Directions .for Use of FN? Series Over.

locking
Machines Contents
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I .Foreword·
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2 .Technical data- ·- - -· - ~ - • .• - - - - - - - - - ·- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ·- - - - - - ,(2)

3.Precautions before use· ·· - • • • ·• - • - ·• • ·• - • • • • • - • • - - - - - - - - - - • - - ·• • ·• -(3)
1)Overall inspections • - - • - - • - - .- - - - - • - .• - • - • - - - - - - - •• ;. • - - •• - •• ,(3)
2)Sel'ection·and mounting of electric motor - -- - ·• - - - - - - - - - - "'. -' ~ - - - - - • ·• - - -(4)
4.The sewing process - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ·- - - - - - ·- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -:-, • (5)
l)Setting·ofthread cone holder ·• · · ·· - -- • • ·• - • - • • • • .• • -(5)
2)Threading of the machine ·- - • - - -· - - .- • - - - - - - • - - • - • • - - • ·• • • ·• - • - • • -(5)
3)Adjustment for sewing test - . -: - - • - - - • - - - - - - - - ·• - - 1·- - - - - - - - · - - .• - - -(8)
5.Adjustment·and positioning of machine parts ••· - - - ;. - --· - :. - ~ - - ~ ..._- - .• - - .• - ·- - ( 11)
l)Positioningoftheneedles· - - - - - - - - • • • • - • • - - ·- • -.·- ·. - • • - - - - - • • -... ··(11)
2)Adjustment of stitch length - • • - .• • ·• · ·:- - ·- - ·- - - - - - - - • - - - ·· • ·• - - ·• - - ·- - (11)
3)Adjustment of stitch width - - - - - - - - - ·- - .• ·- - - - - - - - - - - - - .• - - - - - - - - , ( 11)
4 )Adjustment of thread ·tension· ·• - ·• • . . ·• ·~·• ·•· - • - -· • • ·• • ..! • - • - • '•• !. · ·-· - - :. - - (13)
5)Replacement of knives - - - - ·- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - .:. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -(15)
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6)Position ingofthe lowerlooper- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - .- - - - - -{16)
?)Positioning of the uppper looper - - - - - - .. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ~ - - -: - - - ·( 17)
8)Positioning of the fee d dog - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - · ( 17)
6. Trouble shooting - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - .. - - - - - - - ( 18)
1)Miss ing stitch- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - • - - • • - .. - - - • - - - - - - - - • - - - - - - ( 18)
2)'fhread breaks - - - - - • - - • - - - • - - - • - - - - • • - • - - - - - - - .. - - - - - - - - - ( 18)
3)Needle breaks - ~ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ·• - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ( 19)
4)lrregu lar sti tches- •• - - - - - - - - - - - - - • - - - - - - - :. - • - •• - - • - - - - - · - - -( 19)
5)l rregular fabric feed ing. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - • - - - - - - - - - - - - - - , ( 19) .
7 .Maintenance of machine - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - • - • • - - - - - - - - • • (20)
8.Guarantee of the machi ne quality - - - - - - - .. - - - - - - - (2 1)
9 .Accessories - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ~ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ·(22)
l O.Drawing of machine parts for servicing _ - -. - - •• _ • - - - - ... - • - - • - - .• - •• - (23)
I I.Suggestions from our customer. . . . .... - - • - - - - • - ••• - - • - •• - ••• - - - . (24)
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. .Featuring light weight.· . 1.I . Thank you for buying our · FN2 ·· series overlocking machines and any suggestions for improvement will be gratefully apperciated.Foreword of The famous. FN2-12 (2-thread) all w ith more reliable sewing properties as proved by field and laboratory tests. Please read caref·ully this direction book before use. and in rural and mountain districts.up-to-date functional construction. This unique design makes the machine w in the competitio n between similar machine makers and get the power to capture more customers both in city towns .more advanced m6del FN2-7 (3-thread) .consistently uniiform stitch density. FN2-4 · (4-thread) . FN~ series overlocking machines our design are ideal for all layer garment industry. they have been exported to morethan ten countries of Europe and America and get good r eputation there.and the newly designed. flexibility in energy demand and may be nun either manually or by electric motor. These machines have great. The FN2 series includes the famous FN2-1 put to market in 1982. together with pleasing appearance and flexibility in en~rgy demand They are of the first choice machine by garment makers both in homeland and abroad.

machine head . ·clockwise rotation#4 to #100.Needle guage number 9.5mm 15 X # 12. . I l . 15 X # 14 seven kilograms 205 X 160 X 240mm I 80W.Knife stroke ..2. .Net weight of. 8.Maximu_m fabric depth 3.2mm · 25.~idth of overedge bight ..7 to 5. 10. for 2-thread arid 3-thread machines for 4-thread machines 5. 5.Stitch length 4.. I • .5 to 3. Presser foot lift 6.Technical date .A C motor.5mn1 2. \ 12.5mm 4. .7mm .Electric motor .0verall dimentions 11. Type of thread used 1200 stitches/min 3.cotton J \ •2 .Needle bar stroke ' 7.6 to 3.Maxim:um speed 2. 5mm(uncompressed) 2. 3.Snun '.

that there are no rusted or loosen parts . D .. at first you must inspect the package for its completeness. ' After removing ...Overall inspections Owing to the fact that the machine may be subject to jolting and shock during transportation . and injury or even breakage · < may result . 3 . 1 low speed for several minutes . with sewing machine oil as shown in Fig.::::.Precautions before use I . Then run the machine at Fig. etc. I. the grease .3 . the machine is now ready for [ 1 . · oil the moving patrs ' such as bearings ' crankshaft holes . ·that the lubricant grease is not oxydized . if no troubles occtir . Then wipe off the 0 grease with a piece of cloth impregnated ._----tr-ir-~~~~ with some gasoline. Be D sure that the machine rotates freely without any abnormal sounds .. then inspect the machine carefully after unpacking .

otherwise you have to align them by loosening the set screws of the pulley and by swivelling them to the left or to the right as necessary.while too less tension results in belt slip.Selection and mounting of electric motor a)Use 80 watts AC electric motor.. Too much tension may cause overload of the motor.' . b)Loosen the M4 bolts ( 4pcs. The tension of the belt must be optimum. ' . 2. clockwise rotation . mount the e. l . • set screw motor socket fig. which iswidely used in sewing machines. then fit the other end of the belt into the pulley slot of the electric motor . Be sure that the pulleys are in a common plane . 2 . use. c)Fit the belt into the pulley slot of the machine head.lectric motor onto the machine head with them. To adjust the belt tension . just loosen the setscrews and move the motor in the slot forwards or backwards as necessary.) on the machine head .

A.6 is for threading 2-thread and 3-thread . 5 .Setting of thread cone holder Assemble the thread cone holder components as shown in Fig.Draw oµt about 40mm length of thread heads. 4)to get fluent threading. ' 4 .thread the machine needle.7 is for threading 2-thread overlock looper is I .s traight needles Fig.the upper looper and the lower looper.5 to Fig.for 4 thread-machines. .and put it under the presser foot.3 Note that the dotted line in Fig.Be sure that the thread 'leads in the proper directien.The sewing process I . - .5 is for threading 3-thread looper and 4-thread Fig. . The machine will run as the pedal is pressed down and will run faster as the pedal is pressed further.According to Fig .Threading of the mac_hine . Mount the thread cone holder by inserting the M6 bolts into the respective hoJes on the machine head and tighten them.7.3 specifically . Note that Fig. 2. qjust the upper thread hooks perpendicular to the bottom of the thread cone(Fig.d) Plug the velocity regulating pedal into the socket on the motor.

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The four rubber suckers mounted on the bottom of the machine will hold the rig. 1 . .3. If thread chain is formed and fabric edge is being cut . such as glass plate or plastic covered table . the machine is ready for sewing. 8. then turn the handwhecl clockwise by hand as shown in Fig.Adjustment for sewing test Press· a piece of fabric under the persser foot with the edge of fabric aligned with the knife . The motor driven FN2 models overlock machines are better to be placed on a flat smooth table.9.

may be regulated according to· the depth .ished rup the machine a little further . Cut it with a scissor but never bread it by hand or you will bend the needle. Don't pull or push the fabric during 'sewing.9 .the sewing of one piece have been fil?. direction by itself. I to'· Fig. 'When .- . form a thread chain. .machine firmly by the action of suction .. You· just have to hold the fabric ' }ightly . Place the · n1otor pedal on the floor by whick t~e speed of motor .anci let it go along in the.. 9 . of pedal pressed.

( b ) Fig. 10 · 10 · 2.: I I M I• ( a ) .. l J Fig.2 <>ltittiZ .

Adjustment of stitch width - · 11 · .2mn1 and the distance between tips of two needles equal to 0.retighten the nut. Then retighten the needle nut.Adjustment of stitch length According to the properties of fabrics and the favour of the operator . looson the stitch length regulator nut . 3 .raise the needle bar to its top position. The flat of the needle shank must face backward and the long slot of the needle must face the operator . the stitch len~th n1ay be adjusted to son1e extent . pulg the needle shank' into the hol~ of the needle bar.8mm. 2.Adjustment and positioning of machine parts ! . push it to the botto1n of the hole. Method of positioning the needle of 4-thread 1nachine is the sa1ne as described above. set the distance between centerlines of two needles equal to 2. Push the needle to the bottom of the hole of the needle bar. After setting the proper position.Turn the hand wheel by hand. move it upwards for shorler stitch length or downwards for longer stitch length . Pull off the left guard plate .. Then retighten the needle nut.5.Positioning of the needles Stop the motor and ensure that the machine is off by the motor pedal.Unscrew the needle nut.

13). The overedging width may be adjusted by the foqowing menthod.Loosen the screw on the presser foot stitch tongue (Fig. 12 · 12 · . 13 Fig.'. pressure foot tongue screw Fig. shift the tongue leftwards for narrower overedging width or rightwards for broader overedging width. The upper and lower knives have to be adjusted as well.

4.4-thread and 2-thread overlock stitches are shown in F ig.14... b a a b Fig.Adjustment of thread tension The cross over nodes of 3-thread ovcrlock stitches is ordinarily situated on the middleline of the thickness of sewn fabric. . too much 'thread tension in the straight needles... l 5.. Deviation of cross over nodes upwards means too much thread tension in the upper looper or too less thread tension in the straight needles.. 14 • 13 · .Deviation of cross over nodel downwards means too less thread tension in the upper looper or .Fig. The 3-thread. 15 Fig.

17 Fig.I l a Fig.Fig.16. Note: In Fig. 17 1 and (2) represent the thead of straight needles a represent the thead of the upper looper b represent the thead of the lower looper 3-thread overlocking stitches ) 2-thread overedging stitches 4-thread overedging stitches .and Fig. 16 • 14 • 1 • . 17 respectively.14 to Fig.

.5.p er kinfe. then loosen the knife clamp scre. The sharpentig· of knives is rather cri!ical .18 · 15 · . while too less get no guarantee of clearcut of the fabric. .m·d~d off a little if neces sary. The datum planes of the knives should never be grounded. and pull out the upper knife.first .-Replacement of knives After used for a protracted length of time .Fig.bling the sharpened or new knives . . . may be gn. __ The tail of th~· up. and pull out the lower knife. Push lightly on the top face of the upper knife guard so that the upper knife deviates slightly from the lower knife .the knvies must be sharpened or replaced as follows.5mm as shown in . Too much sharpening may lead to early wearout . Now loosen the small screws on the lower knife guard . set the upperknife at. and the overlap between the upper and lower knives has to be adjusted to about 0. Fig. The knives may_ be sharpened by grinding on a fine mesh grind ' wheel. · · · In assem.It is of great importance to keep the original geometrical features unchanged . I 8.and polish the knife edge by an oilstone.w .

is o'.h en ·the tip ·.///1/lllllll/t.Positioning of the .needle..04to 0.19). lmm(Fig. Nll. .them . ' ' t ' J •• ' .6.o f'the •lower looper reaches ·the . it should be -about 3 . .'-W. The clearance between.19) ' ' .mm above :the· top of the needle eye. ' .of 3 ' to 4 mm from the centerline of the straight needle(Fig..th~ ~traight.. I.centerline of.lower looper · The beginning positioff of :thread catc·h ing of-the iower looper tip is at a distance.

·· .tip is at a di~. and th~ straight needle S . crossing the lower looper the tip of the upper looper is better to be in the proximity of the· nose of lower · · .· ·· < . .e en the two loopers are · · . and should be aligned as near as possible to the operator(Fig.--r-. .Positioning of the· upper l9oper 7-8. ne of the straight needle . .: . looper .'...mm:from . The feed dog should not to uch the needle plate at any time in its feed motion ... . _.its. ' \ !.04 to 0. : · :. · . . ·a.e/ee~ d~g-must be . .:to 8. :: ...~--~_...... ~ ig. 1 mm about the needle plate .he_ight...·.When the uppqr· Iooper extrudes to · · ·. '.· .1mm.04-0:1 its mai imu~1..21 )..... . .I 0 . 7 to I. Wh~n . upper I0ope1..7 . . . ··.-.-. The clearance between the '. Z l 'O7 and that betw.2_~ all equa_l to ·0_..Positionil)g qf'the (eed dog ' The tbeth of th..:·~:-~.· . .:.· ·..·. about 0.20. 8.z I• ~ • 17 • --· .the centerli.... ....· .. 0. tance 19f 7. as shown _ _ ··: "":_ · · in Fig.

5 to Fig. Loosen the clamper Wrong th reading Wet thread or deteriorated thread · 18 · Refer to threading diagrams as shown in fig.Thread breaks .19.6. Missed stitches Probab le ca uses - Me thod s of elininat ing fault$ Upper or lower loo per badl y Rea dju st th e pos it ions o f the adjusted with respect to the need le. Replacement of needles Retighten the come screws Replacement of needle.Troubles shooting Fa u Its I . Fig. Badly positioned need les . 12 to Fig. 7 Use new threads . Blunt need les or bent need les Loose needle bar or loose needles Loo se s ph eri cal he-a-ded c rank Needle gauge does not match with thread number 2. Loopers too fa r or too c lose to lo ope rs a nd needles as s hown in each other at the cro ss over points. Retighten the cylindrical headed screws after positioning Change thread of needle Flaws in needle passage or needle eysc. Replacement of needle TlHea~ s c lamp ed too tig ht ly.

Needle touches looper during operation Bent needle guard Thread hooks not in line with the thread cone. Carefully adjust the thread tension.Irregular stitch 5. Tighten the screw Fabric clippings and fibres in the grooves of the theetl1 of the feed dog · 19 · . Badly adjusted thread tension.Irregular feed being sewn.. A djust the presser. Adjust them for I ining up.Needle breaks 4. ·'•. l. Adjust the pressure regu lating screw accrrding to F ig 15. Fabrics _have not been pressed by the presser foot Adjustment of clearance Replacement by new one. Adjust the position of feed dog. - .bar to lower position. B lu nt kn ives Sharpening the lrnives. Loose presser foot screw. Loosen the needle plate and clean with a brush. Clean with a brush.I Faults Methods of eliminating faults Probable causes T90 fine needle gauge for fabrics Change to heavier needles 3. Insufficient pressure of the 1)resser foot. Dirty thread clamping plate Position of the feed dog too high or too Jow.

7 .~. If faults a~e not eliminated by yourself.Maintenance of machine Good maintenance is important for long service.Remove the needle plate and clean the needle guard . don't neglect those parts which are difficult to access by the oiler. feed dog ev~ry week. send the machine to the nearest qualified service center for repairing at once . especially the bearing and crandshaft holes . Vegetable oils should never by used for oiling. which should neve·r·be exceeded in any case. • 20 · . All the moving parts . should be well oiled with mineral oils. otherwise new faults may occur and damage of the machine results.because they are easy·to be clotted and damage of the machine may result.oil the machine every day . . ' · The maximum speed of the machine is 1200 stitches/min .Clean the parts oi machine involved in the feeding and stitch making . Keep clean in important .

• ..Guararit~e of the machine quality l.month from the day of purchasing .in materials and .difficulty in buying machine parts for repairing .8.• ' to the package and mainbody of the machine takes plac.. . if such .During one . the receipt and ee1tififactory for renewal. • • i I our factory via mail.During six months from·the day of purchasing.workmanship in manufacturing . • . I . no damage I .h ine do. . I 1 . 5.the machine may be sent to our • l I . · 21 • f I .es not run properly due to defects. please order them form ' .charge. • • • ' · 1 .t omer . . I 1 . on condition that .faults of machine parts do:occur ·t under operating conditions specified by the dirction book . • t ~ ' .e.The manufacturer does not imply with customer's claim for service or renewal in case of normal wearing out of the machine parts..ln case that the cus.makes any clairn for service or renewal . ' ~ ' ' • 3. • "' 2. 4. • • . cate of inspection of the machine must accompanied with the machine to the qualified service center or to the s~rvice depart1~ent of out factory. ' . ' •'/ I I . the machine can be serviced free of . ' ' ' j . if the mac.If you have any.

M 4 X 10 screws for mounting the electric rriotor.Thread cone hodIer one set 2.The following pa1is are for motor-driven machines only a) 80 watts A C electric motor one b) Motor regulating pedal switch one set c) Motor belt one piece • 22 • .already set on mainbody of the overlock machine 4.Accessories 1.Special wrench - two piece one piece 5.Thread clamper one piece 3 .9 .

IO.Engineering drawing Engineering drawing of machine parts for servicing only - · 23 · one piece .

for Impro.v ement · 24 · ...· .J Customer's suggestions. > ljftlOJ?.

Mark "A:" -parts for four thread overlock ma~ine. . Mark "B" -parts fo.r three th_read overlock machine. No mark -parts for three/four thread overlock machine.Explaination: . .