Araniador, Glaicyl Dame Ann B.

17, 2016

Date Performed:

Bronzal, Lucile A.
2016

Date Submitted:

March

March 22,

Mameloco, Neri May G.
EXPERIMENT NO. 8
HYDROCARBONS
I. INTRODUCTION
II. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
A. Investigation of Hydrocarbons
Table 1. The Color, Clarity and Physical States of the Representative Compounds
Representative
Compounds
Cyclohexane
Benzene
Toluene
Acetylene

Color

Clarity

Physical State

Colorless
Colorless
Colorless
White

Clear
Clear
Clear
Cloudy

Liquid
Liquid
Liquid
Gas

Table 2. Solubility Behavior
Reagent Used
Dichloromethan
e

Cyclohexane
Soluble
Cloudy

Water

Insoluble
Clear
Bubbles formed
at the surface
Insoluble
Clear
Bubbles formed
the underlying
surface
and
vanish easily
Insoluble
Clear
Jelly-like

NaOH

Conc. H2SO4

Benzene
Soluble
Cloudy
Colorless
Insoluble
Clear
Bubbles formed
at the surface
Insoluble
Clear
Bubbles formed
the underlying
surface
and
vanish easily
Insoluble
Cloudy
Soap-like

Toluene
Soluble
Clear
Insoluble
Clear
Bubbles formed
at the surface
Insoluble
Clear
Bubbles formed
the underlying
surface
and
vanish easily
Insoluble
Cloudier
compared with
conc.
H2SO4+Benzene

Acetylene
Soluble
Clear
Colorless
Slightly soluble
Clear
Colorless
Slightly Soluble
Clear
Colorless

Slightly Soluble
Clear
Colorless

Given the general rule “like dissolves like”, it greatly shows in Table 2, that nonpolar
representative compounds like cyclohexane, benzene, toluene and acetylene dissolve in
nonpolar solvent like dichloromethane. These representative compounds are insoluble in polar
solvents like water, NaOH, and conc. H2SO4.
Table 3. Halogenation: Reaction with Bromine
Representative
Compunds

Br2/CH2Cl2

Alkanes react slowly or not at all with bromine in the dark. Retrieved March 20. the red color rapidly disappears. substitution is fairly rapid. This confirms that potassium permanganate does not react with alkanes because they are saturated.pdf from Dr.hccs. It will undergo a substitution reaction. 2016 from http://swc2. Bubble suspension at the top of the violet layer is perceive in cyclohexane. not partial seconds and often requires a bright light. Pahlavan.d.pdf . (n. but in the presence of sunlight. Since the product is colorless. a much slower reaction can occur. When ammoniacal silver nitrate is added to cyclohexane.edu/pahlavan/2423L8. but it will take minutes. (n. Table 5. Since the reaction with ammoniacal silver nitrate is exclusive to alkynes. 2016 http://www. III. Retrieved March 20. the solution forms two immiscible layers with bubble suspension at the surface.edu/staff/dwoods/Chem-131/Lab/Chem-131%20Lab-03%20101%20Properties%20of%20Hydrocarbons%20(std). Table 4. Oxidation: reaction with Baeyer’s Reagent Representative Baeyer’s Reagent Compounds Cyclohexane Bubbles at the surface Color remains violet Benzene Toluene In this course of reaction. Reaction with Ammoniacal Silver Nitrate Representative Compunds Cyclohexane Ammoniacal Silver Nitrate Insoluble Bubbles at the surface The test with ammoniacal silver nitrate can be used to determine whether the carboncarbon triple bond is found in carbon chain’s end. CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIO IV. the cyclohexane resulted to a negative test in which there is no reaction.Wrapped Clear orange Yellow Orange Pale Orange Cloudy Close to Yellow Unwrapped Cyclohexane Colorless Cloudy Benzene Light Yellow Toluene Pale Yellow Cloudy Acetylene Very Pale Yellow Evaporated Bromine is useful to demonstrate visibly the relative reactivity of compounds containing a double bond or triple bond in comparison to compounds which have no degree of unsaturation. when bromine is added to the alkane. However.pierce. When bromine is added to the alkene in this reaction. Reactions of Hydrocarbons. REFERENCES/ BIBLIOGRAPHY Wood. as an addition reaction occurs across the double bond.) Experiment 8. the test is to be considered as negative since the purple color of the reagent is not completely destroyed this may be due to impurities in the partial reduction of permanganate. the bromine is rapidly decolorized when added to an alkene.d. benzene and toluene.) Properties of Hydrocarbons.ctc.

and cyclohexane.mdma. 1-butyne and 2-butyne c.ch/hiveboard/newbee/000513061. Explain why terminal alkynes are acidic. 4. ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS 1. Retrieved March 25.Rhodium (Chief Bee). 2-methypentane and 2-methyl-2-pentene d. toluene. benzene and ethylbenzene b.1 Course Syllabus V.1 Laboratory Manual Chem 33. a. June 12.Its Causes and Effects. 2004.html Chem 33. What is the function of CCL4 in the bromination reactions? How can it fulfill this role? 2. Give the reagent and the reaction conditions that would distinguish between the following compounds. Solvent Polarity . Write the equations for the reactions involved. 3. Explain the bromination reaction of benzene. toluene and 1-methylcyclohexene . 2016 from http://chemistry.