Cell phone signal boosters work by pulling in tower signals with an outside antenna

,
amplifying those signals, and then rebroadcasting the amplified signals so your device
receives them.
If you are wondering, “Do cell phone boosters work at all?” that reaction is pretty
common. Years ago there were scams that claimed to enhance cell phone reception but
didn’t really do anything.
Nowadays in the U. S. and Canada, cell phone boosters must be certified by the
respective federal government to work as claimed in overcoming poor cell phone
reception or extending cellular range. In the U.S. it’s the Federal Communication
Commission (FCC) that tests and certifies all cell boosters on the market. In Canada,
Industry Canada (IC) is the responsible agency.
A cellular signal booster works like this:

detecting and collecting very faint signals (much fainter than your phone can
detect)

helping those faint signal bypass various obstructions

amplifying the faint signals to a useable level

broadcasting the amplified signals to an interior space so they can be used by
your phone or other cellular device

When your phone transmits a signal back to the tower, the process is repeated in reverse
order.
A cell booster system’s Antenna->Amplifier->Antenna design effectively bypasses
obstructions. One big difference in this comparison is that your cell phone transmits as
well as receives a signal. When a cellular device transmits a signal back to the tower the
booster system repeats the process described above in reverse order, once again
bypassing the potential obstructions.
We humans have known how to transmit, receive and amplify RF signals for more than a
century now. A cell phone signal booster might at first seem somewhat unfamiliar to you.
But when you consider it, signal boosters are simply the evolution of communications
technology.

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