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October 11 13 Cologne, Germany

OperaFOAM (Overset)
Enhancements Verification and
Validation

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Copyright
Group,
2015.
ESI Group,
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2015.
reserved.
All rights reserved.

Outline
Overset Grids
OPErA Overset Parallel Engine for Aerodynamics Applications
Mesh motion sanity check for multiphase flow Comparison of
overlap strategies
NASA Turbulence Modeling Verification and Validation NACA Airfoil
at high angle of attack Comparison with Fluent/StarCCM+ Overset
Sneak Peek at OperaGUI User Interface

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Overset/Overlapping/Chimera Grids
Aerospace :
Flap and slat simulations, missile
deployment, meshing several parts
of an aircraft

OPERA

Offshore and Land :


Rotating bodies with multiple
motions turbine blades, flow past
buildings (Separate mesh for each
building)
Misc:
Diving swimmer

OPERA

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Overset Parallel Engine for Aerodynamics


Applications (OPErA)
Chandar, D.,
Development of a Parallel Overset Grid
Framework for Moving Body Simulations in OpenFOAM, Journal
of Applied Science and Mathematics, 20, 2015.
Chandar, D., Gopalan, H., Nguyen, V.T., and Jaiman, R., Flow
Past Tandem Circular Cylinders at High Reynolds numbers using
Overset Grids in OpenFOAM, AIAA-2015-0315

Kanoria, A., and Chandar, D., Integrating the Stanford


University Unstructured (SU2) code with Overset Grids, AIAA2015-3428
Chandar, D., and Gopalan, H., Comparative Analysis of the
AMI, GGI and Overset Methods in OpenFOAM, AIAA-2016-3324

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Mesh Motion Sanity Check for Multiphase Flow


Grid 0 ( Inner )
Air

Water

Grid 1 ( Background )

Grid 0 rotates about its origin ~ 6.28 rad/s


No flow Air and water stagnant
Can mesh motion introduce artifacts ? ( due to overset interpolation)

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InterDyMFoam Run 1
Mesh resolution in the overlap region is acceptable ~

~1.5

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InterDyMFoam Run 1
Mesh resolution in the overlap region is acceptable ~

~1.5

Disable volume based overlap on grid0 mesh.

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InterDyMFoam Run 1
Mesh resolution in the overlap region is acceptable ~

~1.5

Crude Edge Based Overlap Strategy Compare edge lengths for overlap
priority instead of volumes

vb

vr

May happen that vb > vr


so cell(vb) solves
Instead use edge lengths

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InterDyMFoam Run 2
Mesh resolution in the overlap region is unacceptable ~

Default Volume based

Edge(y) based

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NASA Turbulence Model Verification Case


NACA 4412, 13.87 deg, Re 1.52 M
Single and Overset Meshes (PLOT3D)
http://cfl3d.larc.nasa.gov/Cfl3dv6/cfl3dv6_testcases.html#airbox
Outer boundary at 20 chords, 1st cell height ~ 2x10-5c
SST Turbulence model with 0.086% turbulence intensity

Cases executed using the following solvers

OpenFOAM Single Mesh


OpenFOAM - Overset(OperaFOAM)
ANSYS Fluent Single and Overset (Coupled Solver)
StarCCM+ - Single and Overset (Coupled Solver)
Convergence when 10-5 Cd does not vary in 100 iterations.

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PLOT3D Meshes

Single Mesh

Grid 2

Grid 1

Grid 0

Overset Meshes
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Overlap Comparison

OPERA

StarCCM+

ANSYS Fluent

PEGASUS(NASA)
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Force Comparisons

Difference between single and overset ~ 25 drag counts ( 1 dc = 0.0001 Cd) except for CFL3D case
All solutions fall within 50 drag counts
Convergence is not understood
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Convergence

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Pressure distribution
All curves coalesce and
deviate from
experimental results by
the same amount

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Velocity Profiles

x/c= 0.62

x/c= 0.731

x/c= 0.675

x/c= 0.786

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Opera GUI Demonstration

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Recent Developments Compressible solver


operaTransonicSteadyFoam

Currently developing Implicit Compressible Solver

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THANK YOU

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