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Code of Criminal

Procedure (CrPC) 1973
Annual project (Semester V)

Submitted To:
Manisha Narula

Submitted By:
Manjot Singh Rai
B.Com.L.L.B
V Semester

PREFACE
This Project Report has been prepared in partial
fulfillment of the requirement for the Subject : Code
of Criminal Procedure (Sem. V) in the academic
year 2016-2017. For preparing the Project Report,
we have visited the Police Station during the
required duration for the period of 2 days, to avail
the necessary information. The blend of learning
and knowledge acquired during our practical
studies is presented in this Project Report.
The rationale behind visiting the Police Station and
preparing the Project Report is to study the use of
F.I.R. and gather the data related to the practical
problem given
The Project Report starts with the introduction to
CrPc, Definition of F.I.R., purpose and use of an
F.I.R. and the main topic i.e. "CRIMES COMMITTED
BY PERSON IN AGE GROUP OF 15 TO 35 YEARS
REGISTERED IN POLICE STATION OF AREA IN THE
YEAR STARTING FROM 01-01-2015 TILL 24-102016."

(Sem V) in subject CrPc.ACKNOWLEDGEMENT It was indeed an opportunity for us to visit “Police Station. and recording of the same. without whose assistance. Rupnagar” and prepare a Project Report on the same during the program B. who helped us in preparation of this Project Report.I. along with the aspects of filing of an F. Monika Sharma (Officiating Principal) & Ms. who provided us the required information.I. We are also thankful to the Departmental Heads.L. we are thankful to all our friends and other people. preparing this Report might have been much difficult for us.Com. We would like to express our gratitude to Dr. we learnt many interesting things about F. At last but not least. We are thankful to the Staff of Rupnagar Police Station who permitted us to visit and allowed us to prepare the Report. During our visit to the Police Station for preparing this Project Report.L. TEAM MEMBERS Ashutosh Sharma Abhishek Manjot Singh Rai Shivam Gupta .R.B. Moreover we thank all those who supported us directly or indirectly in preparing this Report.R.. Manisha Narula (Project Coordinator) and other faculty members of the college for their valuable guidance and help in the preparation of this Report.

Simranjeet Singh .

I.CONTENT Introduction F.R. Practical Survey Data Statistics of data Observations of data Conclusion the .

It was enacted in 1973 and came into force on 1 April 1974.It provides the machinery for the investigation of crime. the Act contains 484 Sections. . At present. The purpose behind drafting CrPC was to ensure that the accused and the victim get equal opportunity to a fair trial. 2 Schedules and 56 Forms. child and parents. The purpose of drafting the code can be fulfilled if each and every provision of the code passed the test of a) simplicity b) expediency c) affordability.INTRODUCTION The Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC) is the main legislation on procedure for administration of substantive criminal law in India. In order for the substantive laws to come into operation. Additionally. it also deals with public nuisance. procedural law is imperative. apprehension of suspected criminals. The Sections are divided into 37 Chapters. So. procedural and substantive laws are supplementary to each other. The substantive laws like IPC need a mechanism to be implemented and this mechanism was created and named as the criminal procedure code. 1983. prevention of offences and maintenance of wife. determination of guilt or innocence of the accused person and the determination of punishment of the guilty. collection of evidence.

. 1973. Any claim under the code will lie only after the code came in existence i.e.The code is consolidating and amending. then that law would be given precedence over it. It is deemed to be exhaustive but if any subject is not mentioned in the CrPC then the court is empowered to frame laws on the same. It mentions the procedure of applying substantive law but in case any special law already exists where the procedure for such law is already mentioned.

Anyone who knows about the commission of an offence. It is only after the FIR is registered in the police station that the police take up investigation of the case. but anyone can make such a report either orally or in writing to the police. .FIRST INFORMATION REPORT A First Information Report (FIR) is a written document prepared by police organizations in India. it is generally a complaint lodged with the police by the victim of a cognizable offense or by someone on his or her behalf. When they receive information about the commission of an offence. including police officers. can file an FIR. FIR is an important document because it sets the process of criminal justice in motion.

A police station is the first reporting stage. The State Crime Records Bureau compiles information for all the Districts in the State and passes it to the National Crime Records Bureau.CRIME STATISTICS IN INDIA The National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) in the Ministry of Home Affairs is the nodal agency at the Centre to collect. Information is sent by a police station to the District Crime Records Bureau which compiles information from all the police stations in the District and passes it to the State Crime Records Bureau. The main statistical publications on crime brought out by the NCRB are:  Crime in India  Accidental Deaths and Suicides in India  Prison Statistics in India The information is collected in 22 standardized formats from all the 35 States/UTs and from 35 mega cities. . compile and disseminate the information pertaining to crimes and related social safety conditions in the country. The National Crime Records Bureau compiles information from all the States/UTs and disseminates in the form of a publication.

P O L IC E D is t r ic t C r im e R e c o r d s S t a t e C r im e R e c o r d s N a t io n a l C r im e R e c o r d s S T A T IO N B u r e a u ( D C R B ) B u r e a u ( S C R B ) B u r e a u ( N C R B ) PRACTICAL SURVEY DONE IN RUPNAGAR POLICE STATION .

& STATICTICS WITH SUMMARY .

I. 380 Stolen\Th eft NonBailable 62 3 13. No Section F.I. Act F. 792.2015 (FREQUENTLY COMMITTED CRIMES IN 2015) S. Subject Bailable /NonBailable No. of times attempted 1 174-A. 316 4 420 5 300 Indian Penal Code 1860 Indian Penal Code 1860 The Public Gambling Act Indian Penal Code 1860 Indian Penal Code 1860 23 Gambling Cheating NonBailable 49 Murder NonBailable 15 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Accident Stolen\Theft Gambling Cheating Murder .R. 427 Accident NonBailable 53 2 379.R.

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380 Stolen\Th eft NonBailable 30 3 13.R Subject Bailable/N onBailable No. of times attempte d 1 174-A. 427 Accident NonBailable 23 2 379.I. Act F.R. No Section F.I.2016 (FREQUENTLY COMMITTED CRIMES IN 2016) S. 316 4 420 5 300 Indian Penal Code 1860 Indian Penal Code 1860 The Public Gambling Act Indian Penal Code 1860 Indian Penal Code 1860 15 Gambling Cheating NonBailable 22 Murder NonBailable 09 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 Accident Stolen\Theft Gambling Cheating Murder . 792.

792. 316 4 420 5 300 Indian Penal Code 1860 Indian Penal Code 1860 The Public Gambling Act Indian Penal Code 1860 Indian Penal Code 1860 38 Gambling Cheating NonBailable 71 Murder NonBailable 24 .I. Subject Bailable/ NonBailable No.R. 427 Accident NonBailable 76 2 379. of times attempte d 1 174-A.I.2015-2016 (FREQUENTLY COMMITTED CRIMES FROM 01-01-2015 TO 24-10-2016) S. No Section F. 380 Stolen\Th eft NonBailable 92 3 13.R. Act F.

theft is the taking of another person's property without that person's permission or consent with the intent to deprive the rightful owner of it. .100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Accident Stolen\Theft Gambling Cheating Murder OBSERVATIONS From the data we collected. And from my point of view there are various reasons behind the high rate of thefts and some of them are: UNEMPLOYMENT: due to unemployment many people are pushed to take drastic steps to fulfill their basic needs. also even if one is caught during theft the quantum of punishment is very small as compare to other crimes. THEFT was the major crime which was committed the most in the year 2015-16 and even currently in 2016 In common usage. it can be observed that in the city Rupnagar.

 ILLITERACY : unemployment combined with illiteracy leaves a small amount of option for an illiterate person to earn his livelihood.  CORRUPTION & BUREAUCRACY: a system with bureaucracy and corruptions leads to an ineffective law and order system. police personnel might not try to catch a criminal if he knows the criminal can easily escape justice using the loopholes of corruption and bureaucracy. 51% of crimes are committed under the influence of alcohol and other drugs. therefore he/she resorts to such a crime  LACK OF POLICE PERSONNEL: in Rupnagar the amount of police personnel is less as compared to the population of the city. the Police personnel should be provided with proper facilities required for their work which should include proper salary to advanced equipments. due to monetary problems and addiction many youths/addicts commit thefts. Measures which have to be taken: Reduce alcohol and drug abuse. just to make money enough to buy more drugs/alcohol. .  ALCOHOL & DRUGS: consumption of alcohol and drugs is very high in Rupnagar neighboring areas.  LACK OF FACILITIES FOR POLICE: I think in order to establish a good Police Force.

 Improve assessment and interventions for youth. and who are in work.  The punishment for murder varies from life imprisonment to death with fine. are less likely to offend. which makes many people think twice before doing such an act. If we compare the data of 2015 and complete the data of 2016 on pro-rata basis then we can see that there is decline in the rate of crimes being committed in Rupnagar and other areas which .  Focus on education and literacy of people because people who have education and training.  Strengthen rehabilitation and re-integration services to prepare and support people to live law-abiding lives. some reasons for it are:  It a very serious crime and people are scared to do such an act.  Wider Government Initiatives Murder remains the least committed crime in 2015 as well as currently in 2016.  A murder crime gets more attention from the police as well as people and media.

through various Govt.come under the jurisdiction of Rupnagar Police Station. . better perks and increase in salaries of police personnel has also increased the efficiency of police work  Various employment schemes of govt. are also helping people to get jobs.  Better and new techniques of police training are also a reason for such a decrease in crime rate. thus decreasing many drug related crimes. Such a decline in crime rate could be because of several of reasons and some of them according to me are:  Increase in literacy.  New equipment.  Increased literacy has reduced the alcohol and drug abuse among people. schemes and programmes the literacy rate is increasing all over India.

? and many more.R. I would love to do many more such assignment which help in gain knowledge. which helped us to know the working of a police station..R. FIR Applica Offenc Suspe No No.CONCLUSION As we conducted the survey in Rupnagar Police Station.R.R.I. .I. REGISTER is given below: S.\Dat nt Name e ct . is lodged? Who can lodge an F. job of various officers in the police station. It was a wonderful experience. most importantly what is the use of an F. How F. Then we met the S.? Why.I. Format of the F.O. how and by whom it can be filed? In future.s had been lodged called FIR Register for the year 2015 and 2016 [till 24-10-2016]. They also gave us the register in which all the F.H. e Address/cont act details of informer Address/cont act details of informer [if any] Any other remark s It was very enlightening and knowledgeable assignment. experience and skill. but.R. of the police station who gave us the complete information regarding the crimes occurring in their jurisdiction. We came to know about many new things regarding the F.I.I.I.R.