Observation #1

Class/secti FHS 1500-01
Judith Quintero-Ramirez
Assignmen Observation 1
Child’s age:

13-16 months
Youtube, At a child care center.
Nick is in a daycare with other children and adults. The video
shows him playing outside and inside in various activities.

Biological Development
Gross motor skills are the first development I noticed in Nick. The gross
development suggests that he is able to move larger parts of his body. For
example, he is able to lift his head up crawl, walk and run. The gross motor
skills develop head first the down to the feet, also from proximal, inner core
to out. He is able to walk very well, which means he is developing well
(Berger, 2016, p.100). He has started running although he seems to be
stumble when he does; this suggests that Nick is no more than 18 months,
according to the chart, (Berger, 2016, p. 101). I believe that Nick is between
13 and 16 months of age. Due to the observation that he hardly walks
backwards very much. Nick also tries to jump off stumps. Instead, he ends up
walking off the stump; this is due to his development stage. Another
example would be he is picking things up like the water bottle and the
measuring cups at the water station.
Experience-expectant is “brain functions that require certain basic
common experiences in order to develop normally” (Berger, 2016, p. 96).
Every child will have these experience and is crucial for development.
Experience-dependent is depending on the child’s environment, what are
they exposed to? This type of experiences is not essential to the child
development. Nick is exposed to different activities, some of which he might
not have been exposed to at home. Nick is able to climb on playgrounds both
of which are indoors and outside. He is able to play measuring cups and try
to play water into the bottles, which maybe at home he would not have that
opportunity due to the mess it may cause. He is able to observe other
children play and copy what they are doing.
Cognitive Development

The boy Nick is playing next to is yelling because Nick is grabbing the
balls from him. He is not aware of the feeling of the boy. All Nick know is that
he wants to place the balls on the small ball slide. Egocentrism is “selfcentered” (Berger, 2016, p. 174). Nick does not respond to any of the crying
that is hearing in the background. He doesn’t seem to understand why and
perhaps he disregards the crying. Nick goes around through the activities
without noticing or interacting with other children; this is entirely normative
in young children.
Nick has developed to holophrase. One word stands for a sentence or
phrase. At the beginning of the video he only says the word ball. When Nick
is saying the word ball can have so much meaning coming from a child; he
could be saying “look I found a ball.” We honestly do not know what he
means by the word ball, but we are able to guess what he is trying. As the
adults we respond to Nick, this way he is encouraged to keep learning
phrases. Nick is not over 18 months, so normally he does not have a vast
vocabulary (Berger, 2016, p. 121).
The sensation when one of the senses stimulus occurring (Berger,
2016, p. 97). Nick explores various of environments. He plays with the water,
which may give a cold sensation when he touches it. His hand will feel wet
when he takes his hand out of the water. Nick plays with the toy car at the
beginning of the video. When he spends the wheel with his hand, he may
feel a vibration of the wheel turning. The insect's legs may have an odd
sensation to them, which is why Nick probably keeps picking up the insects
and feeling them.
Psychosocial Development
Paten’s theory of pay suggests that younger children tend not to
interact with each other. As children become older, they become more social.
We saw Nick play by himself, which suggest a solitary play. He is in his little
world and does not notice the other children. He plays on the slide outside by
himself. Another example of solitary play is when Nick plays alone at the
water station before anyone arrives. An onlooker is when the child looks at
others play but does nothing beyond watching. Nick watches the girl play
with the train; he does nothing else then he moves on to the next activity.
Nick also parallel play with other children. Parallel play is when the children
are playing the same activity right next to each other, but they do not
interact with each other. They seem to be playing in their little worlds
(Berger, 2016 p. 212). Nick plays with the insects next a child a who is a bit
older than him, but he does not interact with him.
This is a theory that humans are social and by just observing others we
are able to learn without interacting with the person. Parenting style may
have an effect on the child’s behavior (Berger, 2016, p. 28). Nick watches

how the girls next to him pours water into another container. Nick
immediately picks up a water bottle and attempts to pour water into the
bottle. He wants to jump off along like the boy before he did, but because his
lack of gross motor skills he is unable to get on the log. Nick gets on the log
and attempts to jump off like the boy on the log. He also slides down the
railing of the slide indoors. These are just some few examples of how Nick to
learning by observing others do activities.
Reference List
Berger, K. S. (2016). Invitation to the life span (3rd ed.). New York, NY: Worth