ANTENNA

1. Antenna has an inductance of 2 uH and a capacitance of 15 pF. Determine (a) the
resonant frequency to which the antenna is tuned; (b) the new capacitance value needed to
tune the antenna at 50 MHz, and (c) the value of the required series capacitance.
GIVEN:
L = 2µH
C =15pf
f = 50MHz

REQ’D:
a. fr

b. C

c. C’

SOL’N:
a.

fr =

b. fr =

c.

1

=

2 π √ LC
1
2 π √ LC

1
2 π √ (2 µH )(15 pf )
1
2
4π fr √L

;C=

1 1
1
= +
C C ' 15 pF

2

=

= 29MHz

1
2
4 π (50 MHz) √ 2 µH
2

= 5.07 pf

; C’ = 7.66 Pf

2. A 300 Ω antenna is operating with 5 A of current. Determine the radiated power.
GIVEN:
R = 300 Ω
I = 5A

Prad

REQ’D:

SOL’N:
Prad = I2R
Prad = (5A)2(300 Ω)

Prad = 7500W

3. Determine the effective radiated power if the transmitter output power is 200 W,
transmission line loss is 20 W and antenna power gain is 5.
GIVEN:
Po = 200W
Loss = 20W
G=5

ERP

REQ’D:
SOL’N:
ERP = PoG
ERP = (200-20)(5)
ERP = 900W

4. Determine the EIRP on an antenna with a power gain of 43 dB and radiated power of
200W.
GIVEN:
G(dB) = 43dB
Prad = 200W

REQ’D:
EIRP

SOL’N:
EIRP = 10log (200W) + 43 dB
EIRP = 68.16dB
5. Determine the effective isotropic radiated power for an antenna with directivity = 33 dB,
efficiency = 82%, and input power = 100W.

5 uW/m2 REQ’D: D(dB) SOL’N: D(dB) = PD Pref = 10log(2 uW/m2 / 0.5 uW/m2) D(dB)= 6. GIVEN: PD = 2 uW/m2 Pref = 0. and directivity = 16 dB. Determine the power density at a point 30 km from the antenna that has input power = 40 W.611 kW 6.26 EIRP = PradD = (82 W)(1995.26) EIRP = 163.3 = 1995. efficiency = 75%. GIVEN: r = 30 km Pin = 40 W Ƞ = 75% D = 16 dB REQ’D: PD SOL’N: PD = PtGt 4 πr 2 = (40 W)(0.5 uW/m2 at the same point.82)(100 W) = 82 W D= 103.81)/4π(30000m2) PD = 105.GIVEN: D = 33 dB Ƞ = 82 % Pin = 100 W REQ’D: EIRP SOL’N: Ƞ= Prad pin Prad = (0.02 dB .599 nW/m2 7.75)(39. Determine the directivity in dB of an antenna that produces power density of 2 uW/m 2 at a point when the reference antenna produces 0.

What is the change in gain? GIVEN: Fop = 1 2 F λ op = λ REQ’D: Change in G SOL’N: G= 15 NS(πD )2 λ3 2 G2/G1 = 15 NS(πD ) λ 23 2 15 NS(πD ) / λ 13 = λ3/.02) AFB = 10.5 λ3 G= 800 11. GIVEN: N = 8 turns S = 0. transmission line loss of 50 W and antenna power gain is 3? GIVEN: Pout = 1000 W Loss = 50 W G=3 REQ’D: ERP SOL’N: ERP = (Pin)(G) = (1000-50)(3) W ERP= 2850 W 9. What is the ERP of a TV broadcast station if the output of the transmitter is 1000 W. A helical antenna of 8 turns is to be constructed for a frequency of 1. GIVEN: PF = 7 dB PB = -3 dB REQ’D: AFB SOL’N: AFB = 10log( pF ¿ pB = 10log(10. Calculate the front-to-back ratio for an antenna with forward gain of 7 dB and a reverse gain -3 dB. Calculate the optimum diameter and spacing for the antenna and find the total length of the antenna. A helical antenna is operated at twice its original frequency.2 GHz.8.009dB 10. So the new λ is ½ the previous λ.05m fo = 500MHz .

8 dB .05)(0.25m 4 = 0.1 m.5m 12. ℓ=0.1π)2 / (3x108m/s / 500x106) = 3.REQ’D: D.05 m f = 500 MHz REQ’D: G. ℓ SOL’N: λ= c = fo S= λ 4 3 x 108 m/s cycles (1.6 m) ( 1 /2 ) Θ = 108.35 dB Θ= ¿ 52 λ NS ( πD ) λ 1 /2 ( ) 52(0.05 m. Θ SOL’N: G= 15 NS(πD )2 λ3 = (15)(10)(0. S = 0.25 π D=7. What are the gain and beamwidth for a dish with D = 20λ? GIVEN: D = 20λ REQ’D: G Θ SOL’N: G = 6(D/ λ)2 = 6(20)2 = 2400 = 33.96cm .42 G(dB) = 5. F = 500 MHz. GIVEN: D = 0.6 m) (10)(0. S = 6.05 m) ( π ) (0. Determine the power gain and beamwidth for an end-fire helical antenna with the following specifications: D = 0.25cm .1 m) (0.792o 13.1 m N = 10 S = 0.2 )(10 9) sec = 0.25 D = λ π = 0. ℓ = NS. N = 10.

60( 2 ¿¿ ¿ ¿2 D= √ c f = 3 X 108 300 X 106 λ = 1m 106 2 0.59% Prad = ȠPIN = (0.λ= G=Ƞ( . and (c) power radiated from the antenna. Prad SOL’N: Rrad = Ƞ= P¿ 2 I = R rad R rad + R r 100 W . For an antenna with input power of 100 W. and directivity gain is 200.4 Ω D = 200 REQ’D: Ƞ SOL’N: .8 Ω. in wavelengths and in meters. GIVEN: PIN = 100W I = 2Arms Rr = 2Ω REQ’D: Rrad. Ƞ. (b) antenna’s efficiency. How large a dish diameter.60 π D = 410. RMS current = 2 A. is needed for a 60 dB gain at 300 MHz? GIVEN: G = 60dB f = 300MHz REQ’D: D SOL’N: πD πD 6 λ λ . Ƞ=92. and effective resistance = 2Ω. determine (a) antenna’s radiation resistance.4 Ω. GIVEN: Rr = 18.5o 14.9259)(100W) Prad = 92. = 10 = 0. Rrad = 25 Ω 22 = 25 25+ 2 x 100.8 Ω Ro = 0.59W 16. Determine the efficiency of an antenna with radiation resistance 18.94m 15. effective resistance 0.Θ = 70(λ/D) = 70(1/20) Θ = 3.

75pW 18. Two λ/2 dipole are separated by 50 km.05m d2 = τ d1 = (0. GIVEN: REQ’D: f = 100-300MHz LPA Design τ = 0.001) + 2.5m d1 = (0. Calculate the power received.21m .9 % 17.7)(1.1)(3m) d1 = 0.5m) ℓ2 = 1.3m ℓ2 = τ ℓ = (0.8 + 0.1) (λ1 ) = (0.15 EIRPdBm = 44.4 *100 Ƞ = 97.64)(1.001 +10logDt = ERP + 2.3) d2 = 0. Use τ= 0.45 dBm 19.8 / 18.7 and α= 30o. Design a log periodic antenna to cover the frequency range from 100 to 300 MHz. The ERP of a transmitting station is specified as 17 W in a given direction.7)(0.64)(2.Ƞ= Rr Rr + Ro = 18. Express this as an EIRP in dBm.7 α = 30o SOL’N: For the length of the 1st and last element: ℓ= λ1 2 8 = (3 x 10 )/(100 MHz) 2 ℓ =1. They are aligned for optimum reception. GIVEN: ERP = 17 W REQ’D: EIRP in dBm SOL’N: EIRPdBm = 10log( Prad ¿ 0. The transmitter fed its antenna with 10 W at 144 MHz.15 dB = 10log(17/0.08) 16 π 2 (50 km)2 = Pr = 295. GIVEN: r = 50 km Pt = 10 W f = 144MHz REQ’D: Pr SOL’N: Pr = PtGtGrλ2 16( πr )2 2 = (10 W )(1.

38 cm . The frequency will be approximately: fo = 3 x 108 m/ s λ = 3 x 108 m/ s 39. An antenna has a beam width of 3 degrees.14 dB Θ= 52 λ NS ( πD ) λ 1 /2 ( ) = 52(3) / ( π )((10)(0.7 cm. First.5m 20.7cm) = 39.12 G = 16. in dB. What are the gain. 10 turns at pitch of λ/4 used at 100 MHz (λ= 3 m)? GIVEN: D = λ/3 N = 10 S = λ/4 f = 100 MHz λ= 3 m REQ’D: G Θ SOL’N: 2 G= 15 NS(πD ) λ3 = (15)(10)(. Calculate the operating frequency for a helical antenna that consists of 10 turns with a spacing of 10 cm and a diameter of 12.75)( π )2 / (3x108m/s / 100x106) G = 41. GIVEN: N = 10 turns S = 10cm D = 12. fo = 752MHz 22.ℓ3 = λ3 2 8 == (3 x 10 )/(300 MHz) 2 . and four times this value yields 40cm. and the spacing is ¼ λ for this type if antenna.7 cm REQ’D: fo SOL’N: The circumference of the turns is about one λ. and beam width of the helical antenna with diameter = λ/3.41o 21. Estimate its gain. calculating the wavelength: λ = πD = π(12.89cm The spacing between the coils is ¼ λ.75))1/2 Θ = 31. ℓ3 = 0. .

GIVEN: B = 2o f = 12GHz REQ’D: D SOL’N: 8 λ= 3 x 10 m/ s 12 GHz B = 70( = 2. 2 =(70)( ) D D D = 8. A parabolic antenna has a diameter of 3 m. Calculate the minimum diameter of a parabolic antenna with a beam width of 2 degrees at a frequency of 12 GHz.65~35.5cm λ 2. Calculate its beam width and gain in dB.71 mm ¿ ¿2 G = 3226. GIVEN: D = 3m Ƞ = 60% fo = 4GHz REQ’D: ϴ. G(dB) SOL’N: .75cm 24.71 mm λ ¿ = 25cm ¿ = 70( ϴ 3O Assume a typical efficiency of 60%: πD λ G=Ƞ( 2 ¿¿ π (25 cm) = (0. an efficiency of 60 % and operates at a frequency of 4 GHz.5 cm o ¿ .08dB 23.71mm λ ¿ D 10.6) ( 10.GIVEN: REQ’D: ϴ = 3o G SOL’N: Assume a small dish operation: fo = 28 GHz λ= c fo ϴ = 70( D = 70( = 3 x 108 m/ s 28 GHz = 10.

94Db G = 99485. 64 mm ϴO = 2(229.025m G = 6217.850773 / 37.7 at 3 GHz and at 12 GHz.λ= 3 x 102 m/ s 4 GHz = 75mm 75 mm ¿ πD ¿ ( Ƞ)( 2 ) = (0.02dB + 2. GIVEN: D = 64mm fo = 1430MHz REQ’D: ϴ3dB.1m λ = 0.948m2 Aef = 4. G SOL’N: λ ϴ3dB = 70( D ¿ .60)( (¿ 2¿) G= λ π (3 m) ¿ = 1005.45O ϴO = 458. assuming even illumination.9790cm 1430 MHz ϴ3dB = 70( 20. G = 6( λ= D λ ¿ ¿2 3 x 108 m/ s =¿ 20. A 64 mm diameter parabolic reflector fed by a non-directional antenna is used at 1430 MHz.9790 cm ¿ .45o). ϴ3dB = 229.61236 / 49. Calculate the effective area of a 3 m dish with an efficiency of 0.7 f1 = 3GHz.15dB G(dBi) = 32.92o .17dB 25. GIVEN: D = 3m Ƞ = 0.98dB Aef = 4. ϴO. Aeff = G( 4π @ f1: @ f2: λ = 0. Calculate the beam width between half power points and between nulls and the power gain with respect to a half-wave dipole. ϴO = 2ϴ3dB. f2 = 12GHz REQ’D: Aeff @ f1 and f2 SOL’N: πD λ G = Ƞ( ¿ ¿2 λ2 ¿ .31 G(dB) = 10logG G(dB) = 30.948m2 26.9o ~ 98.

A point-to-point system operates over a distance of 20 km at a frequency of 26 GHz. The antenna is each of diameter 90 cm. G = 0. Find the gain of a pyramidal horn whose dimensions are 12 cm wide and 10 cm high.5 d h d h λ = 2 3 x 108 m/ s 10 GHz = 3cm 7.15 cm 2 ¿¿ ¿ ¿2 = 33073. The operating frequency is assumed to be 10 GHz. Estimate the beam width of the antenna deployed and the power received if the transmit power is 20 dBm. ϴ3dB = 0.5584. PR SOL’N: ϴ3dB = 70( λ ¿ D 3 x 10 8 ϴ3dB = 70( 26 GHz ¿ .64 mm G = 6( 20.724 .897o 90 cm PR = Prad GT GR λ 2 16 π 2 r 2 D 90 cm G = 6( λ = 6( 1.5584 27.77dB 28. GIVEN: r = 20km fo = 26GHz D = 90cm Prad = 20dBm REQ’D: ϴ3dB. GIVEN: REQ’D: d = 12cm × 12cm G fo = 10GHz SOL’N: G= λ G= 7.9790 cm ¿ ¿2 = 0.5 (12cm)(10 cm) 2 (3 cm) G = 3 ~ 4.

Prad(dBm) = 10 log 20 dB m 1 mW = 0.1)¿ ¿ PR = 229. how much power will be transmitted into free space? GIVEN: Ro = 72Ω Vo = 100V Ri = 72Ω Re = 72Ω Ƞ=1 SOL’N: I= V O 100 V = =1.1W 33073. output of 100 V is connected via a matched line to an antenna whose input resistance is 72 W.m.39 W Prad REQ’D: . Assuming that the antenna is 100% efficient at the operating frequency.s. Its radiation resistance is also 72 W.02nW ~ 36.4dBm 29.150 m ¿ PR = ¿ ¿2 (0.724 ¿ ¿ 1.39 A RO 72 Ω Re = P rad I2 Prad =I 2 R e= (1. A transmitter with an output resistance of 72 W and an r.39 A )2 (72 Ω) Prad =138.