# MATH 312 - Spring 2012

Midterm Exam II Practice Problems

Although most of the problems in Lay are on the easy side, hence not necessarily all that useful,
the supplemental exercises found at the end of each chapter are pretty good. In particular, there
is always a long list of true/false questions, which should be very helpful with regard to conceptual
questions. For the record, the exam will cover sections 2.2 to 4.7, with, potentially, a question or
two involving signals and filters. That is, the exam covers material up to and including Wednesday’s
lecture. Consequently, questions 1(iii), 7, and 8(iv) below, although excellent, go beyond the scope
of what I feel comfortable asking on the exam.
1. True/False:
(i) There is a linear transformation L : R5 → R4 with dim(Ker(L)) = 3 and dim(Im(L)) = 1.
(ii) If A is m × n, rank(A) = r, and n ≤ r ≤ m, the equation Ax = b has exactly one solution for
each b ∈ Rm .
(iii) The signals {sin( π4 k) | k ∈ Z} and {cos( π4 k) | k ∈ Z} are linearly independent.
(iv) A signal is finite if all but finitely many of its entries are zero. The set of all finite signals forms
a subspace of Sig.
(v) If V = span(S), then every v ∈ V can be written as a unique linear combination of elements of
S.
(vi) If V and W are real vector spaces, V is a subspace of W , and dim(W ) = n, then dim(V ) ≤ n.
2. Find a maximal linearly independent subset of {(1, 1, 2), (0, 0, 0), (1, −3, 1), (3, 7, 7), (1, 5, 3)}.
Does it form a basis for R3 ?
3. Find bases for Col(A), N ul(A), Row(A), and LN ul(A), where

1 1 1
A= 2 3 1 
−1 1 −3
4. Find the shadow cast on the xz-plane by the tetrahedron with vertices (1, 0, 0), (0, 1, 0), (1, 2, 0),
and (0, 2, 1) if the light source is positioned at (0, 5, 0).

. (0.{. . Under what conditions on m. 0. 1). Let A be m × n. 1)} = {(1. 1. 0). 0. . 0.5. −1)}. Use Cramer’s Rule to solve the system  0 2 −1  1 0 0   0 1 1 −1 1 0   0  1  x =   0  0  1 1   1  1 12. (i) Which of the following sets form a basis for R3 ? B C D = {(0. what is the volume of the image of the unit cube in the first octant? 10. 6.e. (1. 1)} = {(3. {bk }. 0). −2). First three parts are fair game on the exam. 1 . Show that for any distinct (i. −6. the signals {ak }. c. 4. (i) Give a linear filter that kills all signals that are periodic with period 3 (e. 1. . 1)} (ii) If two or more are indeed bases. compute the change of basis matrix between each pair. and r is Ax = b guaranteed to have either 0 or 1 solutions? 0 or infinitely many? 1 or infinitely many? 11. (−1. (1. 0. 1. (ii) Find a and b that make A invertible. 7. 1). 1. −1. 1). . 0. (0. where B = {(1. r a nonzero real number. . (0. (iii) Give a linear filter that kills the signal {rk }. 0. 1. (iv) Find a basis for the space of signals killed by the filter zk = yk − 2yk−1 + yk−2 .g. unequal) nonzero real numbers a. 1). c. and c. 9. 1. rank(A) = r. (ii) Give a linear filter that kills all constant signals (e. c. (i) Find real numbers a and b so that the matrix  1 0  −1 2 A=  0 4 2 1 1 a 1 0  −1 1   5  b is singular.g. Consider the map m : P1 (R) → P2 (R) that takes any polynomial p(x) to d 2 dx (x · p(x)). c . 8. b. 0. (i) Compute the change of basis matrix that translates standard coordinates into B-coordinates. (2. 2). }). 0. and {ck } are linearly independent. Hint: look for solutions of the form {rk }. n. }). (ii) How does this change of basis transformation affect volumes? For example. 0. −2. {. . (1. 0. 1. . .

(ii) Is m one-to-one? Onto? (iii) What is the matrix for m with respect to the bases {1. and (c. 14.(i) Give the matrix for m with respect to the obvious coordinates on P2 (R) and P3 (R). with respect to bases {1. 1). y) = (x + x2 y. 1.e. Find a real number c so that the volume of the parallelepiped spanned by (1. Is V a subspace of P2 (R)? If so. if any. the space of all n × n matrices? For what values of r. give a basis for V . 0)? 15. does the set of matrices of rank less than or equal to r form a subspace of Mn ? 16. x. x − 1} and {1. y 2 − x) invertible near the point (1. does the set of rank r matrices form a subspace of Mn . x2 − 1}? 13. 1. How does its dimension compare to the dimension of the larger space? . x} and {1. 0. Let V = {p(x) ∈ P2 (R) | p(1) = 0}. Is the function f : R2 → R2 given by f (x. if any. x2 }. c) is 4. x − 1. i. 1). (−1. −1)? Near (0. For what values of r.