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Workbook #7

STAT 30100 Online


Instructions: Complete all the problems by yourself and go over with your Cyber mentor.
Chapter 5
Section 5.1 and 5.2

1. Which statement best describes a parameter?


A) A parameter is a numerical measure of a population that is almost always unknown
and must be estimated.
B) A parameter is a level of confidence associated with an interval about a sample mean
or proportion.
C) A parameter is a sample size that guarantees the error in estimation is within
acceptable limits.
D) A parameter is an unbiased estimate of a statistic found by experimentation or polling.
2. What is z / 2 when = 0.01?
A) 2.575
B) 1.96
C) 1.645
D) 2.33
3. What is the confidence level of the following confidence interval for ?

x .99

A) 80%
B) 90%
C) 99%
D) 67%

4. Explain what the phrase 95% confident means when we interpret a 95% confidence interval
for .
A) In repeated sampling, 95% of similarly constructed intervals contain the value of the
population mean.
B) 95% of similarly constructed intervals would contain the value of the sampled mean.
C) 95% of the observations in the population fall within the bounds of the calculated
interval.
D) The probability that the sample mean falls in the calculated interval is 0.95.

5. A random sample of 250 students at a university finds that these students take a mean of 15.6
credit hours per quarter with a standard deviation of 2.2 credit hours. Estimate the mean credit
hours taken by a student each quarter using a 99% confidence interval.
Complete the following step for your answer.
i)
Label the parameter:

ii)

Verify all Conditions:

iii)

Calculate the confidence interval.

iv)

Interpret the result:

Section 5.3

6. Find the value of t0 such that the following statement is true: P(-t0 t t0) = .99 where df = 9.
A)
B)
C)
D)

3.250
2.2821
2.262
1.833

7.

Let t0 be a specific value of t. Find t0 such that the following statement is true:
P(t t0) = .01 where df = 20.
A)
2.528
B)
-2.528
C)
2.539
D)
-2.539

8.

Private colleges and universities rely on money contributed by individuals and corporations for
their operating expenses. Much of this money is invested in a fund called an endowment, and the
college spends only the interest earned by the fund. A recent survey of eight private colleges in
the United States revealed the following endowments (in millions of dollars): 81.8, 55, 245.7,
499.9, 116.1, 156.3, 107.3, and 211.9. What value will be used as the point estimate for the mean
endowment of all private colleges in the United States?
A)
184.25
B)
1474
C)
210.571
D)
8

9.

A marketing research company is estimating the average total compensation of CEOs in the
service industry. Data were randomly collected from 18 CEOs and the 97% confidence interval
for the mean was calculated to be ($2,181,260, $5,836,180). Explain what the phrase 97%
confident means.
A)
In repeated sampling, 97% of the intervals constructed would contain .
B)
97% of the population values will fall within the interval.
C)
97% of the sample means from similar samples fall within the interval.
D)
97% of the similarly constructed intervals would contain the value of the
sample mean.

10.

Summary statistics:
n=16

x 97.9375
s 12.6463

Note: For parts (a) and (b), complete the following steps for your answers.
Label the target parameter.
Verify all the required conditions.
Calculate the CI.
Interpret the interval.

11. To help consumers assess the risks they are taking, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
publishes the amount of nicotine found in all commercial brands of cigarettes. A new cigarette has
recently been marketed. The FDA tests on this cigarette yielded mean nicotine content of 28.9 milligrams
and standard deviation of 2.4 milligrams for a sample of n = 9 cigarettes. Construct a 99% confidence
interval for the mean nicotine content of this brand of cigarette.
Note: Complete the following steps for your answers.
Label the target parameter.
Verify all the required conditions.
Calculate the CI.
Interpret the interval.
Section 5.4
12.

A marketing research company is estimating which of two soft drinks college students prefer. A
random sample of 161 college students produced the following confidence interval for the
proportion of college students who prefer drink A: (.344, .494). Is this a large enough sample for
this analysis to work?
A) Yes, since both n p 15 and n(1- p ) 15.
B) Yes, since n = 161 (which is 30 or more).
C) No.
D) It is impossible to say with the given information.

13.

A marketing research company is estimating which of two soft drinks college students prefer. A
random sample of 344 college students produced the following 95% confidence interval for the
proportion of college students who prefer one of the colas: (.344, .473). What additional
assumptions are necessary for the interval to be valid?
A) No additional assumptions are necessary.
B) The sample proportion equals the population proportion.
C) The sample was randomly selected from an approximately normal population.
D) The population proportion has an approximately normal distribution.

14.

The article More States Demand Teens Pass Rigorous Driving Tests (San Luis Obispo Tribune,
January 27, 2000) described a study of auto accidents conducted by the Insurance Institute for
Highway Safety. The Institute found that 14% of the accidents studied involved teenage drivers.
Suppose that this percentage was based on examining records from 500 randomly selected
accidents. Use the information from the study to calculate a 95% confidence interval to estimate
the proportion of accidents involving teenage drivers in the US.

Note: Complete the following steps for your answer.


Label the target parameter.
Verify all the required conditions.
Calculate the CI.
Interpret the interval.

Section 5.5

15.

We intend to estimate the average driving time of Chicago commuters. From a previous study, we
believe that the average time is 42 minutes with a standard deviation of 6 minutes. We want our
99 percent confidence interval to have a margin of error of no more than plus or minus (or within)
2 minutes. What is the smallest sample size that we should consider?
A)
60
B)
8
C)
10
D)
120

16.

A university dean is interested in determining the proportion of students who receive some sort of
financial aid. Rather than examine the records for all students, the dean randomly selects 200
students and finds that 118 of them are receiving financial aid. If the dean wanted to estimate the
proportion of all students receiving financial aid to within 1% with 98% reliability, how many
students would need to be sampled?
A)
13,133
B)
3177
C)
5637
D)
132