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Contents lists available at ScienceDirect

**Expert Systems with Applications
**

journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/eswa

**A multi-criteria intuitionistic fuzzy group decision making for supplier
**

selection with TOPSIS method

Fatih Emre Boran a,*, Serkan Genç a, Mustafa Kurt b, Diyar Akay b

a

b

**Institute of Science and Technology, Department of Industrial Engineering, Gazi University, 06570 Ankara, Turkey
**

Department of Industrial Engineering, Gazi University, 06570 Ankara, Turkey

a r t i c l e

i n f o

Keywords:

Intuitionistic fuzzy set

Supplier selection

TOPSIS method

Group decision making

a b s t r a c t

Supplier selection, the process of ﬁnding the right suppliers who are able to provide the buyer with the

right quality products and/or services at the right price, at the right time and in the right quantities, is one

of the most critical activities for establishing an effective supply chain. On the other hand, it is a hard

problem since supplier selection is typically a multi criteria group decision-making problem involving

several conﬂicting criteria on which decision maker’s knowledge is usually vague and imprecise. In this

study, TOPSIS method combined with intuitionistic fuzzy set is proposed to select appropriate supplier in

group decision making environment. Intuitionistic fuzzy weighted averaging (IFWA) operator is utilized

to aggregate individual opinions of decision makers for rating the importance of criteria and alternatives.

Finally, a numerical example for supplier selection is given to illustrate application of intuitionistic fuzzy

TOPSIS method.

Ó 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

1. Introduction

Supply Chain Management (SCM) has received recently considerable attention in both academia and industry. The major aims of

SCM are to reduce supply chain (SC) risk, reduce production costs,

maximize revenue, improve customer service, optimize inventory

levels, business processes, and cycle times, and resulting in increased competitiveness, customer satisfaction and proﬁtability

(Chou & Chang, 2008; Ha & Krishnan, 2008; Heizer & Render,

2004; Monczka, Trent, & Handﬁeld, 2001; Simchi-Levi, Kaminsky,

& Simchi-Levi, 2003; Stevenson, 2005).

One of the important activities for SC success is an effective purchasing function (Cakravastia & Takahashi, 2004; Chou & Chang,

2008; Giunipero & Brand, 1996; Porter & Millar, 1985). The purchasing function has received a great deal of attention in the

SCM due to factors such as globalization, increased value added

in supply and accelerated technological change. The purchasing

function involves buying the raw materials, supplies and components for the organization. The most important activity of the purchasing function is the selection of appropriate supplier, since it

brings signiﬁcant savings for the organization (Haq & Kannan,

2006).

One of the well known studies on supplier selection belongs to

Dickson (1966) who identiﬁed 23 important evaluation criteria for

supplier selection. Weber, Current, and Benton (1991) reviewed

and classiﬁed 74 articles addressed the supplier selection problem.

* Corresponding author. Tel.: +90 312 213 32 33; fax: +90 312 212 00 59.

E-mail address: feboran@gazi.edu.tr (F.E. Boran).

0957-4174/$ - see front matter Ó 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

doi:10.1016/j.eswa.2009.03.039

de Boer, Labro, and Morlacchi (2001) identiﬁed four stages for supplier selection including deﬁnition of the problem, formulation of

criteria, qualiﬁcation, and ﬁnal selection, respectively. They reviewed and classiﬁed MCDM approaches for supplier selection.

Several methodologies have been proposed for the supplier

selection problem. The systematic analysis for supplier selection

includes categorical method, weighted point method (Timmerman,

1986; Zenz, 1981), matrix approach (Gregory, 1986), vendor performance matrix approach (Soukup, 1987) vendor proﬁle analysis

(VPA) (Thompson, 1990), analytic hierarchy process (AHP) (Barbarosoglu & Yazgac, 1997; Narasimhan, 1983; Nydick & Hill, 1992),

analytic network process (ANP) (Sarkis & Talluri, 2000), mathematical programming (Chaudhry, Forst, & Zydiak, 1993; Pan, 1989;

Rosenthal, Zydiak, & Chaudhry, 1995; Sadrian & Yoon, 1994; Weber & Current, 1993) and multiple objective programming (MOP)

(Buffa & Jackson, 1983; Feng, Wang, & Wang, 2001; Ghoudsypour

& O’Brien, 1998; Sharma, Benton, & Srivastava, 1989; Weber & Ellram, 1992).

Most of these methods do not seem to address the complex and

unstructured nature and context of many present day purchasing

decisions (de Boer, Van der Wegen, & Telgen, 1998). In many existing decision models in the literature, only quantitative criteria

have been considered for supplier selection. Several inﬂuence factors are often not taken into account in the decision-making process, such as incomplete information, additional qualitative

criteria and imprecision preferences (Chen, Lin, & Huang, 2006;

Zhang, Zhang, Lai, & Lu, 2009). Therefore, fuzzy set theory (FST)

has been applied to supplier selection recently. Li, Fun, and Hung

(1997) and Holt (1998) discussed the application of FST in supplier

2006). . IFWA operator is utilized to aggregate all individual decision makers’ opinions for rating the importance of criteria and the alternatives. Lau. 1986): Intuitionistic fuzzy set introduced by Atanassov (1986) is an extension of the classical FST. mij . In order to do that. knowledge about x is more certain. Liang & Shi. 5 4 ðlAm ðx1 Þ. Finally conclusion of this paper is presented in Section 5. . pA1 ðx1 Þ ð2Þ It is obviously seen that for every x 2 X: 2. Zhang & Fu. 2006. aggregation of expert opinions is very important to appropriately perform evaluation process. A third parameter of IFS is pA(x). . 2. 2005. Intuitionistic fuzzy sets 2 ð1Þ 3 lA1 ðxn Þ. and Tasßkin (2007) presented a fuzzy multi-criteria group decision-making approach to supplier selection based on fuzzy arithmetic operation. . pA1 ðx2 Þ lA ðxÞ lB ðxÞ. Xn} be a set of criteria.. 1994. kk 2 ½0. 2004. . medical diagnosis (De. pAm ðx1 ÞÞ lAm ðx2 Þ. then multiplication operator is deﬁned as follows (Atanassov. . Let A and B are IFSs of the set X. mA1 ðx2 Þ. . vA(x): X ? [0. Xu & Yager. 2007. and Choy (2008) presented fuzzy AHP to efﬁciently tackle both quantitative and qualitative decision factors involved in the selection of global supplier. mAi ðxj Þ. 2008) and pattern recognition (Hung & Yang.. r ij . mA ðx1 Þ. TOPSIS method combined with intuitionistic fuzzy set has enormous chance of success for supplier selection process. . Obviously. 1. the ordinary fuzzy set concept is recovered (Shu. Szmidt & Kacprzyk. pA2 ðx2 Þ lA2 ðxn Þ. If pA(x) is great. k2. Cheng. . Intuitionistic fuzzy sets have been applied many areas such as. when lA(x) = 1 mA(x) for all elements of the universe. 2002. m. Çelebi. k3.E. Chen & Tan. The importance of the decision makers are considered as linguistic terms expressed in intuitionistic fuzzy numbers. Chou and Chang (2008) presented strategy-aligned fuzzy simple multi-attribute rating technique (SMART) approach for solving the supplier selection problem from the perspective of strategic management of the SC. k = {k1. Wang. 2007. Construct aggregated intuitionistic fuzzy decision matrix based on the opinions of decision makers. Vlachos & Sergiadis. all the individual decision opinions need to be fused into a group opinion to construct aggregated intuitionistic fuzzy decision matrix. . known as the intuitionistic fuzzy index or hesitation degree of whether x belongs to A or not pA ¼ 1 lA ðxÞ mA ðxÞ 0 6 pA ðxÞ 6 1 AB¼ lA1 ðx2 Þ. pA ðx1 Þ lA2 ðx2 Þ. & Chang.. In Section 2. Haq and Kannan (2006) presented a structured model for evaluating the supplier selection for the rubber industry using AHP and the model is veriﬁed with the fuzzy AHP. A2. pAm ðx2 Þ lAm ðxn Þ.. 2007b. . 2 . . 2009. . mA ðxÞijx 2 X ð3Þ If the pA(x) is small. . Am} be a set of alternatives and X = {X1. kl} is the weight of each deciPl sion maker and k¼1 kk ¼ 1. 2007a. such that 3. Therefore. which is a suitable way to deal with vagueness. . . 2007c. . Biswas. In Section 4. Li & Cheng. Önüt. a numerical example is demonstrated. 2001. pA1 ðxn Þ 6 7 7 6 6 l ðx1 Þ. pAi ðxj ÞÞði ¼ 1. 2001. . . the procedure for Intuitionistic Fuzzy TOPSIS method has been given as follows: Step 1. Intuitionistic fuzzy sets introduced by Atanassov (1986) are suitable way to deal with this challenge and applied many decision-making problem under uncertain environment. Boran et al. Tiwari. . Assume that decision group contains l decision makers. & Yager. . pAm ðxn Þ . Rest of this paper is organized as follows. knowledge about x is more uncertain. 2005. 2006). mA2 ðx2 Þ. The TOPSIS method considering both positive-ideal and negative-ideal solution is one of the popular methods in multi-attribute decision-making problem. X2. nÞ. The importance of the criteria and the impact of alternatives on criteria provided by decision makers are difﬁcult to precisely express by crisp data in the selection of supplier problem. Szmidt & Kacprzyk. Pasi. In group decision-making problems. r ij Þ ð1Þ ð2Þ ð3Þ ðlÞ ¼ k1 r ij k2 r ij k3 r ij kl r ij " # l l l l k Y k Y k k Y Y ðkÞ k ðkÞ k ðkÞ k ðkÞ k ¼ 1 1 lij . . mk. 2002. & Roy. mAm ðxn Þ. where ð1Þ ð2Þ ðlÞ rij ¼ IFWAk ðr ij . . j ¼ 1. Bayrak. . . 2003. 2003. respectively. mAm ðx2 Þ. Let Dk = [lk. In group decision-making process. Chan. (2006) extended the concept of TOPSIS method to develop a methodology for solving supplier selection problems in fuzzy environment. The aggregated intuitionistic fuzzy decision matrix can be deﬁned as follows: where lA(x). Chen et al. pk] be an intuitionistic fuzzy number for rating of kth decision maker. 2000. mAm ðx1 Þ. mA2 ðxn Þ. decision-making problems (Atanassov. Wang & Xin. . mA ðxÞ þ mB ðxÞ mA ðxÞ mB ðxÞjx 2 X ð4Þ Let A = {A1. mA1 ðx1 Þ. Section 3 presents detailed description of intuitionsitic fuzzy TOPSIS method. Intuitionistic fuzzy set A in a ﬁnite set X can be written as: lA1 ðx1 Þ. . This paper proposes an intuitionistic fuzzy multi-criteria group decision making with TOPSIS method for supplier selection problem. IFWA operator proposed by Xu (2007d) is used. Liu & Wang. and Isßık (2009) developed a supplier evaluation approach based on ANP and TOPSIS methods for the supplier selection. 2004). 7 6 . lA ðxÞ. 1] are membership function and nonmembership function. Xu. pA2 ðxn Þ 7 7 6 A2 2 2 R¼6 7 7 6 . Kumar. 1 lij mij k¼1 k¼1 k¼1 k¼1 ð6Þ Here r ij ¼ ðlAi ðxj Þ. Therefore. Then the weight of kth decision maker can be obtained as: kk ¼ P l lk þ pk and lk lk þmk lk þ pk k¼1 Pl k¼1 kk lk lk þmk ð5Þ ¼ 1. . Step 2. brief description of intuitionistic fuzzy sets is given.11364 F. Hong & Choi. Intuitionistic fuzzy TOPSIS A ¼ hx. ðkÞ Let RðkÞ ¼ ðr ij Þmxn is an intuitionistic fuzzy decision matrix of each decision maker. R = (rij)mxn. Kara. . Determine the weights of decision makers. mA1 ðxn Þ. / Expert Systems with Applications 36 (2009) 11363–11368 0 6 lA ðxÞ þ mA ðxÞ 6 1 selection.

0. .75] [0.90] . 7 7 . max mAi W ðxj Þjj 2 J2 lA W ðxj Þ ¼ min lAi W ðxj Þjj 2 J1 . . pj) (j = 1. . Szmidt and Kacprzyk (2000) and Grzegorzewski (2004). mAm W ðx2 Þ. including the generalizations of Hamming distance. . . 2. Linguistic terms Weight DM1 DM2 DM3 Very important 0. mA2 W ðxn Þ. 1 l m j j j k¼1 k¼1 k¼1 W ¼ w1 . .60) (0. distance measures proposed by Atanassov (1999). pj signed to criterion Xj by the kth decision maker. 0. . 7 . min mAi W ðxj Þjj 2 J2 i i i i lAi W ðxj Þjj 2 J1 . pA W ðx1 Þ 6 A2 W 2 2 0 R ¼6 6 . pAm W ðx1 ÞÞ lAm W ðx2 Þ. n). r 0ij ð10Þ lA W ðxj Þ ¼ max mA W ðxj Þ ¼ min mAi W ðxj Þjj 2 J1 . .50.. m0ij . Si and Si . all the individual decision maker opinions for the importance of each criteria need to hbe fused. . Step 5.60.11365 F. . 0. W represents a set of grades of importance. . Then the weights of the criteria are calculated by using IFWA operator: ð1Þ ð2Þ ðlÞ ð2Þ ð3Þ A ¼ ðlÞ ¼ k1 wj k2 wj k3 wj kl wj " # l l l l k Y kk Y k k Y Y ðkÞ k ðkÞ k ðkÞ k ¼ 1 1 lj . . 7 . mj .50. i ðkÞ ðkÞ ðkÞ ðkÞ be an intuitionistic fuzzy number asLet wj ¼ lj . 0. 0. 1986): ð8Þ and ð9Þ Then the aggregated weighted intuitionistic fuzzy decision matrix can be deﬁned as follows: l ðx1 Þ. In order to measure separation between alternatives on intuitionistic fuzzy set. pA1 W ðxn Þ 3 7 7 lA2 W ðx2 Þ. pA1 W ðx2 Þ r 032 r 033 . r 2m 7 7 .35. . 5 ðlAm W ðx1 Þ. . .90. mA1 W ðx1 Þ. r 3j 7 7 7 . pAm W ðx2 Þ lAm W ðxn Þ. 6 4 r 0i1 Step 3.. In order to obtain W. . 0. After the weights of criteria (W) and the aggregated intuitionistic fuzzy decision matrix are determined. . .20) (0. . Obtain intuitionistic fuzzy positive-ideal solution and intuitionistic fuzzy negative-ideal solution. .. . . .50] [0.00] [0.30] [0. 0. 0. 7 . . mA2 W ðx2 Þ. mAi W ðxj Þ.10.10.. r 0i2 r 0i3 7 . mA W ðxj Þ ð7Þ r 013 r0ij ¼ ðl0ij . 4 . 6 . . pA2 W ðx2 Þ lA2 W ðxn Þ. . / Expert Systems with Applications 36 (2009) 11363–11368 2 .238 Important 0. . . pAi W ðxj ÞÞ is an element of the aggregated weighted intuitionistic fuzzy decision matrix.. . 0.. mA1 W ðxn Þ. . . pA1 W ðx1 Þ 6 A1 W 6 6 l ðx1 Þ. pAm W ðxn Þ Table 1 The importance of decision makers and their weights. Linguistic terms IFNs Extremely good (EG)/extremely high (EH) Very very good (VVG)/very very high (VVH) Very good (VG)/very high (VH) Good (G)/high (H) Medium good (MG)/medium high (MH) Fair (F)/medium (M) Medium bad (MB)/medium low (ML) Bad (B)/low (L) Very bad (VB)/very low (VL) Very very bad (VVB)/very very low (VVL) [1. wj . . 0.90) a IFN Intuitionistic fuzzy number. Determine the weights of criteria.10] [0. mA W ðx1 Þ.40] [0. Then A* and A are obtained as: wj ¼ IFWAk ðwj . 5 r n1 r n2 r n3 . mAm W ðx1 Þ. max lAi W ðxj Þjj 2 J2 mA W ðxj Þ ¼ max mAi W ðxj Þjj 2 J1 . .00.25.. mAm W ðxn Þ.70. 0. the separation measures..20] [0.E. 0. lAi ðxÞ lW ðxÞ. p0ij Þ ¼ ðlAi W ðxj Þ. r 01j lA W ðxj Þ. 6 . mAi ðxÞ þ mW ðxÞ mAi ðxÞ mW ðxÞijx 2 X 2 r 023 where k¼1 pAi W ðxÞ ¼ 1 mAi ðxÞ mW ðxÞ lAi ðxÞ lW ðxÞ þ mAi ðxÞ mW ðxÞ r 022 . respectively.. r nm 2 r011 6 6 r0 6 21 6 6 0 6r R0 ¼ 6 31 6 6 . Let J1 and J2 be beneﬁt criteria and cost criteria. . 0. mj. r33 .40. ... pA2 W ðxn Þ 7 7 7 7 . . 4 lA1 W ðx2 Þ. w3 .75.356 Table 2 Linguistic terms for rating the importance of criteria and the decision makers. Step 4. 0. r 02j 7 7 7 0 7 .45) (0. r 1m 3 r 11 6 6 r 21 6 6 R ¼ 6 r 31 6 . Linguistic terms IFNsa Very important Important Medium Unimportant Very unimportant (0. All criteria may not be assumed to be equal importance. of each alternative from intuitionistic fuzzy posi- n o R W ¼ hx.10. 7 7 5 . wj Here wj = (lj. mA W ðxj Þ and A ¼ lA W ðxj Þ. Construct aggregated weighted intuitionistic fuzzy decision matrix. r 3m 7 7 . w2 . 6 . Table 3 Linguistic terms for rating the alternatives. wj Þ ð1Þ r 012 3 lA1 W ðxn Þ.80.10) (0. Euclidean distance and their normalized distance measures can be used. A* is intuitionistic fuzzy positive-ideal solution and A is intuitionistic fuzzy negative-ideal solution. After selecting the distance measure. Calculate the separation measures..406 Medium 0. .60] [0.. .10] [0. min lAi W ðxj Þjj 2 J2 ð11Þ i ð12Þ i ð13Þ i ð14Þ i Step 6. the aggregated weighted intuitionistic fuzzy decision matrix is constructed according to the following deﬁnition (Atanassov. . 0. Boran et al. . . r 12 r13 r 22 r23 r 32 . mA1 W ðx2 Þ. mðkÞ .90.

375 0. (5) were utilized: 0:9 ¼ 0:406 0:50 þ 0:50 þ 0:05 0:95 0:9 þ 0:75 þ 0:05 0:75 0:95 0:50 0:50 þ 0:05 0:95 ¼ 0:238 ¼ 0:9 þ 0:50 þ 0:05 0:50 þ 0:75 þ 0:05 0:75 0:95 0:95 0:75 þ 0:05 0:75 0:95 ¼ 0:356 ¼ 0:9 þ 0:50 þ 0:05 0:50 þ 0:75 þ 0:05 0:75 0:95 0:95 kDM1 ¼ kDM2 kDM3 Step 2.546 0. Boran et al. Linguistic terms used for the ratings of the decision makers and criteria are given in Table 2.702 0.E.175 0. Importance degree of the decision makers on group decision was shown in Table 1. After the relative closeness coefﬁcient of each alternative is determined.11366 F. Delivery performance. Calculate the relative closeness coefﬁcient to the intuitionistic ideal solution. ﬁve suppliers have remained as alternatives for further evaluation. In this paper. / Expert Systems with Applications 36 (2009) 11363–11368 tive-ideal and negative-ideal solutions are calculated. In order to obtain the weights of the decision makers.300 The ratings given by the decision makers to ﬁve alternatives were shown in Table 4.174 0.074 0. The aggregated intuitionistic fuzzy decision matrix based on aggregation of decision makers’ opinions was constructed as follows: . Rank the alternatives. Suppliers Table 5 The importance weight of the criteria.092 0. Criteria DM1 DM2 DM3 X1 X2 X3 X4 VI I I M VI I I I I I M M Table 6 Separation measures and the relative closeness coefﬁcient of each alternative. Numerical example An automotive company is desired to select the most appropriate supplier for one of the key elements in its manufacturing process. Four criteria are considered as: Decision makers X1 ð17Þ Step 8. we use normalized Euclidean distance (Szmidt & Kacprzyk. In order to evaluate alternative suppliers. Price. Eq.082 0. alternatives are ranked according to descending order of C i ’s. Alternatives S* S C i Alt1 Alt2 Alt3 Alt4 Alt5 0. The relative closeness coefﬁcient of an alternative Ai with respect to the intuitionistic fuzzy positive-ideal solution A* is deﬁned as follows: C i ¼ Si S i þ Si where 0 6 C i 6 1 Table 4 The ratings of the alternatives. vﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃ u X 2 u1 n S ¼ t lAi W ðxj Þ lA W ðxj Þ þ mAi W ðxj Þ mA W ðxj Þ 2 þ pAi W ðxj Þ pA W ðxj Þ 2 2n j¼1 ð15Þ vﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃﬃ u X 2 u1 n S ¼t lAi W ðxj Þ lA W ðxj Þ þ mAi W ðxj Þ mA W ðxj Þ 2 þ pAi W ðxj Þ pA W ðxj Þ 2 2n j¼1 ð16Þ Step 7. a committee composed of three decision makers has been formed.074 0. Procedure for the selection of supplier contains the following steps: Step 1.075 0. 2000) The linguistic terms shown in Table 3 are used to rate each alternative supplier with respect to each criterion by three decision makers. Construct the aggregated intuitionistic fuzzy decision matrix based on the opinions of decision makers. DM1 DM2 DM3 A1 A2 A3 A4 A5 G MG VVG MG F VG G VG G MG G F VG G MG X2 A1 A2 A3 A4 A5 MG F VG F MB G MG G F F MG G VG MG F X3 A1 A2 A3 A4 A5 VG G VG VG G G MG VG G G VG MG G G MG X4 A1 A2 A3 A4 A5 H MH VH H M H M VH MH MH H MH H MH M 4. Determine the weights of the decision makers.110 0. Criteria X1: X2: X3: X4: Product quality. After pre-evaluation. Relationship closeness.131 0.124 0.385 0.

0:267. 859–868. G. Intuitionistic fuzzy interpretations of multi-criteria multi-person and multi-measurement tool decision making. 18(1). 0:103Þ. Forst. S. Obtain intuitionistic fuzzy positive-ideal solution and intuitionistic fuzzy negative-ideal solution. & Tasßkin. Also intuitionistic fuzzy averaging operator was utilized to aggregate opinions of decision makers. ð0:347. M. 46(14). The importance of the criteria represented as linguistic terms were shown in Table 5. Determine the weights of the criteria. Negative and positive separation measures based on normalized Euclidean distance for each alternative were calculated in Table 6. (1997). 42(21). (1993). After intuitionistic fuzzy positive-ideal solution and intuitionistic fuzzy negative-ideal solution were calculated based on the euclidean distance.. Çelebi. 27–34. European Journal of Operational Research. (1983). Step 7. Intuitionistic fuzzy sets. / Expert Systems with Applications 36 (2009) 11363–11368 Step 3. (1999). The alternatives were ranked as Alt3 > Alt1 > Alt2 > Alt4 > Alt5. personnel selection. . & Choy. intuitionistic fuzzy set can be used for dealing with uncertainty in multi-criteria decision-making problems such as project selection. ð0:303. 36(14). 0:422. Vendor selection with price breaks. 54–63. Product quality. M. International Journal of Production Research. 4457–4474. Atanassov. K. Alt3 was selected as appropriate supplier among the alternatives. 0:105Þg Step 6. T. References ð0:530. X2. K. Chaudhry.. relationship closeness and delivery performance are beneﬁt criteria J1 = {X1. W. 0:453. and then ﬁve alternatives were ranked according to descending order of C i ’s. Chan. Journal of Purchasing and Materials Management. R.. W. Heidelberg: Springer. C. Tiwari. Conclusions This study presents a multi-criteria group decision making for evaluation of supplier using intuitionistic fuzzy TOPSIS. Atanassov. 0:200. Bayrak. (2005). R. manufacturing systems. ð0:443... 52–66. Kumar. K. 0:353. 38(1). S. An application of the analytic hierarchy process to the supplier selection problem. International Journal of Production Research. H. (2007). the relative closeness coefﬁcients of alternatives were obtained and alternatives were ranked.. 0:053Þ Step 4. K. 0:606. Production and Inventory Management Journal. 0:550. Intuitionistic fuzzy sets are suitable way to deal with uncertainty. TOPSIS method combined with intuitionistic fuzzy set has enormous chance of success for multi-criteria decision-making problems due to containing vague perception of decision makers’ Step 5. 0:452. the ratings of each alternative with respect to each criterion and the weights of each criterion were given as linguistic terms characterized by intuitionistic fuzzy numbers. Buffa. In the evaluation process.. H. L. Rank the alternatives. A fuzzy approach method for supplier selection.X 4 g 3 ð0:861. 70. K. 87– 96. 0:128. (8) as follows: 11367 5. 19(3). 0:371. 0:294. Integrated model for supplier selection and negotiation in a make-to-order environment.. 20. N.. Lau.X3 . & Jackson. Intuitionistic fuzzy sets. G.E. ð0:585. 0:053Þ 5 ð0:576. (7) to determine the weight of each criterion. A. Calculate the separation measures. M. & Yager. After the weights of the criteria and the rating of the alternatives had been determined. the aggregated weighted intuitionistic fuzzy decision matrix was constructed by utilizing Eq. (1986). 0:117Þ. & Takahashi. Barbarosoglu. S. Y. Atanassov. 2 W fX 1 . 3825–3857.. N. Construct the aggregated weighted intuitionistic fuzzy decision matrix. 0:011Þ T 6 ð0:750. Global supplier selection: A fuzzy-AHP approach. ð0:438. L. T.X2 . Boran et al. Opinions of decision makers on criteria were aggregated using Eq. K. 0:121Þ. Then intuitionistic fuzzy positive-ideal solution and intuitionistic fuzzy negative-ideal solution were obtained as follows: opinions. The relative closeness coefﬁcients were determined. 0:054Þ.F. G. X3} and price is cost criteria J2 = {X4}.. International Journal of Systems Science. (2008). F. F.. P. in future. J.. Cakravastia. A ¼ fð0:731. 0:094Þ. Fuzzy Sets and Systems. F. A goal programming model for purchase planning. 0:050Þ 7 6 7 ¼6 7 4 ð0:680. 0:091Þg A ¼ fð0:484. T. 14–21. T. Production Planning and Control: The Management of Operations. (2004). & Yazgac. Therefore. & Zydiak. and many other areas of management decision problems. 0:109Þ. Pasi. 0:215.

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