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Section I

Section II
General Information

Section III

Section IV
Rights and Privileges of Bicycles and Scooters

Section V
Turning and Signaling

Section VI
International Road Signs

Section VII
Night Driving in Italy

Section VIII
Accidents and Claims

Section IX
Dos and Donts for Drivers

Section X
Extract Provisions from the Italian Traffic Code and Penal Code


Section XI
Articles Reference


Section XII
Sample Test Questions


Section XIII
International Road Signs


Appendix A


1. The mark of a mature driver is the ability to drive anywhere without experiencing extreme
irritation, frustration and trouble. Mature drivers, through conscious efforts and diligence, adapt
their driving habits to traffic and road conditions prevailing in the area where they are driving.
On the other hand, the mark of immature drivers is the tendency to complain and criticize
conditions over which they have no control. It is essential that, at the outset of your tour in Italy,
you adjust your driving habits to existing conditions to enable you to safely complete an
accident-free tour.
2. This study guide has been prepared and distributed to aid you to Drive Defensively without
accidents during your tour of duty in this area. It is also designed to assist you in passing the
drivers test. Do not be misled by your past driving experience even though it may have been
accident-free in the United States. Driving in Europe requires great alertness combined with
additional knowledge of local traffic regulations and driving habits.
3. In Italy, as in most European countries, mere negligence resulting in personal injuries or death
constitutes a criminal offense. Therefore, any vehicle accident involving injuries or death may
subject a driver to criminal prosecution in the Italian courts with the prospect of being fined or
imprisoned. Punishments are especially severe for such offenses as improper passing, drunken
driving, speeding and reckless driving. In addition, a factor of particular importance to Armed
Forces personnel is the suspension of favorable personnel actions (Flagging) imposed by
commanders as a result of criminal court proceeding pending completion in local courts. Read
extracts from the Italian Road Code and the Italian Criminal laws in this study guide carefully,
remember them and abide by them when you drive. You will note that most of the laws are quite
similar to those in the United States. To assist you in your interpretation of the regulations and
laws, a brief discussion is included on those points where differences occur which are in conflict
with stateside laws and habits and other traffic problems which have been the principal
contributing factors to accidents involving United States personnel in this area.

4. Implied Consent Provisions The implied consent provisions defined in SETAF Regulation
190-2 are similar to those presently in force in over half of the United States. They provide that
any person who drives a motor vehicle is presumed to have given consent to a chemical test of
his or her blood, breath or urine for the purpose of determining the alcoholic content of their
blood, if cited or apprehended for any offense allegedly committed while the person was driving
a motor vehicle.
5. Any person who applies for and receives a SETAF Drivers License will be deemed to have
consented to a blood alcohol test if such is requested by authorized law enforcement personnel.
Refusal to submit to such a test, if an individual is suspected by law enforcement officials of
operating a vehicle while the ability to do so is impaired by alcoholic beverages, will result in

revocation of the license. Refusal to submit to such test, requested by local Italian law
enforcement personnel, could result in confinement. In Italy, a reading of .05 on a blood alcohol
test is grounds for a Driving While Intoxicated (DWI) offense. Also, IAW Italian law, there is a
zero tolerance for personnel who are 26 years old and younger or have had their license for 3
years or less.
6. Consumption Of Alcoholic Beverages After An Accident The consumption of any alcoholic
beverages by a person who is involved, as the operator of a vehicle, in a traffic accident, is
prohibited until initial investigation by law enforcement officials is completed and all parties
involved in the traffic accident are released by such authorities, or no investigation is conducted
by such authorities due to minor nature of the accident.
7. The Italian Autostrada Unlike the highways you are probably accustomed to, the Italian
autostrada has a posted maximum speed limit of 130 kilometers per hour (KPH). Except in the
vicinity of entrances, exits and as otherwise posted, this is the maximum legal speed allowed.
However, you will find that Italians often travel at much higher speeds. Therefore, you should
use extreme caution when driving on Italian expressways. Autostradas may be entered only at
officially designated points. Everyone must yield the right-of-way to vehicles already traveling
on these superhighways. Entering can be extremely dangerous because of the high speed of
traffic. A driver must be sure the way is clear before making entrance. Headlights are required
to be on at all times while traveling on the autostrada. Backing and making U-turns on the
autostrada are not only illegal, but extremely dangerous. If you inadvertently go past your exit,
drive to the next one and change directions by using the overpass or underpass. Stopping or
parking, except in designated parking areas, is forbidden on the autostrada.
8. When It Rains When it first begins to rain, roads are most dangerous because the rain raises
an extremely slippery film of oil and grease residue. After an hour or so of hard rain, this slick
residue is washed off and the pavement becomes somewhat more reliable. So when it first starts
to rain, reduce your speed to avoid skidding out of control.
9. Fog While fog may occur at any time of the year, it is most prevalent in Italy during the fall
and winter months. At times, fog will become so dense that there is only one thing to do get
off the road. Hugging the curb on the right may be a good practice in the United States during
foggy weather, but you should not follow this practice in Italy because of the bicyclists in dark
clothing who could be between the vehicle and the curb. A final word on fog it remains in low
places longer. You must be alert for these pockets of extreme danger.
10. Snow And Ice The power of your engine is the best brake you have. This power, rather
than the foot brake, should be used on icy or snow packed roads. In descending slippery grades,
you should use a low gear or low range, avoiding any sudden acceleration or deceleration.
11. Railway Crossings Every railroad crossing must be approached with caution, particularly
those which are unguarded. Drivers should not rely entirely on watchmen, gates or automatic
warning devices, all of which have been known to fail. Remember stop immediately when you
see a blinking red light as you are approaching a railroad crossing.

12. Curves Banked curves help overcome centrifugal force. Conversely, roads that are not
banked and those with wet or slippery surfaces greatly reduce friction and increase the likelihood
of a vehicle running off the road. Un-banked and hair-pin curves are the norm in Italy,
especially in rural areas and at traffic circles. Drivers must slow down well in advance of a
curve and before making a turn. A very high number of accidents involving Americans occur
because they try to take curves too fast.
13. Insurance Requirements - SETAF Regulation 190-3 establishes that third party liability
insurance is mandatory for all privately-owned vehicles (POV). No POV will be registered or
operated, to include a rented or borrowed vehicle, unless it is properly covered by insurance.
The yellow and white insurance card must be displayed on the vehicle so as to be easily read
from the outside by law enforcement personnel.
14. Equipment Required For Bicycles Italian law requires that bicycles be equipped with the
following: a bell, two independent braking systems, yellow reflectors fitted to the pedals, a
white or yellow front light and a red taillight and reflector, and a seat for small children if
carried. In addition, all Military ID Card holders are required to wear an approved safety helmet
while operating a bicycle on or off post. Bicycle riders have the same rights and responsibilities
as other road users.
15. Travel Into Other European Countries Because national requirements with the respect to
liability insurance, customs documents and drivers licenses vary and are subject to frequent
change in several European countries, it is suggested that personnel who plan to travel outside of
Italy obtain an international drivers license and insurance green card. POV owners can obtain
the green card from their insurance company. Information for an international drivers license
may be obtained at the Drivers Testing Station or visiting the Automobile Association of
America (AAA) web site.
16. Operation Of Military Vehicles A SETAF POV drivers license or a civilian POV drivers
license is not valid for the operation of a military vehicle, either Tactical or Non-Tactical (NTV).
Standard Form 46 (SF 46) or Optional Form 346 (OE 346) is required to operate a military
vehicle and must be validated for each type of military vehicle one is authorized to operate.
Applicants must complete the Army Accident Avoidance Course (AAC) which is found online at prior to operating ANY government issued vehicle. This mandatory
course of instruction must be completed once every four years. To operate an IFMS vehicle,
operators must posses either SETAF POV license or Host Nation driving permit. Speed limits
for Military vehicles may be different than those for a POV. Speed limits for military sedans on
the Autostrada is 74 MPH and in cities 31 MPH. The speed for all vehicles (POV) on the
Autostrada is 130 kph and 50 kph in cities and communities.
17. Except as otherwise indicated by road signs, all vehicles, including bicycles, scooters and
animal pulled vehicles, approaching from the right have the right-of-way. Exceptions are usually
indicated by triangular signs meaning Caution-Yield Right-of-Way, or by Stop signs or

diamond shaped signs meaning you are on a priority road and have the right-of-way. The above
rule applies regardless of the size of streets or volume of traffic. Accordingly, all street crossings
and junctions, and particularly traffic circles, must be approached with caution, reduced speed
and with special attention to signs and road markings.

18. An important adjustment that must be made in your driving is to allow for the large number
of small vehicles on the roads of Europe as compared to stateside traffic. Bicycles and scooters
play a very important role in the transportation needs of the Italian people. For this reason, these
small two-wheeled or three-wheeled vehicles are found in great numbers on all streets and roads
of Italy. The Italian Road Code states that bicycles and scooters are to be granted the same rights
and privileges in traffic as an automobile. At the same time, the law requires that they assume
the same responsibilities and observe all regulations applying to other vehicles. You, as the
operator of a vehicle, must be prepared to allow for many unexpected actions by operators of
these smaller vehicles, and employ the same degree of alertness and care that you practice in the
States when driving through a school zone during noon hour. Use particular precaution when
making right turns at intersections. It is so easy to have a bicycle or scooter to your rear or on
either side, which may be hidden in one of your visual blind spots. Be especially on the alert for
one of these vehicles passing on the right after you have slowed down for a right turn. Do not
depend on hand signals or even your turn signals to warn these operators. Many times they are
in such a position that the bicycle or scooter operator fails to see them or fails to understand their
meaning. This is especially true of hand signals. You find many drivers of bicycles and scooters
with very little or no traffic training, which is often reflected in their erratic traffic behavior. It
will be up to you to watch for them. If a cyclist is ahead of your vehicle on a very narrow street,
slow down and wait until the cyclist can be overtaken with adequate clearance. A cyclist should
be given a minimum of one meter clearance when being passed. Remember, if involved in an
accident with a bicycle or scooter, you may be technically right but legally wrong.

19. Turn signals are required on all motor vehicles as a prerequisite for registration, and drivers
must use these signals at all times and in sufficient time to indicate their intention to change
direction of travel. When drivers wish to overtake another vehicle, they should make sure it is
possible to do so, then signal their intentions to the vehicle preceding and following by the use of
the left turn signal and then using the right turn signal once it is safe to return to your proper lane
of traffic. You are forbidden to begin passing another vehicle when the driver preceding or
following has already made signals of their intention to pass.
20. The same rule of timely use of turn signals applies when giving your intentions to make all
turns. Your advance indications of making a turn give the oncoming and following vehicle
drivers sufficient time to take appropriate action.

21. You must learn to identify entirely different road signs than those used in the United States.
GTA 55-1-TSC-SS shows international road signs currently used in Italy. It also shows the
international road signs adopted at the Geneva Conference in 1949. You should find it
reasonably easy to learn these signs since they contain few printed words and are for the most
part self-explanatory.
22. The following hints may be used as aids in identification of road signs:
a. Three sided triangle-shaped signs (red trim) mean Danger: DANGER SIGNS.
b. Circular-shaped signs (red trim) mean a Prohibition: PROHIBITORY SIGNS.
c. Circular-shaped signs with a blue background mean an obligation: MANDATORY
d. Four-sided rectangular-shaped signs with a blue background mean information:

23. One of the most treacherous hazards you might face in your night driving is the occasional
animal-drawn cart or wagon on the highway without lights. Another is the large number of twowheeled vehicles without tail lamps, often operated by persons wearing dark clothing. Overdriving your headlights (driving at a speed which makes your stopping distance greater than your
vision ahead) is a very dangerous practice on the street or highway in any country, but when
practiced in areas where slow-moving vehicles with inadequate front and rear lights, or no lights
at all, are not uncommon, this becomes akin to suicide. Keep your speed down and be prepared
for the unexpected. Remember that over the next hill or around the next curve you may find a
condition that requires and emergency stop.
24. Excessive speed during hours of darkness on narrow, crooked roads bordered by trees,
ditches and stonewalls has been the leading cause of serious and fatal accidents involving U.S.
drivers in Italy. The circumstances are always the same: a driver fails to notice a curve ahead
because of their over-driving of their headlights, centrifugal force causes vehicle to travel onto
shoulder of the road, loss of control is immediate or follows after panic over-correction, and the
vehicle strikes a fixed object, goes into a ditch, or flips over on its top.

25. Attitude is the key to the whole situation. Your attitude toward adjusting to the existing road
conditions and the driver habits you find in this area may determine whether you have an
accident or not. Your willingness and ability to adopt truly defensive driving habits will be the
yardstick that measures you as a driver. Develop and use the qualities that make one a defensive

26. This section is designed to provide you with guidance in the event you become involved in
an accident while operating a motor vehicle in Italy.
27. Accidents SETAF directives require that traffic accidents be reported to the Military
Police, no matter how minor, within 24 hours or as soon as possible, by the registered owner or
operator. Operator Report of Motor Vehicle Accident, Standard Form 91; Italian Police
Report; or notification to your insurance company does not suffice as a report to the Military
Police. These reports may have to be made in addition thereto. Remember, the Italian police
report all accidents involving U.S. personnel to the Military Police. So, failure to report an
accident may result in a citation by the Military Police. The operator of any vehicle involved in
an accident will immediately stop their vehicle and render reasonable assistance to any person(s)
injured. The warning triangle will be placed to the rear of the vehicle to warn approaching
motorists (200 meters on Autostradas, 100 meters on Priority Roads, 50 meters within city limits
and communities). The driver will give his name, address and POV license plate number to any
police officer who may be present, to injured person(s), and to the driver or occupant of any
other vehicle involved in the accident. The driver of the vehicle involved will, as soon as
possible, report the accident to the Italian and U.S. Military law enforcement officials as
appropriate. If the other vehicle involved in an accident is parked and unattended, the POV
driver will attempt to locate the owner without delay and identify themselves. A name and
address should be left if this is unsuccessful. The vehicle will not be moved until approval is
given by police officials or, in the case of minor accident, all parties involved agree to clear the
28. Drivers are advised to refrain from making any statement, oral or written, to claimants or
their agents regarding liability, accident cause or the possibility of claims approval.
29. Claims One of the most frequent consequences of a vehicle accident is financial loss. An
accident means money out of your pocket. If a US military vehicle is involved, a formal claim
against the U.S. Government is almost always filed by the other party in the accident. The
money to investigate, process and often pay for these claims eventually comes out of every
American taxpayer. In addition a Financial Liability Investigation, for any damage to a
government vehicle, may find you liable, which could result in direct costs to you.

30. If a privately owned vehicle is involved, that does not necessarily mean full financial
protection. The insurance coverage may not be enough to cover damages and, if no collision
insurance is carried, you may be unable to collect for your own damages and personal injuries.
In addition, it must always be kept in mind that the insurance premium you pay for your policy
depends upon the accident rate. In conclusion, no matter who or what vehicle is involved, or
what the circumstances are, an accident means dollar losses to you.
31. In any accident involving your privately owned vehicle, be sure to notify your insurance
company as soon as possible.

32. The preceding pages outlined some important ways and means of preventing vehicle
accidents. In addition, it should be remembered that every operator of a military vehicle is
charged with further responsibilities. They are an active partner in the Military Economic
Program, particularly as it concerns maintaining and safeguarding military motor vehicles. The
following are some important DOs and DONTs, to which all drivers should adhere:
a. DO use your seat belts. Insure all passengers use theirs prior to moving vehicle.
b. DO check your vehicle (PMCS) as prescribed before, during and after operation.
c. DO know your vehicle capabilities in regard to speeds, load capacities and height
d. DO use your assistant driver or other personnel as a guide when backing. Make a
personal on-the-ground inspection of conditions to the rear of your vehicle before backing.
e. DO exercise complete courtesy at all times in operating a vehicle.
f. DO stop for school buses, loading or unloading passengers, on U.S. Military installations.
Italian Law does not require this off-post so drivers should be extremely cautious when meeting
school buses off post which are loading or unloading children
g. DO reduce speed on wet or icy roadways. Asphalt-top roadways, common in this area,
are very dangerous when wet. Mud and snow tread tires add to this skid hazard since they do not
provide adequate traction on such surfaces. Remember, if you go into a skid, turn your front
wheels in the same direction as the skid to recover control before using the brakes.
h. DO use the speedometer in gauging distance between vehicles. The minimum safe
interval between vehicles is considered to be one car-length for each 10/16 MPH/KPH of speed.
i. DO pull to the right and stop when you see a flashing blue light and hear alarm signals on
emergency vehicles.

j. DO exercise extreme caution when you only see a flashing blue light.
k. DO yield right-of-way to traffic already on the autostrada upon your entrance to the
autostrada. (ENTRATA SIGN).
l. DO, in the event your vehicle breaks down, pull as far off the pavement as possible and
take necessary action (display warning triangle) to warn other motorists.
m. DO stop and rest when you are fatigued.
n. DO slow down in traffic circles, especially when road is wet or icy.
o. DONT gear down to use engine for a brake at normal stops on level roads. This causes
excessive clutch and engine wear. Use this procedure only on downhill grades and, even then,
select the gear before actual downhill movement.
p. DONT coast downhill in neutral or with clutch disengaged.
q. DONT assume the right-of-way.
r. DONT stop or start suddenly. This endangers passengers, causes excessive vehicle wear
and greatly increases the probability of an accident.
s. DONT overload your vehicle. Comply with the authorized load as shown on the vehicle
nomenclature plate. Be sure load is balanced. An unbalanced load can cause an upset. Secure
the load and make sure it does not shift.
t. DONT carry passengers in truck cargo compartments.
u. DONT drive if you have been drinking; let someone authorized to operate the vehicle
take the wheel for you.
v. DONT park within a distance of 26 feet (8 meters) from an intersection or road crossing
or junction and 39 feet (12 meters) from a stop sign for bus or streetcar.
w. DONT make a U-TURN to reverse direction of travel on the autostrada. Continue to the
next exit. (USCITA)

NOTE: Should you pay a traffic fine to host nation police, ensure that you obtain a receipt.
33. Definitions


a. INHABITED AREA: A continuous grouping of buildings, streets and other land areas
marked by appropriate signs on all roads leading to it.
b. ROAD (or Highway): An area open to the public for traffic of pedestrians, vehicles and
c. TOLL ROAD (Autostrada): Road reserved for transit of motor vehicles, with no
unattended access points.
d. ROAD AREA (Sede Stradale): Includes pavement, shoulders, sidewalk and road tracks.
e. PAVEMENT (Carreggiata): That part of the road generally used for the transit of vehicles
and animals.
f. LANE (Corsia): Portion of the pavement of sufficient width to permit the transit of one
single line of vehicles.
g. BICYCLE TRACK (Pista per cicli): Part of the road reserved for bicycles.
h. SIDEWALK (Marciapiede): Raised or otherwise marked portion of the road reserved for
i. SHOULDER (Banchina): Edge of country roads generally reserved for pedestrians.
j. STREETCAR PLATFORM: Raised portion of road reserved for streetcars.
k. SAFETY ISLAND (Salvagente): Raised platform on the road pavement for the safety of
crossing pedestrians or for the convenience of streetcar, bus or trolley-bus passengers.
l. TRAFFIC DUMMY (Coppa Giratoria): Disk-shaped marking indicating the center of an
m. PEDESTRIAN CROSSING (Attraversamento pedonale): Properly marked zone of the
road pavement to be used for pedestrian crossing.
n. CURVE (Curva): Bending stretch of a road with limited visibility.
o. BUMPY ROAD (Dosso): Stretch of road of uneven grade with limited visibility.
p. SIDE VEHICLE ENTRANCE (Passo Carrabile): Zone used for vehicle access to private
property on both sides of the road.
q. GUARDED GRADE CROSSING (Passaggio a livello con barriere): A grade crossing
guarded by bars covering the entire width of the pavement or that part used for one-way traffic.


34. Article 16 - Hand Signals
a. Hand signals to be used by traffic policemen to regulate traffic:
(1) Arms outstretched horizontally and at right angle to the direction of traffic indicates
traffic must stop.
(2) Arms extended horizontally in the direction of traffic indicates traffic may proceed.
(3) One arm raised vertically indicates attention, signal to be changed.
b. Traffic policemen may, in order to expedite traffic, cause vehicles to move faster and may
also stop or divert vehicles coming from any direction. Non-compliance with the commands of
traffic policemen may be punished by a fine.
35. Article 17
a. Traffic lights may be red, green, and yellow, or only yellow and have the following
(1) Red Light Stop
(2) Green Light Go
(3) Yellow light after the green one indicates stop unless vehicles are clearly so close to
the light when it turns yellow that not stopping could be affected with sufficient safety before
passage. (In other words if your vehicle is to close to the intersection to stop safely, then you
may proceed through the yellow light)
(4) A blinking yellow light indicates caution and reduced speed.
(5) A red light accompanied by green arrows indicates vehicles in the appropriate lanes
must follow the direction indicated by the arrow. Green arrows do not imply right of way.
(6) Red lights may be accompanied by special light signals to allow transit of trolleycars. Green lights may likewise be accompanied by light signals to bar trolley-cars from transit.
(7) Special light signals may be reserved for pedestrians.


b. Violations of the directions indicated by a traffic light may be punished by a fine.

36. Article 42 - Braking System of Motor Vehicles

a. Motor vehicles shall be provided with the following equipment:
(1) A regular foot-brake, acting on all wheels, to regulate the movement and stop the
vehicle promptly and effectively, regardless of load conditions and slush on the road.
(2) An emergency brake to stop the vehicle within a reasonable distance in case of
failure of the regular brakes.
(3) A brake to be used while the vehicle is stopped, to keep the vehicle at a standstill
even in the absence of the driver and on a slope.
b. The use of a motor vehicle lacking any of the above mentioned brakes or with brakes other
than those prescribed by this article and by the regulations may be punished by a fine.
37. Article 45 Lighting
a. Motor vehicles, motorcycles and motorbikes will be equipped with white or yellow front
parking lights and red taillights; trailers will be equipped with a reflecting white light in front and
with red taillights.
b. Above vehicles will also be equipped with a reflecting red light in the rear.
c. Motor vehicles and motorcycles will be equipped with headlights projecting white or
yellow and white light to ensure long distance lighting of the road with the means to avoid
blinding of on-coming drivers. The installation of non-blinding fog lights and of non-blinding
white backing lights is permitted.
d. Motorbikes will be equipped only with non-blinding headlights.
e. Motor vehicles, motorcycles and trailers will be equipped with red stop lights visible from
the rear that light up when the driver applies the foot brake.
f. Police cars, fire department vehicles and ambulances may be equipped with additional blue
blinking lights.
g. Motor vehicles, trailers and motorcycles (except asymmetrical one and motorbikes) will be
equipped with directional lights. These will emit blinking white forward, orange sideways and to
the rear. Motor vehicles of exceptional size will be equipped with white lights in the front and
red ones in the rear; trailers of exceptional size will be equipped with red lights in the rear.
NOTE: Asymmetrical motorcycles are those equipped with a side-car.


h. Trailers will be equipped with lateral orange-colored light reflecting devices.

i. Rear license plates will be lit by a white light.
j. The use of vehicles without the prescribed lighting or signaling devices or with lighting or
signaling devices other than those prescribed by this Article may be punished by a fine.
38. Article 46 - Sound Signaling Device
a. Motor vehicles, motorcycles and motorbikes will be equipped with a sound signaling
b. Buses and other public conveyances will be equipped with a distinctive sound signaling
c. Motor vehicles and motorcycles by police or fire departments, as well as ambulances, may
be equipped with an additional warning signal.
d. The use of vehicles without prescribed sounding devices may be punished by fine.
39. Article 47 Mufflers Standing and Backing Devices
a. Motor vehicles, motorcycles and motorbikes will be equipped with a device to reduce the
noise of the motor.
b. Motor vehicles and trailers with an aggregate weight of 7,700 lbs and over, when fully
loaded, will be equipped with chock blocks to keep the vehicle at a standstill when the braking
devices are not functional.
c. The use of a vehicle without muffler or with muffler other than the one prescribed by this
Article may be punished by a fine.
d. The use of one of the vehicles indicated in paragraphs 1 & 2 above, without the prescribed
braking apparatus or without chock blocks, may be punished by a fine.
40. Title V, Chapter Iv, Article 66 - License Plates of Motor Vehicles, Motorcycles and Trailers
a. Motor vehicles will require mounting of the front and rear of a license plate with the
registration data. Motorcycles are only required to have one license plate mounted on the rear of
the vehicle.
b. Trailers and two-wheel trailers, while in operation, will carry a duplicate of the license
plate corresponding to the towing vehicle.


c. The registration data contained on the license plate will be kept in a legible condition and
the plate will be changed when data is no longer legible.
d. Violation of the provisions in paragraphs 1 and 2 may be punished by imprisonment up to
one month or by a fine.
e. The operation of a vehicle with plates other than its own may be punished by
imprisonment up to three months or by a fine.
f. Violations of paragraph 3 may be punished by a fine.
41. Title VI, Article 79
a. Persons who operate vehicles will have the necessary physical and mental requirements
(1) Be 14 years of age to operate motorbikes up to 50cc. No passengers (This does not
apply to U.S Forces personnel).
(2) Be 16 years of age to operate motorbikes up to 125 cc. No passengers (This does not
apply to U.S. Forces personnel).
(3) Be 18 years of age to operate motor vehicles and all motorcycles not exceeding 350
cc. Passengers permitted.
(4) Be 21 years of age to operate any motorcycle exceeding 350 cc. Passengers
NOTE: US Forces personnel must be 18 years of age and posses a SETAF drivers license
to operate any motor vehicle in Italy.
b. Imprisonment up to three months or a fine may be imposed for the operation of vehicles by
persons lacking the requirements prescribed in this Article or without a driving license.
42. Article 80 - License to Operate Motor Vehicle. Whoever operates a motor vehicle or
motorcycle without a drivers license may be punished with confinement from three to six
months and a fine.
43. Title VIII, Article 96, Speed
a. Drivers will adjust the speed of their vehicles in such a manner as not to create danger to
persons and property, or cause confusion or obstruction to traffic. Speed will be adapted to the
particular condition of the road, traffic and other special conditions.


b. Speed will moderate in cases of reduced visibility, curves, in the vicinity of schools, forks,
and intersections, on steep downhill grades, at night, under fog, haze or dust conditions, going
through narrow or obstructed passages, going through inhabited roads or built-up areas.
44. Drivers will reduce speed and stop, if necessary, when meeting each other under difficult
conditions, when pedestrians in their path are slow in getting out of the way, and when animals
in their path show signs of fright at their oncoming.
d. Speed contests are not permitted.
e. A fine may be imposed for violations of the provisions of this Article.
45. Article 103 Speed Limits
a. The speed will not be in excess of 50 KPH (31 MPH) in inhabited areas.
b. The agencies in charge of the road may establish maximum and minimum speeds outside
of inhabited areas, in accordance with directives issued by the Ministry of Public Works.
c. Motor vehicles with an aggregate weight in excess of 17,600 lbs will not exceed the speed
of 70 KPH (42 MPH) outside inhabited areas, if used for the transportation of persons, and 60
KPH (36 MPH) if used for other purposes.
d. Trucks in excess of said weight will not exceed the speed of 60 KPH (36 MPH) when
used for the transportation of persons.
e. Motor vehicles and motorcycles used for the transportation of dangerous merchandise,
when loaded, will not exceed the speed of 40 KPH (24 MPH) outside inhabited areas and 30
KPH (18 MPH) inside.
f. The provisions of Article 102 will apply in all cases in which there are speed limits.
Fines may be imposed as follows:
(1) Up to 10 KPH over posted speed limit 32.80 to 131.20 EURO
(2) 10 KPH to 40 KPH over the posted speed limit 131.20 to 529.79 EURO
(3) 40 KPH above the posted speed limit 529.79 to 1,311.98 EURO with the suspension
of driving permit from one to three months.
g. Non-observance of minimum speed limits may be punished by a fine.

46. Article 104 - Position of Travel

a. Vehicles will proceed close to the right side of the pavement, even when the road is free of


b. Motor vehicles will be kept as close as possible to the right hand side of the road.
c. The provisions of the preceding paragraph will apply also to other vehicles when meeting
each other and when negotiating curves or hills, unless such vehicles are proceeding on divided
roads or on roads with at least two lanes for each direction of traffic, or on one-way streets.
d. When the road is divided into two separate pavements, vehicles will proceed in the right
hand pavement. When the street or highway is divided into three separate pavements, vehicles
may proceed on the right or the middle pavement, unless signs direct otherwise.
e. On three-lane roads, the extreme right hand lane will be used for travel; the middle lane
will be reserved for passing.
f. When the road has two lanes for each direction of traffic, the extreme right lane will be
used for travel; the lane immediately to the left of it will be used for passing.
g. On one-way roads having at least three lanes, and on roads having at three lanes for each
direction of traffic, parallel lines of traffic will be permitted.
h. Moving from one lane to another on multiple-lane roads will be done in such a way as to
avoid danger for vehicles proceeding on the lane entered.
i. In order to make a turn to the right, drivers will keep as close as possible to the right edge
of the road. In order to make a turn to the left, drivers will approach the intersection keeping as
close as possible to the center line of the road, and will make the turn close to the center of the
intersection, provided that this may be done without entering the other street on the wrong side
and provided also no signs direct otherwise. In making a left-hand turn, drivers will always
respect the right-of-way of vehicles coming from the right and of oncoming vehicles. In case of
a divided road or a one-way street, a left turn will be done by keeping as close as possible to the
left side of the road.
j. A fine may be imposed for driving on the wrong side of the road near or during curves or
hills or in any other cases of reduced visibility.
k. Violations of the other provisions of this Article may be punished by a fine.
47. Article 105 - Right-of Way
a. Drivers will use extreme caution when nearing an intersection in order to avoid accidents.
b. When two (2) vehicles are approaching an intersection, the vehicle coming from the right
will have the right-of-way.
c. In entering a road from a private entrance, there is a duty to stop and give the right-of-way
to users of the public road.


d. In crossing railroad and trolley tracks, vehicles traveling on the tracks will have the rightof-way.
e. Vehicles traveling on State roads will have the right-of-way outside inhabited areas.
f. If both intersecting roads have right-of-way, the vehicle coming from the right will have
the right-of-way, unless a sign is posted for those traveling on one of the two roads to stop at the
intersection and give the right-of-way to those traveling on the other one.
g. Vehicles being backed, making U-turns or entering traffic will give the right-of-way to all
other vehicles.
h. A fine may be imposed for failure to give the right-of-way to users of public road when
entering or exiting from a private entrance.
i. The same penalty will apply to any person who fails to yield the right-of-way to a vehicle
traveling on a road having the right-of-way, and likewise to any vehicle which, approaching an
intersection of two roads of equal priority, fails to stop and yield the right-of-way to a vehicle
traveling on the other road whenever he is otherwise obligated to yield.
j. A fine may be imposed for violations of other provisions of this Article.
48. Article 106 - Passing
a. In passing other vehicles, drivers will ensure that visibility is adequate, that the available
space is sufficient, and that no other vehicle has started the passing operation.
b. Passing will be done on the left, followed by returning to the position on the right of the
road as soon as possible without endangering the vehicle being passed.
c. The driver of the vehicle being overtaken will stay as much as possible to the right edge of
the road and not increase speed.
d. No passing will be done on three-lane highways when another vehicle coming from the
opposite direction is already occupying the center lane for overtaking purposes.
e. Overtaking on the right is permitted when the driver of the vehicle being overtaken signals
a left turn and when parallel lines of traffic are permitted.
f. Trolley-cars will be overtaken on the right when there is sufficient room for passing on the
right of the tracks. In this case, except when there is a traffic island, passing will be prohibited
while passengers are entering or exiting from the trolleys stopped in the middle of the road.
Overtaking is prohibited on or near curves, hills or under conditions of reduced visibility. In
addition to the cases above mentioned, trailer-trucks will not overtake other trailer-trucks on
roads or stretches thereof when such prohibition is shown on appropriate signs.


g. It is prohibited to pass a vehicle when it is in the process of overtaking another or while it

is stopped before a grade crossing, stop light or for other traffic interruption when such passing
necessitates moving on the left side of the road. No passing will be permitted near or at the level
of intersections or gateless grade crossings nor of any vehicle stopped to allow pedestrian
h. A fine may be imposed for violations of the first and fourth paragraphs of this article. A
fine or imprisonment up to three months may be imposed for passing on the right.
i. A fine may be imposed for violations of other provisions of this Article.
49. Article 107 - Safety Distance Between Vehicles
a. Vehicles while in motion will keep a safe distances from the preceding ones, sufficient to
ensure a timely stop at all times and to avoid collision with the vehicle ahead.
b. The distance between vehicles with trailers and trucks will be at least 100 meters (328 ft)
on roads or stretches where no overtaking is allowed. When snow-removal vehicles are in
operation, all vehicles shall proceed with the greatest caution and keep a distance of at least 20
meters (65 ft).
c. A fine may be imposed for violations of the provisions of this Article.
50. Article 108 - Meeting Public Transportation Buses on Mountain Roads
a. Upon meeting public transportation buses on certain stretches of mountain roads, vehicles
will stop, upon indication of appropriate signs to that effect, and not continue until such buses
have passed by.
b. A fine may be imposed for violations of the provisions of this Article.
51. Article 109 - Use of Headlights and Parking Lights
a. The turning on of headlights is compulsory from one-half hour before sunset to one-half
hour after sunrise and under any circumstances of limited visibility. Use of headlights is also
compulsory during daytime within tunnels and on the autostrada. Also, lights will be on when
operating vehicle outside city limits.
b. Use of parking lights is compulsory on parked vehicles except bicycles and motorcycles
unless they are clearly visible by public lighting or placed beyond the pavement.
c. A fine may be imposed for violating the provisions of this Article.
52. Article 110 - Use of Lighting Equipment and Display of Lights on Motor Vehicles and


a. Motor vehicles, while in use, will display the following lighting equipment and travel with
the following lights turned on during the periods indicated in the first paragraph of Article 109:
(1) Parking lights when public lighting is adequate.
(2) Low beam and taillights when public lighting is inadequate.
(3) Bright lights and taillights when there is no public lighting and the speed of travel is
in excess of 40 KPH (24 MPH). Low beam lights and reduced speed will be applied when
meeting other vehicles.
b. Parking lights will be used by vehicles while parked when the public lighting is
insufficient, unless placed beyond the road pavement, except in the case of detached trailers,
motorcycles and motorbikes.
c. Public lighting will be considered sufficient when it permits spotting a vehicle at a distance
of 50 meters (164 ft).
d. Bright lights will be prohibited in inhabited areas.
e. Failure to use low beam lights when meeting an oncoming vehicle may be cause for
imprisonment up to three months or a fine.
f. A fine may be imposed for violations of other provisions of this Article.
52. Article 111 - Change of Direction Change of Lanes Stopping
a. Drivers will give signal, in sufficient time, of their intention to make a change of direction.
b. Operators of two-wheeled vehicles shall raise the arm vertically as a stop signal.
c. Vehicles required to carry prescribed directional and stopping signal devices will use these
for the purposes indicated in the preceding paragraphs.
d. A change of lanes on roads with multiple lanes will be signaled in due time in the same
manner indicated in the first and third paragraphs. A fine may be imposed for violations of the
provisions of this Article.
53. Article 113 - Use of Sound Signals
a. Restraint will always be the rule with the respect to use of sound signals. The use of sound
signals will be compulsory outside of inhabited areas upon approaching vehicles in places that
such use might appear advisable. The use of sound signals will be prohibited within inhabited
areas except in cases of immediate danger. At night when approaching intersections or passing
other vehicles, the intermittent blinking of low beam lights in lieu of sound signals is permitted.


b. The drivers of vehicles engaged in the transportation of injured or seriously ill persons will
be exempt from the prohibitions and limitations related to the use of sound signals.
c. A fine may be imposed for the violations of the provisions of this Article.
54. Article 115 - Parking
a. Appropriate safeguards to prevent accidents will be adopted by drivers when leaving
vehicles for an extended period of time.
b. Vehicles, while parked outside inhabited areas, will be placed in specifically designated
ground plots or paved shoulders or, in the absence of same, on the right edge and alongside the
c. Vehicles, while parked inside inhabited areas, will be placed alongside the edge of the
pavement unless otherwise directed.
d. In the absence of a raised sidewalk, sufficient room will be allowed for the transit of
pedestrians. Parking will be prohibited in the following areas:
(1) Near or at intersections, curves, hills, grade crossings and bus stops.
(2) Trolley tracks, pedestrian crossings or driveways.
(3) When the available portion of the pavement is not sufficient for the transit of vehicles
in one direction.
(4) Near or opposite road signals in such manner as to preclude their sight.
NOTE: The police may remove any vehicle parked inside inhabited areas in zones described in
the preceding paragraphs when same poses serious danger or obstruction of traffic. The vehicle
involved will be returned upon reimbursement of storage and transportation expenses.
e. A fine may be imposed for violations of the provisions of this Article.
f. A fine may be imposed if unlawful parking is done on intersections, curves, hills or
55. Article 116 - Obstruction to Traffic
a. If traffic is obstructed by reason of a breakdown, spilling of the load or any other reason,
the drivers will promptly provide for the clearing, as much as possible, of a passage and will
push the vehicle to a parking zone or paved shoulder or, failing these, alongside the right edge of
the road. If slippery substances are spilled on the road, drivers will immediately adopt necessary
safety measures to protect traffic.


b. A fine may be imposed for violations of the provisions of this Article.

56. Article 117 - Signaling for Stopped Vehicles
a. Without prejudice to the provisions of Article 116, all vehicles, except motorcycles, motor
bikes and bicycles, parked on the road pavement outside of inhabited areas, will have signal
devices in foggy weather, on curves, hills or at night time if the tail positional lights are
b. Signaling will be done by means of a portable sign of the general caution, of small size and
light-reflecting, which will be carried along, in accordance with the specifications issued by the
Ministry of Public Works. Sign will be placed on the pavement at the distance of at least 50
meters (164 ft) back of the vehicle involved. On Autostrada, the distance will be 200 meters
(666 ft) to the rear of the vehicle.
c. A fine may be imposed for violations of the provisions of this Article.
57. Article 118 - Military Convoys, Processions, etc.
a. It is prohibited to cut across military convoys, troop or student formations, processions,
b. A fine may be imposed for violations of the provisions of this Article.
58. Article 132 - Drunk Driving
a. It is prohibited to drive while under the influence of alcohol or drugs.
b. Whoever operates a vehicle while under the influence of alcohol or drugs may be punished
with a confinement up to six months or a fine, unless the act constitutes a more severe offense.
59. Article 133 - Duty of Drivers Involved in an Accident
a. In case of accidents involving personal injury, drivers must stop and give necessary
assistance to the injured.
b. Drivers who fail to stop in such cases will be liable to imprisonment up to four months.
c. Drivers who fail to give necessary assistance to the injured in an accident may be punished
by imprisonment from four to six months and by a fine. If such omission is cause for
aggravation of the injury, the punishment will be increased; if it causes death, the punishment
will be doubled. In the event that the accident was caused by negligence, the laws relative to
plural offenses will be applicable.


d. Drivers who, in case of an accident, stop and, if necessary, lend assistance to the injured
and make themselves immediately available to the judiciary police will not be subject to pretrial
imprisonment prescribed for flagrante delicto (in the act of committing a crime) and their
penalties will be subject to reduction by one-third.
e. Hit-and-run drivers will always be subject to pre-trial imprisonment.
60. Article 134 - Pedestrians
a. Pedestrians will use sidewalks, shoulders and raised alleys. If these are absent or
inadequate, they may use the left edge of the traveled way or pavement or also the right edge on
one-way or divided streets or highways. Pedestrians crossing traveled ways or pavement will
use pedestrian crossing, underpass, or overbridges. In their absence or if same are located more
than 100 meters away, they may cross the pavement at right angles.
b. Pedestrians will not cross road intersections; they are prohibited from squares or other
open spaces except at pedestrian crossings, if available, even if same are placed at a distance in
excess of that indicated in the preceding paragraph.
c. Under heavy traffic conditions, pedestrians will not pause on the road pavement nor in
groups on the road reserved to them. When police or stop lights are not present to regulate
traffic, drivers will give the right-of-way to pedestrians crossing in painted crosswalks, by
slowing down or stopping their vehicles.
d. Pedestrians crossing the road pavement outside pedestrian crossings will give preference
to drivers.
e. Drivers will stop their vehicles when a blind person with a white cane or other
identification is crossing the pavement.
f. Carriages for children or invalids will use the portion of the road reserved to pedestrians.
g. No games or sporting activities will be carried out on the road.
h. A fine may be imposed for violations of the provisions of this Article.
61. Article 135 - Duty to Officers, Officials and Agents
a. Drivers will stop their vehicles upon signal from officers, officials or agents charged with
the detection and prevention of traffic offenses when same are in uniform and have uniform caps
or other distinctive designation.
b. Vehicle drivers are required upon demand to exhibit to the above mentioned agents, their
registration documents, drivers permits, and any other documentation which may be required.
c. A fine may be imposed for violations of the provisions of this Article.


62. Article 589 - Culpable Homicide

a. Whoever, through negligence or omission, causes the death of a human being may be
punished by confinement from six months to five years.
b. If the act committed violates the rules of the Traffic Code, or the rules for the prevention
of industrial accidents, the punishment may be confinement from one to five years.
c. In the case of the death of more than one person, or the death of one person and personal
injuries to one or more other persons, the punishment may be up to 12 years confinement.
63. Article 590 - Penal Code, Negligently Inflicting Personal Injuries
a. Whoever, through negligence or omission, causes personal injuries to others may be
punished with confinement up to three months or a fine. If the injury is serious, the punishment
may be confinement from one to six months or a fine; if it is very serious, confinement from
three months to two years or a fine.
b. If the acts mentioned in the preceding paragraph are committed by violating the provisions
of the Traffic Code or provisions concerning the prevention of work accidents, the penalty for
serious injuries may be confinement for two to six months or a fine; and the penalty for very
serious injuries may be confinement from six months to two years or a fine.
c. If more than one person is injured, the penalty will be three times the one applicable for the
most serious violation committed, but the total duration of confinement will not exceed five
d. In the case cited in the first paragraph of this Article, the offense is punishable upon the
private complaint of the injured party.
NOTE: Normally, a serious injury is one resulting in disability for over 40 days, and a very
serious injury is one resulting in permanent disability or disfigurement.
1. As posted, you may not exceed 50 km or _____mph in urban areas.
a. 31 mph
b. 10 mph
c. 25 mph
d. 50 mph
2. Any government ID card holder in Italy registering _____ grams per 1.0 ml of whole
blood on a Breathalyzer Test or Blood Alcohol Test (BAC) can result in a 90 day
mandatory suspension and have 6 points assessed.



None of the above

3. If you are in a minor accident in a privately owned vehicle (POV), you must report it
_________to the authorities IAW the Italian Road Code.
a. Within 24 hours
b. Within 48 hours
c. Within 72 hours
d. As soon as possible
4. Italian law states that if you are the first or one of the first persons to come upon the
scene of an accident with injuries, you must
a. Leave and call for help
b. By law, you are not required to do anything
c. Drive to the nearest Carabinieri to report the accident
d. Stop and render assistance
5. Implied consent provision states refusal to submit to a chemical test if requested by law
officials will result in:
a. Impoundment of vehicle
b. Letter to Commander
c. Nothing, if requested by Italian authorities
d. Loss of driving privileges
6. You should ______when approaching an intersection with a blinking yellow light.
a. Come to a complete stop and proceed with caution
b. Increase your speed and proceed with caution
c. Wait until the light changes and proceed with caution
d. Reduce your speed and proceed with caution
7. You are driving along the autostrada and you want to stop and rest for awhile. What
should you do?
a. Pull over to the side of the autostrada and stop.
b. Look for an SOS area and stop.
c. Pull over onto the center strip and park.
d. Pull into one of the areas marked by the sign which bears the white letter P on a
blue background.
8. Traffic within a traffic circle:
a. Does not have the right-of-way except as provided for by signs or lights.
b. Has the right-of-way over all traffic entering the circle unless otherwise posted.
c. Has the right-of-way only over two-wheeled vehicles.
d. Has right-of-way over all traffic entering the circle.


9. You are driving on a city street approaching an intersection. The traffic light facing you
at the intersection is yellow over green. This means:
a. Traffic may proceed but slowly because of repair work underway.
b. The light is about to change to red. You may pass the intersection only if you are
too close to stop safely before the intersection.
c. You should speed up to beat the light.
d. You must slow down and proceed through the intersection with caution.
10. You are driving on the autostrada enroute to a city which you discover is in the opposite
direction. You should:
a. Cut across the grass center strip
b. Make a U turn at one of the paved access ways to the opposite lane
c. Stop and wait for the military police
d. Continue on to the next authorized exit, turn off the autostrada and cross over to
the reverse traffic lane by way of the overpass or underpass.
11. Unless otherwise posted, the speed limit within cities and communities is:
a. 60 kph
b. 50 kph
c. 55kph
d. There is no speed limit
12. When you see a vehicle with a supplementary flashing blue light and you hear alarm
signals, you must:
a. Bear right
b. Pull over to the right and stop
c. Slow down
d. Keep going at the same speed
13. A blinking yellow light at intersections means:
a. Caution and reduce speed
b. Stop
c. No left or right turn
d. Yield the right-of-way to all vehicles coming from your left only
14. The speed limit for sedans (POV) on the autostrada is:
a. 31 mph or 50 kph (unless otherwise posted)
b. 19 mph or 30 kph (unless otherwise posted)
c. 81 mph or 130 kph (unless otherwise posted)
d. 63 mph or 100 kph (unless otherwise posted)
15. You are entering the autostrada. Who has the right-of-way?
a. You do
b. Traffic already on the autostrada and you have equal priority
c. Neither
d. Traffic already on the autostrada


16. In tunnels, you are required to use your headlights

a. Always, whether the tunnel is lighted or not
b. Only if the tunnel has yellow lights
c. Only when meeting other cars
d. Never in a lighted tunnel
17. You are approaching a railroad crossing when you see a blinking red light. What does
this indicate?
a. Proceed with caution
b. The track is clear
c. A train is coming. Stop immediately.
d. Increase speed and clear the tracks.
18. In the absence of signs indicating otherwise (such as the yield right-of-way sign and the
priority road sign), how is the right-of-way determined under Italian Law? (To include
traffic circles)
a. The vehicle arriving at the crossing or junction first has the right-of-way.
b. Vehicles coming from the right have right-of-way at crossings and junctions.
c. Vehicles coming from the left have right-of-way at crossings and junctions.
d. At crossings and junctions, all vehicles have equal priority.
19. The greatest hazard to city driving in Italy is:
a. The density of two-wheeled vehicles (bicycles, motorbikes and motor scooters).
b. Lack of driver education and traffic signals.
c. Improper Italian road traffic laws.
d. Excessive mechanical defects.
20. At any time that you intend to turn left, right or stop, you should:
a. Concentrate on the situation in front of you.
b. Slow down only.
c. Signal, in advance, your intention to do so.
d. Increase speed just before making the turn or stop.
21. The continuous white center line (unbroken line) painted on the highway means:
a. Passing permitted.
b. Restricted area for emergency stops.
c. Road under repair.
d. Passing prohibited.
22. Any curb that is painted yellow usually means:
a. Parking is permitted
b. Rest area.
c. No parking.
d. Means nothing; chosen decoration.


23. Any curb that is painted red usually means:

a. No parking
b. Bus parking only
c. Fire and Emergency vehicles only
d. Rest area
24. The turning on of headlights is mandatory from:
a. One hour before sunset.
b. One hour after sunrise.
c. One-half hour after sunset until one-half hour before sunrise.
d. One-half hour before sunset until one-half hour after sunrise.
25. In the absence of a special lane provided for scooters and bicycles, how is the right-ofway determined under Italian law?
a. They have the same right-of-way as an automobile.
b. They do not have equal right-of-way as an automobile.
c. The rule is applied only for larger vehicles.
d. Has to be regulated by traffic lights.
26. All pedestrians in a painted crosswalk have the right of way.
a. True
b. False
27. Off base, Italian law requires you to stop for buses (school or other) that are loading and
a. True
b. False
28. There are no right turns on a red traffic light allowed in Italy.
a. True
b. False
29. You are required to use your headlights when driving through tunnels.
a. True
b. False
30. In Italy, as in most European countries, negligence resulting in injury or death to others
constitutes a criminal offense.
a. True
b. False
31. You should rely only on watchman, gates or automatic warning devices when
approaching railroad crossings.
a. True
b. False


32. An Italian Certificate of Insurance (white and yellow card) is required to be displayed on
your vehicle at all times while in Italy.
a. True
b. False
33. All AFI (Allied Forces Italy) registered vehicles must have seatbelts mounted for every
occupant in the vehicle.
a. True
b. False
34. Except in cases of immediate danger, the use of sound signals (horns) are prohibited in
most inner city areas.
a. True
b. False
35. It is illegal to talk on cellular phones while driving except when using a hands-free
a. True
b. False
36. Your driving attitude in Europe may determine your accident status.
a. True
b. False
37. You are required to report to the MPs (or Airforce Police) any vehicle accident, however
slight, which you may have IAW Army Regulations.
a. True
b. False
38. If you are involved in an accident which is clearly not your fault, you need not to stop to
render aid to the injured or to identify yourself.
a. True
b. False
39. Italian law requires that halted, parked or wrecked vehicles which jeopardize traffic be
made recognizable at a sufficient distance by a triangular reflecting warning sign.
a. True
b. False
40. In an effort to save wear and tear on your vehicle and to save gas, it is good practice to
disengage your clutch or shift to neutral when going down long hills.
a. True
b. False
41. Fog is more likely to be encountered in low places.
a. True


b. False
42. Drivers must slow down well in advance of the curve or when making a turn.
a. True
b. False

43. Do not accelerate when you are being overtaken. Slow down, if necessary, to let the
overtaking vehicle pass.
a. True
b. False
44. Your stateside license must be valid upon initial issue of your Allied Forces Italy License
and it is your own responsibility to insure your stateside license stays current.
a. True
b. False
45. Unlawful parking at intersections, on hills, near tunnels or curves, may cause heavy fines.
a. True
b. False
46. During rainfall, the pavement is far more slippery after it has rained for several hours
than it is at the beginning of the rainfall.
a. True
b. False
47. When approaching an intersection where directional arrows are painted on the pavement,
move to the appropriate traffic lane according to whether you inted to go straight ahead
or turn left or right.
a. True
b. False
48. In a collision between a car and a two-wheeled vehicle, the operator of the two-wheeled
vehicle has a greater chance of being killed or injured than the driver of the car.
a. True
b. False
49. In passing a cyclist, on should allow a minimum clearance of one meter.
a. True
b. False
50. Automobile drivers are forbidden to cut across military convoys, troop or student
formations or processions.
a. True
b. False


51. If you are in a minor accident in a privately owned vehicle (POV), you must report it
____________to the Military Police (MPs) IAW Military Regulations.
a. Within 24 hours
b. Within 48 hours
c. Within 72 hours
d. As soon as possible
52. Whoever, through negligence or omission, causes personal injuries to others may be
punished with confinement up to three months or a fined.
a. True
b. False
53. Parking is illegal within 39 feet from the stopping sign for a bus or streetcar.
a. True
b. False
54. In identifying road signs, three sided triangle-shaped signs (red trim) mean:
a. Prohibition
b. Mandatory action
c. Danger, actions happening ahead
d. None of the above
55. In identifying road signs, Circular-shaped signs (red trim) mean a:
a. Prohibition
b. Obligation, mandatory action
c. Danger, actions happening ahead
d. None of the above
56. In identifying road signs, circular-shaped signs with a blue background mean an:
a. Prohibition
b. Obligation, mandatory action
c. Danger, actions happening ahead
d. Information
57. In identifying road signs, four-sided rectangular-shaped signs with a blue background
a. Prohibition
b. Obligation, mandatory action
c. Information
d. None of the above
58. You must meet the age requirement of ______to be licensed to drive any motor vehicle
IAW USASETAF Regulation 190-2 and the Italian Road Code.



16 years of age
21 years of age
18 years of age
15 years of age

59. You must meet the age requirement of _______to be licensed to operate any two-wheel
vehicle over 350cc.
a. 16 years of age
b. 21 years of age
c. 18 years of age
d. 15 years of age
60. You must meet the age requirement of _______to be licensed to operate any two-wheeled
vehicle up to 350cc.
a. 16 years of age
b. 21 years of age
c. 18 years of age
d. 15 years of age
61. It is recommended that you obtain an international drivers permit and an international
green card (insurance card) when operating your POV across international borders.
a. True
b. False
62. A warning triangle must be placed _________ behind a disabled vehicle on the
a. 50 meters
b. 100 meters
c. 200 meters
d. On top of the vehicle



32. a
33. a
34. a
35. a
36. a
37. a
38. b
39. a
40. b
41. a
42. a
43. a
44. a
45. a
46. b
47. a
48. a
49. a
50. a
51. d
52. a
53. a
54. c
55. a
56. b
57. c
58. c
59. b
60. c
61. a
62. c

1. a
2. b
3. c
4. d
5. d
6. d
7. d
8. b
9. b
10. d
11. b
12. b
13. a
14. c
15. d
16. a
17. c
18. b
19. a
20. c
21. d
22. c
23. c
24. d
25. a
26. a
27. b
28. a
29. a
30. a
31. b








1. USASETAF Reg. 190-2, Traffic Supervision and Privately Owned Vehicle Operator
Licenses, 10 Jan 07.
2. NATO Status of Forces Agreement and Supplementary Agreements thereto.
3. USASETAF Reg. 190-3, Registration, Operation and Disposal of Privately Owned Vehicles,
15 May 05.
4. AR 190-5, Motor Vehicle Traffic Supervision, 22 May 06.
5. AER Regulation 190-1, Driver and Vehicle Requirements and the Installation Traffic Code
for the U.S. Forces in Germany, 08 Aug 2010.
6. AE PAM 190-34, Driver's Handbook and Examination Manual for Germany, dated 16 Nov
7. AER 600-55, The Army Driver and Operator Standardization Program, dated 8 Feb 2007
8. NAVSUPPACT Instruction 11240.29C W/Change 1, Procedures for Acquisition of U.S.
Forces in Italy, Motor Vehicle Operator's License, dated 27 Oct 99
9. Italian Rode Code, January 2010.