You are on page 1of 5

Resources, Tools and Basic Information for Engineering and Design of Technical Applications!

- adapts seamlessly to phones, pads and desktops!

AdChoices

Composition

Air Table
Search

Air Units

Heat in Air

- "Search is the most efficient way to navigate the Engineering ToolBox!"

Air Composition
Dry air is a mechanical mixture of nitrogen, oxygen, carbon dioxide and more
Sponsored Links

infrared heater
jhheater.com

New-Tech, energy saving High


efficiency, popular in Europe
Air is a mixture of gases - 78% nitrogen and 21% oxygen - with traces of water vapor, carbon dioxide, argon, and various other components.

Air is usually modeled as a uniform (no variation or fluctuation) gas with properties averaged from the individual components.

Gas

By volume

Ratio compared to Dry Air (%)


By weight

Molecular Mass
-M(kg/kmol)

Chemical Symbol

Boiling Point
(K)

(oC)

Oxygen

20.95

23.20

32.00

O2

90.2

-182.95

Nitrogen

78.09

75.47

28.02

N2

77.4

-195.79

Carbon Dioxide

0.03

0.046

44.01

CO2

194.7

-78.5

Hydrogen

0.00005

~0

2.02

H2

20.3

-252.87

Argon

0.933

1.28

39.94

Ar

84.2

-186

Neon

0.0018

0.0012

20.18

Ne

27.2

-246

Helium

0.0005

0.00007

4.00

He

4.2

-269

Krypton

0.0001

0.0003

83.8

Kr

119.8

-153.4

Xenon

9 10-6

0.00004

131.29

Xe

165.1

-108.1

The water or vapor content in air varies. The maximum moisture carrying capacity of air depends primarily on temperature
The composition of air is unchanged until elevation of approximately 10.000 m
The average air temperature diminishes at the rate of 0.6oC for each 100 m vertical height
"One Standard Atmosphere" is defined as the pressure equivalent to that exerted by a 760 mm column of mercury at 0oC sea level and at standard gravity
(32.174 ft/sec2)
Other components in air
Sulfur dioxide - SO2 - 1.0 parts/million (ppm)
Methane - CH4 - 2.0 parts/million (ppm)
Nitrous oxide - N2O - 0.5 parts/million (ppm)

Ozone - O3 - 0 to 0.07 parts/million (ppm)


Nitrogen dioxide - NO2 - 0.02 parts/million (ppm)
Iodine - I2 - 0.01 parts/million (ppm)
Carbon monoxide - CO - 0 to trace (ppm)
Ammonia - NH3 - 0 to trace (ppm)

Common Pressure Units frequently used as alternative to "one Atmosphere"


76 Centimeters (760 mm) of Mercury
29.921 Inches of Mercury
10.332 Meters of Water
406.78 Inches of Water
33.899 Feet of Water
14.696 Pound-Force per Square Inch
2116.2 Pounds-Force per Square Foot
1.033 Kilograms-Force per Square Centimeter
101.33 kiloPascal
More about Temperature, Density, Specific heat, Thermal Conductivity - the properties of air.
Sponsored Links

Descoper Megane SEDAN


promotii.renault.ro

nscrie-te aici i vino n showroom-urile


Renault ntre 14-16 Octombrie 2016.
Related Topics
Air Psychrometrics - The study of moist and humid air - psychrometric charts, Mollier diagrams, air-condition temperatures and absolute and relative
humidity and moisture content
Material Properties - Material properties for gases, fluids and solids - densities, specific heats, viscosities and more
Sponsored Links

Related Documents
Specific Heat Ratio of Air - Specific Heat Ratio of air at temperatures from -40 - 1000oC (-40 - 1500oF) at standard atmospheric pressure - Imperial and SI
Units
Humid Air and the Ideal Gas Law - Pressure, temperature and volume for an ideal or perfect gas like air with water vapor - or moist air
Air Properties - Density, specific heat, thermal conductivity, expansion coefficient, kinematic viscosity and Prandtl's number - for air temperatures
ranging from -150 oC to 400 oC
Density of Dry Air, Water Vapor and Moist Humid Air - Calculate the density of dry air, water vapor or the mixture of air and water vapor - moist or humid
air
Air Solubility in Water - Amount of air that can be dissolved in water - decreases with temperature - increases with pressure
Nitrogen - Specific Heat - Specific heat of Nitrogen Gas - N2 - at temperatures ranging 175 - 6000 K
Air - Molecular Mass - Dry air is a mixture of gases where the molecular weight can be calculated by adding the weight of each component
Oxygen Gas - Specific Heat - Specific heat of Oxygen Gas - O2 - at temperatures ranging 175 - 6000 K
Ideal Gas Properties Oxygen - Enthalpy, Internal Energy and Entropy of Oxygen
Dry Air Properties - Dry air properties at temperatures ranging 175 - 1900 K - specific heat, ratio of specific heats, dynamic viscosity, thermal conductivity,
Prandtl number, density and kinematic viscosity

Tag Search
Need some Expert Advice?
JustAnswer can help you! Talk with a verified expert until your satisfied, 100% money- back guarantee.

Search the Engineering ToolBox


Search

AdChoices

Air Gas

Air Liquid

- "Search is the most efficient way to navigate the Engineering ToolBox!"

Makeup Air

Air Vapor

Engineering ToolBox - SketchUp Extension - Online 3D modeling!

Add standard and customized parametric components - like flange beams, lumbers, piping, stairs and more - to your SketchUp model with the Engineering ToolBox SketchUp Extension/Plugin - enabled for use with the amazing, fun and free SketchUp Make and SketchUp Pro . Add the Engineering ToolBox extension to your
SketchUp from the Sketchup Extension Warehouse!

Translate the ToolBox


Arabic - Chinese (Simplified) - Chinese (Traditional) - Dutch - French - German - Italian - Japanese - Korean - Portuguese - Russian - Spanish - - Select Your own
language . .

About the ToolBox


We appreciate any comments and tips on how to make The Engineering ToolBox a better information source. Please contact us by email
editor.engineeringtoolbox@gmail.com
if You find any faults, inaccuracies, or otherwise unacceptable information.
The content in The Engineering ToolBox is copyrighted but can be used with NO WARRANTY or LIABILITY. Important information should always be double checked
with alternative sources. All applicable national and local regulations and practices concerning this aspects must be strictly followed and adhered to.
This site use third-party cookies. More info here.

Advertise in the ToolBox


If you want to promote your products or services in the Engineering ToolBox - please use Google Adwords.

Home
Acoustics
Air Psychrometrics
Basics
Combustion
Drawing Tools
Dynamics
Economics
Electrical
Environment
Fluid Mechanics
Gases and Compressed Air
HVAC Systems
Ventilation
Air Conditioning
Heating
Noise and Attenuation
Hydraulics and Pneumatics
Insulation
Material Properties
Mathematics
Mechanics
Miscellaneous
Physiology
Piping Systems
Process Control
Pumps
Standard Organizations
Statics
Steam and Condensate
Thermodynamics
Water Systems

AdChoices

Air Atmosphere
Nitrogen from Air
Unit Converter
Temperature

0.0
oC
oF

Convert!
Length

1.0
m
km
in
ft
yards
miles
nautical miles

Convert!
Volume

1.0
m3
liters
in3
ft3
us gal

Convert!
Weight

1.0
kgf
N
lbf

Convert!
Velocity

1.0
m/s
km/h
ft/min
ft/s
mph

knots

Convert!
Pressure

1.0
Pa (N/m 2)
bar
mm H2O
kg/cm 2
psi
inches H2O

Convert!
Flow

1.0
m 3/s
m 3/h
US gpm
cfm

Convert!
Scientific Online Calculator

10 6

Share this Page!

76
Shortcut to Home Screen?

The Engineering ToolBox


bimSystems
- organizing design and development of technical systems!

mee ickets
- summarize meetings and keep track of tasks to be done - with tickets!
the Travlet
- tracking and sharing expenses between participants!