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Worksheet #2 Classification of Matter II Answers

Name: _________________________

Period:_________

Part A: Classification of Matters


1. Fill in the Blanks
A(n) ____________ is a pure substance that is made of only one kind of atom.
The symbol for a(n) ____________ is always one or two letters. When the symbol
contains two letters, the first letter is always ____________, and the second
letter is always ____________.
A(n) ____________ is a pure substance containing two or more elements that are
____________ combined. A(n) ____________ is represented by a chemical
____________. The elements in a(n) ____________ always combine in
____________ proportions.
A(n) ____________ is made of two or more substances that are ____________
combined. A(n) ____________ that is uniformly mixed is called ____________.
A special name for this is a(n) ____________. A(n) ____________ that is not
uniformly mixed is called ____________. A special type of mixture that is a solid
____________ of two or more metals is called a(n) ____________.
2. Identify each of the common items below as an element, a compound or a mixture. Their
chemical formulas have been given to help you out.
a. Sugar (C6H12O6)

h. Granite (SiO2 & KAlSi3O3 &

b.
c.
d.
e.
f.

K3Si3O10)
i. Drain Cleaner (Al & NaOH

Phosphorous (P4)
Battery Acid (H2SO4)
Air (N2 & O2 & CO2 )
Oxygen (O2)
Milk (C6H12O6 & H2O &

C50H102O3)
g. Gold (Au)

& )
j. Sodium (Na)
k. Water (H2O)
l. Salt Water (NaCl & H2O)

m.
n.
o.
3. Which one the following is NOT a true statement?
a. Two or more atoms held together with bonds make up a molecule.
b. Pure substances are made of only one type of atom.
c. At least two types of atoms are required to make a compound.
d. Mixtures can be made of two elements, two components and an element &
compound.
e.
4. In a sugar molecule (C6H12O6):
a. How many types of atoms are present?
b. How many atoms are present?
c.
5. In granite, there are two components (KAlSi3O3 & K3Si3O10) present. Are those two
elements or compounds? Are they the same? Explain.
a.
b.
c.
d.

e. Part B: Chemical and Physical Properties


f.

Classify each of properties listed below as PP (Physical Property), PC


(Physical Change), CP (Chemical Property), CC (Chemical Change)

g. 1.

Color _______________

10.

reactivity

11.

Unreactive

____________________
h. 2.

Combustibility _________
____________________

i.

3.

Hardness

__________

12.

Odor

____________________
j.

4.

Density________________

13.

stability

____________________
k. 5.

Mass ________________

14.

Malleability

____________________
l.

6.

Melting point

_________

15.

Tendency to corrode

_______________
m. 7.

Ductility_______________

16.

reacts with water

17.

Weight

________________
n. 8.

Volume________________
____________________

o. 9.

rusting

_______________

18.

solubility

____________________
p.
q. Go back to the list above (1-18) and indicate whether Intensive (I) or
Extensive (E)
r.
s. Some of the measured properties of a given substance are listed
below. Write the general name describing each property. Select the
names from the following properties: chemical, malleability, density,
volume, hardness, melting point, ductility, mass, odor, weight,
combustibility.

t. 19.

15 dm3

u. 20.

Can easily be hammered into sheets

v. 21.

2.8 g/cm3

w. 22.

Burns when heated in the presence of O2.


____________________

x. 23.

Stinks when heated

y. 24.

500 oC

z. 25.

Can easily be drawn into a wire ____________________

____________________
____________________

____________________

____________________

____________________

aa.
ab.Classify the following properties as extensive or intensive.
ac. 26.
mass _____________ 27. ductility _________28. melting point
_____________
ad.29.
color ____________30. length ____________31. conductivity
_____________

ae.

Chemical and Physical Changes

af.
ag.1. Classify each of the following as chemical or physical changes:
ah.
ai.

a. growth of a plant

aj. _______________________
__________

ak.

b. fading of dye in cloth

al. _______________________
__________

am.

au.

c. melting of ice

an._______________________
__________

ao.

d. digestion of food

ap._______________________
__________

aq.

e. formation of

ar. _______________________
__________

as.

f. heating of a wood

at. _______________________
__________

g. making a rock candy by evaporating


water from sugar solution

ax.

h. production of light by an
electric arc

av.
aw.
________________
_________________
ay. _______________________
__________

az.

i. burning of a coal

ba._______________________
__________

bb.

j. tearing of a piece of paper

bc. _______________________
__________

bd.

k. kicking of a football

be._______________________
__________

bf.

l. excavating of a soli

bg._______________________
__________

bh.

m. exploding of a firecracker

bi. _______________________
__________

bj.

bk. 2. Which of the following involve a change in state of a substance?


bl.
bm.

a. grinding beef into hamburgers


____________________________

bn.

b. soldering wires on a computer circuit board by melting solder


_________________

bo.

c. pouring milk into a glass

_________________________________

bp.

d. allowing soup to cool in a bowl


_________________________________

bq.
br.
bs.

3. Classify the following properties as chemical or physical.

bt.

a. heat conductivity _______________

e. length ________________

bu.

b. combustible ___________________

f. brittleness

_____________
bv.

c. acid resistant __________________

bw.

d. displaces hydrogen from water ________________


bx.
by.