.13 Installation of air cooler shall meet the following requirements: a)Before the installation of each single cooler. insulation resistance over the bush shall meet the requirements of No. Generally. b) Direction of spray hole (used to spray water or CO2 gasses) of the fire pipeline shall be correct.6. c) Both upper.5. 9. Weld or connect U according to design requirement. The welding shall be reliable. A 2mm ~ 3mm clearance between the brush carrier and the surface of the slip ring shall be kept. cooler number and coil slot number.5. it shall only proceed after the indoor building operation is completely finished and the indoor humidity reaches the requirements. if discharge gap exists.2 Special requirements on the installation of tray and cabinet of excitation system . water-pressure resistance test shall be carried out as required by 4. Ohmic value grading tolerance of each resistance thermometer shall not be greater than 1.1Installation of excitation system and device shall be in compliance with the regulations of GB/T7409. after the installation of each thermometer. Spring pressure shall be homogenous.5MW. b) Related electrical test of slip ring shall meet regulations of 14. 9. For bearing that has insulation requirements. Tightness of upper and lower cover plates shall be kept ensured.15 Installation of slip ring shall meet the following requirements: a) Horizontal deviation of the installation of slip ring is generally no greater than 2mm. the temperature measuring equipment shall be checked. Temperature measuring leading wire shall be fixed and reliable. c) Dewing proof measures shall be taken for pipelines inside the units that are likely to generate condensed water. Signal thermometer indication shall be close to the bearing bush temperature in the mean time.3mm ~ 0.3. the insulation resistance of temperature measuring equipment shall not be lower than 0.5% and the grounding insulation shall fit.a) Distance from the air damper and fire pipeline to the stator coil or rotatable parts shall not be shorter than the design size. lower cover plate and upper. c) Before the pressurizing of bearing oil groove. 9.11.14 Installation of temperature measuring equipment of generator shall meet the following requirements: a) Generally. the gap generally ranges at 0. Counterface between brush and slip ring shall not be smaller than 75% of the brush section. 9.6 of Table 35. permissible variation in the direction of height is ±10mm and permissible variation in the circumferential direction is ±6mm. 9. air ventilation method may be adopted to check. lower air damper shall be assembled strictly according to the design requirement. If necessary.6. it shall not be greater than 20% of the design value.6 Installation of excitation system and devices 9.5mm. Check according to different structural shape as required by the manufacturer.

3 Grounding and scraping of thrust bearing pads shall meet the following requirements: .1. The difference of the clearance on both sides shall not exceed 10% of the gap width. opening distance of the arc extinguishing contact terminal shall all meet product requirements and stipulated requirements. the following items shall be checked: The number.1 Examinations over bearing bush and carrier plate shall proceed in compliance with the requirements of Article 9. scrapings are made in two parts: initial scraping and refined scraping. After the normally closed interlock disconnects. Dust filter shall not be choked. c) For bearing adopting pressure oil circulating oil system.1 Grounding and scraping of bearing bush 10. For bearing bush that required to be grounded and scraped on site by the manufacturer. shape. the sequence of movement shall be correct. b) Check the arc extinguishing contact terminal and main contact terminal. and actuation test shall be implemented to make sure the reliability and actuation time meet the product standard. 10. and installation site of arc chute pieces. Length of the shell cover at both ends of longitudinal oil groove at the commissure shall not be shorter than 15mm.2 Grounding and scraping of the pedestal bearing shall meet the following requirements: a) The clearance between bearing bush and shaft neck shall meet the design requirements. joint and ohmic value of shunt resistance. Within the scope of angle of contact.a) Use one time ventilation or enclosed recycle air cooling rectified power cabinet.2. per square centimeter shall have 1~3 contact points. Clearances on both sides are half as large as the crest clearance. Pathway of cooling water of the heat exchanger shall be smooth.1.6. 10.1. the spacing shall meet the design requirements: c) When DM type magnetic blow-out switch is adopted. Cable laying and wiring inside the tray shall meet the requirements of GB50168 and GB50171. b) Angle of contact between the lower part of bearing bush and shaft neck shall meet the design requirements. b)Patching contact terminal of butt connected drawer shall be checked according to design requirement.1 and Article 9. 9. 9. Initial scraping shall take place before the rotor penetrate the stator and refined scraping shall proceed after the alignment of rotor center. but it shall not be larger than 60°. 10 Installation of horizontal hydraulic generator 10. the oil groove size shall meet the design requirements.3 Installation of magnetic blow-out switch a) Examination shall be carried out respectively over the dividing and closing coil of the on-off gearing as well as lock catch mechanism.2.4 Laying and wiring of excitation system cables Length of power cables connecting the excitation transformers and power cabinet shall be identical.6. Movement of normally closed interlock shall be prior to the normally open interlock. Complete uniform contact is required along the bearing bush length.2.

check the horizontal countersurface of bearing pedestal and bearing cover. Per square centimeter shall have 1~3 contact points.1mm/m. 10.5MW. 10. principal axes flange of generator rotor shall be aligned according to the turbine main shaft.1mm. check the grounding insulation ohmic value of bearing pedestal with 1000V megohm meter.4 When padding is needed to adjust the bearing pedestal. the thickness shall be homogenous.2. connection between the oil catch and bearing bush shall install sealing element or be coated with sealing paint as required by manufacturer. b) For thrust bearing pads without adjustment structure. 10.5. For assembling units with turbine and generator set an axle separately. make initial adjustment over the center of the holes of the two bearing. the number of fillers shall not exceed 3.a) Counterface of thrust bearing pads and thrust disc shall reaches 75%.3 and 9.2 Coaxial water turbine and principal axes of generator shall be aligned at one time.2.5 For bearing with insulation requirements. also .2 Installation of bearing pedestal 10.02mm. rotor and/or fitment 10.1 Oil container of the bearing pedestal shall be clean.3 Other than the adjustment of center of bearing hole according to the actual center of water turbine’s fixed parts. which shall not be smaller than 0.4. 10.6 During the preassembling of bearing cover. 10.Partition insulator shall be clean and shall be used by full sheet.3 Installation of stator. b) According to the flexural deflection value of principal axes of rotor. Measure the compression value of bearing pedestal.12. Pad with fillers of identical thickness under the bottom of bearing pedestal. 10. 10. after the installation and connection of all pipelines.2. and in the axial direction it shall not exceed 0.04mm. Kerosene leakage test shall be carried out according to the requirements of Article 4. The concentricity deviation shall not be greater than 0.2.02mm.2. The peripheric width shall be 10mm ~ 15mm greater than that of bearing pedestal.05mm feeler gauge. 10.2 According to the actual center of fixed part of water turbine.3.7 Clearance of each built up edge between the bearing pedestal and foundation plate as well as the installation of wedge plate shall meet the requirements of Article 4.3. No clearance shall exist. Tighten the bolt and then check the counterface with 0.2. Pin bolt and foundation bolt shall be both insulated wrapped. Inclination of the two flange faces shall not be greater than 0. Horizontal deviation of bearing pedestal in the transverse direction generally shall not exceed 0.2mm/m. adjust the rising value of rear bearing pedestal of generator to enable the water turbine flange to connect with the generator flange in parallel aligned. Binding face of the bearing cover. a) Raise and drop the rotor onto the bearing pedestal. Thickness difference for all the tiles in the same unit shall not be greater than 0. The filler shall be able to pass through foundation bolt.2. Their concentricity deviation shall not be greater than 0. . the installation of bearing pedestal shall consider the flexural deflection value of the principal axes and the compression value of bearing pedestal after the rotor is positioned.7 and Article 4. oil conduit shall be fluent.1 Stator and rotor that need to be installed on site shall be in compliance with requirements of relevant clauses in 9. 10.

10. 10. When there is no design requirement. Sealing of the binding face between the end cover and the casings shall meet the design requirements. c) The clearance of air leaves and air ducting devices shall be homogenous. then installation of generator end cover shall proceed.1 After the adjustment of the axial line. c) Swing of coupling flange shall not be larger than 0. The deviation shall not exceed ±20% of the actual average gap width.5mm or is accounted according to half of the thermal expansion extending quantity of the generator shaft.10.1. d) Distance from the air fan to the end face of air ducting shall meet the design requirements.011mm for per meter length and per Celsius degree rise to ensure the rotor can expand freely.4 Checking of each part of the bearing and clearance adjustment 10.3.1.1. Gas cutting and electric welding are forbidden too. . The gap width of each polar shall take the arithmetic mean value of four measured values (each time rotate the rotor by 90°).5 After the connection of principal axes. the distance shall not be smaller than 5mm.2 b).3 a). The difference of gap width of each polar and the gap width shall not exceed ±8% of the average gap width. It is forbidden to use spring ring. fitting of all parts of the end cover is completed.2 Clearance of bearing shall meet the following requirements: a) Crest clearance and side clearance of shaft neck and bearing bush shall meet the requirements of 10. b) Counterface of thrust bearing pads and thrust disc shall meet the requirements of 10.2mm.3.4 Adjustment of the axial center of stator and rotor shall enable the stator to deviate to the rear bearing with reference to rotor. b) Axial clearance at both ends of bearing shells and shaft shoulder shall keep adequate clearance when the rotor runs with the highest temperature rise and the principal axes bulges by 0.0mm ~ 1. d) Swing at the slip ring section shall not be greater than 0. b) End face run-out of the thrust disc shall not be greater than 0.02mm. b) Air fan assembled on site shall be locked and secured and the bolt shall be tightened as required by the manufacturer. the jiggering to examine the swing of each part shall meet the following requirements : a) Swing at each shaft neck shall not be greater than 0. and each fitting clearance meets the requirements.3.4.1mm. free of cracks and other mechanic deflection.03mm.6 Air fan installation a) Surface of the airfan shall be smooth and clean.7After the interior of the generator is cleaned and free from impurities. generally. jigger and check the contact situation.3.3 Air interstice between the stator and rotor shall be homogenous. 10. Generally. The off-set value shall meet the regulations of manufacturer.4.3. 10. the offset value may adopt 1. 10.2 a). 10. which shall meet the following requirements: a) Counterface of principal axes and lower bearing shell shall meet the requirements of 10.

05mm tightening.4.2 For stator of complete circle laminar on site.2 Install magnetic poles according to the requirements of 9. 10.2 Installation of rotor 11. there shall be no clearance between the upper bearing shells and the bearing cover and there shall be 0. installation of stator core shall proceed according to technical document of the manufacturer. Generally it is around 0. check the polar distance of two terminals of magnetic pole.4 Measure roundness of rotor. 11. For stator with inclination and eccentric structure. and there shall be no staggering.5 Installations of lead-out wire of rotor. Difference between each radius of rotor and the average radius shall not be greater ±4% of the air interstice.2.10. adjust the central body level.5 Clearance of sealing ring and axis of rotation shall be in compliance with the regulation of design drawing. for stators that have inclination and eccentric structure. The overall eccentricity of rotor shall be in compliance with the regulations of 9.2. 11 Installation of bulb-type hydraulic generator 11.1 An entire stator shall meet the following requirements: a) Measure the roundness of stator.4 Coupling of bearing shell and casing of bearing shall meet the following requirements: a) For cylindrical bearing bush.13.4.11 and 9.3. stator core stacking and stator winding installation shall proceed as required by 9.3 Installation of principal axes and composition bearing .4.3. which shall meet the requirements of design drawing and technical documents. 11.2mm. After the installation of magnetic pole.4. axial clearance (hob shift axial) of thrust bearing pad is 0. 11.12. interpolar connecting wire and damping ring connecting wire shall proceed according to related requirements of 9.6mm (greater value is adequate for larger axial diameter).1 After the rotor racket is established. After the tightening of bearing cover. b) Measure the concentricity screw-in hole distribution circle of the pipe shaped holder at the downstream side of stator.2. 11.3mm ~ 0.4. 11. deviation of two centers shall not be greater than 1mm. For stators that have no inclination and eccentric structure. Eccentricity of the screw-in hole distribution circle of the pipe shaped holder at the downstream side of stator and inclination angle shall meet the drawing requirements.1mm.7.3 Generally. 11. the contra-aperture clearance of two half shall not be greater than 0. stator cage combination.2. 11.03mm/m. 10. During the installation.1.1. It shall meet the requirements of Article 9. the counterface area of spherical surface and spheric seating shall be 75% of the entire spherical surface and the distribution shall be even.4.4. the lower bearing bush and the bearing pedestal shall contact closely and the carrying surface shall be over 60%. b) For spherical surface bearing bush.2.1 Installation of stator 11. the clearance between the shells and the spheric seating shall meet the requirements of manufacturer.4.3 Install brake hoop according to requirements of 9. which shall not be greater than 0.

11.3.1 After the principal axes are positioned in the erecting yard, adjust the level of
principal axes, which shall not be greater than 0.05mm/m.
11.3.2 Examination of thrust bearing pads in both positive and reverse direction as well
as the grounding and scraping shall meet the requirements of related clauses in 9.2.
11.3.3 After valving carrier plate or thrust ring is fitted into principal axes, check and
measure the built up edge of carrier plate or thrust ring and two sides of the spigot of
principal axes and carrier plate or thrust ring built up edge, no clearance shall exist. Check
with 0.05mm feeler gage, which shall not be able to pass through. Stagger at the commissure
of valving carrier plate working face shall be smaller than 0.02mm. The piece behind shall
not protrude over the previous one along the rotation direction.
11.3.4 Adjust clearance between positive-going thrust bearing pads and carrier plate.
The clearance between positive-going thrust bearing pads and carrier plate shall be within
±0.03mm of the average interstice.
11.3.5 Adjust clearance between the reverse thrust bearing pads and carrier plate,
clearance between each reverse thrust bearing pads and carrier plate shall be within ±0.05mm
of the average clearance.
11.3.6 After the installation of positive and reverse thrust bearing pads and principal
axes, generally, the total clearance between positive and reverse thrust bearing pads and
carrier plate is 0.3mm ~ 0.6mm; if the manufacturer has regulations, adjustment shall be
made as required by the manufacturer, and the total clearance deviation shall not exceed
0.1mm.
11.3.7 Installation of radial bearing shall meet the following requirements:
a) Check the radial bearing bush according to requirements of 5.6.1 a). If grounding and
scraping are required, requirements of Article 10.1.2 shall be met.
b) Clearance between bearing bush and shaft neck shall meet design requirements of
manufacturer;
c) Spherical surface supported radial bearing, clearance between spherical surface and
shell bearing, shell bearing spherical surface and spheric seating shall meet the design
requirements of manufacturer.
11.3.8 Clearance of end face sealing of composite bearing shall be adjusted according to
design requirement.
11.4 Generator installation
11.4.1 Installation of principal axes and composite bearing shall meet the following
requirements:
a) After the position of axial line is determined, adjust the bracket centre of bearing. The
clearance between the bearing support and radial bearing spheric seating shall meet the
design requirements:
b) Total clearance between the positive carrier plate and reverse thrust bearing pads
shall meet requirements of Article 11.3.6. Radial bearing clearance shall meet the design
requirements;
c) Insulation for oil receiver or bearing shall meet the requirements of Article 10.2.5.
11.4.2 Installation and adjustment of the high pressure oil lift device of radial bearing
shall proceed as required by Article 9.5.8.

11.4.3 After the connection of principal axes and rotor, jigger to check the swing of each
part, which shall meet the following requirements:
a) Swing of each shaft neck shall be smaller than 0.03mm;
b) Ending beat of carrier plate shall not be greater than 0.05mm;
c) Swing of coupling flange shall not be greater than 0.10mm;
d) Swing of the slip ring shall not be greater than 0.20mm.
11.4.4 During the stator installation, clear the built up edge of stator and tubiform
seating. settle sealing pad base according to the design requirements. Adjust the air interstice
between the stator and rotor and the difference between each clearance and average clearance
shall not exceed ±8% of the average interstice.
11.4.5 Take longitudinal center line between the turbine runner and runner chamber as
the reference. Adjust the axial magnetic centre between the stator and rotor. When the stator
core length is shorter than 1.5m, the magnetic centre deviation of stator and rotor shall be
smaller than ±1mm; when the stator core length is longer than 1.5m, the magnetic centre
deviation of stator and rotor shall be smaller than ±2mm.
11.4.6 During the installation of socket pin and cooling cone, clean the built up edge
between socket pin, cooling cone and stator carefully. Install sealing packing in strict
compliance with the design requirements. If the socket pin needs to be welded, rigid process
measures shall be adopted to ensure the weld quality.
11.4.7 Installation of supporting structure shall proceed according to manufacturer's
requirements on different structural shapes. Measure and record the subsidence value of
upstream side of the stator due to the weight of bulb.
11.4.8 Setup, installation and test of high-pressure oil, lubricating oil system, cooling
water system, ventilation system and brake line shall proceed according to related technical
requirements of Chapter 9.
11.4.9 Radial and axial clearance of windshield and the rotating part shall meet the
design requirements. The deviation shall not be greater than 20% of the design value.
11.4.10 All sealing elements shall be installed according to the requirements of
manufacturer. After the completion of the installation, all the built up edges shall take
tightness compression test as required by the manufacturer.

12 Installation of pipeline and fitments
12.1 Fabrication of pipe fittings and fitments of pipeline
12.1.1 Bending radius of pipe shall not be shorter than 3.5 times of the pipe diameter
during hot bending and no shorter than 4 times of the pipe diameter during cold bending of
the pipe. When the hot bending is carried out by pipe bender, it shall not be shorter than 1.5
times of the pipe diameter.
12.1.2 During the heating of bending pipeline, the heating shall be homogeneous and the
temperature shall rise slowly. Generally, the heating-up frequency shall not exceed 3 times.
In general, temperature for the hot bending of pipe and heat treatment condition shall proceed
according to the regulations of Table 36.
Table 36 Temperature and heat treatment conditions for hot bending of pipe in
common use

Materials

Steel grade

Carbon steel

10, 20

Stainless steel

1Cr18Ni9Ti

Non-ferrous
metal copper

Copper
Metallic
copper alloy

Hot bending Heat treatment conditions
temperature
Heat treatment Constant
span ℃
temperature
temperature
hour
750~1050
Without
Without
treatment
treatment
900~1200
(1050~1100)℃ 0.8min per
quenching
millimeter
wall
500~600
Without treatment
600~700

Cooling
method
Without
treatment
Water
quenching

12.1.3 During the bending of slit tube, position of its longitudinal seam shall be located
at 45° point from the horizontal and perpendicular direction.
12.1.4 After the bending of the tube, the quality shall meet the following requirements:
a) Flawless, free from lamination and being overburnt, etc..
b) Diameter difference between the maximal pipe cross-section and the minimum
cross-section shall not exceed 8% of the pipe diameter.
c) Bending angle shall be in compliance with shaping plate.
d) Generally, height of fold of rippling inside the elbow shall not be greater than 3% of
the pipe diameter. Wave spacing shall not be shorter than four times the height of ripplings.
e) After the plying of annular tube, preassembling shall proceed. Generally, the radius
deviation shall not be greater than 2% of the design value. The pipe shall be at the same level
and the deviation shall not be greater than 40mm.
12.1.5 Incision quality of the pipe shall meet the following requirements:
a) Cut surface shall level off. Generally, partial convexo-concave shall not be greater
than 3mm.
b) Generally, vertical misalignment for the pipe end incision plane and the center line
shall not be greater than 2% of the external diameter of the pipe and shall not be greater than
3mm.
12.1.6 Generally, W-shape expansion joint is annealed with a pipe and shall be kept on
the same plane.
12.1.7 Generally, curvature radius of welded elbow shall not be shorter than 1.5 times of
the pipe diameter; the number of 90° elbow bend segments shall be at least 4. After the
welding, the axis angle of elbow bend shall be in compliance with the shaping plate.
12.1.8 Vertical misalignment of the branch pipe to weld T-joint generally shall not be
greater than 2% of its height.
12.1.9 For the fabrication of the conical tube, generally, the length shall not be shorter
than 3 times the difference of the exterior diameters of two tubes. The diameter and
roundness shall meet the design requirements. The deviation shall not exceed ±1% of the
design diameter and shall not exceed ±2mm.

e) The welding shall adopt proper welding methods and welding order. but at the most it shall not exceed 2mm. crack resistance of soldered joint. d) When contra-aperture welding of stainless steel tube is precoated with argon arc welding. I type groove shall be adopted and the contra-aperture clearance is 1mm ~ 2mm.2.2. beveled edge lapping or labyrinth halving joint shall be adopted.2. The inner diameter is permitted to be 2mm ~ 3mm larger and outer diameter is permitted to be 1. supporting structure and hanger shall be drilled by machine.10 The fabrication form. adopt undercurrent. the inside of welded joint shall be filled with argon gas or other protective gases or other measures shall be adopted to prevent the inner side weld metal from being oxidized.2. with the guarantee that through welding and fusion are in good conditions. Generally. size and precision shall meet the regulations of design drawing. 12.3Contra-aperture welding of copper pipe and welding of copper pipe and carbon steel pipe joints shall adopt faucet insertion welding. When concatenation is needed for large caliber gasket.5mm shorter. During the arc ending. the arc crater shall be filled in.2.12. the gasket material shall be adopted according to the media and pressure of the pipe-line transportation. material quality. Contra-aperture misalignment of pipe shall not exceed 20% of the wall thickness.1. c) Generating the arc and testing current on the parent metal surface other than the groove. when wall thickness is greater than 4mm.11 During the fabrication of flange gasket. 12. fast welding and multilayer multi-pass welding process and the temperature between layers shall be controlled. Holes on the branch.5 Weld quality examination . welding material and welding process shall be identical with that adopted in root layer. and its welding process shall have a high performance. 12. Tack weld length.5mm ~ 2. thickness and spacing shall ensure that welded joint will not crack in the welding process. contra-aperture clearance and truncated edge shall both be 0mm ~ 2mm. b) During the tack weld. welding technology of argon arc welding bottom closing and arc welding capping shall be adopted. It must not be flush-jointed welded.2 For contra-aperture welding of steel tube of oil and gas system as well as water system that has special purpose.4 Technological requirements of pipeline welding a) Adoption of welding rod shall be determined according to the chemical composition and mechanical property of parent metal. 12. full argon arc welding should be adopted. 12. During the welding process. The gasket shall be chopped into an entire circle to avoid interfacing. Interlayer joint of multi-layer welding shall be staggered. when the wall thickness shall not be larger than 4mm.1 Proper groove type and size shall be adopted for pipe coupling according to the pipe wall thickness. f) Within the specified scope of welding operation guide book. and parent metal damage from arcking shall be prevented. adopt 70° angle V-groove. Gasket size shall match the packing strip. For butt welding of the pipe with outer diameter D≤50mm . 12. working conditions and execution conditions. short arcking.2 Pipeline welding 12. quality of arc starting and arc ending shall be guaranteed.1.

a) Reinforcement height of weld surface is 1mm ~ 2mm; cover surface width for I type
groove is 5mm ~ 6mm and for V-groove it shall be 2mm broader than each groove.
b) Weld surface shall be free of crack, slag inclusion and air cavity, etc.. undercut depth
shall be shorter than 0.5mm; length shall not exceed 10% of the welded joint length and shall
be shorter than 100mm;
c) Other than the conduit for natural flow discharge agent, the welded joint of pipe shall
all be checked in the intensity pressure test with water as the medium and no leakage and/or
seaminess shall happen.
Intensity pressure test shall proceed according to Article 4.11.
d) For conduit butt weld with nominal operating pressure greater than 8MPa, except that
intensity pressure test with water as media, sampling inspection of radiographic inspection
shall also proceed. Casual inspection proportion and quality grade meet the design
requirements. When there is no requirement, the casual inspection proportion shall not be
lower than 5% and the quality shall not be lower than Grade III.
12.3 Installation of pipeline
12.3.1 During the pipe laying, position of weld shall meet the following regulations:
a) Spacing between two circumferential seams of the ascending pipe shall not be shorter
than 100mm, and shall be twice longer than the outer diameter of pipe;
b) Distance from the butt weld to the bend starting point shall not be shorter than
100mm and shall not be shorter than the outer diameter of pipe;
c) Clear distance from circumferential weld to the support and hanger shall not be
shorter than 50mm. Pipeline drilling through partition wall and floor slab shall have no weld
junction in the partition wall and floor slab; d) No pore shall be opened on the pipeline
welded joint. If the pore must be drilled, the welded joint shall be examined to be qualified in
the non-destructive test.
12.3.2 Check the flatness of contra-aperture of pipe, if measuring at the point 200mm
from interfacing centre, the Permissible deviation is 1mm; the permissible variation of the
overall length shall not exceed 10mm.
12.3.3 Entombment of pipeline shall meet the following regulations:
a) Deviation of the exit position of pipeline shall not be greater than 10mm. Protrusion
of nozzle out of concrete surface shall not be shorter than 300mm in general. Distance from
the pipe to the concrete wall shall not be shorter than the installation dimension of flange in
general, and the nozzle shall be credibly blocked off.
b) Screw thread and flange are not suitable to be adopted in the connection of pipeline;
c) Pressure sensing tube shall have as few turns as possible. The curvature radius shall
be large. Evacuation shall also be taken into account. Pressure tapping hole shall meet the
design requirements:
d) Drainage pipeline and oil exit pipeline have corresponding gradient with the flow
direction. The gradient shall meet the design requirements.
IF there is no design requirement, generally, the construction shall proceed according to
2%~3% gradient;
e) Generally, the oil-piping adopts the method of burning tube casing;
f) When the pipeline passes through expansion joint of concrete, the passing measures
shall meet the design requirements.

12.3.4 Installation site of exposed pipe shall meet the following regulations:
a) Generally, deviation of pipe installation position (co-ordinate and height mark) shall
not be greater than 15mm outdoor and no greater than 10mm indoor;
b) Generally, the flection and horizontal deviation of horizontal pipe shall be within
0.15% and shall not be longer than 20mm. Squareness deviation of the riser shall not exceed
0.2% and shall not exceed 15mm;
c) Installation of racking pipe shall be at the same level. Deviation shall be within 5mm.
Pipe spacing deviation between pipes shall be within 0mm ~ +5mm;
d) Gradient of gravity drain pipe and oil exit pipe shall be identical with the direction of
liquid stream. Generally, the gradient shall range at 0.2%~ 0.3%.
12.3.5 Flanged connection shall meet the following regulations:
a) Packing strip and/or packing plate shall not have flaws that affect the sealing property.
As for gasket thickness, except that rubber plate for low-pressure water pipe is allowed to be
as thick as 4mm, generally, the thickness is 1mm ~ 2mm and the gasket shall not exceed two
layers.
b) After the screw-in of flanges, they shall parallel. The deviation shall be within 1.5 /
1000 of the outer diameter of flange and no greater than 2mm. Specification, dimension, and
installation direction of binding bolts shall be identical. The packing force of bolt shall be
homogeneous. The bolt shall be higher than the screw cap by 2~3 screw-pitches.
c) During the welding of pipe and flat flange, inside and outside welding shall be
adopted. The inside weld shall not tower above flange working face. After the welding, all
flange and pipe shall be perpendicular. Generally, the deviation shall be within 1%.
d) No flange shall be set up at the elbow bend of pressure piping;
e) Branch pipe welded on the main pipe shall have reinforcement flange or other
reinforcement measures over the part running through the main pipe.
12.3.6 Oil system pipeline shall not adopt welded elbow. When hot pressing elbow bend
is adopted, the wall thickness of elbow bend shall not be thinner than wall thickness of
ascending pipe.
12.3.7 Distance from the installation site of clamped-in style and cutting sleeve pipe
heads to the supporter and hanger shall meet the design requirements.
12.3.8 For pipeline with cutting sleeve pipe head, material quality, roundness, deviation
of outer diameter of the pipe as well as the length of the protruded cutting sleeve shall meet
the design requirements. After the fastening of compression nut, the top of the pipe shall not
touch the union body. Central deviation of the interlocking nozzle of double jointer shall not
be bigger than 2% of the pipe diameter.
12.3.9 Sealing materials of gas thread joints should adopt teflin tape or sealant. When
the screw thread is screwed down, sealing materials cannot be squeezed into the pipe.
12.3.10Before the installation of pipe, pipe fittings and valve, the interior of the pipe
shall be cleaned up. During the installation, impurities shall be ensured not to fall in.
12.3.11 During the installation of pipeline, fixing and adjustment of supporting structure
and hanger shall timely proceed. Position of supporting structure and hanger shall be correct.
The installation shall be neat and solid, and contact with the pipe shall be in good condition.

12.3.12 As for materials used for the heat insulation of pipeline, the intensity, unit
weight, coefficient of heat conductivity, resistance to heat, water content and specification of
species shall all meet the design requirements.
12.4 Treatment of the inner wall of pipeline
12.4.1 Before the installation of oil system conduit and speed regulating system conduit,
the inwalls may be pickled, neutralized and immunized.
When there is no design requirement, Annex D shall be referred to.
12.4.2 Before the use of oil system, water system, gas system and speed regulating
system, the inwalls shall be rinsed and checked according to the design requirements and
standard.
When there is no design requirement, Annex D shall be referred to.
12.5 Test of the conduit and pipe fittings
12.5.1 Bearing vessels machined at the construction site and pipe fittings with working
pressure as 1MPa or above, intensity compression test shall be carried out according to
requirements of Article 4.11
Atmospheric vessel machined at the construction site by themselves shall take leakage
test as required by Article 4.12.
12.5.2 For valve with working pressure as 1MPa or higher, or valves of important parts
under 1MPa shall take tightness compression test as required by Article 4.11.
12.5.3 Before concrete placement, the built-in pressure piping and pipe fittings shall
take tightness compression test as required by Article 4.11.
12.5.4 After the installation of conduits of oil, water and gas system, generally, oil
charge test, water passage or ventilation test shall be carried out. During the test, the pressure
is gradually raised to nominal operating pressure, no leakage phenomena shall happen.

13 Installation of butterfly valve and ball valve
13.1 Installation of butterfly valve
13.1.1 Before the installation, the tightness of butterfly valve shall be checked. For
inflatable type rubber sealing, leakage test shall be carried out in water with the pressed-in
compressed air pressure as 0.05Mpa, there shall be no leakage. solid core rubber sealing and
metallic sealing shall be checked according to design requirement.
13.1.2 Butterfly valves that need to be decompounded, cleared and packaged on site,
after the installation, they shall meet the following requirements : a) Bearing clearance shall
meet the design requirements and no leakage is permitted at the bearing sealing section.
b) Clearance between each built up edge shall meet the requirements of Article 4.7;
double ends of the rubber packing of the valve body’s valving built up edge shall protrude
the packing groove undersurface of upper and lower flange of the valve body by 1mm ~
2mm.
13.1.3 After the installation of valve body and faucet, the following requirements shall
be met:
a) Before the sealing, check the clearance between faucet and the valve body is
homogeneous at the closing position. The deviation shall not exceed 20% of the actual
average gap width;

For butterfly valve with diameter longer than 4m.2 Installation of ball valve 13. measuring after the flange welding.1. seal clearance shall meet the design requirements. 13. Check with 0. deviation of the horizontal central line (at the upper and downstream position) to the design center) and the design central line shall not be longer than 10mm.5mm / m. central line along the direction of flow shall be determined according to the actual center of spiral casing and steel tube. Generally. solid core rubber seal and metallic seal shall have no clearance with the valve body. the following examinations shall be carried out: a) Deviation for the opening of the valve ring of butterfly valve shall not be greater than ±1° when it is in fully open position. c) Check up the mechanical caging. its deviation from the design position shall not be longer than 3mm.05mm feeler gauge. .1.5 After the installation of butterfly. after the assembling.1. cleaned and packaged on site. the deviation shall not be greater than 0.1 For ball valve that needs to be disassembled. the rubber seal shall have zero clearance. deviation for the level and squareness of butterfly valve shall not be greater than 1mm / m. its actual stroke shall not be smaller than 80% of the design value and its action shall be flexible. The deviation shall not exceed ±20% of the design gap width. c) To facilitate the butterfly valve to move towards the telescopic joint direction during the overhauling. c) At the faucet closing position . hydraulic locking as well as validity of position switch. Generally. b) During the installation of butterfly valve. and it shall not pass through. 13. enough space shall be kept between the foundation bolt and screw. the test may be carried out under actual hydraulic pressure and the water leakage which is converted into that under maximal hydrostatic pressure shall meet the design requirements.b) At the closing position of faucet.2. 13. The value shall not be shorter than the diameter of rubber packing between flanges. Otherwise. when the inflatable type rubber seal is under the unaerated state. Adjust the tightness to make it meet the design requirement. sustain for 30min. When there is no means to carry out the test under maximal hydrostatic pressure. Generally. Under working pressure. other than the regulations of 13. it shall also meet the following requirements: a) Sealing surface of the working closure and overhauling closure shall be rigorous. the surface shall be grounded and scraped.2.4 Deviation for the installation site of butterfly valve shall meet the following requirements: a) The length of steel penstock on the upper or downstream side of butterfly valve or spiral casing nozzle protruded out of the concrete wall surface shall guarantee adequate operating space for the installation and welding of fittings. b) Carry out proof test over the butterfly valve under the maximal hydrostatic pressure. and the water leakage shall not exceed the designed allowable value. b) Stroke and conjugation size of sealing ring shall meet the design requirements.

check according to the requirements of 5. it shall be able to close automatically and shall have no water leakage. Enough clearance shall be kept between the faucet with the fixed part.3.4 After the welding of adjuster of steel pipe and bellows. When spiral casing is free of water inside.3.5 b).2 Other than related requirements of 5. its level or squareness deviation shall . which shall all meet the design requirements. 13.2 Rotary motion of the ball valve faucet shall be flexible.2. 13.3.8 a) and b).1. After the welding.1 clearance between the internal and external casings of padding type flexible connector shall be adjusted homogeneous.8. 13.5. 13. hand brake and by-pass elbow are connected together.11.2. 13.1. 13. check the bellows piece according to the design requirement.5. Sealing surface of the air valve shall take kerosene leakage test according to Article 4.3. which shall meet the requirements of 13.5.3 Before the installation of bellows-type flexible connector.4.12.2 By-pass pipe shall have a semi-isolated section designed. shrinkage of welding seam shall be taken into account.4 Carry out proof test on ball valve. check the distance of installing and welding bellows pieces.1. 13.1 Action of hydraulic control valve shall be flexible. 13. installation of the servomotor of valve shall also meet the following requirements: a) Installation of the foundation plate and pedestal of wobble servomotor shall be determined according to the actual position of joint pin hole of oscillating arm when the faucet is in complete shutdown position.2 Stretching space for padding type flexible connector shall meet the design requirements. Generally the deviation shall not exceed30% of the design stretching value. During the welding of adjuster of steel pipe. in a fully open position.1 Installation of the oil pumping plant of operating system shall meet the related requirements in 8.4. the roundness of nozzle at both sides and staggering. No choking or blocking shall take place.5 Installation of operating mechanism 13.1. Generally the clearance shall not be smaller than 2mm.13. check the stretching space of flexible connector. after the water is filled. 13. The Permissible deviation for the width of packing groove shall not be greater than the gap width of sealing cover and external casing.2.4 The installation of hydraulic control valve and air valve 13.3 Installation of flexible connector 13. carry out the non-destructive test on welding seam according to design requirement.3 Permissible deviation for the installation site of ball valve shall meet relevant regulations of Article 13. After the servomotor installation.1 ~ 8. 13.4. After the welding of adjuster of steel pipe. when hydraulic control valve.3 The action of the air valve shall be exact. 13.4. The closure shall be in good condition and the stroke shall meet the design requirements and no oil leakage shall happen. When there is no regulation. position deviation of the foundation plate shall not be greater than 3mm.4.1. tightness compression test shall be carried out according to requirements of 4. Maximal clearance between the sealing ring and lock ring shall not be smaller than the actual stroke of sealing cover.

5UN+2.75UN+2. After setting-in of Strip type 2. Alternate current voltage withstand test shall proceed according to test standards required in Table 37. carry out the alternate current voltage withstand test according to the standard of Table 37 . kV Winding type Test stages 2≤UN≤6. b) Circular arc type servomotor shall adjust its caging device to ensure the deviation is smaller than 1.1 Before the setting-in of stator coil onsite. heavy punch closedown test shall be carried out when the steel penstock is under anhydrous or still water conditions. 13.75UN+1.75UN+2.5 setting-in(after slot wedge is drilled) 1.5.5.2 During the installation process of stator coil. Record the closing time. After 2.5UN+2. If unqualified coil bar is discovered during spot test. 2.5 2. Before the setting-in. When the elevation is over 1000. corona prevention measures shall be taken again. In the discharge inception test of a single coil bar.5UN+1. the corona starting voltage shall not be lower than 1. 14 Electrical test of water-turbine generator set 14. 14. Table 37 Standards for alternate current withstand voltage in the technical process of stator coil (kV) Nominal voltage.5UN+0. Carry out the Insulation resistance test with 2500V megohmmeter.3 Under the condition that steel penstock is anhydrous. b.0 lower coil 2.0 2. Record the oil pressure value and switching time. The discrepancy in elevation for the pedestal shall not exceed ±1.5UN+0. 2.0 3.5 2. which shall meet the design requirements.5mm and the axis pin joint shall be flexible. When the value is lower than this. which shall not be lower than 5000MW. Before the setting-in.3 6.not be greater than 1mm / m. Test contents are as follows: a.75UN+1.5mm when the valve is in fully open or complete shutdown position. 13.5 2.5UN.5 Circle type 2. The operation shall be stable. carry out sampling test over single coil bar.0 2. The spot test rate shall be 5% of the entire quantity of coil bars in each case. operate faucet and by-pass valve with oil pressure unit. the trial value of corona starting voltage shall be amended according to JB / T8439: c.4 For valve gate with closedown heavy punch.3≤UN≤24 Test standard 1.5UN+1. then raise the odd test rate of the box of coil bars correspondingly. After the setting-in of upper coil (after .0 2.

(1) Testing voltage is 3. 14. read the leakage measurement of difference of each phase of current value (3) If (2) and (3) are leakage current leakage current shall not be not met. The duration after the kV is raised to the nominal testing voltage. Item Standard Note Alternate current withstand voltage In compliance with the 1 of each single requirements of Table 37 stator coil (1) Insulation value. if not specified specially. Table 38 Test items and standards of stator No.3 Test item and standard of stator shall meet the requirements of Table 38. carry out voltage test of stator alternate current voltage withstand test according to this . at each phase. the line voltage. try to find out the reason greater than 50% of the and fix it. minimum value Alternate current (1) For stator that is Before the suspension of nominal 5 voltage withstand delivered integrated. difference of the temperature After the alignment caused between the winding surface and Measure the by the deviation due to the the ambient air temperature shall ohmic resistance length difference of leading not be greater than 3K (2) When for each phase and 3 wire and the odds between decompression is adopted. it is carried out times nominal voltage value under cold state (2)The testing Direct current (2) leakage current shall not voltage increases by grade. nominal current (3) Find out the reason if the standard specification is not met. Measure the absorption ratio or insulation polarization index shall be in resistance and compliance with regulations Use 2500V megohmmeter or 2 absorption ratio or of 9.3.18 (2) Unbalance above polarization index factor of insulation of the stator resistance in each phase winding shall not be greater than 2 (1) Measure in cold state. it shall all be 1min. voltage withstand increase with the extension increasing each grade is 0. let each branch of the each other shall not be electric current in.0 (1)Generally.slot wedge is drilled) Note: UN is the nominal line voltage of electric generator. which shall not ohmic resistance greater than 2% of the be greater than 20% of the of stator winding minimal value.5 times test of stator of time (3) Under the nominal voltage and sustain 1min 4 winding and regulated testing voltage.

the corona inception test voltage shall be modified according to JB8439. the head end shall have no overt golden yellow light spots and continuous corona belt. 6 Magnetic examination of stator iron core Magnetic flux density shall be converted according to 1T. During the voltage is 20kV or lower. When the elevation exceeds 1000m. the temperature measurement resistance inside the stator winding with short-circuit (3) Before the voltage endurance. attention shall be paid on the alignment of deviation generated by the maldistribution of flux density.winding withstand test voltage of the standard.8 increases. Appropriate time of the complete machine for the process is about 10s ~ 15s shall not be lower than 10 times the nominal line (2) Before test. when the nominal proceed by phase. . ground connect all voltage. (1) Maximum temperature rise of iron core shall not exceed 25°C. (2) Temperature difference between iron core and sub-frame shall be in (1) Stator stacked on the construction site shall take this test. the voltage increase. Direct current voltage withstand test shall be carried out first. Before the voltage stator winding shall be 0. under nominal line voltage. (1) Alternate current (2) For stator assembled voltage withstand test shall onsite. The time duration is 90min. Stator stacked in the manufacturer may not take this test (2) When test is carried out on hydraulic generator stator with a greater diameter. out any more. must measure insulation resistance and polarization index. alternate current voltage times of the factory routine withstand test shall not be carried test voltage. (4) During the voltage withstand. the starting testing voltage shall be twice voltage shall not exceed 1/3 of the the nominal line voltage plus testing voltage generally. and then 3kV gradually raise it to the testing (3) Corona starting voltage voltage value. Maximal temperature difference between each other shall not exceed 15k.

(3) Iron-loss per unit weight shall be in compliance with the regulations of manufacturer (4) Stator core has no abnormal conditions. 2500v megohmmeter Measure the insulation 0. V 14. leading wire and brush carrier 10Uf+1000. 1000V megohmmeter shall be adopted. leading wire and brush carrier shall all take voltage withstand test and insulation resistance test according to regulations in Table 39. but shall ≥5 polar suspension and not be lower than installation. of the nominal current. 3000 After the suspension 10Uf+1000. 1 2 3 Table 40 Test item and standard of rotor winding Item Standard Notes (1) When nominal voltage of rotor winding is greater than Generally.5MΩ . but shall ≥5 not be lower than 3000 Note: Uf refers to the nominal excitation voltage of generator rotor. but shall and installation not be lower than 2500 Slip ring.4 For rotor assembled on site. leading wire and brush carrier Name of components Voltage withstand Insulation standard(V) resistance. MΩ Each single magnetic Before the 10Uf+1500. Measure the ohmic Compare with each other and The inlet electric current resistance of each the odds shall not be greater shall not be greater than 20% single polar than 2%. its single pole and slip ring.compliance with the regulations of manufacturer. slip ring. it is not lower than 200V. Measure the ohmic Compare the measured value The measurement shall . 14. No. resistance of rotor (2) When nominal voltage of winding rotor winding is below 200V.5 Test item and standard of rotor winding shall meet the requirements of Table 40. shall be adopted. Table 39 Voltage standard and insulation resistance of each single pole.

when the nominal no alternate current voltage excitation voltage >500. generally.4 Relay protection. (1)For rotor arrived with a (1) Field-installed rotor shall solid body. For assembling unit that needs to take type approval test. 15 Trial run of water-turbine generator set 15. the test contents and items shall be regulated in a particular technical agreement.3 Water transfer and anchor gate as well as valve of water sewage system (including sewage regulating room) shall be tested to be qualified and in a state of closing position. it shall be 10Uf. it withstand test will be carried shall be 2Uf+4000V out again. Measure the Before and after the Compare with each other.0 times the nominal all the packages are finished excitation voltage and shall before it is suspended into not be lower than 1200V. 1500V. autocontrol.2 For assembling unit and related auxiliary equipment. single pole coil. electric generator. Manhole and choke plug shall all be blocked off reliably. Water turbine. 15.1. Note: Uf refers to the nominal excitation voltage of generator rotor. the test voltage be tested shall proceed after shall be 8.1Before the trial. . excitation system and the related appurtenance system. Difference between the surface temperature of winding and ambient temperature shall not be greater than 3K. measuring instrument of water-turbine generator set and related electric installation of assembling units shall all be tested and qualified according to corresponding regulations and norm.1. carried out respectively. establish trial run program or outline of the assembling unit and test check items and safety precautions according to the regulations of DL / T507. an overall liquidating and checking shall be carried out. unit pit Alternate current (2) For field-installed rotor. 15. The installation quality shall be eligible and accepted. speed regulating system.resistance of rotor winding 4 5 with the value converted from the ex-factory evaluation under the same temperature. alternating-current suspension and assembling. V. proceed under cold state. DL/ T827.1 General specifications 15.1. there shall be no overt impedance of each the measurements shall be difference. before the voltage increase of but it shall not be lower than assembling unit. GB/ T18482 and normative provisions of this standard and by combining the physical circumstances of power station. must be in a state that can be triggered at any moment. (2) After the rotor is voltage withstand test when nominal excitation suspended into the unit pit or of rotor winding voltage ≤500. 15.1.

07 0.03 . f) Measure the residual pressure and phase sequence of electric generator and the phase sequence shall be correct. Check each part and no abnormal phenomena shall emerge. Operate till the temperature is stabilized and the steady temperature shall not exceed design set value. Oil groove shall have no splashing of oil. 15. b) Measure and record the water level of upper and lower stream as well as the no-load opening of unit under this water head. Table 41 Allowable vibration value of water-turbine generator set for each part Unit as millimeter Nominal speed n (r/min) Unit type Vertical type unit Item Water turbine n<100 100 ≤n<250 250≤n<375 375≤n<750 Horizontal vibration of top cover 0. Monitor the bearing temperature of each part and there shall be no rapid increase. draft pipe and spiral casing to equalize the pressure.Safety measures for related assembling units shall all be set to ensure the safe operation of assembling units.4 Examine and debug units spiral casing water catchment system and draft pipe water catchment system. 15. Hydraulic pressure and flow rate of each part of the technical water supply system of the unit shall be normal.2. c) Observe bearing oil surface.2.09 0.1 Fill water into tail water surge-chamber.2 Water filling test of assembling unit 15. 15.03 Vertical vibration 0.2 Fill water into the water diversion system and water carriage system in stages according to design requirements.3. monitor each part and there shall be no abnormal phenomena. g) Clean slip ring surface.06 0.09 0. which shall be in normal position. proceed the manual and automatic actuation tests of water inlet bulkhead gate or work gate or butterfly valve.3 Zero load trial run of unit 15.1 Operational check of unit mechanism: a) During the start-up process of unit. 15. ball valve and cylindrical valve.05 0.2. The start-stop time shall meet the design requirements. dynamic balancing test shall be carried out. which shall work in good condition. and no abnormal phenomena shall happen.2. Monitor and check the variation conditions of each part. d) Measure the operation swing (double amplitude) of unit and the value shall not be bigger than 75% of the total clearance of bearing. e) Measure the vibration of unit and measured value shall not exceed the regulations of Table 41. If the vibration of unit exceeds the set value in Table 41.11 0. 15.3After equalizing the pressure.

03 double-amplitude value) Horizon Vertical vibration of the bearing 0.10 Note: Vibration value refers to the double-amplitude value under all kinds of stable operation behaviors except for overspeed operation 15.12 0. exert normal speed ±8% phase step disturbing signal.03 0.03 0. Time of regulation from the disturbance to the specified rotation speed shall meet the design value.3. the relative oscillating quantity of rotation rate shall not exceed ±0.2% of the nominal value. which shall not exceed ±0.10 bearing unit Radial vibration of bulb holder 0. e) With the selected parameter. Record transition process of rotation rate and servomotor stroke of unit. check the rotational oscillating value within 3min.12 0. 15.2 Adjustment and test of speed regulator: a) Check vibration of plunger of electro-hydraulic converter or electro-hydraulic servo valve. b) When the unit is operated manually.11 0. d) Zero load disturbance test of speed regulator: During the automatic run of unit under no load condition. Adopt the average of three measured values. The actuation shall be normal.09 0. which shall be normal.11 0.03 0.03 0. Select a group of controlling parameter for the unit's application of no-load operation.05 tal unit in each part Axial vibration of thrust bracket 0.04 0.08 Bulb Radial vibration of each guide turbine 0. during the automatic run of unit under no load condition. Servomotor shall have no overt swing.3.02 sub-frame in stator core position Vibration of stator core (100HZ 0.of top cover Vertical vibration of bracket with 0.07 0.08 0. and the overshooting frequency shall not exceed twice.05 0.09 0.10 0.07 0. c) speed regulator shall take manual and automatic switchover test.04 thrust bearing Horizontal vibration of 0.07 0.02 0.05 bracket with guide bearing Hydraulic Horizontal generator vibration of 0. The maximal overshooting of rotation rate shall not exceed 30% of the disturbance quantity of rotation rate.3The following items shall be checked during the closedown process and after .15% of the nominal rotation value.

15. Check the actuation conditions of unit. the following items shall be checked: a) Electric current of the electric generator shall rise step by step. e) Check the inside of unit after overspeed test. d) Pull-on value of setting overspeed protective device. c) When the rotation speed of unit drops to the specified actuation rotation speed. actuation of the speed regulator and each automatic component shall be normal.3. the following items shall be checked: a) Record the relation curve of rotation rate and time from sending out closedown impulse the time the unit rotation speed drops to zero.3. c) Oil groove shall have no splashing of oil. the actuation of tachometric relay shall be normal.closedown: a) Record the closedown rotation rate and time relation curve. a) Record the relation curve of rotation rate and time from sending out starting up impulse to normal speed.3. c) Under nominal current of generator. Record the demagnetization oscillogram of electric generator and calculate the time constant. The secondary circuit of each electric current shall not open circuit. d) Check each part of unit after closedown. b) Check the actuation and oil pressure of high pressure oil lift device of thrust bearing.3. service condition and electrical measurements meter display of each protective relay device shall be correct.6 In case of automatic shutdown of unit.4 Overspeed test of the unit shall proceed according to the designed setting value of overspeed protective device and the following items shall be checked: a) Measure the swing and vibration value of each part. . the following items shall be checked. 15. b) Check the actuation of tachometric relay. d) During the closedown process. b) Record the short-circuit characteristic curve of electric generator. 15.3. The connection. trip off field breaking switch and the demagnetization shall be normal. d) Carry out the difference adjustment polar examination of excitation device CT and manual tune-up test of rotor current. the high pressure oil lift device of bearing shall be able to plunge automatically. which shall be normal. no abnormal phenomena shall exist. 15.5 For automatic starting of unit. phase sequence and meter display of voltage transformer shall all be correct. c) Monitor the bearing temperature of each part. b) Monitor and record bearing temperature of each part.7 In case of steady-state short-circuit current rise of electric generator. Each part of the unit shall have no abnormal phenomena. c) Starting up procedure of unit and the actuation of automation component shall be normal.8 Voltage build-up test of electric generator shall meet the following requirements: a) Rise the voltage to nominal voltage in stages and the electrification of electric generator and generator voltage equipment shall all be normal: b) voltage. 15. b) When the unit rotation speed drops to the specified rotation speed.

d) Change the rotation rate of unit and measure the terminal voltage variance of electric generator. measure the maximum voltage of generator stator. pop out field breaking switch and the demagnetization conditions shall be normal. Work out the time constant: d) Measure voltage of generator shaft in nominal voltage. record the no-load characteristic of electric generator. Regulate upper and lower limit. which shall meet the design requirements: c) Check the excitation regulator plunge. thyristor excitation shall check the flow equalization coefficient and voltage-sharing coefficient of bridge rectifier and the value shall meet the design requirements. the regulating system of automatic excitation shall guarantee that the generator voltage variation is within ±0. For electric machine with interturn insulation.3.11 According to different neutral point grounding methods. The voltage overshooting shall not exceed 10% and the time of regulation shall not exceed 5s.12 If the unit design has electric braking. interconversion of manual drive and automatism. Proceed the adjustment and inspection of low excitation. generally the voltage-sharing coefficient shall not be smaller than 0. protective relay device shall work in normal condition. and the actuations shall be correct. Generally the swing frequency shall not exceed twice.3. 15. For each 1% change of the frequency. electric generator shall have single-phase earth test for extinction coil compensation or protective action validity verification. e) Swing and vibration value of operation of the unit shall meet the regulations in Table 15.25% of the nominal voltage.3. e) Thyristor excitation adjuster shall have protective adjustment including disconnection. then electric brake test shall be carried out. Matriculate the demagnetization oscillogram of electric generator under nominal voltage. generally the flow equalization coefficient shall not be smaller than 0. 15. phase sequence and meter display of secondary circuit of voltage transformer shall be correct.9 Under nominal speed.3. When there is no regulations on design. overexcitation and flow equalization.4 Test over paralleling in of unit and under load .3. 15.3 times of nominal voltage. the stator voltage shall be limited within 1. b) Check the voltage regulation scope of excitation device system.1. 10% phase step quantity disturbance. Rotation rate of the plunged electric braking and rotation rate of the plunged composite braking and overall braking time shall meet the design requirements.9. The actuation shall be correct. When this test is carried out. the time duration under maximum voltage shall be 5min.b) Voltage. overvoltage and simulation actuation test. 15. and the stability and overshooting of excitation regulator under switching on and closedown conditions. f) Under the condition that electric generator has load on or under nominal rotor current.85. passage switch.10 Tune-up test of excitation device of electric generator under no load condition shall meet the following requirements : a) Field flashing test of excitation device shall be normal. 15. c) Under 50% or 100% nominal voltage. When the exciting current of electric generator rises to nominal value.

record the hydraulic pressure rise rate of spiral casing and the rotation speed rise rate of unit. unit vibration section under current water head and the peak load value 15.4 Governor test with unit under load shall meet the following requirements: a) Carry out all kinds of control mode switches during automatic run. b) When conditions permit. which shall be correct. 75% and 100% of the nominal load and related parameter values shall be recorded.4. raise or lower the speed sharply by 10% of the nominal load. During the changing process of rotation speed. d) Proceed power system stabilizer device (pss) test under small load. Load and servomotor stroke swing of unit shall meet the design requirement. 50%. active load shall step up gradually. b) When 100% nominal load is rejected. d) After the rejection of 100% of the nominal load. vibration.1 Unit parallel test shall meet the following requirements: a) Current rise test of main transformer over high side through steady state short circuit shall be normal. The meter display shall be correct. Observe the work condition of draft pipe aeration device under all kinds of working conditions. Regulating performance of speed regulator shall meet the following requirements: a) When 25% of nominal load is rejected. c)Once and secondary electric units related to unit plunge are all tested to be qualified. When this test is carried out.5 Load rejection test of unit shall proceed under 25%. 15. record the time from the . check the nominal load under a combination of different controlling parameters. and swing of each part of the unit shall meet requirements and the operation shall be normal. both of which shall not exceed the design value. check the closing rules and time of wicket gate servomotor. which shall meet the design requirement. measure and calculate the voltage adjustment ratio of generator voltage. Select controlling load-carry duty parameters. When 100% load is rejected. b) The test of generator on the ascending loading of main transformer and impulse switch-on test of the main transformer by the system shall be normal. hydraulic pressure.3 Excitation device test with unit under load shall meet the following requirements: a) Adjustment process shall be stable under different kinds of loads. vibration section of unit shall be sheered off. which shall meet the design requirements.4. and the value shall meet the design requirements: c) Thyristor excitation adjuster shall have tests and calibrations on all kinds of limitators and protections. wave peak exceeding the steady-state speed by 3% does shall not happen more than twice. Measure the servomotor response time. 15.4. the overshooting of generator voltage shall not be greater than 15% of the nominal value.2s.2 In load test of unit. record the self-regulating transition process. which shall not be greater than 0. Check synchronized return circuit connection.15. measure and calculate the static voltage error of generator voltage. b) Under small load. Record the transition process of parameters including rotation rate. record the self-regulating transition process and check the step closure of guide blades. Temperature. c) When 100% nominal load is rejected.4. The time of regulation shall not be greater than 5s and the voltage swing frequency shall not exceed 3 times. Observe the stability of automatic excitation adjuster.4. 15. horsepower and servomotor stroke.

8 According to the contract requirement.10 For condenser operation test of the unit.4. the unit cannot have nominal load. 15. the time before and after the intermittence shall not be accumulated. both electric power receiving station delivery head and electric system conditionality. after the 72h continuous trial run and closedown of the unit to deal with the discovered flaws. the following test shall be carried out: a) Closedown test of guide blade under low oil pressure.4. Restart 30d trial run test. the actuation of automatic control program and automation component shall be exact.11 As for hydrostorage reversible type unit. record the following items: a) Record the consumed wattful power of unit after the closedown of guide blade when the runner operates under water. 15. 15. After they equipments are qualified. proceed the 30d trial run immediately. leading phase depth and related protection setting shall meet the requirements. which shall be normal. which shall meet the design requirements. proceed the 30d operation. Restricted by the water head and electric system conditions of power station. e) Examine the camrelationship of feather turn or impulse turbine during the process of load rejection. d) Within the scope of design. b) Check the water pressure and aeration conditions as well as the actuation of aeration device. proceed 72h continuous service at as large load as possible. the test can be carried out at the current conditions under as large load as possible. generally. 15. the unit shall proceed 72h continuous service.4. c) During the switchover between electricity generation and condenser operation.4.4. Record the maximal reactance capacity output when the rotor current is nominal value. if the intermittence is shorter than 24h and the frequency does not exceed three times then the operation time before and after the intermittence may be accumulated.6 At nominal load.5%. intermittence due to the malfunction of unit or its auxiliary facilities or the installation and manufacturing quality of equipment shall be timely dealt with. the following requirements shall also be met: a) Check the actuation of air inflation and water pressing as well as automatic aeration. except for the aforesaid requirements.4. b) Closedown test of guide blade by accident proportioning valve. 15. .servomotor's first move to the turnon direction to the time the oscillation value of unit does not exceed ±0. which shall not be bigger than 40s.7 At nominal load down. d) Power station without accident regulation valve shall take forced shutdown test. Record the wattful power consumed by unit after the water level inside the draft pipe is pressed down under the runner. During the 30d trial run period. for unit with 30d test run requirements. regulation of generator reactive power shall be stable. e) Counter-weight close-down test of bulb tubular generating unit.9 Proceed the leading phase operation in compliance with the design requirement. set be Restricted by the conditions of water head and electric system of power station and the unit cannot have nominal load. c) Proceed the closedown test of main gate or master valve (cylinder valve) test under hydrodynamic conditions according to the physical circumstances of design requirement and power station. 15. Otherwise.

3. input power and guide vane opening shall comply with the complex characteristic curve of the water pump / water turbine provided by the manufacturer. The value shall meet the design requirements. The swing and vibration value during operation of the unit shall be in compliance with regulations in 15. determine the vibration of each part of the unit. For power station that needs to have initial water filling. during the start of unit. Record the pressure between the runner and guide blade during the pressure generating process and the pressure of spiral casing and draft pipe. c) Record the start-up procedure curve of unit under frequency conversion and back-to-back modes. f) Transcribe the normal shutdown curve and emergency shutdown curve of unit under the working condition of water pump.Record the process time of charge and water pressing as well as the difference value of pressure drawdown of air-hammer pot. all requirements on the initial water filling of reservoir shall be met. Observe the degassing and drainage of the vent-pipe vibration and the outflow of exhaust pipe. As for asynchronous starting mode. which shall meet the design requirements. electricity generation / motor stator voltage and stator current. b) Check the actuation of coping air evacuation valve. Observe the pressure generating process of runner chamber. flow. the unit shall take trial pumping tests under different delivery lifts. record the parameters of system voltage. d) Proceed working condition zero flow test of water pump. Transition process of working condition from zero flow to water pumpage working condition shall be normal. Record the time of the entire exhaust process. . In frequency varying staring mode. which shall be normal. e) Within the specified delivery lift. h) Carry out 30d trial run test of the unit. The actually measured delivery lift. and determine the optimal time to turn on guide blade.1 d) and e). and the value shall meet the design requirements. within 30d trial run period. in the start-up procedure of unit. which shall be exact. the electricity generation and water pumpage shall proceed in compliance with the requirements of electric system. The transition process parameter shall meet the design requirements and the conversion program shall be exact and reliable. g) Proceed the switch tests between all kinds of service conditions such as from electricity generation to water pumpage and from water pumpage to electricity generation. the telephone harmonic form factor of high voltage side of main transformer shall not exceed the set value.

18) Record of wearing ring clearance on each part of water turbine. arrived with equipments c) Design and modification documents d) Summary list of defects mappings in all major equipments and technical materials on defects dealing of related equipments A. 10) Roundness record of the upper and lower seal ring of runner. 16) Impaction stroke record of wicket gate servomotor. 3) Installation record of spiral casing. 26) Installation record of oil receiver. 8) Combination record of split runner (after the thermal treatment). .Annex A (Informative) Handover of Informative Annex A. 21) Installation record of aeration device in the spindle center hole 22) Installation record of the runner chamber of Kaplan turbine 23) Record on the runner actuation of Kaplan turbine and withstand voltage test. 25) Clearance record between Kaplan turbine leaf blade and runner chamber. 9) Static balancing test record of runner. 6) Installation record of servomotor. etc. 7) Record on thermal treatment and detection of split runner welding seam. record on rotation angle scope of paddle corner. 5) Record of hydraulic test of spiral casing on site. 17) Maximal gate opening record. 11) Record on the welding. 14) Record on the upper and lower terminals of guide blade and vertical plane clearance. 15) Record of the distance between two axial holes of the wicket gate actuating rod. 19) Assemble clearance record of main guide bearing.2 Installation and test data sheet a) Water turbine 1) Installation record of the draft pipe (elbow bend and conical tube) undercoat 2) Installation record of stay ring. 13) Top cover combination and installation record. 27) Installation record of impulse turbine chassis.1 Final drawing and materials a) Final drawing for the installation within the installation scope of this standard b) Ex-factory record. 24) Relation curve of leaf blade rotation angle of Kaplan turbine and servomotor stroke. certificate. and technical specification. 20) Installation record of cylindrical valve. 4) Record on defect detecting test for welding seam of spiral casing. thermal treatment and acceptance of work of one-piece runner installation on site 12) Combination and installation record of base ring.

29) relation record on the needle stroke of impulse turbine and refractor opening. output electric voltage and electric current of speed detector 11) Transfer curve on the switch conversion device of electrohydraulic or electric machine 12) Transfer curve of speed regulating system c) Electricity generator part 1) Chassis installation record 2) Chassis welding inspection record 3) Chassis installation record 4) Clearance record of the joint close of magnet yoke and iron core 5) Stator installation record 6) Record of onsite laminations installation of the stator 7) Installation record of rotor field spider 8) Welding inspection record of rotor field spider 9) Installation record of rotor yoke 10) Installation record of braking ring plate 11) Installation record of magnetic pole 12) Counterweight record of rotor 13) Fit-up gap record of thrust bearing pad 14) Adjustment record on the stress over thrust bearing 15) Distance record between the elastic bearing base and carrier plate 16) Distance record from shaft neck to the base ring 17) Air interstice record of stator and rotor 18) Adjustment records on the axial line of unit 19) Clearance record of guide bearing pad . 3) Emergency shut-down and opening time record of guide blade. 4) Sectional closure stroke and opening time record of guide blade. 8) Relation curve of guide vane opening and servomotor stroke. oil pipeline and bearing components. relation curve of blade angle and servomotor stroke. 9) Relation curve for wicket gate servomotor of design head and blade servomotor stroke 10) Relation curve on the input rotation speed. 32) Relation curve on rotation angle of diagonal flow turbine leaf blade and servomotor stroke b) Speed regulating system 1) Tightness withstands voltage test record of overhead tank. 5) Sectional closure stroke and opening time record of blade.28) Installation record of impulse turbine muzzle. 6) Time record for guide blade closedown of accident regulating valve. 7) Comprehensive wander test record. 30) Withstand voltage and actuation test record of feathering francis runner 31) Clearance record of feathering francis runner leaf blade and runner chamber. 2) Commissioning record of oil pressure installation.

operation. e) Butterfly valve and ball valve 1) Valve body installation record 2) Withstand voltage test record of rubber waterstop 3) Sealing device clearance record 4) Through valve hydraulic test record 5) Servomotor stroke record 6) Servomotor installation record 7) Operation record in anhydrous conditions or still water conditions 8) Welding inspection record of telescopic joint f) Others 1) Record of the extension value of bolt required to be tightened 2) Oiliness test record 3) Test record of wind system. of excitation system. 4) Installation of heavy-duty rectifier and test record. 12) Dielectric strength test record of each component of excitation system. water system and oil system g) Electric equipment of unit . See A. 10) Record on the return circuit components such as interfacing. and signal etc. 7) Installation of silicon control junctor and test record. and signal etc. 9) Inspection record on the return circuit components such as interfacing. 13) Test record of each basic unit of automatic excitation adjuster 14) Test record of each supplementary unit of automatic excitation adjuster 15) Overall static characteristics test record of automatic excitation adjuster 16) Trial run record of excitation system. protection. 2) Installation of exciting transformer and the test record.2. protection. operation. surveillance. surveillance.). of excitation system. cabinet and component of excitation system. 11) Insulation record on each component of excitation system and one-time or secondary circuit. 6) Nonlinear resistor test record. 5) Installation of pulse transformer and test record. 3) Installation of magnetic field breaker & field breaking switch and test record.20) Withstand voltage test record of brake 21) Record on the installation elevation of brake 22) Resistance measurement record of bearing insulation 23) Withstand voltage test record of cooler 24) Withstanding pressure and test record of high pressure oil lift device 25) Record on the bearing installation of horizontal type sub-frame 26) Installation record on the pipe shaped base of bulb unit 27) Installation record with vertical or horizontal bracing of bulb unit d) Excitation system part 1) Installation of the disc & cabinet of excitation system and test record.h. 8) Records on cable running and wiring of each disc.

h) Trial run Record on tests carried out as required by this standard .Record on the electrical test carried out in compliance with the requirement of this standard.

1 Installation deviation of governor cabinet shall meet the requirements of Table B1.15 Measure pedestal mechanic cabinet (upper spacer) of (mm/m) governor driving motor Notes: Installation of compounded speed regulator shall take the actuating mechanism bracket regulating shaft as the bench mark. c) Each indicator and leverage in mechanism cabinet of speed regulator shall be adjusted according to the drawing.3 Others refer to related contents in Chapter 8. The maximum deviation shall not be greater than 0. Generally.1. Measure the return interval of buffering bearing plate of speed regulator in the three positions of middle and two terminals. the time it takes shall meet the design requirements: Time difference for the two rounds up and down shall not exceed 10% of the set time. Radial and axial swing of rhombohedral centrifugal pendulum spring pedestal relative to the bearing at the upper end of steel band shall not be greater than 0. b) When the buffering piston moves up and down and returns to the last 1mm middle position. Table B1 Permissible deviation for the installation of governor cabinet No. installation.04mm. Item Permissible deviation Notes 1 Center (mm) 5 Measure the distance from the mark on the equipment to X and Y datumline of unit 2 Elevation (mm) ±5 3 Level of the 0.1.1. total stroke of return mechanism actuation and slippage mechanism shall be zero. B. . the position deviation of mechanism shall not be greater than 1mm. Actuation of buffer relay piston shall be stable. The deviation shall meet the design requirements B. There shall be no clearance between the support bolt of buffer and bearing plate. d) When indication of steady state speed droop (residual degree of irregularity) is zero.Annex B (Normative) Installation Requirements of Mechanism Hydraulic Pressure Governor B. The rotation shall be flexible. The deviation it returned to the middle position shall not be greater than 1mm. and adjustment of the governor component shall meet the following requirements: a) Connection of governor driving motor and centrifugal flyweight shall be concentrical.05mm.2 Rinsing.

b) Below 40°C.1.3. the measured absorption ratio of insulation R60/R15 shall not be smaller than 1. The temperature rise shall be 5°C ~ 8°C per hour. b) In the drying process of stator winding.2 For stator needs to be dried. the temperature shall rise gradually.1. for epoxy reconstituted mica insulation.3. the measured insulated polarization index R10min/R1min shall not be smaller than 2. the assembled stator is dried with surface baking method by external heating. C. c) The maximum temperature of coil shall not exceed 70°C when measured with alcohol thermometer and shall not exceed 80°C when measured with flush type resistance thermometer. .18 a).1 Dryness of stator coil may be neglected when it satisfies the following conditions: a) Per phase insulation resistance of winding is in compliance with the regulations of Article 9. during the drying. insulation resistance shall be stabilized for 4h ~ 8h.6. attention shall be paid to the following items: a) Generally. d) Generally. for asphalt mica insulation.Annex C (Normative) Requirement on the Dryness of Hydraulic Generator Stator C. it shall not be smaller than 1.

the process shall follow such order: leak-off-test. j) Pipeline after qualified acid washing. carbon tetrachloride.). b) The rinsing shall proceed with the maximal pressure and flow that can be reached within the system until the water color and transparency at the outlet are the same as water at the inlet by visual inspection. It is deemed as qualified if the inner walls shows metallic luster. neutralizing. resetting. passivation.2. orifice plate sieve. b) Acid washing of the inner walls of pipeline shall remove the rustiness and make sure that the un-rusted surface is not spoiled (namely overpickling). which shall be in compliance with related environmental protection regulation to avoid environmental pollution. the inner walls may be acid washed and passivated by the adoption of vat leaching method or systemic circulation method. The pipeline may adopt organic solvent (Dichloroethane. visual inspect the pipeline. h) After the acid washing.2. no matter which acid washing method is adopted. greasing. neutralizing and passivating operation. Passivation and Rinsing of Pipeline D. degreasing (if necessary). before the acid washing. the piping system shall take air leak-off-test or hydraulic pressure leak-off-test. acid washing. Place a piece of board pasted with plain paper or white .2 Rinsing of the air system pipeline a) Generally. thermometer. the pipeline shall be degreased. k) Waste water and used liquid after the acid washing shall be disposed before discharge. industrial alcohol. neutralizing and passivating shall be protected by sealing if it cannot be re-assembled and placed in service timely. D.1. drying.2 Pipeline rinsing D. i) During the acid washing. e) When systemic circulation acid washing is adopted.1 Acid washing and passivation of pipeline a) Before the installation of pipeline. D.1. rinsing. aqua fortis or alkali liquor to degrease. air system pipeline shall be purged with compressed air. goggles.1. g) If there is no definite regulations. etc. Flow velocity of compressed air is 5m / s ~ 10m / s. acid resistant gloves and so on. generally. neutralizing liquid and passivation liquid of the steel tube may adopt products that have been appraised and is proved to be effective and reliable in the actual application. rinsing.Annex D (Informative) Acid Washing.. formulation of the acid washing liquid.1. valve plug of check valves shall be dismantled from the piping system and shall only be reassembled after they are rinsed and qualified. f) Sustain the consistency and temperature of acid liquor during the acid washing.1 Rinsing of water system pipeline a) Before rinsing. d) Before the acid washing with systemic circulation method. trichloroethane. c) When there are overt oil spots on the inner wall of pipeline. the operators shall wear special protective clothing. etc.

if no dirt and moisture content are discovered. After the pipeline is rinsed with water and is blown dry. b) Oil rinsing shall be carried out in the oil circulation method. It is deemed as qualified when the number of remaining impurities per square centimeter is limited within 3.3 Rinsing of oil system pipeline. D. .1. it may be put in application. oil-piping may be rinsed with oil that has been filtered with pressure type filter press and has been pressed by oil pump. After the rinsing is qualified and the rinsing is discharged.2. D.1.cloth at the air discharge outlet for 3min ~ 5min. c) After the rinsing of the pipeline oil. then the air is qualified. then new oil may be infused into the system. raise and lower oil temperature two or three times within the temperature scope of 40°C~70°C every 8 hours. it is deemed qualified. During the circulating process.2.4 Rinsing of the speed regulating system pipeline shall proceed according to design requirement. check with 200 mesh sieve. a) After the oil-piping is pickled and qualified before the oil filling into the system. b) Air system pipeline may also adopt clear water at a speed of 0.8m / s to rinse until the water at the discharge outlet is clean. d) The brand of oil use in rinsing shall be the same as that used by the system.

5 50≥T>25 < 0. d) Welding defects over the limit of Grade III are rated as Grade IV. E.3.1.1. E. faulty fusion and incomplete penetration c) Grade III welding seam shall be free of flaw. It may be round. faulty fusion and incomplete penetration in both sides welding and one side welding with backing board. it falls into four grades: a) Grade 1 welding seam shall be free of flaw.1.3.2 During the evaluation of round defects. the tails shall be included).2 Welding defects may be round defects or streak slag inclusion. such as with tails (when measuring the size.1 Round defects are evaluated by choosing evaluated area and evaluated area shall be selected at the most seriously defected part.4%T .7 T>50 <1.2 Conversion table for the number of points of imperfection Unit as point Diameter of defects mm <1 > 1~2 > 2~3 > 3~4 > 4~6 >4~8 >8 Number of points 1 2 3 6 10 15 25 E.1 According to the property of weld quality and quantity.3 See Table E3 for size of the defects with points discounted Table E3 Size of the defects with points discounted Unit as millimeter Thickness of the parental materials T Long diameter of the flaw T≤25 < 0. the flaw size shall be converted into number of imperfection points according to Table E2. It includes gas cavity. See Table E1 for the sizes of evaluated area.1. slag inclusion and tungsten inclusion.3. Allowable incomplete penetration length of one side welding without backing board shall be evaluated according to Table E .3 Defects with length-width ratio smaller or equal to 3 are round defects.1. cone or of irregular shapes.1 GB3323-87 Abstract of the standard Methods for radiographic inspection and classification of radiographs for fusion welded butt joints in steel E. Table E.Annex E (Informative) Non-destructive Test Examination Standard over Related Welding E. E. Table E1 Round defects evaluation area Unit as millimeter Thickness of the parental materials (T) T<25 25≤T<100 Dimension of the evaluated area 10 X 10 10 X 20 T>100 10 X 30 E.1.6 Evaluation on the Grade according to the Length of streak slag inclusion. oval. faulty fusion. incomplete penetration and streak liquid b) Grade II welding seam shall be free of flaw.

the value is 4. T≥45.3. it shall be counted into the number of points within the assessment area. the assessment area may be expanded by three times along the welding seam direction after discussion and work out the total number of defects. Table E5. the value is 4.3.E. T≥60.6Grading of the round defects see Table E4. See Table E5 for the grading of streak slag inclusion.5 Where are few defects near the assessment area and it is considered it is not suitable to assess the grades by size. the value is 1/3 T. the accumulative spacing length shall not exceed T within 12T weld length On any line. Assess with 1/3 of this value. Grading of round defects (according to the upper limit of the number of imperfections) Unit: in points Evaluation area mm 10 X 10 10 X 20 10 X 30 Thickness of the 15 25 50 100 parental thickness T T < 10 T>100 ≥T>10 ≥T>15 ≥T>25 ≥T>50 mm I 1 2 3 4 5 6 Quality II 3 6 9 12 15 18 Grade III 6 12 18 24 30 36 IV Defect points grade greater than Grade III E. E. for any group of slag inclusions with spacing between two neighboring slag inclusions not longer than 3L. 12<T<60. the value is 30 Unit: in millimeter Total length of streak slag inclusion On any line. for any group of slag inclusions with spacing between two neighboring slag inclusions not longer than 6L. the value is 20 III T≤9. Grading of streak slag inclusion Quality grade Length of each single streak slag inclusion II T≤12.4 When a round defect is connected with the sideline of the area of interests.1. the value is 2/3 T.1.4 Slag inclusion with length-width ratio of defect greater than 3 is streak slag inclusion . the accumulative spacing length shall not exceed T within 6T weld . E.1. 9<T<25.1.3. Table E4.

When the plate thickness of parental materials is not even. E. minimal δ /2. maximal 30 evaluation 3/4δ.1. Grading of the long gas cavity with length-width ratio greater than 3 is the same with the grading of streak slag inclusion. if both round defects and streak slag inclusion (or incomplete penetration) exist. When the IV Grade III upward 4: When the checked welding seam length is smaller than 12T (Grade II) or 6T (Grade III). L refers to the maximal length of this group of slag inclusion. minimal 10. maximal 20 3/4δ. δ /3. minimal δ/2. minimal 2/3δ.) is the center line height of the welding seam section. 2. minimal I 12 maximal 30 10. maximal 50 IV Over Grade III Notes: 1 δ refers to the plate thickness of the parental materials on the machined side of groove. . they shall be graded respectively and the total of the grade minus 1 will be taken as the final grade. 2 Fillet weld of tube holder (δ. the single streak slag inclusion shall be taken as the allowable value. When the converted total length of the streak slag inclusion is smaller than the length of a single streak slag inclusion. E.5 Within the round assessment area. minimal III <δ.length IV Greater than Grade III Note: 1. 3. In the table. maximal 50 10. minimal 20 16. it may be converted according to ratio. Table E6 Grades classification of defects Grades Inspection A B C Plate thickness 8~15 8~300 8~300 2/3δ. maximal 75 12. minimal Grade II 12 12.GB11345-89 Abstract of Method for manual ultrasonic testing and classification of testing results for ferritic steel welds Classify the defects in compliance with the regulations of Table E6 according to the flaw indication length. the thinner point thickness will be adopted.2. minimal 2/3δ .

15 15 15 GB 511 GB 260 GB 7305 . not greater than Mechanical impurities Water contents Demulsificati on valuec (40-37-3) L Top grade First grade Quality products 32 46 32 46 32 46 28. mgKOH/g.1GB11120-1989 L-TSA Requirement on Steam Turbine Oil Quality index Item Viscosity grade Kinematic Viscosity (40°C). mgKOH/g. 6 Test metho d GB 3141 GB 265 90 90 90 GB 1995 -7 -7 -7 GB 3535 180 180 180 GB 3536 Report Report Report GB 1884 GB 1885 - - 0. °C. No. 2 41.8~35. not lower than Flow pointb. not greater than Neutralization value. mm2/s Viscosity indexa. kg/m3 Acid value.4~50.8~35.3 GB 264 Report Report - GB 4945 No No. 6 28.Annex F (Informative) GB11120-1989 L-TSA Requirements on Steam Turbine Oil Table F.8~35.4~50. No. not higher than Flash point (opening). 2 41. 2 41.4~50. 6 28. °C not lower than Density (20°C). No. No.

When the products are for the purpose of military. min. 2. Overall oxidative product. Pour point index may not be limited by this standard according to the practice of production and application after consultation with the user. Acid value after oxygenation 2. after consultation with the user. For steam turbine oil produced from intermediate base crude. 3.0 mgKOH/g.3h) Air release valuef (50°C) 5 450/0 450/0 600/0 100/0 100/0 100/0 450/0 450/0 600/0 Report Report 3000 Report Report 2000 Report Report 1500 GB 8119 SY 2680 Rustless Rustless Rustless GB 11143 1 1 1 GB 5096 - SY 2693 6 5 6 SY 2669 Notes: 1. not greater than.TSA quality products is permitted to be not lower than 70 and viscosity index of first grade products are allowed to be not lower than 80. %: Precipitate. Oxidation stability e a. the demulsification value shall be negotiated by the . not greater than.54 ℃. Later 24℃. this standard may not be a limit. viscosity index of L . not greater than Air bubble testd. ml/ml. not greater than. 24 ℃. H is not smaller than: Rust test in liquid phase (synthetic sea water) Copper strip test (100°C. 93 ℃. According to the production and practical application. %: b.

. 6. Air release value in the first grade products may not be limited by this standard according to the practical production and application and after the negotiation with user. Oxidation stability is a item that shall be guaranteed. During the air bubble test. if the oil surface is not covered by bubbles. 5. 4. the report result is “0”.manufacturer and the army. It is spot checked once a year.

“shall not” for negation.1.Annex G (Normative) Wording Explanation: G. “May” is used for affirmation. G.4 Words denoting a causal possibility and capability “Can” is used for affirmation.11. G.1. G. sometimes with the conditional permit. G.1.3 Words denoting the option available. “should not” for negation. “can not” for negation. Words used for different degrees of strictness are explained as follows in order to mark the differences in executing the requirements in this code.1. .1 Words denoting a strict requirement under normal conditions: “Shall” is used for affirmation. “may not” is used for negation.2 Words denoting an indication of the most suitable choice when conditions permit: “Should” is used for affirmation.