1

962 /1 - CHEMISTRY SEMESTER 1
CHAPTER 1 - 6 : REVISION NOTES

BY : MR CHEW CHIN KUEN
LESSON 25 : 8TH NOV 2015 (SUNDAY)

CLASS : LOWER 6 CHEM 2
TIME : 3.30 - 5.30 PM

STUDENT NAME :
SECTION A
[15 marks]
Answer all questions in this section
1.

Thermal decomposition of KClO3 yields KCl and O2. When 4.29 g of KClO3 undergo this
reaction, how many grams of oxygen are produced?

A.

1.12 g

2.

The diagram shows the mass spectrum of a sample of zinc. Use the data to calculate
the relative atomic mass of the sample :

B.

0.56 g

C.

2.24 g

D.

1.68 g

50
40
30
20
10
0
64

B.

65.5

65

C.

66

67

A.

65.3

65.8

D.

66.0

3.

Boron has the valence electron of 2s2 2p1. In which order are the electrons lost in
forming the B4+ ion?
1st

2nd

3rd

4th

A

p orbital

p orbital

s orbital

s orbital

B

p orbital

s orbital

s orbital

p orbital

C

p orbital

s orbital

s orbital

s orbital

D

p orbital

s orbital

s orbital

d orbital

4.

Which of the following statement are based on Bohr's hydrogen atomic theory?

I.
II.
III.
IV.

Energy of electron can be quantised.
Electron closer to nucleus has the lowest energy
Emission line become closer as energy level decreased.
At convergence limit, frequency emitted is the highest.

A.
C.

I, II and III only correct
I, III and IV only correct

B.
D.

I, II and IV only correct
II, III and IV only correct

2 atm SiF4. critical point data: 144. 6. 61. VT/ Volume / m3 m 3 oC Temperature / 0C Temperature/0C D. Which of the following graph correctly described Charles' Law? B.0 °C. C.6 atm C2H6.7 atm . There are hydrogen bonds between propanone molecules. B. CH3CH2CH2CH3 are 58 and 60 respectively. AlCl3 and PCl3 SF4 and SiCl4 B. AlCl3 and BCl3 BF3 and NH3 7.2 °C.0 atm C2H2.5 °C. 1/V / m-3 Volume / m3 Low P High P Temperature / 0C T / 0C 8. B.0 °C? A. critical point data: 35. D. D. A. but not between butane molecules. In which one of the following pairs do the molecules have similar shapes? A. Which one of the following cannot be liquefied by compression at temperature of 25. 48. but only van der Waals' forces between butane molecules C. CH3Cl.0°C)? A. D.1 °C. There are dipole-dipole forces between propanone molecules. C. and butane. The propanone molecule has a larger surface area than butane molecule. 36. The covalent bonds in the propanone molecule are stronger than those in the butane molecule. critical point data: -14. Which of the following statements best explains why the boiling point of propanone (68.2 5. critical point data: 32. 66. The relative molecular mass of propanone. CH3COCH3. C.0 °C) is higher than that of butane (24.

increasing the temperature of the system adding some more O2(g) through an injection nozzle removing the NO2 from the system by absorbing it in a species specific zeolite increasing the pressure of the system while temperature is kept constant B.1189 kJ.315 mol dm-3 0. B. A system. D. 2 SO2 (g) + O2 (g) 2 SO3 (g) Kc has a value of 4. 2 NO (g) + O2 (g) 2 NO2 (g) ∆H = . 1.3 9.00855 mol dm-3. Given the reaction.0 K. D. at equilibrium has the following concentrations: [SO3] = 0. The rate-determining step may be CH3COCH3 + I2 → product rate constant of the reaction I2 + CH3COCH3 → HI + CH3COCH2I. Iodine reacts with propanone in the presence of dilute acids as represented by the following equation: I2 + CH3COCH3 → HI + CH3COCH2I.079 mol dm-3 11. [O2] = 0. B. C.63 mol dm-3 6. C. The initial concentration of a reactant. The half-life of the reaction occur at time p second. 0. The graph of the concentration of propanone in the reaction mixture measured at regular time intervals is given as follows : [CH3COCH3] /mol dm-3 x---- x/2 --------------------------- p time / s Which of the following statements is correct with regard to the reaction above A. 0. What will be its concentration after 3 half lives? A.630 mol dm-3. Which one of the following will cause an increase in the equilibrium concentration of NO in a closed reaction chamber? A. is 0. with a first order reaction. For the reaction system. B. 10.210 mol dm-3 0.43 mol dm-3 . C.62 at 450.28 mol dm-3 0. The order of reaction is zero order with respect to propanone. D. is measurable by the gradient of the graph. C.465 mol dm-3 12. What is the equilibrium concentration of SO2? A.254 mol dm-3.103 mol dm-3 1. D.

D. C. also H-Ind is red and Ind.8. hypoiodous acid. for which pKInd = 3.is blue cresol red. D. Boiling point / 0C of X 5. II and IV only correct II.35 8. for which pKInd = 9. liquid Y is obtained The intermolecular forces of X and Y are almost the same. The vapour pressure of X is higher than that of Y Enthalpy change of the mixture between X and Y is zero When mixture at point A is fractional distillate twice. for which pKInd = 7. A. B. I and III only correct I. 2. C. B. II and III only correct B. A. Which one of the following is the most appropriate chemical indicator to use in the titration of 0.3 x 10-11 mol dm-3. for HOI(aq). II.8. IV. is 2. HCl (aq)? Given that the titrant in this reaction is HCl (aq).03 14. D. thymol blue. also H-Ind is yellow and Ind. 100 mol dm-3 of hydrochloric acid. Ka.4 13.100 mol dm-3 ammonia solution by 0.is blue methyl orange. III.is red 15. The dissociation constant.050 mol dm-3 solution of hypoiodous acid? A.is yellow thymolphthalein. is shown below. C. also H-Ind is colorless and Ind. for which pKInd = 8.9.9. also H-Ind is yellow and Ind.65 Boiling point / 0C of Y A 0 Mol fraction of Y 1 Which statements are true about the graph? I. What is the pH of a 0.97 11. III and IV only correct . The boiling point-composition graph of a mixture solution consisting two liquids component X and Y.

40 82 11. [3 marks] . determine the pressure of krypton gas produced at 25.40 [1 mark] …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… b) State the methods to obtain the above data.75 g dm-3.5 SECTION B [15 marks] Answer all questions in this section 16. Given the density of krypton gas : 3. nucleon number relative abundance (%) a) 80 2.70 Define isotopes 83 11.90 86 17.60 84 56. [1 mark] …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… c) Calculate the relative atomic mass of krypton using the information above [2 marks] d) From the value calculated in (c).00C. A particular sample of krypton consist the following isotopes and abundance as described in table below. Natural samples of krypton consist of mixtures of isotopes.

......................0 % of composition of nitric acid............................................................... which occur at 1200C........................... [2 marks] 40...............................................................0% of nitric acid solution : ..................... ............ (a) Define the term azeotropic mixture [2 marks] ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………......................................... ....... (iii) From om the above graph.......... .. 70............. The boiling point-composition composition curves c for the mixture of nitric acid and water at constant pressure is shown in the graph below Boiling point / 0C Boiling point / 0C 120 120 Azeotropic mixture 100 100 80 80 60 60 0 20 40 60 80 100 % composition of nitric acid The azeotropic mixture between nitric acid and water is at 68........ determine the vapour composition of the th distillate when the following composition by % of nitric acid solution is fractionally distilled for three times............. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………............... (c) Suggest a method on how to obtain nitric acid at its highest purity [1 mark] ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………........................... (ii) What is the forces of attraction between nitric acid and water.... [1 mark] ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….6 17....... which results the type of deviation as stated in (b)(i)? [1 mark] ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..0% of nitric acid solution : ........ (b) (i) From the graph above State the type of deviation from Raoult’s law exhibited by the mixture of nitric acid and water.........

. Draw the Lewis structures of SF2. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. AlF3 and PF3 are described in the table below Compound Melting point / 0C Magnesium fluoride.... [9 marks] ii... ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. and sulphur hexafluoride... i.. SF4 and SF6.. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. AlF3 and PF3. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. SF4. Using the valence-shell electron-pair repulsion theory. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………... ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. a) Melting point of MgF2.... deduce the shapes of these molecules. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………... [2 marks] ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. Period 3 elements can form different fluoride based compound.7 SECTION C [30 marks] Answer any 2 questions in this section 18.. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. Fluorine and bromine are both elements in Group 17... for example MgF2. SF6.. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. AlF3 1040 Nitrogen trifluoride....... Explain why SBr6 does not exist.... SF2. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………... NF3 . . ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………... ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. namely sulphur difluoride.22 Explain the melting point of these fluorides b) [4 marks] Sulphur can also react with fluorine to form sulphur fluoride at different oxidation states.. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. MgF2 1264 Aluminium fluoride. sulphur tetrafluoride....

.100 g of X occupies 104 cm3 at 2... ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………...8 19. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..... ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. the curve for ammonia gas and methane gas.. what is the relative molecular mass of X. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………... ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. Given that 0...... ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………... on the same graph.. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. Hence deduce its molecular formula. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. [5 marks] ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. Explain the negative deviation of ammonia and methane [6 marks] (c) A fluoride X is formed when krypton reacts with fluorine. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..00 x 104 Pa and 305 K... sketch also...... ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………... ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………... ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….... . [4 marks] (b) Sketch a graph of PV/RT against P for an ideal gas..... ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………... and discuss the validity of these assumptions for a real gas. (a) State the assumptions made in the kinetic theory of gases.. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………....... ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….... ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

...00 4.00 6.. [3 marks] (iv) Suggest an indicator suitable to be used during the titration.. . ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………....00 18.50 3. which is a monoprotic acid. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….0500 mol dm-3.. is one of the component found in soured milk. Volume of NaOH added / cm3 0.. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. Lactic acid..00 15...00 20. CH3CH(OH)COOH.. and finally until the end of experiment [2 marks] ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….00 3. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. plot a graph of pH value against the volume of NaOH added to the mixture [3 marks] (c) From the graph sketched in (b).... ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. calculate the concentration of lactic acid.00 14. (i) Calculate the concentration of hydrogen ion in the before the titration (ii) Determine the Ka of lactic acid.00 4... and state the colour changes occur from the beginning to the end-point...0 cm3 of lactic acid at unknown concentration is titrated against sodium hydroxide 0..2 11... ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….00 12.00 2... ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..6 (a) Define pH (b) Based on the table above. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………... ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..30 4. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….80 10. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….1 11.. Justify your answer [1 mark] [2 marks] [4 marks] (iii) Using the end-point of the curve. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….00 10.00 16.70 4. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….9 20. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….00 8.70 7.. When 25. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..40 3. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….50 4.. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..00 pH of mixture 2.. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….... the following information were obtained... ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

C 11. [1] .31 x 298 / 83.31)(305) . different number of neutron / nucleon number [1] b) mass spectrum / spectra [1] (80 × 2.CH4 is hold by weak Van Der Waals forces [1] .10 Solution for Summative Test 1 2015 1. CH3CH(OH)COOH + NaOH → CH3CH(OH)COONa + H2O [1] M A VA a M A (25. a = 2 molecular formula = KrF2 [1] [1] [1] [1] [1] 0 0 5 10 VNaOH / cm3 15 20 [1] (c) i.which results PV/RT < 1 [1] 20. Each comparison [1] x 9 [9] SF2 SF4 SF6 Lewis P / atm [2] .0 x 10-3) x 8.e.90 ) + (86 × 17 .75 g dm-3 / 1. 1 l.e bpe Shape bent See-saw Octahedral [l.(a) Assumptions made are: -.0300 mol dm-3 [1] iv. [1] . D CH4 1-- 16. C D B 10. b.causing particles to collide less frequently with the wall of container as P increase [1] .p. electrostatic attraction forces iii.50 = .0 [1] . (a) . 8.kinetic energy lost when the gas molecules collide [1] (c) .gas particles have negligible intermolecular forces of attraction. a) . 3.pH at 1/2 V = pKa = 4. B D A 7.p. 2.e : lone pair electron .Al3+ has higher polarising power / covalency [1] b) .e 4 b. A 12.00) = 1 MA = 0.p.[H+] = 3.40 ) 2.8) + a (19. 40% HNO3 .0) = 121. D B C 4. lpe & 6 b.lg [H+] @ [H+] = 10-2.00 x 104)(104 x 10-6) = (0.0500)(15.MgF2 and AlF3 are hold by ionic crystal lattice [1] . A b) PV/RT 13.collisions of gas particles are perfectly elastic.liquid and vapour are at equilibrium .steric hindrance effect take place in SBr6 [1] 19.p. 2.40 + 11. (83.50 . negative deviation ii.i.p. there are significant intermolecular forces between gas molecules. 6.real gas have significant size or volume.40 ) + (82 × 11 .PV = nRT @ PV = (m/MR)RT .60) c) AR = + (84 × 56 . B 15.p. 5.0) 1 [1] M B VB = b @ (0.70 + 11.90 + 17.16 x 10-3 mol dm-3 [1] ii.Axis [1] . ideal gas and CH4 curve .90 d) PV = nRT @ P = dRT / MR P = (3. Br has large atomic radius / size [1] .0 x 10-4 mol dm-3 [1] iii.p. indicator [1] colour change [1] [2] Bromothymol blue Yellow → Green → blue Phenolphthalein Colourless→Light pink→purple .8 .e 2 b. [1] .Al3+ in AlF3 has higher charge than Mg2+ in MgF2 [1] .(2.(a) pH = -lg [H+] (or using words) (b) Axis [1] plotting [1] curve [1] [1] [3] 14 12 pH 17.93% HNO3 (c) using dehydrating agent / use SiO2 [1] ideal gas 10 8 6 4 2 No of 2 l.70 ) + (83 × 11.under a constant boiling point (b)i. a) . Ka is pH located 1/2 of V at end point [1] + .pure H2O 70% HNO3 .e.8 Since KrFa .60 + 56.100/MR)(8.atoms with the same proton number. B 14. : bond pair electron] ii.since the ratio of [H ] / [CH3CH(OH)COO ] (or [acid] / [salt] is 1 : 1 at 1/2 of V at end point [1] .e.NF3 is simple covalent molecule hold by weak Van Der Waals forces [1] .Ka = 1.MR = 121. gas particles have negligible size / volume. [1] .40 AR = 83. 9.90 P = 111 kPa [1] [1] [1] [1] [1] [1] [1] [1] [1] [1] [1] 18.