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Chapter 14 – Chemical substances for Consumer

ChemQuest 2011

Soap and Detergent

[MRSM03-12] The industrial process of soap making is known as
A
B
C
D

polymerization
esterification
saponification
sulfonation

[SPM07-25] The following equation shows a chemical reaction
Fat + Sodium hydroxide → glycerol +

Sodium salt

What type of reaction in this?
A
B
C
D

Neutralization
Esterification
Saponification
Fermentation

[SPM08-29] The following equation represents a reaction.
Fats + Alkali

Fatty acid salt + Glycerol

What is the name of the reaction?
A
B
C

D

Fermentation
Esterification
Saponification
Vulcanization

[SBPTrial08-25] In the saponification process, concentrated sodium hydroxide solution is
added to boiling vegetable oils to produce X and soaps. What is X?
A
B
C
D

Ethanol
Glycerol
Propanol
Butanoic acid

[SPM04-18] The information shows a part of the structural formula of a soap molecule

CH3(CH2)14COO-

Which of the following is the name of that part?
A

lauric
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Adura Azlin Ishak | Update 01 Feb 2011 |Since 2007

Which of the following statements is true? A B C D Diagram 8 Parts R and S are soluble in water Parts R and S are soluble in grease Part R is soluble in grease and part S is soluble in water Part R is soluble in water and part S is soluble in grease [SPM03-31] Diagram 9 shows the structure of a soap ion.cikguadura.com 31 Adura Azlin Ishak | Update 01 Feb 2011 |Since 2007 . COO - < ------------. which of the following statements is true? www. Which of the following is true about M when soap is used to clean greasy stain? A B C D M is alkaline M is hydrophilic Soluble in grease Reduce the surface tension of water [MRSM07-18] Diagram 8 shows the structure of a palmitate ion.> Party Y Diagram 9 Based on Diagram 9.wordpress.Chapter 14 – Chemical substances for Consumer B C D ChemQuest 2011 glycerol palmitate alkylbenzene [MRSM06-20] The diagram shows the structure of a soap ion.Part X---------.

What is the substance? A B C D Soap Detergent Sulphuric acid Carboxylic acid [SBPTrial09-26] Diagram 8 shows the structure of a detergent ion.cikguadura.wordpress.com 32 Adura Azlin Ishak | Update 01 Feb 2011 |Since 2007 . Part X Part Y Diagram 8 Which of the following statements explains the diagram? A B C Parts X and Y are soluble in water Parts X and Y are soluble in grease Part X is soluble in grease and part Y is soluble in water www.Chapter 14 – Chemical substances for Consumer A B C D Parts Parts Parts Parts X X X X ChemQuest 2011 and Y are soluble in water and Y are soluble in grease is soluble is grease and part Y are soluble in water is soluble is water and part Y is soluble in grease [SPM2010-50] Why is sodium chloride used in the preparation of soap? A B C D To To To To speed up the reaction to produce soap produce soap which foams easily reduce solubility of soap make soap softer. [SBPtrial2010-13] Which substance is not a required to prepare soap? A B C D sodium chloride sodium hydroxide glycerol tripalmitin [SPM08-19] Diagram 1 shows the structural formula of substances.

wordpress. whereas soaps form scum..cikguadura. [MRSM05-35] The cleansing effect of detergent is more effective in hard water compared to soap because detergent …. Detergents do not form scum in hard water. Detergents are soluble in grease.Chapter 14 – Chemical substances for Consumer D ChemQuest 2011 Part X is soluble in water and part Y is soluble in grease [MRSM07-33] The following equation represents the preparation of detergent. has hydrophilic part which is more soluble in water has hydrocarbon chain which makes detergent dissociate less in hard water [SPM06-34] Which of the following is true about soap or detergent? A B Detergent form scum in hard water Soap form scum in soft water www.com 33 Adura Azlin Ishak | Update 01 Feb 2011 |Since 2007 . Detergents reduce the surface tension of water. What is the pH value for solution X? A 2 B 7 C 9 D 14 [SBPTrial08-13] Which of the following structural formulas is of soap? A B C D [SBPtrial11-26] Why detergents more effective than soaps? A B C D Detergents are biodegradable whereas soaps are non-biodegradable. whereas soaps do not. whereas soaps are insoluble in grease. A B C D forms a soluble salt with metal ion in hard water has hydrophobic part which is more soluble in hard water.

with calcium ions.wordpress. R represents the hydrocarbon long chain. ROSO3.and alkyl sulphate ions. 2CH3(CH2)16 COO-(aq) + Ca2+(aq) [CH3(CH2)16 COO]2 Ca(s) 2ROSO3 – Na+(aq) + Ca2+(aq) (ROSO3 -)2 Ca2+(aq) + 2Na+(aq) What is the effect of the addition of calcium ion the concentration of stearate ion or alkyl sulphate ion? A B C D The The The The concentration concentration concentration concentration of of of of stearate ion increases stearate ion decreases alkyl sulphate ion increases alkyl sulphate ion decreases [SPM11-12] Which statements are correct about soap and detergent? A B C D Soap Contains acid Effective in hard water Made from vegetable oil Does not form scum in hard water Detergent Contains alkali Less effective in hard water Made from petroleum Forms scum in hard water [MRSM09-20] Which of the following differences between soap and detergent is not true? A B C D Soap Effective in soft water Forms scum in hard water Harmful to aquatic life Raw material is fat or oil Detergent Effective in soft and hard water Does not form scum in hard water Harmless to aquatic life Raw material is petroleum [MRSM03-20] Which of the following are correctly matched? Type of food additive Function I Preservative Prevents the growth of microorganism in foods so that it keeps longer II Antioxidant Prevents oxidation of the oil in food by oxygen III Flavouring Gives and enhances the flavour of foods IV Colouring Gives and restores certain colour in foods www. CH3(CH2)16 COO.com 34 Adura Azlin Ishak | Update 01 Feb 2011 |Since 2007 . Ca2+ in hard water.cikguadura.Chapter 14 – Chemical substances for Consumer C D ChemQuest 2011 Scum decreases the effectiveness of the cleansing action of soap The presence of magnesium ions in detergent forms scum [SPM06-35] The following chemical equation shows the reaction between stearate ions.

wordpress. II and IV only II.cikguadura. www. III and IV [MRSMtrial2010-18] Which of the following pairs of additive in detergent and its function is correct? A B C D Additives in detergent Sodium perborate Sodium tripoliphosphate Sodium silicate Sodium sulphate Function To convert stains into colourless substances To enable detergent to be poured easily To remove protein stains To soften the water [MRSM04-11] Which of the following pairs is true about the additives in detergents and their function? A B C D Additive Phosphate compounds Fluorescent compounds Biological enzyme Whitening agent Function Whitens cloth Acts on organic matters such as blood Kills and prevents growth of micro organism.III and IV only I.Chapter 14 – Chemical substances for Consumer A B C D ChemQuest 2011 I and III only I.com 35 Adura Azlin Ishak | Update 01 Feb 2011 |Since 2007 . II. Acts as bleaching agent Medicine [MRSM11-18] Which of the following statements is true about streptomycin? A B C D Can kill viruses Obtained from animal cells A type of analgesic Treats patients with diseases caused by bacteria [SBPtrial11-39] Which of the following can be used to cure headaches? A B C D Cortisone Streptomycin Paracetamol Barbiturates [SBPtrial2010-46] The information below shows two examples of medicine Y.

cikguadura. He went to a clinic and the doctor prescribed streptomycin.com 36 Adura Azlin Ishak | Update 01 Feb 2011 |Since 2007 .wordpress.Chapter 14 – Chemical substances for Consumer   ChemQuest 2011 Penicillin Streptomycin What is the type of medicine Y? A B C D Antibiotic Analgesic Hormone Psychotherapeutic medicine [MRSM03-13] A B C D Which of the following is an analgesic? Insulin Penicillin Cortisone Paracetamol [MRSM10-20] A student has a whooping cough. What type of medicine is streptomycin? A B C D Analgesic Antibiotic Antipsychotic Psychotherapeutic [SPM04-17| MRSM07-20] Which of the following is the function of an analgesic? A B C D to to to to calm down the emotion of the patient treat asthma relieve pain destroy bacteria [SPM05-20] Which medicine can relieve a headache? A B C D aspirin cortisone barbiturate streptomycin [SBPTrial07-13] Paracetamol is used for A B C reducing pain reducing anxiety destroying of bacteria www.

Which of the following medicines is most appropriate in treating the above symptoms or disorders? A B C D Chlorpromazine Amphetamine Tranquilisers Barbiturates [MRSM05-20] Which of the following medicine and its usage have been matched correctly? Medicine www.com Usage 37 Adura Azlin Ishak | Update 01 Feb 2011 |Since 2007 . Which medicine is suitable to treat these patients? A B C D Aspirin Codeine Barbiturate Streptomycin [SBPTrial09-40] A patient is experiencing depression and has difficulty in sleeping.wordpress.cikguadura. Which of the following medicine is suitable for treating this patient? A B C D Codeine Barbiturate Paracetamol Streptomysin [SBPTrial07-39] A patient claims he always heard someone says something to him but he didn’t see anybody around him during the situation.Chapter 14 – Chemical substances for Consumer D [ A B C D controlling the level of glucose in blood ] Which of the following medicines is an analgesic? Insulin Penicillin Streptomycin paracetamol [MRSM04-12] A B C D ChemQuest 2011 Stimulants are drugs which are classified as psychotherapeutic analgesic antibiotic hormone [SPM03-13] Psychiatric patients are always restless and normally experience difficulties in sleeping.

II . What medicine is suitable to be given to the student? A B C D Insulin Penicillin Barbiturate Paracetamol [SPM08-34] A patient complained of pain due to an excess of acid in the stomach.com 38 Adura Azlin Ishak | Update 01 Feb 2011 |Since 2007 . Which substance will help to relieve the pain? A B C D Ammonia Ethanoic acid Sodium chloride Magnesium hydroxide Food Additive [MRSM11-20] Diagram 6 shows the label on a box of sugar free banana cake. ascorbic acid. II and IV only I. III and IV [MRSM09-49] A tuberculosis patient is suffering from high fever.Chapter 14 – Chemical substances for Consumer I II III IV A B C D Streptomycin Aspirin Amphetamine Insulin ChemQuest 2011 Pneumonia treatment Releasing pain Controlling depression Diabetes mellitus treatment I and III only II and IV only I. pentyl ethanoate. sunset yellow Expiry date: 16 September 2011 Diagram 6 www.wordpress. egg.cikguadura. Banana Cake [Sugar Free] Ingredients: Wheat flour. aspartame. Which of the following medicines should be prescribed to the patient? A B C D Analgesic and psychotic medicine Antibiotic and psychotic medicine Analgesic and antibiotic Psychotherapeutic and antibiotic [SPM07-50] The joint of student’s leg is swollen and painful. margarine.

com 39 Adura Azlin Ishak | Update 01 Feb 2011 |Since 2007 . Best before: 15 Dec 2006 What is the function of sulphur dioxide? A B C D To To To To make the drink more concentrated give colour to the drink give orange flavour to the drink make the drink last longer [MRSM09-19] Sodium chloride is added to fish to produce salted fish. Orange Juice XYZ Ingredients: water. Diagram 8 Which type of food additive is represented by vinegar? A B C D Dyes Thickener Antioxidant Preservative [MRSM06-10] The diagram shows a label on a bottle of ‘Orange Juice XYZ’. E110.cikguadura. Which of the following is the main function of sodium chloride? A B C D It improves the texture It gives a better taste Prevents oxidation so that it does not turn rancid It absorbs water in order to inhibit the growth of bacteria www. sulphur dioxide. sugar. vitamin A and D.Chapter 14 – Chemical substances for Consumer ChemQuest 2011 Which of the following ingredients ensures the cake does not turn rancid? A B C D Aspartame Sunset yellow Ascorbic acid Pentyl ethanoate [SBPtrial10-40] Diagram 8 shows a bottle of pickled mangoes.wordpress. aspartame. ascorbic acid. E102.

III and IV only I. III and IV [SPM08-21] Which substance is used as a food preservative? A B C D Sodium nitrite Azo compounds Ascorbic acid Monosodium glutamate [SBPTrial07-26] The diagram shows a label on a bottle of orange juice. sulphur dioxide. What is X? A B C D Sodium nitrite Sodium nitrate Ascorbic acid Benzoic acid www. X.cikguadura. sugar. vitamin A and D X is one of the important ingredients to make orange juice last longer. aspartame. SUKARAMAI ORANGE JUICE Ingredients: water. II. I II III IV Type Preservative Antioxidant Flavouring Colouring Function Prevents growth of microorganism in foods Prevents oxidation of the oil by oxygen Enhances the flavour of foods Gives and restores certain colour in foods TABLE 2 Which of the following are correctly matched? A B C D I and III only I. II and IV only II.com 40 Adura Azlin Ishak | Update 01 Feb 2011 |Since 2007 .Chapter 14 – Chemical substances for Consumer ChemQuest 2011 [SPM07-20] Which of the following is not a function of food additives? A B C D Improving the taste Adding nutritional value Keeping the food fresher Ensuring nutritional balance [MRSM07-20] Table 2 shows the types and functions of food additives.wordpress.

Chapter 14 – Chemical substances for Consumer ChemQuest 2011 [SBPTrial08-48] Which of the following food additives can be used to make food stay fresh longer and taste better? A B C D Sodium benzoate and tartrazine Sodium benzoate and ascorbic acid Monosodium glutamate and tartrazine Ascorbic acid and monosodium glutamate [SBPTrial09-13] Which of the following characteristics shows that salt is used as food preservative? A B C D Presence of chlorine Saltiness Dehydrating property Toxicity [SPM07-38] Which of the following is not a function of food additives? A B C D to improve the texture of food To enhance the flavour of food To decrease the rate of oxidation of food To increase the rate of digestion of food. [SPM11-16] Which pair is correctly matched? A B C D Food additive Preservative Flavouring Antioxidant Thickener www.wordpress.cikguadura.com Example Ascorbic acid Tartrazine Aspartame Acacia gum 41 Adura Azlin Ishak | Update 01 Feb 2011 |Since 2007 .