Carbon copy

For other uses, see Carbon copy (disambiguation).
copy paper is often used to the same effect.
In the past, a carbon copy was the under-copy of a doc- It is still common for a business letter to include, at the
end, a list of names preceded by the abbreviation “CC”,
indicating that the named persons are to receive copies of
the letter, even though carbon paper is no longer used to
make the copies.
An alternative etymology is that “c:" was used for copy
and “cc:" indicates the plural, just as “p.” means page
and “pp.” means pages. This alternative etymology explains the frequent usage of “c:" when only one recipient
is listed, while “cc:" is used for two or more recipients of
the copies. This etymology can also explain why, even
originally, “cc:" was used to list recipients who received
typed copies and not necessarily carbon copies.[2]
The term “carbon copy” can be used in reference to anything that was a near duplicate of an original ("...and you
A copy made with carbon paper
want to turn him into a carbon copy of every fourth-rate
conformist in this frightened land!", Heinlein, Stranger in
ument created when carbon paper was placed between a Strange Land).
the original and the under-copy during the production of
a document.[1] With the advent of email, the abbreviations cc or bcc (blind carbon copy) have also come to refer 1.1 Use as a verb
to sending copies of an electronic message to recipients
other than the addressee.
Carbon copy can be used as a transitive verb with the
Nowadays “carbon copy” is often used metaphorically to meaning described under e-mail below related to the CC
refer simply to an exact copy. It is not to be confused field of an e-mail message. That is, to send the meswith the carbon print family of photographic reproduc- sage to additional recipients beyond the primary recipient. It is common practice to abbreviate the verb form,
tion processes.
and many forms are acceptable, including cc and cc:.
Past tense forms in use are CCed, cc'd, cc'ed, cc-ed and
cc:'d.[3] Present participle or imperfect forms in use in1 Use
clude cc'ing. One authoritative source uses cc, cc'd and
cc'ing, respectively.[4]
A sheet of carbon paper is placed between two or more
sheets of paper. The pressure applied by the writing implement (pen, pencil, typewriter or impact printer) to the
top sheet causes pigment from the carbon paper to make 2 E-mail
a similar mark on the copy sheet(s). More than one copy
can be made by stacking several sheets with carbon paper See also: Blind carbon copy
between each pair. Four or five copies is a practical limit.
The top sheet is the original and each of the additional In e-mail, the abbreviation CC indicates those who are
sheets is called a carbon copy.
to receive a copy of a message addressed primarily to
another (CC is the abbreviation of carbon copy). The
list of recipients in copy is visible to all other recipients
of the message. An additional BCC (blind carbon copy)
field is available for hidden notification; recipients listed
in the BCC field receive a copy of the message, but are not
shown on any other recipient’s copy (including other BCC
recipients). It is considered good practice to indicate to

The use of carbon copies declined with the advent of
photocopying and electronic document creation and distribution (word processing). Carbon copies are still
sometimes used in special applications: for example, in
manual receipt books which have a multiple-use sheet of
carbon paper supplied, so that the user can keep an exact
copy of each receipt issued, although even here carbonless

Oxford University Press. 4 See also 5 References [1] Beal.g. Retrieved 201108-03. http://www. Peter. 2008. [2] “CC all readers”. Online edition. [3] “What To Do When You Are Cc:'d”.com. CC field recipients are others to whom the author wishes to send the message publicly.. Usually. when printing out commercial invoices or receipts. 2012. The Internet Society. prearranged perforated paper and carbon supplies for use with a tractor feeder. thestudio. this feature is used in conjunction with continuous. Retrieved 2012-07-18. Pete (April 2001). Incorporated. In common usage. Retrieved 22 November 2013. “RFC 2822 ..]").2 5 the other recipients that a new participant has been added to the list of receivers (e. 2011. [5] Resnick. rather than with single sheets of paper. and most models feature adjustable impact power and head spacing to accommodate up to three copies plus the original printout.Internet Message Format”. and BCC field recipients are the others to whom the message is sent. [4] “CC”.[5] 3 Printers Dot matrix and daisy wheel printers are also able to use carbon paper to produce multiple copies of a document in one pass. (2008) “carbon copy” in A Dictionary of English Manuscript Terminology 1450–2000. [. New Scientist. who is reading in copy. Retrieved 2012-07-18. for example. 2012. the To field recipients are the primary audience of the message. REFERENCES . Retrieved 2008-0411. Merriam-Webster. by writing “I sent a copy to John Doe” or “John Doe.

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