You are on page 1of 18

# PERHITUNGAN TANG

1. DATA - DATA TANGGA
• Lebar Tangga
• Panjang Tangga
• Lebar Bordes
• Tinggi Bordes
• Panjang Anak Tangga
(Jarak Mendatar)
• Berat Beton Bertulang

=
=
=
=
=

2.0
14.00
2.0
3.38
6.00

m
m
m
m
m

=

2400 kg/m3

Beban Keramik

=

24 kg/m2

Beban Spesi

=

21 kg/m2

Beban Hidup

=

500 kg/m2

2. PERENCANAAN ANAK TANGGA
• Syarat :
1.
Antrede
2.
Optrede
3.
2 Optrede = 1 Antrede

=
=
=

Perencanaan Antrede dan Optrede
Direncanakan tinggi Optrede

26 - 30 cm
15 - 20 cm
58 - 62 cm atau 63 - 65 cm

=

-

Jumlah Optrede

=

-

Tinggi Optrede

=

-

Jumlah Antrede

=

-

Panjang Antrede

=

-

Cek

=
=

α

17

cm

675
=
39.71
17
675
40
Optrede - 1
1200
39
2 Optrede + 1 Antrede
2 . 17,5 + 1. 30,92

3. PERENCANAAN TEBAL PLAT
• Plat Dasar Anak Tangga

Panjang Plat (L)

=

Tebal Plat (tp)

=

(Satu Ujung Menerus)

6.00
Cos 30o
L
=
24

=
688.41
24

=

21 kg/m2 . 1 m • Spesi = 2 . m • Spesi = 2 .1 m . 2400 kg/m3 Cos 30o Beban Hidup (qLL) • • qLL = 500 kg/m2 .54 cm Beban Mati (qDL) • Keramik = 24 kg/m2 . 15.08 cm = 36.22 m .Bordes +2.00 2m 2m › Tebal Plat (tp) = 200 20 = 10 cm ~ 29 cm (disamakan) 4. 2400 kg/m3 Beban Mati Terbagi Merata di Sisi Tangga (qDL) • Dinding + Frame Beban Mati Terpusat (QDL) • • Tiang Railling . 1 m = 500 Plat Bordes Beban Mati Terbagi Merata (qDL) • Keramik = 24 kg/m2 . Sin 30o = = = 29 cm 1/2 t1 + t2 1/2 .1 m • Berat Sendiri = 0. 1 m .2973 m .45 + 22 = 15. Sin α t2 ttot = 30. 21 kg/m2 . 1 m • Berat Sendiri = 0. PEMBEBANAN • Plat Dasar Anak Tangga t1 = An .92 .

1000 .85 . 1000 . (200 . fy (d . 0.00347 . d 0.0018  ρb = 0.33 Mn fy . f'c . 2002 .85 . 400 0.65/2) = = 360 .0227678571 = 3.73 kNm 6 PERHITUNGAN TULANGAN (Setiap 1m) • PLAT DASAR ANAK TANGGA › Tebal Plat › Selimut Beton › Tinggi Efektif (d) f'c › = 30 Mpa fy › = 420 Mpa ρmin › = 0. 0. . b . 30 .75 ρb  Mn perlu =  ρ perlu = =  ρmin < ρperlu < ρmax  As = =  a =  Mn ada = = Mu ø = = = = = = 290 20 270 0.85 .a/2) 360 . . b As .Beban Hidup (qLL) • qLL = 500 kg/m2 . fy 0. 30 .7336 1000 600 600 + fy x 0.33 420 .85 400 = = = = = . 600 600 + 400 x = 0. 1000 .20 β1 Mu b  ρmax 0.7336 0. 140 As .8 5. 420 .85 3. 0.7336 kNm • Plat Bordes Mu = 3. 1 m = 500 5 PERHITUNGAN MOMEN MAKSIMAL Hasil perhitungan didapatkan dari hasil analisa menggunakan program SAP2000 V.11 • Plat Dasar Anak Tangga Mu = 3.5.85 f'c β1 fy 29 cm 2 cm 160 .8 » = (Digunakan ρmin untuk menghitung ρ.7 = = 5. d2. b.

73 1000 600 600 + 400 = b 600 600 + fy x . 0. x 0.85 f'c β1 fy = = = . 360 As = ¼πD 2 Jarak antar tulangan = = • ¼ π 102 = b n 1000 2 = Jadi. digunakan tulangan Pembagi : D10 .200 mm = • = b n =  OK!! = = 0.0018  ρmin ρb 145.500 mm PLAT BORDES  Tebal Plat  Selimut Beton  Tinggi Efektif (d) = 30 Mpa  f'c = 420 Mpa  fy = 0.30  Mu ø ≥ 5. Mn ada ≥ 54.3 . .00 ¼ π 102 • 1000 7 Tulangan Pembagi • Digunakan tulangan ulir D10 mm • As = 30% As Tulangan Utama • • n = 0.85 400 22 cm 2 cm 220 .80 =  = Jadi. 30 . digunakan tulangan Utama : D13 .85 3.20 β1 Mu = = = = = = 220 20 200 0.85 .33 kNm » Tulangan Utama • Digunakan tulangan ulir D13 mm • Jumlah tulangan (n) = = • Jarak antar tulangan = As ¼ π D2 486.8 145. .

85 . 200 a =  Mn ada = = Mn ada ≥ 29. 1000 = As . f'c . digunakan tulangan Utama : D10 . fy (d .3 .85 . 360 As ¼ π D2 Jarak antar tulangan = = = = 108 108. b = 360 .a/2) 360 .75 ρb Mu ø = 0.0227678571 = 3. (200 .5. ρmax  Mn perlu =  ρ perlu = = 0. 1000 . fy 0. 0. d2.0018 . b .8 =  = • Jarak antar tulangan • Jadi.33 kNm » OK!! Tulangan Utama • Digunakan tulangan ulir D10 mm • Jumlah tulangan (n) = =  5.7 5.8 ρmin < ρperlu < ρmax As ρ.33 420 . b. d = 0.00 ¼ π 102 b = n = 1000 5 Tulangan Pembagi • Digunakan tulangan ulir D10 mm • As = 30% As Tulangan Utama = • • n = 0. 420 .00 ¼ π 102 = b n 1000 = .93/2) Mu ø ≥ 5.33 Mn fy .79  » =  = (Digunakan ρmin untuk menghitung As . 420 0. 0.200 mm = As ¼ π D2 360. 2002 .73 0. 30 . 1000 .

000208 • As perlu 41.= •  2 = Jadi.500 m Tulangan jepit tak terduga • Mn= 30% Mn utama dipakai tulangan polos • ρ perlu 0. digunakan tulangan Pembagi : D10 .670 1.60 240 kNm Mpa • mm 2 .

77 cm = 63.36 o atau 63 .88 cm = 39 Buah = 30.TUNGAN TANGGA = 29.25 6.88 m 28.684 cm › OK!! › OK!! cm › OK!! = 29 cm .65 cm = 40 Buah = 16.

65 kN/m qDL = = 18.00 kg/m = 42.55 kg/m 864.72 kN/m 3 Cos 30o qDL kg/m = kg/m3 5 kN/m = 24.00 kg/m = qDL = 798.(disamakan) 400 kg/m = 24.55 kg/m 8.21 kN/m .00 kg/m = 1006.18 kN/m QDL = = = 18.00 kg/m 0.00 kg/m = 42.25 kg/m 10.70 kg/m 2.25 kg/m = 1072.17 kg/m 0.

00 360 .0303571429 5.11 mm mm mm 0.7176471 54.30 8. 30 .33 kNm 0. 1000 = = mm2 = 54295439.85 . 400 0.85 3.7336 1000 kNm mm 0.0002177524 n ρmin untuk menghitung nilai As ) 486.kg/m = 5 kN/m AP2000 V.00 Nmm kNm mm .

9 500 mm mm mm mm 0.0303571429 .85 3.2 = 7 Buah = 2 Buah 142.6.86 mm mm2 1.73 1000 kNm mm 0.

93 Nmm kNm Buah mm mm2 1.00 mm2 360 .79 = 5 = 200 = 2 5.5.4705882 29. 420 0.0003968537 n ρmin untuk menghitung nilai As ) 360.85 .4 500 mm Buah mm .5 1000 5 = 29791736. 30 . 1000 = = 4.33 kNm 0.

159 mm2 .500 mm dipakai Ø10-250 314.

.

00 .66.