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Series V, No.

40
Department of Economic
and Social Affairs
Statistics Division

World
Statistics
Pocketbook
2016 edition

United Nations, New York, 2016

The De partme nt of Econom ic and Soci al Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat is
a vital interface between global policies in the economic, social and environmental
spheres and national action. The Department works in three main interlinked areas:
(i) it compiles, generates and analyses a wide range of economic, social and
environmental data and information on which States Members of the United Nations
draw to review common problems and to take stock of policy options; (ii) it facilitates
the negotiations of Member States in many intergovernmental bodies on joint courses
of action to address ongoing or emerging global challenges; and (iii) it advises
interested Governments on the ways and means of translating policy frameworks
developed in United Nations conferences and summits into programmes at the country
level and, through technical assistance, helps build national capacities.

Note
The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply
the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the United
Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its
authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
The term country as used in this publication also refers, as appropriate, to territories or
areas.

Visit the United Nations World Wide Web site on the Internet:
For the Department of Economic and Social Affairs,
http://www.un.org/esa/desa/
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http://unstats.un.org/unsd/
For UN publications, https://unp.un.org/

ST/ESA/STAT/SER.V/40
United Nations Publication
Sales No. E.16.XVII.13
ISBN-13: 978-92-1-161612-5
eISBN: 978-92-1-058230-8
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United Nations Publications, 300 East 42 n d Street, New York, NY 10017, USA, e-mail:
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World Statistics Pocketbook, 2016 edition
2016 United Nations
New York, NY 10017, United States of America
All rights reserved
Printed in the United States of America

Contents

Introduction ........................................................................................................................................... vii


Symbols, abbreviations and conversion factors ..................................................................................... ix
Country profile information and indicator list ........................................................................................ xi
Country profiles ....................................................................................................................................... 1
Technical notes ................................................................................................................................... 235
Statistical sources and references ...................................................................................................... 247
Related statistical products................................................................................................................. 251
Country profiles
Afghanistan ...........................................................................3

Chad .................................................................................... 42

Albania ..................................................................................4

Channel Islands .................................................................. 43

Algeria...................................................................................5

Chile .................................................................................... 44

American Samoa ..................................................................6

China ................................................................................... 45

Andorra ..................................................................................7

China, Hong Kong SAR ...................................................... 46

Angola ...................................................................................8

China, Macao SAR............................................................. 47

Anguilla .................................................................................9

Colombia............................................................................. 48

Antigua and Barbuda......................................................... 10

Comoros.............................................................................. 49

Argentina............................................................................ 11

Congo .................................................................................. 50

Armenia .............................................................................. 12

Cook Islands ....................................................................... 51

Aruba .................................................................................. 13

Costa Rica........................................................................... 52

Australia ............................................................................. 14

Cte d'Ivoire ....................................................................... 53

Austria ................................................................................ 15

Croatia ................................................................................ 54

Azerbaijan .......................................................................... 16

Cuba .................................................................................... 55

Bahamas............................................................................. 17

Curaao............................................................................... 56

Bahrain ............................................................................... 18

Cyprus ................................................................................. 57

Bangladesh ........................................................................ 19

Czech Republic ................................................................... 58

Barbados ............................................................................ 20

Democratic People's Republic of Korea ........................... 59

Belarus................................................................................ 21

Democratic Republic of the Congo ................................... 60

Belgium .............................................................................. 22

Denmark ............................................................................. 61

Belize .................................................................................. 23

Djibouti ............................................................................... 62

Benin................................................................................... 24

Dominica............................................................................. 63

Bermuda ............................................................................. 25

Dominican Republic ........................................................... 64

Bhutan ................................................................................ 26

Ecuador ............................................................................... 65

Bolivia (Plurinational State of) .......................................... 27

Egypt ................................................................................... 66

Bosnia and Herzegovina.................................................... 28

El Salvador.......................................................................... 67

Botswana ........................................................................... 29

Equatorial Guinea .............................................................. 68

Brazil ................................................................................... 30

Eritrea ................................................................................. 69

British Virgin Islands.......................................................... 31

Estonia ................................................................................ 70

Brunei Darussalam ............................................................ 32

Ethiopia ............................................................................... 71

Bulgaria .............................................................................. 33

Faeroe Islands .................................................................... 72

Burkina Faso ....................................................................... 34

Falkland Islands (Malvinas) .............................................. 73

Burundi ............................................................................... 35

Fiji........................................................................................ 74

Cabo Verde ......................................................................... 36

Finland ................................................................................ 75

Cambodia ........................................................................... 37

France ................................................................................. 76

Cameroon ........................................................................... 38

French Guiana .................................................................... 77

Canada................................................................................ 39

French Polynesia ................................................................ 78

Cayman Islands .................................................................. 40

Gabon.................................................................................. 79

Central African Republic ................................................... 41

Gambia ............................................................................... 80
World Statistics Pocketbook iii

Contents (continued)
Georgia ............................................................................... 81

Marshall Islands .............................................................. 129

Germany ............................................................................. 82

Martinique ........................................................................ 130

Ghana ................................................................................. 83

Mauritania ........................................................................ 131

Gibraltar.............................................................................. 84

Mauritius .......................................................................... 132

Greece ................................................................................ 85

Mexico .............................................................................. 133

Greenland ........................................................................... 86

Micronesia (Federated States of) ................................... 134

Grenada .............................................................................. 87

Monaco............................................................................. 135

Guadeloupe ........................................................................ 88

Mongolia .......................................................................... 136

Guam .................................................................................. 89

Montenegro...................................................................... 137

Guatemala .......................................................................... 90

Montserrat........................................................................ 138

Guinea ................................................................................ 91

Morocco............................................................................ 139

Guinea-Bissau .................................................................... 92

Mozambique..................................................................... 140

Guyana................................................................................ 93

Myanmar .......................................................................... 141

Haiti .................................................................................... 94

Namibia ............................................................................ 142

Honduras ............................................................................ 95

Nauru ................................................................................ 143

Hungary .............................................................................. 96

Nepal ................................................................................ 144

Iceland ................................................................................ 97

Netherlands...................................................................... 145

India .................................................................................... 98

New Caledonia ................................................................ 146

Indonesia ............................................................................ 99

New Zealand .................................................................... 147

Iran (Islamic Republic of) ................................................. 100

Nicaragua ......................................................................... 148

Iraq .................................................................................... 101

Niger ................................................................................. 149

Ireland............................................................................... 102

Nigeria .............................................................................. 150

Isle of Man ....................................................................... 103

Niue .................................................................................. 151

Israel ................................................................................. 104

Northern Mariana Islands ............................................... 152

Italy ................................................................................... 105

Norway ............................................................................. 153

Jamaica ............................................................................ 106

Oman................................................................................. 154

Japan ................................................................................ 107

Pakistan ............................................................................ 155

Jordan............................................................................... 108

Palau ................................................................................. 156

Kazakhstan ....................................................................... 109

Panama ............................................................................. 157

Kenya ................................................................................ 110

Papua New Guinea .......................................................... 158

Kiribati .............................................................................. 111

Paraguay ........................................................................... 159

Kuwait .............................................................................. 112

Peru ................................................................................... 160

Kyrgyzstan ........................................................................ 113

Philippines ........................................................................ 161

Lao People's Democratic Republic ................................. 114

Poland ............................................................................... 162

Latvia ................................................................................ 115

Portugal............................................................................. 163

Lebanon ............................................................................ 116

Puerto Rico ....................................................................... 164

Lesotho ............................................................................. 117

Qatar ................................................................................. 165

Liberia ............................................................................... 118

Republic of Korea............................................................. 166

Libya ................................................................................. 119

Republic of Moldova........................................................ 167

Liechtenstein.................................................................... 120

Runion............................................................................. 168

Lithuania ........................................................................... 121

Romania............................................................................ 169

Luxembourg...................................................................... 122

Russian Federation .......................................................... 170

Madagascar ..................................................................... 123

Rwanda............................................................................. 171

Malawi ............................................................................. 124

Saint Helena..................................................................... 172

Malaysia........................................................................... 125

Saint Kitts and Nevis ....................................................... 173

Maldives........................................................................... 126

Saint Lucia ........................................................................ 174

Mali .................................................................................. 127

Saint Pierre and Miquelon .............................................. 175

Malta ................................................................................ 128

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines .................................. 176

iv World Statistics Pocketbook

Contents (continued)
Samoa............................................................................... 177

Timor-Leste ...................................................................... 205

San Marino ...................................................................... 178

Togo .................................................................................. 206

Sao Tome and Principe.................................................... 179

Tokelau ............................................................................. 207

Saudi Arabia .................................................................... 180

Tonga ................................................................................ 208

Senegal ............................................................................ 181

Trinidad and Tobago ........................................................ 209

Serbia ............................................................................... 182

Tunisia .............................................................................. 210

Seychelles ........................................................................ 183

Turkey ............................................................................... 211

Sierra Leone ..................................................................... 184

Turkmenistan.................................................................... 212

Singapore ......................................................................... 185

Turks and Caicos Islands ................................................. 213

Sint Maarten (Dutch part) .............................................. 186

Tuvalu ............................................................................... 214

Slovakia ............................................................................ 187

Uganda ............................................................................. 215

Slovenia ............................................................................ 188

Ukraine.............................................................................. 216

Solomon Islands .............................................................. 189

United Arab Emirates ...................................................... 217

Somalia ............................................................................ 190

United Kingdom ............................................................... 218

South Africa ..................................................................... 191

United Republic of Tanzania ........................................... 219

South Sudan..................................................................... 192

United States of America ................................................ 220

Spain................................................................................. 193

United States Virgin Islands............................................ 221

Sri Lanka ........................................................................... 194

Uruguay ............................................................................ 222

State of Palestine ............................................................ 195

Uzbekistan ........................................................................ 223

Sudan................................................................................ 196

Vanuatu ............................................................................ 224

Suriname.................................. ........................................ 197

Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) ................................. 225

Swaziland ......................................................................... 198

Viet Nam........................................................................... 226

Sweden ............................................................................ 199

Wallis and Futuna Islands ............................................... 227

Switzerland ...................................................................... 200

Western Sahara ............................................................... 228

Syrian Arab Republic ....................................................... 201

Yemen ............................................................................... 229

Tajikistan .......................................................................... 202

Zambia .............................................................................. 230

Thailand ............................................................................ 203

Zimbabwe ......................................................................... 231

The former Yugoslav Rep. of Macedonia ...................... 204

World Statistics Pocketbook v

Introduction
The World Statistics Pocketbook is an annual compilation of key economic, social
and environmental indicators, presented in one-page profiles. This edition includes
country profiles for 229 countries or areas of the world. Prepared by the United
Nations Statistics Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs, it
responds to General Assembly resolution 2626 (XXV), in which the Secretary-General
is requested to supply basic national data that will increase international public
awareness of countries' development efforts.
The indicators shown are selected from the wealth of international statistical
information compiled regularly by the Statistics Division and the Population Division
of the United Nations, the statistical services of the United Nations specialized
agencies and other international organizations and institutions. Special recognition
is gratefully given for their assistance in continually providing data.

Time period
This issue of the World Statistics Pocketbook covers various years from 2005 to
2016. For the economic indicators, in general, three years - 2005, 2010 and 2014 are shown, unless otherwise indicated. Due to space limitations, data for one year
only are shown for the indicators in the social and in the environment and
infrastructure categories. For 5 social indicators, a year range (2010-2015) is shown.

Organization of the Pocketbook


The country tables or profiles are presented alphabetically according to countries
names in English and contain the available data for the following broad categories:

General information: includes each countrys location by geographical


region, currency, surface area, population and population density, capital
city and its population and United Nations membership date.

Economic indicators: includes data on each countrys national accounts (Gross


domestic product (GDP), GDP growth rate, Gross Value Added (GVA) by
industry etc.), employment by industry sector, unemployment, labour force
participation, consumer price index, production indices (industry, agriculture
and food) and balance of payments.

Trade: contains the value of total exports, imports and the trade balance as
well as the countries main trading partners.

Social indicators: includes population (growth rates, including for the urban
population), total fertility rate, life expectancy, total dependency ratio,
international migrant stock, tourist arrivals, refugees, infant mortality,
health (expenditure and physicians), education (expenditure and gross
enrolment ratios), intentional homicide rate and seats held by women in
national parliaments.

Environmental and infrastructure indicators: includes mobile-cellular


telephone subscriptions, internet users, patents, threatened species,
forested area, CO 2 emission estimates, energy production and energy supply
per capita, proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected, population
World Statistics Pocketbook vii

Introduction (continued)
using improved drinking water sources and improved sanitation facilities and
Official Development assistance received or disbursed.
The complete set of indicators, listed by category and in the order in which they
appear in the profiles, is shown before the country profile section (see page xi). Not
all indicators are shown for each country or area due to different degrees of data
availability.
The technical notes section, which follows the country profile pages, contains
brief descriptions of the concepts and methodologies used in the compilation of the
indicators as well as information on the statistical sources for the indicators.
Readers interested in longer time-series data or more detailed descriptions of the
concepts or methodologies should consult the primary sources of the data and the
references listed in the section following the technical notes.
For brevity the Pocketbook omits specific information on the source or
methodology for individual data points, and when a data point is estimated no
distinction is made between whether the estimation was done by the international or
national organization. See the technical notes section for the primary source which
may provide this information.

Note
The present World Statistics Pocketbook, 2016 edition (Series V, No. 40) is an
update of the previous edition, released in 2015, entitled World Statistics
Pocketbook 2015 edition (Series V, No. 39).
* * *
The World Statistics Pocketbook is prepared annually by the Statistical Services
Branch of the Statistics Division, Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the
United Nations Secretariat. The programme manager is Matthias Reister, the editor
is Ian Rutherford, David Carter, Anuradha Chimata, and Aida Diawara provided
production assistance and Salomon Cameo provided IT support. Comments on this
publication are welcome and may be sent by e-mail to statistics@un.org.

viii World Statistics Pocketbook

Symbols, abbreviations and conversion factors


The following symbols and abbreviations have been used in the World Statistics
Pocketbook:
. Decimal figures are always preceded by a period (.)
... Data not available
Magnitude zero
< Magnitude not zero, but less than half of the unit employed
< Magnitude not zero, but negative and less than half of the unit employed
% Percentage
000 Thousands
65+ Aged sixty-five years and over
CFA Coopration financire en Afrique centrale
CFP Change Franc Pacifique
CIF Cost, Insurance and Freight
CO2 Carbon dioxide
const. Constant
CPI Consumer price index
est. Estimate
f Females
FOB Free on board
GDP Gross domestic product
GNI Gross national income
GVA Gross value added
ISIC International Standard Industrial Classification
ISO International Organization for Standardization
km Kilometres
m Males
mt Metric tons
Nes Not elsewhere specified
pop. Population
proj. Projection
SAR Special Administrative Region
sq km Square kilometre
UN United Nations
UNHCR Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees
UNSD United Nations Statistics Division
US$/USD United States dollars
The metric system of weights and measures has been employed in the World
Statistics Pocketbook. The equivalents of the basic British Imperial and United States
weights and measures are as follows:
Area
Weight or mass

1 square kilometre
1 ton
1 kilogram

Distance
Temperature

1 kilometre
1 millimetre
C

= 0.386102 square mile


= 1.102311 short tons or
= 0.987207 long ton
= 35.273962 avoirdupois ounces
= 2.204623 avoirdupois pounds
= 0.621371 mile
= 0.039 inch
= (F - 32) 5/9

World Statistics Pocketbook ix

Country profile information and indicator list*


General information
Region
Surface area (sq km)
Population (proj., 000)
Pop. density (per sq km)
Capital city
Capital city pop. (000)
Currency
UN membership date
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
GDP per capita (current US$)
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
Employment: Services and other activity (% of employed)
Unemployment (% of labour force)
Labour force participation (female/male pop., %)
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
Index of industrial production (2005=100)
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
Trade
Total trade (exports, imports and balance, million US$)
Major trading partners (exports and imports, %)
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
Urban population (%)
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0 14 and 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
Environmental and infrastructure indicators
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
Threatened species
Forested area (% of land area)
CO2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
Net Official Development Assistance disbursed (% of GNI)
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
* The complete set of information and indicators listed here may not be shown for each
country or area depending upon data availability.

World Statistics Pocketbook xi

Country profiles

Afghanistan

Region
Southern Asia
Surface area (sq km)
652 864
Population (proj., 000) 33 370
Pop. density (per sq km) 51.1
Capital city
Kabul
Capital city pop. (000) 4 635
Currency
Afghani (AFN)
UN membership date
19 November 1946
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
6 622
16 078
21 122
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
9.9
3.2
2.2
GDP per capita (current US$)
271.4
575.0
667.8
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
36.6
29.6
25.7
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
26.9
21.9
22.1
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
36.5
48.5
52.2
a
Unemployment (% of labour force)
10.3
10.1
9.1
a
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
16.4/84.3
16.5/84.0
18.9/83.7
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
106
116
120b
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
106
116
120b
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
...
3 711
6 855
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)c
(% of exports)c
(% of imports)c
Exports
570.5
Pakistan
33.0 Areas nes
44.3d
Imports
7 697.2
India
28.0 Iran
19.5
Balance
7 126.7
Areas nes
27.3d Pakistan
17.3
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
3.0
Urban population (%)
2015
26.7
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
4.0
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
5.1
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
61.1/58.7
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
87
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
382.4/1.2
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
1 421 419
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
71
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
8.2efg
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
0.3
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
4.8a
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
91.8/130.7
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
39.7/70.8
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
3.7/13.3
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
6.6h
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
27.7
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
74.9i
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
6.4a
Threatened species
2015
38
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
2.1a
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
21 269/0.7
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
59
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
10.0a
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
0.5
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
78.2/47.0
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
45.1/27.0
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
23.0
a Estimate. b 2013. c 2014. d See technical notes. e Data revision. f Non-profit institutions (such as NGOs)
serving households are accounted for in external assistance and recorded under government expenditure. GDP includes both licit and illicit GDPs (for example, opium). g Government expenditures include
external assistance (external budget). h 2012. i Data as at the end of December.

World Statistics Pocketbook 3

Albania

Region
Southern Europe
Surface area (sq km)
28 748
Population (proj., 000) 2 904
Pop. density (per sq km) 106.0
Capital city
Tirana
Capital city pop. (000) 454
Currency
Lek (ALL)
UN membership date
14 December 1955
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
8 094
11 927
13 413
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
5.8
3.7
2.1
GDP per capita (current US$)
2 626.1
4 110.1
4 641.7
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
20.1
20.7
22.7
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
33.5
28.9
26.5
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
46.4
50.4
50.8
a
bcd
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
58.5
44.1
...
a
bcd
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
13.5
19.9
...
a
bcd
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
27.8
36.0
...
e
Unemployment (% of labour force)
13.0
14.2
17.5
e
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
47.6/68.5
44.1/63.6
40.4/60.6
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
117
135
147
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
98
119
127f
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
98
119
128f
Index of industrial production (2005=100)
100
200
355
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
571
1 353
1 703
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
1 929.7
Italy
50.9 Italy
30.3
Imports
4 320.2
Serbia
9.9 China
8.6
Balance
2 390.5
Spain
5.2 Turkey
8.0
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
<
Urban population (%)
2015
57.4
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.2
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.8
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
80.2/75.0
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
45
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
57.6/2.0
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
3 341g
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
8 098
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
14
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
5.9
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
1.1
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
3.5f
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
111.2/113.7
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
92.6/100.0
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
73.8/52.4
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
4.0
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
20.7
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
105.5
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
60.1e
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
4.0
Threatened species
2015
112
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
28.2e
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
4 815/1.7
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
85
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
35.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
1.9
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
95.0/95.2
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
95.5/90.2
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
2.1

a Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. b Break in the time series. c Excluding the institutional population. d 2009. e Estimate. f 2013. g Excluding nationals residing abroad.

4 World Statistics Pocketbook

Algeria

Region
Northern Africa
Surface area (sq km)
2 381 741
Population (proj., 000) 40 376
Pop. density (per sq km) 17.0
Capital city
Algiers
Capital city pop. (000) 2 594 a
Currency
Algerian Dinar (DZD)
UN membership date
8 October 1962
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
103 198
161 207
213 518
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
5.9
3.6
3.8
GDP per capita (current US$)
3 102.0
4 473.5
5 484.1
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
8.0
8.6
10.7
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
59.7
51.4
44.0
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
32.3
40.0
45.4
bc
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
20.7
...
10.8de
bc
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
26.0
...
30.9de
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
53.1bc
...
58.4de
Unemployment (% of labour force) f
15.3
10.0
10.6
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) f
12.8/71.8
14.4/70.0
16.7/70.3
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
117
146
183
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
99
125
158g
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
99
125
159g
Index of industrial production (2005=100) b
100
97
104
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
21 180
12 220
9 682
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)h
(% of exports)h
(% of imports)h
Exports
63 227.8
Spain
15.2 China
14.1
Imports
58 618.1
Italy
13.2 France
10.8
Balance
4 609.7
France
11.0 Italy
8.6
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.9
Urban population (%)
2015
70.7
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.8
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
2.9
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
76.8/72.1
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
53
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
242.4/0.6ij
k
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
2 301l
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
100 036m
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
30
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
7.2
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
115.1/122.3
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
101.7/98.1e
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
41.9/27.5
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
1.5
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
31.6
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
93.3
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
18.1f
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
2.0
Threatened species
2015
114
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
0.8f
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
134 216/3.5
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
5 676
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
51.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
7.5
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
84.3/81.8
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
89.8/82.2
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
0.1

a Refers to the Governorate of Grand Algiers. b Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. c 2004. d Break
in the time series. e 2011. f Estimate. g 2013. h 2014. i Including refugees. j Refers to foreign citizens.
k Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders. l Including nationals residing abroad. m According
to the Government of Algeria, there are an estimated 165,000 Sahrawi refugees in the Tindouf camps.

World Statistics Pocketbook 5

American Samoa

Region
Oceania-Polynesia
Surface area (sq km)
199
Population (proj., 000) 56
Pop. density (per sq km) 278.0
Capital city
Pago Pago
Capital city pop. (000) 48 a
Currency
US Dollar (USD)
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) bc
...
3.0
...
Employment: Industry (% of employed) bc
...
23.2
...
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) bc
...
73.8
...
Unemployment (% of labour force) c
...
9.2
...
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
122d
156d
...
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
107
106
106e
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
107
106
106e
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
<
Urban population (%)
2015
87.2
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.1
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
3.1f
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
76.2/68.5g
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
64fh
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
23.2/41.8
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
22
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
15f
Environment and infrastructure
Threatened species
2015
90
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
88.1i
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
8.6
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
100.0/100.0
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
62.5/62.5

a 2014. b Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. c Persons aged 16 years and over. d Excluding `Rent.
e 2013. f 2010. g 2006. h Including armed forces stationed in the area. i Estimate.

6 World Statistics Pocketbook

Andorra

Region
Southern Europe
Surface area (sq km)
468
Population (proj., 000) 69
Pop. density (per sq km) 147.2
Capital city
Andorra la Vella
Capital city pop. (000) 23 a
Currency
Euro (EUR)
UN membership date
28 July 1993
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
3 248
3 346
3 278
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
7.5
7.4
1.4
GDP per capita (current US$)
39 990.3
39 639.3
45 033.0
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) b
0.4
0.5
0.6
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) c
17.7
15.0
12.6
de
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
81.9
84.5
86.8
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) f
113
126
132
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)a
(% of exports)a
(% of imports)a
Exports
94.8
Spain
59.0 Spain
61.7
Imports
1 556.0
France
17.8 France
15.5
Balance
1 461.2
Norway
5.5 China
4.1
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
3.6
Urban population (%)
2015
85.1
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.1
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.2g
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
39g
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
42.1/59.7h
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
2 363
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
8.1
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
3.1
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
0.0
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
39.3
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
82.6
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
95.9i
Threatened species
2015
11
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
34.0i
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
491/6.5
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
1
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
121.0i
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
19.5
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
100.0/100.0
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
100.0/100.0

a 2014. b Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care. c Excludes publishing activities, includes
irrigation canals. d Excludes repair of personal and household goods. e Includes publishing activities and
landscaping care. f Index base: 2001=100. g 2012. h Refers to foreign citizens. i Estimate.

World Statistics Pocketbook 7

Angola

Region
Middle Africa
Surface area (sq km)
1 246 700
Population (proj., 000) 25 831
Pop. density (per sq km) 20.7
Capital city
Luanda
Capital city pop. (000) 5 506
Currency
Kwanza (AOA)
UN membership date
1 December 1976
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
36 971
83 369
146 676
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
15.0
3.6
4.8
GDP per capita (current US$)
2 063.9
3 928.8
6 054.1
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
5.0
6.0
5.0
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
59.8
57.2
56.1
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
35.2
36.9
39.0
Unemployment (% of labour force) a
7.4
7.7
7.6
a
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
61.4/76.9
59.3/77.4
59.9/77.2
b
c
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
1 846
3 438
4 680d
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
102
172
212d
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
102
173
213d
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
5 138
7 506
3 722
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
3.3
Urban population (%)
2015
44.1
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
5.0
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
6.2
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
53.2/50.2
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
100
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
106.8/0.4e
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
595
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
48 545
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
96
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
3.3
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
100.4/156.9f
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
22.7/35.1f
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
8.8/11.0d
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
9.8g
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
36.8
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
63.5
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
21.3a
Threatened species
2015
130
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
46.6a
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
32 464/1.4
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
4 067
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
27.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
5.0
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
75.4/28.2
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
88.6/22.5
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
0.2
a Estimate. b Luanda. c Series linked to former series. d 2013. e Including refugees. f 2011. g 2012.

8 World Statistics Pocketbook

Anguilla

Region
Caribbean
Surface area (sq km)
91
Population (proj., 000) 15
Pop. density (per sq km) 164.0
Capital city
The Valley
Capital city pop. (000) 1 a
Currency
East Caribbean Dollar (XCD)
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
229
268
311
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
13.1
4.5
6.2
GDP per capita (current US$)
18 130.5
19 469.4
21 493.3
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
2.7
2.0
2.2
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
19.3
15.8
16.5
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
78.0
82.2
81.3
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) b
2.9c
...
...
b
c
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
18.9
...
...
b
c
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
76.7
...
...
d
Unemployment (% of labour force)
7.8
...
...
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
67.2/77.2d
...
...
e
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
114
138
148
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
52
51
48f
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.2
Urban population (%)
2015
100.0
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.2
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
81.1/76.5g
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
5.5/37.4
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
71h
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
179.8i
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
70.4i
Threatened species
2015
51
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
61.1i
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
136/9.5
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
0i
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
136.0i
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
94.6/...
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
97.9/...

a 2014. b Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. c 2001. d 2002. e Index base: 2001=100. f 2013. g 2000
- 2002. h Excluding nationals residing abroad. i Estimate.

World Statistics Pocketbook 9

Antigua and Barbuda

Region
Caribbean
Surface area (sq km)
442
Population (proj., 000) 93
Pop. density (per sq km) 210.8
Capital city
Saint John's
Capital city pop. (000) 22 a
Currency
East Caribbean Dollar (XCD) UN membership date
11 November 1981
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
997
1 136
1 248
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
6.1
7.2
4.3
GDP per capita (current US$)
12 079.9
13 017.3
13 731.1
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
2.0
1.9
2.2
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
16.8
18.5
18.1
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
81.2
79.7
79.8
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) b
2.8
2.8c
...
b
c
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
15.6
15.6
...
b
c
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
81.6
81.6
...
d
Unemployment (% of labour force)
8.4
...
...
d
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
65.9/78.4
...
...
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
110
123
133e
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
95
89
89e
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
95
89
89e
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
171
167
204e
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
26.0
United States
30.0 United States
41.9
Imports
465.1
United Kingdom
26.2 Areas nes
16.9f
Balance
439.1
Areas nes
7.7f China
4.4
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.0
Urban population (%)
2015
23.8
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.0
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
2.1
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
78.2/73.3
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
46
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
28.1/30.6
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
249gh
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
10
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
9
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
5.5i
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
93.3/100.9
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
102.8/101.8
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
31.2/15.1j
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
11.2j
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
11.1
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
120.0k
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
64.0k
Threatened species
2015
53
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
22.3k
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
524/5.8
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
84.0k
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
0.2
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
97.9/97.9
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
0.2

a 2014. b Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. c 2008. d 2001. e 2013. f See technical notes. g Arrivals
by air. h Excluding nationals residing abroad. i Data revision. j 2012. k Estimate.

10 World Statistics Pocketbook

Argentina

Region
South America
Surface area (sq km)
2 780 400
Population (proj., 000) 43 847
Pop. density (per sq km) 16.0
Capital city
Buenos Aires
Capital city pop. (000) 15 180 a
Currency
Argentine Peso (ARS)
UN membership date
24 October 1945
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
222 911
464 757
543 490
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
9.2
9.5
0.5
GDP per capita (current US$)
5 694.4
11 274.3
12 645.2
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
8.4
8.2
8.2
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
34.7
30.9
28.8
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
56.9
60.9
63.0
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
1.1bcd
3.0cefg
0.5h
bcd
cefg
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
23.5
24.1
24.0h
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
75.1bcd
72.5cefg
74.7h
Unemployment (% of labour force) i
10.6
7.4
7.3
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) i
48.8/76.6
47.0/74.9
48.3/74.4
jk
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
162
249
332l
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
103
115
120l
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
103
115
120l
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
5 274
1 360
5 877
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
56 752.4
Brazil
17.8 Brazil
21.8
Imports
59 786.8
China
9.1 China
19.7
Balance
3 034.4
United States
6.0 United States
12.9
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.0
Urban population (%)
2015
91.8
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.0
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
2.4
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
79.8/72.2
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
57
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
2 086.3/4.8
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
5 931
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
4 420
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
14
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
4.8m
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
3.9
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
5.3l
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
110.0/111.1l
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
110.3/102.5l
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
99.0/61.5l
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
7.6
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
35.8
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
158.7i
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
64.7i
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
12.0
Threatened species
2015
243
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
10.1i
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
189 819/4.5
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
2 981
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
79.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
5.4
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
99.0/100.0
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
96.2/98.3
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
<

a Refers to Gran Buenos Aires. b Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. c Persons aged 10 years and
over. d 28 urban agglomerations. e Break in the time series. f Excluding the institutional population. g
Urban areas. h Main cities or metropolitan areas. i Estimate. j Buenos Aires. k Metropolitan areas. l 2013.
m Data revision.

World Statistics Pocketbook 11

Armenia

Region
Western Asia
Surface area (sq km)
29 743
Population (proj., 000) 3 026
Pop. density (per sq km) 106.3
Capital city
Yerevan
Capital city pop. (000) 1 044
Currency
Armenian Dram (AMD)
UN membership date
2 March 1992
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
4 900
9 260
10 889
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
13.9
2.2
3.4
GDP per capita (current US$)
1 625.4
3 124.8
3 622.2
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
20.6
18.8a
21.7a
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
44.7
36.3b
29.7b
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
34.7
45.0cd
48.6cd
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
46.2e
38.6fg
36.3fghi
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
15.9e
17.4fg
17.0fghi
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
37.8e
44.0fg
46.7fghi
Unemployment (% of labour force) j
17.2
19.0
16.2
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) j
48.5/67.7
50.9/72.3
54.6/73.0
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
117
154
185
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
103
102
128i
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
103
102
128i
Index of industrial production (2005=100) e
100
105
...
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
124
1 261
849
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
1 482.7
Russian Federation
15.2 Russian Federation
30.4
Imports
3 257.0
China
11.1 China
9.7
Balance
1 774.3
Germany
9.8 Iran
6.1
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.4
Urban population (%)
2015
62.7
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.1
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.6
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
78.4/70.7
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
41
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
191.2/6.3k
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
1 204
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
16 042
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
13
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
4.5
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
2.7
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
2.2
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
48.5/40.1
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
2.0i
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
10.7
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
115.9
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
46.3j
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
41.0
Threatened species
2015
111
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
11.7j
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
5 497/1.8
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
52
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
48.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
24.8
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
100.0/100.0
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
96.2/78.2
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
2.3
a Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care. b Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation
canals. c Excludes repair of personal and household goods. d Includes publishing activities and landscaping care. e Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. f Break in the time series. g Persons aged 15 to
75 years. h Excluding the institutional population. i 2013. j Estimate. k Including refugees.

12 World Statistics Pocketbook

Aruba

Region
Caribbean
Surface area (sq km)
180
Population (proj., 000) 104
Pop. density (per sq km) 579.2
Capital city
Oranjestad
Capital city pop. (000) 29 a
Currency
Aruban Florin (AWG)
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
2 331
2 391
2 664
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
1.2
3.4
1.2
GDP per capita (current US$)
23 302.8
23 529.3
25 750.8
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) b
0.4
0.5
0.5
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) c
19.6
15.4
15.4
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
80.0
84.2
84.2
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) d
...
0.6e
0.6fg
d
e
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
...
14.5
14.0fg
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) d
...
84.4e
85.1fg
Unemployment (% of labour force)
6.9h
10.6eg
...
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
...
59.5/68.9egij 58.8/69.6fg
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
117
139
143
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
105
460
142
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)a
(% of exports)a
(% of imports)a
Exports
116.2
Colombia
31.0 United States
55.9
Imports
1 284.1
Curaao
21.6 Netherlands
11.2
Balance
1 167.9
United States
15.7 Areas nes
7.9k
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.5
Urban population (%)
2015
41.5
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.3
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.7
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
77.8/72.9
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
44
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
36.1/34.8
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
1 072
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
2
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
15
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
6.0f
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
115.4/119.1
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
112.1/110.3l
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
23.8/10.4
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
135.1m
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
83.8m
Threatened species
2015
29
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
2.3m
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
876/8.5
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
1m
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
120.0m
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
0.5
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
98.1/98.1
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
97.7/97.7

a 2014. b Includes mining and quarrying. c Excludes mining and quarrying. d Data classified according to
ISIC Rev. 3. e Persons aged 14 years and over. f 2011. g Break in the time series. h 2001. i Excluding the
institutional population. j Resident population (de jure). k See technical notes. l 2012. m Estimate.

World Statistics Pocketbook 13

Australia

Region
Oceania
Surface area (sq km)
7 692 060 a
Population (proj., 000) 24 309 a
Pop. density (per sq km) 3.2 a
Capital city
Canberra
Capital city pop. (000) 423
Currency
Australian Dollar (AUD)
UN membership date
1 November 1945
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
762 114
1 291 430
1 471 439
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
3.0
2.3
2.7
GDP per capita (current US$)
37 590.2
58 270.0
62 290.1
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) b
3.0
2.5
2.5
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) c
27.9
28.5
27.4
de
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
69.2
69.1
70.1
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
3.6
3.2
2.6f
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
21.5
21.4
20.8f
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
68.1
68.4
69.5f
Unemployment (% of labour force) g
5.0
5.2
6.1
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) g
57.0/72.2
58.7/72.5
58.7/71.0
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
116
134
148
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
108
100
116f
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
108
102
115f
Index of industrial production (2005=100) h
100
111
123
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
43 342
44 714
44 138
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
187 792.2
China
32.5 China
23.1
Imports
200 113.8
Japan
15.9 United States
11.3
Balance
12 321.6
Republic of Korea
7.1 Japan
7.4
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.6a
Urban population (%)
2015
89.4a
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.5a
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.9a
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
84.3/79.9a
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
51a
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
6 763.7/28.2a
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) i
2014
6 868j
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
58 419k
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
4a
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
9.4
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
3.3l
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
5.3f
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
106.2/106.9f
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
133.7/141.2f
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
101.7/72.5f
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
1.0
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
26.7
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
131.2
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
84.6g
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
85.0
Threatened species
2015
909m
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
16.2g
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013 377 906/16.2
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
14 368m
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
231.0m
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
29.0
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
100.0/100.0
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
100.0/100.0
Net Official Development Assistance disbursed (% of GNI) n
2014
0.3

a Including Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Norfolk Island. b Excludes irrigation canals and
landscaping care. c Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals. d Excludes repair of personal
and household goods. e Includes publishing activities and landscaping care. f 2013. g Estimate. h Twelve
months ending 30 June of the year stated. i Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders. j Excluding
nationals residing abroad and crew members. k Asylum-seekers are based on the number of applications
lodged for protection visas. Refugee figure refers to the end of 2014. l 2011. m Excluding overseas
territories. n Development Assistance Committee member (OECD).
14 World Statistics Pocketbook

Austria

Region
Western Europe
Surface area (sq km)
83 871
Population (proj., 000) 8 570
Pop. density (per sq km) 104.0
Capital city
Vienna
Capital city pop. (000) 1 753
Currency
Euro (EUR)
UN membership date
14 December 1955
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
314 641
390 212
436 888
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
2.1
1.9
0.4
GDP per capita (current US$)
38 208.5
46 498.2
51 296.5
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) a
1.4
1.4
1.4
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) b
30.4
28.7
28.0
cd
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
68.2
69.9
70.6
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
4.9ef
4.7
4.3
ef
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
27.8
25.2
26.1
ef
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
67.3
70.1
69.7
Unemployment (% of labour force) g
5.6
4.8
5.6
g
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
51.2/67.3
53.9/67.7
54.7/66.1
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
111
121
133
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
100
103
101h
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
100
103
101h
Index of industrial production (2005=100)
100
110
119
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
6 245
11 480
8 434
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)i
(% of exports)i
(% of imports)i
Exports
169 715.0
Germany
29.2 Germany
36.8
Imports
172 447.5
Italy
6.3 Italy
6.1
Balance
2 732.5
United States
5.9 China
5.6
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.4
Urban population (%)
2015
66.0
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.4
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.5
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
83.6/78.5
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
49
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
1 492.4/17.5
j
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
25 291
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
92 217k
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
3
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
11.2
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
5.6h
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
101.7/102.8
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
96.9/101.6
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
87.6/72.8
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
0.5
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
30.6
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
151.9
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
81.0l
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
475.0
Threatened species
2015
106
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
46.8g
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
62 409/7.4
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
507
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
164.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
28.4
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
100.0/100.0
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
100.0/100.0
Net Official Development Assistance disbursed (% of GNI) m
2014
0.3

a Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care. b Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation
canals. c Excludes repair of personal and household goods. d Includes publishing activities and landscaping care. e Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. f Break in the time series. g Estimate. h 2013. i
2014. j Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of tourism accommodation establishments. k All
figures relate to the end of 2014. l Population age 16-74. m Development Assistance Committee member
(OECD).

World Statistics Pocketbook 15

Azerbaijan

Region
Western Asia
Surface area (sq km)
86 600
Population (proj., 000) 9 868 a
Pop. density (per sq km) 119.4 a
Capital city
Baku
Capital city pop. (000) 2 374 b
Currency
Azerbaijan manat (AZN)
UN membership date
2 March 1992
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
13 245
52 906
75 193
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
28.0
4.6
2.6
GDP per capita (current US$)
1 546.8
5 813.9
7 808.4
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) c
9.8
5.9
5.7
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) d
63.2
64.0
57.9
ef
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
27.0
30.1
36.4
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
39.3g
38.2hi
36.8i
g
hi
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
12.1
13.7
14.3i
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
48.6g
48.1hi
48.9i
Unemployment (% of labour force) j
7.3
5.6
4.9
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) j
60.5/66.3
61.8/67.4
61.6/68.0
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
125
204
...
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
104
118
137k
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
103
122
142k
Index of industrial production (2005=100)
100
200
188
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
167
15 040
10 209
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)l
(% of exports)l
(% of imports)l
Exports
21 751.7
Italy
22.1 Russian Federation
14.3
Imports
9 178.6
Indonesia
9.3 Turkey
14.0
Balance
12 573.1
Germany
8.9 United Kingdom
10.7
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.4a
Urban population (%)
2015
54.6a
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.6a
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
2.3a
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
73.8/67.5a
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
38a
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
264.2/2.7am
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
2 160
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
628 096
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
40a
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
6.0n
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
3.4
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
2.5k
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
105.5/106.6j
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
102.4/103.1j
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
24.8/21.7j
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
2.5
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
16.9
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
110.9
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
61.0j
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
21.0
Threatened species
2015
92
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
13.2j
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
35 643/3.7
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
2 486
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
60.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
14.0
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
94.7/77.8
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
91.6/86.7
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
0.3
a Including Nagorno-Karabakh. b Including communities under the authority of the Town Council. c Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care. d Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals.
e Excludes repair of personal and household goods. f Includes publishing activities and landscaping care.
g Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. h Break in the time series. i Excluding the institutional population. j Estimate. k 2013. l 2014. m Including refugees. n Adjustments for currency change (from old to
new manat) were made for the entire Azerbaijan series starting from World Health Statistics 2008.
16 World Statistics Pocketbook

Bahamas

Region
Caribbean
Surface area (sq km)
13 940
Population (proj., 000) 393
Pop. density (per sq km) 39.2
Capital city
Nassau
Capital city pop. (000) 267 a
Currency
Bahamian Dollar (BSD)
UN membership date
18 September 1973
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
7 706
7 910
8 511
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
3.4
1.5
1.0
GDP per capita (current US$)
23 405.9
21 920.5
22 217.5
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
2.1
2.2
1.6
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
14.6
15.2
19.9
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
83.4
82.6
78.5
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) b
3.5
2.9cd
3.7ce
b
cd
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
17.8
16.0
12.9ce
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) b
78.4
80.8cd
83.0ce
Unemployment (% of labour force) f
10.2
14.7
15.1
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) f
67.7/77.8
69.5/79.2
69.5/79.1
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
110
125
133
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
99
126
134g
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
99
126
134g
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
701
814
1 897
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)a
(% of exports)a
(% of imports)a
Exports
689.2
United States
82.7 United States
85.8
Imports
3 790.4
France
3.8 Barbados
2.6
Balance
3 101.2
Ireland
3.6 Trinidad and Tobago
1.5
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.5
Urban population (%)
2015
82.9
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.5
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.9
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
78.1/72.0
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
41
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
59.3/15.3
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
1 427
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
56
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
9
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
7.7
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
29.8h
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
13.2
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
71.4f
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
76.9f
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
5.0
Threatened species
2015
81
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
51.5f
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
3 110/8.2
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
0
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
118.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
0.5
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
98.4/98.4
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
92.0/92.0
a 2014. b Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. c Break in the time series. d 2009. e 2011. f Estimate.
g 2013. h 2012.

World Statistics Pocketbook 17

Bahrain

Region
Western Asia
Surface area (sq km)
771
Population (proj., 000) 1 397
Pop. density (per sq km) 1 837.9
Capital city
Manama
Capital city pop. (000) 411 a
Currency
Bahraini Dinar (BHD)
UN membership date
21 September 1971
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
15 969
25 713
33 850
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
6.8
4.3
4.5
GDP per capita (current US$)
18 418.1
20 386.0
24 854.4
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) b
0.3
0.3
0.3
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) b
42.8
45.5
47.4
b
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
56.9
54.3
52.3
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
0.8cde
1.1
...
cde
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
15.0
35.3
...
cde
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
84.2
62.4
...
f
Unemployment (% of labour force)
1.3
1.1
1.2
f
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
36.2/84.5
41.3/87.0
39.4/85.2
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
105
120
130
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
92
115
207g
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
92
115
207g
Index of industrial production (2005=100) c
100
117
134
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
1 474
770
1 124
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)h
(% of exports)h
(% of imports)h
Exports
18 030.7
... Saudi Arabia
41.7
Imports
20 073.7
... China
8.1
Balance
2 043.0
... United Arab Emirates
5.3
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.8
Urban population (%)
2015
88.8
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.7
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
2.1
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
77.4/75.6
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
31
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
704.1/51.1i
j
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
10 452
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
355
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
7
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
5.0k
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
0.9l
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
2.6l
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
56.5/24.2
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
0.5m
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
7.5
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
173.3
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
91.0n
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
5.0
Threatened species
2015
32
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
0.7f
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
31 958/23.7
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
920
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
425.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
4.4
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
100.0/100.0
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
99.2/99.2
a Refers to the urban area of the municipality of Al-Manamah. b At producers' prices. c Data classified
according to ISIC Rev. 3. d Break in the time series. e 2004. f Estimate. g 2013. h 2014. i Refers to foreign
citizens. j Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders. k Data revision. l 2012. m 2011. n Population
age 15+.

18 World Statistics Pocketbook

Bangladesh

Region
Southern Asia
Surface area (sq km)
147 570
Population (proj., 000) 162 911
Pop. density (per sq km) 1 251.5
Capital city
Dhaka
Capital city pop. (000) 17 598 a
Currency
Taka (BDT)
UN membership date
17 September 1974
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
57 628
114 508
173 062
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
6.0
5.6
6.1
GDP per capita (current US$)
403.2
755.2
1 087.9
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
20.1
17.8
16.1
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
27.2
26.1
27.6
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
52.6
56.0
56.3
b
cd
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
48.1
47.5
...
b
cd
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
14.5
17.7
...
b
cd
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
37.4
35.3
...
e
Unemployment (% of labour force)
4.3
4.5
4.5
e
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
48.1/84.1
42.0/82.3
43.1/80.9
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) f
127
183
264
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
103
129
136g
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
103
130
136g
Index of industrial production (2005=100) bh
100
148
206g
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
508c
2 109
1 677
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)i
(% of exports)i
(% of imports)i
Exports
24 313.7
United States
21.0 Thailand
22.8
Imports
41 221.7
Germany
15.6 India
11.2
Balance
16 908.0
United Kingdom
9.5 China
8.8
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.2
Urban population (%)
2015
34.3
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
3.6
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
2.2
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
72.3/69.9
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
53
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
1 422.8/0.9j
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
125
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
232 986k
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
33
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
2.8
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
0.4i
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
2.0eg
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
115.1/108.7ei
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
60.7/56.1g
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
11.4/15.4
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
2.8
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
20.0
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
75.9l
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
9.6e
Threatened species
2015
137
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
11.0e
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
68 951/0.4
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
1 410
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
10.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
3.4
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
86.5/87.0
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
57.7/62.1
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
1.3
a Mega city. b Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. c Break in the time series. d Economic activity
refers to jobs. As a result, the sum of the categories may not add up to the total. e Estimate. f Government
officials. g 2013. h Twelve months ending 30 June of the year stated. i 2011. j Including refugees. k The
refugee population includes 200,000 persons originating from Myanmar in a refugee-like situation. The
Government of Bangladesh estimates the population to be between 300,000 and 500,000. l Data as at
the end of December.

World Statistics Pocketbook 19

Barbados

Region
Caribbean
Surface area (sq km)
430
Population (proj., 000) 285
Pop. density (per sq km) 662.8
Capital city
Bridgetown
Capital city pop. (000) 90 a
Currency
Barbados Dollar (BBD)
UN membership date
9 December 1966
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
3 897
4 447
4 353
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
4.0
0.3
0.2
GDP per capita (current US$)
14 223.1
15 905.7
15 360.1
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
1.8
1.6
1.7
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
16.9
14.4
11.2
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
81.3
84.0
87.1
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
3.3bc
2.8d
2.7def
bc
d
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
17.3
19.6
18.9def
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
69.7bc
77.5d
78.4def
Unemployment (% of labour force) g
9.1
10.8
12.3
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) g
64.2/75.4
63.5/73.1
62.6/71.1
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
113
149
177
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
106
92
97f
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
106
92
97f
Index of industrial production (2005=100) h
100
88
80
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
467
236
248f
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
482.8
United States
32.6 United States
39.2
Imports
1 617.9
Areas nes
15.7i Trinidad and Tobago
15.8
Balance
1 135.1
Trinidad and Tobago
8.2 China
5.6
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.3
Urban population (%)
2015
31.5
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.1
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.8
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
77.7/72.9
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
50
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
34.5/12.1
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
521
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
1
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
10
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
7.5
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
6.7
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
94.2/93.1
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
110.7/107.9
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
90.6/40.3j
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
8.8
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
16.7
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
106.8
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
76.7g
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
3.0
Threatened species
2015
51
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
14.7g
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
1 448/5.1
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
3
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
69.0
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
99.7/99.7
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
96.2/96.2
a 2014. b Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2. c 2004. d Break in the time series. e Excluding the
institutional population. f 2013. g Estimate. h Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. i See technical
notes. j 2011.

20 World Statistics Pocketbook

Belarus

Region
Eastern Europe
Surface area (sq km)
207 600
Population (proj., 000) 9 482
Pop. density (per sq km) 46.7
Capital city
Minsk
Capital city pop. (000) 1 915 a
Currency
Belarusian Ruble (BYR)
UN membership date
24 October 1945
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
30 210
55 221
76 139
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
9.4
7.7
1.6
GDP per capita (current US$)
3 133.6
5 817.6
8 014.3
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
9.8
10.2
8.6
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
43.4
40.8
41.3
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
46.8
49.0
50.1
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
...
10.5b
9.6bcde
b
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
...
34.1
33.2bcde
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
...
55.3b
57.2bcde
Unemployment (% of labour force) f
6.1
6.0
5.9
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) f
53.8/66.6
54.5/67.7
54.6/68.1
g
h
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
384
623
...
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
98
117
116e
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
98
117
116e
Index of industrial production (2005=100) c
100
146
163
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
459
8 280
5 197
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
26 757.9
Russian Federation
38.3 Russian Federation
56.3
Imports
29 940.9
United Kingdom
11.3 China
6.9
Balance
3 183.0
Ukraine
9.5 Germany
4.6
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
<
Urban population (%)
2015
76.7
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.1
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.6
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
77.0/65.3
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
43
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
1 082.9/11.4
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
137i
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
7 928
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
4
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
5.7
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
3.9
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
5.0
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
99.1/98.9
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
106.1/107.9
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
102.0/76.5
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
3.6
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
27.3
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
122.5
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
59.0j
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
82.0
Threatened species
2015
21
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
42.4f
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
63 769/6.7
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
167
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
120.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
8.6
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
99.9/99.1
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
94.1/95.2
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
0.2
a Including communities under the authority of the Town Council. b Break in the time series. c Data
classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. d Persons aged 16 years and over. e 2013. f Estimate. g Annual average
is weighted mean of monthly data. h Series linked to former series. i Package tour only. j Population age
6+.

World Statistics Pocketbook 21

Belgium

Region
Western Europe
Surface area (sq km)
30 528
Population (proj., 000) 11 372
Pop. density (per sq km) 375.6
Capital city
Brussels
Capital city pop. (000) 2 045 a
Currency
Euro (EUR)
UN membership date
27 December 1945
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
387 356
483 549
531 547
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
2.1
2.7
1.4
GDP per capita (current US$)
36 676.5
44 240.6
47 348.2
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) b
0.9
0.9
0.7
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) c
25.1
23.2
22.2
de
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
74.0
76.0
77.2
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
2.0fg
1.3
1.1
fg
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
24.8
23.5
21.5
fg
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
73.2
75.2
77.4
Unemployment (% of labour force) h
8.4
8.3
8.5
h
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
45.8/61.4
47.8/60.8
48.2/59.3
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
111
123
133i
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
100
100
101j
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
100
100
101j
Index of industrial production (2005=100)
100
117
121
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
7 703
7 973
1 187
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
397 739.2
Germany
16.8 Netherlands
16.7
Imports
371 025.0
France
15.4 Germany
12.7
Balance
26 714.2
Netherlands
11.4 France
9.5
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.7
Urban population (%)
2015
97.9
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.5
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.8
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
83.0/78.0
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
54
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
1 387.9/12.3k
l
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
7 887
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
45 778
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
3
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
10.6
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
6.4m
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
104.9/104.8
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
175.4/154.7
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
83.4/63.6
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
1.8
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
39.3
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
114.3
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
85.0n
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
250.0
Threatened species
2015
30
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
22.5h
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
93 619/8.4
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
619
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
210.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
24.3
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
100.0/100.0
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
99.5/99.4
Net Official Development Assistance disbursed (% of GNI) o
2014
0.5

a Refers to the population of Brussels-Capital Region and 'communes' of the agglomeration and suburbs.
b Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care. c Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation
canals. d Excludes repair of personal and household goods. e Includes publishing activities and landscaping care. f Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. g Break in the time series. h Estimate. i Series
linked to former series. j 2013. k Refers to foreign citizens. l Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types
of tourism accommodation establishments. m 2011. n Population age 16-74. o Development Assistance
Committee member (OECD).
22 World Statistics Pocketbook

Belize

Region
Central America
Surface area (sq km)
22 966
Population (proj., 000) 367
Pop. density (per sq km) 16.1
Capital city
Belmopan
Capital city pop. (000) 17 a
Currency
Belize Dollar (BZD)
UN membership date
25 September 1981
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
1 114
1 397
1 699
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
3.0
3.3
3.6
GDP per capita (current US$)
3 933.3
4 344.1
4 831.2
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
14.7
12.6
13.9
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
16.5
20.7
19.8
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
68.8
66.7
66.4
b
c
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
19.5
...
...
b
c
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
17.9
...
...
b
c
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
62.5
...
...
d
Unemployment (% of labour force)
11.0
13.3
11.6
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) d
45.7/81.8
51.9/82.6
56.1/83.5
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
113
128
134
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
97
93
105e
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
97
93
105e
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
151
46
136
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
328.9
United States
40.2 United States
33.8
Imports
1 028.7
United Kingdom
24.9 Mexico
10.6
Balance
699.8
Mexico
4.6 China
10.1
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.2
Urban population (%)
2015
44.0
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.9
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
2.6
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
72.7/67.2
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
57
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
53.9/15.0f
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
321
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
146
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
14
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
5.8g
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
6.2e
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
109.0/114.4
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
81.7/78.1
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
30.1/18.3e
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
34.4
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
3.1
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
50.7d
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
38.7d
Threatened species
2015
117
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
60.3d
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
517/1.5
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
10d
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
39.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
18.6
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
98.9/100.0
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
93.5/88.2
a 2014. b Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. c Persons aged 14 years and over. d Estimate. e 2013.
f Including refugees. g Data revision.

World Statistics Pocketbook 23

Benin

Region
Western Africa
Surface area (sq km)
114 763
Population (proj., 000) 11 167
Pop. density (per sq km) 99.0
a
Capital city
Porto-Novo
Capital city pop. (000) 268 b
Currency
CFA Franc (XOF)
UN membership date
20 September 1960
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
4 804
6 970
9 575
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
1.7
2.1
6.5
GDP per capita (current US$)
587.1
733.0
903.5
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
27.1
25.4
23.0
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
30.3
24.7
22.7
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
42.5
49.9
54.3
cd
ef
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
42.7
45.1
...
cd
ef
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
9.5
10.4
...
cd
ef
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
46.2
44.0
...
g
Unemployment (% of labour force)
1.1
1.0
1.1
g
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
67.4/77.0
69.3/73.7
70.0/73.4
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) h
115
134i
146
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
102
115
145j
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
102
122
150j
Index of industrial production (2005=100) kl
100
129
148j
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
270
618
885
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)b
(% of exports)b
(% of imports)b
Exports
951.0
Gabon
14.9 India
13.3
Imports
3 596.1
China
9.9 Thailand
12.6
Balance
2 645.1
India
8.6 France
8.3
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.7
Urban population (%)
2015
44.0
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
3.7
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
4.9
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
60.6/57.8
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
82
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
245.4/2.3mn
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
242
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
572
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
69
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
4.6
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
4.4
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
119.9/131.1
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
43.9/64.8
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
8.4/22.4j
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
6.3o
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
7.2
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
101.7
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
5.3g
Threatened species
2015
74
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
39.1g
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
5 798/0.6
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
94
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
16.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
22.3
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
85.3/72.2
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
35.6/7.3
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
6.9
a Porto-Novo is the constitutional capital and Cotonou is the economic capital. b 2014. c Data classified
according to ISIC Rev. 2. d 2003. e Break in the time series. f Persons aged 15 to 64 years. g Estimate.
h Cotonou. i Series linked to former series. j 2013. k Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. l Country
data supplemented with data from the Observatoire Economique et Statistique dAfrique Subsaharienne
(Afristat). m Including refugees. n Refers to foreign citizens. o 2012.

24 World Statistics Pocketbook

Bermuda

Region
Northern America
Surface area (sq km)
53
Population (proj., 000) 62
Pop. density (per sq km) 1 233.2
Capital city
Hamilton
Capital city pop. (000) 10 a
Currency
Bermudian Dollar (BMD)
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
4 868
5 855
5 601
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
1.7
2.5
0.4
GDP per capita (current US$)
74 751.8
91 555.4
89 795.3
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
0.8
0.7
0.6
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
9.7
7.1
5.3
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
89.5
92.2
94.1
bc
def
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
1.7
1.4
1.6dfgh
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
12.1bc
12.9def
10.3dfgh
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
86.2bc
85.7def
87.6dfgh
Unemployment (% of labour force) f
...
4.5ei
6.7gh
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
...
81.0/87.0f 72.6/80.0fgj
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
116
136
148
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
98
116
120h
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
98
116
120h
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
...
696
827
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
8.6
United States
81.4 United States
65.6
Imports
928.9
United Kingdom
11.6 Canada
14.7
Balance
920.3
Switzerland
3.5 United Kingdom
3.9
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.6
Urban population (%)
2015
100.0
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.2
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.6h
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
84.5/76.9h
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
46h
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
19.1/30.9
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
224k
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
1.8
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
86.1/88.8
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
77.4/68.0
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
36.1/19.1
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
4.8h
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
90.9
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
96.8l
Threatened species
2015
64
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
20.0l
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
363/5.8
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
1l
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
88.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
5.1
a 2014. b Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2. c 2004. d Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. e
Break in the time series. f Persons aged 16 years and over. g Excluding the institutional population. h
2013. i 2009. j 2012. k Arrivals by air. l Estimate.

World Statistics Pocketbook 25

Bhutan

Region
Southern Asia
Surface area (sq km)
38 394
Population (proj., 000) 784
Pop. density (per sq km) 20.6
Capital city
Thimphu
Capital city pop. (000) 152 a
Currency
Ngultrum (BTN)
UN membership date
21 September 1971
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
819
1 585
1 965
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
7.1
11.7
6.4
GDP per capita (current US$)
1 257.6
2 201.3
2 568.7
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
23.2
17.5
17.1
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
37.3
44.6
44.0
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
39.5
37.9
39.0
b
cd
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
43.6
59.5
56.3cef
b
cd
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
17.2
6.7
11.0cef
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) b
39.2cd
33.8
32.7cef
Unemployment (% of labour force) g
3.1
3.3
2.6
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) g
65.2/77.7
63.8/74.5
58.3/72.3
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
117
156
222
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
106
95
97f
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
106
94
97f
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
...
323
484
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)h
(% of exports)h
(% of imports)h
Exports
531.2
India
93.7 India
78.8
Imports
991.7
Bangladesh
4.1 Republic of Korea
3.1
Balance
460.5
Italy
0.4 China
2.5
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.5
Urban population (%)
2015
38.6
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
3.7
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
2.1
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
69.1/68.6
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
47
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
51.1/6.6
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
134
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
30
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
3.6
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
0.3h
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
5.9
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
102.9/101.4
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
87.1/81.4
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
9.2/12.6f
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
2.7
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
8.5
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
82.1
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
34.4g
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
4.0f
Threatened species
2015
71
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
71.8g
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
884/1.2
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
75
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
83.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
47.3
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
100.0/100.0
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
77.9/33.1
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
7.4
a 2014. b Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. c Break in the time series. d Services include activities
not adequately defined. e Excluding overseas territories. f 2013. g Estimate. h 2012.

26 World Statistics Pocketbook

Bolivia (Plurinational State of)

Region
South America
Surface area (sq km)
1 098 581 a
Population (proj., 000) 10 888
Pop. density (per sq km) 10.1
Capital city
Sucre b
Capital city pop. (000) 372
Currency
Boliviano (BOB)
UN membership date
14 November 1945
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
9 549
19 650
32 996
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
4.4
4.1
5.5
GDP per capita (current US$)
1 046.4
1 981.2
3 124.1
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
13.9
12.4
12.4
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
31.0
35.9
35.0
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
55.2
51.8
52.6
cd
cdef
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
38.6
32.1
...
cd
cdef
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
19.4
20.0
...
cd
cdef
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
42.0
47.9
...
g
Unemployment (% of labour force)
5.4
2.6
3.2
g
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
60.7/81.4
62.5/82.3
63.8/82.5
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) h
117
160
205
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
100
120
134i
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
100
120
134i
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
622
874
16
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
8 908.7
Brazil
27.5 China
18.0
Imports
9 682.4
Argentina
16.8 Brazil
16.5
Balance
773.7
United States
12.4 Argentina
11.7
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.6
Urban population (%)
2015
68.5
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.3
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
3.0
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
70.2/65.3
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
64
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
143.0/1.3
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
871
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
775
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
43
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
6.3jk
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
0.5l
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
7.3
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
84.4/85.0i
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
12.4m
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
53.1
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
96.3
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
39.0g
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
1.0
Threatened species
2015
216
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
51.1g
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
19 703/1.9
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
912
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
32.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
24.8
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
96.7/75.6
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
60.8/27.6
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
2.1

a Data updated according to 'Superintendencia Agraria'. Interior waters correspond to natural or artificial
bodies of water or snow. b La Paz is the seat of government and Sucre is the constitutional capital. c
Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. d Persons aged 10 years and over. e Break in the time series. f
2009. g Estimate. h Urban areas. i 2013. j Data revision. k Funds previously included in social security
were reclassified. l 2011. m 2012.

World Statistics Pocketbook 27

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Region
Southern Europe
Surface area (sq km)
51 209
Population (proj., 000) 3 802
Pop. density (per sq km) 74.6
Capital city
Sarajevo
Capital city pop. (000) 318
Currency
Convertible Mark (BAM)
UN membership date
22 May 1992
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
11 225
17 164
18 491
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
3.9
0.8
1.3
GDP per capita (current US$)
2 928.2
4 475.3
4 843.7
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) a
9.8
8.0
7.1
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) b
25.3
26.4
26.0
cd
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
64.9
65.6
66.9
Unemployment (% of labour force) e
25.9
27.2
31.2
e
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
31.8/58.3
34.6/59.6
34.5/58.2
f
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
100
118
123
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
98
107
113g
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
98
108
114g
Index of industrial production (2005=100) h
100
135
...
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
1 844
1 031
1 451
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
5 099.1
Germany
15.7 Germany
12.1
Imports
8 993.9
Italy
13.5 Italy
11.1
Balance
3 894.8
Croatia
10.3 Serbia
10.9
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.1
Urban population (%)
2015
39.8
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.1
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.3
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
78.8/73.7
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
41
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
34.8/0.9ei
j
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
536
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
143 851
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
8
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
9.6
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
1.9
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
100.4/100.0
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
90.1/87.4
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
54.7/40.9
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
1.3
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
21.4
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
91.3
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
60.8e
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
11.0
Threatened species
2015
85
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
42.7e
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
21 907/5.7
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
192
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
70.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
1.3
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
99.7/100.0
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
98.9/92.0
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
3.4
a Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care. b Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation
canals. c Excludes repair of personal and household goods. d Includes publishing activities and landscaping care. e Estimate. f Index base: 2005=100. g 2013. h Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. i
Including refugees. j Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of tourism accommodation establishments.

28 World Statistics Pocketbook

Botswana

Region
Southern Africa
Surface area (sq km)
582 000
Population (proj., 000) 2 304
Pop. density (per sq km) 4.1
Capital city
Gaborone
Capital city pop. (000) 247 a
Currency
Pula (BWP)
UN membership date
17 October 1966
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
9 931
12 787
15 813
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
4.6
8.6
4.4
GDP per capita (current US$)
5 327.9
6 244.0
7 123.4
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
2.0
2.8
2.4
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
47.6
35.7
37.9
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
50.3
61.6
59.7
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
21.2bcdef
26.4
...
bcdef
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
22.6
17.5
...
bcdef
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
56.1
56.1
...
g
Unemployment (% of labour force)
20.5
17.9
17.9
g
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
71.4/80.9
72.7/81.0
73.3/81.1
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
146
227
293
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
101
124
130h
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
101
124
130h
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
1 634
356
2 496
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)i
(% of exports)i
(% of imports)i
Exports
5 881.9
United Kingdom
62.4 South Africa
65.7
Imports
7 272.0
South Africa
13.5 China
10.9
Balance
1 390.1
Israel
5.2 United Kingdom
9.9
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.0
Urban population (%)
2015
57.4
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.3
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
2.9
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
66.5/61.8
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
55
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
160.6/7.1j
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
1 544h
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
2 412
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
32
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
5.4
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
107.0/110.1h
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
86.2/81.6h
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
31.8/23.3
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
9.5
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
167.3
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
18.5g
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
2.0
Threatened species
2015
24
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
19.5g
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
5 423/2.5
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
42
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
39.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
29.2
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
99.2/92.3
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
78.5/43.1
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
0.6
a 2014. b Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. c Break in the time series. d Excluding conscripts. e
Persons aged 12 years and over. f 2003. g Estimate. h 2013. i 2011. j Refers to foreign citizens.

World Statistics Pocketbook 29

Brazil

Region
South America
Surface area (sq km)
8 514 877
Population (proj., 000) 209 568
Pop. density (per sq km) 25.1
Capital city
Brasilia
Capital city pop. (000) 4 155 a
Currency
Brazilian Real (BRL)
UN membership date
24 October 1945
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
892 107
2 209 400
2 346 523
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
3.2
7.6
0.2
GDP per capita (current US$)
4 733.2
11 124.1
11 386.6
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) b
5.5
4.9
5.6
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) c
28.6
27.4
23.4
de
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
65.9
67.8
71.0
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) fg
20.5
17.0hi
14.5hjk
fg
hi
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
21.4
22.1
22.6jk
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) fg
57.9
60.7hi
62.9jk
Unemployment (% of labour force) l
9.3
7.9
6.8
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) l
59.1/82.4
57.6/80.7
56.5/78.7
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
151
190
242
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
99
122
135k
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
99
123
136k
Index of industrial production (2005=100)
100
115
111
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
13 984
75 760h 104 181
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
191 126.9
China
18.6 China
17.9
Imports
171 446.2
United States
12.7 United States
15.6
Balance
19 680.7
Argentina
6.7 Germany
6.1
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.9
Urban population (%)
2015
85.7
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.2
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.8
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
77.9/70.3
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
45
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
713.6/0.3
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
6 430
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
66 002
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
20
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
8.3
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
1.9
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
5.9m
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
107.0/112.4kl
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
106.2/97.8kl
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
53.4/39.6kl
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
24.6
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
9.9
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
139.0
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
57.6l
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
23.0
Threatened species
2015
966
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
59.3l
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
503 677/2.5
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
10 360
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
59.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
20.4
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
100.0/87.0
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
88.0/51.5
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
<

a Refers to the Regio Integrada de Desenvolvimento do Distrito Federal e Entorno. b Excludes irrigation
canals and landscaping care. c Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals. d Includes publishing activities and landscaping care. e Excludes repair of personal and household goods. f Data
classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. g Persons aged 10 years and over. h Break in the time series. i 2009.
j Excluding the institutional population. k 2013. l Estimate. m 2012.

30 World Statistics Pocketbook

British Virgin Islands

Region
Caribbean
Surface area (sq km)
151
Population (proj., 000) 31
Pop. density (per sq km) 204.4
Capital city
Road Town
Capital city pop. (000) 13 a
Currency
US Dollar (USD)
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
870
894
902
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
14.3
1.3
0.3
GDP per capita (current US$)
37 550.2
32 839.9
30 501.5
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
1.1
1.0
1.0
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
11.9
10.0
11.1
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
87.1
89.0
87.9
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) b
...
0.5
...
b
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
...
11.1
...
b
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
...
87.4
...
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
110
...
...
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
100
102
104c
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
100
102
104c
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.0
Urban population (%)
2015
46.2
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.8
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
78.5/69.9d
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
17.3/57.5
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
386
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
169.6
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
38.5e
Threatened species
2015
61
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
24.2e
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
176/6.0
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
0
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
85.0e
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
0.1
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
97.5/97.5
a 2014. b Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. c 2013. d 2004. e Estimate.

World Statistics Pocketbook 31

Brunei Darussalam

Region
South-Eastern Asia
Surface area (sq km)
5 765
Population (proj., 000) 429
Pop. density (per sq km) 81.4
Capital city
Bandar Seri Begawan
Capital city pop. (000) 14 a
Currency
Brunei Dollar (BND)
UN membership date
21 September 1984
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
10 561
13 707
17 104
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
0.4
2.6
2.3
GDP per capita (current US$)
29 183.8
34 851.4
40 978.5
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) b
0.9
0.7
0.9
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) c
72.1
67.4
66.8
de
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
27.0
31.9
32.4
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
1.4fg
...
0.6h
fg
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
21.4
...
18.7h
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
77.2fg
...
80.8h
Unemployment (% of labour force) i
2.4
1.7
1.6
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) i
55.2/78.1
54.1/76.9
51.1/75.5
j
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
101
105
105
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
75
139
167k
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
75
140
167k
Index of industrial production (2005=100) f
100
88
79
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
4 033
5 016h
4 750
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)a
(% of exports)a
(% of imports)a
Exports
10 508.8
Japan
37.2 Malaysia
20.6
Imports
3 598.7
Republic of Korea
11.0 Singapore
20.4
Balance
6 910.1
India
9.1 China
9.9
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.5
Urban population (%)
2015
77.2
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.8
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.9
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
80.4/76.6
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
38
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
102.7/24.3
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
201l
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
20 524
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
4
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
2.7
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
1.4m
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
3.8
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
107.6/107.3
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
99.1/99.1
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
40.1/23.8
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
0.5k
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
110.1
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
68.8i
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
61.0
Threatened species
2015
189
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
72.1i
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
7 785/18.9
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
710
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
310.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
29.7
a 2014. b Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care. c Excludes publishing activities, includes
irrigation canals. d Excludes repair of personal and household goods. e Includes publishing activities and
landscaping care. f Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. g 2001. h Break in the time series. i Estimate.
j Series linked to former series. k 2013. l Arrivals by air. m 2012.

32 World Statistics Pocketbook

Bulgaria

Region
Eastern Europe
Surface area (sq km)
111 002
Population (proj., 000) 7 098
Pop. density (per sq km) 65.4
Capital city
Sofia
Capital city pop. (000) 1 226
Currency
Bulgarian Lev (BGN)
UN membership date
14 December 1955
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
29 821
49 939
56 718
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
7.2
0.1
1.6
GDP per capita (current US$)
3 881.6
6 741.9
7 876.1
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) a
8.7
5.1
5.3
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) b
28.8
27.8
28.4
cd
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
62.5
67.1
66.4
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
8.4e
6.7
6.9
e
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
34.5
33.4
30.3
e
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
57.0
59.9
62.8
Unemployment (% of labour force) f
10.1
10.2
11.4
f
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
44.6/56.3
47.5/59.5
48.6/60.1
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
130
178
190
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
91
106
116g
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
91
107
118g
Index of industrial production (2005=100) h
100
98
105
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
3 347
504i
693
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
25 778.7
Germany
12.4 Germany
12.9
Imports
29 265.1
Italy
9.2 Russian Federation
12.0
Balance
3 486.4
Turkey
8.6 Italy
7.6
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.7
Urban population (%)
2015
73.9
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.3
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.5
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
77.6/70.6
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
52
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
102.1/1.4
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
7 311
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
18 953j
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
9
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
8.4
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
3.9k
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
3.5k
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
98.8/99.4
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
99.0/102.6
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
79.0/63.0
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
1.6
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
20.4
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
137.7fl
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
55.5m
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
35.0
Threatened species
2015
85
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
34.9f
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
39 563/5.5
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
443
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
97.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
31.5
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
99.6/99.0
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
86.8/83.7
Net Official Development Assistance disbursed (% of GNI)
2014
0.1

a Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care. b Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation
canals. c Excludes repair of personal and household goods. d Includes publishing activities and landscaping care. e Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. f Estimate. g 2013. h Excluding water and waste
management. i Break in the time series. j Refugee population relates to the end of 2014. k 2012. l Excludes
data-only subscriptions. m Population age 16-74.

World Statistics Pocketbook 33

Burkina Faso

Region
Western Africa
Surface area (sq km)
272 967
Population (proj., 000) 18 634
Pop. density (per sq km) 68.1
Capital city
Ouagadougou
Capital city pop. (000) 2 741
Currency
CFA Franc (XOF)
UN membership date
20 September 1960
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
5 463
8 980
12 756
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
8.7
8.5
5.0
GDP per capita (current US$)
407.0
574.5
725.2
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
38.9
35.6
35.4
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
17.9
23.0
24.2
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
43.1
41.4
40.3
a
b
cd
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
84.8
67.4
...
a
b
cd
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
3.1
10.1
...
a
b
cd
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
12.2
22.3
...
e
Unemployment (% of labour force)
2.7
3.2
3.0
e
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
76.5/91.0
76.6/91.0
76.7/90.8
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) f
116
131g
141
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
103
116
123h
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
103
123
124h
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
819
549
998
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)i
(% of exports)i
(% of imports)i
Exports
2 845.6
Switzerland
50.0 Cte d'Ivoire
16.9
Imports
3 575.1
Mali
8.8 Togo
12.1
Balance
729.5
Singapore
6.8 France
11.1
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.9
Urban population (%)
2015
29.9
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
5.9
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
5.7
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
59.3/56.7
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
92
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
704.7/3.9j
k
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
191
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
34 207
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
67
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
5.0
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
4.5
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
85.1/88.7
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
28.2/32.4
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
3.1/6.4h
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
0.7l
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
9.4
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
71.7
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
9.4e
Threatened species
2015
29
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
20.0e
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
3 058/0.2
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
123
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
10.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
15.5
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
97.5/75.8
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
50.4/6.7
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
9.0
a Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. b Break in the time series. c Persons aged 15 to 64 years. d
2007. e Estimate. f Ouagadougou. g Series linked to former series. h 2013. i 2014. j Including refugees.
k Arrivals of non-resident tourists in hotels and similar establishments. l 2012.

34 World Statistics Pocketbook

Burundi

Region
Eastern Africa
Surface area (sq km)
27 834
Population (proj., 000) 11 553
Pop. density (per sq km) 449.9
Capital city
Bujumbura
Capital city pop. (000) 751
Currency
Burundi Franc (BIF)
UN membership date
18 September 1962
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
1 117
2 032
2 869
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
0.9
15.7
4.7
GDP per capita (current US$)
140.8
214.8
265.2
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
43.0
40.7
41.2
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
17.8
16.3
17.9
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
39.2
43.0
40.9
a
Unemployment (% of labour force)
1.7
1.6
1.6
a
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
84.0/81.8
84.0/81.6
84.6/82.6
b
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
145
236
344c
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
92
108
129d
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
100
114
145d
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
222e
301
253d
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
113.8
Dem. Rep. of Congo
24.9 China
12.6
Imports
560.6
Switzerland
19.8 India
12.0
Balance
446.8
United Arab Emirates 12.7 United Rep. Tanzania
7.8
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
3.3
Urban population (%)
2015
12.1
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
5.7
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
6.1
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
58.0/54.2
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
90
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
286.8/2.6f
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
137 710
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
78
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
7.5gh
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
5.4d
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
128.4/126.8
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
34.8/41.1
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
2.7/6.3d
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
4.0
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
36.4
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
30.5
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
1.4a
Threatened species
2015
60
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
10.4a
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
293/<
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
54
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
6.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
6.9
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
91.2/73.8
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
43.8/48.6
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
16.2
a Estimate. b Bujumbura. c Series linked to former series. d 2013. e Break in the time series. f Including
refugees. g Data revision. h Estimates should be viewed with caution as these are derived from scarce
data.

World Statistics Pocketbook 35

Cabo Verde

Region
Western Africa
Surface area (sq km)
4 033
Population (proj., 000) 527
Pop. density (per sq km) 130.8
Capital city
Praia
Capital city pop. (000) 145 a
Currency
Cabo Verde Escudo (CVE) UN membership date
16 September 1975
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
1 105
1 664
1 855
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
6.5
1.5
1.8
GDP per capita (current US$)
2 331.0
3 393.9
3 609.2
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
11.7
9.2
9.4
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
22.8
20.8
20.2
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
65.5
70.1
70.4
Unemployment (% of labour force) b
10.9
10.7
10.7
b
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
48.0/82.2
50.9/82.8
52.9/83.9
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
105
127
138
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
98
113
90c
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
98
113
90c
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
41
223
168
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
d
Exports
215.2
Areas nes
28.1 Portugal
43.5
Imports
606.3
Portugal
25.3 Netherlands
11.6
Balance
391.1
Spain
24.6 Spain
7.3
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.2
Urban population (%)
2015
65.5
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.0
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
2.4
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
74.7/71.1
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
52
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
14.9/2.9
e
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
494
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
115
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
20
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
4.8
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
0.3f
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
5.0c
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
109.9/116.3
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
98.5/86.8
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
26.8/19.1
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
10.6c
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
20.8
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
121.8
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
40.3b
Threatened species
2015
51
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
21.8b
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
444/0.9
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
1
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
15.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
<
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
94.0/87.3
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
81.7/54.3
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
12.9
a 2014. b Estimate. c 2013. d See technical notes. e Arrivals of non-resident tourists in hotels and similar
establishments. f 2011.

36 World Statistics Pocketbook

Cambodia

Region
South-Eastern Asia
Surface area (sq km)
181 035
Population (proj., 000) 15 827
Pop. density (per sq km) 89.7
Capital city
Phnom Penh
Capital city pop. (000) 1 731 a
Currency
Riel (KHR)
UN membership date
14 December 1955
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
6 293
11 242
16 778
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
13.3
6.0
7.1
GDP per capita (current US$)
472.5
782.7
1 094.6
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
32.4
36.0
30.5
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
26.4
23.3
27.1
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
41.2
40.7
42.4
bc
de
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
53.7
54.1
...
bc
de
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
13.2
16.2
...
bc
de
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
33.1
29.6
...
f
Unemployment (% of labour force)
1.1
0.3
0.4
f
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
75.9/86.6
81.6/88.6
75.5/86.6
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) g
114
165
185h
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
105
148
177h
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
105
148
177h
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
321d
410
1 657
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)i
(% of exports)i
(% of imports)i
Exports
10 681.4
China, Hong Kong SAR 21.8 China
39.3
Imports
18 973.2
United States
18.7 Thailand
10.7
Balance
8 291.8
Singapore
16.4 Viet Nam
8.9
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.6
Urban population (%)
2015
20.7
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.7
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
2.7
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
69.6/65.5
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
56
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
74.0/0.5
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
4 503j
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
244
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
30
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
5.7
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
0.2k
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
2.0h
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
113.1/119.6
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
12.1/19.6l
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
1.8l
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
20.3
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
155.1f
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
9.0f
Threatened species
2015
243
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
55.0f
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
5 574/0.4
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
171
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
17.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
20.6
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
100.0/69.1
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
88.1/30.5
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
5.0

a Refers to the municipality of Phnom Penh including suburban areas. b Data classified according to ISIC
Rev. 2. c 2004. d Break in the time series. e Persons aged 15 to 64 years. f Estimate. g Phnom Penh. h
2013. i 2014. j Arrivals by all means of transport. k 2012. l 2011.

World Statistics Pocketbook 37

Cameroon

Region
Middle Africa
Surface area (sq km)
475 650
Population (proj., 000) 23 924
Pop. density (per sq km) 50.6
Capital city
Yaound
Capital city pop. (000) 3 066
Currency
CFA Franc (XAF)
UN membership date
20 September 1960
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
16 588
23 622
32 051
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
2.3
3.3
5.9
GDP per capita (current US$)
915.1
1 147.2
1 407.4
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
20.5
23.3
22.0
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
31.8
29.7
29.9
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
47.8
47.0
48.1
a
b
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
61.3
...
...
a
b
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
9.1
...
...
a
b
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
22.6
...
...
Unemployment (% of labour force) c
4.4
4.1
4.4
c
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
67.1/79.5
70.5/81.2
70.9/81.0
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
111
129
141
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
103
139
154d
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
102
143
159d
Index of industrial production (2005=100) ef
100
102
112g
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
495
856
1 128d
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)h
(% of exports)h
(% of imports)h
Exports
5 159.5
Spain
16.7 China
18.0
Imports
7 561.1
China
14.7 Nigeria
17.9
Balance
2 401.6
Netherlands
10.4 France
10.2
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.5
Urban population (%)
2015
54.4
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
3.6
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
4.8
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
56.0/53.7
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
84
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
382.0/1.6
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
912d
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
391 821
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
74
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
4.1i
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
3.0d
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
106.9/120.1
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
51.9/61.0
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
10.1/13.8j
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
2.7g
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
31.1
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
75.7
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
11.0c
Threatened species
2015
697
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
40.7c
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
6 813/0.3
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
376
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
14.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
10.7
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
94.8/52.7
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
61.8/26.8
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
2.6
a Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2. b 2001. c Estimate. d 2013. e Data classified according to ISIC
Rev. 3. f Data refers to manufacturing and utilities only. g 2012. h 2014. i Data revision. j 2011.

38 World Statistics Pocketbook

Canada

Region
Northern America
Surface area (sq km)
9 984 670
Population (proj., 000) 36 286
Pop. density (per sq km) 4.0
Capital city
Ottawa
Capital city pop. (000) 1 326 a
Currency
Canadian Dollar (CAD)
UN membership date
9 November 1945
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
1 164 179
1 614 072
1 785 387
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
3.2
3.4
2.4
GDP per capita (current US$)
36 091.5
47 297.2
50 168.5
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
1.8
1.5b
1.7b
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
32.4
27.7c
28.4c
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
65.8
70.8de
69.9de
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) f
2.7
2.2
2.1
Employment: Industry (% of employed) f
22.0
19.7
19.8
f
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
75.2
78.1
78.2
Unemployment (% of labour force) g
6.8
8.1
6.9
g
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
60.9/72.6
61.8/71.5
61.1/70.5
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
112
122
131
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
102
102
115h
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
102
103
115h
Index of industrial production (2005=100) f
100
88
...
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
21 910
56 626
37 475
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
407 140.0
United States
76.7 United States
53.2
Imports
418 801.1
China
3.9 China
12.3
Balance
11 661.1
United Kingdom
3.1 Mexico
5.8
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.0
Urban population (%)
2015
81.8
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.2
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.6
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
83.8/79.7
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
47
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
7 835.5/21.8
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
16 537
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
163 644i
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
5
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
10.5
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
5.3j
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
101.1/100.1h
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
110.0/109.8h
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
1.4h
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
26.0
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
83.0g
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
87.1g
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
118.0
Threatened species
2015
97
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
38.2g
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013 475 735/13.5
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
17 868
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
296.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
6.2
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
100.0/99.0
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
100.0/99.0
Net Official Development Assistance disbursed (% of GNI) k
2014
0.2

a Refers to Ottawa-Gatineau, the Census Metropolitan Area. b Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping
care. c Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals. d Excludes repair of personal and household goods. e Includes publishing activities and landscaping care. f Data classified according to ISIC Rev.
3. g Estimate. h 2013. i Refugee population relates to the end of 2014. j 2011. k Development Assistance
Committee member (OECD).

World Statistics Pocketbook 39

Cayman Islands

Region
Caribbean
Surface area (sq km)
264
Population (proj., 000) 61
Pop. density (per sq km) 253.2
Capital city
George Town
Capital city pop. (000) 31 a
Currency
Cayman Islands Dollar (KYD)
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
3 042
3 267
3 480
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
6.5
2.7
1.3
GDP per capita (current US$)
62 558.1
58 856.7
58 808.2
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) b
0.2
0.3
0.3
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) c
9.1
7.7
7.5
de
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
90.7
92.0
92.2
f
g
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
1.7
0.6
0.8gh
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
22.2f
14.9g
15.5gh
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
75.5f
84.2g
83.6gh
Unemployment (% of labour force)
3.5
6.7
6.3h
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
...
80.6/88.0gij 80.6/85.6h
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
117
125
132
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
94
105
113h
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
94
105
113h
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)h
(% of exports)
(% of imports)h
Imports
929.3
... United States
41.7
... Jamaica
9.0
... Panama
5.2
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.6
Urban population (%)
2015
100.0
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.5
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
83.8/76.3k
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
31h
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
23.7/39.6l
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
383m
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
107
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
153.8n
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
74.1o
Threatened species
2015
71
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
52.9o
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
539/9.2
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
131.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
1.5
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
97.4/...
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
95.6/...

a 2014. b Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care. c Excludes publishing activities, includes
irrigation canals. d Excludes repair of personal and household goods. e Includes publishing activities and
landscaping care. f Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. g Break in the time series. h 2013. i Resident
population (de jure). j 2009. k 2006 and are based on a small number of deaths. l Refers to foreign citizens.
m Arrivals by air. n Data refers to number of mobile handsets in operation. o Estimate.

40 World Statistics Pocketbook

Central African Republic

Region
Middle Africa
Surface area (sq km)
622 984
Population (proj., 000) 4 999
Pop. density (per sq km) 8.0
Capital city
Bangui
Capital city pop. (000) 794
Currency
CFA Franc (XAF)
UN membership date
20 September 1960
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
1 413
2 034
1 838
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
2.4
3.6
1.0
GDP per capita (current US$)
348.4
457.6
382.6
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
45.0
41.2
41.9
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
18.6
24.0
23.9
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
36.5
34.8
34.3
a
Unemployment (% of labour force)
7.7
7.7
7.6
a
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
69.9/85.7
69.8/85.2
71.6/84.6
bc
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
112
138
150d
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
99
114
123d
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
99
113
121d
Index of industrial production (2005=100) ef
100
126
86d
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)g
(% of exports)g
(% of imports)g
Exports
20.7
China
37.7 France
21.5
Imports
308.0
Germany
33.3 United States
9.4
Balance
287.3
France
20.8 Belgium
9.4
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.0
Urban population (%)
2015
40.0
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.6
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
4.4
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
51.3/47.8
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
75
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
81.6/1.7h
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
71ij
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
517 204
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
93
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
4.2k
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
1.2l
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
79.8/107.3i
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
11.8/23.0i
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
1.5/4.1i
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
13.2i
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
31.4a
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
4.0a
Threatened species
2015
54
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
35.6a
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
297/0.1
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
19
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
5.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
18.1
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
89.6/54.4
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
43.6/7.2
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
34.1
a Estimate. b Excluding `Rent. c Bangui. d 2013. e Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. f Country data
supplemented with data from the Observatoire Economique et Statistique dAfrique Subsaharienne (Afristat). g 2014. h Refers to foreign citizens. i 2012. j Arrivals by air to Bangui only. k Estimates should be
viewed with caution as these are derived from scarce data. l 2011.

World Statistics Pocketbook 41

Chad

Region
Middle Africa
Surface area (sq km)
1 284 000
Population (proj., 000) 14 497
Pop. density (per sq km) 11.5
Capital city
N'Djamena
Capital city pop. (000) 1 260
Currency
CFA Franc (XAF)
UN membership date
20 September 1960
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
6 681
9 791
12 791
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
7.9
13.4
10.4
GDP per capita (current US$)
663.6
823.0
941.4
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
26.1
35.9
24.4
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
34.9
36.7
40.0
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
39.0
27.4
35.5
a
Unemployment (% of labour force)
5.6
5.5
5.6
a
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
64.2/79.5
64.1/79.3
64.0/79.3
b
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
126
147
161c
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
104
104
115c
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
104
110
120c
Index of industrial production (2005=100) de
100
79
65c
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
3.3
Urban population (%)
2015
22.5
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
3.4
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
6.3
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
52.2/50.1
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
101
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
517.0/3.7f
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
122
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
473 523
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
96
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
3.6gh
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
2.9c
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
88.0/114.6c
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
14.0/30.7i
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
1.1/5.7a
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
9.2i
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
14.9
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
39.8
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
2.5a
Threatened species
2015
38
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
4.1a
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
609/<
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
275
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
6.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
17.8
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
71.8/44.8
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
31.4/6.5
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
2.9
a Estimate. b N'Djamena. c 2013. d Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. e Country data supplemented
with data from the Observatoire Economique et Statistique dAfrique Subsaharienne (Afristat). f Including
refugees. g Estimates should be viewed with caution as these are derived from scarce data. h National
Accounts: The authorities have revised national accounts estimates, moving from the 1968 to the 1993
SNA. IMF country report 11/302. i 2012.

42 World Statistics Pocketbook

Channel Islands

Region
Northern Europe
Surface area (sq km)
180 a
Population (proj., 000) 165 a
Pop. density (per sq km) 865.6 a
Capital city
Saint Helier b
Capital city pop. (000) 35 cd
Currency
Pound Sterling (GBP)
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
Unemployment (% of labour force) e
4.2
4.3
4.6
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) e
51.1/68.8
52.2/67.0
50.6/66.2
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.5a
Urban population (%)
2015
31.5a
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.8a
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.5a
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
82.4/78.5a
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
47a
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
82.3/50.3a
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
8a
Environment and infrastructure
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
4.2e

a Refers to Guernsey and Jersey. b St.Helier is the capital of the Bailiwick of Jersey. c 2014. d Data refer
to the parish of St. Helier, the capital of the Bailiwick of Jersey. e Estimate.

World Statistics Pocketbook 43

Chile

Region
South America
Surface area (sq km)
756 102
Population (proj., 000) 18 132
Pop. density (per sq km) 24.4
Capital city
Santiago
Capital city pop. (000) 6 507
Currency
Chilean Peso (CLP)
UN membership date
24 October 1945
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
123 056
217 538
258 062
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
6.2
5.8
1.9
GDP per capita (current US$)
7 644.9
12 785.1
14 528.3
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) a
4.1
3.5
3.3
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) a
40.3
39.6
35.1
a
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
55.6
57.0
61.5
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) bc
14.8
11.1
9.2d
bc
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
41.8
23.6
23.7d
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) bc
43.5
65.3
67.1d
Unemployment (% of labour force) e
8.0
8.1
6.4
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) e
38.2/73.1
46.8/74.7
50.6/74.5
f
bg
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
114
101
115gh
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
100
109
117d
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
100
109
117d
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
1 449
3 581
2 995
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
63 360.1
China
26.3 China
23.5
Imports
63 037.6
United States
13.0 United States
18.7
Balance
322.5
Japan
8.6 Brazil
7.7
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.1
Urban population (%)
2015
89.5
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.1
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.8
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
84.1/78.1
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
45
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
469.4/2.6
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
3 674i
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
2 517
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
7
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
7.8
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
4.6d
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
98.9/102.1
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
101.2/99.6
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
92.3/81.3
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
3.6
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
15.8
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
133.3
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
72.4e
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
25.0
Threatened species
2015
182
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
23.0e
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
83 171/4.7
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
626
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
92.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
6.9
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
99.7/93.3
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
100.0/90.9
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
0.1
a At producers' prices. b Break in the time series. c Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. d 2013. e
Estimate. f Santiago. g Index base: 2009=100. h Series linked to former series. i Including nationals
residing abroad.

44 World Statistics Pocketbook

Chinaa

Region
Eastern Asia
Surface area (sq km)
9 596 961
Population (proj., 000) 1 382 323
Pop. density (per sq km) 147.2
Capital city
Beijing
Capital city pop. (000) 20 384
Currency
Yuan Renminbi (CNY)
UN membership date
24 October 1945
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
2 291 432
6 005 388 10 430 590
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
11.3
10.6
7.3
GDP per capita (current US$)
1 755.1
4 478.4
7 616.7
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) b
12.1
9.9
9.5
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) b
47.0
46.4
42.9
b
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
40.9
43.7
47.7
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) c
3.9de
2.9f
2.5g
c
de
f
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
43.4
44.3
46.9g
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) c
49.5de
48.8f
47.0g
Unemployment (% of labour force) h
4.1
4.2
4.6
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) h
66.9/79.8
63.7/77.8
63.7/77.9
i
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
107
124
140
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
100
120
131j
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
100
120
132j
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
132 378f
237 810
219 678
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
2 281 856.0
United States
18.0 Republic of Korea
10.4
Imports
1 681 670.8
China, Hong Kong SAR 14.7 United States
9.0
Balance
600 185.3
Japan
6.0 Asia nes
8.6k
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.5
Urban population (%)
2015
55.6
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
3.1
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.6
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
77.0/74.0
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
37
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
978.1/0.1lm
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
55 622m
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
301 621n
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
12
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
5.6
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
1.5g
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
104.0/103.8
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
95.4/93.4
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
42.5/36.6
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
0.8o
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
23.6
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
92.3
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
49.3h
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
587.0
Threatened species
2015
1 040
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
21.9h
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013 10 249 463/7.5
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
108 185
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
93.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
15.6
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
97.5/93.0
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
86.6/63.7
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
<

a For statistical purposes, the data for China do not include Hong Kong SAR, Macao SAR or Taiwan
Province of China, unless otherwise indicated. b At producers' prices. c Persons aged 16 years and over.
d Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. e Urban areas. f Break in the time series. g 2011. h Estimate.
i Index base period: the same month of 2000=100. j 2013. k See technical notes. l Refers to foreign citizens.
m For statistical purposes, the data for China do not include those for the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (Hong Kong SAR), Macao Special Administrative Region (Macao SAR) and Taiwan Province
of China. n The 300,000 Vietnamese refugees are well integrated and in practice receive protection from
the Government of China. o 2012.
World Statistics Pocketbook 45

China, Hong Kong SAR

Region
Eastern Asia
Surface area (sq km)
1 106
Population (proj., 000) 7 346
Pop. density (per sq km) 6 996.4
Capital city
Hong Kong
Capital city pop. (000) 7 314 a
Currency
Hong Kong Dollar (HKD)
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
181 569
228 639
290 896
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
7.4
6.8
2.5
GDP per capita (current US$)
26 535.7
32 692.7
40 252.1
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) b
0.1
0.1
0.1
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
8.7
7.0
7.3
c
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
91.3
93.0
92.7
de
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
0.3
...
...
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
15.1de
11.4fg
11.7g
de
fg
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
84.7
80.1
79.9g
Unemployment (% of labour force) h
5.6
4.3
3.3
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) h
51.7/71.3
51.8/68.5
53.7/68.8
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
94
104
119i
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
99
56
60i
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
99
56
60i
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
21 575
16 012
3 788
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
498 557.6
China
56.8 China
47.1
Imports
547 568.5
United States
8.6 Asia nes
6.5j
Balance
49 010.9
Japan
3.0 Japan
6.2
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.8
Urban population (%)
2015
100.0
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.7
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.2
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
86.6/80.9
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
37
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
2 838.7/39.0
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
27 770
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
10 092
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
2
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
3.6
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
110.4/111.7
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
98.6/102.5
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
73.8/64.0
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
0.9i
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
239.3
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
74.6h
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
27.0
Threatened species
2015
60
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
44 994/6.3
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
82.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
41.8

a Consists of the population of Hong Kong Island, New Kowloon the new towns in New Territories and
the marine areas. b Excludes hunting and forestry. c Excludes waste management. d Data classified
according to ISIC Rev. 2. e Excluding marine and institutional populations. f Break in the time series. g
Excluding the institutional population. h Estimate. i 2013. j See technical notes.

46 World Statistics Pocketbook

China, Macao SAR

Region
Eastern Asia
Surface area (sq km)
30
Population (proj., 000) 597
Pop. density (per sq km) 19 970.8
Capital city
Macao
Capital city pop. (000) 584
Currency
Pataca (MOP)
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
11 793
28 360
55 502
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
8.6
27.5
0.4
GDP per capita (current US$)
25 189.8
53 046.0
96 037.7
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
15.2
7.3
6.1
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
84.8
92.7
93.9
a
b
cde
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
0.1
0.2
0.0cd
Employment: Industry (% of employed) a
25.0b
13.7cde
15.7cd
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) a
74.7b
86.1cde
84.3cd
Unemployment (% of labour force) f
4.2
2.8
1.7
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) f
59.0/74.3
65.5/77.1
66.3/76.4
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
99
124
156g
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
100
95
88h
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
100
95
88h
Index of industrial production (2005=100) ai
100
45
42j
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
2 965
12 092
21 082
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
1 339.0
China, Hong Kong SAR 47.9 China, Hong Kong SAR 80.3
Imports
10 602.6
Areas nes
36.3k China
15.0
Balance
9 263.6
China
12.6 United States
1.0
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.9
Urban population (%)
2015
100.0
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.8
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.2
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
82.5/78.1
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
28
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
342.7/58.3
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
14 566fl
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
6
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
4
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
2.1h
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
95.0/97.0
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
78.7/60.2
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
1.0
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
322.6
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
69.8m
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
3.0
Threatened species
2015
11
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
2 167/3.8
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
2f
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
83.0

a Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. b Persons aged 14 years and over. c Break in the time series.
d Persons aged 16 years and over. e Agriculture includes mining and quarrying. f Estimate. g Series linked
to former series. h 2013. i Data refers to manufacturing and utilities only. j 2012. k See technical notes.
l Does not include other non-residents namely workers, students, etc. m Population age 3+.

World Statistics Pocketbook 47

Colombia

Region
South America
Surface area (sq km)
1 141 748
Population (proj., 000) 48 654
Pop. density (per sq km) 43.9
Capital city
Bogota
Capital city pop. (000) 9 765 a
Currency
Colombian Peso (COP)
UN membership date
5 November 1945
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
146 566
287 018
377 740
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
4.7
4.0
4.6
GDP per capita (current US$)
3 386.0
6 250.7
7 903.9
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
8.4
7.1
6.4
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
32.8
35.0
36.6
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
58.8
57.9
57.1
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) b
21.8c
18.5defg
16.3d
b
c
defg
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
19.3
19.8
19.6d
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) b
58.9c
61.7defg
64.1d
Unemployment (% of labour force) h
12.0
12.0
9.1
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) h
53.0/81.2
55.5/80.3
57.9/79.8
i
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
140
177
200
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
99
101
114j
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
99
103
115j
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
1 892
8 663
19 567
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
35 690.8
United States
28.2 United States
28.8
Imports
54 035.5
Panama
6.7 China
18.6
Balance
18 344.7
China
6.3 Mexico
7.1
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.0
Urban population (%)
2015
76.4
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.7
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.9
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
77.4/70.2
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
46
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
133.1/0.3
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
2 565
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
6 520 579
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
18
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
7.2k
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
4.7
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
111.7/115.7
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
102.6/95.1
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
54.8/47.9
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
27.9
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
19.9
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
113.1
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
52.6l
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
5.0
Threatened species
2015
751
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
52.8h
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
89 625/1.9
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
5 700
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
32.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
17.4
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
96.8/73.8
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
85.2/68.0
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
0.3

a Refers to the nuclei of Santa Fe de Bogot, Soacha, Chia and Funza. b Data classified according to ISIC
Rev. 3. c Persons aged 10 years and over. d Break in the time series. e Excluding the institutional population. f Persons aged 12 years and over. g Age 10+ in rural areas. h Estimate. i Low income group. j 2013.
k Data revision. l Population age 5+.

48 World Statistics Pocketbook

Comoros

Region
Eastern Africa
Surface area (sq km)
2 235
Population (proj., 000) 807
Pop. density (per sq km) 433.7
Capital city
Moroni
Capital city pop. (000) 56 a
Currency
Comorian Franc (KMF)
UN membership date
12 November 1975
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
386
530
648
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
2.8
2.2
3.0
GDP per capita (current US$)
623.6
759.3
841.2
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
41.0
38.5
33.6
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
11.8
11.5
10.6
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
47.3
50.0
55.8
b
Unemployment (% of labour force)
19.7
19.4
19.4
b
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
32.2/78.7
34.1/79.0
35.1/79.3
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
96
114
114c
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
96
114
113c
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
29
91
44d
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)c
(% of exports)c
(% of imports)c
Exports
10.1
France
34.7 France
21.6
Imports
115.2
Singapore
12.9 United Arab Emirates
21.0
Balance
105.1
Netherlands
11.9 Madagascar
13.0
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.4
Urban population (%)
2015
28.3
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.7
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
4.6
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
64.5/61.2
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
76
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
12.6/1.6
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
58
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
6.8
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
5.1d
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
102.1/108.3c
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
60.5/58.3c
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
8.0/9.8
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
7.8d
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
3.0
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
50.9b
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
7.0b
Threatened species
2015
106
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
20.3b
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
161/0.2
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
3
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
7.0b
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
2.4
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
92.6/89.1
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
48.3/30.9
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
11.5
a 2014. b Estimate. c 2013. d 2012.

World Statistics Pocketbook 49

Congo

Region
Middle Africa
Surface area (sq km)
342 000
Population (proj., 000) 4 741
Pop. density (per sq km) 13.9
Capital city
Brazzaville
Capital city pop. (000) 1 888
Currency
CFA Franc (XAF)
UN membership date
20 September 1960
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
6 087
12 281
14 077
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
7.7
8.7
6.8
GDP per capita (current US$)
1 737.6
3 020.4
3 124.8
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
4.6
3.7
5.1
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
73.4
78.1
70.9
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
22.0
18.2
24.0
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) a
35.4
...
...
a
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
20.6
...
...
a
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
42.2
...
...
b
Unemployment (% of labour force)
7.3
7.2
7.2
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) b
67.4/71.6
67.5/72.3
67.1/72.6
cd
e
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
110
139
154f
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
100
123
136f
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
100
123
136f
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
696
...
...
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)g
(% of exports)g
(% of imports)g
Exports
6 550.0
China
34.9 France
17.2
Imports
3 347.7
Australia
9.0 China
15.4
Balance
3 202.3
Gabon
8.3 Belgium
13.5
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.6
Urban population (%)
2015
65.4
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
3.2
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
5.0
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
62.9/60.0
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
86
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
393.0/8.5
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
373h
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
65 810
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
51
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
5.2
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
114.8/107.0i
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
50.6/58.4i
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
8.3/11.1f
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
10.5i
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
7.4
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
108.2b
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
7.1b
Threatened species
2015
119
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
65.5b
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
2 483/0.6
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
619
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
23.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
31.8
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
95.8/40.0
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
20.0/5.6
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
0.9
a Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2. b Estimate. c Brazzaville. d African population. e Series linked
to former series. f 2013. g 2014. h Provisional data. i 2012.

50 World Statistics Pocketbook

Cook Islands

Region
Oceania-Polynesia
Surface area (sq km)
236 a
Population (proj., 000) 21
Pop. density (per sq km) 87.3
Capital city
Avarua
Capital city pop. (000) 5 b
Currency
New Zealand Dollar (NZD)
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
183
255
311
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
1.1
3.0
6.2
GDP per capita (current US$)
9 410.7
12 578.7
15 002.5
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) c
6.9
4.9
9.0
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) c
9.6
8.5
7.6
c
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
83.5
86.6
83.5
d
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
...
...
4.3b
Employment: Industry (% of employed) d
...
...
11.7b
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) d
...
...
84.0b
Unemployment (% of labour force)
13.1e
6.9dfg
8.2bd
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
63.0/75.5eh 64.2/76.1dfg 65.4/76.6bd
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) i
118
144
158
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
100
104
97j
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
100
104
97j
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)b
(% of exports)b
(% of imports)b
Exports
3.1
Japan
58.1 New Zealand
77.1
Imports
109.3
China
16.1 Fiji
10.0
Balance
106.2
United States
6.5 Australia
5.3
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.5
Urban population (%)
2015
74.5
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.9
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
2.8b
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
79.8/73.6k
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
62g
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
4.2/19.9
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
121
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
7k
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
3.4
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
3.9
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
104.2/107.7l
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
90.6/82.5l
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
96.2/28.5l
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
3.1m
Environment and infrastructure
Threatened species
2015
73
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
62.9l
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
70/3.4
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
48.0l
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
99.9/99.9
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
97.6/97.6

a Excluding Niue, shown separately, which is part of Cook Islands, but because of remoteness is administered separately. b 2011. c At producers' prices. d Resident population (de jure). e 2001. f Break in the
time series. g 2006. h Persons aged 15 to 69 years. i Rarotonga. j 2013. k 2006 - 2012. l Estimate. m 2012.

World Statistics Pocketbook 51

Costa Rica

Region
Central America
Surface area (sq km)
51 100
Population (proj., 000) 4 857
Pop. density (per sq km) 95.1
Capital city
San Jos
Capital city pop. (000) 1 170 a
Currency
Costa Rican Colon (CRC)
UN membership date
2 November 1945
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
19 965
36 298
49 553
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
5.9
5.0
3.5
GDP per capita (current US$)
4 700.0
7 986.0
10 415.4
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
8.6
6.8
5.2
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
27.8
24.9
23.2
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
63.6
68.2
71.6
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
15.2bc
15.0
12.7de
bc
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
21.5
19.5
19.0de
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
62.9bc
64.7
68.2de
Unemployment (% of labour force) f
6.6
7.3
9.6
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) f
43.6/80.2
44.1/77.1
46.7/76.6
g
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
170
268
323
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
98
113
122e
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
98
115
125e
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
981
1 179
2 008
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
9 578.3
United States
40.8 United States
39.8
Imports
15 504.4
Panama
5.8 China
12.6
Balance
5 926.1
Guatemala
5.5 Mexico
7.4
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.1
Urban population (%)
2015
76.8
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.7
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.9
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
81.7/76.7
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
45
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
421.7/8.8h
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
2 527
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
7 907
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
9
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
9.3i
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
1.1
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
7.0
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
110.3/111.3
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
123.6/117.2
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
58.8/47.5
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
10.0
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
33.3
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
143.8f
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
49.4f
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
3.0
Threatened species
2015
323
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
52.8f
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
7 616/1.6
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
124
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
47.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
3.1
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
99.6/91.9
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
95.2/92.3
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
0.1
a Refers to the urban population of cantons. b Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. c Persons aged
12 years and over. d Break in the time series. e 2013. f Estimate. g Central area. h Including refugees. i
Data revision.

52 World Statistics Pocketbook

Cte d'Ivoire

Region
Western Africa
Surface area (sq km)
322 463
Population (proj., 000) 23 254
Pop. density (per sq km) 73.1
a
Capital city
Yamoussoukro
Capital city pop. (000) 259 b
Currency
CFA Franc (XOF)
UN membership date
20 September 1960
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
17 085
24 885
34 254
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
1.7
2.0
8.5
GDP per capita (current US$)
942.2
1 236.1
1 546.0
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
25.2
27.0
25.4
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
25.5
24.7
24.0
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
49.3
48.3
50.6
c
Unemployment (% of labour force)
9.4
9.4
9.4
c
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
50.5/82.0
51.8/81.4
52.3/80.9
de
f
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
117
133
145g
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
100
107
123g
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
98
109
124g
Index of industrial production (2005=100) hi
100
103
140
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
40
465
633g
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)b
(% of exports)b
(% of imports)b
Exports
12 985.1
Netherlands
10.0 Nigeria
21.8
Imports
11 177.7
United States
8.4 France
12.2
Balance
1 807.4
South Africa
6.9 China
8.8
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.4
Urban population (%)
2015
54.2
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
3.7
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
5.1
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
51.9/50.2
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
84
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
2 175.4/9.6j
k
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
471
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
726 770
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
73
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
5.7
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
4.7
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
83.6/95.6
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
33.2/47.0
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
6.4/10.9
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
11.4l
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
9.2
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
106.3
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
14.6c
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
3.0l
Threatened species
2015
226
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
32.7c
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
8 988/0.4
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
527
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
25.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
14.9
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
93.1/68.8
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
32.8/10.3
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
2.8
a Yamoussoukro is the capital and Abidjan is the administrative capital. b 2014. c Estimate. d African
population. e Abidjan. f Series linked to former series. g 2013. h Data classified according to ISIC Rev.
3. i Country data supplemented with data from the Observatoire Economique et Statistique dAfrique
Subsaharienne (Afristat). j Refers to foreign citizens. k Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.
l 2012.

World Statistics Pocketbook 53

Croatia

Region
Southern Europe
Surface area (sq km)
56 594
Population (proj., 000) 4 225
Pop. density (per sq km) 75.5
Capital city
Zagreb
Capital city pop. (000) 687 a
Currency
Kuna (HRK)
UN membership date
22 May 1992
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
45 416
59 665
57 137
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
4.2
1.7
0.4
GDP per capita (current US$)
10 373.6
13 822.9
13 425.4
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) b
5.0
4.9
4.3
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) c
29.0
27.1
26.3
de
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
66.0
68.1
69.4
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
14.3fg
12.5
8.7
fg
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
29.7
28.0
27.2
fg
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
56.0
59.3
63.9
Unemployment (% of labour force) h
12.6
11.6
17.3
h
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
46.2/61.1
45.8/59.2
46.5/58.9
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
114
133
143
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
98
100
96i
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
98
100
96i
Index of industrial production (2005=100) j
100
99
92
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
2 479
894
412
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
12 846.8
Italy
13.4 Germany
15.5
Imports
20 579.8
Slovenia
12.3 Italy
13.2
Balance
7 733.0
Germany
11.3 Slovenia
10.7
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.4
Urban population (%)
2015
59.0
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.1
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.5
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
80.4/73.6
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
51
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
576.9/13.6k
l
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
11 623
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
17 484
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
4
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
7.8
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
4.2m
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
98.7/99.0
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
100.9/97.2
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
80.7/58.8
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
0.8
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
15.2
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
104.4
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
68.6n
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
43.0
Threatened species
2015
159
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
34.3h
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
17 712/4.1
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
152
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
75.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
23.7
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
99.6/99.7
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
97.8/95.8
Net Official Development Assistance disbursed (% of GNI)
2014
0.1

a Refers to the settlement of Zagreb. b Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care. c Excludes
publishing activities, includes irrigation canals. d Excludes repair of personal and household goods. e
Includes publishing activities and landscaping care. f Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. g Break in
the time series. h Estimate. i 2013. j Excluding water and waste management. k Including refugees. l
Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of tourism accommodation establishments. m 2011. n Population age 16-74.

54 World Statistics Pocketbook

Cuba

Region
Caribbean
Surface area (sq km)
109 884
Population (proj., 000) 11 393
Pop. density (per sq km) 107.0
Capital city
Havana
Capital city pop. (000) 2 137
Currency
Cuban Peso (CUP) a
UN membership date
24 October 1945
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
42 644
64 328
82 775
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
11.2
2.4
1.3
GDP per capita (current US$)
3 786.8
5 688.7
7 274.3
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
5.6
5.0
5.0
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
19.4
20.5
20.5
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
75.0
74.5
74.5
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) bc
20.2
18.5d
18.6e
bc
d
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
19.1
17.0
17.2e
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) bc
60.6
64.5d
64.2e
Unemployment (% of labour force) f
1.9
2.5
2.7
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) f
38.2/67.3
42.4/68.9
42.7/68.8
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
109
...
...
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
97
88
100e
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
97
88
101e
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.1
Urban population (%)
2015
77.1
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.1
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.6
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
81.3/77.1
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
43
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
13.3/0.1
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
2 970g
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
325
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
5
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
11.1
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
95.8/100.3
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
101.4/98.1
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
50.8/32.0
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
4.7h
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
48.9
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
22.5
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
30.0f
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
2.0
Threatened species
2015
337
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
29.1f
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
39 340/3.5
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
218f
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
51.0f
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
5.0
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
96.4/89.8
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
94.4/89.1

a The national currency of Cuba is the Cuban Peso (CUP). The convertible peso (CUC) is used by foreigners
and tourists in Cuba. b Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2. c Labour force data for males refers to
ages 17-59 and data for females to ages 17-54. d Break in the time series. e 2013. f Estimate. g Arrivals
by air. h 2011.

World Statistics Pocketbook 55

Curaao

Region
Caribbean
Surface area (sq km)
444
Population (proj., 000) 159
Pop. density (per sq km) 357.3
Capital city
Willemstad
Capital city pop. (000) 145 ab
Currency
Netherlands Antillean Guilder (ANG)
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
2 345
2 951
3 159
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
...
0.1
1.1
GDP per capita (current US$)
18 119.6
19 994.8
20 282.7
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) c
0.6
0.5
0.4
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
16.4
16.1
19.3
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
83.0
83.5
80.3
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) d
0.9
1.1e
...
d
e
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
15.3
17.6
...
d
e
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
83.8
81.3
...
fgh
Unemployment (% of labour force)
18.2
9.6
13.0gi
e
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
54.8/65.4
53.2/66.5
...
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
110
130
141
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
...
...
376
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.3
Urban population (%)
2015
89.3
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.0
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
2.1
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
80.7/74.5
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
51
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
37.6/23.9
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
455j
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
85
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
10
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
4.9i
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
171.3/179.1i
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
90.6/86.1i
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
28.4/12.2i
Environment and infrastructure
Threatened species
2015
49
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
5 255/34.0
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
502.0

a 2014. b Total population of Curaao excluding some neighborhoods (see source). c Includes mining and
quarrying. d Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. e 2008. f Break in the time series. g Excluding the
institutional population. h 2009. i 2013. j Arrivals by air.

56 World Statistics Pocketbook

Cyprusa

Region
Western Asia
Surface area (sq km)
9 251
Population (proj., 000) 1 177 b
Pop. density (per sq km) 127.3 b
Capital city
Nicosia
Capital city pop. (000) 251 c
Currency
Euro (EUR)
UN membership date
20 September 1960
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
18 850
25 320
23 077
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
3.9
1.4
2.5
GDP per capita (current US$)
25 523.0
30 526.3
26 147.1
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) d
2.7
2.4
2.3
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) e
20.1
16.6
10.8
fg
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
77.3
81.1
86.9
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
3.7h
2.8
3.9
h
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
24.3
20.7
16.5
h
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
72.0
76.5
79.6
Unemployment (% of labour force) i
5.3
6.3
16.1
i
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
53.6/73.1
57.2/71.3
57.3/69.9
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
115
129
134
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
98
83
81j
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
98
84
81j
Index of industrial production (2005=100)
100
100
72
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
971
2 728
1 053
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
1 931.4
Bunkers
12.2k Greece
25.3
Imports
5 666.0
Greece
10.7 United Kingdom
8.8
Balance
3 734.6
Ireland
9.3 Italy
7.9
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.1b
Urban population (%)
2015
66.9
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.9
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.5b
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
82.2/77.7b
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
42b
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
196.2/16.8b
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
2 441
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
14 102
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
4b
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
7.4l
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
2.3m
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
6.6n
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
99.6/98.8i
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
99.5/99.4i
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
62.6/44.1i
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
0.1
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
12.5
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
96.3
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
69.3o
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
44.0
Threatened species
2015
60
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
18.7i
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
5 948/5.2
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
5
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
71.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
2.0
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
100.0/100.0
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
100.0/100.0
Net Official Development Assistance disbursed (% of GNI)
2014
0.1j
a Data generally refer to the government-controlled area unless otherwise indicated. b Including northern
Cyprus. c 2014. d Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care. e Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals. f Excludes repair of personal and household goods. g Includes publishing activities
and landscaping care. h Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. i Estimate. j 2013. k See technical notes.
l Data is converted from SHA 2011. m 2012. n 2011. o Population age 16-74.

World Statistics Pocketbook 57

Czech Republic

Region
Eastern Europe
Surface area (sq km)
78 867
Population (proj., 000) 10 548
Pop. density (per sq km) 136.6
Capital city
Prague
Capital city pop. (000) 1 314
Currency
Czech Koruna (CZK)
UN membership date
19 January 1993
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
135 990
207 016
205 270
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
6.4
2.3
2.0
GDP per capita (current US$)
13 292.1
19 703.4
19 470.4
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) a
2.5
1.7
2.7
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) b
37.7
36.8
38.0
cd
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
59.8
61.5
59.3
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
3.9ef
3.1
2.7
ef
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
39.7
38.3
38.3
ef
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
56.3
58.7
58.9
Unemployment (% of labour force) g
7.9
7.3
6.1
g
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
50.8/68.9
49.3/68.0
51.0/68.3
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
112
129
138
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
100
91
93h
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
100
91
93h
Index of industrial production (2005=100) i
100
110
122
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
1 210
7 351
1 343
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
155 677.7
Germany
32.5 Germany
26.2
Imports
137 485.7
Slovakia
9.0 China
13.4
Balance
18 192.0
Poland
5.8 Poland
7.8
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.1
Urban population (%)
2015
73.0
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.4
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.5
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
81.3/75.4
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
50
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
405.1/3.8j
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
10 617
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
5 048k
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
2
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
7.4
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
4.3l
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
98.9/98.9
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
105.4/104.9
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
77.4/55.2
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
0.7
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
20.0
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
130.0g
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
79.7m
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
102.0
Threatened species
2015
45
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
34.5g
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
98 661/9.4
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
1 258
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
166.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
21.1
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
100.0/100.0
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
99.1/99.2
Net Official Development Assistance disbursed (% of GNI) n
2014
0.1

a Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care. b Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation
canals. c Excludes repair of personal and household goods. d Includes publishing activities and landscaping care. e Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. f Break in the time series. g Estimate. h 2013. i
Excluding water and waste management. j Refers to foreign citizens. k Refugee population relates to the
end of 2014. l 2012. m Population age 16-74. n Development Assistance Committee member (OECD).

58 World Statistics Pocketbook

Democratic People's Republic of Korea

Region
Eastern Asia
Surface area (sq km)
120 538
Population (proj., 000) 25 281
Pop. density (per sq km) 210.0
Capital city
Pyongyang
Capital city pop. (000) 2 863
Currency
North Korean Won (KPW) UN membership date
17 September 1991
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
13 031
13 945
17 396
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
3.8
0.5
1.0
GDP per capita (current US$)
547.9
569.8
695.9
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
25.0
20.8
21.8
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
42.8
48.2
46.9
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
32.2
31.0
31.3
a
Unemployment (% of labour force)
6.8
6.7
6.7
a
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
74.5/88.6
73.9/86.9
73.6/85.9
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
101
98
103b
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
101
98
102b
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.5
Urban population (%)
2015
60.9
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.8
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
2.0
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
73.3/66.3
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
44
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
48.5/0.2a
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
22
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
4.7c
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
16.3
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
11.2a
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
0.0ad
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
337.0c
Threatened species
2015
64
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
43.9a
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
50 091/2.0
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
1 009
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
25.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
1.3
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
99.9/99.4
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
87.9/72.5
a Estimate. b 2013. c 2012. d Commercially not available. Local Intranet available in country.

World Statistics Pocketbook 59

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Region
Middle Africa
Surface area (sq km)
2 344 858
Population (proj., 000) 79 723
Pop. density (per sq km) 35.2
Capital city
Kinshasa
Capital city pop. (000) 11 587
Currency
Congolese Franc (CDF)
UN membership date
20 September 1960
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
11 965
21 672
35 909
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
6.1
7.1
9.5
GDP per capita (current US$)
213.3
328.7
479.6
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
22.3
22.4
21.5
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
32.9
40.5
43.5
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
44.9
37.1
35.0
a
Unemployment (% of labour force)
3.7
3.7
3.8
a
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
70.9/73.0
70.7/72.2
70.5/71.7
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
100
106
117b
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
100
107
117b
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
389
2 174
3 040
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
3.2
Urban population (%)
2015
42.5
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
4.0
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
6.2
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
59.5/56.7
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
96
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
545.7/0.7c
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
191bd
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
2 001 006e
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
73
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
4.3e
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
2.2b
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
101.8/112.0
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
33.3/53.6
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
4.2/9.1b
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
12.5f
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
8.9
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
53.5
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
3.0a
Threatened species
2015
333
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
67.6a
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
2 780/<
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
906
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
12.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
12.1
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
81.1/31.2
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
28.6/28.7
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
8.3
a Estimate. b 2013. c Including refugees. d The arrivals data relate only to three border posts (N'Djili
airport in Kinshasa, the Luano airport in Lubumbashi, and the land border-crossing of Kasumbalesa in
Katanga province). e Data revision. f 2012.

60 World Statistics Pocketbook

Denmark

Region
Northern Europe
Surface area (sq km)
42 921
Population (proj., 000) 5 691
Pop. density (per sq km) 134.1
Capital city
Copenhagen
Capital city pop. (000) 1 268 a
Currency
Danish Krone (DKK)
UN membership date
24 October 1945
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
264 559
319 812
346 119
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
2.4
1.6
1.3
GDP per capita (current US$)
48 832.4
57 613.9
61 293.7
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) b
1.4
1.4
1.6
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) c
26.2
22.8
22.8
de
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
72.5
75.8
75.6
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
3.0fg
2.3
2.3
fg
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
23.9
19.7
19.3
fg
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
72.9
77.9
78.0
Unemployment (% of labour force) h
4.8
7.5
6.6
h
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
60.5/71.4
59.8/69.1
58.1/66.3
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
110
122
131
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
101
101
100i
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
101
101
100i
Index of industrial production (2005=100) j
100
86
89
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
11 104
18 183
21 421
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)k
(% of exports)k
(% of imports)k
Exports
94 484.1
Germany
16.3 Germany
20.4
Imports
85 502.1
Areas nes
11.5l Sweden
12.3
Balance
8 982.0
Sweden
11.1 Netherlands
8.0
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.4
Urban population (%)
2015
87.7
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.6
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.7
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
81.9/78.0
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
56
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
572.5/10.1
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) m
2014
10 267g
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
27 335n
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
3
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
10.8
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
8.6o
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
100.7/102.0
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
132.2/127.7
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
95.4/68.2
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
1.0
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
37.4
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
126.0
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
96.0p
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
596.0
Threatened species
2015
36
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
14.2h
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
38 067/6.8
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
699k
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
129.0k
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
18.0
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
100.0/100.0
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
99.6/99.6
Net Official Development Assistance disbursed (% of GNI) q
2014
0.9

a Refers to the Greater Copenhagen Region, consisting of (parts of) 16 municipalities. b Excludes irrigation
canals and landscaping care. c Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals. d Excludes repair
of personal and household goods. e Includes publishing activities and landscaping care. f Data classified
according to ISIC Rev. 3. g Break in the time series. h Estimate. i 2013. j Excluding water and waste
management. k Excluding the Faeroe Islands and Greenland. l See technical notes. m Arrivals of nonresident tourists in all types of tourism accommodation establishments. n Refugee population relates to
the end of 2014. o 2011. p Population age 16-74. q Development Assistance Committee member (OECD).
World Statistics Pocketbook 61

Djibouti

Region
Eastern Africa
Surface area (sq km)
23 200
Population (proj., 000) 900
Pop. density (per sq km) 38.8
Capital city
Djibouti
Capital city pop. (000) 529 a
Currency
Djibouti Franc (DJF)
UN membership date
20 September 1977
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
709
1 067
1 589
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
3.2
3.5
6.0
GDP per capita (current US$)
910.4
1 284.3
1 813.6
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
3.6
3.6
3.2
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
16.2
19.0
22.7
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
80.2
77.4
74.0
Unemployment (% of labour force) b
59.4
59.4
55.7
b
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
33.0/66.2
35.6/66.8
36.5/67.9
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
95
119
134c
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
95
119
134c
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
20
50
309c
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.3
Urban population (%)
2015
77.3
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.6
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
3.3
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
63.2/60.0
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
59
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
112.4/12.7d
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) e
2014
63c
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
17 373
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
55
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
10.6
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
63.3/72.5
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
41.5/51.1
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
4.0/5.9f
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
7.0g
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
12.7
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
32.4
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
10.7b
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
1.0c
Threatened species
2015
94
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
0.2b
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
609/0.7
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
3
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
13.0b
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
1.1
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
97.4/64.7
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
59.8/5.1
a Refers to the population of the 'cercle'. b Estimate. c 2013. d Including refugees. e Arrivals of nonresident tourists in hotels and similar establishments. f 2011. g 2012.

62 World Statistics Pocketbook

Dominica

Region
Caribbean
Surface area (sq km)
750
Population (proj., 000) 73
Pop. density (per sq km) 97.4
Capital city
Roseau
Capital city pop. (000) 15 a
Currency
East Caribbean Dollar (XCD) UN membership date
18 December 1978
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
370
493
533
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
0.3
1.2
1.1
GDP per capita (current US$)
5 251.0
6 926.7
7 361.2
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
13.2
13.8
16.7
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
15.0
14.4
13.8
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
71.9
71.8
69.5
b
c
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
21.0
...
...
b
c
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
20.0
...
...
b
c
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
58.8
...
...
c
Unemployment (% of labour force)
11.0
...
...
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
45.0/70.2c
...
...
d
e
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
106
122
126f
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
95
111
113f
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
95
112
114f
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
76
80
72f
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)g
(% of exports)g
(% of imports)g
Exports
37.0
Trinidad and Tobago
18.6 United States
36.8
Imports
211.9
Jamaica
16.2 Trinidad and Tobago
17.0
Balance
174.9
Saint Kitts and Nevis
14.3 Areas nes
8.6h
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.4
Urban population (%)
2015
69.5
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.8
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
78.2/73.8i
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
66j
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
6.7/9.3
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
82
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
5.5
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
118.0/117.9
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
100.1/93.5k
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
8.4k
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
21.9
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
127.5l
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
62.9l
Threatened species
2015
62
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
58.5l
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
132/1.8
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
0
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
28.0l
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
0.6
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
95.7/...
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
3.0
a 2014. b Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2. c 2001. d Index base: 2001=100. e Series linked to
former series. f 2013. g 2012. h See technical notes. i 2008. j 2006. k 2011. l Estimate.

World Statistics Pocketbook 63

Dominican Republic

Region
Caribbean
Surface area (sq km)
48 231
Population (proj., 000) 10 649
Pop. density (per sq km) 220.4
Capital city
Santo Domingo
Capital city pop. (000) 2 945
Currency
Dominican Peso (DOP)
UN membership date
24 October 1945
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
35 662
53 043
63 969
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
9.3
8.3
7.3
GDP per capita (current US$)
3 860.6
5 359.0
6 147.4
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) a
8.1
6.5
6.2
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) b
32.7
30.1
28.7
cd
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
59.2
63.4
65.1
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) ef
14.6
12.0
14.5g
ef
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
22.3
14.9
17.4g
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) ef
58.8
52.4
41.9g
Unemployment (% of labour force) h
18.0
12.4
14.5
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) h
48.8/80.7
49.3/78.7
52.2/78.7
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
230
314
381
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
99
128
133i
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
99
130
136i
Index of industrial production (2005=100) j
100
114
129i
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
473
4 006g
2 026
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
8 384.1
United States
53.6 United States
41.3
Imports
17 347.8
Haiti
12.1 China
13.4
Balance
8 963.7
Canada
8.4 Mexico
4.6
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.2
Urban population (%)
2015
79.0
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.6
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
2.5
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
76.5/70.2
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
58
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
415.6/4.0
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
5 141kl
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
135 131m
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
25
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
4.4n
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
1.5o
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
95.7/105.4
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
82.4/74.4
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
58.8/36.4
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
17.4
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
20.8
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
78.9p
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
49.6h
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
1.0
Threatened species
2015
153
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
39.7h
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
22 072/2.2
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
43
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
33.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
11.2
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
85.5/81.9
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
86.2/75.7
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
0.3

a Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care. b Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation
canals. c Excludes repair of personal and household goods. d Includes publishing activities and landscaping care. e Persons aged 10 years and over. f Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2. g Break in the
time series. h Estimate. i 2013. j Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. k Including nationals residing
abroad. l Arrivals by air. m Revised estimate includes only individuals born in the country where both
parents were born abroad. This estimate does not include subsequent generations of individuals of foreign
descent as such it does not include all persons without nationality. n Data revision. o 2011. p Decrease
due to operator updating their records to exclude inactive subscriptions.
64 World Statistics Pocketbook

Ecuador

Region
South America
Surface area (sq km)
257 217
Population (proj., 000) 16 386
Pop. density (per sq km) 66.0
Capital city
Quito
Capital city pop. (000) 1 726
Currency
US Dollar (USD)
UN membership date
21 December 1945
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
41 507
69 555
100 917
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
5.3
3.5
3.7
GDP per capita (current US$)
3 021.9
4 657.3
6 345.8
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
10.0
10.2
9.1
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
33.4
36.3
39.1
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
56.6
53.5
51.8
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
31.5ab
28.2ab
25.3cd
ab
ab
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
17.2
18.6
20.4cd
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
51.3ab
53.1ab
54.3cd
Unemployment (% of labour force) e
4.8
5.0
3.8
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) e
55.3/84.6
49.9/80.6
48.9/79.6
f
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
175
219
256
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
98
121
116d
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
98
123
117d
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
474
1 586
590
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
18 330.6
United States
39.4 United States
23.8
Imports
21 387.3
Chile
6.2 China
19.0
Balance
3 056.7
Peru
5.1 Colombia
7.5
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.6
Urban population (%)
2015
63.7
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.9
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
2.6
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
78.4/72.8
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
56
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
387.5/2.4g
h
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
1 557i
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
133 305j
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
21
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
9.2k
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
1.7l
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
4.2m
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
113.4/113.2
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
106.3/102.2
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
45.3/34.6m
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
8.2
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
41.6
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
103.9
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
43.0e
Threatened species
2015
2 308
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
51.2e
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
43 527/2.8
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
1 293
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
43.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
15.4
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
93.4/75.5
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
87.0/80.7
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
0.2

a Persons aged 10 years and over. b Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2. c Break in the time series.
d 2013. e Estimate. f Series linked to former series. g Including refugees. h Arrivals of non-resident visitors
at national borders. i Excluding nationals residing abroad. j All figures relate to the end of 2014. k Data
revision. l 2011. m 2012.

World Statistics Pocketbook 65

Egypt

Region
Northern Africa
Surface area (sq km)
1 002 000
Population (proj., 000) 93 384
Pop. density (per sq km) 93.8
Capital city
Cairo
Capital city pop. (000) 18 772
Currency
Egyptian Pound (EGP)
UN membership date
24 October 1945
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
94 456
214 630
282 242
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
4.6
5.1
2.2
GDP per capita (current US$)
1 260.4
2 616.1
3 150.7
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) a
14.4
14.0
14.5
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) a
36.9
37.5
40.0
a
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
48.8
48.5
45.6
bc
de
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
30.9
28.2
28.0df
bc
de
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
21.5
25.3
24.1df
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
47.5bc
46.3de
47.9df
Unemployment (% of labour force) g
11.2
9.0
13.0
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) g
20.5/75.3
22.7/75.6
22.6/75.9
h
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
134
232
329
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
99
109
118f
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
99
110
120f
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
2 103
4 504
5 972
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
21 967.3
Saudi Arabia
9.2 China
13.1
Imports
74 361.3
Italy
7.4 Germany
7.8
Balance
52 394.0
Turkey
5.8 United States
5.9
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.2
Urban population (%)
2015
43.1
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.7
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
3.4
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
73.1/68.7
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
62
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
491.6/0.5i
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
9 628
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
256 384
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
19
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
5.6
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
103.8/104.1
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
85.9/86.3
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
29.9/33.4
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
3.2j
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
14.9
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
114.3
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
31.7k
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
9.0
Threatened species
2015
141
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
0.1g
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
213 012/2.4
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
3 445
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
39.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
9.6
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
100.0/99.0
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
96.8/93.1
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
1.3

a At factor cost. b Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. c Persons aged 15 to 64 years. d Break in the
time series. e Civilians only. f 2013. g Estimate. h Series linked to former series. i Including refugees. j
2011. k Population age 6+.

66 World Statistics Pocketbook

El Salvador

Region
Central America
Surface area (sq km)
21 041 a
Population (proj., 000) 6 146
Pop. density (per sq km) 296.6
Capital city
San Salvador
Capital city pop. (000) 1 098 b
Currency
El Salvador Colon (SVC)
UN membership date
24 October 1945
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
17 094
21 418
25 164
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
3.6
1.4
2.0
GDP per capita (current US$)
2 874.3
3 547.1
4 120.0
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) c
10.2
12.1
11.0
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) c
28.7
25.9
25.8
c
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
61.1
62.1
63.3
de
efg
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
20.0
20.8
19.6h
de
efg
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
22.2
21.4
20.4h
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
54.8de
57.8efg
60.1h
Unemployment (% of labour force) i
7.2
7.0
6.2
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) i
45.2/78.5
46.4/78.9
49.0/79.1
j
k
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
118
140
152
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
99
108
110h
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
99
106
118h
Index of industrial production (2005=100) l
100
106
116
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
622
533
1 199
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
5 484.9
United States
47.0 United States
39.4
Imports
10 415.4
Honduras
13.9 Guatemala
9.6
Balance
4 930.5
Guatemala
13.5 China
8.1
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.3
Urban population (%)
2015
66.7
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.4
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
2.0
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
77.1/67.9
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
54
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
42.0/0.7m
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
1 345
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
48
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
17
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
6.8n
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
3.4o
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
109.7/114.6
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
81.3/80.9
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
30.1/27.5
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
64.2
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
32.1
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
144.0p
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
29.7i
Threatened species
2015
83
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
13.2i
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
6 359/1.0
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
95
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
29.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
2.1
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
97.5/86.5
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
82.5/60.0
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
0.4

a The total surface is 21 040.79 square kilometres, without taking into account the last ruling of The
Hague. b Refers to the urban parts of the municipalities San Salvador, Mejicanos, Soyapango, Delgado,
Ilopango, Cuscatancingo, Ayutuxtepeque and San Marcos. c At producers' prices. d Persons aged 10
years and over. e Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2. f Break in the time series. g Persons aged 16
years and over. h 2013. i Estimate. j Urban areas. k Series linked to former series. l Data classified
according to ISIC Rev. 3. m Including refugees. n Data revision. o 2011. p Includes data-only subscriptions.

World Statistics Pocketbook 67

Equatorial Guinea

Region
Middle Africa
Surface area (sq km)
28 051
Population (proj., 000) 870
Pop. density (per sq km) 31.0
Capital city
Malabo
Capital city pop. (000) 145 a
Currency
CFA Franc (XAF)
UN membership date
12 November 1968
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
7 206
13 392
16 731
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
8.9
0.8
2.3
GDP per capita (current US$)
11 512.9
18 377.6
20 381.8
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
2.0
1.7
1.7
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
95.2
94.9
94.1
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
2.8
3.4
4.2
Unemployment (% of labour force) b
7.4
7.8
8.6
b
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
69.3/92.6
70.5/92.3
71.2/92.1
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
100
111
117c
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
101
113
118c
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
3.0
Urban population (%)
2015
39.9
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
3.1
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
5.0
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
58.6/55.9
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
73
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
10.8/1.3d
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
70
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
3.8e
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
83.7/85.2f
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
3.4f
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
24.0
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
66.4
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
18.9b
Threatened species
2015
155
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
56.7b
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
5 412/6.8
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
848b
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
91.0b
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
2.1
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
72.5/31.5
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
79.9/71.0
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
<
a 2014. b Estimate. c 2013. d Refers to foreign citizens. e Estimates should be viewed with caution as
these are derived from scarce data. f 2012.

68 World Statistics Pocketbook

Eritrea

Region
Eastern Africa
Surface area (sq km)
117 600
Population (proj., 000) 5 352
Pop. density (per sq km) 53.0
Capital city
Asmara
Capital city pop. (000) 804
Currency
Nakfa (ERN)
UN membership date
28 May 1993
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
1 098
2 117
3 858
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
1.5
2.2
1.7
GDP per capita (current US$)
262.1
451.4
754.9
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
24.2
19.1
17.2
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
21.9
23.1
23.6
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
53.9
57.8
59.2
a
Unemployment (% of labour force)
8.5
8.2
8.3
a
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
76.5/89.2
77.6/89.8
77.6/90.3
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
106
106
110b
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
106
106
110b
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.2
Urban population (%)
2015
22.6
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
5.1
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
4.4
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
65.2/60.9
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
83
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
15.9/0.3a
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
2 967
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
46
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
3.3c
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
47.2/55.2b
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
31.6/39.3b
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
1.7/3.4
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
9.7d
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
22.0
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
6.4a
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
1.0a
Threatened species
2015
113
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
15.0a
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
667/0.2
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
27
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
7.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
3.1
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
73.2/53.3
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
44.6/7.3
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
2.2
a Estimate. b 2013. c Estimates should be viewed with caution as these are derived from scarce data.
d 2012.

World Statistics Pocketbook 69

Estonia

Region
Northern Europe
Surface area (sq km)
45 227
Population (proj., 000) 1 309
Pop. density (per sq km) 30.9
Capital city
Tallinn
Capital city pop. (000) 391
Currency
Euro (EUR)
UN membership date
17 September 1991
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
14 003
19 505
26 485
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
9.4
2.5
2.9
GDP per capita (current US$)
10 329.6
14 642.5
20 122.4
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) a
3.5
3.2
3.4
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) b
29.8
28.0
28.1
cd
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
66.7
68.8
68.5
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
5.2e
4.0f
3.9
e
f
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
33.8
30.9
30.5
e
f
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
61.1
64.9
65.5
Unemployment (% of labour force) g
8.0
16.7
7.4
g
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
53.4/65.6
56.0/67.7
55.4/69.4
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
119
151
169
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
103
110
127h
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
103
110
127h
Index of industrial production (2005=100) i
100
104
134
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
1 386
344
259
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
13 964.8
Sweden
17.3 Finland
9.9
Imports
15 717.6
Finland
14.8 Germany
9.7
Balance
1 752.8
Russian Federation
9.7 Russian Federation
9.6
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.3
Urban population (%)
2015
67.5
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.5
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.6
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
81.1/71.6
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
54
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
202.4/15.4
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
2 918
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
86 756j
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
3
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
6.4
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
3.2k
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
4.7k
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
100.4/101.0h
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
108.1/109.0h
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
88.1/58.7h
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
3.1
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
23.8
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
160.7
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
84.2l
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
61.0
Threatened species
2015
17
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
52.7g
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
19 915/15.1
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
237
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
195.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
19.9
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
100.0/99.0
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
97.5/96.6
Net Official Development Assistance disbursed (% of GNI)
2014
0.1
a Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care. b Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation
canals. c Excludes repair of personal and household goods. d Includes publishing activities and landscaping care. e Persons aged 15 to 74 years. f Break in the time series. g Estimate. h 2013. i Excluding
water and waste management. j Almost all people recorded as being stateless have permanent residence
and enjoy more rights than foreseen in the 1954 Convention relating to the Status of Stateless Persons.
k 2012. l Population age 16-74.
70 World Statistics Pocketbook

Ethiopia

Region
Eastern Africa
Surface area (sq km)
1 104 300
Population (proj., 000) 101 853
Pop. density (per sq km) 101.9
Capital city
Addis Ababa
Capital city pop. (000) 3 238
Currency
Ethiopian Birr (ETB)
UN membership date
13 November 1945
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
12 164
26 311
53 638
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
11.8
12.6
9.9
GDP per capita (current US$)
158.8
300.5
553.2
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
45.2
45.3
41.9
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
13.1
10.4
15.3
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
41.7
44.3
42.8
abc
abcde
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
79.3
8.6
72.7f
abc
abcde
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
6.6
22.1
7.4f
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
13.0abc
69.2abcde
19.9f
Unemployment (% of labour force) g
5.4
5.2
5.3
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) g
78.4/90.8
77.5/90.0
76.9/89.1
h
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
138
313
601
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
102
137
147f
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
103
137
148f
Index of industrial production (2005=100) ai
100
159
242f
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
1 568
425
2 985j
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
5 027.5
Somalia
13.4 China
27.8
Imports
25 815.3
Kuwait
12.8 Areas nes
22.4k
Balance
20 787.8
Netherlands
10.6 Kuwait
5.7
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.5
Urban population (%)
2015
19.5
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
4.9
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
4.6
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
65.0/61.3
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
82
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
1 073.0/1.1l
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
770mn
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
705 686
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
50
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
4.9
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
4.5f
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
95.8/104.3
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
34.5/37.9j
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
5.3/10.9
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
8.0j
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
38.8
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
31.6
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
2.9g
Threatened species
2015
145
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
12.4g
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
10 634/0.1
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
1 285
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
15.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
18.4
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
93.1/48.6
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
27.2/28.2
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
6.6
a Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. b Break in the time series. c Persons aged 10 years and over.
d Urban areas. e 2006. f 2013. g Estimate. h Index base: 2001=100. i Twelve months ending 30 June of
the year stated. j 2012. k See technical notes. l Including refugees. m Including nationals residing abroad.
n Arrivals through all ports of entry.

World Statistics Pocketbook 71

Faeroe Islands

Region
Northern Europe
Surface area (sq km)
1 393
Population (proj., 000) 48
Pop. density (per sq km) 34.6
Capital city
Trshavn
Capital city pop. (000) 21 a
Currency
Danish Krone (DKK)
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) bc
11.1
...
...
Employment: Industry (% of employed) bc
22.2
...
...
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) bc
66.7
...
...
Unemployment (% of labour force)
3.2b
6.4def
4.0deg
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) de
...
77.5/85.3
79.4/86.0g
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
109
121
125
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
100
102
104g
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
100
102
104g
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
31
144
...
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.2
Urban population (%)
2015
42.0
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.5
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
82.3/76.8h
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
56h
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
5.5/11.5
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
124.1
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
94.7i
Threatened species
2015
14
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
0.1i
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
594/12.3
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
0
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
179.0i
a 2014. b Persons aged 16 years and over. c Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2. d Excluding the
institutional population. e Persons aged 15 to 74 years. f Break in the time series. g 2013. h 2008. i
Estimate.

72 World Statistics Pocketbook

Falkland Islands (Malvinas)

Region
South America
Surface area (sq km)
12 173
Population (proj., 000) 3
Pop. density (per sq km) 0.2
Capital city
Stanley
Capital city pop. (000) 2 a
Currency
Falkland Islands Pound (FKP)
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
Unemployment (% of labour force) b
...
...
1.2c
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) b
...
...
77.2/86.0c
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
103
95
95c
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
100
103
103c
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.3
Urban population (%)
2015
76.2
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.0
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
33d
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
1.6/54.1
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
136.7
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
97.6e
Threatened species
2015
23
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
0.0e
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
55/19.0
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
0e
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
258.0e
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
48.2
a 2014. b Persons aged 16 to 65 years. c 2013. d 2006. e Estimate.

World Statistics Pocketbook 73

Fiji

Region
Oceania-Melanesia
Surface area (sq km)
18 272
Population (proj., 000) 898
Pop. density (per sq km) 49.1
Capital city
Suva
Capital city pop. (000) 176 a
Currency
Fiji Dollar (FJD)
UN membership date
13 October 1970
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
3 112
3 251
4 532
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
0.7
3.1
3.8
GDP per capita (current US$)
3 786.9
3 780.2
5 112.2
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
12.9
10.2
11.5
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
17.9
19.9
18.7
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
69.2
69.9
69.9
bc
d
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
1.5
1.0
...
bc
d
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
30.4
25.7
...
bc
d
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
68.1
73.2
...
e
Unemployment (% of labour force)
4.6
8.9
8.3
e
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
38.1/73.8
37.4/71.8
37.1/71.4
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
115
146
164f
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
99
82
86g
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
99
82
86g
Index of industrial production (2005=100) h
100
101
...
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
212i
142
561g
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)a
(% of exports)a
(% of imports)a
Exports
1 373.3
Bunkers
14.8j Singapore
25.6
Imports
3 250.5
United States
12.4 Australia
14.0
Balance
1 877.2
Australia
11.5 New Zealand
14.0
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.7
Urban population (%)
2015
53.7
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.5
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
2.6
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
72.9/66.9
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
53
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
13.8/1.5
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
693k
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
20
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
16
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
4.5
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
3.9g
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
106.1/105.0g
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
93.4/84.3l
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
3.0l
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
16.0
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
98.8m
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
41.8e
Threatened species
2015
278
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
55.1e
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
1 709/1.9
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
8
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
36.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
1.0
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
99.6/91.2
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
93.4/88.4
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
2.3

a 2014. b Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2. c Paid employment only. d 2007. e Estimate. f Series
linked to former series. g 2013. h Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. i Break in the time series. j See
technical notes. k Excluding nationals residing abroad. l 2012. m Reduction in multiple sim usage per
subscriber (of different network operators).

74 World Statistics Pocketbook

Finland

Region
Northern Europe
Surface area (sq km)
338 436 a
Population (proj., 000) 5 524 a
Pop. density (per sq km) 18.2 a
Capital city
Helsinki
Capital city pop. (000) 1 180
Currency
Euro (EUR)
UN membership date
14 December 1955
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
204 431
247 800
272 217
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
2.8
3.0
0.4
GDP per capita (current US$)
38 966.2
46 165.1
49 677.6
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) b
2.6
2.7
2.8
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) c
33.5
30.0
26.5
de
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
63.9
67.3
70.6
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
4.6fg
4.1
3.9
fg
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
25.9
23.3
22.0
fg
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
69.3
72.0
73.7
Unemployment (% of labour force) h
8.4
8.4
8.7
h
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
56.8/65.4
56.2/64.6
55.4/62.4
i
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
106
116
127
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
102
94
99j
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
102
94
99j
Index of industrial production (2005=100)
100
100
95
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
7 788g
3 168
2 686
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
59 682.3
Germany
13.6 Germany
14.9
Imports
60 174.4
Sweden
10.1 Sweden
11.2
Balance
492.1
United States
6.7 Russian Federation
10.9
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.5a
Urban population (%)
2015
84.2a
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.5a
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.8a
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
83.4/77.6a
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
58a
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
315.9/5.7a
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) k
2014
2 731
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
16 348l
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
2a
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
9.7
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
7.2j
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
101.4/101.5
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
152.1/139.1
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
97.2/80.5
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
1.6
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
41.5
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
139.7
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
92.4m
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
662.0
Threatened species
2015
25
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
73.1h
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
46 300/8.5
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
755
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
252.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
14.1
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
100.0/100.0
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
99.5/88.0
Net Official Development Assistance disbursed (% of GNI) n
2014
0.6

a Including land Islands. b Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care. c Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals. d Excludes repair of personal and household goods. e Includes
publishing activities and landscaping care. f Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. g Break in the time
series. h Estimate. i Series linked to former series. j 2013. k Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types
of tourism accommodation establishments. l Refugee population relates to the end of 2014. m Population
age 16-74. n Development Assistance Committee member (OECD).

World Statistics Pocketbook 75

France

Region
Western Europe
Surface area (sq km)
551 500
Population (proj., 000) 64 668
Pop. density (per sq km) 118.1
Capital city
Paris
Capital city pop. (000) 10 843
Currency
Euro (EUR)
UN membership date
24 October 1945
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) a
2 203 624
2 646 837
2 829 192
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) a
1.6
2.0
0.2
GDP per capita (current US$) a
34 832.9
40 667.0
42 650.8
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) ab
1.9
1.8
1.7
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) ac
21.5
19.6
19.4
ade
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
76.6
78.6
78.9
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
3.6fg
2.9
2.8
fg
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
23.8
22.2
20.5
fg
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
72.3
74.4
75.8
Unemployment (% of labour force) h
8.5
8.9
10.3
h
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
50.1/62.0
50.9/61.3
50.9/60.4
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
110
119
125
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
100
97
97i
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
100
97
97i
Index of industrial production (2005=100) j
100
90
87
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
137
22 034
27 481
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)k
(% of exports)k
(% of imports)k
Exports
573 055.5
Germany
13.9 Germany
14.9
Imports
651 495.6
United States
8.4 United States
8.9
Balance
78 440.1
Spain
6.3 China
8.1
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.5
Urban population (%)
2015
79.5
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.8
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
2.0
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
84.9/78.8
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
60
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
7 784.4/12.1
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
83 767
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
320 089
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
3
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
11.5l
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
3.2
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
5.5m
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
105.0/105.7
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
111.2/110.1
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
71.0/57.9
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
1.2
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
26.2
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
100.4
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
83.8n
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
379.0
Threatened species
2015
236o
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
30.6h
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
333 191/5.2k
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
5 659k
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
166.0k
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
25.7
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
100.0/100.0
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
98.6/98.9
Net Official Development Assistance disbursed (% of GNI) p
2014
0.4

a Including Guadeloupe, Martinique, Runion and French Guiana. b Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care. c Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals. d Excludes repair of personal
and household goods. e Includes publishing activities and landscaping care. f Data classified according
to ISIC Rev. 3. g Break in the time series. h Estimate. i 2013. j Excluding the Overseas Departments (French
Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte and Runion). k Including Monaco. l Estimates are based on
different national accounting bases (2000, 2005 and 2010). m 2012. n Population age 16-74. o Excluding
overseas territories. p Development Assistance Committee member (OECD).
76 World Statistics Pocketbook

French Guiana

Region
South America
Surface area (sq km)
83 534
Population (proj., 000) 276
Pop. density (per sq km) 3.4
Capital city
Cayenne
Capital city pop. (000) 58 a
Currency
Euro (EUR)
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
Employment: Industry (% of employed) bc
...
14.1
14.9d
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) bc
...
51.5
58.3d
Unemployment (% of labour force) e
24.8
21.0
22.7
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) e
45.7/61.5
48.0/61.4
49.0/60.8
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
108
119
126
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
96
90
89f
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
96
90
89f
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.8
Urban population (%)
2015
84.4
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.8
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
3.5
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
82.6/75.8
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
63
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
106.1/39.5
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
185
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
10
Environment and infrastructure
Threatened species
2015
67
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
98.9e
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
759/3.0
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
3
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
52.0e
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
48.8

a 2014. b Persons aged 15 to 64 years. c Excluding the institutional population. d 2012. e Estimate. f 2013.

World Statistics Pocketbook 77

French Polynesia

Region
Oceania-Polynesia
Surface area (sq km)
4 000
Population (proj., 000) 286
Pop. density (per sq km) 78.1
Capital city
Papeete
Capital city pop. (000) 133 ab
Currency
CFP Franc (XPF)
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
5 703
6 081
5 623
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
1.4
2.5
2.7
GDP per capita (current US$)
22 374.0
22 683.7
20 098.5
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
3.4
2.5
2.7
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
12.7
12.3
12.1
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
83.9
85.2
85.3
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) c
3.5
2.7
2.8d
c
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
17.2
15.9
15.8d
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) c
79.2
81.4
81.4d
Unemployment (% of labour force) e
15.7
11.6
18.0
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) e
47.2/65.8
47.0/64.1
46.8/63.3
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
106
116
122
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
104
99
105f
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
104
99
105f
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
9
18
208
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)a
(% of exports)a
(% of imports)a
Exports
170.1
China, Hong Kong SAR 28.7 France
25.9
Imports
1 761.7
Japan
27.6 Singapore
13.4
Balance
1 591.6
United States
11.9 United States
10.7
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.1
Urban population (%)
2015
55.9
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.9
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
2.1
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
78.6/74.0
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
42
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
30.1/10.6
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
181g
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
7
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
85.7e
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
60.7e
Threatened species
2015
175
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
42.4e
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
821/3.0
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
1e
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
44.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
<
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
100.0/100.0
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
98.5/98.5

a 2014. b Refers to the total population in the communes of Arue, Faaa, Mahina, Papara, Papeete, Pirae
and Punaauia. c Employees only. d 2011. e Estimate. f 2013. g Excluding nationals residing abroad.

78 World Statistics Pocketbook

Gabon

Region
Middle Africa
Surface area (sq km)
267 668
Population (proj., 000) 1 763
Pop. density (per sq km) 6.8
Capital city
Libreville
Capital city pop. (000) 707
Currency
CFA Franc (XAF)
UN membership date
20 September 1960
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
9 579
12 882
17 413
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
1.1
6.8
5.0
GDP per capita (current US$)
6 952.5
8 354.4
10 317.5
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
5.2
4.6
3.9
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
62.6
55.6
50.9
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
32.2
39.8
45.2
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) a
24.2
...
...
a
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
11.8
...
...
a
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
64.0
...
...
b
Unemployment (% of labour force)
21.7
20.4
20.4
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) b
54.1/64.1
39.0/56.4
39.5/57.2
cd
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
105
123
128e
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
100
117
122e
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
100
115
120e
Index of industrial production (2005=100) fg
100h
117h
...
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
1 983
...
...
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.3
Urban population (%)
2015
87.2
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.7
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
4.0
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
64.1/63.2
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
73
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
268.4/15.6i
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
2 894
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
43
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
3.4
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
139.9/144.0j
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
9.4k
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
14.2
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
210.4b
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
9.8b
Threatened species
2015
231
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
87.7b
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
4 756/2.9
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
569
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
60.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
12.3
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
97.2/66.7
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
43.4/31.6
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
0.7
a Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2. b Estimate. c African population. d Libreville. e 2013. f Data
classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. g Country data supplemented with data from the Observatoire Economique et Statistique dAfrique Subsaharienne (Afristat). h Data refers to manufacturing and utilities
only. i Refers to foreign citizens. j 2011. k 2012.

World Statistics Pocketbook 79

Gambia

Region
Western Africa
Surface area (sq km)
11 295
Population (proj., 000) 2 055
Pop. density (per sq km) 203.1
Capital city
Banjul
Capital city pop. (000) 504 a
Currency
Dalasi (GMD)
UN membership date
21 September 1965
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
624
952
851
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
0.9
6.5
1.6
GDP per capita (current US$)
433.3
562.6
441.3
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
28.6
30.7
19.7
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
14.9
13.1
15.2
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
56.5
56.3
65.1
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
...
...
31.5
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
...
...
13.9
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
...
...
54.6
b
Unemployment (% of labour force)
30.3
29.8
30.2
b
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
71.7/83.5
72.2/83.2
72.2/82.8
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) c
157
193
223d
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
94
134
98d
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
94
134
98d
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
51
21
15e
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)f
(% of exports)f
(% of imports)f
Exports
103.9
Mali
37.8 Cte d'Ivoire
20.6
Imports
387.2
Guinea
24.7 Brazil
11.0
Balance
283.3
Senegal
16.0 China
8.3
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
3.2
Urban population (%)
2015
59.6
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
4.3
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
5.8
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
61.2/58.5
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
94
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
192.5/9.7
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
156g
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
11 775
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
47
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
7.3
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
2.8d
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
88.0/83.5
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
2.5/3.7e
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
9.4e
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
9.4
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
119.6
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
15.6b
Threatened species
2015
55
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
47.9b
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
491/0.3
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
7
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
7.0b
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
1.4
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
94.2/84.4
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
61.5/55.0
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
12.8
a Refers to the local government areas of Banjul and Kanifing. b Estimate. c Banjul, Kombo St. Mary. d
2013. e 2012. f 2014. g Charter tourists only.

80 World Statistics Pocketbook

Georgia

Region
Western Asia
Surface area (sq km)
69 700
Population (proj., 000) 3 980 a
Pop. density (per sq km) 57.3 a
Capital city
Tbilisi
Capital city pop. (000) 1 147
Currency
Lari (GEL)
UN membership date
31 July 1992
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
6 411
11 638
16 530
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
9.6
6.2
4.8
GDP per capita (current US$)
1 432.5
2 738.3
4 097.0
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
16.5
8.3
9.1
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
26.5
22.0
24.0
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
57.0
69.8
66.9
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) b
54.3
53.4c
...
b
c
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
9.3
10.4
...
b
c
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
36.4
36.2
...
d
Unemployment (% of labour force)
13.8
16.3
12.4
d
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
55.4/73.3
56.2/75.4
57.0/78.1
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) e
132
189
...
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
121
67
86f
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
121
68
88f
Index of industrial production (2005=100) b
100
137
185
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
757
1 328
1 820
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
2 203.6
Azerbaijan
10.9 Turkey
17.2
Imports
7 724.4
Bulgaria
9.7 China
7.6
Balance
5 520.8
Turkey
7.6 Russian Federation
6.7
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.2a
Urban population (%)
2015
53.6a
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.1a
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.8a
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
78.1/70.9a
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
46a
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
168.8/4.2a
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
2 229
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
268 306
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
14a
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
7.4g
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
4.3
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
2.0h
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
117.5/116.3
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
99.6/99.3
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
43.7/34.8
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
2.7
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
11.3
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
124.9
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
48.9i
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
24.0
Threatened species
2015
114
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
40.6d
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
7 510/1.8
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
59
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
40.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
6.5
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
100.0/100.0
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
95.2/75.9
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
3.4

a Including Abkhazia and South Ossetia. b Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. c 2007. d Estimate.
e Five cities. f 2013. g As a result of recent health-care reforms in Georgia, public compulsory insurance
has since 2008 been implemented by private insurance companies. The voucher cost of this insurance is
treated as general government health expenditure. h 2012. i Population age 6+.

World Statistics Pocketbook 81

Germany

Region
Western Europe
Surface area (sq km)
357 340
Population (proj., 000) 80 682
Pop. density (per sq km) 231.5
Capital city
Berlin
Capital city pop. (000) 3 563
Currency
Euro (EUR)
UN membership date
18 September 1973
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
2 861 339
3 417 095
3 868 291
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
0.7
4.1
1.6
GDP per capita (current US$)
35 217.9
42 482.5
47 966.2
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) a
0.8
0.7
0.7
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) b
29.4
30.2
30.3
cd
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
69.8
69.1
69.0
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
2.3ef
1.5
1.3
ef
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
30.0
28.5
28.3
ef
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
67.8
69.9
70.4
Unemployment (% of labour force) g
11.2
7.1
5.0
g
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
50.6/66.9
52.8/66.5
54.5/66.5
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
108
117
125
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
100
102
105h
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
100
102
105h
Index of industrial production (2005=100) i
100
104
112
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
132 197
193 330
280 339
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
1 331 193.8
United States
9.5 China
9.7
Imports
1 056 340.5
France
8.6 Netherlands
9.3
Balance
274 853.3
United Kingdom
7.4 France
7.0
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.1
Urban population (%)
2015
75.3
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.2
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.4
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
83.1/78.2
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
52
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015 12 005.7/14.9
j
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
32 999
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
573 828
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
3
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
11.3
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
3.9k
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
4.9k
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
103.0/103.7
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
99.5/105.2
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
63.3/67.6
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
0.9
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
36.5
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
120.4
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
86.2l
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
913.0
Threatened species
2015
107
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
32.8g
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
757 313/9.4
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
5 032
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
165.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
38.5
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
100.0/100.0
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
99.3/99.0
Net Official Development Assistance disbursed (% of GNI) m
2014
0.4
a Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care. b Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation
canals. c Excludes repair of personal and household goods. d Includes publishing activities and landscaping care. e Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. f Break in the time series. g Estimate. h 2013. i
Excluding water and waste management. j Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of tourism accommodation establishments. k 2012. l Population age 16-74. m Development Assistance Committee
member (OECD).
82 World Statistics Pocketbook

Ghana

Region
Western Africa
Surface area (sq km)
238 537
Population (proj., 000) 28 033
Pop. density (per sq km) 123.2
Capital city
Accra
Capital city pop. (000) 2 277
Currency
Ghana Cedi (GHS)
UN membership date
8 March 1957
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
17 199
32 174
37 177
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
6.2
7.9
4.0
GDP per capita (current US$)
804.1
1 323.1
1 387.9
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
31.8
29.8a
22.0a
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
20.3
19.1b
28.4b
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
47.9
51.1cd
49.6cd
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
...
41.5
44.7ef
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
...
15.4
14.4ef
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
...
43.1
40.9ef
Unemployment (% of labour force) g
4.0
4.2
5.9
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) g
67.6/71.7
71.6/75.2
75.3/78.4
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
251
511
783
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
100
125
143f
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
100
125
143f
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
1 105
2 747
3 698
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)f
(% of exports)f
(% of imports)f
Exports
12 643.9
South Africa
22.4 China
17.8
Imports
12 787.2
United Arab Emirates 13.1 United States
9.8
Balance
143.3
Switzerland
9.3 Belgium
7.2
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.4
Urban population (%)
2015
54.0
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
3.4
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
4.3
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
62.0/60.1
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
73
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
399.5/1.5
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
1 093h
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
21 331
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
51
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
3.6i
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
6.0f
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
106.4/106.5
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
64.9/69.2
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
12.4/18.6
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
1.7j
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
10.9
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
114.8
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
18.9g
Threatened species
2015
223
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
40.8g
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
14 620/0.6
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
351
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
12.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
7.8
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
92.6/84.1
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
20.2/8.6
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
3.1
a Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care. b Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation
canals. c Excludes repair of personal and household goods. d Includes publishing activities and landscaping care. e Break in the time series. f 2013. g Estimate. h Including nationals residing abroad. i In
2010, Ghana revalued its economy from 1993 base to 2006, increasing its overall GDP by more than 60
per cent. Estimates have been updated taking into account 2010 GDP rebasing data series. j 2011.

World Statistics Pocketbook 83

Gibraltar

Region
Southern Europe
Surface area (sq km)
6
Population (proj., 000) 32
Pop. density (per sq km) 3 237.3
Capital city
Gibraltar
Capital city pop. (000) 29 a
Currency
Gibraltar Pound (GIP)
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
57.5/78.8b
...
...
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
111
128
142
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.9
Urban population (%)
2015
100.0
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.1
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
83.3/78.5b
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
11.1/34.4
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
129.5
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
65.0cd
Threatened species
2015
26
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
491/15.5
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
245.0
a 2014. b 2001. c 2012. d Estimate.

84 World Statistics Pocketbook

Greece

Region
Southern Europe
Surface area (sq km)
131 957
Population (proj., 000) 10 920
Pop. density (per sq km) 84.7
Capital city
Athens
Capital city pop. (000) 3 052 a
Currency
Euro (EUR)
UN membership date
25 October 1945
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
247 777
299 362
235 574
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
0.6
5.5
0.7
GDP per capita (current US$)
22 383.4
26 782.5
21 414.3
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) b
4.8
3.3
3.8
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) c
19.8
15.7
15.8
de
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
75.4
81.1
80.4
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
11.5fg
11.7
13.0
fg
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
22.6
19.8
15.1
fg
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
65.9
68.5
71.8
h
Unemployment (% of labour force)
10.2
12.5
26.5
h
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
42.1/64.2
44.2/63.7
44.1/60.1
i
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
118
139
142
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
103
83
86j
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
103
87
88j
Index of industrial production (2005=100)
100
85
74
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
18 233
30 275
4 872
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
28 289.2
Italy
11.4 Germany
10.6
Imports
47 264.0
Germany
7.3 Russian Federation
8.0
Balance
18 974.8
Turkey
6.7 Italy
7.9
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.4
Urban population (%)
2015
78.0
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.5
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.3
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
83.6/77.6
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
56
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
1 242.5/11.3
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
22 033
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
37 602
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
3
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
8.1
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
97.9/99.3j
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
105.9/110.4j
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
110.2/110.1j
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
0.1
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
19.7
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
115.0k
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
63.2l
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
68.0
Threatened species
2015
291
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
31.0h
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
69 156/6.3
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
390
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
90.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
8.6
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
100.0/100.0
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
99.2/98.1
Net Official Development Assistance disbursed (% of GNI) m
2014
0.1

a Refers to the localities of Calitha, Peristrion and Piraeus, among others. b Excludes irrigation canals
and landscaping care. c Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals. d Excludes repair of
personal and household goods. e Includes publishing activities and landscaping care. f Data classified
according to ISIC Rev. 3. g Break in the time series. h Estimate. i Series linked to former series. j 2013.
k Data from one operator refer to end of the third quarter. l Population age 16-74. m Development
Assistance Committee member (OECD).

World Statistics Pocketbook 85

Greenland

Region
Northern America
Surface area (sq km)
2 166 086
Population (proj., 000) 56
Pop. density (per sq km) 0.1
Capital city
Nuuk
Capital city pop. (000) 17 a
Currency
Danish Krone (DKK)
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
1 650
2 287
2 441
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
3.7
2.5
1.6
GDP per capita (current US$)
28 968.6
40 450.4
43 429.7
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
10.2
7.5
10.6
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
15.3
17.6
13.9
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
74.5
74.9
75.4
bc
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
...
...
4.6d
bc
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
...
...
12.6d
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) bc
...
...
82.5d
Unemployment (% of labour force)
9.3
8.4ef
9.7cgh
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
113
132
144
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
100
99
99h
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
99
99
99h
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
394.9
Denmark
81.6 Denmark
73.2
Imports
586.2
Portugal
7.2 Sweden
9.1
i
Balance
191.3
Areas nes
6.4 China
2.7
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.1
Urban population (%)
2015
86.4
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.7
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
2.0j
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
73.5/68.7k
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
41h
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
6.0/10.7
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
1.8d
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
106.4l
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
66.7l
Threatened species
2015
17
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
0.0l
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
568/10.1
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
1
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
166.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
22.4
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
100.0/100.0
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
100.0/100.0
a 2014. b Persons aged 15 to 64 years. c Nationals, residents. d 2011. e 2006. f Break in the time series.
g Persons aged 18 to 64 years. h 2013. i See technical notes. j 2012. k 2008 - 2012. l Estimate.

86 World Statistics Pocketbook

Grenada

Region
Caribbean
Surface area (sq km)
345
Population (proj., 000) 107
Pop. density (per sq km) 315.7
Capital city
Saint George's
Capital city pop. (000) 38 a
Currency
East Caribbean Dollar (XCD) UN membership date
17 September 1974
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
701
777
884
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
13.3
0.5
2.4
GDP per capita (current US$)
6 804.3
7 418.1
8 312.6
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
3.4
5.2
6.5
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
26.2
16.8
14.0
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
70.5
78.1
79.5
Unemployment (% of labour force)
10.2b
...
...
c
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
112
136
142d
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
77
90
97d
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
77
90
97d
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
193
204
213d
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.4
Urban population (%)
2015
35.6
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.3
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
2.2
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
75.6/70.8
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
51
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
7.1/6.6
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
134
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
10
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
6.1
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
102.3/104.0
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
100.5/101.2
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
7.5
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
33.3
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
126.5e
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
37.4e
Threatened species
2015
51
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
50.0e
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
304/2.9
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
0
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
43.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
0.1
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
99.0/95.3
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
97.5/98.3
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
4.6
a 2014. b 2001. c Series linked to former series. d 2013. e Estimate.

World Statistics Pocketbook 87

Guadeloupe

Region
Caribbean
Surface area (sq km)
1 705
Population (proj., 000) 471 a
Pop. density (per sq km) 278.4 a
Capital city
Basse-Terre
Capital city pop. (000) 55 b
Currency
Euro (EUR)
Economic indicators
2005
2010
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) cd
...
...
Employment: Industry (% of employed) cd
...
13.8
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) cd
...
64.4
Unemployment (% of labour force) f
25.9
23.8
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) f
48.9/56.6
51.8/57.7
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
112
122
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
103
89
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
103
89
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
Urban population (%)
2015
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
Environment and infrastructure
Threatened species
2015
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015

2014
3.3e
13.5e
65.5e
26.2
51.2/59.1
129
100g
100g
0.5a
98.4a
0.5a
2.2a
84.0/76.8a
58a
98.5/21.0a
487hi
6a
70i
43.0f
2 142/4.6
4f
70.0f
2.6
99.3/99.8
97.0/...

a Including Saint-Barthlemy and Saint-Martin (French part). b 2014. c Persons aged 15 to 64 years. d
Excluding the institutional population. e 2012. f Estimate. g 2013. h 2013.""Arrivals by air. i Excluding the
north islands, Saint Barthlmy and Saint Martin (French part).

88 World Statistics Pocketbook

Region
Oceania-Micronesia
Surface area (sq km)
549
Population (proj., 000) 172
Pop. density (per sq km) 318.7
Capital city
Hagta
Capital city pop. (000) 143 a
Currency
US Dollar (USD)
Economic indicators
2005
2010
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) bc
...
0.3
Employment: Industry (% of employed) bc
...
14.0
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) bc
...
85.7
Unemployment (% of labour force) d
7.0
8.2
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) d
56.1/69.7
54.8/70.1
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
116
154
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
100
97
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
100
97
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
Urban population (%)
2015
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
Environment and infrastructure
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
Threatened species
2015
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015

Guam
2014
...
...
...
10.8
55.4/68.8
165
97e
97e
1.3
94.5
1.4
2.4
81.5/76.1
52
76.1/44.8
1 343
10
2.5f
69.3d
95
46.3d
5.2
99.5/99.5
89.8/89.8

a 2014. b Persons aged 16 years and over. c Excluding armed forces. d Estimate. e 2013. f 2011.

World Statistics Pocketbook 89

Guatemala

Region
Central America
Surface area (sq km)
108 889
Population (proj., 000) 16 673
Pop. density (per sq km) 155.6
Capital city
Guatemala City
Capital city pop. (000) 2 918
Currency
Quetzal (GTQ)
UN membership date
21 November 1945
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
27 211
41 338
58 827
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
3.3
2.9
4.3
GDP per capita (current US$)
2 064.0
2 806.0
3 673.1
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
13.1
11.4
11.2
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
28.6
28.0
28.1
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
58.3
60.6
60.8
abc
adef
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
38.3
33.2
32.7g
abc
adef
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
19.5
22.8
17.1g
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
42.2abc
44.0adef
50.2g
Unemployment (% of labour force) h
2.4
3.7
2.8
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) h
45.1/87.6
41.8/85.7
41.0/83.4
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
144
193
229
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
98
128
147g
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
98
131
150g
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
1 301
563
1 230
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
10 797.0
United States
35.8 United States
37.1
Imports
17 631.1
El Salvador
11.5 Mexico
11.6
Balance
6 834.1
Honduras
8.4 China
10.6
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.1
Urban population (%)
2015
51.6
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
3.4
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
3.3
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
75.0/67.9
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
71
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
76.4/0.5i
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
1 455
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
275
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
23
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
6.2j
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
2.8g
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
101.6/105.5
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
61.5/65.5
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
18.9/17.8g
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
31.2
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
13.9
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
106.6k
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
23.4h
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
1.0
Threatened species
2015
282
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
33.7h
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
13 597/0.9
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
310
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
29.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
15.7
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
98.4/86.8
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
77.5/49.3
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
0.5

a Persons aged 10 years and over. b Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2. c 2004. d Data classified
according to ISIC Rev. 3. e Break in the time series. f 2006. g 2013. h Estimate. i Including refugees. j
Data revision. k New tax on numbering resources, which has prompted operators to return several numbers, either inactive ones or with low consumption.

90 World Statistics Pocketbook

Guinea

Region
Western Africa
Surface area (sq km)
245 857
Population (proj., 000) 12 947
Pop. density (per sq km) 52.7
Capital city
Conakry
Capital city pop. (000) 1 936
Currency
Guinean Franc (GNF)
UN membership date
12 December 1958
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
2 823
4 730
6 579
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
3.0
1.9
1.3
GDP per capita (current US$)
291.9
429.5
535.9
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
24.3
22.1
18.0
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
34.8
44.7
41.4
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
40.9
33.2
40.6
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
...
74.3
74.8a
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
...
5.8
5.6a
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
...
19.9
19.3a
Unemployment (% of labour force) b
1.7
1.6
1.7
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) b
62.7/80.9
66.1/80.9
79.5/85.1
c
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
185
439
753
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
101
113
123d
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
101
113
123d
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
160
329
1 240d
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
1 573.7
Ghana
22.0 China
14.9
Imports
2 138.6
India
16.4 Netherlands
13.4
Balance
564.9
United Arab Emirates
9.9 India
10.9
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.7
Urban population (%)
2015
37.2
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
3.8
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
5.1
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
58.5/57.6
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
84
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
228.4/1.8ef
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
33g
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
8 997
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
59
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
5.6
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
3.5d
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
83.8/98.6
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
30.7/46.8
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
6.7/14.9
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
8.7a
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
21.9
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
72.1b
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
1.7b
Threatened species
2015
163
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
26.2b
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
2 299/0.2
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
113
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
12.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
20.3
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
92.7/67.4
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
34.1/11.8
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
9.2

a 2012. b Estimate. c Conakry. d 2013. e Including refugees. f Refers to foreign citizens. g Arrivals by air
at Conakry airport.

World Statistics Pocketbook 91

Guinea-Bissau

Region
Western Africa
Surface area (sq km)
36 125
Population (proj., 000) 1 888
Pop. density (per sq km) 67.2
Capital city
Bissau
Capital city pop. (000) 492
Currency
CFA Franc (XOF)
UN membership date
17 September 1974
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
587
847
1 209
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
4.3
4.4
2.9
GDP per capita (current US$)
401.2
518.6
671.7
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
45.4
46.4
46.0
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
14.7
13.4
14.4
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
39.9
40.3
39.7
a
Unemployment (% of labour force)
7.6
7.5
7.6
a
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
65.9/78.8
66.6/78.4
67.1/78.2
bc
bcd
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
104
122
...
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
99
122
140e
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
99
122
141e
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
46
99
53e
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.4
Urban population (%)
2015
49.3
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
4.1
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
5.0
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
56.5/53.0
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
78
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
22.3/1.2f
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
8 807
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
92
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
5.6ghi
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
2.4e
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
9.9j
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
13.7
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
63.5
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
3.3a
Threatened species
2015
66
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
70.8a
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
257/0.2
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
25
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
17.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
10.4
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
98.8/60.3
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
33.5/8.5
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
10.6
a Estimate. b Index base: 2003=100. c Bissau. d Series linked to former series. e 2013. f Including refugees.
g Data revision. h Estimates should be viewed with caution as these are derived from scarce data. i
Government expenditures show fluctuations due to variations in capital investment. j 2012.

92 World Statistics Pocketbook

Guyana

Region
South America
Surface area (sq km)
214 969
Population (proj., 000) 771
Pop. density (per sq km) 3.9
Capital city
Georgetown
Capital city pop. (000) 124 a
Currency
Guyana Dollar (GYD)
UN membership date
20 September 1966
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
1 315
2 259
3 086
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
2.0
5.4
3.1
GDP per capita (current US$)
1 771.7
2 998.9
4 039.6
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
25.7b
17.6
18.2
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
28.7
34.5
32.8
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
45.6
47.9
49.1
c
d
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
21.4
...
...
c
d
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
24.5
...
...
c
d
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
50.5
...
...
e
Unemployment (% of labour force)
10.2
11.0
11.2
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) e
38.7/82.1
40.4/79.7
41.8/77.4
f
g
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
128
177
...
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
94
108
129h
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
94
108
129h
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
96
246
385
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
1 285.8
United States
24.2 Republic of Korea
32.1
Imports
2 185.7
Canada
12.3 United States
19.6
Balance
899.9
Trinidad and Tobago
9.6 Trinidad and Tobago
15.1
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.4
Urban population (%)
2015
28.6
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.8
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
2.6
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
68.6/64.0
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
51
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
15.4/2.0
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
206i
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
12
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
33
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
5.3
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
3.2j
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
83.9/86.9j
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
89.0/89.7j
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
16.8/8.2j
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
20.4h
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
30.4
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
70.5
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
37.4e
Threatened species
2015
87
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
84.1e
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
1 936/2.5
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
7
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
45.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
5.3
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
98.2/98.3
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
87.9/82.0
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
4.9
a 2014. b Includes processing of sugar and rice. c Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. d 2002. e
Estimate. f Georgetown. g Series linked to former series. h 2013. i Arrivals to Timehri airport only. j 2012.

World Statistics Pocketbook 93

Haiti

Region
Caribbean
Surface area (sq km)
27 750
Population (proj., 000) 10 848
Pop. density (per sq km) 393.6
Capital city
Port-au-Prince
Capital city pop. (000) 2 440
Currency
Gourde (HTG)
UN membership date
24 October 1945
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
4 154
6 708
8 599
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
1.8
5.5
2.8
GDP per capita (current US$)
448.5
670.8
813.4
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
22.4
21.0
17.6
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
32.9
33.7
37.7
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
44.8
45.4
44.8
a
Unemployment (% of labour force)
7.4
7.7
6.9
a
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
58.4/69.4
60.2/70.5
61.3/71.2
b
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
252
375
478
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
102
111
118c
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
102
113
121c
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
356
1 942
1 365
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.4
Urban population (%)
2015
58.6
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
3.8
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
3.1
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
64.4/60.2
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
62
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
39.5/0.4
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
465de
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
10
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
47
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
7.6f
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
10.0g
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
0.0
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
64.7
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
11.4a
Threatened species
2015
169
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
3.6a
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
2 406/0.2
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
140
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
16.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
0.1
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
64.9/47.6
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
33.6/19.2
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
12.4
a Estimate. b Series linked to former series. c 2013. d Including nationals residing abroad. e Arrivals by
air. f Data revision. g 2012.

94 World Statistics Pocketbook

Honduras

Region
Central America
Surface area (sq km)
112 492
Population (proj., 000) 8 190
Pop. density (per sq km) 73.2
Capital city
Tegucigalpa
Capital city pop. (000) 1 123
Currency
Lempira (HNL)
UN membership date
17 December 1945
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
9 757
15 839
19 497
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
6.1
3.7
3.1
GDP per capita (current US$)
1 418.1
2 110.8
2 448.9
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
13.1
11.9
13.0
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
27.6
26.2
24.8
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
59.3
62.0
62.2
ab
c
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
39.2
37.5
35.8d
ab
c
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
20.9
18.5
18.8d
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) ab
39.7
43.3c
45.4d
Unemployment (% of labour force) e
4.2
4.8
3.9
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) e
36.3/83.1
44.2/84.6
47.0/84.4
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
150
208
260
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
103
111
121d
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
104
109
118d
Index of industrial production (2005=100) f
100
113
130
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
304
682
1 444
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)g
(% of exports)g
(% of imports)g
Exports
4 533.3
United States
44.3 United States
40.8
Imports
7 983.6
Germany
7.2 China
11.3
Balance
3 450.3
El Salvador
6.1 Guatemala
7.5
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.5
Urban population (%)
2015
54.7
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
3.1
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
2.5
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
75.4/70.4
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
58
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
28.1/0.4h
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
868
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
42
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
28
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
8.7
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
5.9d
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
108.0/110.2
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
73.7/63.2
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
24.4/18.0
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
74.6
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
25.8
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
93.5
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
19.1e
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
1.0d
Threatened species
2015
294
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
43.2e
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
9 065/1.1
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
106
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
28.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
7.8
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
97.4/83.8
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
86.7/77.7
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
3.3

a Persons aged 10 years and over. b Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2. c Break in the time series.
d 2013. e Estimate. f Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. g 2014. h Including refugees.

World Statistics Pocketbook 95

Hungary

Region
Eastern Europe
Surface area (sq km)
93 024
Population (proj., 000) 9 821
Pop. density (per sq km) 108.5
Capital city
Budapest
Capital city pop. (000) 1 714
Currency
Forint (HUF)
UN membership date
14 December 1955
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
112 531
130 091
138 347
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
4.4
0.7
3.7
GDP per capita (current US$)
11 146.1
12 990.1
13 989.2
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) a
4.3
3.6
4.5
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) b
31.5
30.2
31.2
cd
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
64.3
66.3
64.4
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
4.8ef
4.5
4.6
ef
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
32.6
30.8
30.5
ef
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
62.5
64.7
64.5
Unemployment (% of labour force) g
7.2
11.2
7.7
g
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
42.9/58.3
43.7/58.3
46.3/62.5
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
133
173
193
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
97
80
88h
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
96
80
88h
Index of industrial production (2005=100) i
100
108
122
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
7 883
346
3 044
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
100 166.5
Germany
27.3 Germany
26.1
Imports
90 374.3
Romania
5.2 Austria
6.6
Balance
9 792.2
Slovakia
5.0 China
5.8
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.3
Urban population (%)
2015
71.2
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.5
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.3
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
78.5/71.2
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
48
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
449.6/4.6j
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
12 140
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
28 751
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
5
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
7.4
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
3.1k
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
4.6l
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
100.9/102.1
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
107.1/106.9
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
60.0/46.6
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
1.5
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
10.1
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
118.1
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
76.1m
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
67.0
Threatened species
2015
67
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
22.8g
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
41 441/4.2
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
426
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
95.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
22.6
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
100.0/100.0
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
97.8/98.6
Net Official Development Assistance disbursed (% of GNI)
2014
0.1

a Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care. b Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation
canals. c Excludes repair of personal and household goods. d Includes publishing activities and landscaping care. e Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. f Break in the time series. g Estimate. h 2013. i
Excluding water and waste management. j Including refugees. k 2012. l 2011. m Population age 16-74.

96 World Statistics Pocketbook

Iceland

Region
Northern Europe
Surface area (sq km)
103 000
Population (proj., 000) 332
Pop. density (per sq km) 3.3
Capital city
Reykjavik
Capital city pop. (000) 184 a
Currency
Iceland Krona (ISK)
UN membership date
19 November 1946
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
16 749
13 237
17 036
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
6.0
3.6
1.8
GDP per capita (current US$)
56 443.5
41 619.9
52 047.5
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) b
5.8
7.4
6.0
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) c
25.1
24.8
23.6
de
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
69.2
67.8
70.2
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
6.3f
5.4
4.2
f
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
21.6
18.2
18.2
f
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
71.3
75.9
77.1
Unemployment (% of labour force) g
2.5
7.6
4.9
g
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
70.8/80.2
70.4/78.6
70.9/77.7
h
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
122
182
211
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
99
110
114i
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
99
110
114i
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
2 339
308
551
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
4 723.3
Netherlands
26.1 Norway
10.1
Imports
5 285.8
United Kingdom
11.6 Germany
8.6
Balance
562.5
Spain
11.5 United States
7.9
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.7
Urban population (%)
2015
94.1
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.3
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
2.0
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
83.8/80.7
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
52
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
37.5/11.4
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
998
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
448
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
2
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
8.9
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
3.5j
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
7.1k
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
98.9/98.5j
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
110.8/111.6j
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
104.6/60.7j
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
0.3i
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
41.3
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
111.1
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
98.2l
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
281.0
Threatened species
2015
21
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
0.5g
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
1 969/6.1
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
286
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
957.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
2.3
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
100.0/100.0
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
98.7/100.0
Net Official Development Assistance disbursed (% of GNI) m
2014
0.2

a 2014. b Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care. c Excludes publishing activities, includes
irrigation canals. d Excludes repair of personal and household goods. e Includes publishing activities and
landscaping care. f Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. g Estimate. h Annual averages are based on
the months February-December and January of the following year. i 2013. j 2012. k 2011. l Population
age 16-74. m Development Assistance Committee member (OECD).

World Statistics Pocketbook 97

India

Region
Southern Asia
Surface area (sq km)
3 287 263
Population (proj., 000) 1 326 802
Pop. density (per sq km) 446.3
Capital city
New Delhi
Capital city pop. (000) 250 a
Currency
Indian Rupee (INR)
UN membership date
30 October 1945
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
820 980
1 668 768
2 054 941
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
9.3
10.3
7.3
GDP per capita (current US$)
717.4
1 355.6
1 586.5
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) b
19.3
18.7
17.0
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) c
34.3
33.1
30.0
de
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
46.4
48.2
53.0
fg
fg
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
55.8
51.1
49.7hi
fg
fg
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
19.0
22.4
21.5hi
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
25.2fg
26.6fg
28.7hi
Unemployment (% of labour force) j
4.4
3.5
3.5
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) j
36.8/83.1
28.6/80.5
26.7/79.1
k
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
122
183
256
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
100
125
140i
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
100
123
139i
Index of industrial production (2005=100) fl
100
152
163
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
10 284
54 516
27 452
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
264 381.0
United States
15.2 China
15.8
Imports
390 744.7
United Arab Emirates 11.3 Saudi Arabia
5.5
Balance
126 363.7
China, Hong Kong SAR 4.6 Switzerland
5.4
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.3
Urban population (%)
2015
32.7
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.4
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
2.5
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
68.9/66.1
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
52
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
5 241.0/0.4m
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
7 679n
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
205 764
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
41
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
4.7
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
0.7o
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
3.8o
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
117.0/104.9i
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
69.2/68.6i
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
23.1/24.6i
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
3.2
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
12.0
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
74.5p
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
18.0j
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
9.0
Threatened species
2015
1 039
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
23.7j
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013 2 034 752/1.6
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
22 401
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
26.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
3.1
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
97.1/92.7
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
62.6/28.5
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
0.2

a 2011. b Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care. c Excludes publishing activities, includes
irrigation canals. d Excludes repair of personal and household goods. e Includes publishing activities and
landscaping care. f Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. g Excluding Leh and Kargil of Jammu and
Kashmir districts, some villages in Nagaland, Andaman and Nicobar Islands. h Break in the time series.
i 2013. j Estimate. k Industrial workers. l Twelve months beginning 1 April of the year stated. m Including
refugees. n Excluding nationals residing abroad. o 2012. p Data as at the end of December.
98 World Statistics Pocketbook

Indonesia

Region
South-Eastern Asia
Surface area (sq km)
1 910 931
Population (proj., 000) 260 581
Pop. density (per sq km) 143.8
Capital city
Jakarta
Capital city pop. (000) 10 323 a
Currency
Rupiah (IDR)
UN membership date
28 September 1950
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
304 372
755 094
888 538
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
5.7
6.2
5.0
GDP per capita (current US$)
1 345.3
3 125.2
3 491.9
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) b
12.1
14.3
13.7
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) c
43.1
43.9
43.0
de
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
44.8
41.8
43.3
f
fg
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
44.0
38.3
34.3h
f
fg
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
18.7
19.3
21.0h
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
37.2f
42.3fg
44.8h
Unemployment (% of labour force) i
11.2
7.1
5.9
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) i
50.0/85.3
51.9/84.3
50.8/84.0
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
156
227
283j
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
98
123
137k
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
98
124
138k
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
278
5 144g
27 516
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)l
(% of exports)l
(% of imports)l
Exports
176 036.2
Japan
13.1 China
17.2
Imports
178 179.3
China
10.0 Singapore
14.1
Balance
2 143.1
Singapore
9.5 Japan
9.5
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.3
Urban population (%)
2015
53.7
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.7
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
2.5
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
70.7/66.6
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
49
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
328.9/0.1m
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
9 435
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
13 188
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
25
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
2.9
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
0.2n
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
3.3
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
104.5/107.0
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
82.2/82.8
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
32.8/29.4
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
0.5
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
17.1
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
126.2i
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
17.1o
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
3.0
Threatened species
2015
1 246
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
51.0i
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
479 365/1.9
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
19 754
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
35.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
6.0
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
94.2/79.5
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
72.3/47.5
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
0.1
a Refers to the functional urban area. b Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care. c Excludes
publishing activities, includes irrigation canals. d Excludes repair of personal and household goods. e
Includes publishing activities and landscaping care. f Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. g Break in
the time series. h Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2. i Estimate. j Series linked to former series. k
2013. l 2014. m Including refugees. n 2012. o Population age 5+.

World Statistics Pocketbook 99

Iran (Islamic Republic of)

Region
Southern Asia
Surface area (sq km)
1 628 750 a
Population (proj., 000) 80 043
Pop. density (per sq km) 49.2
Capital city
Tehran
Capital city pop. (000) 8 432
Currency
Iranian Rial (IRR)
UN membership date
24 October 1945
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
219 846
467 790
425 326
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
4.2
6.6
4.3
GDP per capita (current US$)
3 135.2
6 299.9
5 442.9
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
6.5
6.7
7.4
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
45.7
40.3
41.6
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
47.9
53.1
51.0
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) b
24.7cd
19.2ce
17.9e
b
cd
ce
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
30.3
32.2
33.8e
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) b
44.8cd
48.6ce
48.3e
Unemployment (% of labour force) f
12.1
13.5
10.6
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) f
19.4/74.2
16.0/70.0
16.0/72.4
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
193
386
913
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
103
108
113g
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
103
108
114g
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)h
(% of exports)hi
(% of imports)h
Exports
130 544.0
Asia nes
47.0 United Arab Emirates
26.6
Imports
68 319.0
Europe nes
18.9 Areas nes
14.7i
Balance
62 225.0
Areas nes
7.1 China
10.3
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.3
Urban population (%)
2015
73.4
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.1
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.8
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
76.2/74.0
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
40
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
2 726.4/3.5j
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) k
2014
4 967
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
979 491
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
15
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
6.9l
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
3.0
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
111.6/106.9
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
87.9/88.9
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
63.6/68.2
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
4.8m
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
3.1
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
87.8
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
39.4f
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
174.0
Threatened species
2015
121
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
6.6f
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
616 976/8.0
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
12 544
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
119.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
6.7
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
97.7/92.1
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
92.8/82.3

a Land area only. b Persons aged 10 years and over. c Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. d Break
in the time series. e Excluding the institutional population. f Estimate. g 2013. h 2011. i See technical
notes. j Including refugees. k Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders. l Exchange rate changed
in 2002 from multiple to a managed floating exchange rate. Inter-bank market rate used prior to 2002.
m 2012.

100 World Statistics Pocketbook

Iraq

Region
Western Asia
Surface area (sq km)
435 052
Population (proj., 000) 37 548
Pop. density (per sq km) 86.5
Capital city
Baghdad
Capital city pop. (000) 6 643
Currency
Iraqi Dinar (IQD)
UN membership date
21 December 1945
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
36 268
117 138
225 422
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
4.4
5.5
3.9
GDP per capita (current US$)
1 342.4
3 794.8
6 390.7
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
6.9
5.1
4.2
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
63.3
55.4
59.0
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
29.9
39.4
36.9
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) a
17.0b
23.4cd
...
a
b
cd
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
17.8
18.2
...
a
b
cd
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
65.2
58.3
...
e
Unemployment (% of labour force)
18.0
15.2
16.0
e
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
13.7/68.9
14.5/69.3
15.0/69.6
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
323
660f
770
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
104
104
129g
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
104
104
129g
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
7 513
6 488
29 541h
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
89 741.9g
...
...
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
3.3
Urban population (%)
2015
69.5
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
3.0
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
4.6
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
71.4/67.0
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
79
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
353.9/1.0ij
k
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
892gl
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
4 311 660m
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
32
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
5.5cno
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
7.9p
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
26.5
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
94.9e
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
11.3e
Threatened species
2015
69
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
1.9e
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
167 813/4.9
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
6 522
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
61.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
0.4
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
93.8/70.1
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
86.4/83.8
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
0.6
a Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. b 2004. c Break in the time series. d 2008. e Estimate. f Series
linked to former series. g 2013. h 2012. i Including refugees. j Refers to foreign citizens. k Arrivals of nonresident visitors at national borders. l Including residents and non-residents. m Including an estimate for
stateless persons populations in line with Law 26 of 2006, which allows stateless persons to apply for
nationality in certain circumstances. n Estimates should be viewed with caution as these are derived
from scarce data. o The estimates do not include expenditures for Northern Iraq. p 2011.

World Statistics Pocketbook 101

Ireland

Region
Northern Europe
Surface area (sq km)
69 797
Population (proj., 000) 4 714
Pop. density (per sq km) 68.4
Capital city
Dublin
Capital city pop. (000) 1 169
Currency
Euro (EUR)
UN membership date
14 December 1955
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
211 383
220 063
250 814
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
6.3
0.4
5.2
GDP per capita (current US$)
50 285.1
47 660.2
53 648.1
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) a
1.2
1.1
1.6
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) b
34.5
26.7
25.6
cd
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
64.4
72.3
72.8
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) e
6.0
4.8
6.1
e
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
27.6
20.2
18.4
e
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
65.8
74.4
75.2
Unemployment (% of labour force) f
4.3
13.9
11.3
f
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
52.4/72.9
53.3/69.2
52.7/68.2
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
119
128
134
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
99
100
99g
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
99
100
99g
Index of industrial production (2005=100) h
100
109
129
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
7 150
2 319
8 914i
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
123 152.3
United States
23.6 United Kingdom
26.6
Imports
74 334.5
United Kingdom
13.9 United States
14.6
Balance
48 817.8
Belgium
13.1 France
10.6
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.3
Urban population (%)
2015
63.2
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.6
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
2.0
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
82.7/78.4
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
54
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
746.3/15.9
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
8 813j
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
10 252k
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
3
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
7.8
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
2.7
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
5.8l
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
103.1/102.6g
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
127.5/124.8l
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
75.2/71.2g
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
1.1
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
16.3
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
104.3
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
79.7m
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
191.0
Threatened species
2015
39
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
10.8f
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
34 965/7.5
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
95
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
117.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
3.5
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
97.9/97.8
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
89.1/92.9
Net Official Development Assistance disbursed (% of GNI) n
2014
0.4

a Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care. b Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation
canals. c Excludes repair of personal and household goods. d Includes publishing activities and landscaping care. e Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2. f Estimate. g 2013. h Excluding water and waste
management. i Break in the time series. j Including tourists from Northern Ireland. k Refugee population
relates to the end of 2014. l 2012. m Population age 16-74. n Development Assistance Committee member
(OECD).
102 World Statistics Pocketbook

Isle of Man

Region
Northern Europe
Surface area (sq km)
572
Population (proj., 000) 88
Pop. density (per sq km) 155.1
Capital city
Douglas
Capital city pop. (000) 29 a
Currency
Pound Sterling (GBP)
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) b
1.4c
1.9d
...
Employment: Industry (% of employed) b
16.1c
14.8d
...
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) b
82.5c
83.3d
...
Unemployment (% of labour force)
1.6c
2.4d
2.6efg
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
55.7/71.4c 56.3/69.9d 57.5/69.3ehi
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
117
140
161
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.8
Urban population (%)
2015
52.2
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.8
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
79.9/73.6j
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
52i
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
45.2/51.5
Environment and infrastructure
Threatened species
2015
3
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
6.1k
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
0k
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
4.0k
a 2014. b Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. c 2001. d 2006. e Break in the time series. f Persons
aged 15 to 64 years. g 2013. h Persons aged 16 years and over. i 2011. j 1996. k Estimate.

World Statistics Pocketbook 103

Israel

Region
Western Asia
Surface area (sq km)
22 072
Population (proj., 000) 8 193
Pop. density (per sq km) 378.6
a
Capital city
Jerusalem
Capital city pop. (000) 839 b
Currency
New Israeli Sheqel (ILS)
UN membership date
11 May 1949
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
142 838
234 323
305 673
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
4.4
5.5
2.6
GDP per capita (current US$)
21 630.0
31 578.4
38 500.3
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) c
1.7
1.7
1.3
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) d
22.8
22.6
22.1
ef
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
75.4
75.7
76.6
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
2.0g
1.6gh
1.1
g
gh
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
21.4
20.2
17.6
g
gh
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
75.7
77.2
79.7
Unemployment (% of labour force) i
8.0
6.0
5.9
i
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
55.4/69.3
57.1/69.7
59.0/69.5
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
109
124
133
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
100
104
110j
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
100
105
111j
Index of industrial production (2005=100) k
...
126
136
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
4 043
7 855
12 927
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
64 062.2
United States
28.3 United States
13.0
Imports
62 067.8
China, Hong Kong SAR 8.3 Areas nes
10.7l
Balance
1 994.4
United Kingdom
6.2 China
9.3
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.7
Urban population (%)
2015
92.1
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.4
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
3.1
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
83.8/80.2
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
64
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
2 011.7/25.0m
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
2 927n
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
45 179
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
3
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
7.8
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
3.3o
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
5.9j
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
104.4/104.0
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
102.7/101.1
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
76.2/56.7
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
1.7o
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
26.7
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
121.5i
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
71.5i
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
137.0
Threatened species
2015
152
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
7.4i
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
71 074/9.1
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
270
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
128.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
8.6
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
100.0/100.0
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
100.0/100.0
Net Official Development Assistance disbursed (% of GNI)
2014
0.1

a Designation and data provided by Israel. The position of the United Nations on Jerusalem is stated in
A/RES/181 (II) and subsequent General Assembly and Security Council resolutions. b Including East
Jerusalem. c Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care. d Excludes publishing activities, includes
irrigation canals. e Excludes repair of personal and household goods. f Includes publishing activities and
landscaping care. g Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. h Break in the time series. i Estimate. j 2013.
k Data refers to mining and manufacturing. l See technical notes. m Including refugees. n Excluding
nationals residing abroad. o 2012.
104 World Statistics Pocketbook

Italy

Region
Southern Europe
Surface area (sq km)
302 073
Population (proj., 000) 59 801
Pop. density (per sq km) 203.3
Capital city
Rome
Capital city pop. (000) 3 718
Currency
Euro (EUR)
UN membership date
14 December 1955
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
1 853 466
2 126 621
2 141 161
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
1.0
1.7
0.4
GDP per capita (current US$)
31 598.2
35 688.7
35 812.2
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) a
2.3
2.0
2.2
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) b
25.8
24.4
23.5
cd
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
71.9
73.7
74.3
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
4.0e
3.6
3.5
e
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
30.9
28.8
27.1
e
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
65.1
67.6
69.5
Unemployment (% of labour force) f
7.7
8.4
12.7
f
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
37.8/61.0
37.8/59.1
39.4/58.3
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
112g
123g
133
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
100
97
90h
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
100
97
91h
Index of industrial production (2005=100) i
100
89
81
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
29 744
74 385
39 908
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)j
(% of exports)j
(% of imports)j
Exports
458 751.2
Germany
12.3 Germany
15.4
Imports
408 971.0
France
10.3 France
8.7
Balance
49 780.2
United States
8.7 China
7.6
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.1
Urban population (%)
2015
69.0
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.4
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.4
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
85.2/80.3
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
57
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
5 788.9/9.7
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
48 576k
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
142 628l
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
2
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
9.3
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
3.8m
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
4.1n
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
101.4/102.3h
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
101.4/103.4h
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
74.2/53.2h
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
0.8
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
31.0
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
154.3o
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
62.0p
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
200.0
Threatened species
2015
279
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
31.2f
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
344 768/5.8j
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
1 542q
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
109.0q
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
13.3
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
100.0/100.0
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
99.5/99.7
Net Official Development Assistance disbursed (% of GNI) r
2014
0.2

a Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care. b Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation
canals. c Excludes repair of personal and household goods. d Includes publishing activities and landscaping care. e Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. f Estimate. g Excluding tobacco. h 2013. i Excluding
water and waste management. j Including San Marino. k Excluding seasonal and border workers. l Refugee
population relates to the end of 2014. m 2012. n 2011. o Data as at the end of December. p Population
age 16-74. q Data include San Marino and the Holy See. r Development Assistance Committee member
(OECD).
World Statistics Pocketbook 105

Jamaica

Region
Caribbean
Surface area (sq km)
10 991
Population (proj., 000) 2 803
Pop. density (per sq km) 258.9
Capital city
Kingston
Capital city pop. (000) 588
Currency
Jamaican Dollar (JMD)
UN membership date
18 September 1962
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
11 244
13 218
13 927
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
0.9
1.5
0.7
GDP per capita (current US$)
4 198.8
4 822.0
5 003.8
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
5.7
5.9
6.7
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
23.9
20.1
20.7
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
70.4
74.1
72.6
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) a
18.1b
20.2cde
18.2cdf
a
b
cde
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
17.7
15.9
15.2cdf
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) a
64.0b
63.8cde
66.5cdf
Unemployment (% of labour force) g
10.9
12.4
13.7
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) g
57.3/75.1
55.1/71.0
57.6/72.1
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
166
296
403
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
96
99
106f
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
96
99
106f
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
1 071
934
1 110
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)h
(% of exports)h
(% of imports)h
Exports
1 452.0
United States
39.5 United States
39.2
Imports
5 835.5
Canada
15.3 Venezuela
11.5
Balance
4 383.5
Netherlands
5.7 Trinidad and Tobago
10.2
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.4
Urban population (%)
2015
54.8
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.9
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
2.1
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
77.9/73.1
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
49
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
23.2/0.8
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
2 080i
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
18
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
15
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
5.4j
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
6.0
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
71.5/66.3
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
39.0/17.1f
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
36.1
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
12.7
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
102.9
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
40.5g
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
12.0
Threatened species
2015
298
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
31.0g
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
7 726/2.8
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
7
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
39.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
1.4
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
97.5/89.4
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
79.9/84.1
a Persons aged 14 years and over. b Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2. c Data classified according
to ISIC Rev. 3. d Break in the time series. e Services include activities not adequately defined. f 2013. g
Estimate. h 2014. i Arrivals of non-resident tourists by air. Including nationals residing abroad. E/D cards.
j Data revision.

106 World Statistics Pocketbook

Japan

Region
Eastern Asia
Surface area (sq km)
377 930 a
Population (proj., 000) 126 324
Pop. density (per sq km) 346.5
Capital city
Tokyo
Capital city pop. (000) 38 001 b
Currency
Yen (JPY)
UN membership date
18 December 1956
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
4 571 867
5 498 719
4 602 419
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
1.3
4.7
0.1
GDP per capita (current US$)
36 005.0
43 188.3
36 298.2
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) c
1.2
1.2
1.2
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) d
28.1
27.5
26.8
ef
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
70.7
71.3
72.0
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
4.4
4.0g
3.7h
g
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
28.4
25.4
25.8h
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
66.0
69.5g
69.1h
Unemployment (% of labour force) i
4.4
4.9
3.5
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) i
48.4/73.3
49.4/71.7
49.3/70.5
j
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
98
97
100
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
101
97
98h
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
101
97
98h
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
170 123
220 888
24 021
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
625 024.8
United States
20.2 China
25.6
Imports
626 082.8
China
17.5 United States
10.9
Balance
1 058.0
Republic of Korea
7.0 Australia
5.6
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.1
Urban population (%)
2015
93.5
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.6
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.4
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
86.5/80.0
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
65
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
2 043.9/1.6k
l
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
13 413m
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
13 755i
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
2
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
10.2
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
3.8
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
101.5/101.7h
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
102.1/101.7h
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
59.5/65.2h
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
0.3
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
9.5
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
120.2n
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
90.6i
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
2 092.0
Threatened species
2015
364
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
68.5i
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013 1 243 384/9.8
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
1 172
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
149.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
2.1
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
100.0/100.0
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
100.0/100.0
Net Official Development Assistance disbursed (% of GNI) o
2014
0.2

a Data refer to 1 October 2007. b Major metropolitan areas. c Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping
care. d Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals. e Excludes repair of personal and household goods. f Includes publishing activities and landscaping care. g Break in the time series. h 2013. i
Estimate. j Series linked to former series. k Refers to foreign citizens. l Arrivals of non-resident visitors
at national borders. m Excluding nationals residing abroad. n Data as at the end of December. o Development Assistance Committee member (OECD).

World Statistics Pocketbook 107

Jordan

Region
Western Asia
Surface area (sq km)
89 318
Population (proj., 000) 7 748
Pop. density (per sq km) 87.3
Capital city
Amman
Capital city pop. (000) 1 155 a
Currency
Jordanian Dinar (JOD)
UN membership date
14 December 1955
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
12 589
26 425
35 827
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
8.2
2.3
3.1
GDP per capita (current US$)
2 360.5
4 054.3
4 831.0
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
3.0
3.2
3.6
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
26.9
29.2
28.2
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
70.2
67.6
68.2
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
3.4bc
2.0
1.8
bc
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
20.7
17.5
18.5
bc
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
76.0
80.5
79.6
Unemployment (% of labour force) d
14.8
12.5
11.9
d
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
12.3/67.6
15.4/67.6
14.1/64.3
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
113
149
177
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
98
129
137e
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
97
129
137e
Index of industrial production (2005=100) b
100
105
109
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
2 271
1 882
2 419
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
7 860.3
United States
18.4 Saudi Arabia
15.5
Imports
20 043.0
Saudi Arabia
14.8 China
12.9
f
Balance
12 182.7
Free zones
10.7 United States
6.2
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
3.1
Urban population (%)
2015
83.7
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
3.8
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
3.5
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
75.5/72.2
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
65
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
3 112.0/41.0gh
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
3 990i
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
684 795j
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
17
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
7.5kl
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
88.2/89.3m
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
86.4/82.3m
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
51.6/43.8m
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
2.3m
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
12.0
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
147.8
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
44.0d
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
6.0
Threatened species
2015
102
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
1.1d
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
24 807/3.5
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
7
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
45.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
2.1
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
97.8/92.3
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
98.6/98.9
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
7.6

a Excluding Syrian refugees. b Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. c Break in the time series. d
Estimate. e 2013. f See technical notes. g Including refugees. h Refers to foreign citizens. i Including
nationals residing abroad. j Includes 32,800 Iraqi refugees registered with UNHCR in Jordan. The Government estimated the number of Iraqis at 400,000 individuals at the end of March 2015. This included
refugees and other categories of Iraqis. k Data revision. l The public expenditure on health includes
contributions from the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East
(UNRWA) made to Palestinian refugees residing in Jordanian territories. m 2012.

108 World Statistics Pocketbook

Kazakhstan

Region
Central Asia
Surface area (sq km)
2 724 902
Population (proj., 000) 17 855
Pop. density (per sq km) 6.6
Capital city
Astana
Capital city pop. (000) 759
Currency
Tenge (KZT)
UN membership date
2 March 1992
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
57 124
148 047
216 036
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
9.7
7.3
4.3
GDP per capita (current US$)
3 696.9
9 076.7
12 436.2
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
6.6
4.6a
4.5a
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
39.2
41.8b
36.1b
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
54.2
53.6cd
59.4cd
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
32.4e
28.3f
24.2fgh
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
18.0e
18.7f
19.8fgh
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
49.6e
53.0f
56.0fgh
Unemployment (% of labour force) i
8.1
5.8
5.1
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) i
64.4/75.2
65.5/75.8
65.8/76.5
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
140
...
...
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
100
107
127h
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
100
108
126h
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
1 036
1 386
4 643
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)j
(% of exports)j
(% of imports)j
Exports
79 458.7
Italy
20.2 Russian Federation
33.4
Imports
41 295.5
China
12.3 China
17.8
Balance
38 163.2
Netherlands
11.0 Germany
5.6
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.6
Urban population (%)
2015
53.2
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.9
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
2.6
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
73.9/64.3
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
50
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
3 546.8/20.1
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
4 560
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
7 849
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
14
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
4.4
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
3.6
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
111.3/111.4
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
106.8/104.2
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
54.2/42.9
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
7.4h
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
26.2
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
168.6
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
54.9i
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
105.0
Threatened species
2015
78
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
1.2i
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013 262 902/15.4
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
7 198
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
208.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
3.3
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
99.4/85.6
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
97.1/98.1
Net Official Development Assistance disbursed (% of GNI)
2014
<
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
0.1
a Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care. b Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation
canals. c Excludes repair of personal and household goods. d Includes publishing activities and landscaping care. e Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. f Break in the time series. g Excluding the
institutional population. h 2013. i Estimate. j 2014.

World Statistics Pocketbook 109

Kenya

Region
Eastern Africa
Surface area (sq km)
591 958
Population (proj., 000) 47 251
Pop. density (per sq km) 83.0
Capital city
Nairobi
Capital city pop. (000) 3 915
Currency
Kenyan Shilling (KES)
UN membership date
16 December 1963
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
21 506
40 000
60 936
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
5.9
8.4
5.3
GDP per capita (current US$)
608.4
991.9
1 358.3
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) a
23.2
27.1
29.5
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) b
22.3
20.3
18.8
cd
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
54.5
52.6
51.7
e
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
61.1
...
...
e
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
6.7
...
...
e
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
32.2
...
...
Unemployment (% of labour force) f
9.5
9.2
9.2
f
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
59.9/69.8
61.0/71.4
61.9/72.0
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
149gh
134ijk
188k
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
103
123
123l
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
103
124
123l
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
252
2 369
6 339
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)l
(% of exports)l
(% of imports)l
Exports
5 537.0
Uganda
11.9 India
18.3
Imports
16 394.5
United Kingdom
7.9 China
12.9
Balance
10 857.5
United Rep. Tanzania
7.7 United Arab Emirates
8.3
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.7
Urban population (%)
2015
25.6
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
4.3
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
4.4
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
62.2/59.1
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
81
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
1 084.4/2.4m
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
1 261
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
613 844
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
52
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
5.7n
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
0.2
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
111.6/111.2
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
65.2/70.1o
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
5.9
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
19.7
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
73.8
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
43.4f
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
3.0
Threatened species
2015
463
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
7.6f
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
13 300/0.3
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
719f
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
20.0f
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
10.6
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
81.7/56.8
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
31.2/29.7
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
4.4

a Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care. b Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation
canals. c Excludes repair of personal and household goods. d Includes publishing activities and landscaping care. e Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2. f Estimate. g Low income group. h Nairobi. i
Series linked to former series. j Break in the time series. k Index base: 2007=100. l 2013. m Including
refugees. n In 2014, Kenya revalued its base year from 2002 to 2009, which increased its GDP by 25 per
cent in 2013. o 2012.

110 World Statistics Pocketbook

Kiribati

Region
Oceania-Micronesia
Surface area (sq km)
726 a
Population (proj., 000) 114
Pop. density (per sq km) 141.2
Capital city
Bairiki
Capital city pop. (000) 4 b
Currency
Australian Dollar (AUD)
UN membership date
14 September 1999
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
112
156
180
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
5.0
0.9
3.7
GDP per capita (current US$)
1 214.5
1 515.4
1 631.9
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
21.8
24.3
25.2
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
9.3
10.2
10.9
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
68.9
65.6
63.9
c
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
7.1
22.1
...
c
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
8.4
16.1
...
c
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
81.1
61.8
...
d
Unemployment (% of labour force)
14.7
30.6
...
ef
f
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
20.4/32.8
52.3/66.8
...
g
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
110
...
...
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
95
118
121h
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
95
118
121h
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
...
3
45
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)h
(% of exports)h
(% of imports)h
Exports
6.7
Morocco
23.9 Australia
26.8
Imports
97.1
Marshall Islands
13.4 Singapore
21.1
Balance
90.4
Fiji
11.9 Fiji
14.9
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.8
Urban population (%)
2015
44.3
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.8
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
3.8
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
68.9/62.6
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
63
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
3.2/2.8
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
6hi
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
47
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
10.2
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
115.2/111.2
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
7.5j
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
6.5
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
17.4k
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
12.3k
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
176.0h
Threatened species
2015
100
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
15.0k
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
62/0.6
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
0
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
8.0k
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
11.8
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
87.4/50.6
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
51.2/30.6
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
35.2
a Land area only. Excluding 84 square km of uninhabited islands. b 2010. c Data classified according to
ISIC Rev. 2. d De facto population. e Break in the time series. f Persons present (de facto). g Tarawa. h
2013. i Air arrivals. Tarawa and Christmas Island. j 2012. k Estimate.

World Statistics Pocketbook 111

Kuwait

Region
Western Asia
Surface area (sq km)
17 818
Population (proj., 000) 4 007
Pop. density (per sq km) 224.9
Capital city
Kuwait City
Capital city pop. (000) 2 779
Currency
Kuwaiti Dinar (KWD)
UN membership date
14 May 1963
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
80 798
115 416
163 637
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
10.6
2.4
1.6
GDP per capita (current US$)
35 694.4
37 724.2
43 600.4
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
0.3
0.4
0.4
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
60.2
58.2
61.9
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
39.5
41.4
37.7
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
2.7ab
2.5c
1.2b
ab
c
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
20.6
25.1
40.2b
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
76.1ab
72.3c
58.6b
Unemployment (% of labour force) d
2.0
1.8
3.5
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) d
45.0/81.9
46.9/83.8
48.3/84.1
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
109
141
157
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
97
134
171e
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
97
135
172e
Index of industrial production (2005=100) a
100
89
115e
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
30 071
36 989
53 968
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
55 161.6
... China
16.0
Imports
31 907.2
... United States
9.4
Balance
23 254.4
... United Arab Emirates
9.3
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
4.8
Urban population (%)
2015
98.3
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
3.6
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
2.2
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
75.6/73.3
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
32
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
2 866.1/73.6fg
h
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
6 528
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
94 633
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
9
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
3.0
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
103.0/102.4
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
98.9/88.9d
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
33.1/20.4e
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
1.8i
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
1.5
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
218.4
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
78.7d
Threatened species
2015
42
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
0.4d
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
97 960/27.3
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
7 113j
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
410.0j
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
11.0
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
99.0/99.0
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
100.0/100.0

a Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. b Break in the time series. c 2008. d Estimate. e 2013. f Including
refugees. g Refers to foreign citizens. h Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders. i 2012. j The
data for crude oil production include 50 per cent of the output of the Neutral Zone.

112 World Statistics Pocketbook

Kyrgyzstan

Region
Central Asia
Surface area (sq km)
199 949
Population (proj., 000) 6 034
Pop. density (per sq km) 31.5
Capital city
Bishkek
Capital city pop. (000) 865
Currency
Som (KGS)
UN membership date
2 March 1992
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
2 460
4 794
7 404
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
0.2
0.5
3.6
GDP per capita (current US$)
480.9
877.4
1 267.1
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) a
31.3
18.8
16.6
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) b
22.1
28.2
25.8
cd
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
46.6
53.0
57.6
e
ef
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
38.5
34.0
31.7gh
e
ef
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
17.6
20.6
20.2gh
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
43.9e
45.3ef
48.1gh
Unemployment (% of labour force) i
8.1
8.6
8.2
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) i
54.1/76.1
52.2/76.6
49.2/76.8
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
122
...
...
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
98
105
112h
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
98
107
114h
Index of industrial production (2005=100) e
100
69
...
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
62
317
1 788
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
1 441.5
Switzerland
39.0 Russian Federation
31.3
Imports
4 068.1
Kazakhstan
15.8 China
25.3
Balance
2 626.6
Russian Federation
10.9 Kazakhstan
16.7
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.7
Urban population (%)
2015
35.7
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.6
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
3.1
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
74.3/66.4
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
55
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
204.4/3.4
j
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
2 849
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
14 279
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
20
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
6.5
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
2.0
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
6.8h
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
107.0/108.3
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
91.2/90.4
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
52.1/39.9
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
3.7
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
19.2
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
134.5
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
28.3i
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
23.0
Threatened species
2015
41
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
3.4i
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
9 842/1.7
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
74
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
29.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
6.9
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
96.7/86.2
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
89.2/95.6
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
8.7
a Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care. b Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation
canals. c Excludes repair of personal and household goods. d Includes publishing activities and landscaping care. e Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. f 2008. g Break in the time series. h 2013. i
Estimate. j Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.

World Statistics Pocketbook 113

Lao People's Democratic Republic

Region
South-Eastern Asia
Surface area (sq km)
236 800
Population (proj., 000) 6 918
Pop. density (per sq km) 30.0
Capital city
Vientiane
Capital city pop. (000) 997
Currency
Kip (LAK)
UN membership date
14 December 1955
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
2 717
6 744
11 749
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
6.8
8.1
7.6
GDP per capita (current US$)
472.9
1 077.2
1 756.4
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
36.3
29.7
23.9
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
23.2
28.9
33.5
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
40.5
41.4
42.5
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
...
71.3
...
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
...
8.3
...
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
...
20.2
...
a
Unemployment (% of labour force)
1.4
1.5
1.5
a
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
78.9/78.8
77.9/77.0
77.7/76.7
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
163b
208
258
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
100
130
156c
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
100
128
153c
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
174
29
376c
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.7
Urban population (%)
2015
38.6
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
4.9
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
3.1
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
66.8/64.1
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
63
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
22.2/0.3de
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
3 164
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
47
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
1.9
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
0.2f
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
4.2
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
113.5/119.1
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
54.6/59.8
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
16.7/17.9
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
7.3f
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
25.0
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
67.0
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
14.3a
Threatened species
2015
210
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
79.7a
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
2 175/0.3
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
85
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
13.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
16.7
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
85.7/69.4
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
94.5/56.0
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
4.2
a Estimate. b Series linked to former series. c 2013. d Including refugees. e Refers to foreign citizens. f
2012.

114 World Statistics Pocketbook

Latvia

Region
Northern Europe
Surface area (sq km)
64 573
Population (proj., 000) 1 956
Pop. density (per sq km) 31.4
Capital city
Riga
Capital city pop. (000) 621
Currency
Euro (EUR)
UN membership date
17 September 1991
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
16 903
23 743
31 286
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
10.7
3.8
2.4
GDP per capita (current US$)
7 588.1
11 357.7
15 726.5
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) a
4.3
4.4
3.3
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) b
22.9
23.8
23.4
cd
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
72.8
71.8
73.4
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
11.6ef
8.3
7.3
ef
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
26.7
23.4
24.1
ef
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
61.4
68.3
68.6
Unemployment (% of labour force) g
10.0
19.5
10.8
g
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
50.9/66.3
53.8/65.4
54.2/67.5
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
122
169
181
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
105
109
117h
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
105
109
118h
Index of industrial production (2005=100) i
100
98
111
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
1 988
563
629
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
11 500.4
Lithuania
19.0 Lithuania
17.5
Imports
13 846.1
Estonia
11.7 Germany
11.4
Balance
2 345.7
Russian Federation
8.0 Poland
11.1
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.2
Urban population (%)
2015
67.4
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.7
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.5
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
78.7/68.9
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
52
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
263.1/13.4
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
1 843j
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
263 168k
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
6
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
5.9
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
3.6l
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
4.9h
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
100.0/100.8
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
114.0/116.6
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
79.2/55.5
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
3.9
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
18.0
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
124.2
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
75.8m
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
56.0
Threatened species
2015
25
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
54.0g
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
7 081/3.5
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
90
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
91.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
17.8
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
99.8/98.3
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
90.8/81.5
Net Official Development Assistance disbursed (% of GNI)
2014
0.1
a Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care. b Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation
canals. c Excludes repair of personal and household goods. d Includes publishing activities and landscaping care. e Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. f Break in the time series. g Estimate. h 2013. i
Excluding water and waste management. j Non-resident departures. Survey of persons crossing the state
border. k The figure of stateless persons includes persons covered by two separate Laws; Law on Stateless
Persons dated 17 February 2004 and the Law on the Status of Those Former USSR Citizens who are not
Citizens of Latvia or of Any Other State. l 2012. m Population age 16-74.
World Statistics Pocketbook 115

Lebanon

Region
Western Asia
Surface area (sq km)
10 452
Population (proj., 000) 5 988
Pop. density (per sq km) 585.4
Capital city
Beirut
Capital city pop. (000) 2 226 a
Currency
Lebanese Pound (LBP)
UN membership date
24 October 1945
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
21 490
38 420
49 631
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
2.8
8.0
2.0
GDP per capita (current US$)
5 390.2
8 858.3
8 843.6
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
4.0b
4.3b
3.2
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) c
16.7
15.7
23.6
de
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
79.3
80.1
73.2
Unemployment (% of labour force) f
8.2
6.2
6.7
f
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
20.3/70.6
22.0/70.0
23.2/70.2
g
hi
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
105
105
126ij
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
97
95
97k
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
97
94
97k
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
2 748
7 552
12 207
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)l
(% of exports)l
(% of imports)l
Exports
3 312.2
Saudi Arabia
11.4 China
12.1
Imports
20 487.4
United Arab Emirates
9.7 Italy
8.0
Balance
17 175.2
South Africa
9.0 France
6.2
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
6.0
Urban population (%)
2015
87.8
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
3.2
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.7
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
80.9/77.1
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
47
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
1 997.8/34.2m
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
1 355n
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
1 189 052
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
9
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
6.4
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
3.2o
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
2.6k
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
92.8/101.7k
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
68.4/68.0k
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
45.8/39.5
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
4.3
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
3.1
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
88.4
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
74.7f
Threatened species
2015
69
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
13.4f
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
22 581/4.3
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
10
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
55.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
0.9
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
99.0/99.0
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
80.7/80.7
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
1.8

a Excluding Syrian refugees. b Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care. c Excludes publishing
activities, includes irrigation canals. d Excludes repair of personal and household goods. e Includes
publishing activities and landscaping care. f Estimate. g Beirut. h Break in the time series. i Index base:
2008=100. j Series linked to former series. k 2013. l 2014. m Including refugees. n Excluding nationals
residing abroad, Syrian nationals and Palestinians. o 2011.

116 World Statistics Pocketbook

Lesotho

Region
Southern Africa
Surface area (sq km)
30 355
Population (proj., 000) 2 160
Pop. density (per sq km) 71.2
Capital city
Maseru
Capital city pop. (000) 267 a
Currency
Loti (LSL)
UN membership date
17 October 1966
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
1 368
2 187
2 081
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
2.7
7.9
3.5
GDP per capita (current US$)
710.5
1 088.0
986.4
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
9.0
8.3
8.0
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
32.9
31.2
31.2
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
58.2
60.5
60.8
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) bc
...
12.1d
...
c
d
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
...
41.7
...
bc
d
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
...
45.5
...
e
Unemployment (% of labour force)
36.1
25.6
26.4
e
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
61.8/75.6
58.6/73.2
59.1/73.6
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
140
198f
244
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
102
110
111g
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
102
111
112g
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
166
158
228
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)h
(% of exports)h
(% of imports)h
Exports
678.2
South Africa
47.3 South Africa
88.9
Imports
1 594.2
United States
43.9 Asia nes
4.7i
Balance
916.0
Belgium
3.2 China
2.8
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.2
Urban population (%)
2015
27.3
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
3.1
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
3.3
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
49.6/49.2
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
67
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
6.6/0.3jk
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
320g
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
45
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
60
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
10.6
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
105.9/108.3
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
60.4/44.1
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
11.7/8.0
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
25.0
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
101.9
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
11.0e
Threatened species
2015
17
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
1.6e
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
2 296/1.1
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
21
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
23.0e
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
0.5
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
94.6/77.0
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
37.3/27.6
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
4.0

a 2014. b Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. c Persons aged 10 years and over. d 2008. e Estimate.
f Series linked to former series. g 2013. h 2012. i See technical notes. j Including refugees. k Refers to
foreign citizens.

World Statistics Pocketbook 117

Liberia

Region
Western Africa
Surface area (sq km)
111 369
Population (proj., 000) 4 615
Pop. density (per sq km) 47.9
Capital city
Monrovia
Capital city pop. (000) 1 264
Currency
Liberian Dollar (LRD)
UN membership date
2 November 1945
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
608
1 074
2 122
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
9.5
10.8
6.8
GDP per capita (current US$)
185.9
271.4
482.7
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
68.8
70.0
70.1
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
9.8
11.3
11.3
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
21.5
18.7
18.6
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
...
46.5
...
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
...
10.4
...
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
...
41.2
...
a
Unemployment (% of labour force)
4.9
3.7
4.0
a
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
58.5/62.9
58.1/64.3
58.0/63.8
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
105
100
101b
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
104
120
121b
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
208
737
1 217
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.6
Urban population (%)
2015
49.7
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
3.4
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
4.8
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
61.2/59.3
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
83
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
113.8/2.5
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
40 408
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
61
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
10.0
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
2.8c
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
91.6/99.6
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
33.1/42.5
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
9.0/14.2c
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
3.2c
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
11.0
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
73.4
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
5.4a
Threatened species
2015
158
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
44.0a
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
957/0.2
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
71
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
19.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
0.8
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
88.7/62.6
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
28.0/5.9
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
43.9
a Estimate. b 2013. c 2012.

118 World Statistics Pocketbook

Libya

Region
Northern Africa
Surface area (sq km)
1 676 198
Population (proj., 000) 6 330
Pop. density (per sq km) 3.6
Capital city
Tripoli
Capital city pop. (000) 1 126
Currency
Libyan Dinar (LYD)
UN membership date
14 December 1955
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
45 451
80 942
41 319
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
10.3
4.3
24.0
GDP per capita (current US$)
7 834.4
12 918.3
6 601.6
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
2.2
2.5
2.0
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
75.7
74.0
59.6
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
22.2
23.5
38.4
Unemployment (% of labour force) a
20.5
19.7
20.6
a
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
28.7/75.9
29.8/77.7
27.9/79.0
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
101
110
111b
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
101
110
111b
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
14 945
16 801
108b
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
<
Urban population (%)
2015
78.6
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.1
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
2.5
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
74.4/68.8
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
52
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
771.2/12.3c
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
471 721
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
24
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
5.0d
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
2.5e
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
16.0
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
161.1a
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
17.8a
Threatened species
2015
54
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
0.1a
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
51 041/8.1
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
2 554
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
113.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
0.3
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
96.8/95.7
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
0.5

a Estimate. b 2013. c Refers to foreign citizens. d Estimates should be viewed with caution as these are
derived from scarce data. e 2012.

World Statistics Pocketbook 119

Liechtenstein

Region
Western Europe
Surface area (sq km)
160
Population (proj., 000) 38
Pop. density (per sq km) 236.1
Capital city
Vaduz
Capital city pop. (000) 5 a
Currency
Swiss Franc (CHF)
UN membership date
18 September 1990
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
3 658
5 082
5 855
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
4.8
7.4
1.2
GDP per capita (current US$)
104 968.3 140 102.0 157 040.0
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) b
0.9
0.8
0.8
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) c
38.6
39.0
38.1
de
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
60.5
60.2
61.1
Unemployment (% of labour force) f
...
2.6
2.6g
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
52.8/73.7
52.6/70.9
53.5/70.6g
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
100
100
100g
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
100
100
100g
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.7
Urban population (%)
2015
14.3
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.5
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.5h
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
44g
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
23.5/62.6
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) i
2014
61j
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
184
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
2.6k
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
102.3/103.1l
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
103.3/127.9l
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
24.1/50.8l
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
2.7
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
20.0
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
104.3l
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
95.2l
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
7 473.0
Threatened species
2015
4
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
43.1l
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
51/1.4
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
1
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
79.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
44.3
Net Official Development Assistance disbursed (% of GNI)
2014
0.7g
a 2014. b Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care. c Excludes publishing activities, includes
irrigation canals. d Excludes repair of personal and household goods. e Includes publishing activities and
landscaping care. f Persons aged 15 to 64 years. g 2013. h 2012. i Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all
types of tourism accommodation establishments. j Excluding long term tourists on campgrounds and in
holiday flats. k 2011. l Estimate.

120 World Statistics Pocketbook

Lithuania

Region
Northern Europe
Surface area (sq km)
65 300
Population (proj., 000) 2 850
Pop. density (per sq km) 45.5
Capital city
Vilnius
Capital city pop. (000) 517
Currency
Euro (EUR)
UN membership date
17 September 1991
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
26 141
37 130
48 392
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
7.7
1.6
3.0
GDP per capita (current US$)
7 819.1
11 889.9
16 590.9
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) a
4.8
3.3
3.4
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) b
32.7
29.1
30.5
cd
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
62.5
67.6
66.0
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
14.2ef
8.7
9.0
ef
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
29.1
24.5
24.8
ef
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
56.1
66.4
65.8
Unemployment (% of labour force) g
8.3
17.8
10.7
g
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
50.5/62.7
52.6/62.1
54.1/65.3
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
104h
134
146
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
106
99
118i
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
106
99
118i
Index of industrial production (2005=100)
100
103
117
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
1 878
119
1 685
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
25 499.0
Russian Federation
13.6 Russian Federation
16.9
Imports
28 172.8
Latvia
9.8 Germany
11.5
Balance
2 673.8
Poland
9.7 Poland
10.3
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.6
Urban population (%)
2015
66.5
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.5
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.6
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
78.8/67.4
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
50
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
136.0/4.7
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
2 063
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
4 692
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
4
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
6.6
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
4.1j
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
4.8j
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
102.6/102.3
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
104.6/108.9
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
82.0/55.8
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
5.5
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
23.4
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
147.0
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
72.1k
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
50.0
Threatened species
2015
22
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
34.7g
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
12 640/4.3
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
69
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
95.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
16.3
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
99.7/90.4
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
97.2/82.8
Net Official Development Assistance disbursed (% of GNI)
2014
0.1
a Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care. b Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation
canals. c Excludes repair of personal and household goods. d Includes publishing activities and landscaping care. e Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. f Break in the time series. g Estimate. h Series
linked to former series. i 2013. j 2012. k Population age 16-74.

World Statistics Pocketbook 121

Luxembourg

Region
Western Europe
Surface area (sq km)
2 586
Population (proj., 000) 576
Pop. density (per sq km) 222.5
Capital city
Luxembourg
Capital city pop. (000) 107 a
Currency
Euro (EUR)
UN membership date
24 October 1945
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
36 976
52 349
64 874
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
3.2
5.7
4.1
GDP per capita (current US$)
80 761.6 103 070.8 116 559.7
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) b
0.4
0.3
0.3
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) c
16.6
12.9
11.9
de
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
83.0
86.8
87.8
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
1.8fg
1.0
1.3
fg
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
17.2
12.7
10.8
fg
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
80.7
81.2
85.7
Unemployment (% of labour force) h
4.5
4.4
5.9
h
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
45.4/64.7
48.8/65.4
52.0/66.0
i
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
112
125
136
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
99
93
94j
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
99
93
94j
Index of industrial production (2005=100) k
100
89
86
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
4 107
3 585
3 616
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
12 625.7
Germany
27.1 Germany
24.0
Imports
19 296.3
France
14.0 Belgium
22.7
Balance
6 670.6
Belgium
12.7 France
11.9
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.2
Urban population (%)
2015
90.2
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.7
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.6
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
83.7/78.9
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
44
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
249.3/44.0
l
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
1 038
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
2 104
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
2
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
6.9
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
2.9
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
96.9/96.3j
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
103.8/101.1j
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
20.7/18.2m
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
0.7
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
28.3
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
148.4h
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
94.7n
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
1 054.0
Threatened species
2015
9
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
33.5h
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
10 161/18.7
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
6
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
307.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
34.6
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
100.0/100.0
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
97.5/98.5
Net Official Development Assistance disbursed (% of GNI) o
2014
1.1

a 2014. b Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care. c Excludes publishing activities, includes
irrigation canals. d Excludes repair of personal and household goods. e Includes publishing activities and
landscaping care. f Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. g Break in the time series. h Estimate. i Series
linked to former series. j 2013. k Excluding water and waste management. l Arrivals of non-resident
tourists in all types of tourism accommodation establishments. m 2012. n Population age 16-74. o Development Assistance Committee member (OECD).

122 World Statistics Pocketbook

Madagascar

Region
Eastern Africa
Surface area (sq km)
587 295
Population (proj., 000) 24 916
Pop. density (per sq km) 42.8
Capital city
Antananarivo
Capital city pop. (000) 2 610
Currency
Malagasy Ariary (MGA)
UN membership date
20 September 1960
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
5 039
8 733
10 674
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
4.6
0.4
3.4
GDP per capita (current US$)
275.5
414.3
452.8
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
28.1
27.6
25.7
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
18.7
19.5
18.6
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
53.3
52.9
55.6
abc
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
82.0
...
75.3de
abc
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
3.4
...
7.9de
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
14.6abc
...
16.9de
Unemployment (% of labour force) f
2.6
3.8
1.8
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) f
84.2/89.2
87.2/91.0
83.9/89.1
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
153
263
344
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
103
124
119g
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
103
124
119g
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
767
896
622g
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)h
(% of exports)h
(% of imports)h
Exports
2 243.2
France
23.5 United Arab Emirates
17.2
Imports
3 354.8
United States
8.3 China
15.3
Balance
1 111.6
Netherlands
6.5 India
6.2
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.8
Urban population (%)
2015
35.1
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
4.7
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
4.5
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
66.0/63.0
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
80
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
32.1/0.1i
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
222j
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
19
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
37
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
3.0k
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
2.1g
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
146.5/147.0
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
38.1/38.8
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
4.1/4.4g
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
20.5
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
38.2
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
3.7f
Threatened species
2015
965
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
21.5f
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
3 077/0.2
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
127
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
7.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
2.0
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
81.6/35.3
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
18.0/8.7
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
5.7
a Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. b Break in the time series. c Persons aged 6 years and over.
d Persons aged 10 years and over. e 2012. f Estimate. g 2013. h 2014. i Refers to foreign citizens. j Arrivals
of non-resident tourists by air. k Data revision.

World Statistics Pocketbook 123

Malawi

Region
Eastern Africa
Surface area (sq km)
118 484
Population (proj., 000) 17 750
Pop. density (per sq km) 188.3
Capital city
Lilongwe
Capital city pop. (000) 905
Currency
Malawi Kwacha (MWK)
UN membership date
1 December 1964
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
3 656
6 960
5 720
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
4.7
4.9
6.5
GDP per capita (current US$)
286.8
471.2
342.6
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) a
37.1
31.9
29.0
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) b
16.8
16.4
15.7
cd
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
46.1
51.7
55.3
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
...
...
64.1e
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
...
...
7.4e
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
...
...
28.5e
Unemployment (% of labour force) f
7.7
6.7
6.6
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) f
78.7/85.8
83.6/80.7
81.2/80.7
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
199
309
636g
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
85
155
187e
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
85
157
193e
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
507
969
1 078
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)h
(% of exports)h
(% of imports)h
Exports
1 341.9
Belgium
12.8 South Africa
19.0
Imports
2 774.4
Mozambique
9.7 Mozambique
11.8
Balance
1 432.5
South Africa
7.8 India
11.8
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
3.1
Urban population (%)
2015
16.3
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
3.8
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
5.3
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
62.0/59.9
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
95
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
215.2/1.3i
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
795ej
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
22 632
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
60
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
11.4
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
6.9
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
148.0/145.1
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
37.5/41.4
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
0.6/1.0k
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
1.8l
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
16.7
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
30.5f
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
5.8f
Threatened species
2015
171
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
33.8f
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
1 272/0.1
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
87
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
6.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
16.8
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
95.7/89.1
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
47.3/39.8
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
22.8

a Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care. b Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation
canals. c Excludes repair of personal and household goods. d Includes publishing activities and landscaping care. e 2013. f Estimate. g Series linked to former series. h 2014. i Including refugees. j Departures.
k 2011. l 2012.

124 World Statistics Pocketbook

Malaysia

Region
South-Eastern Asia
Surface area (sq km)
330 396
Population (proj., 000) 30 752 a
Pop. density (per sq km) 93.6 a
b
Capital city
Kuala Lumpur
Capital city pop. (000) 6 837 c
Currency
Malaysian Ringgit (MYR) UN membership date
17 September 1957
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
143 534
247 534
326 933
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
5.3
7.4
6.0
GDP per capita (current US$)
5 564.2
8 802.9
10 933.5
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
8.4
10.5
9.2
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
46.9
41.6
41.0
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
44.7
48.0
49.9
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) d
14.6e
13.3f
12.2f
d
e
f
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
29.7
27.6
27.4f
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) d
55.6e
59.2f
60.3f
Unemployment (% of labour force) g
3.5
3.4
2.9
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) g
44.2/77.8
43.8/75.9
49.2/77.5
h
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
109
124
137
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
100
111
121i
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
100
115
128i
Index of industrial production (2005=100) e
100
107
116i
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
19 980
25 644f
14 472
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
200 210.9
Singapore
13.9 China
18.9
Imports
176 174.6
China
13.0 Singapore
12.0
Balance
24 036.3
Japan
9.5 United States
8.1
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.5a
Urban population (%)
2015
74.7a
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.7a
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
2.0a
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
76.9/72.2a
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
44a
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
2 514.2/8.3ajk
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
27 437l
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
271 973
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
7a
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
4.2
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
6.1i
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
10.4
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
148.8
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
67.5g
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
45.0
Threatened species
2015
1 252
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
67.5g
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
236 511/8.0
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
3 529
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
116.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
8.0
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
100.0/93.0
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
96.1/95.9
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
0.0
a Including Sabah and Sarawak. b Kuala Lumpur is the capital and Putrajaya is the administrative capital.
c Refers to the Greater Kuala Lumpur. d Persons aged 15 to 64 years. e Data classified according to ISIC
Rev. 3. f Break in the time series. g Estimate. h Series linked to former series. i 2013. j Including refugees.
k Refers to foreign citizens. l Including Singapore residents crossing the frontier by road through Johore
Causeway.

World Statistics Pocketbook 125

Maldives

Region
Southern Asia
Surface area (sq km)
300
Population (proj., 000) 370
Pop. density (per sq km) 1 232.7
Capital city
Male
Capital city pop. (000) 156 a
Currency
Rufiyaa (MVR)
UN membership date
21 September 1965
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
1 120
2 332
3 032
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
8.6
7.1
8.5
GDP per capita (current US$)
3 671.9
7 013.4
8 483.8
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) bc
7.5
4.1
3.5
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) b
14.8
14.9
18.1
b
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
77.7
81.0
78.4
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) d
17.3ef
14.6egh
...
d
ef
egh
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
23.4
15.7
...
d
ef
egh
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
56.7
67.0
...
i
Unemployment (% of labour force)
13.4
11.7
11.6
i
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
50.4/74.5
55.2/76.3
57.0/78.4
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) j
107k
146
196
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
89
72
64l
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
89
72
64l
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
273
196
125
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
144.2
Thailand
25.5 United Arab Emirates
21.4
Imports
1 913.8
Sri Lanka
12.0 Singapore
14.7
Balance
1 769.6
France
10.5 India
11.0
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.8
Urban population (%)
2015
45.5
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
4.5
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
2.2
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
77.4/75.4
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
47
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
94.1/25.9mn
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
1 205o
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
9
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
13.7
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
5.2p
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
0.9l
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
5.9
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
189.4
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
49.3i
Threatened species
2015
69
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
3.3i
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
1 049/3.0
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
0
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
43.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
0.1
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
99.5/97.9
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
97.5/98.3
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
1.0
a 2014. b At producers' prices. c Includes mining and quarrying. d Data classified according to ISIC Rev.
3. e Break in the time series. f 2003. g Nonstandard reference group coverage. h Nonstandard geographical
coverage. i Estimate. j Male. k Series linked to former series. l 2013. m Including refugees. n Refers to
foreign citizens. o Arrivals by air. p 2012.

126 World Statistics Pocketbook

Mali

Region
Western Africa
Surface area (sq km)
1 240 192
Population (proj., 000) 18 135
Pop. density (per sq km) 14.9
Capital city
Bamako
Capital city pop. (000) 2 515
Currency
CFA Franc (XOF)
UN membership date
28 September 1960
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
5 486
9 400
11 979
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
6.1
5.8
7.2
GDP per capita (current US$)
425.9
619.8
701.1
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
37.5
40.5
39.5
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
24.0
20.1
22.3
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
38.5
39.4
38.2
a
b
cd
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
41.5
66.0
...
a
b
cd
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
16.5
5.6
...
a
b
cd
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
41.9
28.3
...
e
Unemployment (% of labour force)
9.6
7.3
8.2
e
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
38.3/70.1
50.3/81.4
49.8/82.2
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) f
112
131g
142
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
103
142
141h
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
103
154
150h
Index of industrial production (2005=100) ai
100
74
91
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
438c
1 190
375h
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)j
(% of exports)j
(% of imports)j
Exports
2 610.4
South Africa
51.8 Senegal
25.1
Imports
3 462.7
Switzerland
11.6 France
10.8
Balance
852.3
China
7.8 China
10.6
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
3.0
Urban population (%)
2015
39.9
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
5.1
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
6.4
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
57.0/57.4
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
100
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
363.1/2.1k
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
168
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
148 309
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
84
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
6.9
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
4.4
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
73.0/81.2
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
37.4/49.4
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
4.1/9.6j
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
10.2j
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
8.8
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
149.0
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
7.0e
Threatened species
2015
39
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
4.0e
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
1 027/0.1
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
53
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
4.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
8.4
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
96.5/64.1
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
37.6/16.1
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
10.7
a Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. b 2004. c Break in the time series. d 2006. e Estimate. f Bamako.
g Series linked to former series. h 2013. i Country data supplemented with data from the Observatoire
Economique et Statistique dAfrique Subsaharienne (Afristat). j 2012. k Including refugees.

World Statistics Pocketbook 127

Malta

Region
Southern Europe
Surface area (sq km)
316
Population (proj., 000) 420
Pop. density (per sq km) 1 311.3
Capital city
Valletta
Capital city pop. (000) 197 a
Currency
Euro (EUR)
UN membership date
1 December 1964
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
6 393
8 741
10 536
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
3.8
3.5
3.5
GDP per capita (current US$)
16 099.8
21 211.6
25 222.4
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) b
2.2
1.7
1.3
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) c
23.3
19.1
15.3
de
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
74.5
79.3
83.4
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
2.0f
1.3
1.2
f
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
30.0
25.7
21.6
f
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
67.8
72.6
77.1
Unemployment (% of labour force) g
6.9
6.8
5.9
g
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
29.1/68.8
32.6/66.0
38.5/66.1
h
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
113
127
136
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
97
99
92i
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
97
99
92i
Index of industrial production (2005=100)
100
103
97
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
418
420
422
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
2 580.8
Germany
13.3 Italy
23.0
Imports
5 793.7
France
10.1 Netherlands
8.3
j
Balance
3 212.9
Bunkers
7.4 United Kingdom
7.5
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.3
Urban population (%)
2015
95.4
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.5
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.4
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
82.0/78.6
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
51
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
41.4/9.9
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
1 690k
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
6 520
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
5
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
9.8
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
3.5
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
6.8l
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
95.0/100.0
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
80.6/91.0
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
48.0/42.0
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
1.4
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
12.9
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
127.0
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
73.2m
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
150.0
Threatened species
2015
31
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
1.1g
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
2 219/5.3
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
0
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
75.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
0.5
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
100.0/100.0
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
100.0/100.0
Net Official Development Assistance disbursed (% of GNI)
2014
0.2

a 2014. b Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care. c Excludes publishing activities, includes
irrigation canals. d Excludes repair of personal and household goods. e Includes publishing activities and
landscaping care. f Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. g Estimate. h Series linked to former series.
i 2013. j See technical notes. k Departures by air and by sea. l 2012. m Population age 16-74.

128 World Statistics Pocketbook

Marshall Islands

Region
Oceania-Micronesia
Surface area (sq km)
181
Population (proj., 000) 53
Pop. density (per sq km) 294.8
Capital city
Majuro
Capital city pop. (000) 31 a
Currency
US Dollar (USD)
UN membership date
17 September 1991
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
139
178
209
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
2.0
6.1
0.5
GDP per capita (current US$)
2 676.7
3 397.3
3 947.5
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
9.1b
15.4
19.9
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
9.2b
11.6
11.3
b
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
81.6
73.0
68.7
c
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
...
11.0
...
c
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
...
9.4
...
c
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
...
79.6
...
Unemployment (% of labour force)
...
...
4.7d
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
...
...
29.0/53.3d
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) e
107
...
...
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
97
175
103f
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
97
175
103f
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
3g
14
5
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.2
Urban population (%)
2015
72.7
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.6
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
4.1d
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
72.6/67.3dh
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
77i
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
3.3/6.2
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
5jk
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
26d
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
17.1
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
105.1/105.7d
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
41.2/44.6j
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
4.7j
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
9.1
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
29.4
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
16.8l
Threatened species
2015
95
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
70.2l
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
103/2.0
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
28.0l
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
0.2
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
93.5/97.7
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
84.5/56.2
a 2014. b At factor cost. c Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. d 2011. e Majuro. f 2013. g Break in
the time series. h 2001. i 2010. j 2012. k Arrivals by air. l Estimate.

World Statistics Pocketbook 129

Martinique

Region
Caribbean
Surface area (sq km)
1 128
Population (proj., 000) 396
Pop. density (per sq km) 373.9
Capital city
Fort-de-France
Capital city pop. (000) 86 a
Currency
Euro (EUR)
Economic indicators
2005
2010
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) bc
...
4.1
Employment: Industry (% of employed) bc
...
11.9
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) bc
...
65.3
Unemployment (% of labour force) e
18.7
21.0
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) e
46.0/53.0
49.5/55.8
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
111
121
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
99
81
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
99
81
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
Urban population (%)
2015
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
Environment and infrastructure
Threatened species
2015
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015

2014
3.9d
11.8d
69.0d
23.0
52.0/52.3
129
101f
101f
0.1
88.9
0.2
2.0
84.4/77.8
57
61.7/15.6
490
6
45
45.8e
2 420/6.1
1e
84.0e
11.6
100.0/99.8

a 2014. b Persons aged 15 to 64 years. c Excluding the institutional population. d 2012. e Estimate. f 2013.

130 World Statistics Pocketbook

Mauritania

Region
Western Africa
Surface area (sq km)
1 030 700
Population (proj., 000) 4 167
Pop. density (per sq km) 4.0
Capital city
Nouakchott
Capital city pop. (000) 968
Currency
Ouguiya (MRO)
UN membership date
27 October 1961
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
2 184
4 338
5 092
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
9.0
4.8
6.4
GDP per capita (current US$)
692.6
1 207.8
1 282.8
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
29.8
21.3
20.6
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
32.4
40.9
44.5
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
37.9
37.8
35.0
a
Unemployment (% of labour force)
32.1
30.9
30.9
a
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
27.8/65.9
28.8/65.5
29.0/65.2
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
139
185
214b
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
100
113
120b
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
100
113
120b
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
...
...
1 535
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)c
(% of exports)c
(% of imports)c
Exports
2 139.8
China
32.7 United States
23.7
Imports
3 641.8
Switzerland
17.1 United Arab Emirates
18.5
Balance
1 502.0
Spain
6.6 France
10.0
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.5
Urban population (%)
2015
59.9
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
3.5
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
4.7
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
64.3/61.3
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
76
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
138.2/3.4de
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
77 258
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
67
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
3.8
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
3.3b
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
100.7/95.4
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
28.6/31.3
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
3.3/7.5b
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
11.4f
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
25.2
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
94.2
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
10.7a
Threatened species
2015
69
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
0.2a
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
2 648/0.7
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
31
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
13.0a
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
1.4
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
58.4/57.1
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
57.6/13.9
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
5.4
a Estimate. b 2013. c 2014. d Including refugees. e Refers to foreign citizens. f 2012.

World Statistics Pocketbook 131

Mauritius

Region
Eastern Africa
Surface area (sq km)
1 969 a
Population (proj., 000) 1 278 b
Pop. density (per sq km) 629.3 b
Capital city
Port Louis
Capital city pop. (000) 136 c
Currency
Mauritius Rupee (MUR)
UN membership date
24 April 1968
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
6 489
9 718
12 616
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
1.8
4.1
3.6
GDP per capita (current US$)
5 309.9
7 787.4
9 945.4
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
5.7
3.6d
3.0d
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
26.6
26.6e
23.5e
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
67.8
69.9fg
73.5fg
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
10.0h
...
8.0ij
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
32.4h
27.5
29.8ijk
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
57.5h
49.5
63.5ijk
Unemployment (% of labour force) l
9.6
7.7
7.7
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) l
41.1/76.8
43.2/74.4
46.7/75.1
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
128
176
208
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
98
99
94m
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
98
99
94m
Index of industrial production (2005=100) h
100
112
...
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
324
1 006
714
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
2 481.1
United Kingdom
13.1 China
18.2
Imports
4 458.3
United Arab Emirates 12.4 India
18.1
Balance
1 977.2
France
11.9 France
7.2
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.4b
Urban population (%)
2015
39.7b
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.1b
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.5b
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
77.7/70.7b
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
41b
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
28.6/2.3bn
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
1 039
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
12b
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
4.8
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
5.0
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
103.7/101.7
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
99.0/96.9
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
42.7/34.7
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
2.7o
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
11.6
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
132.3
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
41.4l
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
2.0m
Threatened species
2015
249
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
19.0l
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
3 726/2.9
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
9
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
46.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
<
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
99.9/99.8
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
93.9/92.6
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
0.4

a Excludes the islands of St. Brandon and Agalega. b Including Agalega, Rodrigues and Saint Brandon.
c 2014. d Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care. e Excludes publishing activities, includes
irrigation canals. f Excludes repair of personal and household goods. g Includes publishing activities and
landscaping care. h Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. i Persons aged 16 years and over. j Nationals,
residents. k Break in the time series. l Estimate. m 2013. n Refers to foreign citizens. o 2011.

132 World Statistics Pocketbook

Mexico

Region
Central America
Surface area (sq km)
1 964 375
Population (proj., 000) 128 632
Pop. density (per sq km) 66.2
Capital city
Mexico City
Capital city pop. (000) 20 999 a
Currency
Mexican Peso (MXN)
UN membership date
7 November 1945
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
864 810
1 049 925
1 294 695
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
3.1
5.2
2.2
GDP per capita (current US$)
7 880.0
8 851.3
10 325.7
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) b
3.2
3.3
3.3
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) c
38.8
38.3
37.7
de
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
58.1
58.3
59.0
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) f
14.9g
13.1hi
13.4hj
f
g
hi
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
25.5
25.5
23.6hj
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) f
59.0g
60.6hi
62.4hj
Unemployment (% of labour force) k
3.5
5.2
4.9
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) k
41.0/80.9
43.8/80.7
45.3/79.5
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
127
158
184
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
98
108
115j
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
98
108
115j
Index of industrial production (2005=100)
100
101
110
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
9 046
4 867
24 036
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
380 749.9
United States
81.2 United States
47.4
Imports
395 232.2
Canada
2.8 China
17.7
Balance
14 482.3
China
1.3 Japan
4.4
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.4
Urban population (%)
2015
79.2
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.6
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
2.3
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
78.9/74.0
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
52
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
1 193.2/0.9l
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
29 346m
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
2 226
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
19
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
6.3
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
2.1n
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
5.2n
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
103.2/103.6
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
93.5/87.7
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
30.0/29.9
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
15.7
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
42.4
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
82.5ko
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
44.4p
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
10.0
Threatened species
2015
1 109
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
34.1k
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
488 602/4.0
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
8 849
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
64.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
6.0
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
97.2/92.1
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
88.0/74.5
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
0.1

a Refers to the total population in seventy-six municipalities of the Metropolitan Area of Mexico City.
b Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care. c Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation
canals. d Excludes repair of personal and household goods. e Includes publishing activities and landscaping care. f Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2. g Persons aged 12 years and over. h Break in the
time series. i Persons aged 14 years and over. j 2013. k Estimate. l Including refugees. m Including nationals
residing abroad. n 2011. o Data as at the end of September. p Population age 6+.
World Statistics Pocketbook 133

Micronesia (Federated States of)

Region
Oceania-Micronesia
Surface area (sq km)
702
Population (proj., 000) 105
Pop. density (per sq km) 150.0
Capital city
Palikir
Capital city pop. (000) 7 a
Currency
US Dollar (USD)
UN membership date
17 September 1991
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
250
294
308
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
2.2
3.2
1.6
GDP per capita (current US$)
2 351.7
2 833.6
2 960.3
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
24.1
26.3
27.5
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
5.7
7.8
6.1
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
70.2
65.9
66.5
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
101
98
102b
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
101
98
102b
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
...
25
22
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)b
(% of exports)b
(% of imports)b
Exports
27.6
... United States
37.0
Imports
187.7
... Guam
22.1
Balance
160.1
... Areas nes
6.9c
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.2
Urban population (%)
2015
22.4
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.3
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
3.3
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
69.9/68.0
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
62
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
2.8/2.6
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
35d
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
34
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
33
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
13.7
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
97.2/98.1
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
4.8e
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
0.0
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
30.3bf
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
29.7g
Threatened species
2015
163
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
91.7g
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
147/1.4
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
0
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
21.0g
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
94.8/87.4
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
85.1/49.0
a 2014. b 2013. c See technical notes. d Arrivals in the States of Kosrae, Chuuk, Pohnpei and Yap; excluding
FSM citizens. e 2012. f Data as of 12 March. g Estimate.

134 World Statistics Pocketbook

Monaco

Region
Western Europe
Surface area (sq km)
2
Population (proj., 000) 38
Pop. density (per sq km) 25 411.4
Capital city
Monaco
Capital city pop. (000) 38 a
Currency
Euro (EUR)
UN membership date
28 May 1993
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
4 203
5 362
7 060
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
1.6
2.2
7.2
GDP per capita (current US$)
124 316.1 145 538.1 187 649.8
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) bc
12.2
12.9
12.8
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) bde
87.9
87.1
87.2
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.5
Urban population (%)
2015
100.0
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.8
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
59f
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
21.0/55.8
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) g
2014
329
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
33
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
4.3
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
7.2h
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
1.0
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
20.8
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
88.5
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
92.4i
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
735.0
Threatened species
2015
16
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
99.7
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
100.0/...
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
100.0/...
a 2014. b At producers' prices. c Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals. d Excludes
repair of personal and household goods. e Includes publishing activities and landscaping care. f 2008.
g Arrivals of non-resident tourists in hotels and similar establishments. h 2012. i Estimate.

World Statistics Pocketbook 135

Mongolia

Region
Eastern Asia
Surface area (sq km)
1 564 116
Population (proj., 000) 3 006
Pop. density (per sq km) 1.9
Capital city
Ulaanbaatar
Capital city pop. (000) 1 377
Currency
Tugrik (MNT)
UN membership date
27 October 1961
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
2 926
7 189
12 067
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
7.3
6.4
7.8
GDP per capita (current US$)
1 158.1
2 650.4
4 146.9
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) a
17.8
13.1
15.6
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) b
37.4
37.0
36.2
cd
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
44.8
50.0
48.2
ef
g
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
39.9
33.5
35.0h
ef
g
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
16.8
16.2
18.2h
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
43.3ef
50.2g
46.8h
Unemployment (% of labour force) i
6.7
6.5
7.3
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) i
55.4/65.2
55.1/67.6
56.2/68.4
j
gk
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
138
166
...
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
97
115
145l
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
97
115
147l
Index of industrial production (2005=100) e
100
155
183
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
5
887
1 405
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
4 669.3
China
83.5 China
35.8
Imports
3 796.6
United Kingdom
7.2 Russian Federation
26.9
Balance
872.7
Switzerland
2.3 Japan
7.2
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.7
Urban population (%)
2015
72.0
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.8
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
2.7
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
73.3/64.8
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
48
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
17.6/0.6m
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
393n
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
32
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
26
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
4.7
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
2.8o
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
4.6o
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
100.6/102.7
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
91.9/89.6
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
75.9/52.9
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
7.5
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
14.5
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
105.1
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
27.0i
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
48.0
Threatened species
2015
36
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
8.2i
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
41 591/14.6
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
808
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
166.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
17.2
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
66.5/59.2
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
66.4/42.6
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
2.8

a Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care. b Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation
canals. c Excludes repair of personal and household goods. d Includes publishing activities and landscaping care. e Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. f Persons aged 16 years and over. g Break in the
time series. h 2012. i Estimate. j Ulan Bator. k Index base: 2006=100. l 2013. m Refers to foreign citizens.
n Excluding diplomats and foreign residents in Mongolia. o 2011.

136 World Statistics Pocketbook

Montenegro

Region
Southern Europe
Surface area (sq km)
13 812
Population (proj., 000) 626
Pop. density (per sq km) 46.6
Capital city
Podgorica
Capital city pop. (000) 165 a
Currency
Euro (EUR)
UN membership date
28 June 2006
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
2 257
4 139
4 588
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
4.2
2.5
1.8
GDP per capita (current US$)
3 661.8
6 654.8
7 337.0
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
10.4
9.2b
10.0b
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
20.7
20.5c
17.7c
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
68.9
70.3de
72.3de
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
8.6fgh
6.2f
5.7g
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
19.2fgh
20.0f
17.5g
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
72.1fgh
73.8f
73.0g
Unemployment (% of labour force) i
19.3
19.7
18.0
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) i
42.6/59.0
42.9/58.9
42.0/56.2
j
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
100
122
...
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
...
91
98k
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
...
91
98k
Index of industrial production (2005=100) l
100
79
65
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
...
952
699
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
353.1
Serbia
22.1 Serbia
28.1
Imports
2 050.2
Italy
12.6 China
10.3
m
Balance
1 697.1
Areas nes
9.5 Bosnia-Herzegovina
6.5
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.1
Urban population (%)
2015
64.0
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.3
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.7
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
78.2/73.8
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
48
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
82.5/13.2
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) n
2014
1 350
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
19 812
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
4
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
6.4
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
2.1
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
95.4/95.2o
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
91.8/91.0o
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
3.2
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
17.3
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
163.0
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
61.0i
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
21.0
Threatened species
2015
85
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
61.5i
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
2 248/3.6
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
32
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
67.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
2.7
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
100.0/99.2
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
98.0/92.2
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
2.2

a 2014. b Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care. c Excludes publishing activities, includes
irrigation canals. d Excludes repair of personal and household goods. e Includes publishing activities and
landscaping care. f Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. g Break in the time series. h Persons aged
15 to 64 years. i Estimate. j Index base: 2005=100. k 2013. l Excluding water and waste management.
m See technical notes. n Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of tourism accommodation establishments. o 2012.

World Statistics Pocketbook 137

Montserrat

Region
Caribbean
Surface area (sq km)
103
Population (proj., 000) 5
Pop. density (per sq km) 51.5
Capital city
Brades Estate
Capital city pop. (000) 0.5 a
Currency
East Caribbean Dollar (XCD)
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
49
56
63
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
3.1
2.8
3.7
GDP per capita (current US$)
10 231.1
11 207.6
12 384.2
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
0.9
1.1
1.5
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
16.7
13.3
13.9
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
82.5
85.7
84.6
Unemployment (% of labour force)
9.5bc
...
5.6d
c
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
80.6/89.2
...
...
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
98
99
101e
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
98
99
101e
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
16
19
27e
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)a
(% of exports)a
(% of imports)a
Exports
3.4
United States
29.4 United States
72.8
Imports
41.9
France
23.5 Trinidad and Tobago
6.0
Balance
38.5
Saint Kitts and Nevis
23.5 United Kingdom
4.1
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.7
Urban population (%)
2015
9.0
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.7
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
51d
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
1.4/26.4
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
9
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
87.6f
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
54.6f
Threatened species
2015
54
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
25.0f
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
51/10.3
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
153.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
2.5
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
99.0/99.0
a 2014. b Break in the time series. c 2001. d 2011. e 2013. f Estimate.

138 World Statistics Pocketbook

Morocco

Region
Northern Africa
Surface area (sq km)
446 550
Population (proj., 000) 34 817
Pop. density (per sq km) 78.0
Capital city
Rabat
Capital city pop. (000) 1 967 a
Currency
Moroccan Dirham (MAD) UN membership date
12 November 1956
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) b
62 545
93 217
110 009
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) b
3.0
3.8
2.4
GDP per capita (current US$) b
2 058.4
2 903.3
3 243.1
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) b
13.1
14.4
13.0
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) b
29.0
28.6
29.3
b
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
58.0
56.9
57.7
c
d
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
45.4
40.2
39.2de
c
d
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
19.5
22.1
21.4de
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) c
35.0
37.6d
39.4de
Unemployment (% of labour force) f
11.0
9.1
9.9
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) f
27.7/77.2
25.7/75.2
25.2/74.2
dg
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
107
108
113g
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
93
126
134h
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
93
127
135h
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
949
4 209
8 692h
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)i
(% of exports)i
(% of imports)i
Exports
23 815.8
Spain
21.9 France
13.5
Imports
46 191.7
France
20.8 Spain
13.3
Balance
22 375.9
Brazil
4.6 China
7.6
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.4
Urban population (%)
2015
60.2
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.3
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
2.6
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
74.6/72.6
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
50
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
88.5/0.3j
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
10 283k
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
4 360
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
26
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
5.9
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
113.4/118.7
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
63.5/74.4e
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
24.1/25.0
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
1.0
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
17.0
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
131.7l
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
56.8mn
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
11.0
Threatened species
2015
176
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
12.7f
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
58 558/1.7
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
82
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
23.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
20.1
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
98.7/65.3
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
84.1/65.5
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
2.2
a Including Sal and Temara. b Including Western Sahara. c Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. d
Break in the time series. e 2012. f Estimate. g Index base: 2006=100. h 2013. i 2014. j Refers to foreign
citizens. k Including nationals residing abroad. l Data as at the end of December. m Users in the last 3
months. n Population age 5 to 75.

World Statistics Pocketbook 139

Mozambique

Region
Eastern Africa
Surface area (sq km)
799 380
Population (proj., 000) 28 751
Pop. density (per sq km) 36.6
Capital city
Maputo
Capital city pop. (000) 1 187
Currency
Mozambique Metical (MZN) UN membership date
16 September 1975
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
7 724
10 154
17 081
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
8.7
6.7
7.2
GDP per capita (current US$)
365.6
417.5
627.6
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) a
25.4
28.9
24.6
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) b
20.7
18.6
20.6
cd
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
53.9
52.5
54.7
e
f
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
80.5
...
...
e
f
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
3.4
...
...
e
f
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
16.1
...
...
Unemployment (% of labour force) g
21.6
22.2
22.4
g
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
87.0/82.8
84.3/78.7
82.6/75.3
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
173
287
350
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
96
148
157h
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
95
153
161h
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
761
1 679
5 797
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
3 196.1
Netherlands
29.8 South Africa
30.1
Imports
7 907.6
South Africa
18.3 China
12.5
Balance
4 711.5
India
10.6 Netherlands
7.3
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.8
Urban population (%)
2015
32.2
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
3.3
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
5.5
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
56.2/52.9
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
95
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
222.9/0.8i
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
1 661j
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
18 816
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
64
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
7.0k
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
<l
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
6.5h
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
99.6/108.6
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
23.5/25.5
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
5.0/7.0
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
39.6
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
69.7
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
5.9g
Threatened species
2015
268
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
48.8g
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
4 019/0.2
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
734
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
18.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
10.9
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
80.6/37.0
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
42.4/10.1
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
12.9
a Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care. b Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation
canals. c Excludes repair of personal and household goods. d Includes publishing activities and landscaping care. e Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2. f 2003. g Estimate. h 2013. i Including refugees.
j The data of all the border posts of the country are used. k Data revision. l 2012.

140 World Statistics Pocketbook

Myanmar

Region
South-Eastern Asia
Surface area (sq km)
676 577
Population (proj., 000) 54 363
Pop. density (per sq km) 83.2
Capital city
Nay Pyi Taw
Capital city pop. (000) 1 030
Currency
Kyat (MMK)
UN membership date
19 April 1948
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
11 931
41 445
66 478
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
13.6
10.2
8.7
GDP per capita (current US$)
238.7
801.1
1 244.0
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) a
46.7
36.9
27.9
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) a
17.5
26.5
34.5
ab
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
35.8
36.7
37.7
c
Unemployment (% of labour force)
5.4
4.2
4.6
c
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
75.4/80.8
75.8/81.5
75.3/81.2
de
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
297
156
166ef
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
99
135
132g
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
99
135
131g
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
582
1 574
1 641
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.8
Urban population (%)
2015
34.1
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.5
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
2.3
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
67.7/63.6
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
49
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
73.3/0.1h
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
3 081
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
1 466 501i
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
46
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
2.3
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
0.6f
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
98.3/101.0
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
52.0/50.7
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
14.9/12.1f
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
2.5f
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
9.9
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
49.5
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
2.1c
Threatened species
2015
301
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
46.1c
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
12 603/0.2
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
972
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
13.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
4.1
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
92.7/74.4
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
84.3/77.1
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
2.2

a At producers' prices. b Includes gas and water. c Estimate. d Break in the time series. e Index base:
2006=100. f 2012. g 2013. h Refers to foreign citizens. i Stateless persons population refers to persons
without citizeship in Rakhine State only.

World Statistics Pocketbook 141

Namibia

Region
Southern Africa
Surface area (sq km)
824 268
Population (proj., 000) 2 514
Pop. density (per sq km) 3.1
Capital city
Windhoek
Capital city pop. (000) 368
Currency
Namibia Dollar (NAD)
UN membership date
23 April 1990
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
7 261
11 273
13 429
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
1.8
6.0
4.5
GDP per capita (current US$)
3 582.3
5 139.1
5 588.9
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
11.2
9.2
6.0
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
28.8
29.8
34.4
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
60.0
61.0
59.6
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
29.9abc
31.2ad
31.4ef
abc
ad
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
14.8
12.5
14.4ef
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
55.1abc
54.7ad
54.2ef
Unemployment (% of labour force) g
23.9
22.1
26.9
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) g
55.5/67.7
56.6/66.3
55.4/62.9
h
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
114
160
200
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
103
90
90f
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
104
91
90f
Index of industrial production (2005=100) a
100
116
127f
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
267
717
1 505
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)i
(% of exports)i
(% of imports)i
Exports
5 983.8
Botswana
16.6 South Africa
56.0
Imports
8 531.0
South Africa
13.0 Republic of Korea
6.6
Balance
2 547.2
Switzerland
12.1 China
3.9
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.3
Urban population (%)
2015
46.7
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
4.2
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
3.6
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
67.0/61.6
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
67
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
93.9/3.8
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
1 176f
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
4 443
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
34
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
8.9
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
109.5/113.3f
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
16.9j
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
41.3
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
113.8
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
14.8g
Threatened species
2015
105
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
8.6g
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
2 948/1.3
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
15g
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
27.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
23.2
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
98.2/84.7
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
54.5/16.8
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
1.7

a Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. b Persons aged 15 to 69 years. c 2004. d Break in the time
series. e Excluding the institutional population. f 2013. g Estimate. h Index base: 2002=100. i 2014. j 2012.

142 World Statistics Pocketbook

Nauru

Region
Oceania-Micronesia
Surface area (sq km)
21
Population (proj., 000) 10
Pop. density (per sq km) 513.2
Capital city
Yaren
Capital city pop. (000) 10 ab
Currency
Australian Dollar (AUD)
UN membership date
14 September 1999
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
26
62
182
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
12.1
20.1
12.6
GDP per capita (current US$)
2 599.4
6 233.9
17 856.8
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) c
7.8
4.2
3.2
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) c
6.5d
47.4
58.2
c
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
98.7
48.4
38.6
Unemployment (% of labour force)
22.7ef
...
23.0gh
ef
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
69.6/86.8
...
49.3/78.9h
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
101
104
106i
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
101
104
106i
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.4
Urban population (%)
2015
100.0
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.2
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
4.3j
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
63.2/57.5k
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
73il
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
3.2/31.1m
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
1 322
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
33k
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
3.3
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
100.4/109.5n
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
83.4/81.9n
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
1.3o
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
5.3
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
67.8o
Threatened species
2015
80
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
0.0n
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
44/4.3
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
60.0n
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
96.5/...
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
65.6/...
a 2014. b Refers to Nauru. c At producers' prices. d Negative value is due to negative value added in
electricity and utilities and a sharp decline in mining. e Persons aged 16 years and over. f 2002. g Break
in the time series. h 2011. i 2013. j 2009 - 2011. k 2007 - 2011. l Data calculated on ages 0-15 years and
60 years and older as a ratio of 16-59 years old. m Refers to foreign citizens. n Estimate. o 2012.

World Statistics Pocketbook 143

Nepal

Region
Southern Asia
Surface area (sq km)
147 181
Population (proj., 000) 28 851
Pop. density (per sq km) 201.3
Capital city
Kathmandu
Capital city pop. (000) 1 183 a
Currency
Nepalese Rupee (NPR)
UN membership date
14 December 1955
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
8 259
16 281
19 489
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
3.1
4.8
5.4
GDP per capita (current US$)
323.8
605.8
691.7
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
35.2
35.4
32.5
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
17.1
15.1
15.1
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
47.7
49.5
52.4
bcde
bcfg
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
65.7
73.9
66.5h
bcde
bcfg
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
13.4
10.8
11.2h
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
20.7bcde
15.3bcfg
22.4h
Unemployment (% of labour force) i
2.8
2.6
3.1
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) i
80.4/89.0
79.8/87.5
79.7/86.8
j
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
123
193
271
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
100
114
132h
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
100
114
132h
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
153
128
488
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
660.2
India
63.5 India
60.6
Imports
6 612.1
United States
10.7 China
13.9
Balance
5 951.9
Germany
4.1 United Arab Emirates
4.0
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.2
Urban population (%)
2015
18.6
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
3.2
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
2.3
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
70.5/67.6
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
62
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
518.3/1.8k
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
790l
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
36 753m
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
32
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
5.8
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
4.7
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
140.6/130.1
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
68.9/64.9i
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
15.3/18.7h
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
2.9n
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
29.5
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
82.5
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
15.4i
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
1.0h
Threatened species
2015
105
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
25.4i
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
6 502/0.2
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
386
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
16.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
22.9
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
90.9/91.8
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
56.0/43.5
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
4.4

a Refers to the municipality. b Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. c Break in the time series. d
Persons aged 10 years and over. e 2001. f Excluding the institutional population. g 2008. h 2013. i Estimate.
j Series linked to former series. k Including refugees. l Including arrivals from India. m Various studies
estimate that a large number of individuals lack citizenship certificates in Nepal. While these individuals
are not all necessarily stateless, UNHCR has been working closely with the Government of Nepal and
partners to address this situation. n 2011.

144 World Statistics Pocketbook

Netherlands

Region
Western Europe
Surface area (sq km)
37 354
Population (proj., 000) 16 980
Pop. density (per sq km) 503.6
a
Capital city
Amsterdam
Capital city pop. (000) 1 091
Currency
Euro (EUR)
UN membership date
10 December 1945
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
678 517
836 390
879 319
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
2.2
1.4
1.0
GDP per capita (current US$)
41 546.1
50 289.3
52 129.4
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) b
2.0
1.9
1.8
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) c
24.0
22.1
21.2
de
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
74.0
76.0
77.0
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
3.0f
2.6
2.0
f
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
19.7
16.1
15.1
f
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
72.6
71.9
75.3
Unemployment (% of labour force) g
4.7
4.5
6.8
g
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
56.7/72.5
58.1/71.2
57.7/70.6
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
113
122
133
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
100
111
113h
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
100
112
113h
Index of industrial production (2005=100)
100
107
103
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
41 599
61 820
93 401
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
471 957.7
Germany
23.2 Germany
17.2
Imports
419 077.2
Belgium
10.4 Belgium
9.8
Balance
52 880.5
United Kingdom
8.9 China
9.1
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.4
Urban population (%)
2015
90.5
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.1
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.8
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
83.1/79.4
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
53
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
1 979.5/11.7
i
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
13 925
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
92 542j
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
3
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
10.9
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
5.6h
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
104.1/104.8
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
129.8/134.4gh
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
82.5/74.7k
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
0.7h
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
37.3
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
116.4lm
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
93.2n
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
543.0
Threatened species
2015
29
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
11.1g
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013 169 973/10.1
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
2 908
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
190.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
18.1
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
100.0/100.0
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
97.5/99.9
Net Official Development Assistance disbursed (% of GNI) o
2014
0.6

a Amsterdam is the capital and The Hague is the seat of government. b Excludes irrigation canals and
landscaping care. c Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals. d Excludes repair of personal
and household goods. e Includes publishing activities and landscaping care. f Data classified according
to ISIC Rev. 3. g Estimate. h 2013. i Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of tourism accommodation
establishments. j Refugee population relates to the end of 2014. k 2012. l Excludes data-only subscriptions.
m Data refers to the third quarter. n Population age 16-74. o Development Assistance Committee member
(OECD).
World Statistics Pocketbook 145

New Caledonia

Region
Oceania-Melanesia
Surface area (sq km)
18 575
Population (proj., 000) 266
Pop. density (per sq km) 14.6
Capital city
Nouma
Capital city pop. (000) 181 a
Currency
CFP Franc (XPF)
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
6 236
9 355
10 234
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
3.6
6.9
3.1
GDP per capita (current US$)
27 269.8
37 976.1
39 391.5
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
1.7
1.4
1.4
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
26.6
25.6
24.9
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
71.7
73.1
73.7
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) bc
3.1
2.7d
...
bc
d
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
21.3
22.4
...
bc
d
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
42.7
43.0
...
e
Unemployment (% of labour force)
16.9
15.1
15.6
e
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
47.8/69.9
45.9/67.3
45.6/66.9
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) f
108
119
126
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
100
98
103g
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
100
98
103g
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
112
1 360
1 469
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)a
(% of exports)a
(% of imports)a
Exports
1 619.0
China
19.1 France
22.3
Imports
3 315.2
Japan
15.3 Singapore
17.5
Balance
1 696.2
Australia
11.7 Australia
8.9
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.3
Urban population (%)
2015
70.2
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.2
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
2.1
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
79.3/73.6
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
48
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
64.3/24.4
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
107h
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
13
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
93.6e
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
70.0e
Threatened species
2015
493
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
45.9e
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
3 861/15.0
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
2
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
200.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
91.0
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
98.5/98.5
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
100.0/100.0

a 2014. b Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. c Persons aged 14 years and over. d 2008. e Estimate.
f Nouma. g 2013. h Including nationals residing abroad.

146 World Statistics Pocketbook

New Zealand

Region
Oceania
Surface area (sq km)
268 107
Population (proj., 000) 4 565
Pop. density (per sq km) 17.3
Capital city
Wellington
Capital city pop. (000) 383
Currency
New Zealand Dollar (NZD) UN membership date
24 October 1945
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
114 722
146 583
198 652
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
3.4
1.4
3.2
GDP per capita (current US$)
27 746.2
33 550.5
44 189.2
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
4.9
7.2
6.6
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
25.8
23.0
23.0
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
69.3
69.9
70.5
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
7.1a
6.8b
6.4c
a
b
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
22.2
20.9
20.2c
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
70.6a
71.9b
73.0c
Unemployment (% of labour force) d
3.8
6.5
5.8
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) d
60.3/74.8
61.5/74.2
62.6/73.4
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
113
130
140
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
99
104
108c
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
99
105
110c
Index of industrial production (2005=100) e
100
96
97
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
8 025
3 430
6 137
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
34 166.8
China
17.6 China
19.6
Imports
36 333.7
Australia
17.0 Australia
11.9
Balance
2 166.9
United States
11.8 United States
11.8
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.7
Urban population (%)
2015
86.3
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.1
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
2.1
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
83.4/79.7
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
54
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
1 039.7/23.0
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
2 772
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
1 600f
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
4
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
11.0
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
6.4
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
98.5/98.8
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
121.0/114.2
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
94.0/68.2
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
0.9
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
31.4
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
112.1dg
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
85.5d
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
363.0
Threatened species
2015
197
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
38.6d
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
33 960/7.6
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
739
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
196.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
29.8
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
100.0/100.0
h
Net Official Development Assistance disbursed (% of GNI)
2014
0.3

a Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. b Break in the time series. c 2013. d Estimate. e Twelve months
ending 31 March of the year stated. f Refugee population relates to the end of 2014. g Data refers to
subscriptions active in the last 3 months (or 90 days). h Development Assistance Committee member
(OECD).

World Statistics Pocketbook 147

Nicaragua

Region
Central America
Surface area (sq km)
130 373
Population (proj., 000) 6 150
Pop. density (per sq km) 51.1
Capital city
Managua
Capital city pop. (000) 956
Currency
Cordoba Oro (NIO)
UN membership date
24 October 1945
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
6 321
8 741
11 806
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
4.3
3.2
4.7
GDP per capita (current US$)
1 175.1
1 523.5
1 963.1
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
17.7
18.8
20.5
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
23.0
24.3
25.7
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
59.3
57.0
53.8
ab
cde
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
28.9
32.2
...
ab
cde
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
19.7
16.5
...
ab
cde
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
51.4
51.3
...
f
Unemployment (% of labour force)
5.6
8.0
5.6
f
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
43.7/80.4
46.8/80.6
48.9/80.2
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) g
147
234h
308
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
104
118
138i
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
102
119
140i
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
784d
780
838
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)j
(% of exports)j
(% of imports)j
Exports
4 973.5
United States
48.4 United States
16.3
Imports
5 746.4
Mexico
12.4 China
14.9
Balance
772.9
Venezuela
7.8 Mexico
9.5
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.2
Urban population (%)
2015
58.8
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.0
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
2.3
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
77.5/71.4
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
54
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
40.3/0.7k
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
1 330l
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
391
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
20
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
9.0
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
0.9j
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
11.5m
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
41.3
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
114.6fn
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
17.6f
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
1.0m
Threatened species
2015
141
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
25.9f
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
4 569/0.8
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
89
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
25.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
22.0
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
99.3/69.4
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
76.5/55.7
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
3.7

a Persons aged 10 years and over. b Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2. c Data classified according
to ISIC Rev. 3. d Break in the time series. e Persons aged 14 years and over. f Estimate. g Index base:
1999=100. h Series linked to former series. i 2013. j 2014. k Including refugees. l Including nationals
residing abroad. m 2012. n Includes inactive subscriptions.

148 World Statistics Pocketbook

Niger

Region
Western Africa
Surface area (sq km)
1 267 000
Population (proj., 000) 20 715
Pop. density (per sq km) 16.4
Capital city
Niamey
Capital city pop. (000) 1 090
Currency
CFA Franc (XOF)
UN membership date
20 September 1960
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
3 369
5 719
8 169
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
7.4
8.4
6.9
GDP per capita (current US$)
249.8
351.0
427.4
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) a
45.5
43.8
39.2
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) b
11.8
16.7
20.9
cd
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
42.7
39.4
39.9
e
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
56.9
...
...
e
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
11.1
...
...
e
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
31.1
...
...
f
Unemployment (% of labour force)
3.1
2.4
2.7
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) f
39.2/90.7
39.8/90.1
40.2/89.5
gh
i
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
114
128
134
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
102
145
132j
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
102
145
132j
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
312
1 136
1 150j
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)k
(% of exports)k
(% of imports)k
Exports
1 049.7
France
36.5 China
22.6
Imports
2 151.1
Burkina Faso
15.7 France
14.6
Balance
1 101.4
Nigeria
12.7 United States
5.3
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
4.0
Urban population (%)
2015
18.7
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
5.1
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
7.6
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
61.6/59.9
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
113
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
189.3/1.0l
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
135
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
202 186
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
60
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
5.8
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
6.8
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
65.0/75.9
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
15.6/22.1
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
0.9/2.6m
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
4.5m
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
13.3
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
44.4f
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
2.0f
Threatened species
2015
31
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
0.9f
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
1 962/0.1
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
101
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
5.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
17.6
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
100.0/48.6
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
37.9/4.7
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
11.4
a Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care. b Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation
canals. c Excludes repair of personal and household goods. d Includes publishing activities and landscaping care. e Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2. f Estimate. g African population. h Niamey. i
Series linked to former series. j 2013. k 2014. l Including refugees. m 2012.

World Statistics Pocketbook 149

Nigeria

Region
Western Africa
Surface area (sq km)
923 768
Population (proj., 000) 186 988
Pop. density (per sq km) 205.3
Capital city
Abuja
Capital city pop. (000) 2 440
Currency
Naira (NGN)
UN membership date
7 October 1960
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
180 502
369 062
568 499
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
6.5
7.8
6.3
GDP per capita (current US$)
1 292.9
2 315.0
3 203.2
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) a
25.6
23.9
20.2
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) b
23.7
25.3
25.0
cd
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
50.7
50.8
54.8
efg
hi
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
44.6
48.6
...
efg
hi
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
11.5
8.5
...
efg
hi
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
41.7
42.9
...
j
Unemployment (% of labour force)
7.3
7.3
4.8
j
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
47.6/62.1
47.9/63.2
48.3/63.8
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) k
207
338l
493
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
100
104
110m
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
100
104
111m
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
36 529
13 111
1 268
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)n
(% of exports)n
(% of imports)n
Exports
102 878.5
India
14.6 China
21.9
Imports
46 532.3
Netherlands
10.2 United States
10.4
Balance
56 346.2
Spain
9.3 Belgium
7.2
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.7
Urban population (%)
2015
47.8
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
4.7
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
5.7
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
52.6/52.0
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
88
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
1 199.1/0.7op
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
600m
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
1 510 205
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
76
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
3.7q
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
10.1r
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
5.6
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
77.8
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
42.7j
Threatened species
2015
333
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
8.6j
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
95 650/0.6
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
10 668
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
32.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
11.8
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
80.8/57.3
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
32.8/25.4
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
0.5

a Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care. b Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation
canals. c Excludes repair of personal and household goods. d Includes publishing activities and landscaping care. e Break in the time series. f Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2. g 2004. h Data classified
according to ISIC Rev. 3. i 2007. j Estimate. k Rural and urban areas. l Series linked to former series. m
2013. n 2014. o Including refugees. p Refers to foreign citizens. q In 2014, a revised GDP series was
published following a statistical rebasing exercise (the base year changed from 1990 to 2010). Nigeria
has emerged as Africa's largest economy, with a GDP increase of 89% for year 2013. r 2012.

150 World Statistics Pocketbook

Niue

Region
Oceania-Polynesia
Surface area (sq km)
260
Population (proj., 000) 2
Pop. density (per sq km) 6.2
Capital city
Alofi
Capital city pop. (000) 1 a
Currency
New Zealand Dollar (NZD)
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) b
4.8c
...
...
Employment: Industry (% of employed) b
9.3c
...
...
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) b
85.9c
...
...
Unemployment (% of labour force)
9.7c
...
...
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
74.8/76.7d
...
...
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
119
...
...
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
101
93
92e
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
101
93
92e
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.1
Urban population (%)
2015
42.5
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.9
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
2.2f
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
72.8/66.1f
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
61g
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
0.6/34.6
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
7eh
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
10f
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
7.5
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
125.3/127.4i
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
3.1j
Environment and infrastructure
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
91.6i
Threatened species
2015
50
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
70.4i
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
11/5.7
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
0
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
65.0i
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
<
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
98.4/98.6
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
100.0/100.0

a 2014. b Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. c 2002. d 2001. e 2013. f 2006 - 2011. g 2010. h Including
Niueans residing usually in New Zealand. i Estimate. j 2012.

World Statistics Pocketbook 151

Northern Mariana Islands

Region
Oceania-Micronesia
Surface area (sq km)
457
Population (proj., 000) 55
Pop. density (per sq km) 120.4
Capital city
Garapan
Capital city pop. (000) 4 a
Currency
US Dollar (USD)
Economic indicators
2005
2010
Unemployment (% of labour force) b
6.5
11.2c
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) b
81.3/82.5d 66.6/77.6c
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
100e
...
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
Urban population (%)
2015
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
Environment and infrastructure
Threatened species
2015
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015

2014
...
...
...
0.4
89.2
0.4
2.2a
77.6/75.0f
42g
21.7/39.3
460h
5i
99
64.9j
26.3
97.5/97.5
79.7/79.7

a 2010. b Persons aged 16 years and over. c Break in the time series. d 2003. e Saipan. f 2008 - 2012. g
2011. h Arrivals by air. i 2006 - 2008. j Estimate.

152 World Statistics Pocketbook

Norway

Region
Northern Europe
Surface area (sq km)
386 209 a
Population (proj., 000) 5 272 a
Pop. density (per sq km) 14.4 a
Capital city
Oslo
Capital city pop. (000) 986
Currency
Norwegian Krone (NOK)
UN membership date
27 November 1945
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
308 722
428 527
500 519
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
2.6
0.6
2.2
GDP per capita (current US$)
66 759.6
87 610.9
97 226.5
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) b
1.6
1.8
1.7
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) c
42.6
39.1
38.4
de
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
55.9
59.2
59.9
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
3.2fg
2.4
2.1
fg
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
21.0
19.8
20.5
fg
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
75.8
77.7
77.0
Unemployment (% of labour force) h
4.4
3.5
3.5
h
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
60.3/70.5
61.4/70.0
61.2/68.6
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
109
122
130
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
99
102
102i
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
99
102
102i
Index of industrial production (2005=100) j
100
88
85
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
49 967
50 258
47 163
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)a
(% of exports)a
(% of imports)a
Exports
106 251.1
United Kingdom
21.8 Sweden
11.5
Imports
76 979.3
Germany
17.6 Germany
11.3
Balance
29 271.8
Netherlands
9.9 China
10.4
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.3a
Urban population (%)
2015
80.5a
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.4a
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.8a
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
83.4/79.2a
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
52a
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
741.8/14.2a
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
4 855k
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
54 925l
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
3a
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
9.7
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
4.3m
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
7.4m
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
100.1/100.2
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
110.6/114.5
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
91.4/63.0
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
0.6
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
39.6
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
116.5n
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
96.3o
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
318.0
Threatened species
2015
44p
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
33.2h
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
59 636/11.7
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
8 133a
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
273.0a
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
9.1
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
100.0/100.0
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
98.0/98.3
Net Official Development Assistance disbursed (% of GNI) q
2014
1.0

a Including Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands. b Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care. c Excludes
publishing activities, includes irrigation canals. d Excludes repair of personal and household goods. e
Includes publishing activities and landscaping care. f Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. g Break in
the time series. h Estimate. i 2013. j Excluding water and waste management. k Non-resident tourists
staying in all types of accommodation establishments. l Refugee population relates to the end of 2014.
m 2012. n Data as at the end of June. o Population age 16-74. p Excluding overseas territories. q Development Assistance Committee member (OECD).
World Statistics Pocketbook 153

Oman

Region
Western Asia
Surface area (sq km)
309 500
Population (proj., 000) 4 655
Pop. density (per sq km) 15.0
Capital city
Muscat
Capital city pop. (000) 838 a
Currency
Rial Omani (OMR)
UN membership date
7 October 1971
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
31 082
58 641
81 797
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
2.5
4.8
2.9
GDP per capita (current US$)
12 398.6
19 920.6
19 309.6
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
1.6
1.4
1.2
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
62.1
62.8
60.9
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
36.3
35.9
38.0
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) b
...
5.2
...
b
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
...
36.9
...
b
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
...
57.9
...
c
Unemployment (% of labour force)
7.0
6.6
6.3
c
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
25.4/77.1
27.6/80.7
29.5/84.4
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
102
134
146d
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
112
122
124e
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
112
122
125e
Index of industrial production (2005=100) b
100
165
181
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
5 178
4 884
4 056
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)f
(% of exports)f
(% of imports)f
Exports
50 718.3
China
44.1 United Arab Emirates
32.5
Imports
29 303.1
Republic of Korea
14.8 Japan
12.2
g
Balance
21 415.2
Asia nes
7.5 China
4.8
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
8.5
Urban population (%)
2015
77.6
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
8.5
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
2.9
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
78.9/74.7
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
30
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
1 845.0/41.1h
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
1 519
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
390
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
7
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
3.6
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
2.4i
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
5.0e
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
114.9/105.8
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
98.3/105.5j
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
33.8/24.7j
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
1.1j
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
1.2
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
157.8
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
70.2c
Threatened species
2015
90
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
<c
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
61 184/15.7
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
3 151
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
260.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
4.0
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
95.5/86.1
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
97.3/94.7

a Refers to Muscat governorate. b Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. c Estimate. d Series linked to
former series. e 2013. f 2014. g See technical notes. h Refers to foreign citizens. i 2012. j 2011.

154 World Statistics Pocketbook

Pakistan

Region
Southern Asia
Surface area (sq km)
796 095
Population (proj., 000) 192 827
Pop. density (per sq km) 250.1
Capital city
Islamabad
Capital city pop. (000) 1 365
Currency
Pakistan Rupee (PKR)
UN membership date
30 September 1947
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
117 708
174 508
251 255
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
7.7
1.6
5.4
GDP per capita (current US$)
767.6
1 026.3
1 357.8
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) a
24.3
24.3
25.1
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) b
21.1
20.6
21.3
cd
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
54.6
55.1
53.6
ef
gh
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
43.0
45.0
43.5
ef
gh
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
20.3
20.9
22.5
ef
gh
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
36.6
34.2
34.0
i
Unemployment (% of labour force)
7.1
5.3
5.6
i
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
19.3/84.1
23.9/82.8
24.1/82.1
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
129
234
316
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
100
110
95j
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
101
113
94j
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
3 606h
1 354
3 544
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
22 089.0
United States
16.6 China
25.0
Imports
43 989.6
China
8.8 United Arab Emirates
13.0
Balance
21 900.6
Afghanistan
7.8 Saudi Arabia
6.8
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.1
Urban population (%)
2015
38.8
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.8
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
3.7
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
66.8/65.0
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
65
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
3 629.0/1.9k
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
966l
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
3 439 965
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
70
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
2.6mn
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
2.5
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
85.8/100.7
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
36.6/46.3
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
10.7/10.1
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
7.8l
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
20.6
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
73.3o
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
13.8i
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
1.0
Threatened species
2015
129
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
2.0i
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
153 369/0.8
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
2 009
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
16.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
8.6
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
93.9/89.9
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
83.1/51.1
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
1.4
a Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care. b Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation
canals. c Excludes repair of personal and household goods. d Includes publishing activities and landscaping care. e Persons aged 10 years and over. f Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2. g Data classified
according to ISIC Rev. 3. h Break in the time series. i Estimate. j 2013. k Including refugees. l 2012. m
Data revision. n Total level of government expenditure on health increased due to the inclusion of local
government expenditure, as well as a more-comprehensive estimation of regional expenditure on health.
o Data as at the end of December.

World Statistics Pocketbook 155

Palau

Region
Oceania-Micronesia
Surface area (sq km)
459
Population (proj., 000) 22
Pop. density (per sq km) 46.7
Capital city
Melekeok
Capital city pop. (000) 12 ab
Currency
US Dollar (USD)
UN membership date
15 December 1994
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
180
185
234
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
0.5
7.2
0.1
GDP per capita (current US$)
9 038.3
9 049.8
11 067.9
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) c
4.3
4.6
4.3
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) d
17.6
9.9
8.6
ef
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
78.2
85.5
87.1
ghi
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
...
2.4
...
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
...
11.8ghi
...
ghi
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
...
85.9
...
h
Unemployment (% of labour force)
4.2
...
...
h
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
58.1/75.4
...
...
j
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
40
19
48
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)a
(% of exports)a
(% of imports)a
Exports
11.4
Japan
40.4 United States
33.2
Imports
165.0
United States
38.6 Singapore
19.7
k
Balance
153.6
Areas nes
12.3 Japan
12.2
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.8
Urban population (%)
2015
87.1
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.7
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.7l
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
72.1/66.3m
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
42n
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
5.7/26.6
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
141o
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
1
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
12l
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
9.0
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
111.8/116.5p
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
116.9/110.5p
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
76.1/49.1pq
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
3.1r
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
0.0
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
90.6
Threatened species
2015
177
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
87.6p
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
224/10.7
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
0p
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
152.0p
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
0.2
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
97.0/...
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
100.0/100.0
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
9.6

a 2014. b Refers to Koror. c Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care. d Excludes publishing
activities, includes irrigation canals. e Excludes repair of personal and household goods. f Includes publishing activities and landscaping care. g Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. h Persons aged 16 years
and over. i 2008. j Break in the time series. k See technical notes. l 2010. m 2001 - 2005. n 2005. o Air
arrivals (Palau International Airport). p Estimate. q 2013. r 2012.

156 World Statistics Pocketbook

Panama

Region
Central America
Surface area (sq km)
75 320
Population (proj., 000) 3 990
Pop. density (per sq km) 53.7
Capital city
Panama City
Capital city pop. (000) 1 673 a
Currency
Balboa (PAB)
UN membership date
13 November 1945
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
15 465
28 917
49 166
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
7.2
5.8
6.1
GDP per capita (current US$)
4 659.0
7 987.1
12 712.5
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
6.8
3.9
3.3
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
16.3
20.3
22.7
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
76.9
75.8
74.1
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
15.7b
17.4bc
16.7cde
b
bc
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
17.2
18.7
18.2cde
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
67.1b
63.9bc
65.0cde
Unemployment (% of labour force) f
9.8
6.5
4.8
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) f
48.0/81.1
49.0/82.0
50.5/80.5
gh
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
103
127
148i
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
99
107
116i
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
99
107
117i
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
1 064
3 113
4 794
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
695.7
United States
19.7 United States
25.9
Imports
12 129.0
Germany
13.2 Free zones
16.0j
Balance
11 433.3
Costa Rica
7.7 China
9.6
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.6
Urban population (%)
2015
66.6
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.1
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
2.5
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
80.5/74.3
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
53
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
184.7/4.7
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
1 745
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
19 343
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
15
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
8.0
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
1.7
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
3.3k
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
103.7/106.9i
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
77.9/73.2i
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
46.5/31.2i
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
17.4i
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
18.3
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
158.1f
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
44.9
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
3.0
Threatened species
2015
373
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
62.6f
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
10 363/2.7
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
31
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
42.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
5.2
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
97.7/88.6
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
83.5/58.0
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
0.5
a Refers to the metropolitan area of Panama City. b Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. c Break in
the time series. d Excluding the institutional population. e 2012. f Estimate. g Urban areas. h Index base:
2003=100. i 2013. j See technical notes. k 2011.

World Statistics Pocketbook 157

Papua New Guinea

Region
Oceania-Melanesia
Surface area (sq km)
462 840
Population (proj., 000) 7 776
Pop. density (per sq km) 17.2
Capital city
Port Moresby
Capital city pop. (000) 345
Currency
Kina (PGK)
UN membership date
10 October 1975
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
4 866
9 707
16 576
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
3.9
7.6
8.4
GDP per capita (current US$)
799.5
1 417.6
2 220.9
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
34.0
31.5
25.6
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
44.3
45.1
49.1
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
21.7
23.4
25.4
a
Unemployment (% of labour force)
3.4
3.6
3.3
a
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
71.3/74.4
70.5/72.9
69.6/71.0
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
146
189
217b
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
100
112
118b
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
99
112
118b
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
539
914
1 932
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)c
(% of exports)c
(% of imports)c
Exports
4 517.7
Australia
35.9 Australia
34.4
Imports
8 340.7
Japan
11.7 Singapore
14.3
Balance
3 823.0
Germany
7.0 China
6.9
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.1
Urban population (%)
2015
13.0
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.1
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
3.8
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
64.5/60.3
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
67
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
25.8/0.3de
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
182
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
9 910
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
48
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
4.3
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
109.3/119.8c
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
34.6/45.8c
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
2.7
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
44.9a
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
9.4a
Threatened species
2015
478
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
74.1a
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
6 073/0.8
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
99
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
20.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
0.7
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
88.0/32.8
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
56.4/13.3
a Estimate. b 2013. c 2012. d Including refugees. e Refers to foreign citizens.

158 World Statistics Pocketbook

Paraguay

Region
South America
Surface area (sq km)
406 752
Population (proj., 000) 6 725
Pop. density (per sq km) 16.9
Capital city
Asuncin
Capital city pop. (000) 2 356 a
Currency
Guarani (PYG)
UN membership date
24 October 1945
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
8 735
20 048
30 985
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
2.1
13.1
4.4
GDP per capita (current US$)
1 507.2
3 228.3
4 728.7
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
19.6
22.5
20.9
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
34.8
30.1
28.8
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
45.7
47.4
50.3
b
c
defg
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
32.4
26.8
22.8dfg
b
c
defg
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
15.7
18.8
18.9dfg
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) b
51.9c
54.3defg
58.2dfg
Unemployment (% of labour force) h
5.8
5.7
6.0
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) h
54.3/85.7
54.6/84.6
58.0/84.5
i
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
150
212
256
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
97
137
157j
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
98
142
163j
Index of industrial production (2005=100) d
100
110
125
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
68
57
117
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
8 361.2
Brazil
31.6 Brazil
25.0
Imports
10 291.2
Russian Federation
9.1 China
23.5
Balance
1 930.0
Argentina
8.1 Argentina
14.9
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.3
Urban population (%)
2015
59.7
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.1
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
2.6
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
74.9/70.7
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
57
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
156.5/2.4
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
649kl
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
200
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
29
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
9.8m
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
1.2n
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
5.0n
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
104.3/107.6n
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
79.1/74.2n
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
8.8
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
15.0
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
105.6
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
43.0op
Threatened species
2015
58
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
40.2h
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
4 972/0.8
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
335
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
35.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
6.5
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
100.0/95.0
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
95.5/78.4
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
0.2
a Refers to the metropolitan area of Asuncin. b Persons aged 10 years and over. c Data classified
according to ISIC Rev. 2. d Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. e Break in the time series. f Excluding
the institutional population. g Excluding some areas. h Estimate. i Asuncin. j 2013. k E/D cards in the
Silvio Petirossi airport and passenger counts at the national border crossings. l Excluding nationals
residing abroad and crew members. m A study of Health Accounts is in the process (2012-2013). n 2012.
o Population age 10+. p Users in the last 3 months.

World Statistics Pocketbook 159

Peru

Region
South America
Surface area (sq km)
1 285 216
Population (proj., 000) 31 774
Pop. density (per sq km) 24.8
Capital city
Lima
Capital city pop. (000) 9 897 a
Currency
Sol (PEN)
UN membership date
31 October 1945
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
76 080
147 070
201 809
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
6.3
8.5
2.4
GDP per capita (current US$)
2 755.5
5 006.9
6 515.6
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) b
7.5
7.5
7.3
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) c
37.7
39.2
35.7
de
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
54.7
53.2
57.0
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) fgh
10.8
...
...
fh
g
ij
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
18.6
23.9
22.9j
fh
g
ij
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
70.6
74.7
75.9j
Unemployment (% of labour force) k
5.2
4.0
3.3
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) k
57.5/78.9
65.6/84.3
65.5/82.5
lm
n
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
110
126
144
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
99
128
144o
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
100
130
147o
Index of industrial production (2005=100) f
100
131
142o
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
1 148
3 782
8 031
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
33 244.9
China
22.1 China
22.7
Imports
38 104.6
United States
15.1 United States
20.6
Balance
4 859.7
Switzerland
8.1 Brazil
5.1
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.3
Urban population (%)
2015
78.6
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.7
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
2.5
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
76.8/71.5
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
53
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
90.9/0.3
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
3 215pqr
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
1 773
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
19
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
5.5s
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
1.1t
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
3.7
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
101.4/101.4
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
95.5/95.7
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
6.7
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
22.3
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
102.9u
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
40.2v
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
3.0
Threatened species
2015
643
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
58.1k
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
57 154/1.9
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
982
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
28.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
19.4
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
91.5/69.3
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
82.5/53.2
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
0.2
a Refers to Gran Lima. b Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care. c Excludes publishing activities,
includes irrigation canals. d Excludes repair of personal and household goods. e Includes publishing
activities and landscaping care. f Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. g Urban areas. h Persons aged
14 years and over. i Break in the time series. j Main city or metropolitan area. k Estimate. l Metropolitan
areas. m Lima. n Series linked to former series. o 2013. p Including nationals residing abroad. q Provisional
data. r Including tourists with identity document other than a passport. s Data revision. t 2012. u Excludes
data-only subscriptions. v Population age 6+.
160 World Statistics Pocketbook

Philippines

Region
South-Eastern Asia
Surface area (sq km)
300 000
Population (proj., 000) 102 250
Pop. density (per sq km) 342.9
Capital city
Manila
Capital city pop. (000) 12 946 a
Currency
Philippine Peso (PHP)
UN membership date
24 October 1945
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
103 072
199 591
284 582
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
4.8
7.6
6.1
GDP per capita (current US$)
1 196.5
2 145.2
2 870.5
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) b
12.7
12.3
11.3
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) c
33.9
32.6
31.2
de
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
53.5
55.1
57.5
fg
fhi
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
36.0
33.2
30.4
fg
fhi
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
15.6
15.0
15.9
fg
fhi
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
48.5
51.8
53.6
j
Unemployment (% of labour force)
7.7
7.4
6.6
j
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
49.8/80.0
50.2/79.6
50.4/78.8
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
130
166
192
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
100
112
120k
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
100
113
120k
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
1 990h
7 179
10 917
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
58 648.1
Japan
21.1 China
16.4
Imports
70 153.5
United States
15.0 United States
10.9
Balance
11 505.4
China
10.9 Japan
9.6
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.6
Urban population (%)
2015
44.4
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.3
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
3.0
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
71.6/64.7
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
58
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
211.9/0.2lm
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
4 833n
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
386 163
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
23
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
4.7
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
116.9/116.8k
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
92.7/84.4k
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
40.3/31.4
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
9.9
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
27.2
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
111.2
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
39.7j
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
3.0
Threatened species
2015
767
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
25.4j
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
98 239/1.0
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
935
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
18.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
2.4
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
93.7/90.3
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
77.9/70.8
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
0.2

a Refers to the National Capital Region. b Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care. c Excludes
publishing activities, includes irrigation canals. d Excludes repair of personal and household goods. e
Includes publishing activities and landscaping care. f Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. g Excluding
regular military living in barracks. h Break in the time series. i Nonstandard population coverage. j Estimate. k 2013. l Including refugees. m Refers to foreign citizens. n Including nationals residing abroad.

World Statistics Pocketbook 161

Poland

Region
Eastern Europe
Surface area (sq km)
311 888
Population (proj., 000) 38 593
Pop. density (per sq km) 126.0
Capital city
Warsaw
Capital city pop. (000) 1 722
Currency
Zloty (PLN)
UN membership date
24 October 1945
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
304 412
479 243
544 959
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
3.6
3.7
3.3
GDP per capita (current US$)
7 914.3
12 423.8
14 110.8
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) a
3.3
2.9
2.9
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) b
32.1
33.3
32.5
cd
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
64.6
63.8
64.6
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
16.5e
12.6
11.2
e
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
29.7
30.6
30.8
e
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
53.8
56.7
57.9
f
Unemployment (% of labour force)
17.7
9.6
9.0
f
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
47.5/62.5
48.3/64.3
49.2/65.4
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
115
131
143
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
99
101
106g
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
99
101
106g
Index of industrial production (2005=100)
100
134
154
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
7 981
25 875
11 124
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
194 461.2
Germany
26.9 Germany
22.6
Imports
189 696.5
United Kingdom
6.8 China
11.8
Balance
4 764.7
Czech Republic
6.5 Russian Federation
7.6
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
<
Urban population (%)
2015
60.5
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.1
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.4
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
81.1/73.1
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
44
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
619.4/1.6
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
16 000
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
29 036h
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
5
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
6.4
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
2.2i
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
4.8i
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
101.4/101.2g
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
106.7/110.6g
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
86.9/56.1g
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
0.7
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
27.4
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
156.5f
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
66.6j
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
116.0
Threatened species
2015
51
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
30.7f
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
302 333/7.8
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
2 969
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
107.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
29.3
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
99.3/96.9
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
97.5/96.8
Net Official Development Assistance disbursed (% of GNI) k
2014
0.1

a Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care. b Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation
canals. c Excludes repair of personal and household goods. d Includes publishing activities and landscaping care. e Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. f Estimate. g 2013. h Refugee population relates
to the end of 2014. i 2012. j Population age 16-74. k Development Assistance Committee member (OECD).

162 World Statistics Pocketbook

Portugal

Region
Southern Europe
Surface area (sq km)
92 225
Population (proj., 000) 10 304
Pop. density (per sq km) 112.5
Capital city
Lisbon
Capital city pop. (000) 2 884 a
Currency
Euro (EUR)
UN membership date
14 December 1955
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
197 300
238 303
230 117
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
0.8
1.9
0.9
GDP per capita (current US$)
18 826.2
22 513.7
22 121.6
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) b
2.7
2.2
2.3
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) c
24.6
22.6
21.6
de
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
72.7
75.2
76.1
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
8.0fg
7.1
5.5
fg
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
32.1
28.8
24.9
fg
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
60.0
64.0
69.5
Unemployment (% of labour force) h
7.6
10.8
13.9
h
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
55.4/69.3
55.8/66.8
53.7/64.4
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) i
117
127
135
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
97
104
104j
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
97
105
104j
Index of industrial production (2005=100)
100
92
88
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
19 537
24 199
1 209
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
55 241.1
Spain
25.0 Spain
27.2
Imports
66 657.7
France
12.1 Germany
11.7
Balance
11 416.6
Germany
11.8 France
6.6
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.5
Urban population (%)
2015
63.5
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.0
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.3
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
83.5/77.4
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
54
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
837.3/8.1
k
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
9 092
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
1 354l
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
3
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
9.5
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
4.1m
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
5.1n
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
106.1/110.8
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
115.0/117.8
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
70.4/60.9
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
0.9
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
34.8
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
111.8o
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
64.6p
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
80.0
Threatened species
2015
256
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
35.0h
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
46 263/4.4
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
241q
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
86.0q
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
1.9
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
100.0/100.0
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
99.6/99.8
Net Official Development Assistance disbursed (% of GNI) r
2014
0.2

a Refers to Grande Lisboa, the Peninsula of Setbal, and the municipality Azambuja. b Excludes irrigation
canals and landscaping care. c Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals. d Excludes repair
of personal and household goods. e Includes publishing activities and landscaping care. f Data classified
according to ISIC Rev. 3. g Break in the time series. h Estimate. i Excluding `Rent. j 2013. k Arrivals of
non-resident tourists in all types of tourism accommodation establishments. l Refugee population relates
to the end of 2014. m 2012. n 2011. o Excludes data-only subscriptions. p Population age 16-74. q Data
includes the Azores and Madeira. r Development Assistance Committee member (OECD).
World Statistics Pocketbook 163

Puerto Rico

Region
Caribbean
Surface area (sq km)
8 868
Population (proj., 000) 3 681
Pop. density (per sq km) 415.0
Capital city
San Juan
Capital city pop. (000) 2 463 a
Currency
US Dollar (USD)
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
83 915
98 381
103 676
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
2.0
0.4
0.1
GDP per capita (current US$)
22 310.9
26 520.2
28 122.9
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) b
0.6
0.8
0.8
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) b
47.3
50.8
50.8
b
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
52.1
48.4
48.4
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) cd
2.1
1.6e
1.6f
cd
e
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
19.0
13.7
13.5f
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) cd
79.0
84.7e
84.9f
Unemployment (% of labour force) g
11.3
16.1
13.9
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) g
38.1/61.0
35.1/53.7
34.2/51.4
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
111
131
139
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
97
105
111h
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
97
107
112h
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.1
Urban population (%)
2015
93.6
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.2
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.6
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
83.2/75.2
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
50
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
275.0/7.5
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
3 246i
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
6
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
6.4h
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
90.5/88.7h
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
83.3/78.4h
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
100.4/70.4h
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
18.5
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
87.1
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
78.8g
Threatened species
2015
127
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
55.2g
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
1
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
15.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
0.6
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
99.3/99.3

a Refers to the Metropolitan Statistical Area. b At producers' prices. c Data classified according to ISIC
Rev. 2. d Persons aged 16 years and over. e Break in the time series. f 2011. g Estimate. h 2013. i Arrivals
of non-resident tourists by air.

164 World Statistics Pocketbook

Qatar

Region
Western Asia
Surface area (sq km)
11 607
Population (proj., 000) 2 291
Pop. density (per sq km) 197.4
Capital city
Doha
Capital city pop. (000) 718
Currency
Qatari Rial (QAR)
UN membership date
21 September 1971
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
44 531
125 122
211 817
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
7.5
16.7
6.2
GDP per capita (current US$)
53 207.3
70 870.3
97 518.6
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) a
0.1
0.1
0.1
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) a
73.8
66.8
65.1
a
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
26.0
33.1
34.8
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
2.7bcd
1.6bef
1.4cghi
bcd
bef
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
41.0
58.4
51.6cghi
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
56.2bcd
40.0bef
46.8cghi
Unemployment (% of labour force) j
1.0
0.4
0.2
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) j
43.5/94.1
51.5/95.7
53.3/94.0
k
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
119
162
178
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
95
120
134i
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
95
120
134i
Index of industrial production (2005=100) b
100
190
226
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
...
...
49 662
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
77 971.1
Japan
20.8 China
11.5
Imports
32 610.5
Republic of Korea
17.3 United States
11.0
Balance
45 360.6
India
11.9 United Arab Emirates
8.8
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
4.7
Urban population (%)
2015
99.2
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
6.0
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
2.1
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
79.7/77.1
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
20
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
1 687.6/75.5l
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
2 826
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
1 433
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
6
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
2.2m
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
3.6
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
99.0/103.7n
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
103.2/116.1n
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
45.9/7.3
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
7.2o
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
0.0
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
145.8
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
91.5j
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
4.0
Threatened species
2015
35
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
0.0j
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
85 023/40.5
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
9 271
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
664.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
1.2
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
100.0/100.0
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
98.0/98.0
a At producers' prices. b Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. c Break in the time series. d 2004. e
Paid employment only. f 2009. g Persons aged 15 to 76 years. h Excluding persons temporarily absent
from work. i 2013. j Estimate. k Index base: 2002=100. l Refers to foreign citizens. m Data revision. n
2011. o 2012.

World Statistics Pocketbook 165

Republic of Korea

Region
Eastern Asia
Surface area (sq km)
100 266
Population (proj., 000) 50 504
Pop. density (per sq km) 519.4
Capital city
Seoul
Capital city pop. (000) 9 774 a
Currency
South Korean Won (KRW) UN membership date
17 September 1991
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
898 137
1 094 499
1 410 383
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
3.9
6.5
3.3
GDP per capita (current US$)
18 866.1
22 295.8
28 165.8
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) b
3.2
2.5
2.3
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) c
37.5
38.3
38.2
de
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
59.4
59.3
59.4
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
7.9f
6.6gh
6.1gi
f
gh
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
26.8
24.9
24.4gi
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
65.2f
68.5gh
69.5gi
Unemployment (% of labour force) j
3.7
3.7
3.5
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) j
49.5/72.6
49.3/71.7
50.0/71.8
k
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
100
116
127
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
100
102
104i
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
100
102
104i
Index of industrial production (2005=100) l
100
139
151
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
12 655
28 850
84 373
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)m
(% of exports)m
(% of imports)m
Exports
573 074.8
China
25.4 China
17.1
Imports
525 557.0
United States
12.3 Japan
10.2
Balance
47 517.8
Japan
5.6 United States
8.7
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.5
Urban population (%)
2015
82.5
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.7
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.3
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
84.6/78.0
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
37
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
1 327.3/2.6n
o
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
14 202p
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
6 615
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
3
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
7.4
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
2.1q
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
4.6q
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
98.6/99.5i
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
97.2/98.3i
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
81.3/107.8i
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
0.7
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
16.3
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
115.5
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
84.3r
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
3 254.0
Threatened species
2015
76
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
63.6j
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013 592 499/11.9
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
1 799
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
221.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
2.6
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
99.7/...
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
100.0/100.0
Net Official Development Assistance disbursed (% of GNI) s
2014
0.1
a Refers to Seoul Special City. b Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care. c Excludes publishing
activities, includes irrigation canals. d Excludes repair of personal and household goods. e Includes
publishing activities and landscaping care. f Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. g Break in the time
series. h Excluding overseas territories. i 2013. j Estimate. k Index base: 2005=100. l Excluding water and
waste management. m 2014. n Refers to foreign citizens. o Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national
borders. p Including nationals residing abroad and crew members. q 2012. r Population age 3+. s Development Assistance Committee member (OECD).
166 World Statistics Pocketbook

Republic of Moldova

Region
Eastern Europe
Surface area (sq km)
33 846
Population (proj., 000) 4 063 a
Pop. density (per sq km) 123.7 a
Capital city
Chisinau
Capital city pop. (000) 725
Currency
Moldovan Leu (MDL)
UN membership date
2 March 1992
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
2 988
5 812
7 944
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
7.5
7.1
4.4
GDP per capita (current US$)
718.8
1 422.9
1 950.8
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
19.1
14.1
14.9
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
22.2
19.5
20.5
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
58.7
66.4
64.7
b
cdef
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
40.6
27.5
28.8cdeg
b
cdef
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
16.0
18.7
17.7cdeg
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) b
43.3
53.8cdef
53.5cdeg
Unemployment (% of labour force) h
7.3
7.4
3.9
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) h
47.9/50.4
38.6/45.3
38.5/45.0
i
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
99
152
189
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
100
93
101g
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
100
93
101g
Index of industrial production (2005=100) b
100
82
94g
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
248
545
676
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
1 966.8
Romania
22.7 Romania
13.9
Imports
3 986.8
Russian Federation
12.2 Russian Federation
13.4
Balance
2 020.0
Italy
10.0 Ukraine
9.3
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.1a
Urban population (%)
2015
45.0a
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.7a
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.3a
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
75.4/67.2a
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
35a
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
142.9/3.5a
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) j
2014
94k
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
6 786
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
11a
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
10.3
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
3.0
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
7.5
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
92.9/93.3h
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
87.9/86.8h
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
46.6/36.1gh
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
3.2
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
21.8
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
108.0
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
46.6h
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
19.0
Threatened species
2015
29
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
12.2h
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
4 976/1.2
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
12
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
23.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
3.8
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
96.9/81.4
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
87.8/67.1
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
5.9
a Including Transnistria. b Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. c Break in the time series. d Excluding
the institutional population. e Excluding some areas. f Persons aged 15 to 76 years. g 2013. h Estimate.
i Index base: 2005=100. j Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of tourism accommodation establishments. k Excluding the left side of the river Nistru and the municipality of Bender.

World Statistics Pocketbook 167

Runion

Region
Eastern Africa
Surface area (sq km)
2 513
Population (proj., 000) 867
Pop. density (per sq km) 346.9
Capital city
Saint-Denis
Capital city pop. (000) 144 a
Currency
Euro (EUR)
Economic indicators
2005
2010
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) b
...
4.2c
Employment: Industry (% of employed) b
...
14.1c
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) b
...
67.1c
Unemployment (% of labour force) f
30.1
28.9
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) f
49.8/64.5
49.1/62.2
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
110
121
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
99
104
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
99
104
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
Urban population (%)
2015
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
Environment and infrastructure
Threatened species
2015
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015

2014
4.3de
12.7de
81.7de
29.6
48.4/60.4
127
107g
107g
0.7
95.0
1.4
2.2
82.9/76.0
51
127.2/14.8
406
4
126
35.1f
4 316/5.1
8f
70.0f
23.5
99.2/97.8
98.4/95.3

a 2014. b Excluding the institutional population. c Persons aged 15 to 64 years. d Break in the time series.
e 2012. f Estimate. g 2013.

168 World Statistics Pocketbook

Romania

Region
Eastern Europe
Surface area (sq km)
238 391
Population (proj., 000) 19 373
Pop. density (per sq km) 84.2
Capital city
Bucharest
Capital city pop. (000) 1 868
Currency
Romanian Leu (RON)
UN membership date
14 December 1955
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
99 699
167 998
199 045
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
4.2
0.8
2.8
GDP per capita (current US$)
4 657.2
8 276.2
10 128.7
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) a
9.5
6.3
5.4
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) b
36.1
41.3
34.4
cd
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
54.5
52.4
60.3
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
28.8ef
27.7
25.4
ef
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
32.1
29.7
30.1
ef
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
39.1
42.6
44.5
g
Unemployment (% of labour force)
7.2
7.0
6.8
g
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
47.4/62.1
47.3/63.6
47.7/65.1
h
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
232
313
359
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
95
91
97i
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
95
91
97i
Index of industrial production (2005=100) j
100
123
155
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
8 541f
8 479
951
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
60 605.0
Germany
19.8 Germany
19.8
Imports
69 857.7
Italy
12.4 Italy
10.9
Balance
9 252.7
France
6.8 Hungary
7.9
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.8
Urban population (%)
2015
54.6
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
<
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.5
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
78.1/70.9
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
49
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
226.9/1.2
k
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
8 442
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
2 858
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
10
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
5.6
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
2.5l
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
2.9l
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
94.6/96.4l
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
94.3/95.2
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
59.1/47.7
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
1.5
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
13.7
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
105.9m
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
54.1n
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
49.0
Threatened species
2015
85
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
29.2g
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
70 736/3.6
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
1 090
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
68.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
22.1
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
100.0/100.0
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
92.2/63.4
Net Official Development Assistance disbursed (% of GNI)
2014
0.1

a Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care. b Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation
canals. c Excludes repair of personal and household goods. d Includes publishing activities and landscaping care. e Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. f Break in the time series. g Estimate. h Annual
average is weighted mean of monthly data. i 2013. j Excluding water and waste management. k Arrivals
of non-resident visitors at national borders. l 2012. m Data refers to pre-paid subscriptions active in the
last 6 months (or 180 days). n Population age 16-74.
World Statistics Pocketbook 169

Russian Federation

Region
Eastern Europe
Surface area (sq km)
17 098 246
Population (proj., 000) 143 440
Pop. density (per sq km) 8.8
Capital city
Moscow
Capital city pop. (000) 12 166
Currency
Russian Ruble (RUB)
UN membership date
24 October 1945
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
764 016
1 524 917
1 849 940
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
6.4
4.5
0.6
GDP per capita (current US$)
5 319.6
10 652.0
12 897.9
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
5.0
3.9
4.1
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
38.1
34.7
36.8
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
57.0
61.4
59.1
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) ab
10.2
7.9cde
6.7
ab
cde
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
29.8
27.7
27.5
ab
cde
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
60.0
64.4
65.8
Unemployment (% of labour force) f
7.1
7.3
5.2
f
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
56.2/68.6
56.5/70.8
56.7/71.6
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
200
325
396g
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
100
94
117g
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
100
94
117g
Index of industrial production (2005=100) a
100
109
121
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
84 389
67 452
58 432
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
343 907.7
Areas nes
15.4h China
19.3
Imports
182 782.0
Netherlands
11.7 Germany
10.4
Balance
161 125.7
China
8.2 United States
6.3
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
<
Urban population (%)
2015
74.0
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.1
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.7
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
75.6/64.2
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
43
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
11 643.3/8.1
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) i
2014
32 421
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
431 210j
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
8
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
7.1
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
4.2k
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
98.9/98.2
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
99.5/101.6
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
86.2/71.5
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
9.5
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
13.6
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
155.1
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
70.5l
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
169.0
Threatened species
2015
217
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
49.8f
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013 1 789 074/12.5
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
56 266
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
214.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
8.8
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
98.9/91.3
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
77.0/58.8
Net Official Development Assistance disbursed (% of GNI) m
2014
0.1

a Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. b Persons aged 15 to 72 years. c Break in the time series. d
Excluding the institutional population. e Excluding some areas. f Estimate. g 2013. h See technical notes.
i Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders. j Stateless persons refers to census figure from
2010 adjusted to reflect the number of people who acquired nationality in 2011-2014. k 2012. l Population
age 15-72. m Some of the debt relief reported by Russia from 2014 onwards may correspond to the credits
included in these estimates. Therefore, the statistics currently published on ODA by Russia and the
estimates from the previous Chairman's reports should not be used at the same time.
170 World Statistics Pocketbook

Rwanda

Region
Eastern Africa
Surface area (sq km)
26 338
Population (proj., 000) 11 883
Pop. density (per sq km) 481.7
Capital city
Kigali
Capital city pop. (000) 1 257
Currency
Rwanda Franc (RWF)
UN membership date
18 September 1962
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
2 581
5 699
7 903
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
9.4
7.3
7.0
GDP per capita (current US$)
286.6
553.6
696.9
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) a
41.3
34.8
35.0
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) b
12.5
13.8
15.2
cd
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
46.2
51.5
49.8
e
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
78.8
...
75.3fg
e
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
3.8
...
6.7fg
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
16.4e
...
16.2fg
Unemployment (% of labour force) h
2.5
2.2
2.7
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) h
85.6/82.5
86.4/84.0
86.5/83.1
i
fj
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
138
100
123jk
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
100
145
170l
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
101
146
172l
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
98
412
1 047
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)m
(% of exports)m
(% of imports)m
Exports
653.4
United Rep. Tanzania
27.8 China
18.7
Imports
1 954.2
Dem. Rep. of Congo
23.5 Uganda
13.7
Balance
1 300.8
Uganda
12.0 Kenya
9.2
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.4
Urban population (%)
2015
28.8
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
6.4
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
4.1
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
66.3/59.7
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
78
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
441.5/3.8n
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
926
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
135 553
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
49
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
7.5
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
5.0l
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
135.1/132.0
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
40.9/37.3
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
6.6/8.5l
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
63.8
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
64.0
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
10.6h
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
3.0g
Threatened species
2015
61
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
18.9h
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
799/0.1
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
83h
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
9.0h
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
9.4
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
86.6/71.9
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
58.5/62.9
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
13.3
a Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care. b Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation
canals. c Excludes repair of personal and household goods. d Includes publishing activities and landscaping care. e Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. f Break in the time series. g 2012. h Estimate. i
Kigali. j Index base: 2010=100. k Series linked to former series. l 2013. m 2014. n Including refugees.

World Statistics Pocketbook 171

Saint Helena

Region
Western Africa
Surface area (sq km)
308 a
Population (proj., 000) 4 a
Pop. density (per sq km) 10.1 a
Capital city
Jamestown
Capital city pop. (000) 1 b
Currency
Saint Helena Pound (SHP)
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) cd
...
7.3e
...
Employment: Industry (% of employed) cd
...
20.0e
...
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) cd
...
72.7e
...
Unemployment (% of labour force)
5.2
2.0
...
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
116
155f
180
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.0a
Urban population (%)
2015
39.4a
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.6a
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
79.7/72.0g
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
49h
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
0.6/15.3a
Environment and infrastructure
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
37.6hi
Threatened species
2015
80a
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
5.1ai
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
11/3.0
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
0
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
40.0

a Including Ascension and Tristan da Cunha. b 2014. c Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. d Persons
aged 15 to 69 years. e 2008. f Series linked to former series. g 2003 - 2012. h 2012. i Estimate.

172 World Statistics Pocketbook

Saint Kitts and Nevis

Region
Caribbean
Surface area (sq km)
261
Population (proj., 000) 56
Pop. density (per sq km) 216.1
Capital city
Basseterre
Capital city pop. (000) 14 a
Currency
East Caribbean Dollar (XCD) UN membership date
23 September 1983
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
543
692
852
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
9.3
3.2
6.9
GDP per capita (current US$)
11 053.7
13 227.0
15 510.4
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
1.9
1.6
1.5
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
25.5
26.4
25.1
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
72.7
72.0
73.4
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) b
0.2c
...
...
b
c
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
48.8
...
...
b
c
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
42.1
...
...
c
Unemployment (% of labour force)
5.1
...
...
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
74.9/62.8c
...
...
d
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
111
136
149
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
91
34
42e
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
91
34
42e
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
65
139
63e
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)f
(% of exports)f
(% of imports)f
Exports
44.9
United States
81.7 United States
67.3
Imports
246.7
Antigua and Barbuda
3.1 Trinidad and Tobago
6.3
Balance
201.8
Trinidad and Tobago
2.7 United Kingdom
4.1
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.2
Urban population (%)
2015
32.0
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.3
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
70.7/68.2g
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
7.4/13.4
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
113h
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
1
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
5.1i
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
84.5/83.0
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
92.8/90.3
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
79.7/78.5
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
33.6j
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
13.3
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
139.8k
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
65.4k
Threatened species
2015
51
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
42.3k
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
279/5.1
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
73.0k
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
0.3
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
98.3/98.3
a 2014. b Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2. c 2001. d Index base: 2001=100. e 2013. f 2011. g 1998.
h Arrivals of non-resident tourists by air. i Data revision. j 2012. k Estimate.

World Statistics Pocketbook 173

Saint Lucia

Region
Caribbean
Surface area (sq km)
539 a
Population (proj., 000) 186
Pop. density (per sq km) 305.6
Capital city
Castries
Capital city pop. (000) 22 b
Currency
East Caribbean Dollar (XCD) UN membership date
18 September 1979
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
935
1 244
1 406
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
1.7
1.0
0.5
GDP per capita (current US$)
5 655.5
7 014.2
7 655.0
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
3.5
2.9
2.8
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
18.7
15.5
13.3
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
77.8
81.6
84.0
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) c
13.1
12.9d
...
c
d
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
19.3
19.6
...
c
d
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
62.5
59.6
...
e
Unemployment (% of labour force)
18.7
20.6
20.9
e
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
63.1/77.6
61.9/75.5
63.0/76.4
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
112
128
144
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
89
91
94f
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
89
91
94f
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
129
203
100f
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)b
(% of exports)b
(% of imports)b
Exports
146.3
United States
44.4 United States
45.5
Imports
642.1
Trinidad and Tobago
14.6 Trinidad and Tobago
20.8
Balance
495.8
United Kingdom
11.5 United Kingdom
4.5
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.8
Urban population (%)
2015
18.5
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.9
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.9
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
77.6/72.2
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
47
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
12.8/6.9
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
338g
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
64
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
11
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
6.7
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
4.8
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
86.2/86.7
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
22.9/10.9
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
21.6h
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
16.7
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
102.6ij
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
51.0e
Threatened species
2015
58
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
33.5e
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
407/2.2
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
0
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
33.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
0.7
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
99.5/95.6
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
84.7/91.9
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
1.4
a Refers to habitable area. Excludes St. Lucia's Forest Reserve. b 2014. c Data classified according to
ISIC Rev. 3. d 2006. e Estimate. f 2013. g Excluding nationals residing abroad. h 2012. i Break in the time
series. j Decrease due to change in operator's method of counting pre-paid subscriptions.

174 World Statistics Pocketbook

Saint Pierre and Miquelon

Region
Northern America
Surface area (sq km)
242
Population (proj., 000) 6
Pop. density (per sq km) 27.4
Capital city
Saint-Pierre
Capital city pop. (000) 5 a
Currency
Euro (EUR)
Economic indicators
2005
2010
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
114
...
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
92
109
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
92
109
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
Urban population (%)
2015
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
Environment and infrastructure
Threatened species
2015
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
a 2014. b 2013. c 2006. d Estimate.

2014
...
110b
110b
0.1
90.4
0.1
48c
1.0/15.7
7
12.4d
73/11.7
0d
162.0d

World Statistics Pocketbook 175

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Region
Caribbean
Surface area (sq km)
389
Population (proj., 000) 110
Pop. density (per sq km) 281.1
Capital city
Kingstown
Capital city pop. (000) 27 a
Currency
East Caribbean Dollar (XCD) UN membership date
16 September 1980
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
551
681
729
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
2.5
3.4
0.6
GDP per capita (current US$)
5 064.2
6 231.7
6 668.9
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
6.2
7.1
7.7
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
18.6
19.2
16.9
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
75.2
73.7
75.4
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) b
22.2c
23.8de
...
b
c
de
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
14.2
16.2
...
b
c
de
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
60.5
55.2
...
f
Unemployment (% of labour force)
19.4
19.1
19.7
f
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
53.3/78.0
55.4/77.9
56.3/77.4
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) g
109
135
156
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
104
120
119h
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
104
120
119h
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
102
208
210h
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
45.8
Barbados
17.9 United States
38.2
Imports
333.7
Saint Lucia
17.2 Trinidad and Tobago
17.6
Balance
287.9
Antigua and Barbuda
14.4 United Kingdom
7.2
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
<
Urban population (%)
2015
50.6
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.7
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
2.0
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
74.9/70.7
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
47
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
4.6/4.2
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
71i
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
17
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
8.6
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
103.0/106.3
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
103.2/106.2
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
25.6j
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
13.0
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
105.2
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
56.5f
Threatened species
2015
54
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
69.2f
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
209/1.9
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
0f
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
28.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
0.5
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
95.1/95.1
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
1.3
a 2014. b Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2. c 2001. d Break in the time series. e 2008. f Estimate.
g Saint Vincent. h 2013. i Arrivals of non-resident tourists by air. j 2012.

176 World Statistics Pocketbook

Samoa

Region
Oceania-Polynesia
Surface area (sq km)
2 842
Population (proj., 000) 195
Pop. density (per sq km) 68.7
Capital city
Apia
Capital city pop. (000) 37 a
Currency
Tala (WST)
UN membership date
15 December 1976
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
434
680
824
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
5.1
4.4
1.6
GDP per capita (current US$)
2 413.5
3 656.2
4 293.7
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) b
12.3
9.1
9.2
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) b
30.6
25.9
24.9
b
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
57.2
65.0
65.8
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
39.9cd
35.4cef
5.4eg
cd
cef
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
19.7
21.8
14.8eg
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
38.7cd
38.1cef
79.9eg
Unemployment (% of labour force) h
4.7
2.1
6.6
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) h
28.3/69.2
24.1/60.5
23.1/58.0
i
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
133
174
189j
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
102
106
110j
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
102
106
110j
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
48e
44
49
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
58.9
Australia
42.1 New Zealand
26.0
Imports
370.6
American Samoa
18.3 Singapore
15.5
Balance
311.7
New Zealand
14.9 China
14.8
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.8
Urban population (%)
2015
19.1
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.2
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
4.2
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
76.4/70.0
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
74
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
4.9/2.6
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
120
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
20
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
7.2
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
106.3/106.1
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
92.2/81.9
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
3.2j
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
6.1
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
55.5
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
21.2h
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
5.0
Threatened species
2015
90
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
60.4h
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
238/1.3
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
1
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
22.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
0.2
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
97.5/99.3
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
93.3/91.1
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
12.0
a 2014. b At producers' prices. c Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. d 2001. e Break in the time
series. f 2006. g 2012. h Estimate. i Excluding `Rent. j 2013.

World Statistics Pocketbook 177

San Marino

Region
Southern Europe
Surface area (sq km)
61
Population (proj., 000) 32
Pop. density (per sq km) 532.5
Capital city
San Marino
Capital city pop. (000) 4 a
Currency
Euro (EUR)
UN membership date
2 March 1992
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
2 027
2 139
1 845
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
2.3
4.7
1.0
GDP per capita (current US$)
69 332.8
69 708.1
58 392.9
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) b
0.1
0.1
0.1
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) c
38.2
35.6
34.6
de
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
61.7
64.4
65.4
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
0.5f
0.3g
...
f
g
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
39.3
34.3
...
f
g
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
60.2
65.4
...
Unemployment (% of labour force)
...
4.4
6.6gh
i
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
53.8/79.2
...
...
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) j
103
118
128
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.7
Urban population (%)
2015
94.2
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.6
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
86.1/81.6k
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
49lm
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
4.7/14.8
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) n
2014
75o
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
6.1
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
5.1
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
2.4p
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
92.7/93.9kq
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
95.9/93.5kq
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
69.9/50.5kq
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
0.0p
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
16.7
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
118.9q
Threatened species
2015
1
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
0.0q

a 2014. b Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care. c Excludes publishing activities, includes
irrigation canals. d Excludes repair of personal and household goods. e Includes publishing activities and
landscaping care. f Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. g Break in the time series. h Persons aged
14 years and over. i 2003. j Index base: 2003=100. k 2012. l 2013. m Data calculated on ages 0-15 years
and 66 years and older as a ratio of 16-65 years old. n Arrivals of non-resident tourists in hotels and
similar establishments. o Including Italian tourists. p 2011. q Estimate.

178 World Statistics Pocketbook

Sao Tome and Principe

Region
Middle Africa
Surface area (sq km)
964
Population (proj., 000) 194
Pop. density (per sq km) 202.5
Capital city
Sao Tome
Capital city pop. (000) 71 a
Currency
Dobra (STD)
UN membership date
16 September 1975
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
126
195
337
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
7.1
4.5
4.5
GDP per capita (current US$)
824.0
1 142.2
1 810.7
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
18.3
22.6
22.4
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
14.9
13.6
10.0
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
66.8
63.8
67.7
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
...
...
26.1b
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
...
...
21.4b
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
...
...
46.9b
Unemployment (% of labour force) c
14.8
13.8
13.9
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) c
43.4/72.9
44.6/75.2
45.2/76.1
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) d
561
1 432
2 095
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
100
102
111e
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
100
102
111e
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
36
88
104
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)a
(% of exports)a
(% of imports)a
Exports
10.5
Belgium
23.8 Portugal
61.4
Imports
169.7
Netherlands
21.0 Angola
21.5
Balance
159.2
Spain
20.0 China
2.4
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.2
Urban population (%)
2015
65.1
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
3.6
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
4.7
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
68.2/64.2
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
84
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
2.4/1.3f
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
44
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
8.4
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
3.9
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
109.4/114.0
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
69.2/62.7e
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
9.1/10.5
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
3.4g
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
18.2
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
64.9c
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
24.4c
Threatened species
2015
81
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
55.8c
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
114/0.6
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
1
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
14.0c
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
99.0/93.6
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
40.8/23.3
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
11.6
a 2014. b 2012. c Estimate. d Index base: 1996=100. e 2013. f Refers to foreign citizens. g 2011.

World Statistics Pocketbook 179

Saudi Arabia

Region
Western Asia
Surface area (sq km)
2 206 714
Population (proj., 000) 32 158
Pop. density (per sq km) 15.0
Capital city
Riyadh
Capital city pop. (000) 6 370
Currency
Saudi Riyal (SAR)
UN membership date
24 October 1945
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
328 461
526 811
752 460
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
5.6
4.8
3.6
GDP per capita (current US$)
13 273.7
18 754.0
24 362.1
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
3.2
2.4
1.9
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
61.8
58.4
57.5
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
35.0
39.2
40.6
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
4.7ab
4.1ac
4.9d
ab
ac
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
21.0
20.4
24.2d
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
74.4ab
75.5ac
70.9d
Unemployment (% of labour force) e
5.8
5.6
5.9
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) e
17.5/75.4
18.3/75.8
20.0/78.9
f
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
100
130
139
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
100
108
107d
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
100
108
108d
Index of industrial production (2005=100) a
100
112
135
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
90 060g
66 751
73 758
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)h
(% of imports)
Exports
201 491.8
Asia nes
48.1 China
14.6
Imports
163 821.0
N & C Ame nes
10.5 United States
13.4
Balance
37 670.8
Europe nes
9.5 Germany
7.2
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.3
Urban population (%)
2015
83.1
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.1
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
2.9
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
75.5/72.8
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
46
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015 10 185.9/32.3ij
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
18 259
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
70 304
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
15
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
4.7k
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
2.5l
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
108.3/109.2
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
93.8/122.6e
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
59.9/62.4
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
6.2l
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
19.9
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
179.6
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
63.7
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
32.0
Threatened species
2015
119
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
0.5e
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013 541 429/17.9
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
25 573m
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
264.0m
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
28.2
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
97.0/97.0
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
100.0/100.0

a Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. b 2002. c 2009. d 2013. e Estimate. f All cities. g Break in the
time series. h See technical notes. i Including refugees. j Refers to foreign citizens. k Data revision. l
2012. m The data for crude oil production include 50 per cent of the output of the Neutral Zone.

180 World Statistics Pocketbook

Senegal

Region
Western Africa
Surface area (sq km)
196 712 a
Population (proj., 000) 15 590
Pop. density (per sq km) 81.0
Capital city
Dakar
Capital city pop. (000) 3 520
Currency
CFA Franc (XOF)
UN membership date
28 September 1960
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
8 708
12 926
15 658
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
5.6
4.2
4.4
GDP per capita (current US$)
772.7
997.6
1 067.2
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
16.8
17.5
15.3
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
23.6
23.4
24.3
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
59.6
59.2
60.4
bc
de
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
45.6
33.7
46.1fg
bc
de
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
12.4
14.8
18.1fg
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
36.1bc
36.1de
22.4fg
Unemployment (% of labour force) h
8.5
9.3
9.7
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) h
35.6/71.2
42.4/69.6
44.9/70.0
i
fj
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
108
99
104j
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
110
151
126k
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
110
152
126k
Index of industrial production (2005=100) d
100
104
103
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
676f
589
...
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)l
(% of exports)l
(% of imports)l
Exports
2 813.7
Mali
16.8 France
16.4
Imports
6 556.7
Switzerland
9.7 Netherlands
8.2
m
Balance
3 743.0
Bunkers
8.3 Nigeria
8.0
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
3.1
Urban population (%)
2015
43.7
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
3.6
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
5.2
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
67.6/63.9
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
88
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
263.2/1.7n
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
836h
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
17 260
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
44
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
4.7
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
84.3/77.5
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
38.3/41.9gh
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
7.9o
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
42.7
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
98.8
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
17.7h
Threatened species
2015
106
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
43.4h
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
8 423/0.6
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
75
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
11.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
14.5
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
92.9/67.3
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
65.4/33.8
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
7.2
a Surface area is based on the 2002 population and housing census. b Data classified according to ISIC
Rev. 2. c 2001. d Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. e 2006. f Break in the time series. g 2011. h
Estimate. i Dakar. j Index base: 2008=100. k 2013. l 2014. m See technical notes. n Including refugees.
o 2012.

World Statistics Pocketbook 181

Serbia

Region
Southern Europe
Surface area (sq km)
88 361
Population (proj., 000) 8 813 a
Pop. density (per sq km) 100.8 a
Capital city
Belgrade
Capital city pop. (000) 1 182 b
Currency
Serbian Dinar (RSD)
UN membership date
1 November 2000
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) c
26 252
39 460
43 866
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) c
5.5
0.6
1.8
GDP per capita (current US$) c
3 528.1
5 411.9
6 154.8
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) cd
12.0
10.2
9.7
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) ce
29.3
28.4
29.8
cfg
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
58.7
61.4
60.5
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
23.3h
22.2i
21.3jkl
h
i
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
27.6
26.0
25.9jkl
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
49.1h
51.8i
52.9jkl
Unemployment (% of labour force) m
20.8
19.2
18.9
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) m
44.9/63.9
42.6/59.1
43.4/60.2
in
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
330
137
...
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
...
103
105l
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
...
103
105l
Index of industrial production (2005=100) o
100
97
96
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
...
2 692
2 635
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
13 365.2
Italy
16.2 Germany
12.4
Imports
18 215.9
Germany
12.5 Italy
10.6
Balance
4 850.7
Bosnia-Herzegovina
8.8 Russian Federation
9.6
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.5a
Urban population (%)
2015
55.6a
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.3a
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.6a
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
77.5/71.8a
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
50a
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
807.4/9.1a
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) p
2014
1 029
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
259 722a
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
10a
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
10.4
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
4.4q
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
101.4/100.9m
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
95.4/93.3m
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
66.0/50.5m
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
1.3
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
34.0
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
122.1
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
53.5m
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
30.0
Threatened species
2015
56
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
31.1m
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
44 869/5.0
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
473r
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
69.0r
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
6.8
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
99.4/98.9
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
98.2/94.2
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
0.9

a Including Kosovo. b Refers to Belgrade settlement. c Excluding Kosovo and Metohija. d Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care. e Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals. f Excludes
repair of personal and household goods. g Includes publishing activities and landscaping care. h Data
classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. i Break in the time series. j Excluding the institutional population. k
Excluding some areas. l 2013. m Estimate. n Index base: 2006=100. o Excluding water and waste management. p Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of tourism accommodation establishments. q
2012. r Excluding Kosovo.
182 World Statistics Pocketbook

Seychelles

Region
Eastern Africa
Surface area (sq km)
457
Population (proj., 000) 97
Pop. density (per sq km) 210.9
Capital city
Victoria
Capital city pop. (000) 26 a
Currency
Seychelles Rupee (SCR)
UN membership date
21 September 1976
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
919
970
1 511
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
9.0
6.0
8.7
GDP per capita (current US$)
10 356.5
10 420.8
15 758.6
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) b
3.9
2.7
2.4
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) c
19.4
16.5
15.9
de
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
76.8
80.8
81.6
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) fg
...
...
3.6h
fg
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
...
...
17.9h
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) fg
...
...
78.2h
Unemployment (% of labour force)
5.5i
...
4.1fgh
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) fg
...
...
61.9/68.3h
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
115
215
250
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
98
91
110j
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
98
94
114j
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
188
214
310
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.7
Urban population (%)
2015
53.9
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.1
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
2.3
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
77.9/68.7
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
44
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
12.8/13.3
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
233
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
10
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
3.4
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
1.1k
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
3.6h
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
104.7/103.6
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
75.4/73.9
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
9.4/3.8
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
43.8
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
162.2
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
54.3l
Threatened species
2015
435
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
89.4l
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
645/6.8
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
0
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
94.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
0.1
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
95.7/95.7
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
98.4/98.4
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
0.7
a 2014. b Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care. c Excludes publishing activities, includes
irrigation canals. d Includes publishing activities and landscaping care. e Excludes repair of personal and
household goods. f Excluding the institutional population. g Excluding some areas. h 2011. i Break in the
time series. j 2013. k 2012. l Estimate.

World Statistics Pocketbook 183

Sierra Leone

Region
Western Africa
Surface area (sq km)
72 300
Population (proj., 000) 6 592
Pop. density (per sq km) 91.3
Capital city
Freetown
Capital city pop. (000) 1 007
Currency
Leone (SLL)
UN membership date
27 September 1961
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
1 651
2 578
4 893
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
4.5
5.4
7.0
GDP per capita (current US$)
325.5
446.4
774.8
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
51.0
55.2
52.3
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
11.6
8.1
15.2
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
37.4
36.7
32.4
a
bc
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
68.5
...
...
a
bc
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
6.5
...
...
a
bc
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
25.0
...
...
Unemployment (% of labour force) d
3.4
3.4
3.4
d
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
65.1/66.7
65.1/67.9
65.0/68.5
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) e
132
239f
370
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
93
149
169g
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
93
149
169g
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
171
746
1 317
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)h
(% of exports)h
(% of imports)h
Exports
279.3
China
86.4 Benin
35.6
Imports
2 056.8
Guinea
3.0 Belgium
14.2
Balance
1 777.5
Netherlands
2.8 China
8.2
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.2
Urban population (%)
2015
39.9
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.8
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
4.8
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
50.7/49.7
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
82
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
91.2/1.4i
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
44j
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
1 387
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
94
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
11.1k
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
2.8
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
129.8/130.3g
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
40.0/46.9g
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
1.9l
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
12.4
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
76.7d
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
2.1d
Threatened species
2015
158
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
40.4d
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
1 192/0.2
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
52
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
11.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
3.8
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
84.9/47.8
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
22.9/6.9
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
20.9
a Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. b Persons aged 10 years and over. c 2004. d Estimate. e Index
base: 2003=100. f Series linked to former series. g 2013. h 2014. i Including refugees. j Arrivals by air.
k Data revision. l 2012.

184 World Statistics Pocketbook

Singapore

Region
South-Eastern Asia
Surface area (sq km)
718 a
Population (proj., 000) 5 697
Pop. density (per sq km) 8 137.9
Capital city
Singapore
Capital city pop. (000) 5 619
Currency
Singapore Dollar (SGD)
UN membership date
21 September 1965
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
127 418
236 420
307 872
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
7.5
15.2
2.9
GDP per capita (current US$)
28 343.2
46 548.9
55 909.8
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) bc
0.1
<
<
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) de
32.4
27.6
24.9
fg
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
67.6
72.3
75.0
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
1.1hij
...
...
hij
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
21.7
30.4
28.3
hij
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
77.3
68.9
70.6
Unemployment (% of labour force) k
4.1
3.1
2.8
k
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
53.5/76.7
57.3/77.5
58.5/76.7
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
103
117
132l
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
90
92
112l
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
90
92
112l
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
27 868
55 943
58 772
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
346 638.0
China
13.8 China
14.2
Imports
296 744.6
China, Hong Kong SAR 11.4 United States
11.2
Balance
49 893.4
Malaysia
10.9 Malaysia
11.1
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.0
Urban population (%)
2015
100.0
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.0
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.2
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
85.6/79.6
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
37
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
2 543.6/45.4
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
11 864
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
1
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
2
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
4.9
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
2.0
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
2.9l
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
0.3
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
23.1
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
158.1k
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
82.0k
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
238.0
Threatened species
2015
287
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
23.1k
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
50 557/9.4
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
0
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
207.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
3.4
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
100.0/...
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
100.0/...
a The land area of Singapore comprises the mainland and other islands. b Excludes irrigation canals and
landscaping care. c Includes mining and quarrying. d Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation
canals. e Excludes mining and quarrying. f Excludes repair of personal and household goods. g Includes
publishing activities and landscaping care. h Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. i Data refer to
permanent residents. j Agriculture includes mining and quarrying, electricity, gas and water supply and
not classifiable by economic activity. k Estimate. l 2013.

World Statistics Pocketbook 185

Sint Maarten (Dutch part)

Region
Caribbean
Surface area (sq km)
34
Population (proj., 000) 40
Pop. density (per sq km) 1 162.9
Capital city
Philipsburg
Capital city pop. (000) 1 a
Currency
Netherlands Antillean Guilder (ANG)
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
705
892
1 059
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
...
1.1
1.7
GDP per capita (current US$)
21 662.5
26 937.1
28 084.1
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
0.5
0.2
0.1
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
16.0
13.0
12.0
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
83.5
86.8
87.9
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
...
...
47
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
3.1
Urban population (%)
2015
100.0
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.0
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
27.3/70.5
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
500bc
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
8
Environment and infrastructure
Threatened species
2015
49
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
763/20.9
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
327.0d
a 2001. b Arrivals by air. c Including arrivals to Saint Martin (the French side of the island). d Estimate.

186 World Statistics Pocketbook

Slovakia

Region
Eastern Europe
Surface area (sq km)
49 035 a
Population (proj., 000) 5 429
Pop. density (per sq km) 112.9
Capital city
Bratislava
Capital city pop. (000) 401
Currency
Euro (EUR)
UN membership date
19 January 1993
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
48 805
89 249
100 249
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
6.4
5.1
2.5
GDP per capita (current US$)
9 062.9
16 506.6
18 486.3
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) b
3.6
2.8
4.4
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) c
36.1
35.2
33.6
de
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
60.3
62.0
62.0
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
4.7fg
3.2
3.5
fg
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
38.9
37.2
35.5
fg
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
56.2
59.5
60.9
Unemployment (% of labour force) h
16.3
14.4
13.2
h
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
51.2/68.5
50.8/67.8
51.4/68.4
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
133
153
167
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
102
82
89i
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
102
82
89i
Index of industrial production (2005=100) j
100
127
158
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
5 125
4 211
176
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
75 256.9
Germany
22.7 Germany
15.4
Imports
73 147.0
Czech Republic
12.4 Czech Republic
10.9
Balance
2 109.9
Poland
8.3 Europe nes
10.6k
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.1
Urban population (%)
2015
53.6
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.3
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.4
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
79.7/72.2
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
41
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
177.2/3.3
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
6 235l
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
2 531m
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
5
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
8.1
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
3.3l
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
4.1i
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
100.4/101.6
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
92.4/91.5
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
64.6/41.8
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
1.1
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
18.7
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
116.9
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
80.0n
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
44.0
Threatened species
2015
45
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
40.3h
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
33 678/6.2
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
269
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
131.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
36.6
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
100.0/100.0
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
99.4/98.2
Net Official Development Assistance disbursed (% of GNI) o
2014
0.1

a Excluding inland water. b Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care. c Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals. d Excludes repair of personal and household goods. e Includes
publishing activities and landscaping care. f Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. g Break in the time
series. h Estimate. i 2013. j Excluding water and waste management. k See technical notes. l 2012. m
Refugee population relates to the end of 2014. n Population age 16-74. o Development Assistance Committee member (OECD).
World Statistics Pocketbook 187

Slovenia

Region
Southern Europe
Surface area (sq km)
20 273
Population (proj., 000) 2 069
Pop. density (per sq km) 102.8
Capital city
Ljubljana
Capital city pop. (000) 279 a
Currency
Euro (EUR)
UN membership date
22 May 1992
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
36 345
48 014
49 491
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
4.0
1.2
3.1
GDP per capita (current US$)
18 204.1
23 393.0
23 954.4
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) b
2.6
2.0
2.2
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) c
34.1
30.6
33.2
de
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
63.3
67.4
64.6
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
7.3fg
7.0
7.7
fg
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
37.7
33.1
31.5
fg
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
54.5
59.5
60.2
Unemployment (% of labour force) h
6.5
7.2
9.7
h
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
52.8/66.0
53.2/65.5
52.4/63.3
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
131
150
160
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
99
92
81i
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
99
92
81i
Index of industrial production (2005=100) j
100
103
104
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
681
55
3 451
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
26 616.0
Germany
20.6 Germany
17.3
Imports
25 763.9
Italy
11.2 Italy
14.4
Balance
852.1
Austria
8.3 Austria
8.6
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.2
Urban population (%)
2015
49.7
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.1
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.6
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
83.1/76.9
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
49
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
236.0/11.4
k
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
2 411
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
330
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
3
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
9.2
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
5.7l
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
99.4/99.2
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
110.5/110.8
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
98.5/68.2
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
0.7
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
36.7
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
112.1
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
71.6m
Threatened species
2015
125
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
62.0h
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
14 441/7.0
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
149
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
139.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
54.0
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
99.7/99.4
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
99.1/99.1
Net Official Development Assistance disbursed (% of GNI) n
2014
0.1

a 2014. b Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care. c Excludes publishing activities, includes
irrigation canals. d Excludes repair of personal and household goods. e Includes publishing activities and
landscaping care. f Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. g Break in the time series. h Estimate. i 2013.
j Excluding water and waste management. k Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of tourism
accommodation establishments. l 2012. m Population age 16-74. n Development Assistance Committee
member (OECD).

188 World Statistics Pocketbook

Solomon Islands

Region
Oceania-Melanesia
Surface area (sq km)
28 896
Population (proj., 000) 595
Pop. density (per sq km) 21.3
Capital city
Honiara
Capital city pop. (000) 73 a
Currency
Solomon Is. Dollar (SBD) b UN membership date
19 September 1978
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
429
720
1 103
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
12.9
10.6
1.5
GDP per capita (current US$)
915.1
1 367.6
1 927.2
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
30.4
28.7
28.2
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
7.5
13.3
15.8
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
62.1
57.9
56.0
c
Unemployment (% of labour force)
39.7
35.6
33.9
c
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
61.3/74.3
61.2/74.2
61.2/73.6
d
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
149
226
271e
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
103
110
118e
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
103
110
118e
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
90
144
50
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
400.4
China
58.0 Australia
28.9
Imports
465.8
United Kingdom
7.4 Singapore
17.1
Balance
65.4
India
7.2 Malaysia
10.7
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.1
Urban population (%)
2015
22.3
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
4.3
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
4.1
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
69.0/66.2
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
75
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
2.6/0.4
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
20
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
3
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
38
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
5.1
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
112.1/115.5
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
47.0/49.8f
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
2.0
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
65.8
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
9.0c
Threatened species
2015
238
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
78.5c
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
198/0.4
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
3c
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
11.0c
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
0.2
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
93.2/77.2
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
81.4/15.0
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
18.1
a 2014. b Solomon Islands Dollar. c Estimate. d Honiara. e 2013. f 2012.

World Statistics Pocketbook 189

Somalia

Region
Eastern Africa
Surface area (sq km)
637 657
Population (proj., 000) 11 079
Pop. density (per sq km) 17.7
Capital city
Mogadishu
Capital city pop. (000) 2 138
Currency
Somali Shilling (SOS)
UN membership date
20 September 1960
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
2 316
1 071
1 375
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
3.0
2.6
2.6
GDP per capita (current US$)
273.5
111.8
130.7
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
60.1
60.2
60.2
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
7.4
7.4
7.4
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
32.6
32.5
32.5
a
Unemployment (% of labour force)
7.5
7.5
7.5
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) a
32.4/76.8
32.4/76.3
33.2/75.9
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
100
104
117b
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
100
104
117b
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.4
Urban population (%)
2015
39.6
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
4.1
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
6.6
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
56.5/53.3
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
98
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
25.3/0.2ac
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
1 164 975
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
79
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
5.6d
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
13.8
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
50.9a
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
1.6a
Threatened species
2015
165
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
10.4a
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
623/0.1
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
125
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
12.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
0.3
a Estimate. b 2013. c Including refugees. d 2012.

190 World Statistics Pocketbook

South Africa

Region
Southern Africa
Surface area (sq km)
1 221 037
Population (proj., 000) 54 979
Pop. density (per sq km) 45.3
a
Capital city
Pretoria
Capital city pop. (000) 2 059
Currency
Rand (ZAR)
UN membership date
7 November 1945
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
257 772
375 348
349 819
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
5.3
3.0
1.5
GDP per capita (current US$)
5 331.0
7 271.2
6 481.8
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
2.7
2.6
2.5
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
30.3
30.2
29.5
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
67.1
67.2
68.1
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) b
5.8c
4.9de
4.6de
b
c
de
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
25.3
24.5
23.5de
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) b
59.1c
70.6de
71.9de
Unemployment (% of labour force) f
23.8
24.7
24.9
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) f
46.7/61.5
43.8/59.4
46.1/59.8
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
128
142
176
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
102
118
122g
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
102
118
123g
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
8 015
5 492
19 086
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
69 631.1
China
8.3 China
18.3
Imports
79 590.9
United States
7.5 Germany
11.8
Balance
9 959.8
Germany
6.1 United States
6.7
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.1
Urban population (%)
2015
64.8
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.6
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
2.4
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
59.1/54.9
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
52
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
3 142.5/5.8h
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
9 549ei
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
912 592
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
38
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
8.8
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
0.8
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
6.1
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
97.3/102.2
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
103.8/85.3f
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
23.5/16.0g
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
33.0
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
42.0
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
149.7
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
49.0f
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
15.0
Threatened species
2015
527
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
7.6f
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
471 239/8.8
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
6 999
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
119.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
10.2
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
99.6/81.4
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
69.6/60.5
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
0.3

a Pretoria is the administrative capital, Cape Town is the legislative capital and Bloemfontein is the
judiciary capital. b Persons aged 15 to 64 years. c Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2. d Data classified
according to ISIC Rev. 3. e Break in the time series. f Estimate. g 2013. h Including refugees. i Excluding
transit.

World Statistics Pocketbook 191

South Sudan

Region
Eastern Africa
Surface area (sq km)
658 841
Population (proj., 000) 12 733
Pop. density (per sq km) 20.8
Capital city
Juba
Capital city pop. (000) 321
Currency
S. Sudanese Pound (SSP) a UN membership date
14 July 2011
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
...
15 720
11 007
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
...
5.5
2.9
GDP per capita (current US$)
...
1 563.2
924.1
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
...
5.1
4.2
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
...
55.4
59.0
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
...
39.4
36.9
Unemployment (% of labour force) b
...
13.7c
...
d
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
70.5/77.1
70.8/76.1
71.1/75.2
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
4.1
Urban population (%)
2015
18.8
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
5.1
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
5.2
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
56.0/54.1
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
84
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
824.1/6.7e
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
2 058 533f
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
78
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
2.7g
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
0.8h
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
67.0/101.1h
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
13.9i
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
26.5
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
24.5
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
15.9d
Threatened species
2015
42
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
1 448/0.1
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
217
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
2.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
20.8
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
66.8/56.9
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
16.4/4.5
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
20.0

a South Sudanese Pound. b Persons aged 10 years and over. c 2008. d Estimate. e Including refugees. f
IDP figure in South Sudan includes 105,000 people who are in an IDP-like situation. g Estimates should
be viewed with caution as these are derived from scarce data. h 2011. i 2012.

192 World Statistics Pocketbook

Spain

Region
Southern Europe
Surface area (sq km)
505 970
Population (proj., 000) 46 065 a
Pop. density (per sq km) 92.4 a
Capital city
Madrid
Capital city pop. (000) 6 199
Currency
Euro (EUR)
UN membership date
14 December 1955
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
1 157 248
1 431 588
1 381 342
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
3.7
0.0
1.4
GDP per capita (current US$)
26 388.2
30 719.8
29 860.6
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) b
3.0
2.6
2.5
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) c
30.4
26.0
22.4
de
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
66.5
71.4
75.1
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
5.2f
4.1
4.2
f
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
29.7
23.1
19.5
f
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
65.1
72.8
76.3
Unemployment (% of labour force) g
9.1
19.9
24.4
g
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
45.9/68.3
51.4/67.5
52.5/65.1
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) h
114
128
137
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
95
103
109i
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
94
104
110i
Index of industrial production (2005=100) j
100
83
76
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
87 006
56 363
12 808
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
278 122.0
France
15.5 Germany
13.1
Imports
305 266.0
Germany
10.8 France
10.8
Balance
27 144.0
Italy
7.5 China
8.7
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.2a
Urban population (%)
2015
79.6a
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.7a
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.3a
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
85.1/79.4a
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
51a
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
5 853.0/12.7a
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
64 995
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
17 258k
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
3a
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
9.0
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
5.0
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
4.3i
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
105.3/104.1
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
130.4/129.9
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
96.9/81.5
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
0.7
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
40.0
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
107.9gl
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
76.2m
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
95.0
Threatened species
2015
551
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
36.7g
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
236 969/5.1
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
1 508n
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
106.0n
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
10.2
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
100.0/100.0
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
99.8/100.0
Net Official Development Assistance disbursed (% of GNI) o
2014
0.1

a Including Canary Islands, Ceuta and Melilla. b Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care. c Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals. d Excludes repair of personal and household goods.
e Includes publishing activities and landscaping care. f Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. g Estimate.
h Index base: 2001=100. i 2013. j Excluding water and waste management. k Refugee population relates
to the end of 2014. l Data refers to the fourth quarter. m Population age 16-74. n Data include the Canary
Islands. o Development Assistance Committee member (OECD).
World Statistics Pocketbook 193

Sri Lanka

Region
Southern Asia
Surface area (sq km)
65 610
Population (proj., 000) 20 811
Pop. density (per sq km) 331.9
a
Capital city
Colombo
Capital city pop. (000) 707
Currency
Sri Lanka Rupee (LKR)
UN membership date
14 December 1955
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
24 406
49 566
74 941
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
6.2
8.0
7.4
GDP per capita (current US$)
1 249.9
2 453.6
3 634.6
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) b
11.8
12.8
9.9
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) b
30.2
29.4
33.8
b
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
58.0
57.8
56.3
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
30.7cde
32.7cef
30.4d
cde
cef
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
25.6
24.2
25.5d
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
38.4cde
40.4cef
43.4d
Unemployment (% of labour force) g
7.7
4.9
4.3
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) g
34.4/76.2
34.6/76.6
30.1/76.0
h
di
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
160
219
278i
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
102
124
136j
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
102
125
141j
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
743
1 127
2 018
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
10 439.7
United States
26.8
Imports
18 967.2
United Kingdom
9.9 China
19.7
Balance
8 527.5
Japan
7.3
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.5
Urban population (%)
2015
18.4
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.8
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
2.1
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
78.0/71.2
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
51
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
38.7/0.2k
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
1 527l
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
51 808m
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
8
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
3.5
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
1.6j
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
100.1/102.4
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
102.0/97.5j
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
24.7/16.6
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
2.9j
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
5.8
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
103.2
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
25.8g
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
16.0j
Threatened species
2015
580
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
33.2g
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
16 025/0.8
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
184
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
19.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
2.6
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
98.5/95.0
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
88.1/96.7
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
0.7

a Colombo is the capital and Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte is the legislative capital. b At producers' prices.
c Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. d Break in the time series. e Persons aged 10 years and over.
f Excluding the Northern province. g Estimate. h Colombo. i Index base: 2002=100. j 2013. k Including
refugees. l Excluding nationals residing abroad. m The statistics of the remaining IDPs as at mid-2015,
while provided by the Government authorities at the district level, are being reviewed by the central
authorities. Once this review has been concluded, the statistics will be changed accordingly.

194 World Statistics Pocketbook

State of Palestine

Region
Western Asia
Surface area (sq km)
6 020
Population (proj., 000) 4 797 a
Pop. density (per sq km) 796.9 a
b
Capital city
East Jerusalem
Capital city pop. (000) 256 c
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
4 832
8 913
12 766
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
10.8
8.1
0.4
GDP per capita (current US$)
1 349.9
2 190.6
2 810.6
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) d
5.8
6.4
5.5
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) e
25.8
23.3
23.4
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) fg
68.3
70.2
71.1
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
14.6h
11.8ij
10.5kl
h
ij
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
26.3
24.6
28.4kl
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
59.1h
63.6ij
61.1kl
Unemployment (% of labour force) m
23.6
23.7
26.9
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) m
14.1/66.8
14.8/66.2
17.6/68.8
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
119
148
162n
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
107
81
93l
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
107
81
93l
Index of industrial production (2005=100)
100
115
130
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
1 365
1 307
1 387
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)c
(% of exports)c
(% of imports)c
Exports
943.7
Israel
83.9 Israel
69.6
Imports
5 683.2
Jordan
7.0 Turkey
5.7
Balance
4 739.5
United Arab Emirates
1.5 China
5.0
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.8a
Urban population (%)
2015
75.3a
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.8a
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
4.3a
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
74.7/70.7a
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
76a
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
255.5/5.5ao
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) p
2014
556q
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
3
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
21a
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
94.6/95.3
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
86.2/78.5
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
53.8/34.6
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
0.6r
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
72.1
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
53.7s
Threatened species
2015
24
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
1.5m
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
2 439/0.6
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
8
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
14.0
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
50.7/81.5
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
93.1/90.2

a Including East Jerusalem. b Designation and data provided by the State of Palestine. The position of
the United Nations on Jerusalem is stated in A/RES/181 (II) and subsequent General Assembly and
Security Council resolutions. c 2014. d Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care. e Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals. f Excludes repair of personal and household goods. g Includes
publishing activities and landscaping care. h Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. i Data classified
according to ISIC Rev. 2. j Services includes electricity, gas and water. k Break in the time series. l 2013.
m Estimate. n Series linked to former series. o Refugees are not part of the foreign-born migrant stock
in the State of Palestine. p Arrivals of non-resident tourists in hotels and similar establishments. q West
Bank only. r 2012. s Population age 10+.

World Statistics Pocketbook 195

Sudan

Region
Northern Africa
Surface area (sq km)
...
Population (proj., 000) 41 176
Pop. density (per sq km) 23.3
Capital city
Khartoum
Capital city pop. (000) 5 129
Currency
Sudanese Pound (SDG)
UN membership date
12 November 1956
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
...
53 945
81 894
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
...
6.9
3.1
GDP per capita (current US$)
...
1 493.7
2 081.2
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
...
42.9
32.2
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
...
13.7
21.9
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
...
43.4
45.9
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
...
...
44.6a
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
...
...
15.3a
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
...
...
40.1a
Unemployment (% of labour force) b
14.0
13.0
13.3
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) b
24.5/73.9
23.2/72.9
24.2/72.1
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
2 473
1 725
4 852c
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.2
Urban population (%)
2015
33.8
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.5
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
4.5
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
64.6/61.6
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
78
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
503.5/1.3d
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
684e
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
2 767 909f
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
53
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
8.4gh
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
66.7/74.1i
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
41.5/43.9i
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
17.9/16.0i
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
6.5j
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
30.5
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
72.2
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
24.6b
Threatened species
2015
123
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
15 445/0.4
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
672
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
16.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
1.7
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
1.2

a 2011. b Estimate. c Break in the time series. d Including refugees. e Including nationals residing abroad.
f IDP figure in Sudan includes 77,300 people who are in an IDP-like situation. g Data revision. h Estimates
should be viewed with caution as these are derived from scarce data. i 2013. j 2012.

196 World Statistics Pocketbook

Suriname

Region
South America
Surface area (sq km)
163 820
Population (proj., 000) 548
Pop. density (per sq km) 3.5
Capital city
Paramaribo
Capital city pop. (000) 234 ab
Currency
Surinam Dollar (SRD)
UN membership date
4 December 1975
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
2 193
4 368
5 210
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
3.9
5.2
1.8
GDP per capita (current US$)
4 457.4
8 430.9
9 680.2
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
11.3
10.2
9.9
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
37.4
37.9
32.6
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
51.3
51.9
57.6
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
8.0cd
...
3.2ef
cd
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
23.0
...
22.4ef
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
64.3cd
...
72.9ef
Unemployment (% of labour force) g
8.5
7.6
6.9
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) g
37.6/67.2
39.9/68.4
40.5/68.6
hi
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
171
249
324
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
99
137
146f
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
99
137
146f
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
144
651
415
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)a
(% of exports)a
(% of imports)a
Exports
1 917.7
United States
24.3 United States
27.5
Imports
1 826.7
United Arab Emirates 22.0 Netherlands
14.4
Balance
91.0
Switzerland
13.6 Trinidad and Tobago
10.6
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.9
Urban population (%)
2015
66.0
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.8
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
2.4
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
74.2/67.8
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
51
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
46.8/8.6j
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
252
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
1
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
17
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
5.7
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
118.3/121.6
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
89.2/68.2f
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
9.5k
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
25.5
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
170.6g
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
40.1g
Threatened species
2015
76
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
98.3g
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
2 101/3.9
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
42
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
65.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
8.6
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
98.1/88.4
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
88.4/61.4

a 2014. b Refers to the total population of the District of Paramaribo. c Data classified according to ISIC
Rev. 3. d 2004. e Break in the time series. f 2013. g Estimate. h Index base: 2001=100. i Paramaribo. j
Refers to foreign citizens. k 2012.

World Statistics Pocketbook 197

Swaziland

Region
Southern Africa
Surface area (sq km)
17 363
Population (proj., 000) 1 304
Pop. density (per sq km) 75.8
a
Capital city
Mbabane
Capital city pop. (000) 66 b
Currency
Lilangeni (SZL)
UN membership date
24 September 1968
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
3 200
4 548
4 482
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
4.4
1.5
2.6
GDP per capita (current US$)
2 896.9
3 812.0
3 531.8
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
6.8
6.5
6.0
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
43.7
43.2
44.3
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
49.5
50.3
49.8
Unemployment (% of labour force) c
25.5
28.0
26.1
c
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
35.1/64.3
37.8/62.7
39.7/63.6
def
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
140
127
164f
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
103
104
112g
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
103
104
113g
Index of industrial production (2005=100)
...
132
153
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
103
389
58
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.5
Urban population (%)
2015
21.3
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.3
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
3.4
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
48.5/49.7
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
69
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
31.6/2.5h
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
968g
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
864
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
65
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
9.3
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
8.6i
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
108.3/118.2g
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
62.4/63.6g
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
5.5/5.2g
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
6.2
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
72.3c
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
27.1c
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
2.0j
Threatened species
2015
34
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
33.5c
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
1 089/0.9
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
38
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
39.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
4.0
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
93.6/68.9
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
63.1/56.0
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
2.7
a Mbabane is the administrative capital and Lobamba is the legislative capital. b 2014. c Estimate. d
Series linked to former series. e Break in the time series. f Index base: 2007=100. g 2013. h Including
refugees. i 2011. j 2012.

198 World Statistics Pocketbook

Sweden

Region
Northern Europe
Surface area (sq km)
450 295
Population (proj., 000) 9 852
Pop. density (per sq km) 24.0
Capital city
Stockholm
Capital city pop. (000) 1 486 a
Currency
Swedish Krona (SEK)
UN membership date
19 November 1946
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
389 043
488 378
571 090
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
2.8
6.0
2.3
GDP per capita (current US$)
43 082.6
52 053.1
58 855.6
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) b
1.1
1.6
1.4
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) c
29.7
28.9
26.0
de
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
69.2
69.4
72.6
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
2.0fg
1.8
1.7
fg
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
22.0
20.0
18.7
fg
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
75.6
77.9
79.0
Unemployment (% of labour force) h
7.5
8.6
8.0
h
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
59.3/68.2
59.0/68.1
60.9/68.3
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
108
116
120
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
100
94
96i
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
100
94
96i
Index of industrial production (2005=100) j
100
93
88
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
26 423
29 402
32 640
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
140 089.8
Norway
10.1 Germany
18.0
Imports
137 986.7
Germany
10.0 Netherlands
8.3
Balance
2 103.1
United States
7.3 Norway
8.2
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.8
Urban population (%)
2015
85.8
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.8
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.9
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
83.7/80.1
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
59
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
1 639.8/16.8
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
10 522
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
225 509k
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
3
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
11.9
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
3.9l
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
7.7i
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
124.3/117.7
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
141.6/124.8
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
76.0/49.4
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
0.9
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
43.6
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
127.8h
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
92.5m
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
604.0
Threatened species
2015
36
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
68.9h
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
44 327/4.6
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
1 450
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
212.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
13.0
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
100.0/100.0
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
99.3/99.7
Net Official Development Assistance disbursed (% of GNI) n
2014
1.1

a Refers to 'ttort' (according to the administrative divisions of 2005). b Excludes irrigation canals and
landscaping care. c Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals. d Excludes repair of personal
and household goods. e Includes publishing activities and landscaping care. f Data classified according
to ISIC Rev. 3. g Break in the time series. h Estimate. i 2013. j Excluding water and waste management.
k Refugee population relates to the end of 2014. l 2011. m Population age 16-74. n Development Assistance Committee member (OECD).
World Statistics Pocketbook 199

Switzerland

Region
Western Europe
Surface area (sq km)
41 285
Population (proj., 000) 8 380
Pop. density (per sq km) 212.1
Capital city
Bern
Capital city pop. (000) 358
Currency
Swiss Franc (CHF)
UN membership date
10 September 2002
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
407 543
581 209
701 037
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
3.0
3.0
1.9
GDP per capita (current US$)
55 009.4
74 223.4
85 373.8
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) a
0.9
0.7
0.8
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) b
26.8
26.3
26.3
cd
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
72.3
73.0
73.0
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
3.5e
3.0
3.2
e
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
22.5
21.3
20.1
e
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
73.4
71.2
73.9
Unemployment (% of labour force) f
4.4
4.5
4.5
f
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
59.5/75.0
60.8/75.3
62.7/74.9
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
104
109
108
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
99
103
101g
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
99
103
101g
Index of industrial production (2005=100) h
100
119
130
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
57 530
86 601
61 539
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)i
(% of exports)i
(% of imports)i
Exports
291 959.2
Germany
14.2 Germany
20.6
Imports
253 152.5
United States
10.6 United Kingdom
12.8
Balance
38 806.7
China, Hong Kong SAR 8.7 United States
8.0
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.2
Urban population (%)
2015
73.9
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.1
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.5
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
84.7/80.4
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
49
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
2 438.7/29.4
j
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
9 158k
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
86 551
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
4
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
11.7
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
4.1l
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
5.1l
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
103.3/103.2
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
98.2/101.3
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
57.7/56.8
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
0.5
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
32.0
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
140.5f
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
87.0mn
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
1 018.0
Threatened species
2015
62
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
31.5f
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
40 348/5.0
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
539i
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
136.0i
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
9.9
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
100.0/100.0
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
99.9/99.8
Net Official Development Assistance disbursed (% of GNI) o
2014
0.5
a Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care. b Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation
canals. c Excludes repair of personal and household goods. d Includes publishing activities and landscaping care. e Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. f Estimate. g 2013. h Excluding water and waste
management. i Including Liechtenstein. j Arrivals of non-resident tourists in hotels and similar establishments. k Including health establishments. l 2012. m Users in the last 6 months. n Persons aged 14
years and over. o Development Assistance Committee member (OECD).
200 World Statistics Pocketbook

Syrian Arab Republic

Region
Western Asia
Surface area (sq km)
185 180
Population (proj., 000) 18 564
Pop. density (per sq km) 101.1
Capital city
Damascus
Capital city pop. (000) 2 566 a
Currency
Syrian Pound (SYP)
UN membership date
24 October 1945
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
28 397
60 465
34 184
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
6.2
3.4
0.4
GDP per capita (current US$)
1 566.1
2 918.1
1 821.0
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) b
20.3
19.7
20.6
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) b
31.2
30.7
30.2
b
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
48.5
49.6
49.2
c
d
e
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
27.0
15.2
13.2f
c
d
e
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
25.6
32.9
31.4f
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) c
47.4d
53.0e
55.3f
Unemployment (% of labour force) g
9.2
8.4
13.2
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) g
16.3/76.1
13.3/72.7
12.3/71.6
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
122
173
473h
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
100
89
79h
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
99
92
82h
Index of industrial production (2005=100) c
100
98
...
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
295
367
...
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.3
Urban population (%)
2015
57.7
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.4
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
3.0
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
76.3/64.0
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
70
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
875.2/4.7ij
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
7 946 539k
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
18
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
3.3l
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
78.7/81.4h
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
50.5/50.5h
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
33.6/32.4h
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
12.4
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
71.0
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
28.1g
Threatened species
2015
108
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
2.7g
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
36 065/1.9
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
316
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
28.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
0.7
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
92.3/87.2
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
96.2/95.1

a Excluding refugees or internally displaced persons (if applicable). b At producers' prices. c Data classified
according to ISIC Rev. 3. d 2003. e Break in the time series. f 2011. g Estimate. h 2013. i Including refugees.
j Refers to foreign citizens. k Refugee figure for Iraqis in the Syrian Arab Republic is a Government
estimate. UNHCR has registered and is assisting 23,500 Iraqis at mid-2015. l The exchange rate used for
the Syrian Arab Republic is the rate for non-commercial transactions from the Central Bank of Syria.

World Statistics Pocketbook 201

Tajikistan

Region
Central Asia
Surface area (sq km)
142 600
Population (proj., 000) 8 670
Pop. density (per sq km) 61.9
Capital city
Dushanbe
Capital city pop. (000) 822
Currency
Somoni (TJS)
UN membership date
2 March 1992
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
2 312
5 642
9 242
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
6.7
6.5
6.7
GDP per capita (current US$)
339.8
744.2
1 114.0
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
23.8
21.9
27.2
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
30.7
27.9
25.5
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
45.6
50.3
47.3
ab
cde
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
55.5
52.9
...
ab
cde
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
17.9
15.6
...
ab
cde
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
26.2
31.1
...
f
Unemployment (% of labour force)
11.8
11.6
10.9
f
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
57.7/74.7
58.3/76.3
59.3/77.3
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
99
123
154g
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
99
137
170g
Index of industrial production (2005=100) a
100
114
145
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
19
370
946c
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.2
Urban population (%)
2015
26.8
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.6
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
3.6
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
72.8/65.9
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
61
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
275.1/3.2
h
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
213
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
11 943i
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
40
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
6.9
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
1.9
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
4.0j
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
97.1/97.5
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
83.1/92.5g
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
18.4/30.4
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
1.4g
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
19.0
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
95.1f
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
17.5f
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
1.0j
Threatened species
2015
41
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
2.9f
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
3 586/0.4
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
72
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
13.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
21.9
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
93.1/66.7
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
93.8/95.5
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
3.9
a Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. b 2004. c Break in the time series. d Persons aged 15 to 75
years. e 2009. f Estimate. g 2013. h Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders. i Figure refers
to a registration exercise in three regions and 637 persons registered as stateless by the Ministry of
Internal Affairs of Tajikistan. j 2012.

202 World Statistics Pocketbook

Thailand

Region
South-Eastern Asia
Surface area (sq km)
513 120
Population (proj., 000) 68 147
Pop. density (per sq km) 133.4
Capital city
Bangkok
Capital city pop. (000) 9 270
Currency
Baht (THB)
UN membership date
16 December 1946
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
189 318
340 923
404 824
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
4.2
7.5
0.9
GDP per capita (current US$)
2 874.4
5 111.9
5 977.4
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) a
9.2
10.5
10.5
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) a
38.6
40.0
36.9
a
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
52.2
49.4
52.7
b
bc
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
42.6
38.2
41.9cd
b
bc
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
20.2
20.6
20.3cd
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
37.1b
41.0bc
37.5cd
Unemployment (% of labour force) e
1.3
1.0
0.8
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) e
66.0/81.4
64.4/81.0
63.1/80.3
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
112
129
144
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
98
113
129d
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
98
115
129d
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
7 647c
9 945
15 413
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
210 883.4
United States
11.2 China
20.3
Imports
202 019.4
China
11.1 Japan
15.4
Balance
8 864.0
Japan
9.4 United States
6.9
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.4
Urban population (%)
2015
50.4
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
3.0
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.5
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
77.6/70.8
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
39
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
3 913.3/5.8f
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
24 810
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
625 256g
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
11
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
6.5
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
4.1d
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
104.1/103.3
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
89.3/83.2d
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
60.0/45.0
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
3.9
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
6.1
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
144.4
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
34.9ch
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
15.0
Threatened species
2015
595
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
32.0e
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
303 118/4.5
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
3 036
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
79.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
12.5
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
97.6/98.0
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
89.9/96.1
Net Official Development Assistance disbursed (% of GNI)
2014
<
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
0.1

a At producers' prices. b Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. c Break in the time series. d 2013. e
Estimate. f Including refugees. g Figure of stateless persons in Thailand refers to 2011. h Population age
6+.

World Statistics Pocketbook 203

The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

Region
Southern Europe
Surface area (sq km)
25 713
Population (proj., 000) 2 081
Pop. density (per sq km) 82.5
Capital city
Skopje
Capital city pop. (000) 503
Currency
Denar (MKD)
UN membership date
8 April 1993
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
6 259
9 407
11 319
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
4.7
3.4
3.8
GDP per capita (current US$)
3 063.6
4 561.2
5 453.3
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) a
11.3
11.7
10.2
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) b
23.7
24.4
24.8
cd
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
65.0
63.9
65.0
e
efg
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
19.5
18.9
18.0
e
efg
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
32.3
31.6
30.6
e
efg
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
48.2
49.5
51.4
h
Unemployment (% of labour force)
37.3
32.0
28.0
h
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
42.6/64.6
43.1/69.3
43.9/68.2
i
j
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
109
125
...
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
100
116
115k
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
99
116
115k
Index of industrial production (2005=100) l
100
101
113
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
159
198
104
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
4 489.9
Germany
44.3 Germany
12.6
Imports
6 399.8
Serbia
8.7 United Kingdom
9.7
Balance
1 909.9
Bulgaria
6.0 Serbia
8.1
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.2
Urban population (%)
2015
57.1
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.1
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.5
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
77.5/72.9
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
41
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
130.7/6.3
m
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
425
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
1 588
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
10
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
6.5
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
85.1/86.4n
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
81.2/82.9n
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
44.1/34.9k
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
1.6
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
33.3
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
109.1o
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
68.1pq
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
20.0k
Threatened species
2015
100
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
39.6h
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
8 295/4.0
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
59
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
56.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
9.7
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
99.8/98.9
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
97.2/82.6
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
1.9

a Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care. b Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation
canals. c Excludes repair of personal and household goods. d Includes publishing activities and landscaping care. e Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. f Break in the time series. g 2008. h Estimate. i
Annual average is weighted mean of monthly data. j Series linked to former series. k 2013. l Excluding
water and waste management. m Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of tourism accommodation
establishments. n 2012. o Data refers to the third quarter. p Population age 16-74. q Users in the last 3
months.

204 World Statistics Pocketbook

Timor-Leste

Region
South-Eastern Asia
Surface area (sq km)
14 919
Population (proj., 000) 1 211
Pop. density (per sq km) 81.5
Capital city
Dili
Capital city pop. (000) 228 a
Currency
US Dollar (USD)
UN membership date
27 September 2002
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
1 850
4 069
4 970
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
52.7
3.3
4.5
GDP per capita (current US$)
1 869.4
3 848.9
4 294.1
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) b
7.3
4.7
3.9
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) c
76.7
81.5
84.1
de
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
16.0
13.8
12.1
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
81.6fgh
50.6i
...
fgh
i
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
3.9
9.2
...
fgh
i
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
11.2
39.8
...
j
Unemployment (% of labour force)
6.7
3.9
4.4
j
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
32.0/66.3
26.1/55.3
26.7/55.6
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
98
121
113k
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
98
126
119k
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
...
1 671
1 106
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)k
(% of exports)k
(% of imports)k
Exports
53.1
Indonesia
34.8 Indonesia
34.3
Imports
513.7
Germany
14.5 Malaysia
15.4
Balance
460.6
United States
13.7 Singapore
12.8
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.3
Urban population (%)
2015
32.8
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
3.8
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
5.9
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
69.5/66.1
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
92
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
10.8/0.9
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
60l
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
5
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
44
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
1.5
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
0.1m
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
7.7
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
136.1/137.6
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
76.0/70.3
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
38.5
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
58.7j
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
1.1j
Threatened species
2015
21
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
47.6j
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
440/0.4
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
168
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
6.0j
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
2.1
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
95.2/60.5
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
69.0/26.8
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
6.4
a 2014. b Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care. c Excludes publishing activities, includes
irrigation canals. d Includes publishing activities and landscaping care. e Excludes repair of personal and
household goods. f Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. g Persons aged 15 to 64 years. h 2001. i Break
in the time series. j Estimate. k 2013. l Arrivals by air at Dili Airport. m 2011.

World Statistics Pocketbook 205

Togo

Region
Western Africa
Surface area (sq km)
56 785
Population (proj., 000) 7 497
Pop. density (per sq km) 137.8
Capital city
Lom
Capital city pop. (000) 956
Currency
CFA Franc (XOF)
UN membership date
20 September 1960
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
2 110
3 173
4 576
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
1.2
4.0
6.1
GDP per capita (current US$)
378.3
496.4
643.1
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
43.4
46.1
46.7
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) a
19.0
18.2
19.4
b
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
37.6
35.7
33.9
c
d
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
...
54.1
...
c
d
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
...
6.8
...
c
d
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
...
37.5
...
e
Unemployment (% of labour force)
8.0
7.8
7.7
e
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
79.8/80.4
81.0/80.3
81.1/80.5
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) f
114
134g
145
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
96
123
121h
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
99
129
125h
Index of industrial production (2005=100)
100
124
156
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
204
200
568h
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
671.9
Burkina Faso
16.2 China
20.1
Imports
1 732.1
Benin
14.9 France
9.4
Balance
1 060.2
Niger
9.7 South Africa
4.9
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.7
Urban population (%)
2015
40.0
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
3.8
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
4.7
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
59.7/58.3
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
82
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
276.8/3.8ij
k
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
282
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
22 564
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
50
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
5.3
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
4.8
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
121.4/128.8
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
5.9/14.3
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
9.2l
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
17.6
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
69.0e
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
5.7e
Threatened species
2015
66
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
4.2e
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
2 230/0.3
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
108
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
19.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
19.8
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
91.4/44.2
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
24.7/2.9
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
5.1
a Construction refers to buildings and public works. b Refers to trade only. c Data classified according to
ISIC Rev. 2. d 2006. e Estimate. f Lom. g Series linked to former series. h 2013. i Including refugees. j
Refers to foreign citizens. k Arrivals of non-resident tourists in hotels and similar establishments. l 2012.

206 World Statistics Pocketbook

Tokelau

Region
Oceania-Polynesia
Surface area (sq km)
12
Population (proj., 000) 1
Pop. density (per sq km) 127.6
a
Capital city
Tokelau
Capital city pop. (000) ...
Currency
New Zealand Dollar (NZD)
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
102
120
125b
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
102
120
125b
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.9
Urban population (%)
2015
0.0
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.0
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
2.1c
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
70.4/67.8d
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
60b
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
0.5/39.0
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
31e
Environment and infrastructure
Threatened species
2015
46
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
0.0f
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
.../100.0
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
.../90.5

a The "capital" rotates yearly between the three atolls of Atafu, Fakaofo and Nukunomu, each with fewer
than 500 inhabitants in 2011. b 2013. c 2006 - 2011. d 1990. e 2000 - 2003. f Estimate.

World Statistics Pocketbook 207

Tonga

Region
Oceania-Polynesia
Surface area (sq km)
747
Population (proj., 000) 107
Pop. density (per sq km) 148.5
Capital city
Nuku'alofa
Capital city pop. (000) 25 a
Currency
Pa'anga (TOP)
UN membership date
14 September 1999
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
262
374
435
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
1.6
3.6
2.0
GDP per capita (current US$)
2 593.2
3 596.8
4 121.7
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
20.2
18.3
19.4
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
19.1
20.0
18.2
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
60.7
61.7
62.4
b
c
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
31.8
...
...
b
c
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
30.6
...
...
b
c
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
37.5
...
...
d
Unemployment (% of labour force)
5.0
5.2
5.3
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) d
53.1/75.0
53.1/75.2
52.9/74.3
e
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
160
210
233
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
97
136
131f
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
97
136
131f
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
21
80
33f
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)a
(% of exports)a
(% of imports)a
Exports
18.9
New Zealand
23.3 New Zealand
28.6
Imports
218.2
China, Hong Kong SAR 17.5 Singapore
21.1
g
Balance
199.3
Areas nes
15.3 United States
10.9
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.4
Urban population (%)
2015
23.7
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.7
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
3.8
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
75.6/69.7
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
74
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
5.7/5.4
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
50h
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
20
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
5.2
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
107.5/108.6
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
94.2/86.4
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
0.1i
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
0.0
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
64.3d
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
40.0d
Threatened species
2015
74
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
12.5d
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
209/2.0
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
0
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
28.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
1.5
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
99.7/99.6
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
97.6/89.0
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
18.0
a 2014. b Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. c 2003. d Estimate. e Excluding `Rent. f 2013. g See
technical notes. h Arrivals by air. i 2012.

208 World Statistics Pocketbook

Trinidad and Tobago

Region
Caribbean
Surface area (sq km)
5 130
Population (proj., 000) 1 365
Pop. density (per sq km) 266.1
Capital city
Port of Spain
Capital city pop. (000) 34 a
Currency
TT Dollar (TTD) b
UN membership date
18 September 1962
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
15 982
21 038
28 069
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
6.2
0.1
1.9
GDP per capita (current US$)
12 323.2
15 840.4
20 722.7
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
0.5
0.5
0.4
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
56.7
53.3
52.0
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
42.8
46.2
47.6
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) c
4.3
3.8d
...
c
d
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
31.0
32.2
...
c
d
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
64.3
63.8
...
e
Unemployment (% of labour force)
8.0
5.9
3.3
e
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
53.5/76.2
52.5/75.4
52.6/73.7
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
126
196
250
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
99
96
96f
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
99
96
96f
Index of industrial production (2005=100) g
100
159
142
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
3 881
4 172
...
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.5
Urban population (%)
2015
8.4
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.2
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.8
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
73.8/66.9
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
43
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
49.9/3.7
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
412h
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
180
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
25
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
5.9i
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
25.9
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
31.0
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
147.3
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
65.1e
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
1.0
Threatened species
2015
65
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
45.1e
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
46 542/34.5
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
1 673
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
611.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
2.6
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
95.1/95.1
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
91.5/91.5
a 2014. b Trinidad and Tobago Dollar. c Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2. d 2008. e Estimate. f
2013. g Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. h Arrivals by air. i Data revision.

World Statistics Pocketbook 209

Tunisia

Region
Northern Africa
Surface area (sq km)
163 610
Population (proj., 000) 11 375
Pop. density (per sq km) 73.2
Capital city
Tunis
Capital city pop. (000) 1 993 a
Currency
Tunisian Dinar (TND)
UN membership date
12 November 1956
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
32 272
44 051
47 423
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
4.0
3.0
2.3
GDP per capita (current US$)
3 194.5
4 140.5
4 260.8
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) b
10.0
8.1
9.4
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) b
28.8
31.1
29.1
b
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
61.3
60.8
61.6
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) cd
...
17.6
14.8e
cd
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
...
32.7
33.5e
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) cd
...
48.8
51.5e
Unemployment (% of labour force) f
14.2
13.0
15.3
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) f
24.0/68.0
24.5/69.7
25.0/71.2
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
114
139g
170
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
101
107
118h
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
101
107
118h
Index of industrial production (2005=100)
100
115
112
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
299
2 104
4 302
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
14 073.5
France
29.3 France
17.8
Imports
20 222.5
Italy
18.5 Italy
14.9
Balance
6 149.0
Germany
10.5 China
8.4
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.1
Urban population (%)
2015
66.8
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.4
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
2.2
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
77.0/72.3
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
45
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
56.7/0.5i
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
7 163
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
983
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
19
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
7.0j
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
6.2k
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
111.4/114.7
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
94.2/90.0l
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
43.1/26.3
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
3.1k
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
31.3
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
128.5
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
46.2f
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
13.0
Threatened species
2015
83
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
6.6f
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
27 668/2.5
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
298
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
39.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
3.7
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
100.0/93.2
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
97.4/79.8

a Refers to Grand Tunis. b At factor cost. c Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. d Industry includes
repairs. e Break in the time series. f Estimate. g Series linked to former series. h 2013. i Refers to foreign
citizens. j Data revision. k 2012. l 2011.

210 World Statistics Pocketbook

Turkey

Region
Western Asia
Surface area (sq km)
783 562
Population (proj., 000) 79 622
Pop. density (per sq km) 103.5
Capital city
Ankara
Capital city pop. (000) 4 750 a
Currency
Turkish Lira (TRY)
UN membership date
24 October 1945
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
482 986
731 144
798 414
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
8.4
9.2
2.9
GDP per capita (current US$)
7 117.3
10 111.2
10 299.0
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) b
10.6
9.5
8.0
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) c
28.0
26.4
27.1
de
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
61.4
64.2
64.9
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
29.5fg
22.4
19.7
fg
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
24.8
26.8
28.4
fg
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
45.8
50.8
51.9
h
Unemployment (% of labour force)
10.6
10.7
9.9
h
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
23.4/70.3
27.6/70.7
30.4/71.5
i
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
381
578
784
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
101
110
125j
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
101
111
127j
Index of industrial production (2005=100) k
100
116
140
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
21 449
45 312
46 526
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
143 850.4
Germany
9.3 China
12.0
Imports
207 206.5
United Kingdom
7.3 Germany
10.3
Balance
63 356.1
Iraq
5.9 Russian Federation
9.8
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.7
Urban population (%)
2015
73.4
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.0
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
2.1
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
78.1/71.5
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
50
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
2 964.9/3.8l
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
39 811m
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
1 985 269n
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
13
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
5.4
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
1.7o
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
106.5/107.2j
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
98.7/101.8j
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
72.9/84.9j
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
4.3p
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
14.9
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
94.8
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
51.0qr
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
68.0
Threatened species
2015
370
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
15.0h
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
323 451/4.3
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
1 352
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
64.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
0.2
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
100.0/100.0
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
98.3/85.5
Net Official Development Assistance disbursed (% of GNI)
2014
0.5
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
0.4

a Refers to Altindag, Cankaya, Etimesgut, Golbasi, Keioren, Mamak, Sincan and Yenimahalle. b Excludes
irrigation canals and landscaping care. c Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals. d
Excludes repair of personal and household goods. e Includes publishing activities and landscaping care.
f Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. g Break in the time series. h Estimate. i Series linked to former
series. j 2013. k Excluding water and waste management. l Including refugees. m Turkish citizens resident
abroad are included. n Refugee figure for Syrians in Turkey is a Government estimate. o 2011. p 2012.
q Population age 16-74. r Users in the last 12 months.
World Statistics Pocketbook 211

Turkmenistan

Region
Central Asia
Surface area (sq km)
488 100
Population (proj., 000) 5 439
Pop. density (per sq km) 11.6
Capital city
Ashgabat
Capital city pop. (000) 746
Currency
Turkmenistan New Manat (TMT)
UN membership date
2 March 1992
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
14 182
22 148
47 932
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
13.0
9.2
10.3
GDP per capita (current US$)
2 987.1
4 392.7
9 031.5
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
18.8
14.6
14.6
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
37.6
48.4
48.4
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
43.6
37.0
37.0
a
Unemployment (% of labour force)
10.4
10.4
10.1
a
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
47.0/74.8
46.4/75.7
47.1/77.3
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
104
102
103b
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
102
106
109b
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.3
Urban population (%)
2015
50.0
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.9
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
2.3
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
69.7/61.3
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
48
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
196.4/3.7
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
7 171
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
47
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
2.1
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
3.1c
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
88.6/90.1
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
83.7/86.9
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
6.2/9.7
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
4.3c
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
25.8
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
135.8a
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
12.2a
Threatened species
2015
49
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
8.8a
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
66 893/12.8
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
3 210
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
210.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
3.2
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
0.1
a Estimate. b 2013. c 2012.

212 World Statistics Pocketbook

Turks and Caicos Islands

Region
Caribbean
Surface area (sq km)
948 a
Population (proj., 000) 35
Pop. density (per sq km) 36.7
Capital city
Cockburn Town
Capital city pop. (000) 0.1 b
Currency
US Dollar (USD)
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
579
687
797
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
14.4
1.0
4.6
GDP per capita (current US$)
21 877.0
22 159.5
23 614.7
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
1.2
0.6
0.6
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
19.7
12.4
11.0
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
79.1
86.9
88.4
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) c
1.4
1.2de
...
c
de
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
16.8
23.1
...
c
de
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
70.9
74.0
...
de
Unemployment (% of labour force)
8.0
8.3
...
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)f
(% of exports)f
(% of imports)f
Exports
11.8
United States
93.2 United States
75.4
Imports
268.5
Areas nes
6.8g Bahamas
13.8
Balance
256.7
Areas nes
9.1g
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.1
Urban population (%)
2015
92.2
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.5
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
77.4/79.0b
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
11.7/34.0
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
357
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
8
Environment and infrastructure
Threatened species
2015
56
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
36.2h
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
198/6.0
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
0
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
85.0h
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
3.6

a Including low water level for all islands (area to shoreline). b 2001. c Data classified according to ISIC
Rev. 3. d Break in the time series. e 2008. f 2012. g See technical notes. h Estimate.

World Statistics Pocketbook 213

Tuvalu

Region
Oceania-Polynesia
Surface area (sq km)
26
Population (proj., 000) 10
Pop. density (per sq km) 331.4
Capital city
Funafuti
Capital city pop. (000) 6 a
Currency
Australian Dollar (AUD)
UN membership date
5 September 2000
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
22
32
38
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
3.9
2.7
2.2
GDP per capita (current US$)
2 258.8
3 238.5
3 796.0
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA)
21.6
27.6
25.9
Economy: Industry (% of GVA)
8.5
5.7
8.3
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
69.9
66.7
65.8
Unemployment (% of labour force)
6.5
...
...
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
47.9/69.6
...
...
b
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
117
...
...
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
101
111
108c
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
101
111
108c
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
4
14
7c
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.2
Urban population (%)
2015
59.7
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.9
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
3.2d
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
71.9/67.4e
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
71cf
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
0.1/1.4g
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
1
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
10e
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
16.5
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
102.1/100.7h
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
90.2/72.3h
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
20.3i
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
6.7
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
38.4h
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
37.0ch
Threatened species
2015
93
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
33.3h
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
<
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
98.3/97.0
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
86.3/...

a 2014. b Funafuti. c 2013. d 2009. e 2010. f Data calculated on ages 0-15 years and 60 years and older
as a ratio of 16-59 years old. g Refers to foreign citizens. h Estimate. i 2012.

214 World Statistics Pocketbook

Uganda

Region
Eastern Africa
Surface area (sq km)
241 550
Population (proj., 000) 40 323
Pop. density (per sq km) 201.8
Capital city
Kampala
Capital city pop. (000) 1 936
Currency
Uganda Shilling (UGX)
UN membership date
25 October 1962
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
10 984
19 687
27 465
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
10.0
7.7
4.7
GDP per capita (current US$)
391.7
593.9
726.9
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) a
29.1
26.2
27.0
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) b
19.9
20.4
21.9
cd
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
51.0
53.5
51.1
efg
hi
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
71.6
73.8
71.9j
efg
hi
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
4.5
7.1
4.4j
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
23.2efg
19.1hi
20.2j
Unemployment (% of labour force) k
2.0
4.2
3.8
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) k
77.1/79.7
80.6/85.4
82.3/87.6
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
124
186
277
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
100
112
112j
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
100
112
111j
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
13
1 659
2 674
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)l
(% of exports)l
(% of imports)l
Exports
2 262.0
Kenya
13.1 India
24.5
Imports
6 073.5
South Sudan
12.4 China
12.2
Balance
3 811.5
Rwanda
10.8 Kenya
9.8
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
3.3
Urban population (%)
2015
16.1
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
5.4
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
5.9
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
58.8/55.7
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
102
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
749.5/1.9m
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
1 266
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
646 465
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
61
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
7.2n
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
2.2j
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
110.9/108.9j
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
25.7/29.5j
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
3.9/5.0o
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
11.8
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
35.0
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
52.4p
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
17.7k
Threatened species
2015
188
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
11.7k
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
4 895/0.2
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
398
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
12.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
16.0
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
95.5/75.8
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
28.6/17.3
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
6.3

a Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care. b Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation
canals. c Excludes repair of personal and household goods. d Includes publishing activities and landscaping care. e Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. f Break in the time series. g Persons aged 14 to
64 years. h Persons aged 10 to 76 years. i 2009. j 2013. k Estimate. l 2014. m Including refugees. n Unlike
other countries, in Uganda fiscal year 2010/2011 corresponds to calendar year 2010. o 2011. p Data as
at the end of December.

World Statistics Pocketbook 215

Ukraine

Region
Eastern Europe
Surface area (sq km)
603 500 a
Population (proj., 000) 44 624 a
Pop. density (per sq km) 77.0 a
Capital city
Kyiv
Capital city pop. (000) 2 942
Currency
Hryvnia (UAH)
UN membership date
24 October 1945
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
89 239
141 209
131 806b
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
3.1
4.1
6.8b
GDP per capita (current US$)
1 907.0
3 093.5
2 928.9b
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) c
10.0
8.4
9.5b
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) d
34.1
29.0
27.6b
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) ef
55.8
62.7
63.0b
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
19.4gh
20.0gij
14.8
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
24.2gh
25.7gij
26.1
gh
gij
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
56.4
53.5
59.1
k
Unemployment (% of labour force)
7.2
8.1
9.3
k
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
52.2/65.6
52.4/65.9
52.1/67.2
l
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
147
287
311m
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
100
106
138m
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
100
106
138m
Index of industrial production (2005=100) g
100
94
99n
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
2 534i
3 016
4 596
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)o
(% of exports)o
(% of imports)o
Exports
53 913.3
Russian Federation
18.2 Russian Federation
23.3
Imports
54 381.4
Turkey
6.6 China
9.9
Balance
468.1
Egypt
5.3 Germany
9.9
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.4a
Urban population (%)
2015
69.7
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.3
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.5a
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
75.7/65.7a
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
43a
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
4 834.9/10.8
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
12 712
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
1 426 580
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
9a
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
7.1
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
3.5
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
6.7m
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
105.1/102.8
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
98.2/100.2
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
88.4/76.5
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
12.1
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
144.1
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
43.4k
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
54.0
Threatened species
2015
87
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
16.6k
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
271 101/6.0
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
3 578
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
107.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
3.9
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
95.5/97.8
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
97.4/92.6
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
1.1

a Including Crimea. b Data for GDP and its components excludes the temporarily occupied territory of the
Autonomous Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol. c Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care. d
Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals. e Excludes repair of personal and household
goods. f Includes publishing activities and landscaping care. g Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.
h Persons aged 15 to 70 years. i Break in the time series. j 2009. k Estimate. l Series linked to former
series. m 2013. n 2012. o 2014.

216 World Statistics Pocketbook

United Arab Emirates

Region
Western Asia
Surface area (sq km)
83 600
Population (proj., 000) 9 267
Pop. density (per sq km) 110.9
Capital city
Abu Dhabi
Capital city pop. (000) 1 145
Currency
UAE Dirham (AED) a
UN membership date
9 December 1971
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
180 617
286 049
399 451
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
4.9
1.6
4.6
GDP per capita (current US$)
40 298.6
34 341.9
43 962.7
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) b
1.4
0.8
0.6
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) b
53.9
52.4
52.2
b
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
44.8
46.8
47.2
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) c
4.9
3.8def
...
c
def
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
39.8
23.1
...
c
def
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
54.5
73.0
...
g
Unemployment (% of labour force)
3.1
4.2
3.8
g
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
37.1/91.2
42.4/91.3
41.9/91.4
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
105
111
73h
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
105
111
73h
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)i
(% of exports)ij
(% of imports)i
Exports
380 339.6
Areas nes
32.2 China
15.1
Imports
298 611.3
Asia nes
23.6 Areas nes
10.7j
Balance
81 728.3
Iran
4.5 United States
8.0
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.9
Urban population (%)
2015
85.5
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
2.9
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.8
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
78.2/76.0
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
18
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
8 095.1/88.4kl
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
802
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
6
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
3.6
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
107.1/106.3
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
34.6/15.4
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
0.7
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
22.5
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
178.1
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
90.4mn
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
5.0
Threatened species
2015
48
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
3.8g
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013 169 122/18.7
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
8 792
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
300.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
16.1
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
99.6/100.0
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
98.0/95.2
Net Official Development Assistance disbursed (% of GNI) o
2014
1.3
a United Arab Emirates Dirham. b At producers' prices. c Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. d
Excluding labour camps. e 2009. f Break in the time series. g Estimate. h 2013. i 2014. j See technical
notes. k Including refugees. l Refers to foreign citizens. m Users in the last 3 months. n Population age
15-74. o The United Arab Emirates began to report at activity level in 2009. These data represent flows
from all government agencies. Commitments are set equal to disbursements for agencies other than the
Abu Dhabi Fund for Development.

World Statistics Pocketbook 217

United Kingdom

Region
Northern Europe
Surface area (sq km)
242 495
Population (proj., 000) 65 111
Pop. density (per sq km) 269.1
Capital city
London
Capital city pop. (000) 10 313
Currency
Pound Sterling (GBP)
UN membership date
24 October 1945
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
2 418 949
2 403 581
2 988 893
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
3.0
1.5
2.9
GDP per capita (current US$)
40 175.2
38 324.4
46 460.9
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) a
0.7
0.7
0.7
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) b
23.3
20.8
21.0
cd
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
76.1
78.5
78.4
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
1.3ef
1.1
1.1
ef
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
22.2
19.2
18.9
ef
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
76.2
79.0
79.1
Unemployment (% of labour force) g
4.8
7.8
6.1
g
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
54.9/69.3
55.8/68.7
56.9/68.8
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
113
131
150
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
100
102
100h
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
100
102
99h
Index of industrial production (2005=100)
100
92
90
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
30 054
67 601
151 882
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
465 921.6
United States
14.9 Germany
15.0
Imports
629 228.9
Germany
10.0 China
10.0
Balance
163 307.3
Switzerland
7.3 United States
9.2
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.6
Urban population (%)
2015
82.6
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.9
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.9
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
82.4/78.5
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
55
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
8 543.1/13.2
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
32 613
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
155 079i
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
4
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
9.1
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
2.8
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
5.7h
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
108.1/108.4
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
130.4/125.3
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
64.1/49.0
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
0.9h
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
29.4
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
123.6
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
91.6j
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
309.0
Threatened species
2015
87
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
12.9g
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
457 473/7.2
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
4 557k
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
124.0k
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
13.8
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
100.0/100.0
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
99.1/99.6
Net Official Development Assistance disbursed (% of GNI) l
2014
0.7

a Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care. b Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation
canals. c Excludes repair of personal and household goods. d Includes publishing activities and landscaping care. e Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. f Break in the time series. g Estimate. h 2013. i
Refugee population relates to the end of 2014. j Population age 16-74. k Shipments of coal and oil to
Jersey, Guernsey and the isle of Man from the United Kingdom are not classed as exports. Supplies of
coal and oil to these islands are, therefore, included as part of UK supply. Exports of natural gas to the
Isle of Man included with the exports to Ireland. l Development Assistance Committee member (OECD).
218 World Statistics Pocketbook

United Republic of Tanzania

Region
Eastern Africa
Surface area (sq km)
947 303 a
Population (proj., 000) 55 156 a
Pop. density (per sq km) 62.3 a
Capital city
Dodoma
Capital city pop. (000) 228 b
Currency
Tanzanian Shilling (TZS)
UN membership date
14 December 1961
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) c
18 072
31 105
48 030
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) c
7.4
6.4
7.0
GDP per capita (current US$) c
475.7
700.9
952.2
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) cd
30.1
31.7
31.1
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) ce
20.8
21.5
24.7
cfg
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
49.1
46.8
44.2
hijk
chlm
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed)
81.0
69.0
66.9
hijk
chlm
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
3.8
4.2
6.4
hijk
chlm
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
15.1
26.5
26.6
n
Unemployment (% of labour force)
3.2
2.9
3.1
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) n
88.7/90.6
83.6/86.0
74.0/83.4
c
o
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)
128
192
287
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
98
129
154p
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
96
131
155p
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
1 570
2 211h
5 021
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)
(% of exports)
(% of imports)
Exports
5 854.2
India
19.6 Saudi Arabia
40.6
Imports
14 706.0
Kenya
13.6 China
12.6
Balance
8 851.8
South Africa
11.5 India
8.6
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
3.2
Urban population (%)
2015
31.6a
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
5.4a
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
5.2
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
65.6/62.6
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
94
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015
261.2/0.5q
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
1 113
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
328 183
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
37
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
5.6
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
<r
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
3.5
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
87.4/86.2p
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
30.8/33.7p
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
2.5/4.9p
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
7.9r
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
36.6
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
62.8
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
4.9n
Threatened species
2015
1 077
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
52.8n
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013
10 752/0.2
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
889
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
20.0
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
26.1
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
77.2/45.6
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
31.3/8.3
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI)
2014
5.5

a Including Zanzibar. b 2014. c Excluding Zanzibar. d Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care. e
Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals. f Includes publishing activities and landscaping
care. g Excludes repair of personal and household goods. h Break in the time series. i Persons aged 10
years and over. j Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2. k 2002. l Data classified according to ISIC Rev.
3. m 2007. n Estimate. o Series linked to former series. p 2013. q Including refugees. r 2012.

World Statistics Pocketbook 219

United States of America

Region
Northern America
Surface area (sq km)
9 833 517
Population (proj., 000) 324 119
Pop. density (per sq km) 35.4
Capital city
Washington, D.C.
Capital city pop. (000) 4 955
Currency
US Dollar (USD)
UN membership date
24 October 1945
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)
13 093 720 14 964 380 17 348 072
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices)
3.4
2.5
2.4
GDP per capita (current US$)
44 214.7
48 291.5
54 306.3
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) a
1.0
1.1
1.2
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) b
21.5
20.2
20.4
cd
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)
77.5
78.8
78.4
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) e
1.6fg
1.6h
...
e
fg
h
Employment: Industry (% of employed)
20.6
17.2
...
e
fg
h
Employment: Services and other (% of employed)
77.8
81.2
...
i
Unemployment (% of labour force)
5.2
9.7
6.3
i
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %)
58.3/72.2
57.6/70.0
56.1/68.5
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) j
113
127
137
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
100
106
108k
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
100
107
110k
Index of industrial production (2005=100) l
100
96
108
Balance of payments, current account (million US$)
745 445
441 963
389 525
Total trade
Major trading partners
2015
(million US$)m
(% of exports)m
(% of imports)m
Exports
1 503 870.4
Canada
18.6 China
21.8
Imports
2 306 822.3
Mexico
15.7 Canada
13.1
Balance
802 951.9
China
7.7 Mexico
12.9
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
0.8
Urban population (%)
2015
81.6
Urban population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
1.0
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)
2010-2015
1.9
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)
2010-2015
81.3/76.5
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)
2015
51
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
mid-2015 46 627.1/14.5
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)
2014
75 011h
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR
mid-2015
491 730n
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
2010-2015
6
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
17.1
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
2013
2.5o
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
2014
5.2o
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
99.2/99.8
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
98.5/96.7
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
2014
100.7/73.5
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
2014
3.9k
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
2016
19.4
Environment and infrastructure
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants)
2014
98.4i
Individuals using the Internet (%)
2014
87.4i
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.)
2014
894.0
Threatened species
2015
1 299p
Forested area (% of land area)
2013
33.8i
CO 2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita)
2013 5 186 168/16.1q
Energy production, primary (Petajoules)
2013
78 449r
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)
2013
286.0r
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area)
2014
14.8
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %)
2015
99.4/98.2
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %)
2015
100.0/100.0
Net Official Development Assistance disbursed (% of GNI) s
2014
0.2
a Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care. b Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation
canals. c Excludes repair of personal and household goods. d Includes publishing activities and landscaping care. e Persons aged 16 years and over. f Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. g Services
include activities not adequately defined. h Break in the time series. i Estimate. j All urban consumers.
k 2013. l Excluding water and waste management. m Including Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands.
n The refugee figure is under review. Refugee figure relates to the end of 2014. o 2011. p Excluding
overseas territories. q Including overseas territories. r Oil statistics as well as coal trade statistics also
include overseas territories. s Development Assistance Committee member (OECD).
220 World Statistics Pocketbook

United States Virgin Islands

Region
Caribbean
Surface area (sq km)
347
Population (proj., 000) 106
Pop. density (per sq km) 304.0
Capital city
Charlotte Amalie
Capital city pop. (000) 52 a
Currency
US Dollar (USD)
Economic indicators
2005
2010
2014
Unemployment (% of labour force) b
9.0
8.9
9.1
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) b
54.9/76.1
55.2/73.9
53.6/71.8
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)
98
118
123c
Food production index (2004-2006=100)
98
118
123c
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %)
2010-2015
<
Urban population (%)
2015
95.3
Urban population growth