President and Director of the district court – the range of competences

and co-management of the court.

Court directors have been present in the Polish courts since 2001. On the 1st January
of 2013 there was the amendment to the laws which changed the status of the director of the
organizational structure, responsibilities and relations with the president of the court.
Changing these regulations has introduced a precise division of competences between the
director and the president. Changes to these legislations aimed at introducing a managerial
model of management in the judiciary.
According to the current legislation - the director of the court is chosen in the district
court in which there are at least 10 posts for judges.
Administrative activities of the district court is divided into:
1. Providing appropriate technical and organizational conditions and financial
functioning of the court and the performance of its duties - which belong to the
competences of the director of the court, who is the official superior to the court staff
with the exception of judges, court referendaries and assistants. The director, however,
has to act in consultation with the presdent in case of appropriate distribution of
official posts in the court.
Director of the court has competences in management and finance, and is responsible
for ensuring the smooth functioning of infrastructure and the court, and the effective
management of staff, and therefore the responsibility for ensuring the judges
conditions for efficient performance of their work.
Director represents the State Treasury in relation to the entrusted property and the
duties of the court.
2. Ensuring the proper conduct of the internal offices of the court, which belongs to the
competence of the president of the court. The presidents of courts are responsible for
ensuring, through appropriate management of the work of judges, court referendaries
and assistants of judges, the quality of the core business of the court - and, above all,
the administration of justice. Releasing the presidents of courts from administrative
duties, enables them to focus on managing the core business of the court, and so called
the judicial function and the work with judges, and the remaining staff at large
adjudicative division. President shall be the superior of all judges, court referendaries.
and assistants of the court, analysis the case law in the administered court in terms of
its level of uniformity and informs judges about the results of this analysis.
President directs the court and represents it before third parties except for matters
within the competences of the director of the court. President of the court, being the
official superior of the court director (subject to subordination concerning the disposal
of the budget), executes in respect of him activities in the field of labor law, with the
exception of actions reserved for the minister of justice, and at least once a year,
determines the needs of the court necessary to ensure the conditions for the proper
functioning and the efficient performance of the court jurisprudence tasks.
President of the court has no right to issue instructions to the Director in the areas of
exclusive competence of the Director and in terms of its subordination in relation to
the justice minister and director of the Court of Appeal.

Directors were chosen in the competitions. The draft of amendments suggests the transition to the model of chosing them by the Minister of Justice. The authors of the changes are of the opinion that since the directors have a public finance in part provided to courts of law. . they should come under the sovereignty of the Minister of Justice. So far.Currently there are plans to change regulations concerning the director of the court. who is a member of the Government and is responsible for public finances.