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# BAB II

PERHITUNGAN BEBAN DAN GAYA GESER
2.1 Perhitungan Beban Melintang
0.2
wilayah 3

0.1
0.05

lunak
keras

0.03
0.5

1

2

3

Waktu getar

Beton tanpa dinding geser
T = 0,06 H3/4
= 0.06 (19 )3/4 = 0,546

Dari Grafik/Gambar
T = 0,546 C = 0,05

Beton Bertulang, k = 1
Cd= C . I . K
= 0,05 . 1 . 1
= 0,05
V = Cd . Wt
= C . I . K . Wt

2.1.1 PELAT ATAP/LANTAI TINGKAT 5 [Tebal 10 cm]
10

10
55

60
45

50
25
30

II-1
Tugas Terstruktur
Teknik Gempa ( TS 326 )

3 = 6720 kg  2.45m x 5.50m x 4 m x 2400 kg/m3) = 6480 + 11520 kg = 18000 kg  Berat langit-langit dan gantungan q4 = 14 m x 16 m x 18 kg/m2 = 4032 kg  Penutup aspal + pasir ( + = 1 cm) q5 = 14 m x 16 m x 0.45 m x 3 m x 2400 kg/m3)+ (8 x 0.25m x 0.30m x 0.50 m x 5m x 2400 kg/m3) = 14850 + 8820 kg = 23670 kg  Balok memanjang q3 = (8 x 0.1.5 m x 2400 kg/m3)+(5 x 0.25m x 0.05 m x 1000 kg/m3 = 11200 kg  Beban hidup q7 = 14 m x 16 m x 100 x 0.01m x 1400 kg/m3 = 3136 kg  Air hujan tinggi 5 cm q6 = 14 m x 16 m x 0.30m x 0. Berat atap q1 = 14 m x 16m x 0.2 Total Q5 =  q = 120518 kg LANTAI TINGKAT 4 [Tebal 14 cm] 14 14 55 60 41 46 25 30 II-2 Tugas Terstruktur Teknik Gempa ( TS 326 ) .10 m x 2400 kg/m3 = 53760 kg  Balok melintang q2 = (10 x 0.

8 kg  Kolom q13 = 20 x 0.50 x 0.3 = 16800 kg  2.50 m x 3.5m x 2400 kg/m3)+(5 x 0.25m x 0.46m x 4m x 2400 kg/m3) = 14736 kg  Berat langit-langit dan gantungan (Plafond) q11 = 14 m x 16m x 18 kg/m2 = 4032 kg  Keramik + adukan 5 cm q12 = 14 m x 16 m x 0.41m x 5.3 Total Q4 = Q4’ + q13 + q14 = 174910.50m x 2400 kg/m3 = 42000 kg  Beban hidup q14 = 14 m x 16m x 250 kg/m2 x 0.8 kg  Total Q4’ =  q = 116110.1.05 x 24 kg/m2 = 268.50 m x 3.8 kg  Kolom q13 = 20 x 0.46m x 5m x 2400kg/m3) = 21810 kg  Balok memanjang q10 = (8 x 0.25m x 0.3 II-3 Tugas Terstruktur Teknik Gempa ( TS 326 ) .50 x 0.41m x 3m x 2400 kg/m3)+ (8 x 0.30m x 0.25m x 0.50m x 2400 kg/m3 = 42000 kg  Beban hidup q14 = 14 m x 16m x 250 kg/m2 x 0.140 m x 2400 kg/m3 = 75264 kg  Balok melintang q9 = (10 x 0. Berat pelat q8 = 14 m x 16m x 0.8 kg LANTAI TINGKAT 3 [Tebal 14 cm]  Total Q4’ =  q = 116110.

8 kg  Kolom q13 = 20 x 0.5 5 0 Wi .60 x 0.5 12 8.1.8 kg 174910.3 = 16800 kg  2.50 x 0.6 Total Q4 = Q4’ + q13 + q14 = 174910.= 16800 kg  2.8 kg  Kolom q13 = 20 x 0.50 x 0.3 = 16800 kg  2.50 m x 3.8 874554 0 II-4 Tugas Terstruktur Teknik Gempa ( TS 326 ) .8 kg 86400 kg hi (m) 19 15.8 kg LANTAI TINGKAT 1 [Tebal 14 cm]  Total Q4’ =  q = 116110.5 Total Q4 = Q4’ + q13 + q14 = 174910. hi 2289842 2711117.50m x 2400 kg/m3 = 42000 kg  Beban hidup q14 = 14 m x 16m x 250 kg/m2 x 0.8 kg 174910.1.4 2098929.8 kg 174910.8 kg LANTAI TINGKAT 2 [Tebal 14 cm]  Total Q4’ =  q = 116110.1.50m x 2400 kg/m3 = 42000 kg  Beban hidup q14 = 14 m x 16m x 250 kg/m2 x 0.6 1486741.50 m x 3.4 Total Q4 = Q4’ + q13 + q14 = 174910.60 m x 5 m x 2400 kg/m3 = 86400 kg  Total Q0 = q21 = 86400 kg Lantai Atap (5) 4 3 2 1 0 Wi (kg) 120518 kg 174910.8 kg LANTAI DASAR  Kolom q21 = 20 x 0.

8 F4  Gaya geser tingkat Qi F5 Q5 = F5 = 2194.05 x 906561.612 Kg n 5 Beban Horizontal terpusat pada masing-masing lantai.041 kg Q3 Q2 Q1 Q2 = Q3 + F2= 8227.  Fi  Wi .612  2194.8 874554 F1  x9065.∑ Wi = Wt 906561.581kg 9461184. Wt = 0.988kg 9461184.61 kg II-5 Tugas Terstruktur Teknik Gempa ( TS 326 ) .06   9065.103 kg Q5 F4 F3 F2 F1 Q4 = F5 + F4 = 4791.06 kg  Setiap portal menerima gaya V sebanyak: V  9461184.6 F3  x9065.8 Vt 45328.765kg 9461184.612 2289842 x9065.2 = 45328.8 2711117.hi  Vt = Cd .868 kg Q4 Q3 = Q4 + F3 = 6803.612  2011.h Fatap ( 5 )  ( H/A dan/atau H/B  3 ) 9065.612  2597.2 ∑ Wi.8 2098929.612  1424.8 1486741.8 F2  x9065.103 kg 9461184.173 kg 9461184.622 kg Q1 = Q2 + F1 = 9065.612  837.hi .V Wi .4 x9065.

06 H3/4 = 0. Wt 2.06 (19 )3/4 = 0. 1 .546 C = 0.546  Dari Grafik/Gambar T = 0.2.03 0.5 1 2 3 Waktu getar  Beton tanpa dinding geser T = 0. k = 1 Cd= C .2 wilayah 3 0. 1 = 0. K = 0.05  Beton Bertulang. K .1 PELAT ATAP/LANTAI TINGKAT 5 [Tebal 10 cm] 10 10 55 60 45 50 25 30 II-6 Tugas Terstruktur Teknik Gempa ( TS 326 ) . I . I .1.2 Perhitungan Beban Memanjang 0.05 .05 V = Cd .1 0. Wt = C .05 lunak keras 0.

5 m x 2400 kg/m3)+(5 x 0.2 Total Q5 =  q = 120518 kg LANTAI TINGKAT 4 [Tebal 14 cm] 14 14 55 60 41 46 25 30 II-7 Tugas Terstruktur Teknik Gempa ( TS 326 ) .45 m x 3 m x 2400 kg/m3)+ (8 x 0.10 m x 2400 kg/m3 = 53760 kg  Balok melintang q2 = (10 x 0.25m x 0.25m x 0.30m x 0.2.05 m x 1000 kg/m3 = 11200 kg  Beban hidup q7 = 14 m x 16 m x 100 x 0. Berat atap q1 = 14 m x 16m x 0.50m x 4 m x 2400 kg/m3) = 6480 + 11520 kg = 18000 kg  Berat langit-langit dan gantungan q4 = 14 m x 16 m x 18 kg/m2 = 4032 kg  Penutup aspal + pasir ( + = 1 cm) q5 = 14 m x 16 m x 0.01m x 1400 kg/m3 = 3136 kg  Air hujan tinggi 5 cm q6 = 14 m x 16 m x 0.50 m x 5m x 2400 kg/m3) = 14850 + 8820 kg = 23670 kg  Balok memanjang q3 = (8 x 0.3 = 6720 kg  2.45m x 5.30m x 0.

41m x 5.50 m x 3.8 kg  Kolom q13 = 20 x 0.30m x 0.46m x 5m x 2400kg/m3) = 21810 kg  Balok memanjang q10 = (8 x 0.3 II-8 Tugas Terstruktur Teknik Gempa ( TS 326 ) .5m x 2400 kg/m3)+(5 x 0.25m x 0.3 = 16800 kg  2.2.8 kg LANTAI TINGKAT 3 [Tebal 14 cm]  Total Q4’ =  q = 116110.25m x 0.50m x 2400 kg/m3 = 42000 kg  Beban hidup q14 = 14 m x 16m x 250 kg/m2 x 0.50 m x 3.8 kg  Kolom q13 = 20 x 0.25m x 0.41m x 3m x 2400 kg/m3)+ (8 x 0.50 x 0.50m x 2400 kg/m3 = 42000 kg  Beban hidup q14 = 14 m x 16m x 250 kg/m2 x 0.46m x 4m x 2400 kg/m3) = 14736 kg  Berat langit-langit dan gantungan (Plafond) q11 = 14 m x 16m x 18 kg/m2 = 4032 kg  Keramik + adukan 5 cm q12 = 14 m x 16 m x 0. Berat pelat q8 = 14 m x 16m x 0.05 x 24 kg/m2 = 268.140 m x 2400 kg/m3 = 75264 kg  Balok melintang q9 = (10 x 0.3 Total Q4 = Q4’ + q13 + q14 = 174910.8 kg  Total Q4’ =  q = 116110.50 x 0.

2.6 1486741.2.50 x 0.8 kg 174910.8 kg LANTAI TINGKAT 1 [Tebal 14 cm]  Total Q4’ =  q = 116110.5 Total Q4 = Q4’ + q13 + q14 = 174910.50m x 2400 kg/m3 = 42000 kg  Beban hidup q14 = 14 m x 16m x 250 kg/m2 x 0.6 Total Q4 = Q4’ + q13 + q14 = 174910. hi 2289842 2711117.50 m x 3.50m x 2400 kg/m3 = 42000 kg  Beban hidup q14 = 14 m x 16m x 250 kg/m2 x 0.5 12 8.8 kg 86400 kg hi (m) 19 15.8 kg LANTAI DASAR  Kolom q21 = 20 x 0.= 16800 kg  2.50 m x 3.60 x 0.8 kg LANTAI TINGKAT 2 [Tebal 14 cm]  Total Q4’ =  q = 116110.2.8 874554 0 II-9 Tugas Terstruktur Teknik Gempa ( TS 326 ) .5 5 0 Wi .8 kg 174910.60 m x 5 m x 2400 kg/m3 = 86400 kg  Total Q0 = q21 = 86400 kg Lantai Atap (5) 4 3 2 1 0 Wi (kg) 120518 kg 174910.4 2098929.8 kg 174910.3 = 16800 kg  2.50 x 0.8 kg  Kolom q13 = 20 x 0.3 = 16800 kg  2.8 kg  Kolom q13 = 20 x 0.4 Total Q4 = Q4’ + q13 + q14 = 174910.

988kg 9461184.V Wi .hi  Vt = Cd .868 kg Q4 Q3 = Q4 + F3 = 6803.622 kg Q1 = Q2 + F1 = 9065.h Fatap ( 5 )  ( H/A dan/atau H/B  3 ) 9065.8 F2  x9065.8 2711117.612  1424.173 kg 9461184.103 kg 9461184.2 = 45328.06 kg  Setiap portal menerima gaya V sebanyak: V  9461184.041 kg Q3 Q2 Q1 Q2 = Q3 + F2= 8227.612  2011.8 1486741.2 ∑ Wi.∑ Wi = Wt 906561.8 Vt 45328.  Fi  Wi .06   9065.8 874554 F1  x9065.612 Kg n 5 Beban Horizontal terpusat pada masing-masing lantai.61 kg II-10 Tugas Terstruktur Teknik Gempa ( TS 326 ) .4 x9065.6 F3  x9065.8 F4  Gaya geser tingkat Qi F5 Q5 = F5 = 2194.103 kg Q5 F4 F3 F2 F1 Q4 = F5 + F4 = 4791.765kg 9461184.8 2098929.581kg 9461184.05 x 906561. Wt = 0.612  2597.hi .612 2289842 x9065.612  837.612  2194.

II-11 Tugas Terstruktur Teknik Gempa ( TS 326 ) .