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Days It Takes to Sell an Aveo
Arescarcher wishes to cstimate the number of days it takes an automobile dealer to sell
a Chevrolet Aveo. A sample of $0 carshad a mean time on the dealer's lot of $4 days.
Assume the population standard deviationto be 6.0 days. Find the best point estimate of
the population mean and the 95% confidence interval of the population mean.
Sauce Baad nuts oes Per eosin NAW
Solution
‘The best point extimate of the mean is 54 days, For the 95% confidence interval use z=
Re sad Fy) << + sl Fe
60) 60)
54-~ 1.96] Typ] < ws 34 + 1.96 Sep]
S4- LT 29(Clairay
‘Step 2 Find the critical value. Since a = 008 and the test isa right-tailed st, the
critical valueis2 = +165.
Step3 Compute thetest value.
Yap _ 301-29
avn 3830
‘Step 4 Mcke the decision. Since the test value, ~ 1.59, is lass than the critical value,
+1.65, and is notin the evtical region, the decision isto not eeject the null
hypothesis This testis summarized in Figure 8-13.
3
Doan
ope
Rojee
° 15046
‘Step 5 Summarizethe results. Thereis notenough evidence to support the claim
thet the mean time is greater than 29 days.(Cre Value anc
“est Value for
Example 8-13,
Substitute Teachers’ Salaries
[An educator claims thatthe average salary
istriets in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania sles than $60 per day. A randorn
sample of eight school distrits is seleeed, andthe deily seers (in dollars) ere shown,
Is there enough evidence to support the educetor’s claim at a = 0.10?
60 $5 6 SS 70 SS 60 58
Some mints tna,
Solution
‘stop
Step2 Ata
Hey. = $60 and Hf: w < $60 (cairn.
0.10 and ds
1 sthe critical valueis —1415,
‘Stop 3 Tocompute thetest value, the menn and standord deviation must be found.
Using ether the formulas in Chapter 3 or your calculator. ¥ ~ $58.88, and
3.08, you find
“an S0sys ~~
‘Step 4 Do not reject the null hypothesis since ~0.624 falls in the noneritical region,
See Figure 25.
te dee
‘Stop 5 Thereis noc enough evidence to support the educator's elim thatthe average
salary of substitute teachers in Allegheny County is less than S60 per day.“Tre areact Alaska
Ccontainafoftha total
‘zeadithe United
‘States.
Jogger’s Oxygen Uptake
[A physician claims that joggers’ maximal volume oxygen uptake is greater than the
average of all adults, A serple of 15 joggers hes a mean of 40.6 milliliters per kilogram
(nmllkg) and a standard deviation of 6 mi'kg. Ifthe average ofall adultsis 36.7 miikg, is
there enough evidence to support the physician's elaim at a = 0.05?
Solution
‘Stop 1 State the hypotheses and identify the claim.
Hew =367 and Hy: w> 36.7 (claim)
Step 2 Compute thetest value, The test valusis
=p _ 406 ~ 367
an NTS
‘Step 3 Find the P-value. Looking aeross the row with d.f. = 14 in Table F, you
see that 2$17 falls between 2.148 and 2.624, corresponding to a = 0.028
and ai = 0.01 sinoe this isaright-tailed test, Hence, P-value > 0.01 and
Pevalue < 0.025, 0° 0.01 < Pevalue < 0.025. That is, the P-valuc is
some where berween 0.01 and 0.025. (The P-value obtained from a calculator
is 0012.)
‘Step 4 Reject ihe null hypothesis since Pevalue < 0.05 (that is, Povalue Piszie sinictr bee that ie sanded devin of he mur of
people using outpatient surgery per day is grater than 8, A random sample of
15 cays is selected. The date are shown. Ata ~ 0.10, isthere enough evidence to
support the administrator's claim? Assume the variable is normally dseibute.
23 8 Iss
2 6 9 Ww 2
Do 8
Solution
Stop 1 Statethe hypotheses and identify the claim.
Hga7® and Hye >8 (claim)
‘Since the standard devistion is given, it should he squared to get the varianee
‘Step 2 Find thecritical value. Since this tes isright-tailed with ¢.f.of 15 — 1 = 14
and a = 0.10, he critical value is 21.064.
Step 3 Compute the test value. Since raw data are given, the standard deviation of the
sample mast be found by using the formula ia Chapter 3 or your calculator. [t
se 12,
Lea tig _ (is 012
2744
Step4 Make the decision. The decision isto relect the null hypothesis since thetest
value, 27.44, is greater than the critical value, 21,064, and falls in the critical
region. See Figure 8-37.
zines 244
Step 5 Summarize the results. There is enough evidence to support theclaim that the
standard deviation is greater than 8,ead Nicotine Content of Cigarettes
Accigerette manufacturer wishes o test the claim thatthe varionee ofthe nicotine content
of tseigaretes is 0.644, Nicotine conten! is measured in riligrams, ond assume that it
‘S nonmally distriouted. A sample of 20 cigarewas has a standard deviation of 1.00 nil
ligram. At a = 0.08, is there enough evidence o reject the manufacturer's claim?
‘Solution
Stop 1
Critical Vaiues for
Example 25
steps
stop 4
Steps
State the hypotheses and identify the claim.
Hy? = 0544 (claim) and Ho? + 0.644
Find the critical values. Since this tests two-tailed tat ot = 0.05, the
critical values for 0.025 and 0,975 must be found. The degrees of freedom are
19:hence, the critical values are 32.882 and 8.907, respectively. The ertical
cr rejection regions are shown in Figure 8-38,
es
ss
\
tp het ie
=n
Since the standard deviations is given in the problem, it must be squared for
the Formula,
Make the decision. Do not reject the null bypothasis, since the test value als
between the critical values (8.907 < 29.5 € 32.852) and in the noncritical
region, a shown in Figure 8-39.
0.5
( ons
~
ear 285 30882
Summarize the results. There is not enough evidence to reject the
‘manufacturer's claim that the variance of the nicotine content ofthe cigarettes
is equal 100.644.

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