Validation of AcuSolve for

Aerodynamics of Lifting

gov/naca0012_val. www. L.html  Ladson. N. October 1988  Gregory. L." NASA R&M 3726." NASA TM 4074. Jan 1970 2 Copyright 2010 ACUSIM Software. Goal is to validate AcuSolve for external aerodynamics applications  NACA 0012 has been studied in depth both numerically and experimentally  AcuSolve results will be compared against:  “Accepted” CFD simulations using other software  Available test data  References . Inc. and O'Reilly.. C.larc. "Effects of Independent Variation of Mach and Reynolds Numbers on the Low-Speed Aerodynamic Characteristics of the NACA 0012 Airfoil Section.acusim. All rights reserved.. C. including the Effects of Upper-Surface Roughness Simulation Hoar Frost.nasa. "Low-Speed Aerodynamic Characteristics of NACA 0012 Aerofoil Sections.

M=.20  Fully turbulent  Results of interest  Lift coefficient  Drag coefficient  Pressure coefficient 3 Copyright 2010 ACUSIM Software.acusim. All rights reserved.15  Angles of attack investigated:  -4 .com .0e6  Incompressible flow  For compressible cases. Simulation Conditions  NACA 0012 airfoil geometry  Blunt trailing edge  Re = 6. Inc. www.

 NACA 0012 airfoil geometry constructed using acuBuildFoil (GONE script)  Chord = 1.acusim.002*chord  Bounding cylinder diameter = 500*chord  Span = 50*chord (2-d flowfield simulation)  Surface tagging used to identify faces for boundary condition application/meshing  Enables automated set-up of simulations 4 Copyright 2010 ACUSIM Software. Inc.0  Trailing edge thickness = .com . All rights reserved. www.

www. Inc.Farfield Airfoil Walls Symmetry Surface Name Farfield Symmetry Airfoil Walls 5 Boundary Condition Description Arbitrary inflow/outflow If inflow: velocity = fixed eddy viscosity = 1x molecular If outflow: pressure=0.0 Symmetry constraints No-slip walls Copyright 2010 ACUSIM . All rights reserved.

02*chord = -.2 Leading/trailing edge mesh size = .001*chord = .aoa=0) Boundary layer growth rate 1.001*chord Surface mesh size at center chord: .0 for Re=6.02*chord  Perimeter edges of airfoil meshed using the following expression (assuming airfoil centered at x=0): sizeMin sizeMax xMin xMax xCenter dx fac power meshSize 6 = .0e6.75e-6*chord (Y+~=1. Inc.5*chord  Base size = .5*chord = .3 Boundary layer num layers = 28 Number of elements across trailing edge height = 8 Far field mesh size = 100.5*chord = (xMin+xMax)/2 = (xMax-xMin)/2 = (dx – abs(x-xCenter))/dx = ln(sizeMax/sizeMin) = sizeMin*exp(power*fac) Copyright 2010 ACUSIM Software. www.02*chord Boundary layer first layer height = 1. All rights reserved.000*chord Simple Region Of Influence used up to a distance of . All meshing performed using AcuMeshSim           Extrusion used to produce a single element in the span Mesh growth rate = 1.

com . Inc. can be reduced 7 Copyright 2010 ACUSIM Software. All rights reserved. Total number of nodes = 97.acusim.635  Some optimization capability on model size. www.

Inc. All rights reserved.acusim. www. Drag Coefficient vs. Angle of Attack 8 Copyright 2010 ACUSIM .

Angle of Attack 9 Copyright 2010 ACUSIM Software. All rights reserved. www. Inc. Lift Coefficient .

Lift Coefficient 10 Copyright 2010 ACUSIM Software. www. All rights reserved. Drag Coefficient . Inc.acusim.

com . Pressure Coefficient – alpha = 0 11 Copyright 2010 ACUSIM Software. All rights reserved. Inc.acusim. www. .acusim. Inc. All rights reserved. Pressure Coefficient – alpha = 10 12 Copyright 2010 ACUSIM Software.

www. Inc. All rights reserved. Pressure Coefficient – alpha = 15 13 Copyright 2010 ACUSIM .

com . All rights reserved. www. AcuSolve results agree very well with both experimental data and other simulations  AcuSolve simulations run on unstructured meshes  Extensive mesh sensitivity study performed to show that AcuSolve SA results are within 2% of complete grid convergence 14 Copyright 2010 ACUSIM Software. Inc.acusim.