MOHAMMED DARWIS HAIKAL BIN

JAMALUDDIN 1316257
Syria crisis: Quick facts1


12 million Syrians have fled their homes because of conflict; half are children.
4 million Syrians are refugees; most are in Turkey, Lebanon, and Jordan.
Children affected by the Syrian conflict are at risk of becoming ill, malnourished, abused, or

exploited. Millions have been forced to quit school.
More than 700,000 Syrian refugees and other migrants risked their lives this year to travel to
Europe.

Why Syrians are fleeing: Three reasons
 Violence : Since the Syrian civil war began, more than 240,000 people have been killed, including
12,000 children. One million more have been wounded or permanently disabled.
The war has become more deadly since foreign powers joined the conflict.
Collapsed infrastructure : Within Syria, healthcare, education systems, and other infrastructure have
been destroyed; the economy is shattered. An estimated 4.8 million people are in areas of Syria that are
difficult to access because of the conflict. It’s hard for aid groups to reach them.

Syrian children — the nation’s hope for a better future — have lost loved ones, suffered injuries,
missed years of schooling, and witnessed violence and brutality. Warring parties forcibly recruit
children to serve as fighters, human shields, and in support roles, according to the U.S. State
Department.

Current development.
Some countries have done more to help refugees than others. The top three host countries —
Turkey, Pakistan, and Lebanon — are now home to 30% of refugees worldwide. The top 10 host
countries harbor 57% of all refugees. Using data from the United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR),
these are the countries hosting the most refugees.2
Turkey is hosting more than 1.9 million Syrian refugees. Iraq, facing its own armed conflict, is
hosting about 250,000 Syrians. More than 1.1 million refugees are in Lebanon. Many have taken up
residence there in communities’ abandoned buildings, sheds, spare rooms, garages, and in tent
settlements on vacant land. Conditions are often crowded and unsanitary. Even so, families struggle to

1 http://www.worldvision.org/news-stories-videos/syria-war-refugee-crisis#sthash.SeA2i6Xe.dpuf
2

10 Countries Sheltering the Most Refugees - 24/7 Wall St. http://247wallst.com/specialreport/2015/09/21/10-countries-sheltering-the-most-refugees/#ixzz3sUbJZoia

The Commission's philanthropic help gives safe drinking water.996 children below the age of 18. the EU and its Member States swore €1. and other ethnicities from Myanmar. Amid the Third International Pledging Conference for Syria in Kuwait in March 2015.563 Rohingyas. There are some 10. as of end March 2014.396 Mon. Azraq. 776 Iraqis. The European Commission's helpful guide is supporting more than 1. and about 23.700 live in another camp. However. 133.139 Somalis. comprising some 51. and others from other countries. . a camp near the northern border with Syria. About 630. there are some 143. 7. 319 Afghans.1 billion – the biggest vow by any giver – in compassionate and advancement help to the Syria emergency. 1.15 million Syrian evacuees with the procurement of life-sparing wellbeing help and medicinal consideration including immunization projects of childrens. 5. mostly with host families or in rented accommodations. About 80.216 Sri Lankans.435 refugees and asylum-seekers registered with UNHCR in Malaysia. UNHCR believes that there are some 35. while 30% are women.000 unregistered asylum-seekers. specifically Lebanon and Jordan. including some 4. where World Vision set up much of the water and sanitation system. 35. 3. Some 70% of refugees and asylum-seekers are men. Half of the Commission's compassionate help goes to quick life-sparing crisis philanthropic operations inside Syria.070 are from Myanmar. who UNHCR is progressively working to register. giving prompt assets to helpful associations working inside Syria and in the neighboring displaced person facilitating nations. There are also a large number of persons of concern to UNHCR who remain unregistered. which included €1 billion in subsidizing more than 2015/16. This extra subsidizing will go towards tending to the deficit in financing for the Syria emergency. advancement. to upgrade life-sparing help to individuals in need.pay rent for these spaces.2 billion of aggregate spending plan assembled by the Commission and Member States all things considered in philanthropic. 5. 902 Syrians.764 Myanmar Muslims. procurements of sustenance. monetary and adjustment help. 11. The European Union is a main benefactor in the reaction to the Syria emergency with over €4. As part of UNHCR’s ongoing data gathering and analysis.000 refugees have settled in Jordan.000 live in Za’atari. There are some 29. An EU far reaching procedure was at that point propelled not long ago to handle the emergencies in Syria and Iraq.623 Burmese & Bamars.845 Chins. in Malaysia. tyke security exercises and crisis things to individuals inside Syria needing compassionate help.218 Kachins. the Commission declared that it will allcocate €133 million to address needs inside Syria and in addition the needs of Syrian displaced people and host groups in neighboring nations. In November. sanitation and cleanliness.828 Rakhine.365 refugees and asylum-seekers from other countries.

apply to all refugees.” . This protection may not be claimed by refugees who are reasonably regarded as a danger to the security of the country. The circumstance of evacuees is troublesome as an aftereffect of their absence of authority status. . The 1951 Refugee Convention and its 1967 Protocol help protect them. A refugee becomes entitled to other rights the longer they remain in the host country. religion. displaced people offer living spaces in gatherings of up to 40 individuals or all the more. but the cost of treatment and refugees’ irregular income make healthcare unaffordable to many refugees. a refugee should not be returned to a country where he or she faces serious threats to his or her life or freedom. as a minimum. owing to a well. Their children do not have access to formal instruction. which is based on the recognition that the longer they remain as refugees. There are no displaced person camps in Malaysia. They tend to work in employments that the local population do not wish to take (the 3D occupations: messy. owing to such fear.1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees. the same treatment as nationals.founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race. is outside the country of his nationality and is unable or. nationality. living in minimal effort pads or lodging zones next to each other with nearby Malaysian homes in urban areas and residential areas. membership of a particular social group or political opinion. in many cases. or having been convicted of a particularly serious crime. the same standards of treatment enjoyed by other foreign nationals in a given country and. some children are able to attend community-run learning centres and learning centres set up by UNHCR and NGO partners. are considered a danger to the community.The various refugees communities are scattered all through Malaysia. troublesome). Who are they (refugees)? “A refugee is a person who. Article 1(a)(2). Rather. living generally in the Klang Valley. Some basic rights. The cornerstone of the 1951 Convention is the principle of nonrefoulement. The 1951 Convention contains a number of rights and also highlights the obligations of refugees towards their host country. They have no access to lawful legal employment. refugees deserve. However. According to this principle. risky what's more. including the right to be protected from refoulement. They are the only global legal instruments explicitly covering the most important aspects of a refugee’s life. A few managers abuse their critical circumstance by paying to a great degree low or no wages by any means. They are able to access healthcare facilities in Malaysia. According to their provisions. What is the law governing them (refugees)? Refugees are among the most vulnerable people in the world. the more rights they need. unwilling to avail himself of the protection of that country.

more than any other UN nation and the refugees who seeks fo asylum feel more safer in Germany.uk/news/article-3232234/Germany-s-refugee-inferno-disturbing-dispatch-dark-echoespast-nation-divides-influx-foreigners. September 9. According to the BBC.they will take 200 Christian Syrians. How The World Is Reacting. providing buses to take thousands of marchers determined to reach Germany on foot on the weekend.5 metre high wall on the border with Serbia to keep migrants out. not Muslims. wanting them to register in their arrival country. It has vowed to close its southern border by September 15. refugees do not choose to leave their countries.000 refugees.html . Slovakian Interior Ministry spokesman Ivan Netik said Muslims would not be accepted because they would not feel at home. 2015 4 http://www.The difference migrants and refugees. Unlike migrants.3 Germany .Germany is expecting to receive 800. Economic migrants do not fall within the criteria for refugee status and are therefore not entitled to benefit from international protection as refugees.The country has accepted 12. Slovakia .co.dailymail. At first Hungary tried to keep migrants from moving on to other countries. It soon relented.4 Finland .000 migrants have entered Hungary this year. Austria .000 migrants this year. 3 The Sydney Morning Herald world. a former telecom executive. The key difference between economic migrants and refugees is that economic migrants enjoy the protection of their home countries. they are compelled to do so because serious discrimination in their home countries. Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban appears to be opposed to allowing Muslim migrants into his country claiming the crisis threatens Europe's prosperity.More than 140. refugees do not. It is building a 3. but is seeking to reduce the influx. serious public disorder and other complex human rights issues. Economic migrants are persons who leave their countries to seek material improvements in their lives. offered his spare house to host a refugee family from 2016 in proving that the refugees are welcome there. under the UN's distribution of 40.Finnish Prime Minister Juha Sipila. Hungary .000 migrants. armed conflict. identity and "Christian values".